Sci Fi Writers Have / No Sense of Velocity
Sometimes it's the character's faultnote 

Sci-fi writers cannot find velocity.
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    Anime and Manga 
  • Space Battleship Yamato:
    • The Earth see the approach of the Comet Empire, even though it's light years away and the light from it wouldn't reach us yet. Also, the Comet Empire is the size of a small planet — big, but not big enough to be seen at that distance anyway.
    • In the Americanization, Star Blazers, the newly launched Argo makes its first hyperspace jumps, traveling light years from Earth to Mars. Must have been a bit of a detour involved.
    • In order to save the Earth, the Argo needs to travel about 300,000 light years round-trip to Iscandar and back within a year. It takes the ship about a week to reach Pluto, 4.5 light hours away from the sun. Yep, we're screwed.
  • Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann:
    • The final battle against the Anti-Spiral and the eponymous mech takes place on a scale so huge entire galaxies are visible in single shots, and any movement is far beyond light-speed. By that point in the series, physics have been ground to a fine powder.
    • At least in the movie, the final battle is mentioned to take place in a pocket universe that can be shaped with Spiral Power, so the laws of physics as we know them(and scale, for that matter, seeing how you have a mecha with a visible planet on its head throwing a galaxy at another mecha while standing on a much bigger galaxy) need not to apply.
  • In Dragon Ball Z, the original Funimation English dub had a Dub-Induced Plot Hole because of this: Goku learns to teleport himself in such a manner that he claims to move at the speed of light. He states that he could have used this technique to get to Earth faster than with his ship, if he thought it was necessary. He was traveling on that ship from a planet millions of light years away. That trip took 3 years. In short, his teleport ability is millions of times slower than his ship was. The original script (and later events in the franchise) make it clear that Instant Transmission is exactly what it sounds like: instantaneous. The only limiting factor on distance is how well Goku can "sense" a source of ki at his destination.
  • In Neon Genesis Evangelion, Second Impact is said to have been caused by a meteor hitting Antarctica at near the speed of light. Putting aside the question of how a meteor would ever attain such speeds in the first place, a meteor going that fast would probably have shattered the whole planet, not just caused a bunch of weather cataclysms. Of course, this is probably justified as the meteor story is just a cover to placate the masses, and hide the fact that Second Impact was actually cased by SEELE messing around with Adam.

    Comic Books 
  • Any time you are dealing with a speedster like The Flash, the laws of drama beat up the laws of physics and take their lunch money.
    • The Flash's writers eventually gave up trying to apply science to the Scarlet Speedster, and introduced the magical Speed Force.
    • Even given the assumption that the Flash can move at an arbitrarily high velocity without any unintended side effects, most of his adventures still don't make any sense, because otherwise he would be able to defeat any villain before they had time to react (one of the early Wally West issues had a character observe that a normal human having a fight with Wally would be the equivalent of a normal human having a fight with an oil painting - and this was at a time when Wally's top speed was "only" the speed of sound). The laws of drama make him absurdly fast at some times and absurdly slow at others.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • In Deep Impact, the spaceship in Earth orbit maneuvers down a fissure in the asteroid to detonate at the asteroid's core. The ship starts off (to a good enough approximation compared to the other velocities) stationary relative to the Earth, so the ship/asteroid relative velocity is similar to the Earth/asteroid relative velocity. The Earth/asteroid relative velocity can't be less than the Earth escape velocity (11 kms) and is more likely on the order of the Earth's orbital velocity (30 kms). So they're navigating down that narrow fissure at something between 10 and 40 kms....
    • Then again, the space ship in question did have an Orion Drive, which can produce an insane amount of thrust.
  • Starship Troopers once again shines through with a huge asteroid passing a battleship vastly distant from Earth, with the same asteroid striking the Earth mere hours later. To add insult to injury, the battleship was also moving towards the asteroid, yet the asteroid seems to slowly pass by happily ripping off a section of the ship as it does so - suggesting the ship is, in fact, flying backwards at a velocity very close to but slightly slower than the asteroid.
  • Parodied in Spaceballs:
    Colonel Sandurz: Prepare ship for light speed.
    Dark Helmet: No, no, no. Light speed is too slow!
    Colonel Sandurz: Light speed too slow?
    Dark Helmet: Yes. We're going to have to go right to...ludicrous speed!
    Colonel Sandurz: Ludicrous Speed? Sir, we've never gone that fast before...I don't know if the ship can take it.
    Dark Helmet: What's the matter, Colonel Sandurz? Chicken?
    • Also, when he said "Light speed too slow?!" it didn't sound like a joke, like an obvious idiot saying something like that when of course light speed is nothing when it comes to interstellar travel; the situation is that they were chasing a particularly fast ship and the punchline is pretty much that there's a setting called Ludicrous Speed that takes you from stars zipping by to plaid.
  • In just every work involving an Asteroid Thicket, spaceships are seen passing rocks at relative speeds that would be about right for seagoing vessels passing an island. If there is a chase inside this asteroid field, it looks like a downtown car chase (or jetplane chase, if you're generous). In reality, even with today's technology, flybys are measured in dozens of kilometers per second.
  • In The Empire Strikes Back, near the end, the characters are looking out the side of a ship while watching some stellar object. The object has been identified by various sources as the Galaxy. However, if this was true, then given that the stellar object was visibly spinning, the Galaxy must therefore be spinning faster than the speed of light. The 2004 Blu-Ray commentary has either retconned or clarified that the object in question was a stellar nebula instead.
  • In the Soviet two-part film Moscow — Cassiopeia, the ZARYa is supposed to be a relativistic ship crewed by teens whose journey is expected to take decades even from their viewpoint. And yet, in a matter of hours, the ship gets close to Proxima Centauri, which is about 4.24 lightyears away. Given that they engage in real-time communication with Earth, their speed can't be a high percentage of the speed of light, meaning it should take many years before they can get close to another star. Then again, the movie isn't really trying to be hard sci-fi, given that IOO pretty much breaks every law of physics we know.
  • Star Trek:
    • In Star Trek: The Motion Picture the Enterprise has left space dock and is on its way to intercept V'Ger. It heads away from Earth and, moving at only sublight speed, manages to pass Jupiter only a few moments after leaving Earth orbit. It also started the tradition of showing stars streaming past the window whenever they were at warp speed. Even at the movie-Enterprise's maximum safe cruising speed of warp 6 (TOS scale), they'd still only be going 216 times the speed of light, too slow for distant stars zip past in a matter of seconds as shown. Some fans explains that these aren't stars but dust particles that interact with the warp field.
    • Star Trek Into Darkness: Two ships battle in warp space, one knocking the other out. At this point they are 250,000 miles from Earth, as pointed out by dialogue. This is really close to the Earth for either ship to have still been in warp, even battling the way they were. One of their computers would have been alerting the crew that they were near home. It's kind of like driving at 100 miles per hour and stopping on a dime an inch from your house.

  • Justified in Animorphs where travel through Zero Space is explicitly stated to be relatively random, where the same distance can take either hours or months, depending on how Zero Space shifted.
  • In Tunnel in the Sky, two teenagers notice a new visible star above the alien world they're stranded on, and conclude that they've just witnessed a nova. At the book's end, it's revealed a nova is what interfered with their Cool Gate back to Earth. If it's the same nova — which is strongly implied; indeed, the chapter where they see it is titled "The Nova", and it reads like a Chekhov's Gun — then the boys shouldn't have been able to see its light until years after it happened.
  • Overlapping with Distance, there's an essay out there that analyzes the Threadfighting tactics in the Dragonriders of Pern stories. It concludes that in order for the tactics described to work against the Threadfall patterns described, either the dragons must be flying at barely-subsonic velocities, Thread is drifting downward somewhat slower than a falling leaf, or the dragons are emitting gouts of flame better than half a mile long.
  • In E. E. “Doc” Smith's The Skylark of Space, the titular Skylark accelerates to 3 times the speed of light in the space of 20 minutes, knocking its inhabitants unconscious. While Smith acknowledges that this violates Einstein's universal speed limit, he fails to acknowledge what such an extreme acceleration (about 75,000 G's) would do to a human crew.
  • Star Carrier: Earth Strike describes the railgun cruiser Kinkaid's spinal mount as accelerating a slug at 500 gravities down a 1 kilometer barrel. This results in a muzzle velocity of about 3.1 kilometers per second, only about four times the muzzle velocity of the average Real Life assault rifle. At that speed it would take a very large, very heavy slug to do much damage (at least, damage noticeable to ships that regularly weather hits by 10 kiloton nukes), which sort of defeats the purpose of using a railgun that long (real railguns have achieved 2.4 km/s with a much shorter barrel).
  • In Perry Rhodan, the maximum acceleration for spaceships is 500km/s/s, however full power is needed for multiple seconds to minutes to slow down in the atmosphere. This alone shouldn't be a problem for a ship just coming in on a 400km/s/s brachistone from Jupiter, but ships also use 'braking orbits' to slow down from interplanetary speeds. These should provide about 1/1000 seconds worth of acceleration, and the speeds afterwards would mean for landing one only needs about 11/500 seconds of thrusting, assuming the defense screens can survive a fall into the atmosphere at orbital velocity.
    • Justified in some issues by saying the ships use different engines for out and in atmosphere maneuvering to prevent turning the whole spaceport and surrounding city into slag.

    Live Action TV 
  • The Star Trek franchise is such a frequent violator of this rule, even within their own rules, that the Memory Alpha wiki has a list of numerous contradictory values for the speeds of various warp factors, as well as a lengthy discussion of the various rules-of-thumb and Hand Waves employed over the last 50 years.
    • The USS Enterprise in Star Trek: The Original Series traveled to the edge of the galaxy (in "Where No Man Has Gone Before" and "By Any Other Name") and to the center of the galaxy (in Star Trek V) in the space of a single episode. The trip from one galaxy to another would take about 300 years (though the trip would be made with the modifications of extra-galactic aliens who had engines that were better than the Federation's). Yet in Star Trek: Voyager, when ships were about 2-4 times faster, the estimated travel time to Earth from the opposite side of the galaxy was upwards of 70 years.
      • Several episodes of original Trek have the Enterprise departing the planet-of-the-week at Warp Factor 1. This would mean they're travelling at the speed of light. At that rate, it would take them years just to get to the nearest neighboring star system. (Perhaps Kirk cranks it up to warp 6 once they're past the asteropause.)
    • By the time of Star Trek: The Next Generation, a Warp Speed scale was firmly established by Paramount, where a speed of Warp X (below Warp 9) meant the ship was travelling at X^3.3333... times the speed of light. This makes Warp 1 equal to light speed, Warp 2 just a hair over 10 times the speed of light, and Warp 9 a little more than 1500 times light speed. Yet in the episode "Where Silence Has Lease", the Enterprise traverses the 1.3 parsec distance to the edge of a giant space cloud at Warp 2 in about 30 seconds.
    • This was also completely abandoned by Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, where traveling anywhere invariably took about half a day. Runabouts (established as having a top speed of warp five) seemed to be able to reach Earth, Cardassia, and various other locations in the same short amount of time (while the distances aren't given, that would put both the Federation and Cardassian capitals within two light years of each other at most). On another occasion, a runabout travels to a planet given as five light years away in a few hours (it should take over a week).
    • Many episodes of Star Trek: Voyager also have the ship traveling at sublight for extended periods of time. This is no particular reason for a ship that's trying to get home in under 7 years to travel at sublight. In fact, they may as well be standing still (to any stellar body nearby).
    • In Star Trek: Enterprise, the Klingon homeworld is several days' travel from Earth, which would put the two empires right on top of each other, given the increases in cruising speed in the other incarnations of the franchise. (Though one interesting exception: in the first episode of Star Trek: Enterprise, Trip describes the ship's top speed in terms of how long it would take to travel to Jupiter and back, and he's exactly right, based on conventional estimates of how warp factors work). In fact if you use those same calculations, the Klingon home planet would be two and a half lightyears from Earth; the nearest star to us in Real Life is four and a half. Missed it by that much. Which is, really, still a big distance in conventional terms, but isn't that much in terms of space.
    • The fastest velocity ever mentioned in any Star Trek show or supplementary materials is warp factor 9.9999, which is stated as being the speed of subspace radio signals. This is quoted in supplementary materials as being equivalent to 199,516c (199516 * the speed of light), which admittedly sounds very impressive. Indeed, in the show, subspace communications are often shown as being instantaneous, or with a minimal delay over much longer distances. However 199,516c equates to almost exactly 500AU/s (1AU = Earth-Sun distance). Put this velocity into any interactive starscape, such as for example SpaceEngine and set a course for our nearest neighbouring star system (Alpha Centauri, 4.3 light years), and how long does it take to fly there at that velocity? 11.5 minutes. Fast, yes, but certainly not instantaneous. And that's only for the very nearest star...
    • Depending on the Writer and how badly they feel like contradicting themselves some more, "impulse" might mean anything from real-world rocket engines to a weaker secondary FTL drive (although one possible handwave is that it may be a generic term in-universe). Some episodes have ships travelling at FTL speeds on impulse power without explanation.
  • Space: 1999 comes through again by having characters track the approach of faster-than-light craft optically, and by allowing floating space rubble, conventional rockets, alien spacecraft, and a moon hurtling interstellar distances in days to be in range of each other for exactly as long as the plot demands.
  • In Babylon 5 hyperspace travel is, as per the DVD commentaries, done at the speed of plot. For example, it takes 3 days to get from Babylon 5 to Earth, which is about 14 light-years away. It also takes 3 days to get from Babylon 5 to Z'ha'dum, which is about 20,000 light-years away. It's explained that Hyperspace travel doesn't necessarily translate linearly. Which might explain why no one on the show ever says how far away something is, only how long it will take to get there, although the titular station is stated to be in the Epsilon Eridani system (10.5 light years from Earth).
  • Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis zig zag this trope. One the one hand, the Daedalus is able to reach Atlantis for the first season finale in about three days while powered by a ZPM. The Pegasus Galaxy (assuming the one in the series is the Pegasus Irregular Dwarf Galaxy in Real Life as is implied) is 3 million lightyears from the Milky Way. That's a speed 365 million times the speed of light. It's also mentioned that the trip would take about 2 weeks without the ZPM. That's about 78 million times the speed of light. Taken by themselves, these don't seem horrifically unreasonable. The universe runs on MORE POWER!. The problem comes when one considers that it usually takes them a few days to get any where in the galaxy. At the aforementioned speeds, they could traverse the entire observable universe in and 55 and 255 years, respectively. So either they normally run their engines far below their capacity, or it's this trope.
    • Or they simply don't have the juice. ZP Ms are vanishingly rare, can't be recharged, are unstable, are ten thousand years old, and everybody wants them. Most of the series has a search for more ZP Ms as a sub-plot.

    Tabletop Games 
  • Warhammer 40,000:
    • Handwaved in, where the chaotic nature of the Warp means that the same trip can take vastly different amounts of time. We have at least one example of a ship arriving quite some time before it left, and another of a vessel arriving at its destination millennia after it was supposed to arrive, though the crew seemed to believe it took only a couple of months. When your hyperspace is made of illogical thought, it's no wonder there's a bit of variation in travel times. In one case this is used for some dark humor. A crew of a ship responding to a distress signal travels through the warp ending up being attacked by demons. They proceed to send out a distress signal... which is sent back in time due to the anomalies in the warp, the very signal that they themselves responded to.
    • 40K also came up with a nice solution for the Necrons: the Inertialess Drive. It makes the ship unbound by inertia, allowing it to almost instantly (the time it takes for the drive to activate) accelerate to a practically infinite velocity, then immediately come to a stop. Necron phase technology would prevent them from crashing into anything, and the precision of their machinery (their weapons, for example, are crafted atom by atom, as an idea of how precise Necrons are) would ensure they don't go waaaay too far, out past the galaxy.
  • Nova Praxis claims that rail guns and coil guns in the setting fire projectiles at 18000 feet per second. This is almost 5500 meters— per second. Even assuming that a bazooka-sized gun shooting a BB-sized projectile at such a speed would put the recoil at near 7500 Newtons; plenty enough to crush any bones in the way if not completely dismember your arm. Ironically, that's the least of your worries since friction from the air would heat your BB up to five times the surface temperature of the sun, forming a quickly mushrooming cloud of burning plasma in its wake. The person shooting such a gun would surely be killed in a very quick and horrible manner. The target has a much better chance of surviving as the shooter might have missed.

    Video Games 
  • In System Shock 2, it's discovered that a piece of the space station which was jettisoned by the player in the first game has crashed on a planet in the Tau Ceti system - crossing a distance of 12 light-years in a mere 30 years. This would require the ejection charges to have kicked the module loose at about half the speed of light. Even if you can accept that that happened, this would have resulted in the module slamming into a planet at half the speed of light, which is more than enough velocity to disintegrate the entire thing on impact.
  • Ratchet & Clank Future: A Crack In Time has the titular heroes caught by Dr. Nefarious and propelled off his space station on a catapult-like device to their assumed deaths. They awaken on a planet "hours later". A large catapult is not likely to propel anyone to fast enough speeds to reach a planet outside presumed detection range without turning them into paste. Also may qualify as a Distance example.
    • When comparing the distances and sizes of moons and planets in Crack in Time, this makes considerable sense. In R&C, the planets and moons really are that close together.
  • The X-Universe series has a particularly egregious example in which each individual map is at most two hundred kilometers across, and as little as tens of kilometers in the original Beyond the Frontier — almost comically small by astronomical standards — yet your ship requires a Time Dilation device to travel between locations on the same map in a reasonable amount of time. Unless the kilometer was redefined at some point, this suggests spaceships in the game are far, far slower than they have any right to be — raising the interesting question of how any of the spacefaring races actually managed to become spacefaring races when they don't seem to have any ships that come anywhere near escape velocity for a planet with a mass similar to Earth. For added fun, the ships we actually see entering and exiting planetary atmospheres in the series are TL-class large transports, of which the absolute fastest in the series, tuned for maximum speed, can go about 1,000 kmh, and which are more typically in the 200-400 kmh range. For comparison, the Space Shuttle moves at 7,743 m/s (27,870 kmh or 17,320 mph). Spaceships in the X-Universe traveling at Earth-bound speeds would take DECADES, if not, CENTURIES to move from one place to another in outer space; in other words, this is laughably sluggish by Real Life outer space standards, and if Newtonian physics were to come into play, these ships would be rendered entirely and legitimately unfit for space-worthiness (and it isn't just limited to velocity alone; see the other entries of how the series fall under these ludicrous contrarinesses of mathematics). Apparently, the developers were confused about how actual velocity works in outer space, and decided to make Earth-bound velocity work like it does on everyday vehicles.
  • X Rebirth has ships that move roughly at the same speed as before, but a completely reworked map system makes the screwy velocities less silly. The game uses explicit solar systems, with sectors being in orbit around different planets while zones (equivalent to the sectors of previous games) connect points-of-interest. Highways connecting the zones accelerate ships to several kilometers per second, and the Super Highways that connect planets accelerate ships past the speed of light.
  • Star Ruler: You can travel faster than light on raw engine power alone, no Phlebotinum handwave provided. Lasers also remain hitscan even as their effective range becomes measurable in AU, which means that they are travelling FTL as well. However, the rest of the game generally is relatively "hard", but can go into Misaimed Realism when one has high-tech ships such as the aforementioned FTL lasers.
  • In Evochron Mercenary, it's possible to see a galaxy. The galaxy is rotating at about the same visible speed as a carousel, meaning that it is rotating at several hundred billion times the speed of light. Ships in the game are capped at 10000 meters per second in the X, Y, and Z plane.
  • A Mass Effect example caused by a minor continuity error: In the War Assets for Mass Effect 3, the Turian Spec Ops Team's entry mentions they came from a turian colony world named Taetrus where their home city of Vallum was destroyed by a terrorist ship ramming it at FTL speeds. The energy release from a ship impacting at such speeds would do tremendous damage, possibly destroying the entire planet depending on velocity. However, the larger story surrounding Taetrus' civil war and the Vallum blast was detailed in the Cerberus Daily News series (a collection of daily news snippets released between Mass Effect 2 and Mass Effect 3) which specified that the ship was not traveling at faster than light speeds and in fact only impacted at the speed of a single mass accelerator round.
  • Sonic the Hedgehog has its main protagonist running at the speed of sound (hence the name); for reference, the speed of sound is 1,235 kilometers per hour (or 767 miles per hour, for those of us not metric-savvy), equivalent to Mach 1, and most aircraft need to be specially designed to handle that sort of speed. At that speed, Sonic would be obliterated without protection (which is more than just shoes, of course). Then again, Sonic could have some Bizarre Alien Biology to cope with said pressure... though his lungs would need to be enormous to supply enough oxygen to keep that speed going. It's best not to get worked up with these things, really. At least he's not depicted traveling at the speed of light, which is far, far faster than the speed of sound, and any being traveling at such speeds even when streamlined would instantly turn into paste.
    • Taken Up to Eleven with some of the modern games. Sonic now has attacks that are stated to let him move at light speed and Super Sonic is stated to give him a speed boost on top of this. Sonic Generations in particular has Sonic outright obliterate the laws of physics with him being able to run so fast he can restore the space-time continuum and this is before being granted the speed boost of his aforementioned Super Form.


    Western Animation 
  • In The Magic School Bus episode "Out of this World", the class has to stop an asteroid from hitting the Earth, specifically their school. It takes the whole episode for the asteroid to get close to Earth and that's with Dorothy Ann having tracked it for days prior to the start of the episode. They defeat it by changing its trajectory to Hurl It into the Sun, which it manages to hit within the span of a few seconds. This is Lampshaded in the producer segment ("Our show is less than thirty minutes long, what could we do?")

  • Although this doesn't involve space ships, the roleplaying site Mega Man MUSH once had a memorable example of this in its news files for the various character stats, describing what the specific numbers for each stat would represent. In the news file for the Velocity stat, where 1 signified "less than 5 mph (8 kmh)", 5 meant "60-150 mph (97-241 kmh)", and 9 was specified as "767 mph (1235 kmh)" (the speed of sound), 10 was defined as "escape velocity". Hilarity ensued when someone pointed out exactly how fast escape velocity is: 11.2 kms, or over 40,000 kmh, thus leaving a drastically large gap between ratings 9 and 10.