'''Jellyfish''' are a San Franciscan PowerPop band founded by childhood friends, vocalist/drummer/multi-instrumentalist Andy Sturmer and keyboardist Roger Joseph Manning Jr. in 1990, from the ashes of AlternativeRock [[TheEighties 1980s]] band Beatnick Beatch. The group image was decidedly retro, a deliberately kitschy, brightly colorful, psychedelic look with gaudy bellbottoms, Dr. Seuss hats, frilly shirts, lollipops and umbrellas, a Flanderization of Music/TheBeatles' ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine''-style fashions meeting a Creator/HannaBarbera cartoon come to life.

Musically, the band drew from many [[TheSixties '60s]] and [[TheSeventies '70s]] influences, particularly in regards to catchy, sunny, singalong pop with playful, intelligent (and often [[LyricalDissonance lyrically dissonant]]) lyrics. Elements of Music/{{Queen}}, Music/TheBeatles, Music/TheBeachBoys, Music/TheZombies, Music/TheMonkees, Music/TheBananaSplits, Music/ElectricLightOrchestra, Music/{{Badfinger}}, Music/{{Supertramp}} and Music/{{XTC}} shaped the style of the band[[note]]Manning first met guitarist Jason Falkner because he placed an ad for bandmates which mentioned XTC[[/note]], they had their own distinctive style, one which influenced countless PowerPop group following their demise in 1994. Their arrangements were meticulously detailed, and their songs [[{{Earworm}} had a tendency to stick in your head]] long after you've heard them.

The band failed to get much success in a mainstream way in the era of {{Grunge}}, and they [[ShortRunners only produced two albums in their short lifetime]]. They are known for [[OneHitWonder one hit]], the [[Series/ThePartridgeFamily Partridge Family]]-like "Baby's Coming Back", promoted by a Creator/HannaBarbera-produced AnimatedMusicVideo.


* Andy Sturmer - vocals, drums, keyboards, guitar
* Roger Manning - keyboards, vocals
* Jason Falkner - guitars, bass, vocals (1989-1992)
* Tim Smith bass, vocals (1992-1994)

A whole bunch of other session musicians contributed to ''Bellybutton'', while on ''Split Milk'' the band were joined by guitarists Lyle Workman, Jon Brion (who also handled some of the arrangements) and bassist Tom Wolk.


* ''Bellybutton'' (1990)
* ''White Knuckle Scorin[='=]'' (1991)
* ''Spilt Milk'' (1993)

!!Jellyfish provides examples of the following tropes:

* BandOfRelatives: Roger and Chris Manning were in the original lineup, though only Roger got to record with the band.
* BookEnds: On ''Spilt Milk'', "Brighter Day"'s orchestral outro is similar to the beginning of "Hush", at least until the chaotic crescendo comes in.
* ConceptAlbum: In the liner notes to ''Spilt Milk'''s 2015 re-release, [[WordOfGod Andy Sturmer describes the conceptual idea behind the album]] as "a series of dreams".
--> "The idea was that the album would start with a lullaby; you're being lulled off to sleep and carried in these different dreams, and then you wake up at the end with the alarm clock."
* DeadArtistsAreBetter: Thankfully averted with the band as of 2016, but "The Ghost At Number One" examines this trope lyrically.
* EpicRocking: "Ignorance Is Bliss", written for a Nintendo compilation album ''White Knuckle Scorin[='=]''.
** "Brighter Day" from ''Spilt Milk'' clocks in at 6:12. [[WordOfGod Andy Sturmer claimed in a radio interview in 1993]] that they were trying to fit in every sound from the rest of the album onto one track.
* GenreRoulette
* HurricaneOfPuns: Clever wordplay galore, courtesy of Andy Sturmer's lyrics.
* HurricaneOfEuphemisms: "He's My Best Friend" describes the protagonist's [[GettingCrapPastTheRadar private parts]].
** From "All Is Forgiven": "Hypocrite, four-flusher, snake in the grass, just a swindler, a wolf in sheep's clothing...LIAR!!"
* LeadDrummer: Andy was the frontman/co-leader, lead singer, drummer, wrote or co-wrote all of the band's originals and contributed guitar and keyboard parts and co-production. He also drummed standing up in front of the stage.
* LyricalDissonance: "Bedspring Kiss"; "Now She Knows She's Wrong"
* NiceHat: In their "The King Is Half Undressed" video.
* {{Retraux}}
* RevolvingDoorBand: Andy Sturmer and Roger Manning were the only two members to stay the course of the band. Interestingly enough, [[FaceOfTheBand they were the defacto leaders of the band]].
* SpiritualSuccessor: Of all musicians, Creator/DrakeBell seems to have taken a few cues from Jellyfish on his "It's Only Time" album. Hell, he even goes as far to cover "Joining a Fanclub" on his live concert DVD.
* VillainSong: "Ignorance is Bliss", which is sung from the perspective of [[Characters/SuperMarioBrosBowser Bowser]] from the ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' video games.