: The author claims that his/her work is factually accurate. It isn't.
- Straight: The author's factual claims are counterfactual.
- Exaggerated: The author's claims of true science and/or history are all the exact opposites of reality.
- Downplayed: The author's factual claims are mostly correct, it's just the tiny, inconsequential details (like what color socks Abraham Lincoln wore when he was assassinated) that are incorrect or unverifiable. They may be an obvious Anachronism Stew, or apparent only to experts.
- Inverted: The author calls factual history an Alternate Universe.
- Subverted: The author's factual claims are only false because of an Unreliable Narrator...
- Double Subverted: ...who turns out to be the designated truth-teller anyway.
- Parodied: A blatant work of Science Fiction featuring space aliens and cyborgs is tagged with a "This book is based on true events" preface at the beginning.
- Zig Zagged: Some factual claims are true, others are not.
- The author is known for playing this trope straight, but this time s/he is right, or does not say more is fact than s/he can honestly say.
- The author does enough research to give the work a grounding in reality, and it's evident in the story that they took the time to do the research.
- The author admits that there are some factual errors in the story, and it's his/her fault. They are either deliberate or the author never checked his/her facts.
- It's a work of fiction with no claims of scientific or historical accuracy.
- The work is written in a country with crimethink laws.
- Alternatively, it touches on an issue where the zeitgeist is hostile to the facts.
- Lampshaded: "And yes, I know Patty Duke was never Pope. Just work with me here.".
- Invoked: The author is sending a coded message; presenting clearly untrue statements as fact jars the reader and alerts him/her that something else is going on.
- Exploited: ???
- "Yes, I know some people claim their history is factual when it is not. But I promise you, the reader, that the history in this book is really true". The author proceeds to give true history in the story.
- Alternately: "I admit up front that this work is largely fictional, and that it should not be taken as a serious historical account. If you want to know the real story, here are some more accurate sources that I used for background."
- Discussed: "Sometimes, man, it feels like the airhead writer is just making it all up as he goes and pretending it works".
- Conversed: "For a story meant to inform, this sure contains a lot of misinformation".
- Implied: Not applicable. (This trope can only be shown.)
- Deconstructed: The work's definition of "facts" is clearly distinct from any sense of truth, leading the reader to walk away in disgust.
- Reconstructed: The reader continues to find it enjoyable as a work of post-modernist parody, even if this was not the author's intention.
- Plotted A Good Waste: The author is actually quite knowledgeable in the field and is doing the errors deliberately. He sets up obscure references that seem accurate but are actually hilariously wrong. Such as references towards The Ace as having the handsomeness, strength, and genius of Charles II of Spain.
This link takes you back to Dan Browned