Playing With / Unreliable Narrator

Basic Trope: The person telling the story is keeping something from himself/herself and/or others.
  • Straight: You have to sift the narrator's words.
  • Exaggerated: The whole previous story is contradicted by the ending.
  • Downplayed: The narrator has plenty of details, although based on the story it's easy to call into question if the narrator remembered things correctly based on the events that happened beforehand.
  • Justified:
    • The narrator is the murderer, and is actually writing this down.
    • Alternately, the narrator just doesn't have a good memory. Or is insane.
    • The story is the narrator's diary, so naturally the narrator would be picky about what s/he writes down.
    • Bob retells a story about Alice's but keep missing the point because he's not as genre savvy as the reader and unable to read her mind.
  • Inverted:
  • Subverted: The narrator lies, but then a twist comes that proves that he was truthful.
  • Double Subverted: Then another twist comes proving him false.
  • Parodied:
  • Zig Zagged: The narrator tells scene X straight but scene Y dishonestly.
  • Averted: The narrator tells the story straight.
  • Enforced: "This is kind of a lame Twist Ending and everyone will see it coming a country mile off. Unless...I change the narrator character to someone who has a reason to conceal certain facts. Yes, that should do it."
  • Lampshaded: "Yes, my notes skipped over that."
  • Invoked: "It's Lenny the Liar! Tell us how you got that scar, Lenny!"
  • Exploited: Bob wants a story to get out but needs for some details to be concealed so it won't be traced back to him. So he gives it to Lenny the Liar, who will add and subtract bits of the story at random to make himself sound better or to make the tale more interesting.
  • Defied: "Sometimes, storytellers lie. Sometimes they keep things from you in an attempt to screw with your mind. I promise you, dear reader, that I will not do this."
  • Discussed: "When I read Bob's account of events, I bore in mind that he is not known for being very forthcoming."
  • Conversed: "So Alice was keeping that secret throughout the story, and I never even suspected. Did you?"
  • Deconstructed: There are errors and omissions in the narrator's story, but nothing the narrator gets wrong is material.
  • Reconstructed: The narrator makes what seems to make uncritical errors, but the slight changes to the story collectively change something about the message.
  • Played For Laughs: Alice, Bob, and Charlie's recalling of the events are sometimes over the top, portraying everyone else as idiots. Charlie, the Cloudcuckoolander, describes something that looks like a Widget Series, as opposed to Alice and Bob whose narrations are at least plausible.
  • Played For Drama: Alice's recalling of the events is inaccurate because her memories are fading fast, and she has to be reminded of even the most basic parts of the story, including which one is Bob and which one is Charlie.

There may be a link back to Unreliable Narrator, but we've heard these links are less than accurate.