Landmark comic VarietyShow hosted by folk-music duo The Smothers Brothers (Tom and Dick Smothers), which ran on Creator/{{CBS}} from 1967-69.

Debuting in February 1967 as a sacrificial lamb of a production against Creator/{{NBC}}'s powerhouse ''Series/{{Bonanza}}'' on Sunday nights, the ''Comedy Hour'' soon became an outstanding hit that appealed increasingly across the demographics, but especially youth audiences who found it appealed especially to them.

Part of that appeal was a wry sense of humor that not only played on the Brothers' usual playful SiblingRivalry musical shtick, but also to its increasingly fearless political satirical humor along with as much ribald humor as they could get away with with great writers like Creator/SteveMartin. The former was especially apparent in Pat Paulsen's editorials, which eventually led to a mock presidential election bid in 1968.

The show was also noted for its musical guests, which included not only Hollywood stalwarts like Jimmy Durante, but wild rock acts like Music/TheWho and Music/TheDoors. As such, the show gained such clout that it was able to make moves like breaking the blacklist on the noted folk singer Pete Seeger, getting the first American screening of Franchise/TheBeatles' MusicVideo of their all-time biggest hit single "Hey Jude", and even staff writer Mason Williams got ADayInTheLimelight debuting the hit guitar instrumental "Classical Gas".

Unfortunately, this innovative and contemporary comedy and music all too often had to be hard won against CBS' ExecutiveMeddling over the show's content. For instance, while the execs were okay with Seeger being on TV, his new ProtestSong "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy" was not and the Brothers had to fight to eventually get it on the air in a later broadcast. Eventually, the show and network were butting heads continually, with Tom Smothers being more brazen and stubborn and the network execs receiving complaints both from [[UsefulNotes/RichardNixon the President of the United States himself]] and rural-oriented affiliates. Further, the show's good ratings had less sway with CBS than they would've had with a lower-rated network (and those ratings were beginning to fall anyway, due to the controversy and in competition with ''RowanAndMartinsLaughIn'' on NBC).

Eventually, however, the execs lost all patience and abruptly pulled the show in June 1969. The Brothers subsequently sued the network for breach of contract (which was eventually ruled in their favor in 1973), but their peak time of cultural influence was over. Still, the Brothers had set a precedent for political satire, daring humor that later shows like NBC's ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' would take much further.

Not to be confused with ''The Smothers Brothers Show'', a FantasticComedy aired during the 1965-66 season, which had Tom playing Dick's GuardianAngel. The show was notable not only for being CBS' last black-and-white sitcom, but also for Tom fighting with production execs for creative control (since, per him, the show didn't play to the Brothers' strengths).
!!This series provides examples of:
* DraftDodging: One of the Brothers' more notorious musical numbers was a great cover of "The Draft Dodger Rag" with George Segal, with glorious three-part harmony.
* RockersSmashGuitars: The Who did plenty of that on their appearance in 1967, including smashing a prop guitar from Tom and Tom jokingly asking Dick if the band could have his double bass for a minute.
* TakeThat: The Brothers' on-air jabs against network censorship were notorious.
* {{Uncancelled}}: The Brothers came back for a short-lived series in 1975, two NBC specials in 1980, and a CBS series in the 1988-89 season.
** The pilot of the late-1980s run featured the Brothers in a helicopter on their way to do their first show. Dick is worried that CBS holds a grudge against them, when Tom reassures him that everything has been forgiven between them and the network. Then sharpshooters on the roof of Television City start trying to take the copter down...
* VarietyShow