Music / Simon & Garfunkel
From left to right:
Art Garfunkel and Paul Simon.

"Hello darkness, my old friend
I've come to talk with you again
Because a vision softly creeping
Left its seeds while I was sleeping
And the vision that was planted in my brain
Still remains within the sound of silence."
— "The Sound of Silence"

Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel (both born 1941) first came together in 1957 under the name Tom & Jerry, but rose to fame as Simon & Garfunkel almost ten years later, mostly due to their hit "The Sound of Silence" (1965). Both men were childhood friends growing up in Queens, New York a few blocks away from each other.

With the release of "The Sounds of Silence", Simon & Garfunkel became one of the Trope Codifiers of folk-rock alongside The Byrds. The song was also their first hit on the pop charts, reaching the number one spot on New Year's Day in 1966. Subsequent hits included "I Am a Rock", "Homeward Bound", and "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", which combined the English folk ballad "Scarborough Fair" with an anti-war poem sung in counterpoint, Later, their fame took an ever bigger boost when their music was used in the film The Graduate, which not only included their older songs (which was rare at that time for film) but also new material like "Mrs. Robinson."

The duo split up following the release of their album Bridge over Troubled Water in 1970. Simon went on to experience a Breakup Breakout and a successful solo career, while Garfunkel is still best known for his efforts with the duo, although he's also known for singing the Theme Song of Watership Down and for his acting roles in such films as Catch-22, Carnal Knowledge, and Bad Timing (while Paul Simon appeared in Annie Hall and One Trick Pony). They have reunited (and broken up again) several times over the years. Most famously, they came together for a 1981 free concert in Central Park, which drew a crowd of over half a million.

Principal Members (Founding members in bold):

  • Art Garfunkel - lead vocals, piano (1957–1965, 1966–1970, 1975, 1981–1983, 1993, 2003–2004, 2009–2010)
  • Paul Simon - lead vocals, guitar (1957–1965, 1966–1970, 1975, 1981–83, 1993, 2003–2004, 2009–2010)

Studio and Live Discography:

  • 1964 - Wednesday Morning, 3 AM
  • 1966 - Sounds of Silence
  • 1966 - Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme
  • 1968 - The Graduate
  • 1968 - Bookends
  • 1970 - Bridge over Troubled Water
  • 1982 - The Concert in Central Park
  • 2002 - Live from New York City, 1967
  • 2004 - Old Friends: Live on Stage
  • 2008 - Live 1969

They/Their work feature examples of:

  • Accent Upon The Wrong Syllable: "The Sound of Silence"'s first verse features "Because a vision softlyY creepING left its seeds while I waAS sleepING". In fact, the emphasis for that part in nearly every verse is wrong.
  • Aerith and Bob.
  • Album Title Drop: Parsley, Sage, Rosemary, and Thyme. A bit of an inversion, as the title comes from the lyric itself (the lyric being from the traditional song "Scarborough Fair").
    • From "Old Friends": "Old friends / Sat on a park bench like bookends."note 
  • All Are Equal in Death: The ending of "Sparrow".
  • American Title: "America"
  • And Now for Someone Completely Different: "Voices of Old People", which precedes "Old Friends", consists of Real Life interviews from residents in a Jewish old age home.
  • Anti-Christmas Song: "Seven O' Clock News/Silent Night"
  • Before My Time: "A Simple Desultory Philippic":
    When you say Dylan, he thinks you're talking about Dylan Thomas
    Whoever he was
    The man ain't got no culture
  • Big Applesauce: "Bleecker Street", "The Only Living Boy in New York", "The 59th Street Bridge Song", and their triumphant 1981 live album, The Concert in Central Park
  • Big Guy, Little Guy: Garfunkel (standing at 1.83m or 6 feet tall) towered over Paul Simon (1.6m/5'2") in height.
  • Blah Blah Blah: In "Save the Life of My Child":
    A patrol car passing by halted to a stop
    Said Officer MacDougal in dismay,
    "The force can't do a decent job
    'Cause the kids got no respect for the law today"
    (Art then sings in bored tone) and blah blah blah...
  • Bookends: The aptly-named pair of "Bookends Theme" songs on the aptly-named Bookends album aptly bookend the A-side of the album.
  • B.S.O.D. Song: "Patterns"
  • Call Back: "Save the Life of My Child" off of Bookends has a sample from "The Sounds of Silence".
  • Central Theme: Nearly all of their songs involve an inability to communicate. Some overt, some subtle. Becomes Harsher in Hindsight when they broke up.
  • Changed for the Video: When they performed "The Boxer" live for their 1981 concert in Central Park, the song has an entire verse (starting with "Now the years are rolling by me/They are rocking evenly") that is absent from the original version of the song as recorded on Bridge over Troubled Water. On the album, that part of the song is an instrumental break.
  • Christmas Songs: In 1967 they recorded two carols ("The Star Carol" and "Comfort and Joy") for a planned Christmas single. It was never released, though the A-side turned up on a couple of multi-artist Christmas compilations and both songs were eventually included in the Old Friends box set.
    • Also, their rendition of "Go Tell It on the Mountain" from the first album. And, of course, "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
  • Concept Album: Much of Bookends is tied together with the themes of aging and decaying love. Also, it has that song from The Graduate on it.
  • Dying Town: "My Little Town"
  • Driven to Suicide:
    • Contrary to what the narrator of "Richard Cory" thinks, the title character's wealth has not brought him happiness, and one night he goes home and shoots himself in the head.
    • The title character in "A Most Peculiar Man", an anti-social shut-in, turns the gas on before going to bed one night and asphyxiates himself.
  • Either/Or Title: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert McNamara'dnote  Into Submission)".
  • Folk Music: More so on their earlier material.
  • A Friend in Need / You Are Not Alone: "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
    I'm on your side/When times get rough/And friends just can't be found
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar:
  • Greatest Hits Album: They've had several. The first of them, released in 1972, is notable for its inclusion of live versions of "Homeward Bound" and a couple other songs in place of the studio originals.
  • The Hermit:
    • The singer in "I Am a Rock" has "built walls, a fortress deep and mighty, that none may penetrate" and spends his time shut up in his room with his books and his poetry, touching no-one and being touched by no-one.
    • The title character of "A Most Peculiar Man" was largely a mystery to the other people in his building, as he kept almost entirely to himself, and what little interaction he had with others was fractious at best.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: This is most notably expressed in "The Only Living Boy in New York" which is basically about Paul missing Art (the "Tom" in the song; in the early days when they performed as "Tom and Jerry," Art was "Tom") when the latter went to Mexico to film Catch-22.
  • Hypocritical Humor: "A Simple Desultory Phillipic"
    He's so unhip that when you say "Dylan,"
    He thinks you're talking about Dylan Thomas (whoever he was).
    The man ain't got no cultcha.
  • "I Am" Song: "I Am a Rock"
  • I Just Want to Be You: "Oh, I wish that I could be Richard Cory."
  • Imagine Spot:
    • "Fakin' It"
      Prior to this lifetime
      I surely was a tailor
      Look at me:
      (“Good morning, Mr. Leitch! Have you had a busy day?”)
    • All of the next song, "Punky's Dilemna", where the singer fantasizes himself and other things as objects.
  • In the Style of...: Their early recordings as Tom and Jerry were a inspired by The Everly Brothers' sound (whose song "Bye Bye Love" was covered on the Bridge Over Troubled Water album).
  • Intercourse with You: "Cecilia" (going by a strictly literal interpretation of the song), "Baby Driver"
  • Last Note Nightmare: "Richard Cory" features this with a stinger just before the final chorus, sure to startle.
    He freely gave to charity, he had the common touch
    And they were grateful for his patronage, and they thanked him very much
    So my mind was filled with wonder when the evening headlines read:
    Richard Cory went home last night and put a bullet through his head.
    • The lyric then continues with
      And I wish that I could be, yes I wish that I could be, Oh I wish that I could be Richard Cory. Of course, this was adapted from the poem by Edwin Arlington Robinson, which ended basically with the spoiled line.
    • Their Bookends album has a First Note Nightmare at the start of "Save The Life of My Child", the second track of the album; made more jarring by the fact that the prelude was so gentle and puts the listener in a relaxed state of mind...and then WHAM.
  • Laughing Mad: The end of "Cecilia", the singer's equivalent of throwing up his hands and giving in.
  • Lesser Star: Former Trope Namer. Art Garfunkel has been characterized as the junior partner in the duo, and there is truth in that, as Simon sang, played guitar, and wrote all the music, while Garfunkel only sang. For many fans, that was enough because Garfunkel was by far the more talented vocalist. As such, Garfunkel had a big hand in the vocal arrangements, and helped create the close harmonies that were one of the group's calling cards. One way to observe what Garfunkel brought to the act is to listen to The Concert in Central Park and pay attention to the Paul Simon solo tunes sung by the duo: "Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard", "American Tune", "Late in the Evening", "Slip Slidin' Away", and "Kodachrome". The sound of the Simon and Garfunkel performances is very different from the original Paul Simon versions.
  • Live Album: The Concert in Central Park, and the archival releases Live from New York City, 1967 and Live 1969.
  • Location Song: "America"
    Counting the cars
    On the New Jersey Turnpike
    They've all come
    To look for America,
    All come to look for America,
    All come to look for America.
  • Lonely at the Top: "Richard Cory"
  • Loners Are Freaks: Deconstructed in "A Most Peculiar Man"
  • Lyrical Dissonance: "I Am A Rock", "The Sun Is Burning"
  • Name and Name
  • Never Be Hurt Again: "I Am a Rock" describes the feelings of someone who doesn't want to love any more because they were hurt by it once.
    Don't talk of love
    Well, I've heard the word before
    It's sleeping in my memory
    I won't disturb the slumber of feelings that have died
    If I never loved I never would have cried
  • New Sound Album: Their debut, Wednesday Morning, 3 AM, had more of a traditional acoustic folk sound; the second album, Sounds of Silence, was where they shifted to more of a rock instrumentation and approach. The former album even had "The Sounds of Silence" in its original folk-style arrangement, whilst the latter introduced the familiar folk-rock version.
  • Not Staying for Breakfast: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM"
  • Obsession Song: "Why Don't You Write Me", complete with a threat of suicide near the end.
  • One Woman Song: "Mrs. Robinson", "Cecilia", "Kathy's Song", "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her"
  • Putting the Band Back Together: More than once. The duo reunited for a single song, "My Little Town", in 1975. In 1981 they came together for a free concert in Central Park, New York City, which drew a crowd of over 500,000 people. This led to a world tour and their first new album in over a decade—until Simon mixed Garfunkel's vocals out of the album completely and released it as a Paul Simon solo album titled Hearts and Bones. In the 1990s the duo toured together briefly, and in the 2000s they reunited again and toured extensively.
  • Refrain from Assuming: "Feeling Groovy" is actually "The 59th Street Bridge Song," but few people remember that.
  • Repurposed Pop Song: "The Sounds of Silence" was used during the film adaptation of Watchmen. It is also the opening song for The Graduate, which also uses "Scarborough Fair/Canticle" several times.
    • "At the Zoo" was used for advertisements for the Bronx Zoo and the San Francisco Zoo in the late 1970s, though this may overlap with "Isn't It Ironic?" due to the song being more of an allegory for human nature. However, Paul Simon himself later re-purposed the song in the form of a children's book with the same title.
    • "Bookends" was used as a New Year's Eve song for a while by networks, reminiscing about the past year in a montage.
  • Riddle for the Ages: The four letter word written in crayon on the subway wall in "A Poem on the Underground Wall". Wild Mass Guessing has ensued on that, ranging from "LOVE" to "FUCK". Garfunkel's concert intro for the song implied it was the latter (it was inspired by graffiti they saw in the subway while shooting the cover photo for Wednesday Morning, 3 AM).
  • Ripped from the Headlines: Paul Simon wrote "A Most Peculiar Man" after reading a notice in a London newspaper about a suicide.
  • Rockumentary: Simon and Garfunkel: Songs of America is a rather unique television special that aired on CBS in 1969. Much of the special is a fairly conventional rockumentary featuring interviews with the duo, footage of the duo working in the studio, and film from the 1969 tour. This portion includes Early Bird Cameos of "The Boxer", "Bridge Over Troubled Water", and "So Long, Frank Lloyd Wright". The rest of the film is a series of montages of the social and historical upheavals of The '60s (civil rights protest, Robert Kennedy's funeral train, etc), with Simon and Garfunkel songs as the musical accompaniment.
  • Rule of Symbolism: A lot of it. For example, any time a betrayal is implied, thirty pieces of silver (or dollars) is referenced.
  • Safety in Indifference: "I Am a Rock" is all about this.
    I've built walls,
    A fortress deep and mighty,
    That none may penetrate.
    I have no need of friendship; friendship causes pain.
    Its laughter and its loving I disdain.
  • Sarcasm Mode / Self-Deprecation: At the end of "A Simple Desultory Philippic", Paul Simon sarcastically says, "Folk rock" and drops the harmonica.
  • Scatting: "The Boxer" and its "Lie la lie" chorus.note 
  • Single Stanza Song: "Bookends"
  • Society Marches On: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night" in particular. Gee, Lenny Bruce died this year?
  • Soundtrack Dissonance: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night". Big time.
  • Something Completely Different: On Bridge Over Troubled Water, "Baby Driver" (a silly little Intercourse with You song in great contrast to the very serious tone of most of the other songs) and "Bye Bye Love" (a cover of The Everly Brothers, and possibly a Call Back to their earlier years as "Tom and Jerry").
    • On Bookends, there's "Voices of Old People", which consists of people in a New York City retirement home making conversation with Art Garfunkel.
    • The Sound of Silence features the instrumental track "Anji", composed by Dave Graham.
  • The Something Song: "The 59th Street Bridge Song" and "Kathy's Song"
  • Spoken Word in Music: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
  • Spy Cam: Referenced in "America".
    She said, the man in the gabardine suit was a spy. I said, "Be careful, his bow tie is really a camera".
  • A Storm Is Coming: Inverted in "The Sun is Burning"
  • Streetwalker: "The Boxer"
    Asking only workman's wages I come looking for a job
    But I get no offers
    Just a come-on from the whores on Seventh Avenue
    I do declare
    There were times when I was so lonesome I took some comfort there
  • Take That: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert Mc Namara'd into Submission)" is a rather savage Bob Dylan parody.
    • "The Boxer" was also interpreted as a Take That to Dylan, but Simon has Jossed that interpretation, explaining that it was actually about himself in a period he felt like he was constantly criticised. Dylan's own Cover Version of it was seen as a Take That in return.
  • There's No Place Like Home: "Homeward Bound".
    Homeward Bound, I wish I was homeward bound
    Home, where my thought's escaping
    Home, where my music's playing
    Home, where my love lies waiting silently for me
  • This Is a Song: "Song for the Asking", also "Leaves That Are Green" ("I was twenty-one years when I wrote this song").
  • Travel Montage: A musical version in "America".
  • Traveling Salesman: "Keep the Customer Satisfied"
  • Updated Re-release: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM" and "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" are more or less the same song, though the former is done as a folk ballad while the latter is poppier and begins with a bit of "Anji".
    • The Cover Changes the Meaning: "3 AM" is a melancholy reflection from a man taking comfort in his lover's company one last time before the law takes him away. "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" changes the instrumentation to angry rock and adds new lyrics in the form of a chorus (including the title line) that indicate the singer plans to flee, unrepentant. Note that the same band released both the original and the cover.
    • "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Robert Macnamara'd Into Submission)" from Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is a darker, more cynical version of "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Lyndon Johnson'd Into Submission)" from Paul Simon's British album The Paul Simon Songbook
    • "The Sounds of Silence" was originally released as a folk tune with the duo singing and Simon playing acoustic guitar. It went nowhere, and the duo broke up. Then the record company dubbed a whole new electric arrangement (guitar, bass, drums) onto the song and released the single again. It was a hit, and Simon and Garfunkel's career took off.
  • Vocal Tag Team
  • Vitriolic Best Buds: Very much, as anyone who's watched Paul snipe at Art onstage can verify. Simon has referred to Garfunkel as "my partner in arguments" on occasion.
  • Wanderlust Song: "And we walked off/To look for America"
  • Writers Cannot Do Math: Jokingly invoked on the label for the "Fakin' It" single in 1967, which listed the song's running time as 2:74. It was either a Stealth Pun (the song's called "Fakin' It" and it has a fake time listed) or a sneaky way to fool radio stations into thinking the song was under three minutes.

Alternative Title(s): Simon And Garfunkel