After Ariel nearly gets the True Love's Kiss required to remain human forever, Ursula exclaims "That little tramp! She's better than I thought..." The second part of the sentence is said in a tone of grudging admiration.
At least the 1989 German version cranks the expression up a bit by translating "tramp" as "Schlampe", which is somewhere between being called a "slut" and being called a "bitch".
Ariel being pretty clearly completely naked from the waist down for at least five minutes of the movie after she gets her legs. Neither she or the others seems to think much of it, until Scuttle tells her that the first thing she needs to do is dress like a human, helps her put a rag over her body, then whistles loudly and tells her how great she looks. Now, imagine how that line would've sounded before she covered herself up...
Ursula has an interesting way of telling Ariel about the "importance of body language" in getting a man's love.
In "Poor Unfortunate Souls": "They weren't kidding when they called me, well, a witch". Flotsam and Jetsam both cackle lightly right when she says this. Guess they got the joke.
Scuttle asking Ariel "New seashells?" Referring to her Seashell Bra.
It's a "blink and you'll miss it" thing, but when Ariel first springs up above the surface, there is a very quick glimpse of light that reveals her naked body as she throws her head back.
There's another blink-and-miss-it shot immediately before that. Shortly after getting her legs, there's a brief clip where you can see her bare ass while she's rising to the surface.
In the Encyclopedia of Disney Characters book, for the entry of this film, the book takes note of Ariel not wearing any clothes when she first becomes human, and identifies this as a "fun fact''. A wonder how they got away with that.
After Ursula sing's the line, "But on the whole I've been a saint, to those poor unfortunate souls!" She uses the plant she first wore as a shawl to vigorously rub her back, shaking her chest as the camera zooms in on it. "Saint" is not the word to be used, in more ways than one.
Milder example in the French version: to translate Ursula's line "They come floating to my cauldrons, crying SPELLS, URSULA PLEASE !", the translators put "Elles débarquent dans me chaudrons en brayant URSULA SAUVE-NOUS !". It literally means "They turn up in my cauldrons, yelling URSULA, SAVE US!", but both the words used for "turning up" and "yelling" are sexual slang terms that aren't very likely to be used in a Disney movie otherwise.
When Ursula is explaining the terms of the deal to Ariel, one of her tentacles casually curls around Ariel's right shoulder. Ariel, with a very uncomfortable look, pushes the tentacle away and watches it warily for a couple of seconds. It's easy to miss, but it makes the whole scene so much creepier.
While trying to get Eric to kiss her, right before he almost does, Ariel gives him a really suggestive look.
Although the song "Kiss the Girl" is of course about kissing, it does have the lyric "You want her! Look at her, you know you do!" Not "you want to kiss her," but "you want her."
Ignoring the Fantastic Racism, King Triton destroying Ariel's grotto of human treasures in order to make her stay away from humans all but qualifies as emotional abuse and psychological blackmail. Even by Disney's standards, that's pretty dark.