The Rolling Stones are an English rock band. The band formed in 1962 in London when original leader Brian Jones and pianist Ian Stewart were joined by vocalist Mick Jagger and guitarist Keith Richards, whose songwriting partnership later contributed to their taking the leadership role in the group. Bassist Bill Wyman and drummer Charlie Watts completed the early lineup. Ian Stewart was removed from the official lineup in 1963 but continued to work with the band as road manager and keyboardist until his death in 1985.The band's early recordings were mainly covers of American blues and R&B songs. After first achieving success in the UK, they became popular in the US during The British Invasion of the early 1960s. Their 1965 single "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" established The Rolling Stones as a premier rock and roll act. Starting with their 1966 album Aftermath, the songs of Jagger and Richards, aided by the instrumental experimentation of Jones, expanded an always-present stylistic flexibility. Jones died in 1969 shortly after being fired from the band and was replaced by Mick Taylor. Taylor recorded five studio albums with the band before quitting in 1974. Former Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood stepped in and has been with the band ever since. Wyman left the Rolling Stones in 1993; bassist Darryl Jones, who is not an official band member, has worked with the group since 1994.The Rolling Stones have released 22 studio albums in the UK (24 in the US), eight concert albums (nine in the US) and numerous compilations; and have sold more than 200 million albums worldwide. Sticky Fingers (1971) began a string of eight consecutive studio albums that charted at number one in the United States. In 1989 The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2004 they were ranked number 4 in Rolling Stone magazine's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Their image of unkempt and surly youth (originally cultivated in large part to contrast them with The Beatles) is one that many musicians still emulate.For the Heinlein novel, see The Rolling Stones.
Bathroom Stall Graffiti: The Beggars Banquet cover. Decca Records found it so offensive at the time that they refused to use it, substituting a plain white cover with a fake dinner invitation instead. The bathroom cover would eventually be restored for the album's CD reissue.
The controversy over the intended cover actually led to the album's release being delayed by several months... during which another little-known English pop group happened to release a double album with an all-white cover of their own. This led to the Stones being accused of ripping off said album cover come the release of Banquet, while they themselves never had anything to do with it.
Actually more of a "getting clean" - despite the common assumption that "Angie" is a woman, Keith Richards has stated that he wrote the song while detoxing in Switzerland, and that Angie is a psuedonym for heroin.
Camp Straight: Mick Jagger. Very flamboyant on and off stage, had seven children with four women.
The Casanova: Bill Wyman. He slept with over 1000 women, far more than any other member of the band.
Cut-and-Paste Translation: As was typical for British groups of the era, all their '60s albums prior to Their Satanic Majesties Request were reconfigured for the American market.
Darker and Edgier: Beggars Banquet was the album that truly set the template for the band's sleazy, raunchy sound following the failed psychedelic experimentation of Between the Buttons and Flowers (and the grittier but still comparatively tame R&B-based pop of their early period).
The Stones themselves, of course, were initially seen as a Darker And Edgier alternative to The Beatles.
Demoted to Extra: Shortly after becoming the Stones' business manager in 1964, Andrew Loog Oldham had keyboardist Ian Stewart demoted to road manager, ostensibly on the grounds that six were too many for a pop group but more likely because Stewart's short-haired, lantern-jawed appearance didn't fit the image Oldham was trying to cultivate for them. However, he did continue to contribute to the Stones' recordings and performed in the background as their touring keyboardist (but not a full member of the band) until his death.
Less dramatically, this is more or less what happened to Brian Jones as the '60s progressed. Originally the Stones' leader, Jones was relegated to an increasingly secondary role in the group, due to the emergence of the Jagger-Richards partnership and his own personal problems. His last album, Let It Bleed, features him on just two tracks.
Embarrassing Middle Name: In a memoir of his time living with the group in the early '60s, onetime Stones crony Jimmy Phelge relates how Brian Jones had a strong aversion to his middle name (Hopkin) and tried to keep it a secret from the others.
Epic Rocking: "Goin' Home", "Midnight Rambler", "Can You Hear Me Knockin'", "You Can't Always Get What You Want", "Love is Strong"
The Sixth Ranger: Ian Stewart. Who was tossed out of the band by manager Andrew Loog Oldman, who didn't like that the Stones had six members or a keyboardist. He still toured and recorded with the band until his death.
Possibly Ron Wood too, since he was the last of the current lineup to join the band.
Or Mick Taylor, who replaced Jones and was subsequently replaced by Wood.
Darryl Jones has played bass on all of the Stones' albums and tours since Bill Wyman left the band, yet isn't an official member of the band, nor does he appear on any of the band's promotional materials or photos.
Happily Married: Charlie Watts is the only member of the band still married to his first wife, Shirley, who he married before the Stones became famous. His devotion to his wife is well known: When the band visited the Playboy Mansion in 1972, Watts played pool with Hugh Hefner instead of partaking with the Bunnies like the rest of the band.
Heavy Meta: "It's Only Rock N' Roll" (but I like it, I like it, yes I do!)
Le Film Artistique: Charlie Is My Darling, a documentary of the Stones' 1965 Irish tour which has been described by some as "A Hard Days Night had it been directed by Jean-Luc Godard".
Gimme Shelter, a documentary of their disastrous 1969 free concert at Altamont Speedway, has been viewed by some as a meditation on the death of the Sixties.
Cocksucker Blues (named after the song they recorded to get way the fuck away from Decca, see below) is even worse; it hasn't been released. If the director tries, they'll sue him. Considering what's in it, that's in their best interest.
Line-of-Sight Name: Brian Jones supposedly came up with the band's name while trying to get a club booking on the telephone. When the venue's manager asked Jones what his newly-formed group called themselves, he looked at a Muddy Waters album that was sitting on the floor and noticed the first track, "Rollin' Stone Blues".
Live Album: Several. Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out!, recorded on the 1969 U.S. tour and released in 1970, is generally considered the best of them.
Long Runner: Started as a London club band in 1962, still going strong.
Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Bill Wyman, Ronnie Wood: 1975-1992
Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood: Since 1992
Long Title: "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?"
Loudness War: The 2010 remaster of Exile on Main Street suffers from a bad case of this.
Lyrical Dissonance: The Stones have a knack for combining beautiful, moving music with severely screwed-up lyrics full of sex (and definitely not of the Safe, Sane and Consensual kind), drugs, violence, and general weirdness.
Case in point: "Brown Sugar", the only upbeat song on the Sticky Fingers album. It's about slave rape on American cotton plantations.
New Sound Album: Aftermath began to add elements of psychedelia to their early mod sound. Its follow up, Between the Buttons, took them into full blown psychedelic rock, continuing with this on Their Satanic Majesties Request. Beggars Banquet codified their most well-known sound of bluesy, loose, garage rock. Some Girls played with elements of punk rock and disco, and Emotional Rescue and Undercover incorporated elements of synth-pop.
Paint It Black: Trope Namer (the actual song has nothing to do with the trope).
Pen Name: The pseudonym "Nanker Phelge" was used for several early group compositions.note "Nankering" or "pulling a nanker" was the Stones' slang term for making a face, while "Phelge" was a Shout Out to Jimmy Phelge, who shared a London flat with Mick, Keith, and Brian prior to the group's success.
Shout Out: The cover of The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper album has a doll wearing a sweater with "Welcome the Rolling Stones" on the front. The Stones returned the favor by hiding pictures of the Beatles' faces on the Their Satanic Majesties Request cover.
Sympathy for the Devil: Trope Namer. Ironically, the song in question is a subversion of the trope, as the Devil spends the whole song bragging about how evil he is.
Take That: When their former record company told them they were obligated to deliver one more single, the band gave them the unreleasable "Cocksucker Blues". It was released in Germany and did well there, though.
"We Love You" was the Stones' "valentine" to the British establishment following the group's harassment by police and media throughout 1967, which culminated in an infamous drug raid at Keith Richards' home and the attempted imprisonment of he and Jagger for possession.
The original UK version of their debut album was textless apart from the standard Decca logo (a rather bold move for the early '60s, especially for a bunch of then-unknowns). This was also done for Rolling Stones No. 2 and the UK version of Between the Buttons.