Leonardo is a CBBC series about a teenage Leonardo da Vinci.It's set in 1467 Florence, where young Leo is an apprentice artist, and spends his spare time designing fantastic machines and hanging out with Lovable Rogue Niccolo "Mac" Machiavelli and Lonely Rich Kid Lorenzo de' Medici. In the first episode they meet Tomaso, who also wants to be an artist.However, a sinister society has discovered Leo's mechanical designs. This group tricks Tom into stealing Leo's notebooks, wanting to create war machines that will let them overthrow the Duke of Florence. Leo and his friends (including Tom, who turns out to be a girl called Lisa) have to stop them, unaware that they're led by Lorenzo's father.A second season began in September 2012, in which Piero's schemes see Florence approach war with Milan.
This show contains examples of:
All Part of the Show: In "Diabolical Acts" Nazario tries this when Leo announces he's a thief on stage.
Anachronism Stew. Mostly Leo's ahead-of-their-time inventions, but also moments like Lorenzo wishing the strolling players in "Diabolical Acts" would put on a Pantomime, which just about works if you assume he means Commedia dell'Arte until he says "At a panto we can shout 'He's behind you!' and 'Oh no, it isn't!'", putting it firmly in the 19th century British tradition.
Arranged Marriage: Lisa is escaping one. In "Something Wicked", moneylender Lucio Zengari is marrying a woman in exchange for not sending her father to debtor's prison. And in "The Betrothal Ball", as the title suggests, Lorenzo's engagement to the daughter of the Duke of Pisa is announced, much to his horror.
Batman Gambit: Piero seems fond of these. The final two episodes of the first season both have Leonardo believing Piero plans to kill the Duke, only to learn his real plan is more convoluted, and Leo's own actions have played into it. In the opening two-parter of the second season, he does the same with Lorenzo.
Beneath Notice: In "Dogs of War", Tom discovers none of the apprentices are allowed in the workshop where the superweapon is being built. Lisa, however, can easily get in by carrying a mop and bucket.
Berserk Button: Don't tell Leo you've sold the Mona Lisa when he thinks it's not finished.
The Beard: In "Lost and Found", Lisa tries to convince her mother she's married to Mac.
Big Eater: Angelina, who goes to an expensive restaurant with Mac and basically orders the entire menu. This is at least partly to wind up Mac, who she knows has been paid to take her off Lorenzo's hands, and who will be cleaned out by the bill, but she does eat it all.
Brick Joke: Halfway through "Hitched", the gang blag their way into a convent by pretending to be ratcatchers, and saying the nuns have to stay in the belltower until they're finished. In the final scene (which must be at least a day later) Leo asks Mac what the nuns said when he told them they could come down, and Mac replies "The nuns? Oh no..."
Chase Scene: "Wing and a Prayer" has Mac on the run from a nobleman he sold a fake gold chain to. Instead of a Fruit Cart or Sheet of Glass, they get blocked by Leo and Lisa carrying Leo's glider wings.
Verrocchio: I'm never going to hear the end of this...
Dark Horse Victory: The painting contest in "Angels and Cherubs" presented as all about Leo and Michelangelo. The winner is "Tomaso".
Death Equals Redemption: At the end of "The Fugitive" Placidi, battered to death by a mob and abandoned by Piero, decides to tell Leo everything before he dies. As it turns out in "Dogs of War" he's Only Mostly Dead, and manages to explain it all to Lorenzo as well. And by the end he's made a full recovery.
Duel to the Death: In "By The Sword", Tom is outraged by a professional fencer's arrogance, and challenges him to a duel. She's taken a bit aback when he suddenly says that "to make it interesting", they'll use real swords, not practice ones.
Eats Babies: One of the lies being spread about the Milanese in the run-up to the war.
The Fagin: Mac is the "good" version, and not much older than the kids who work for him.
For Science!: Leo creates for the sake of creating, and is enthusiastic about everything. When Piero makes his pitch for Leo to join him it's not We Can Rule Together, it's "Wouldn't you like to see your inventions in action?"
In "Dogs of War", when Leo's superweapon fails to wipe out Leo and Mac, Leo stares at it and says "It didn't work!" An incredulous Mac asks "Are you disappointed?
Frameup: The opening episode of Season 2, "Framed" has Piero frame Verocchio for murder to get revenge on Leo.
Leo needs a bird of prey to study. Lorenzo casually mentions that his dad has just got a falcon.
Lorenzo: The most expensive bird in all of Florence, cost a fortune ... (notices Leo's Cheshire Cat Grin) Oh, no! Absolutely no way. I know what you're thinking and no way! He'd skin me alive! He'd feed me to the fishes! There's absolutely no way I'm doing it.
Gilligan Cut to Lorenzo creeping into his father's study in the middle of the night.
At the end of "Cat and Mouse", Lorenzo suddenly realises his parents are due home, and Mac says there's no way he's helping to tidy the palace. Cut to...
And again in "Hitched" when Mac says "No way. Never. Not in a million years" to dressing as a nun.
Go Through Me: Tomas, Mac and Lorenzo all stand in front of Leo when Rocco has him declared a traitor and wants him shot.
In "The Mask of Death" Leonardo tells the Medici family doctor that he suspects the Duke was poisoned, hoping for a post mortem. The doctor replies "And you've told no-one else of this? Good, keep it that way." And then, of course, we cut to him telling Piero "He'll find out I gave you the poison! We'll all be exposed!" Unfortunately for Dr Pentageli, Piero decides he's more disposable than Leo is.
Hard Work Montage: Veruccio and Leonardo painting a fake cell wall with bent window bars in "Perspective".
He-Man Woman Hater: Lorenzo is a bit like this, constantly having to amend his comments about girls not to include Lisa. In one episode he claims that making up excuses to avoid going on dates is his hobby.
Historical In-Joke: In "Something Wicked", Leo's Batman Gambit involves pretending that he creates copies of stolen paintings and sells them to people who think they're getting the original — exactly what happened when the Mona Lisa was stolen in 1911.
Hoist by His Own Petard: Alberto, who's been inciting hatred against the Milanese in "The Fugitive", gets attacked by his own mob when Mac puts up some posters claiming he's a double agent.
Honor Before Reason: Much to Piero's horror Rocco believes war with Milan is inevitable, but wants to lead the charge personally, armed with a sword. When Piero tries to explain that this will result in him, and most of the Florentine army, being killed, he replies it would be a glorious death.
How We Got Here: "The Dogs of War" begins with Rocco having Piero arrested for treason. Then the action rewinds to the end of the previous episode. They do the rewind thing again halfway through to explain how Lorenzo knows his father's a villain. And again near the end to explain what Tom's been up to.
Hypocritical Humour: In "Enter the Robot", a man comes running down the street screaming. Mac comments "Probably seen a three-legged dog. You know what these peasants are like; still living in the DarkAges." When Mac actualy sees the mechanical man the peasant was running from, his reaction is "Run! Run! It's a demon!"
I Am One of Those Too: When Lisa poses as a Neopolitan princess in "Hitched", she has a nasty moment when Signora de'Medici asks about her close friends in Naples. She gets out of it by saying she has no interest in mere countesses.
It Works Better with Bullets: In "Dogs of War", Piero aims the superweapon's cannon at Leo, Mac and Rocco, presses the trigger, and nothing happens. At which point Tom casually wanders up carrying the flint (the Renaissance equivalent of removing the firing pin).
Michelangelo: Have you heard the rumours? They're saying you're going to win. Everyone loves an underdog story. I find underdog stories incredibly tedious, so I've decided I'm going to win.
Love Triangle: Mac loves Lisa, who loves Leo, who is Oblivious to Love. As of "Stupid Cupid", Mac and Angelina have feelings for each other. Which would be fine because Lorenzo doesn't even like her much, except for the political ramifications.
Maybe Magic, Maybe Mundane: "Time Waits" involved an incredibly accurate (but backwards) pocket watch that both Leo and Piero believe allows Time Travel. A scene near the end suggests they may be right.
Mistaken Identity: In "The Betrothal Ball", Lisa and Angelina are wearing identical dresses and masks. Lorenzo has insisted he and Leo wear matching outfits, and at one point they swap masks. Every possible point of confusion is covered, first Played for Laughs (as Mac agonises to "Lorenzo" about how Lisa loves Leo, and Leo asks "Lisa" about it) and then Played for Drama (when Lisa gets kidnapped instead of Angelica.)
Leo's dad appears in the opening two parter of season 2, and turns out to be an Amoral Attorney. He cares for Leo, but doesn't understand him, and won't believe Piero is evil. Also, he's getting married, and never actually told his fiance he has a son.
Pet the Dog: Several episodes show that however ruthless Piero may be in his desire to rule Florence, he does genuinely care about his son.
Recursive Cross Dressing: When "Tomaso" considers auditioning for the play in "Diabolical Acts", Leo says not to try for a girl's part because "you can't be a girl playing a boy playing a girl, it's too confusing". In the end, she does, when they both take offence at Nazario's claim that Leo would make a better girl.
Revealing Injury: In "The Lighning Box", Lorenzo tells Leo that someone tries to steal the titular "lightning box", but his father's guards put an arrow in the man's leg. Cut to Mac's old friend Carlo bandaging his leg.
Shout-Out: Obviously, the episode where the Luminari realise they can't read Leo's notebooks has to be called "Da Vinci's Code".
A Simple Plan: Leo's plan to get Lorenzo out of his wedding. It starts simple enough: make Piero believe there's a better match to be had, and by the time he finds out otherwise the wedding will already be cancelled. Too bad it never occured to him Lorenzo's mother might want to meet the potential bride...
Stealth Hi/Bye: Scarpa, the assassin in "The Mask of Death", is fond of these.
Stepford Smiler: Lorenzo's mother. Probably a Type B, but we haven't seen the mask crack sufficiently to be sure.
Stern Teacher: Verrocchio, Leo's master. (The way the apprentice system works, he's closer to a teacher than a Benevolent Boss, but has elements of both.) He's shown to genuinely care about his apprentices, but he'd appreciate it if they didn't spend their time building ridiculous devices when they're supposed to be learning to paint.
Tank Goodness: Leo's superweapon: a heavily-armored, man-powered cart with a turret-mounted cannon.
The Password Is Always Swordfish: Piero has a clockpunk security system involving numbered levers ... and has it programmed with his birthday. And then changes it to Lorenzo's birthday. Amusingly, such devices are apparently common enough that Mac says "It's almost always that."
Tomboy and Girly Girl: Lisa/Tom (appropriately enough) and Angelina are becoming this, most obviously in "By The Sword".
Lisa: Didn't it make you angry? Being told girls shouldn't fence!
Angelina: Well, they shouldn't really, should they? All that violence and agression. It's not in our nature, is it?
Treasure Map: In "Dragon Hunt", complete with cryptic clues and having to track down different bits of the map.
The Vamp: Lorenzo's cousin Valentina de' Medici, who says boys are "all gullible fools".
Welcome Back, Traitor: In the final episode of the first season Lorenzo discovers his father's plans, but is convinced they're for the good of the city. He therefore turns agains Leo and his friends. In Season 2 after spending the opening two-parter alternately moping about and fantasising about killing his friends, he learns they were right, but also believes his father has reformed. He therefore wants everything to go back to how it was, which happens in the third episode.
Wham Episode: At the end of "Dragon Hunt" Piero finally kills the Duke.
The Wise Prince: The Duke of Florence. His cousin Piero de' Medici would disagree.
Piero: He's taken to walking through the streets, listening to his citizens and any old riff-raff! Imbecile! If that isn't asking to be assassinated, I don't know what is!
Xanatos Gambit: While Piero is the master of the Batman Gambit, "Dogs of War" reveals that even if that goes wrong, he's still got a plan.
Piero: Maybe we're not so alike after all. You make plans. I make plans within plans.
You Have Outlived Your Usefulness: Happens to Professor Pico in "Da Vinci's Code", and to Dr Pentageli and Scarpa in "The Mask of Death". Scarpa's last words are to ask his killer how long it'll be before Piero decides he's outlived his usefulness too. Five episodes, as it turns out.
You Have to Believe Me: Leo at the end of "Fireball", when he tries to convince the Duke that Piero plans to assassinate him. And again in "Perspective" when he tries to tell his father.