"He was born poor, died rich, and never hurt anyone along the way."
Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) was a massively influential Jazz
musician. Born in New Orleans, he learned how to play the trumpet and cornet, and engaged in a fifty-year career in jazz. He is considered the Trope Codifier
for many basic elements of jazz, including improvisation and scat singing
Nowadays, his most well-known contribution to pop culture is the song "What A Wonderful World", which is frequently used for Soundtrack Dissonance
He was the first African American to host a nationally broadcast radio show in the 1930s
. He's also had several film appearances such as High Society
and the film version of Hello, Dolly!
, and a few where he played himself: New Orleans
, The Five Pennies
and A Song Is Born
Note that although he's commonly known these days as Louie
Armstrong, most jazz aficionados are careful to pronounce his first name "Lewis". This can be Serious Business
among those who see the "Louie" nickname as cartoonish and disrespectful - as did Armstrong himself.Not to be confused with the muscle-bound Strong-Arm Alchemist whose skills were passed down through the Armstrong line for generations!!
Songs Of note:
- West End Blues
- Struttin' With Some Barbecue
- What A Wonderful World
- When The Saints Go Marching In
- Dream A Little Dream Of Me
- Ain't Misbehavin'
- Stompin' At The Savoy
- (What Did I Do To Be So) Black and Blue
- We Have All The Time In The World
- Hello, Dolly!
- Heebie Jeebies
- St. James Infirmary
- Mack the Knife
Albums Of note:
- Louis Armstrong Plays W.C. Handy
- Ella And Louis
- Porgy And Bess
- Louis Armstrong Meets Oscar Peterson
- The Real Ambassadors
- Struttin' (posthumous)
- The Complete Hot 5 and Hot 7 Recordings
Tropes found in his music include:
- As Himself: Appeared in a lot of movies, but mostly played himself.
- Big Band: Although he preferred to play in smaller groups, he was one of the big band leaders of the 1940s.
- Concept Album: The Real Ambassadors.
- Cool Old Guy: Well duh. In 1964 he kicked The Beatles out of the #1 spot with "Hello Dolly!"...when Satchmo was 63! The BEATLES!
- Cover Version
- Cut Song: Ain't It The Truth from Cabin In The Sky.
- Deep South: Loved to evoke imagery from the American South in his music, like When It's Sleepy Time Down South.
- Epic Swinging
- Expository Theme Tune: High Society Calypso for the 1956 film ''High Society'.
- Guttural Growler: Armstrong's singing voice was famously gravelly, but no less expressive for that.
- Iconic Outfit: His blue and/or black suit, white handkerchief in one hand, trumpet in the other.
- Improv: Armstrong is the first great jazz improviser on record. Since jazz is characterised by lots of improvisation, this makes Armstrong the first great jazz musician on record. Trope Codifier, indeed.
- Instrumental: His trumpet solos were often this.
- It Is Pronounced Tro PAY: As mentioned above, Armstrong was insistent on pronouncing his first name "Lewis" rather than the diminutive "Louie," making the latter a bit of a Fandom Berserk Button today. Ironically, seeing that Louis is a French name it's supposed to be pronounced Louie.
- Jazz: Synonymous with the genre.
- Large Ham: Enjoyed clowning it up in front of the camera.
- Mammy: Character in When It's Sleepy Time Down South.
- Music of Note: To many listeners, Louis Armstrong defines the entire genre of Jazz.
- Murder Ballad: Mack The Knife, You Rascal You. It's been noted that in Armstrong's early years playing sleazy dives in New Orleans, he would have known plenty of Mack the Knifes.
- Rags to Riches: Grew up in a poor black neighbourhood, managed to become an internationally famous musical superstar despite racial discrimination and prejudices, as well as respected as an innovative, influential and creative artist and died rich.
- Real Song Theme Tune: Frank's Place used Do You Know What It Means To Miss New Orleans?.
- The Sacred Darkness: "The dark sacred night" is mentioned in "What a Wonderful World."
- Singing Simlish: Trope Codifier of the "scat" technique of singing that uses nonsense syllables on improvised vocal lines.
- Something Blues: West End Blues, Potatohead Blues,...
- Soprano and Gravel: Armstrong's collaborations with Ella Fitzgerald. Possibly the Ur Example.
- Southern-Fried Genius: He was from New Orleans, but in addition to being a musical genius, Armstrong was a lifelong reader and talented, idiosyncratic writer who carried a dictionary with him on tour. He's one of the few great jazz musicians to have a distinctive literary style, and the only one whose Selected Writings are published by Oxford University Press.
- Suspiciously Apropos Music: Fallout 2 uses A Kiss To Build A Dream On in the beginning.
- Likewise, the titular Invisible Man of Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man plays Armstrong's version of (What Did I Do to Be So) Black and Blue in the novel's introduction.
- Took A Level In Cheerfulness: His public persona was being a man who was eternally happy and joyful. Yet he could also play and sing melancholic tunes, like Black And Blue.
- Uncle Tom Foolery: The always jolly Armstrong was often accused of doing this, but jazz critic Gary Giddins has retorted that to dislike or resent Armstrong's eternally cheerful demeanour is to diminish him as an artist by refusing to allow him to be himself; Armstrong projected confidence and warmth without ever losing dignity.