Quick, name the biggest-selling musical act that's ever emerged from UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}. Antonio Carlos Jobim? Nice try. Milton Nascimento? Nope. Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso and so on? Not even close. It's actually a HeavyMetal band named Sepultura.

Sepultura [[note]]Portuguese for "grave" - the name comes from the Music/{{Motorhead}} song "Dancing On Your Grave"[[/note]] are a metal band from Belo Horizonte that's been kicking around since 1984 and is [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff one of the few Brazilian acts that's even more popular to the north in the USA]]. They've been active in quite a few subgenres of metal but they're most famous as one of the most important GrooveMetal bands.

The band was formed in 1984 by brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, who drew influences at first from popular eighties metal and rock bands like Music/IronMaiden, Music/{{Motorhead}}, Music/{{ACDC}}, Music/JudasPriest and Music/VanHalen, but later on expanded into more extreme metal acts like Music/{{Venom}}, Music/{{Metallica}}, [[Music/ExodusBand Exodus]] and Music/{{Sodom}}. After some lineup difficulties, Sepultura obtained a record contract and released their debut ''Morbid Visions'' in 1986. Visions remains the only pure DeathMetal album the band ever released before their sound started evolving.

Lead guitarist Jairo Guedes lost interest in death metal soon afterwards and quit, replaced by Andreas Kisser. Not only did this create Sepultura's "classic lineup", but it also changed their sound as Kisser brought in more influences apart from death metal. With ''Schizophrenia'', the band switched to a hybrid of ThrashMetal and DeathMetal that earned them critical acclaim. Also around this time they began making waves in the USA, moving to metal label Roadrunner Records and touring the hell out of ''Schizophrenia'' and ''Beneath the Remains''.

Recorded in the USA, their 1991 album ''Arise'' increased their popularity and showed the band's first exploration of other genres while still keeping their thrash/death sound. The real change came with ''Chaos A.D.'' two years later. On Chaos, Sepultura ditched the thrash/death fusion and instead dove headfirst into GrooveMetal, combining Igor's groove-laden rhythms with churning riffs and a [[NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly genre stew]] that included IndustrialMetal, HardcorePunk and Brazilian percussion. Thanks to Andy Wallace's heavy production and several successful singles ("Refuse/Resist", "Territory", "Slave New World"), ''Chaos'' became the band's breakthrough album, earning both commercial and critical success. Their similarly-acclaimed followup ''Music/{{Roots}}'' was yet another change in sound (NuMetal this time) that also placed emphasis on Brazilian percussion (supplied by Carlinhos Brown) and featured a collaboration with members of the Brazilian Xavante Indian tribe, as well as appearances by [[Music/{{Korn}} Jonathan Davis]], [[Music/LimpBizkit DJ Lethal]], and [[Music/FaithNoMore Mike Patton]].

Max Cavalera left the band shortly after the album's release in 1996, for still unclear reasons, and instead formed his own band, Music/{{Soulfly}}. He was replaced by Derrick Green. The new Sepultura lineup predictably created a BrokenBase and carried on with modestly acclaimed but poorer-selling albums like ''Against'', ''Nation'', ''Roorback'' and the ConceptAlbum ''Dante XXI''. Igor himself left the band in 2006.

Max and Igor later got back together to form a new band named Cavalera Conspiracy which has caused an even more BrokenBase as fans are now divided as to which band is the real Sepultura and which is the EvilKnockoff which is further confounded by the fact that Sepultura's music is almost unanimously agreed upon by fans to have improved in recent years.

!!Current Lineup:
* Paulo Jr. - bass, backing vocals (1985-present)
* Andreas Kisser - lead guitar, backing vocals (1987-present)
* Derrick Green - lead vocals (1997-present)
* Eloy Casagrande drums, percussion (2011-present)

!! Former Members:
* Igor Cavalera drums, percussion (19842006)
* Max Cavalera lead vocals, rhythm guitar, berimbau (19851997), lead guitar, backing vocals (19841985)
* Cassio rhythm guitar (1984)
* Wagner Lamounier lead vocals (19841985)
* Roberto Raffan bass (1984)
* Beto Pinga drums (1984)
* Roberto UFO rhythm guitar (1984)
* Julio Cesar Vieira Franco lead guitar (1985)
* Jairo Guedes lead guitar (19851987)
* Jean Dolabella drums, percussion (20062011)

!! Touring Members:
* Silvio Golfetti lead guitar (1991)
* Guilherme Martin drums, percussion (2005)
* Roy Mayorga drums, percussion (2006)
* Amilcar Christófaro drums (2011)
* Kevin Foley drums, percussion (2013)


* ''Bestial Devastation'' EP (1985) - split EP with Brazilian band Overdose.
* ''Morbid Visions'' (1986)
* ''Schizophrenia'' (1987)
* ''Beneath the Remains'' (1989)
* ''Arise'' (1991)
* ''Chaos A.D.'' (1993)
* ''Music/{{Roots}}'' (1996)
* ''The Roots of Sepultura'' (1996) - compilation of unreleased tracks, B-sides, alternate mixes, demos and live recordings.
* ''Blood-Rooted'' (1997) - another compilation of more unreleased tracks, B-sides, remixes and live recordings.
* ''Against'' (1998) - the first album featuring Derrick Green
* ''Nation'' (2001)
* ''Revolusongs'' EP (2003) - an EP of {{Cover Version}}s.
* ''Roorback'' (2003)
* ''Dante XXI'' (2006)
* ''A-Lex'' (2009)
* ''Kairos'' (2011)
* ''The Mediator Between Head and Hands Must Be the Heart'' (2013)
* ''Machine Messiah'' (2017)


* AscendedFanboy: Derrick Green
* TheBandMinusTheFace:
** Since the departure of Max Cavalera in 1996, even though Andreas seems to have supplanted Max in the FaceOfTheBand status, given his appearances in music conventions all over the country.
** As of 2006, there are no original members left after Igor's departure.
* BlindIdiotTranslation: Frequent.
* ConceptAlbum / FilkSong: ''Dante XXI''' is based on ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'', and ''A-Lex'', on ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' (though Max Cavalera stated the rest of the band [[http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=112604 did not even like it]]).
* CoverVersion: "Drug Me" by the Music/TheDeadKennedys, "Orgasmatron" by Music/{{Motorhead}}, "The Hunt" by New Model Army, "A Hora e a Vez do Cabelo Nascer" by Music/OsMutantes, "Crucificados Pelo Sistema" by Ratos de Porão, "Procreation (of the Wicked)" by Music/CelticFrost, "Inhuman Nature" by Final Conflict, "Polícia" by Titãs, "War" by Music/BobMarley, "Symptom of the Universe" by Music/BlackSabbath, "Just One Fix" by Ministry , "Firestarter" by Music/TheProdigy.
** CoverAlbum: ''Revolusongs'', with covers from Music/{{Hellhammer}} ("Messiah"), Music/MassiveAttack ("Angel"), Music/PublicEnemy ("Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos"), Music/{{Devo}} ("Mongoloid"), Music/JanesAddiction ("Mountain Song"), Music/{{U2}} ("Bullet the Blue Sky"), [[Music/ExodusBand Exodus]] ("Piranha") and Music/{{Metallica}} (the medley "Enter Sandman"/"Fight Fire With Fire").
** "Monologo Ao Pé Do Ouvido" by Music/ChicoScience and "We Gotta Know" by the Music/CroMags were also covered on the live album ''Under A Pale Grey Sky'', among others already mentioned.
** A notable cover of a Sepultura song is "Roots Bloody Roots" by German metal band J.B.O., where half of the lyrics are sung in operatic style by one "[[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed Luciano Pabarotti]]." Became a [[CrowningMomentofAwesome CMoA]] when both bands appeared together on stage at a festival in 2007, performing said song.
* FiveManBand: The classic lineup, including their then-manager Gloria Cavalera.
** TheLeader: Max
** TheLancer: Andreas
** TheSmartGuy: Paulo
** TheBigGuy: Igor
** TheChick: Gloria
* FourTemperamentEnsemble:
** Paulo: Melancholic
** Andreas: Choleric
** Derrick: Sanguine
** Eloy: Phlegmatic
* GutturalGrowler: Max. Derrick less so.
* HarshVocals: For the most part, but after Derrick Green showed up, you can occasionally hear clean vocals.
* HeartbeatSoundtrack: ''Chaos'' starts with the heartbeat of Max's son.
* IAmTheBand: Andreas Kisser is Sepultura. It used to be the Cavalera brothers of Max and Igor, who co-founded the band. Then Max quit in 1996, which left Igor in control. Then Igor quit in 2006, so since then, Andreas has taken control and been behind much of Sepultura's songwriting and composition, as well as appearing the most in the band's press conferences.
* LongTitle: Their album "The Mediator Between the Head and Hands Must Be the Heart"
* LoopedLyrics / SingleStanzaSong: "We Who Are Not As Others".
* MetalScream: Many, many examples (part of why the vocals are [[TheUnintelligible so hard to understand]]). '''WAR FOR TERRITOOOOOOOOOOORYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY!'''
** Max is a Type 3. Derrick is a Type 1.
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: ''Bestial Devestations'', ''Morbid Visions'' and ''Schizophrenia'' would be in the 9 to 10 range. ''Beneath The Remains'' is a 9. ''Arise'' and ''Chaos A.D.'' are an 8 or 9 (except for "Kaiowas"). While their following albums are generally a 7 to 9, except for their acoustic instrumentals, which would be a 1 ("Jasco") to 3 ("Itsari").
** "Ratamahatta" from ''Music/{{Roots}}'' would be a 6.
* NewSoundAlbum: Several:
** ''Schizophrenia'' marked a shirt from first-wave BlackMetal to a [[DeathMetal Death]] / [[ThrashMetal Thrash]] sound.
** ''Chaos A.D.'' pushed them in the direction of GrooveMetal and AlternativeMetal.
** ''Music/{{Roots}}'' was similar to ''Chaos'', but added NuMetal and more prominent Brazilian influences to the mix.
** The first several albums with Green largely continued the overall GrooveMetal / AlternativeMetal vibes of ''Chaos'' and ''Roots'', but they began incorporating more obvious ThrashMetal influences on ''Roorback''.
** ''A-Lex'' had them settling on a sound that fused all of their various sounds over the years except their earliest BlackMetal stuff into a fairly coherent (and heavy) whole, which they have more-or-less stuck with to this day.
* NuMetal: ''Music/{{Roots}}''. Some of their post-Max albums have elements of it, though.
* PrecisionFStrike: Pretty frequent (Max does drop {{Cluster F Bomb}}s, but in music, these are carefully dropped). An example from "Refuse/Resist":
--> ''Inside the state''
--> ''War is created''
--> ''No man's land''
--> ''What is this shit?''
* ScaryBlackMan: Derrick. Try not to be intimidated by this big guy.
* SiblingTeam: Max and Igor before they leave the band
* StartMyOwn:
** Before Soulfly and Cavalera Conspiracy, there was Wagner Lamounier and Sarcofago.
** Max Cavalera formed his own band Music/{{Soulfly}} when he left Sepultura.
** Once Igor got out of the band, he formed Music/CavaleraConspiracy with his brother Max.
* StupidStatementDanceMix: The band did this to themselves with "Chaos B.C.", which is mostly lifted from "Refuse/Resist", with bits of "Nomad" and "Manifest" thrown in for good measure.
* TakeThat: "Cut Throat" from ''Music/{{Roots}}'' has one towards their former recording label, going like this:
--> ''Integrity will free our soul from/[[FunWithAcronyms Enslavement! Pathetic Ignorant Corporations]]!''.
* [[WordSaladTitle Word Salad Titles]] [[WordSaladLyrics And Lyrics]]: The band initially didn't know much English, and even now can be really poor speakers. So they let Max, who knew the most English, name their songs by using a Portuguese-English dictionary. Thus we got "Show Me the Wrath," "From the Past Comes the Storms" (or its demo title, "[[{{Engrish}} The Past Reborns the Storms]]"), "Septic Schizo," "Sarcastic Existence" and some others.
** Also "Ratamahatta," even though it is sung completely in Portuguese.
** Parodied by Mamonas Assassinas, a compatriot, [[OneBookAuthor short]]-[[AuthorExistenceFailure lived]] comedy NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly band, whose song "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-lYaIKPJLQ Débil Metal]]"[[note]]a play on "débil mental" - lit. "weak of mind," used to describe stupid, crazy people[[/note]] is sung on the style of Sepultura, with the vocalist doing an impression of Max:
--> ''I just can't explain, it melts in my mouth''
--> ''Dying to me now is popcorn''
* WorldMusic: Their album ''Music/{{Roots}}'' is notable because it incorporates traditional Brazilian music in its sound.