Araki has a big thing for Classic Rock. The sheer number of references in his work is baffling. This was a nightmare regarding translation, since most of the names were copyrighted, so they had to rename a lot. And as it went on, a little pop group here, a little rapper there, in addition to more contemporary bands.
When Jonathan meets Dio at his castle, he boasts to have come from Hell to fight him, much like Kenshiro shouted to Shin before their duel. In another parallel, after Dio is defeated and falls off the tower, a boy asks why Jonathan couldn't truly hate Dio.
His stand is named Silver Chariot after the Chariot tarot card.
He does a Shout-Out to The Princess Bride, more exactly towards Inigo Montoya. Although they look and act nothing alike, Polnareff and Montoya have oddly similar backstories, both being European fencers who lost a family member after they were killed by a man with a deformed hand. It's outright Lampshaded when he and Kakyoin are finally facing J. Geil and losing (badly). J.P. calmly explains to a desperate Kakyoin that, when the moment of revenge arrives, you don't just shout random insults. There's a certain code you have to follow, and there are some precise phrases that have to be spoken. You knowhowit ends.
Captain Tenille uses a Sand called Dark Blue Moon, named after the Moon tarot card.
Forever, the ape, has a Stand named Strength, after the namesake tarot card.
The little girl who escaped from her house and joined the group is nicknamed "runaway girl".
Cameo has the Judgement as his Stand, after the namesake tarot card.
Midler, a character who's better known as a playable character in the Fighting Game, and who uses the High Priestess Stand, after the namesake tarot card.
Iggy is named after Iggy Pop, the most well known member of the band. His Stand is The Fool, after the namesake tarot card.
N'Dour uses the Stand Geb, after the Egyptian God of Earth.
Oingo & Boingo, whose names are changed in the Viz translation for Zenyatta and Mondatta, uses the Stands Khnum and Thoth, the Egyptian Gods of inundation (also a Creator God) and writing/knowledge.
Mariah uses the Stand Bast, after Bastet, the Goddess of Protection.
Alessi uses the Sethan Stand, after Seth, the God of Chaos.
Chaka and Khan, the first two hapless wielders of the Anubis sword. The original user of Anubis, Caravan Serai, is named for one of Santana's albums. The Anubis Sword, meanwhile, is named after the Egyptian God of Mummification.
Pet Shop uses the Stand Horus, named after the Egyptian God of the Sky.
Dio's name in Part III is shortened to just "DIO" and written in all caps as well and writing it consistently in English letters even in Japanese printings, changing the shoutout to Ronnie James Dio's band, also named "DIO." His gained Stand is named The World, after the namesake tarot card.
In the manga version of the scene where Joseph uses Hermit Purple on a tv to get a message from randomized channels, Doraemon and The Godfather are among the shows displayed. The anime removes the references, but still shows a character asking where "Michael" is.
Episode 8 of the Stardust Crusaders anime has cameos of Lupin and Jigen when the party enters the hotel.
Episode 12 appears to have a nod to Part 4 in one shot: when it shows the outside of the hospital Joseph is escaping from, the Morioh town M logo can be seen.
Diamond Is Unbreakable
Josuke Higashikata's stand: Crazy Diamond. All Star Battle's English release changes it to "Shining Diamond" which retains the reference, though on a more subtle level.
Anjuro "Angelo" Katajiri's name is inspired by D'Angelo.
Koichi Hirose's stand: Echoes. Koichi also looks like SS2 Gohan, while Echoes Act 3 looks like Cell.
While Jotaro and Josuke are searching for a rat, they come across a large clump of rats in a cube made of the rat's own meat. Jotaro pokes it with a stick, to see what it is. Josuke claims that he poked it in the same way Arale pokes a piece of poop with a stick.
When Jotaro first annonced they were looking for a rat stand user, Josuke immediately thinks of Mickey Mouse.
When Rohan meets Kinoto and is curious about why he doesn't want people to look at his back, Rohan's reminded of Duke Togo from Golgo 13.
A flashback to Valentine's childhood involves him receiving a handkerchief that belonged to his late father, who hid it on his person while being tortured as a prisoner of war. With the exception of where the handkerchief was hidden, it's practically a shot-for-shot remake of the famous watch scene in Pulp Fiction.