The first chapter is titled "Romance Dawn". The 601st chapter, which features the Straw Hats finally sailing into the New World, is titled "Romance Dawn for the New World".
Furthermore, the title page for that chapter is based on the title page of chapter 1. And the cover art for the volume containing that chapter is based on the cover art of the first volume, but with the current roster of the Straw Hat Pirates.
In chapter one, Luffy is kidnapped by the bandit Higuma and then almost killed by a Sea King, only to be saved by Shanks. We then see him grow up and use his Gum-Gum Pistol to defeat the Sea King in one hit. Five hundred and twelve chapters later, the Straw Hat crew is effortlessly defeated and scattered by the Pacifista Kuma. After the two year time-skip, in chapter six hundred and one, Luffy defeats a Pacifista in one hit with his Gum-Gum Jet Pistol.
The most impressive example is Silvers Rayleigh, who showed up in two panels in a flashback during chapter nineteen, just long enough to establish that he was an officer in the crew Buggy and Shanks apprenticed on. Exactly four hundred eighty-one chapters later, Rayleigh — a lot older but still easily recognizable as the same guy from the flashback — is introduced as the Right Hand of the Pirate King Gold Roger, meets our heroes, and provides them with an incredibly important Myth Arc-changing revelation.
The victory party the Straw Hat Pirates, Shandorians, and Skypieans throw after Eneru's defeat is the exact same as the one thrown earlier in Upper Yard.
Coby, a timid boy who was Luffy's very first companion, parts ways with him after the first story arc. Much, much later he returns, having grown into a brave and powerful young Marine in the meantime. The two remain good friends despite being on opposite sides of the law.
Remember Ace's goofy misspelled tattoo (ASCE with the S crossed out)? Four-hundred-something chapters later it's revealed that it's actually a tribute to his fallen brother Sabo, who used a crossed-out S as his pirate flag and signature.
In one SBS it was confirmed that even Luffy's manly parts can stretch. Exactly 450 chapters later we have this.
As of chapter 619, we've got a new second place for longest distance between first and second appearance (although that said, it's more like a reminder than anything else). A certain character is mentioned by name by Yosaku, who state that he is responsible for sending Arlong into the East Blue, and never mentioned again. Flash forward 454 chapters, and we meet a kind, easygoing character who almost immediately joins with Luffy to rescue Ace and becomes one of his most powerful allies. The character: Jinbei.
Dracule Mihawk (drawing his smallest sword on Zoro): I'm not dumb enough to use everything I have to hunt a rabbit. Roronoa Zoro(cutting all of Hyouzou's swords): And I even gave you a chance to escape my barrier! Now go bring me the strongest swordsman on Fishman Island! You want to kill me?! You couldn't even kill my boredom!!!
Zoro even throws Mihawks line about the frog in the well at Hyouzou in chapter 646.
Zoro got lost and boarded a pirate ship instead of the fishing boat he was supposed to board, three guesses on how Coby ended up with Gonk Alvida in the first arc, last two don't count.
In chapter 101, we are shown the dangers of the Calm Belt, due to them being home to MASSIVE Sea Kings. In chapter 647, Shirahoshi calls those EXACT Sea Kings.
In the very same chapter (101) we are shown the huge mountainous whale Laboon, who's rammed his head into the red line for 50 years waiting for his comrades to return. Three-hundred-fifty-eight chapters later it is revealed that Brook is the last survivor (although he's dead) of Laboon's comrades
Zoro's zombie does a call-back to his first duel with Mihawk:
Zoro: A scar on the back is a swordsman's shame.
In the very first chapter, Luffy orders some food and promises to pay back later when he finds treasure. He uses the same excuse in chapter 585, leaving a note behind as he and his brothers dine-and-dash.
In the Alabasta Arc, Crocodile captures Luffy, some of his crew, and then-Commander Smoker. In Chapter 673 (roughly 500 chapters later), another evil organization is holding Luffy's crew and Smoker in a cage. Robin even references this nostalgic fact, as she was the one helping Crocodile hold them back in Alabasta.
Chapter 674. A darker example than most. The giant children are hallucinating, and among those hallucinations are... a giant snake and zombies, both of which the Straw Hats have encountered.
Chapter 713 features a comparatively minor callback to the Skypiea saga; an otherwise forbidden kingdom that Usopp and Robin find themselves in hails Montblanc Noland, an explorer who befriended the Shandorians before Jaya was shot into the sky, as an ancient hero. Master liar Usopp buys their lives by persuading them that Noland is his ancestor.
Call to Agriculture: Gan Fall. Once the leader of Skypiea (with his position actually named God). Now a pumpkin farmer.
Calling Your Attacks: In fine Shonen form, though it should be noted that Usopp tends to enjoy subverting this by deliberately miscalling his attacks in order to throw opponents off. As expected from the style, quite a few of the names (especially those quickly made up) tend to be utterly hilarious.
Sanji: Armée de l'Air Gum Shoot!
Averted with Hawkeyes (who's one of the most no-nonsense guys in the series) and Whitebeard (who's probably well past the whimsey age).
Hilariously subverted during the Thriller Bark arc when Luffy's shadow was placed inside Oars. Despite the fact that he isn't in his rubberman body, he still tries to use his special attacks.
Oz(Luffy): Gum-Gum (Though it's not rubber...) Gatling!
This is actually a little problematic, too. Characters only act out the attack after saying the name, and some names are very long, which can lead to other people attacking them before they finish.
Slightly subverted as most of the time the action is taken mid-sentence.
Deconstructed with Zeo: while camouflaged he calls out the name of his camouflaging skill, allowing Brook to locate and stab him.
Came Back Strong: Brook died and came back as a skeleton, so he is much faster now, a lot harder to kill, and able to run on water.
For a villainous example, Hodi Jones overdoses on steroids, but instead of dying, takes a page out of Dragon Ball and Super Saiyans into a more powerful form. Permanently. It inverts HARD however when the afteraffects of the overdose catches up to him and his crew, causing them to undergo Rapid Aging, thus making them practically harmless.
Camp Gay: Bon Kurei (Mr. 2), and DAMN proud of it.
Emporio Ivankov - Queen of the Kamabakka Kingdom.
Canon Immigrant: Ryuuma the zombie samurai in the Thriller Bark arc. The character is originally from an early Oda one-shot, Monsters, which pre-dates One Piece and had no relationship to the series originally, but now has a place somewhere in its distant past; Ryuuma's feat of slaying a dragon (mentioned by Hogback) happens there. He died at old age, still a great swordsman, and an unspecified time later Hogback and Moria found his corpse and reanimated it with Brook's shadow. Since Ryuuma was a prototype of Zoro in some aspects, it's almost natural he got to fight with him.
As of chapter 655, it looks like Ryuma's homeland will get a more active role in the story.
Can't Catch Up: Nami and Usopp. Becomes a major issue for Usopp in particular.
Especially when his inventions put Nami significantly closer to the others than he is. This is also specifically pointed out by Zoro, who mentions (but not in front of Usopp) that Usopp has become an insanely powerful fighter, easily able to fight off a squadron of marines by himself; it's just that everybody he's fighting is so strong that he hasn't noticed.
Word Of God says that Usopp will always be the weakest Straw Hat regardless of who joins in the future, or else the balance of the story would be upset.
Catch-22 Dilemma: Discussed in the Fishman Island arc, during a flashback: Vander Decken is talking about marrying Princess Shirahoshi for her latent powers, who was still 6 at the time. His subordinate then tells him about a national treasure, a kind of drug that can age up whoever consumes it, and it might solve the age problem. The problem is, as said subordinate points out, the treasure is tightly guarded by the royal palace and the only legal way to obtain it is... marrying the royalty (the princess, in this case). In the end, though, Decken just decides to wait until she's aged normally.
Also, Luffy's "I'm gonna be the Pirate King!" ("Kaizoku-ou ni, ore wa naru!")
Brook's "Skull Joke!" and: "May I see your Panties?" when he meets any girl.
Catgirl: Nami's got a subtle cat theme but that's about as far as it goes. (Somewhat confirmed with a line of figures representing the crew as different animals.) There's also several Cat Boys, from the Zoan user Rob Lucci to the Black Cat pirates, who wear cat ears and Avaro Pizarro.
Cerebus Retcon: Initially played straight with Nami's distrust of pirates and obsession with treasure. It turned out her hometown was taken over by pirates and she struck a deal with the leader to buy back her town if she had enough money. Subverted in that after the arc, Nami remains still quite greedy because she can now spend the money for herself, though that's justified seeing as how she was part of a poor family and had to wear hand-me-down clothes for her whole life until the pirates came. However, she still values her friends much more than money, as seen in Thriller Bark where she gives away part of her treasure to an ally who helped her, and in Saboady Archipelego where she is willing to part with her money to get the kidnapped Camie back.
Post-time skip Sanji gets a major nosebleed every time he looks at a woman with Chopper commenting he was using up his stock of blood transfusions. When they arrived on Fishman Island where the mermaids are, Sanji loses a dangerous amount of blood, this time Chopper didn't have any more blood transfusions to help him and no mermen or merwomen was willing to donate blood to a human. Fortunately, they were able to find a donor and Sanji gets better.
Cerebus Syndrome: While still light and soft for the most part, they have put some focus on themes such as slavery, racism, political corruption, anarchy, segregation, and moral absolutism. And in the Fishman Island arc, the mentality of the New Fishman Pirates can draw parallels to violent black supremacy groups, the KKK, xenophobic practices of ancient Japan, and Al Qaeda all at once!
Chainmail Bikini: In the Dressrosa arc, there is a female gladiator named Rebecca who wears one of these.
Chameleon Camouflage: The minor villain Zeo is a carpet shark fishman, and can change his color to blend with the ground and apparently disappear. Played for Laughs when he gets stomped and clubbed by his own men.
Character Development: Bucket loads of it, even to minor and flashback characters. It applies to pretty much all of the Straw Hats (especially before and after the time skip) and their allies.
Charles Atlas Superpower: Arguably, the only character with Super Strength who isn't an example of this trope is Chopper, who was (blue nose aside) merely an ordinary reindeer before coming across the Human-Human Fruit.
Charlie Brown from Outta Town: Sogeking. Chopper tries to pull this in chapter 595, but quickly gives up when everyone instantly sees through the disguise.
Chaste Hero: Luffy, clueless little lug that he is. This actually helps him immensely on Amazon Lily; he's immune to the powers of Boa Hancock's Devil Fruit because he honestly doesn't feel any lust towards her.
Zoro as well. Even the above-mentioned Luffy peeks at Nami in the bath in Alabasta; Zoro doesn't seem to care enough.
Chekhov's Armoury\Chekhov's Army: Oda is not one to waste detail. Everything and everyone, from Ace's Vivre Card to Sanji's wanted poster to the first mate on a ship from a flashback who turns out to be Silvers Rayleigh come into play; even insignificant details such as the sun tattoo that Arlong's crew sports play roles later on.
This got the 4Kids version into trouble more than once, as they cut out Vice-Admiral Garp, Laboon, and the giants Dorry and Brogy, all of whom are extremely important further down the line.
Or rather, it would have if 4Kids had continued the anime beyond the Alabasta Arc. Yet another reason to be glad they lost the license.
During the Paramount War, Oars Jr., who got beaten down by the Seven Warlords before managing to really do anything, has turned out to have collapsed over where the Marines' siege walls were to come up, keeping them from being pulled up to their full height and giving the Whitebeard pirates a fighting chance as a result.
Perhaps the ultimate example of this trope concerns Silvers Rayleigh, a character who showed up for ONE PANEL in an early chapter (in a flashback). He is not seen again for over ten years of real-world time, at which point he turns out to be an extremely important person, both to the plot and to the world of piracy in general.
Of comparable status is that scene where Shanks scares off a Sea King with Haki in the first chapter. Haki isn't seen again until later, and still isn't explained until well after that.
A quick Call Back: Since the action of Chapter 1 was split in the anime between episode 4 and episode 504, Luffy beating the Sea King becomes a five-hundred-episode callback.
When Captain Morgan explains Devil Fruit powers in episode 3, he mentions two powers in particular: creating fire and causing tsunamis. These powers belong to Ace and Whitebeard.
Camie is first introduced in Hatchan's cover story in chapter 195. Almost exactly 300 chapters later, in chapter 490, she finally meets the Straw Hat crew, and it is her abduction that eventually leads to the crew being separated.
Wapol's cover story has the incredibly minor detail of him inventing a new type of metal. That metal is instrumental in the creation of Franky's Combining Mecha.
Franky, after his family steals 200 million from Usopp, mentions that something that he's waited for 3 years is now his to buy. At the end of the arc, the thing he happens to buy is a piece of special wood that is used to build the Straw Hats' new ship.
There's a lot of reference to blood transfusions in the Fishman Island arc, and how it's against the law there for Fishmen to give blood to Humans, and vice versa. Long before, this law is said to have doomed their savior, Fisher Tiger. So how does the arc end? With Jinbe giving blood to Luffy.
Remember Ryuma? The samurai zombie who had Brook's shadow? In the Thriller Bark arc, it was mentioned he lived in Wano Country and became famous for slaying a dragon (which Zoro did not believe in). Now, a 2 year time-skip and a few hundred chapters later (in chapter 655) Brook reveals that Wano is country whose swordsmen (called samurai) are so powerful that Marines are afraid to go there. And guess what shows up at the end of the chapter? Yup, a dragon (and Zoro is still trying to deny it's existence).
Related to Wano. During Little Oars Jr's flashback where Ace makes him a hat, he says he learned to make it in the Wano Country.
In Punk Hazard, they met Kin'emon, a samurai from Wano Country. He recognized Shusui and was determined to challenge Zoro for it so he can return the sword to Wano Country.
On their way to Arlong Park, Luffy mentions how Zeff told him the Grand Line was like a "pirate paradise". Many years later, we learn pirates call the first half of the Grand Line "Paradise" as it feels like such compared to the hellish New World.
In chapter 650 Jinbe tells Luffy about a 'certain island' Akainu and Aokiji fought on,for the position of Fleet Admiral. The very first island in the New World the Straw Hats land on is, of course, that 'certain island', namely Punk Hazard.
During the Skypiea flashback, Montblanc Noland told a story of how he encountered a land of dwarves. Considering the outlandish nature of his stories, nobody knew if it was true. Cut ahead many years later to Dressrosa, where Usopp and Robin find an underground kingdom of Dwarves, and they hail Noland as a hero.
Don't forget his mentor, 'Red Leg' Zeff and pretty much the entirety of the Baratie's staff. Plus, Wanze counts.
Cherry Blossoms: Featured prominently with Chopper. One of his attacks uses this.
The Chessmaster: Quite a few of the villains, and they do it superbly. Captain Kuro is appropriately titled "Kuro of A Thousand Plans". Crocodile is perhaps the greatest example so far, manipulating an entire country for four years, pushing it ever closer to self-destruction, whilst keeping it secret from even the World Government and even lauded as a hero. Eneru is insane, but he is clever. He manipulated a final assault on him on Upper Yard from Shandians, the Straw Hats' adventurous natures and unleashed his subordinates on them, turning it to a survival game. He also successfully checkmated even Nico Robin when she tried to use knowledge she thought he didn't have against him.
Sengoku, nicknamed The Buddha and the Strategist for good reason.
Marshall D. Teach, otherwise known as "Blackbeard", looks like he deserves this role so far, playing the Whitebeard Pirates and the World Government in his master plan to become "Pirate King".
Children Are Innocent: Generally most are, unless they grow up around adults filled with hatred-filled hearts. Notably we have the children kidnapped by Caesar Clown believed his lies about them being sick and the need of the "medicine" which is in truth an addictive and fatal drug.
Child Soldiers: When they are suffering from their "medicine" the children kidnapped by Caesar Clown and experimented on become a powerful force as their desire for candy makes them attack anything that gets in their way.
Chilly Reception: Nico Robin is an interesting case, as only Luffy knew of her good nature; the others only knew her as a villain, and one that had been particularly cruel to their former nakama member Vivi. What follows is an incredible display by Robin where she manages to defrost all of them by playing off their personality quirks, except for Zoro, who remained cold until one Crowning Moment of Heartwarming at Skypiea.
Chivalrous Pervert: Sanji, who has never actually really tried anything with a girl, and would rather die than hit one.
Chromatic Arrangement : Represented by the 3 Captains: Kidd (red; the most aggressive with the then highest bounty among Supernovas), Luffy (blue; the good guy) and Law (yellow; the laid-back) who made brief alliances outside the Slave Auction House during Sabaody Archipelago arc.
Also literally by the 3 Admirals: Akainu (red), Kizaru (yellow) and Aokiji (blue)
Cloud Cuckoo Lander: Gedatsu. Even funnier when you realize that he lives on Skypeia, a Sky Island floating on a cloud...
Kizaru qualifies for this as well. Mistaking his wiretap-snail for a Transponder Snail, asking the pirates that he's supposed to arrest where his subordinates are, explaining his powers in a retarded way while he is about to crush Zoro with his foot, etc.
Let us not forget the moment just before Luffy declares war on the Marines in Eneis Lobby. Courtroom. No more that 10 meters from the giant staircase everyone points out they need to climb to continue. Cut to the crew climbing the stairs while Zoro attempts to run down a hallway perpendicular to the staircase on the floor everyone just left.
Combining Mecha: Parodied. In order to fight the massive zombie Oars, Franky, Chopper, Usopp, Zoro, and Sanji "combine" (really just stand on each other) into a massive humanoid figure dubbed "Big Emperor". It didn't do anything besides add extra comedic value, because Robin refused to "dock in" as the left arm, claiming that it would be "too embarrassing".
In One Piece: Unlimited Cruise 2, they do this again, with Luffy and Brook joining in.
Comedic Sociopathy: Sanji is guilty of a lot of this, especially in the anime. Sometimes he's an outright Jerk Ass toward the male members of the crew during their downtime; that said, he knows when to drop the obnoxiousness and get serious when his friends are in trouble.
Mildly justified at times. Sometimes the only way to keep Luffy from raiding the kitchen every five minutes is to resort to armor piercing kicks.
Comically Missing the Point : Lady Kaya in episode 45 of (the original Japanese version of) the anime, when her servant shows her a poster of a Wanted Luffy, and all Kaya notices is the fact that the back of her precious Usopp's head is visible in the background of the picture.
Trafalgar Law during his alliance with the Straw Hats.
Commedia dell'Arte: One of the forms of Filler is an Elseworld starring the same characters in 19th century Japan. It has the pleasant side effect of giving more limelight to some of the more colorful (but less threatening) villains of the series by placing them in a situation other than extreme combat.
Composite Character: Inverted. Some characters share inspiration on the same real life pirate and adapt different traits of them. The most prominent example would be Edward "Blackbeard" Teach, whose name and features were inherited by at least 3 characters: Blackbeard, Whitebeard, and Thatch.
Compressed Adaptation: The Movie retelling of Alabasta cut out a lot of the build up and side information, resulting in a rather severe case of Continuity Lockout for non-fans. The retelling of Drum fared better by benefitting from adapting a shorter arc, a longer running time, and going with a "What if?" scenario instead of a straight adaptation.
Conspicuous CG: The Thousand Sunny is very often rendered in full CG during full-bodied sailing shots. There are also a few examples in the movies, such as the stem of the Lily Carnation in Movie 6, the island turtle in Movie 7, Crocodile's sand in Movie 8, the avalanche scene in Movie 9, and the lions that Shiki conjures up out of stone and earth in Movie 10.
Continuity Nod: In the Post-War arc Luffy tells Dadan that he doesn't like bandits and we see an image of Higuma, the villain from the very first chapter
Contrived Coincidence: Saul had betrayed the Marines by rescuing Nico Olivia, who was headed to her homeland of Ohara. Saul himself was shipwrecked in a storm and ended up washing ashore on Ohara as well, just in time for the Marines to catch up to her.
Convection Schmonvection: Ace and Akainu have the power of fire and lava, respectively, and can both use their powers without instantly frying absolutely everyone standing in close proximity. Seriously, Akainu fought with the Whitebeard pirates and Crocodile in a FROZEN SEA! How the hell is that possible?
The Going Merry and the Thousand Sunny definitely qualify for this. A number of other ships from the One Piece world could also hold this title, including the Whitebeard crew's Moby Dick.
Basically all of the great pirate crews' ships become this. The former Pirate King's ship is both legendary and infamous to the point that it's maker, Tom, is sentenced to prison if not death for building it.
A special mention goes to Law's ship-submarine since it gives his crew a distinct advantage of mobility to him over mostly everyone in the One Piece world. If we also add that Law's devil fruit power gives him a complete control of space around him in a large radius, it is easy to see that his ship with him on board is basically an impenetratable underwater fortress, even more so when we think about how devil fruit users are totally useless in water.
Cool Train: The sea trains in Water 7, Puffing Tom and Rocket Man.
Cooperation Gambit: Trafalgar Law, (who previously considered himself a rival to the other Supernovas. The Straw Hats in particular), forms an alliance with the Straw Hats to defeat Kaido (one of the Four Emperors) by cutting the weapons supply from his client, Doflamingo. Turns out Law was really after Doflamingo himself. Kaido is merely his backup plan and he used the Straw Hats to destroy Doflamingo's weapons factory so that Kaido will punish him for it.
Costume Copycat: Post-timeskip, a bunch of wannabe pirates have done this with the Straw Hats in the hopes of cashing in on their reputation. They have poor timing, to say the least.
Cowardly Lion: Usopp and Chopper in particular, though Nami can be like this at times as well.
Though with her, it's usually just as much a case of biding her time.
CPR (Clean, Pretty, Reliable): CPR has been used twice in the series: on Luffy during the Arlong saga, and on Usopp during the Skypiea saga. The latter was more Played for Laughs. Ahead Of Its Time; only chest compressions are done both times, the Luffy instance being a full decade before doing so was recommended in real life.
...except that when giving CPR to a victim of drowning, it's recommended that you give them rescue breaths to help give them more air in the lungs.
Cranial Eruption: Many and often. The most ridiculous example was when Luffy spent their 100 million beri on the party in Water 7. Nami caused a lump roughly four times the radius of Luffy's head, on Luffy's head, among other injuries.
Cranium Chase: In the Punk Hazard arc, the samurai Kin'emon's head is separated from the rest of his body - not only that, but his head is cut into pieces, too (which leads into a brief hilarity when the Straw Hats tried to put it together like a puzzle). It's revealed later that it's Trafalgar Law's doing.
Law himself, with his Devil Fruit power, can disassemble other people's body parts non-fatally. The first time we see him using his power, he detached a Marine officer's head and replaced it with a cannonball that was about to hit him - not long after, said head screams in agony as his body gets burned, without any concern to his, well, neck.
Sabaody Archipelago: It may look like a friendly tourist spot with bubble related attractions and fun amusement parks. But it is also a lawless region where fishmen are discriminated, kidnappings and slavery are commonplace and the home of many a World Noble whom can do whatever they want due to their lineage, with the price of touching them leading to summoning an Admiral to their aid.
Crashing Through the Harem: In a One Piece filler episode set in ancient Japan, Zoro [a wandering monk] at one point crashes into a room full of women. One of them kicks him out of there.
Crazy-Prepared: Crocodile had absolutely no reason to believe that anyone would find his bomb in time. Despite that, he still engineered his plan in such a way that even if the cannoneers are killed, the bomb would still do a lot of damage. Also, he has a retractable dagger under that hook.
Also Usopp at times, especially for his fight with Luffy.
Creator Breakdown: Apparently, the whole thing with Gold Roger, Ace, and Rouge was because Odacchi was worried about his new baby being born.
Also, if Chopper takes 4 rumble balls within 6 hours, the author goes wild.
Creepy Cool Crosses: Subtle example in episode 3; during the exposition about devil fruits, they appear ordered in a cross shape.
Then there's the scene when Zoro discovers that all the inhabitants of Whiskey Peak are bounty hunters. Cut to a closer look at the giant cacti near the town, revealing that they're actually hills. The "quills" are actually cross-shaped grave markers.
Mihawks's black sword and the dagger he wears on his necklace are cross-shaped, which is strange considering his vampire motif.
Criminal Doppelgänger: Inverted. The crew is wanted by the authorities, and therefore all have wanted posters. Their pictures are all from photographs except for Sanji, whose photo they could not take; they (badly) drew his wanted picture instead. At one point, the crew get attacked by a guy who looks exactly like Sanji's terribly-drawn wanted poster, because he's fed up of being mistaken for Sanji.
Cross Counter: This occurred during a brief brawl that Luffy had with Zoro on Whiskey Peak.
Also happened numerous times in the fight between Sanji and Mr. 2.
In the Fishman Island arc, this happens with Luffy and Jinbe (And Sanji, who got caught in the crossfire) after Robin interrupted their fight.
And Shanks's crew were this way in Luffy's flashback. Another one of the ways in which Luffy takes after his mentor.
Crying Wolf: Usopp falsely reports that pirates are coming (which was a way of trying to convince his mother that his father was coming back for them). It catches up to him when he has to convince Kaya that her butler is a pirate and she won't believe him because of his lies and the fact that he already hates the butler. Becomes Fridge Brilliance when you know that his name is a portmanteau of the word uso (Japanese for "lie") and Aesop (a famed storyteller).
Cue the Sun: Inverted in episode 405. It is only when Luffy is down on the ground sobbing over the disappearance of his friends that the light from the sunset filters through the trees.
Also inverted near the end of Thriller Bark, where the sun rising was a very BAD thing, meaning that four Straw Hats would die unless Moria was forced to return their shadows.
Much, much earlier, however, this was played straight in Episode 43 after the fall of Arlong Park.
In between all that, when Luffy busts up Eneru's Raigoh.
Culture Chop Suey: An early episode had Rice Balls (edited out by 4Kids to be cookies), even through the pirates are mostly based on Western fictional depictions of pirates.
Several pirates, such as Zoro and Shanks, also seem to prefer sake over rum.
While the official language of One Piece is English, the Marines have taken a liking to Japanese kanji. Whether or not this is subtle symbolism has yet to be revealed.
Culture Clash: It's not a good idea to go around cutting down trees without consulting the natives first, even if it's for a good cause. Or killing giant animals that they worship.
Curb-Stomp Battle: Oars Jr. It doesn't matter that you're so immensely huge that you dwarf giants, do not mess with the Seven Warlords of the Sea; YOU. WILL. NOT. WIN, especially if one of them wants your corpse for his undead army.
Earlier on, Luffy beats down Bellamy with one punch. See, there's a reason he wasn't fighting Bellamy earlier; until he made it personal, there was no point. Keep in mind, he used a single, unstretched punch, at Bellamy, who was traveling at intense speeds straight at him. And the punch was actually downwards, meaning Bellamy's speed didn't actually add to the impact. Luffy just hit him really, really hard, and caused a massive change of direction centered right at his head.
The Straw Hat Crew vs the Franky Family (sans Franky himself). Honestly does that even count as a battle?
And incredibly depressingly, the end of the Sabaody Archipelago arc. The Straw Hats face (and take beatings from) a Pacifista, Admiral Kizaru, Sentomaru, and Bartholomew Kuma, all in a row with absolutely no time to rest in between. And it ends with Kuma scattering the Straw Hats to the four corners of the world with no effort. Luffy's crew never even had a chance. It was absolute, utter defeat.
And then, Magellan vs. the Blackbeard Pirates, which consists of Magellan saying "I don't have time to waste asking why you're here" and one-shotting the whole bunch of them. He apparently loses in a rematch, though
In chapter 601, after the Time Skip, Luffy shows just how much he's improved by taking out a Pacifista with one hit. Sanji and Zoro take out another Pacifista just as easily. The scene suggests either one would've done it alone.
Zoro vs. Hody Jones near the beginning of the Fishman Island arc. Zoro takes him out with one slash. Underwater. And Hody has been overdosing on extremely dangerous steroids for the rest of the arc, just so he can remain standing after the attack. He later fought an octopus swordsman and cleaved the latter's 8 swords right down the middle. And he wasn't serious. At all.
The Straw Hat pirates vs Hody's army of 100,000 pirates. Lufy takes out 50,000 by just releasing his Haki, then his friends go and absolutely pulverize the remaining 50,000.
Luffy vs Hody Jones. Even after transforming after too many steroids, Hody is no match for Luffy's haki.
The Straw Hat crew vs. Hody's henchmen. They didn't have a chance.
Arguably, the entire Fishman Island arc was made just to showcase how much more Bad Ass the Straw Hat crew has become. When the big battle actually starts, not a single one of them had any kind of difficulty except for Luffy, who was fighting the Big Bad of the arc while underwater, which puts him at severe disadvantage, while trying to prevent a Colony Dropand protect the princess at the same time. The only wound he got out of that are a few big bites (a hell of a lot cleaner than most of his pre-timeskip fights). Heck, Zoro defeated Hody the first time they fought in one slash, and injured him badly enough he had to keep taking his drugs continuously throughout the arc just to keep standing.
Just about any time the Straw Hat crew faces against a giant sea monster, they beat it in about three moves, usually with just Luffy, Sanji, and Zoro.
Curse That Cures: Brook ate the Revive-Revive Fruit, which meant that when he died, he'd be able to come back and live a second life. It took him a year to find his body, by which time it was a skeleton.
Cursed with Awesome: Buggy the Clown. His Devil Fruit makes him powerful, but he never intended to eat. To this day, he still holds a grudge with Shanks regarding it.
Cut-and-Paste Translation: The 4Kids dub lay in a pool of its own digitally erased blood, before FUNimation came along to give it a proper burial. Most people unanimously declare it a Macekre.
Cut Lex Luthor a Check: Played straight with just about every villain in the series with a devil fruit power. Subverted when their devil fruit powers help them do their job, the best example of which being the roaming New World reporter Abusa (a.k.a., Absalom, wielder of the invisibility fruit.
Cute Ghost Girl: Perona initially subverted this slightly by controlling ghosts rather than being one, though it's played straighter later on, when she reveals that she can project her consciousness out as a ghostly version of herself.
Completely averted by Franky, who is almost entirely metal, but the most boisterous member of the Straw Hat Crew.
Luffy actually accuses Franky of being an example of this once, but that was strictly for Rule of Funny.
Cyborg: Franky, obviously. Especially after the two year skip. Also, Kuma and the Pacifistas.
Cycle of Revenge: The Fishman Island arc is all about this, bringing together several subplots that have been running since almost the very beginning of the series. For what is considered a generally silly shonen series, Oba gives a very nuanced view of the problems of hatred and forgiveness.
Queen Otohime is the most open minded of the fishmen/mermaids, always advocating peaceful reconciliation rather than continued retaliation, though the issue weighs heavily on her and she can't bring herself to stop those who have truly suffered from slavery from striking back. She holds this view even to her death, with her passing her goals down to her children.
Fisher Tiger supports Otohime's philosophy much more than is first apparent, but can't just leave those who are enslaved to their fates, so leads strikes against the World Government, freeing fishman, mermaid, and human alike. He always leaves his human enemies alive and truly believes in a peace, but still cannot bring himself to totally forgive humans for what they have done. This ingrained hatred eventually leads to his death, as he refuses to accept a human blood transfusion, which is the only way he can live.
Jinbe eventually finds a place between Tiger and Otohime's philosophies, but his role, especially in the flashbacks, is mostly one of learning. His arc is one of understanding the situation and his role in the present story is advise and lead those on the thorny path of inter-race relationships and hatred, explaining why the (mostly) human Straw Hats defeating Hody will cause even more problems.
Arlong is the first seen to be totally against peace (indeed, the first person really seen in this conflict), with the things he's seen and suffered driving him to return in kind to humans. The flashbacks show he originally was not as willing to totally kill and subjugate humans, but the continued hatred, prejudice, fear, and finally the death of Fisher Tiger convince him that humans are nothing but trash.
Hody Jones is even more extreme than Arlong. While Arlong was just a racist, taking his vengeance on humans, Hody sees anyone who associates with humans as his enemy, and subsequently attacks and kills fishmen and mermaids. He's basically the result of a child growing up in a culture dominated by hatred and racism and his actions show it in horrifying detail, being very willing to declare war on all of humanity and destroy the world. He's second generation Arlong and epitomizes the problem of passing down hatred to one's children. He even states outright that humans have done absolutely nothing to him personally.
Bon Clay's fighting style, Okama Kenpo, also has a mastery-level version called Newkama Kenpo, practiced by Iva and the residents of Kambakka Kingdom.
Dance Party Ending: Happens at the end of two arcs. The first one happens after everyone gets back from Enies Lobby after kicking Spandam's ass. The second one happens after Moria's defeated and everyone sings "Binks' Sake".
In general, the Straw Hats tend to throw a party at the end of every arc they can, to celebrate their victory properly. They're obviously never alone, as their allies of the arc also join in. That includes the Marines in the Punk Hazard arc.
Dangerous Forbidden Technique: Chopper must take care not to take three rumble balls within six hours; otherwise,he undergoes a ferocious transformation that, despite being powerful, is dangerous to himself as well as his allies.
Post-timeskip, he can control this form and only needs one Rumble Ball to access it, but it exhausts him so much that he must rest for three hours after using it.
Darker and Edgier: Movie 6, Baron Omatsuri and the Secret Island. Among other things, the Straw Hats are driven to distrust each other, the violence is more brutal than in the series proper, the villain absorbs his comrades into his "Lily", a Man-Eating Plant that creates replicas of the villain's former friends, and it's also first movie where Luffy kills the antagonist.
The main series itself has become this after a string of developments during the Paramount War that will surely leave their mark on the world.
Dark and Troubled Past: Quite a few characters. Robin stands out the most among the Straw Hat group. Ace apparently also has one, which is all the more jarring due to the fact that he's one of the more cheery and outgoing characters.
All the members of the Straw Hat crew have one. It seems to be a requirement, along with having a dream.
Dark Is Not Evil: In an odd sort of reveal, antagonists Magellan and Hannyabal have proved that while, yes, they stand in Luffy's way, they are not bad people and really are just trying to keep dangerous convicts locked up away from everyday civilians. Made more impactful by the fact that the whole Impel Down crew seems to be a parody of Demons and imps.
Not to mention "Dark King" Silvers Rayleigh.
Before either of them came Nightmare Luffy; even though he looks like a blue version of the Hulk, and speaks with a menacing rumble, he's still the same good guy he always was.
The Dead Have Eyes: Anything and everything on Thriller Bark. Including Ryuuma and Brooke.
Deadly Upgrade: Chopper's three rumble balls. Arguably Luffy's Gear Second as well, since Lucci has said that his life span is being used up twice as fast whenever he enters it.
Ivankov's Emporio Vigor Hormones can give a powerful adrenaline boost, but will have equally powerful side effects afterwards.
As noted above, Kuma.
Deal with the Devil: For reasons as yet unknown, Kuma (said to despise the World Government) agreed to be the prototype for Vegapunk's Pacifista project.
Deadpan Snarker: There's a lot of instances, but it's mostly Nami, who regularly reacts this way to the antics of her crew. Special mention goes to Robin for essentially NOT being one, as most of her responses to anything is often sincere.
Death by Childbirth: Portgas D. Rouge, although justified in that she purposefully extended her pregnancy for 20 months at the cost of her life so that her son wouldn't be connected to Gold Roger.
Death by Origin Story: All over the damn place. It used to be that the only time anyone died in One Piece was via flashback.
Special mention must be made, however, of Brook — he died in his OWN origin story. For a bit.
Death Glare: An actual power; some pirates are so badass that people actually faint in their presence.
Death World: At most, 5/8 of a death world. The most settled area, the Blue seas (North Blue, East Blue, West Blue, South Blue) is most definitely not dangerous, once you get past the fact that there are numerous pirates (It's hinted now that it has more raiders than Pandora) and a few giant sea monsters. The first part of the Grand Line, "Paradise", fits the description of a death world, as it has giant sea monsters, even stronger pirates, it's nearly impossible to navigate without a special compass, and the weather defies logic itself. Then comes the "New World," which we know next to nothing about. We do know, however, that it slaps physics in the face even by Oda's standards, with pirates that are to the pirates of "paradise" what the pirates of "paradise" are to most pirates in the Four Blues, islands that are partially invisible, have lightning rain, one that seems to be a floating Gantz in the middle of the sky, and it's outright stated that it only gets more insane from there.
Debut Queue: The original five Straw Hats were introduced in successive story arcs.
Decade Dissonance: You have an island that's still stuck in the prehistoric era, another island that has what would be called modern technology, and then we have an island where there's a train that runs along some tracks that are right in the water. Not to mention an island where everything is basically a cyborg.
Deconstructed Trope: I Can Still Fight was deconstructed where Zoro normally recovers with Hollywood Healing. It was after he was brought back from the dead, that he showed signs of pain, even some time after recovering from his injuries, and still continued to fight like it was nothing. It was during a battle when he keeled over at the worst possible moment, defenseless and needing someone to carry him away from the battle, while still insisting he could fight.
Vivi's Mary Sue tendencies. Her sweet and kind personality has made her fear getting anyone hurt or killed on her behalf, making Ingram worry whether she would be a good leader which eventually manifests into a Chronic Hero Syndrome, making her Crocodile's personal chew toy and Luffy calls her out on it. Her optimism actually masks her anxiety over her country and a seething hatred for Crocodile. While her fighting skills are good enough for her rank in Baroque Works (considering she infiltrated them at age 14), among the Straw Hats she lagged behind.
Feels No Pain is deconstructed when Chopper remarks how Oz's ability to not feel pain is a weakness since Oz wouldn't be able to tell how much damage accumulated in his body until it is too late. The Straw Hats defeat him by shattering his spine, leaving him lying on the ground and wondering why he couldn't move.
Defeating the Undefeatable: Luffy defeating Eneru, although that was more to do with being a Rubber Man, defeating Rob Lucci of CP9, and defeating Gekko Moriah, with a thousand shadows within him.
Crocodile also counts, since Luffy would've died TWICE over if not for his insane luck and Crocodile severely underestimating him.
Defeat Means Friendship: Starting in the end of the Impel Down Arc and throughout the Marineford arc, several major enemies that Luffy has gone up against join his side, though Bon Clay is the only one that actually considers him a friend, the rest are just along for the ride.
Earlier than that, Mr. 2 Bon Clay tries to invoke this trope with Sanji after their fight. Sanji just kicks him in the face anyway.
Demon Head: Any time someone gets angry at Luffy, especially Nami.
Or at anyone else who does something stupid.
Department of Redundancy Department: The name of Usopp's alternate persona, Sogeking, is a Portmanteau of the Japanese word "sogeki" (sniper) and the English word "king". When he gets a bounty, the poster gives him the Red Baron "King of Snipers" Sogeking. For comparison, that's like calling Bruce Wayne "Man of Bats" Batman.
Manga chapter 124: The Tea is Good. After Luffy is hypnotized into having a picnic with Ms. Goldenweek, the following dialogue takes place
Luffy: "The tea is good"
Luffy: "Aah... the tea is good" Usopp: "LUFFY! What are you doing?!" Luffy: "THE TEA... IS GOOD!"
Inverted with Trafalgar Law, who has the ability to detach other people's body parts and combine them with other people/objects.
Marine captain Berry Good also has this as his power, but by becoming bouncy balls.
Determinator: A lot of the male characters including and especially, Luffy, Zoro and even Usopp.
This trope has been increasingly subverted throughout the series, however. Determination is fine, but there are clear points in which not even Luffy, Sanji, or Zoro can power through their injuries or defeat the truly top-tier opponents they face. A running subversion is Luffy's exhaustion after using the Gears to fight Big Bads... regardless of his determination or the threat to his life, he cannot move when he's that tired.
In the Whitebeard War arc, this has been deconstructed rather well. Luffy has more determination and guts than anybody there, but the enemies he faces are simply too damn strong.
This quite literally happens (sort of) in the manga when Trafalgar Law gave Eustass Kid (who was infamous for killing people if they did so much as look at him funny, as well as having the highest supernova bounty) the middle finger.
Luffy strikes again. This time is with Big Mam, one of the Four Emperors. He tells her it's too dangerous to leave her in charge of Fishman Island, so when he gets to the New World he's going to kick her ass and claim the said island as his OWN territory.
Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: The Straw Hats and Shandian forces are all but entirely defeated by Eneru, and Nami is too scared of his awesome power. It's starting to look like he might be the Almighty God after all. And then, Luffy appears and kicks him in the stomach. Open a can of whoop-ass that momentarily knocks him out, makes him afraid to challenge him, and when he finally reaches him, he finishes him by knocking him through a giant bell in the air.
The Straw Hats defeating Oars, a zombie giant about four times the size of normal giants. He is known for conquering an entire continent. And then in the same battle the Big Bad Gekko Moriah grew to a massive size by taking in the strength of 1000 shadows (including Luffy's) to increase his power. Luffy used both Gears together to knock Moriah into the main mast/tower, which fell right on top of Moriah, knocking him out and releasing all the shadows.
Didn't Think This Through: The pirate who pretended to be Luffy thought it would be a clever way to gather powerful minions using Luffy's reputation, however, he didn't realize how much trouble he'd wind up in by boasting that he's one of the most wanted men in the world, especially when he doesn't have the power to back it up.
Especially when the real Luffy happens to drop by and reveal that the guy who was pretending to be him is a complete fake.
Even moreso when it's revealed that a couple of the guys who joined up with Demalo Black were Starscreams who had intended to infiltrate his ranks and kill him while he was off-guard to boost their reputation.
A post-mortem example in the giant, Oars. During the battle on Thriller Bark, Chopper identifies the reason he died in the frozen wasteland he was found in. Just like currently, he wasn't wearing any damn clothes.
Disney Death: In the early days of One Piece, no named character outside of a flashback ever died. Pell and Conis's father are two perfect examples of this (the latter survived a massive lightning bolt, and the former survived a massive city-wide explosion at ground zero). However, named character deaths slowly became more common as the series went on, and with the deaths of Ace and Whitebeard, this trope seems to have been abandoned.
Disney Villain Death: After Luffy defeats Shiki, he's sent plummetting towards the sea, and the islands suspended in the air by his power follow suit.
Subverted with Whitebeard's fight with Akainu, which the former ends by dropping the latter down a chasm. However, being a Blob Monster and a ridiculous Determinator, Akainu bursts back out of the ground a few chapters/episodes later, battered, but otherwise fine.
Distant Finale: One of the prototype "Romance Dawn" chapters ends with Luffy as an adult with a strong resemblance to Shanks, about to make landfall on a new island with his full crew of pirates.
Double Jump: Geppo, although it goes a lot further than just double-jumping...
Dragon-in-Chief: Spandam may have been the leader of Cipher Pol 9, but his main subordinate Rob Lucci might as well as been considered the true Big Bad of the Enies Lobby Arc.
The Dreaded: Dragon, Luffy's father. The most dangerous man in the world, and yet so far he hasn't really done much of anything.
Dr. Jerk: Doctor Kureha. The residents of Drum Kingdom call her a witch, although if you say it to her face, she just mightwill kick your ass.
And of course, Chopper picked this up in that he will, if praised or thanked, say that doesn't fool him, though it's a lot easier to see through his Jerkass Façade since he usually does a dance when he's happy.
And Dr. Kureha is Mother fricking Teresa compared to Dr. Hogback.
Drop the Hammer: Usopp has used three different hammers over the course of the series.
First, there's the skipping of the Laboon arc, which featured the Straw Hats meeting a whale living at the entrance of the Grand Line. Said whale was kept by a pirate crew as a pet until they decided that it would be too dangerous to take him into the Grand Line, so they left him there and told him that they would be back... and fifty years later, they're still not back. It was this arc that introduced the concept of Log/Eternal Poses (or Grand/Eternal Compasses for 4Kids dub viewers), but it gets worse; Much, much later on, it's revealed that the Straw Hats' future musician and ninth member was a member of this crew, and the only one who survived the journey. Reuniting with the whale was his whole reason for joining them in the first place.
Then, there's the skipping of the Little Garden arc, which was the Mr. 3 team's introduction. This arc provided much character development for Usopp, and inspired him to visit the giants' island, Elbaf, one day. In addition, Sanji acquires an Eternal Pose to Alabasta in this arc, which meant that the Straw Hats could set sail for it immediately instead of waiting a year for their Log Pose to record Little Garden's magnetic field. Then, there's the "Mr. Prince" subplot, which starts in this arc and eventually leads to the Straw Hats escaping Crocodile's death trap in Alabasta. Lastly, Mr. 3 makes another appearance in the Alabasta arc, but since he hasn't ever met the Straw Hats in the dub, this leads to some awkward plot holes.
That's not even getting into the fact that the Straw Hats' meeting Broggy and Dorry are what enable Usopp to get Oimo and Karsee to Heel-Face Turn in Enies Lobby.
Unfortunately for 4Kids, they did not anticipate Oda's faithfulness to all tropes Chekhov's.
Since one of Sanji's defining characteristics is being unwilling to fight women, the German dub's decision to make one of his opponents (who he ended up cracking the skull of) a woman was quite awkward.
The FUNimation dub isn't entirely immune, either: at the end of the Alabasta arc, it's stated that Mr. 1 was killed in the battle. This is a little strange, since he later shows up alive (albeit in prison). The scriptrwiters appear to have simply conflated "cut down" (by Zoro) with "killed outright", when it really only meant "defeated".
Oddly enough, 4Kids did manage to invert this trope by skipping the Warship Island filler arc. Said arc had two instances of Zoro contradicting future developments in the manga, particularly when he cuts through steel before he should know how to do so.
In the Buggy arc of the 4kids dub, Zolo calls Nami by name when she hasn't introduced herself or had it said in his presence.
4kids also suggests that Roger was hanged, when all other evidence suggests he was decapitated or impaled with two swords.note Anime filler suggests he was impaled. The manga itself is ambiguous.
*Thwack!* Brook: "Oww!! Hey, why'd you kick me Usopp-san!?"
It should be noted that Brook was present when the crew ran into Hatchan again, but he could've forgotten the brief explanation of Hatchan's past connection to Arlong, or not realized how serious the issue was.
Duel to the Death: During the Time Skip, the Fleet Admiral position was left vacant due to Sengoku's retirement. Sengoku originally nominated Aokiji for the position, but several officials wanted Akainu to take it, making him another contender. Normally, Aokiji is a lazy ass who frankly wouldn't have cared who got the position — but that was only if Kizaru had wanted to take the position. Aokiji was strongly opposed to Akainu becoming Fleet Admiral, and this unprecedented conflict, the first ever feud between Admirals, boiled down to a death match on the barren island of Punk Hazard, with the winner becoming Fleet Admiral. The battle would last ten days and permanently alter the landscape of the island, turning one half into a frozen wasteland, the other half a fiery one. The winner would be Akainu. However, in a rare moment of sympathy, he spared Aokiji's life. Aokiji would then ditch the Marines, not wanting to serve under Sakazuki and a form of justice he was opposed to.
Dumbass Has a Point: Luffy to Vivi during the Alabasta Arc. Even his crewmates were amazed at his logic.
Earlier on, coming out of Reverse Mountain, the Going Merry seemed like it would crash hopelessly into Laboon, a giant whale right at the entrance. Luffy went below deck and used the cannon as a retro-rocket. Instead of crashing catastrophically, it bumped into Laboon only hard enough to break off his special seat.
Dumb Is Good: Luffy is probably one of the nicest guys you will ever meet, even though he's not very smart.
This series actually tends more toward averting this trope. Yeah, there's Luffy and Zoro, but there are plenty of genuinely smart characters just among the main protagonists, and even more that just happen to be among the "good" side.
Dumb Muscle: Gedatsu; Hamburg of the Foxy Pirates; Oars Jr; "Blood Splatterer" Coribou.
Dying Moment of Awesome: Gold Roger's last words inspire the Great Age of piracy. Whitebeard does something similar moments before his death, confirming Roger's words on live television.
How is Brook's, and the rest of the Rumbar Pirates', death not listed? Instead of just giving up and letting go like most people do, they decided to go out while singing to leave a message that could be returned to Laboon!
Luffy was abandoned by his parents and abused by his grandfather in training (though both of these experiences were Played for Laughs), but was given a relatively stable upbringing with the mountain bandits of Goa and his adoptive brother, Ace. Still, he suffered a traumatic experience after eating his devil fruit where his idol, Shanks, lost an arm saving him from a Sea King. And his lost other best friend, Sabo.
Zoro's parents are unknown; he appears to have been raised by a strict but decent kenpo sensei. He lost his closest rival, the sensei's daughter Kuina, in an accident. How bad his childhood actually was depends on how close he and Kuina actually were, which is unknown to this day, but the fact that Zoro took Kuina's sword after her death so as to carry on her will and their promise implies that they were close.
Nami had one of the worst upbringings. Her parents were killed in a war when she was a baby, and she and another girl, Nojiko, were de facto adopted by Bellemere, a wild child-turned-Marine, who brought them home. When Nami was 8, Bellemere was murdered by Arlong when she used all the money she had to pay for the lives of her children instead of herself (she didn't even have to, since they weren't registered). She was then conscripted into Arlong's pirates for her mapmaking skills, then dicked around for a 100-million-beri bounty on the town's freedom that Arlong never intended to allow her to pay.
Usopp's dad, Yasopp, left him and his mother, Banchina, behind to become a pirate (though with her consent). His mother fell ill shortly after. He started telling lies about his dad returning to cheer his mom up, but she died anyway. He kept lying as a protective mechanism, but it ultimately cost his village as they refused to believe him when pirates invaded and attempted to sack the town. On a plus, his stories cheered up a local girl, Kaya, who also lost both her parents, and he had a group of kids that worshiped him and his tall tales.
Sanji's ship was attacked by the pirate "Red Leg" Zeff, but a storm wrecked both ships, leaving Sanji and Zeff the sole survivors on a small, barren, desert isle. They nearly starved to death. At first Sanji thought Zeff kept most of the food he salvaged from the wrecks, but after weeks alone (half of which was after he ran out of the little food he had), Sanji found out that Zeff gave him all the food they had. He also lost one of his feet (in the manga, he ate it; in the anime, he lost it saving Sanji from the shipwreck). They were rescued just in time, and Zeff went on to open the floating restaurant Baratie with Sanji as one of his apprentices.
Chopper was ostracized for his blue nose, and kicked out of his herd after eating the Human-Human Fruit. He was also rejected by Drum Kingdom's humans as a monster. The only human who cared for him was a quack doctor named Dr. Hiriluk. Being trained as a doctor, he got confused by the skull-and-crossbones, which Hiriluk described as a symbol of strength for pirates, but in medical terms meant certain death. As a result, he accidentally fatally poisoned Dr. Hiriluk. So his father-figure walked into a trap set by Drum's King, Wapol, and committed suicide.
Robin had arguably the worst past along with Brook. Initially abandoned by her parents and left to her abusive aunt and uncle until she learned to be a top archaeologist at age 8, her parents (along with all the other people of her land, Ohara) were then killed by the World Government for learning too much about the "True History". Although Robin was allowed to escape, she ended up on the lam, spending the rest of her childhood being betrayed by various people until she took cover in the Baroque Works crime syndicate.
Franky was taken in at Water 7, and trained to be a shipwright along with adoptive brother Iceburg. His mentor, Tom, was prosecuted for building Roger's ship, Oro Jackson, but cut a deal where he would build the Sea Train. After building it and four lines, he was framed by the World Government when they used ships built by Franky to attack Water 7. When they tried to take Tom to Enies Lobby to be executed Franky tried to stop the Sea Train, and got run over in the process.
Brook entered the Grand Line 50 years before as a musician after befriending the young whale Laboon and promising he would return for him at Reverse Mountain. Eventually becoming his ship's captain, he and his crew were wiped out by an enemy with poisoned weapons. Although he revived with the Revive-Revive Fruit, his ship's rudder was broken, so he was stuck in the same spot for over 50 years with no way to return to his friend as promised. He wasn't even revived instantly, and spent the first of those fifty years in soul form, wandering aimlessly until he found his body, which had already decayed into a skeleton by then. And as mentioned above, he spent the remaining 49 years alone, with nothing to eat or drink, and the bodies of his crew as his sole company.