Declan Patrick Aloysius MacManus, better known by his Stage Name "Elvis Costello", has been a sometimes popular and always respectable musician and songwriter since the late seventies. He honed his skills playing in the pub rock band Flip City at night while working as a computer operator at Revlon's London branch. Soon after that, he signed a contract with fledgling record label Stiff and adopted a new name – an ironic Shout-Out to Elvis Presley (who died soon afterward) combined with his mother's maiden name.Costello was initially associated in the public mind with Punk Rock, and in terms of attitude there was a resemblance. (He had enjoyed seeing the Sex Pistols go head to head with morning TV host Bill Grundy.) Musically, his closest kinship was to classic sixties pop: The Kinks, Bob Dylan, early Who and especially The Beatles. While he had a troubled relationship with his backup band the Attractions, they were most suited to interpreting his diverse catalog of songs.Although he is often associated with his use of puns and wordplay in lyrics, these are devices that are most evident in his early works. As he has matured, Costello's humor has become less brash and sarcastic, more jocular and self-mocking. His curiosity and desire to collaborate with others has, among many other adventures, lead him to compose a score for the ballet, tour with T-Bone Burnett as a country duo, and write an album's worth of songs with Burt Bacharach.Television has seen him being banned from Saturday Night Live for a dozen years for changing songs unannounced, subbing for David Letterman during his heart surgery, and appearing As Himself on The Simpsons. Charges that he is an international art thief are still being investigated.He also hosted two seasons of a music/interview show called Spectacle: Elvis Costello with... which aired on the Sundance Channel in the US and Channel Four in the UK.
"Everyday, everyday, everyday I write the tropes":
My Aim Is True (from a line in "Alison"), Punch the Clock (from "The Greatest Thing"), King of America (from "Brilliant Mistake"), Blood and Chocolate (from "Uncomplicated"), and Brutal Youth (from "Favourite Hour").
It's also played with on This Year's Model (a line in "(I Don't Want To Go To) Chelsea" refers to "last year's model", and another song on the album is titled "This Year's Girl"), and Mighty Like A Rose has "The Other Side Of Summer", which refers to "the mightiest rose, the absence of perfume".
Animated Music Video – "Accidents Will Happen", which was later displayed at the Museum of Modern Art.
Argentina Is Naziland: Not just Argentina, but arguably the whole continent as suggested by this line from "Less Than Zero", which is about seeing British Fascist leader Oswald Mosley on television again:
"Well I hear that South America is coming into style"
Artifact Title - The album Almost Blue was named after a song considered for inclusion on it. Costello then decided that he would make an album of country covers and dropped the song from the album.
The Attractions released Mad About the Wrong Boy, a "solo" album without Costello, in 1980. Costello later covered one of its songs, "Sad About Girls".
The Imposters is essentially The Attractions minus Bruce Thomas.
Breakup Song – Quite a few, including "I'm Not Angry"and "I Felt the Chill". "Party Girl" is not so much a breakup song as a "I'm sorry, but we can never date" song.
Canon Discontinuity - Costello hates his 1982 single "Party Party" and has pretty much eradicated it from his discography, refusing to allow it to be included on any of his albums - not even expanded reissues or outtake collections. This appears to be a running gag at this point.
Creator Backlash – Costello has expressed disappointment with Goodbye Cruel World. The liner notes to the 1995 reissue open with the sentence "Congratulations, you've just bought our worst album", but continue by explaining that he feels this way because the period in which it was made was marred by personal concerns and he chose the wrong approach to recording the songs. In 2004, he noted that:
"Now, with the benefit of a little more distance, I am able to say that it is probably the worst record that I could have made of a decent bunch of songs."
Creator Breakdown - While making Blood and Chocolate, Costello had just had a messy divorce, was going through some trouble with his backing band The Attractions, and was rumored to be drinking an absolutely heroic amount of alcohol to cope. It's one of his bitterest albums, and (to some) one of the most underrated. His marital difficulties also contributed to Goodbye Cruel World's bland '80s production. On the other hand, his problems also inspired much of the material on Imperial Bedroom, which many fans consider to be his masterpiece and many critics list as one of the greatest albums of all time.
Dead Artists Are Better – "The Loved Ones" is an aversion. It's "a tale about the morbid practice of refusing to leave a nice clean corpse by contriving the legend of your decline."
Deadpan Snarker: His persona, and most likely his real demeanor, at least in the early stages of his career. His attitude has mellowed a little with time. On the other hand, given that his response to the death of Margaret Thatcher was to dust off some of his old anti-Thatcherite songs, he hasn't exactly gone soft.
Dream Team: He recorded an album with famed Rap/R&B band The Roots in 2013.
Film Noir: "Watching the Detectives" is basically a stylish run through the signifiers of the genre.
Genre Adultery - Costello doesn't just commit Genre Adultery—he commits Genre Nymphomania. To cite a few examples, he's done an album of country covers (Almost Blue), chamber music (The Juliet Letters), roots rock (King of America, The Delivery Man), jazz (My Flame Burns Blue), classical (Il Sogno), and bluegrass (Secret, Profane & Sugarcane).
His debut album tends toward a soft, country-rock style (much like his earlier work with Flip City), and Get Happy is largely based on mid-sixties pop styles such as Tex-Mex, and Motown and Memphis Soul.
Gone Horribly Right - His attempt to "bring a tiresome conversation to a swift conclusion" by using the "N word".
I Have Many Names - Names he's used in his songwriting credits include: Declan MacManus, The Imposter, and Napoleon Dynamitenote No relation to the movie, apparently.
Inaction Video – "I Wanna Be Loved" is played absolutely straight. Costello notes that
"The video clip made for this song is the only one that I feel really adds anything much to the performance. It was shot by Evan English while we were on tour in Melbourne. Having insisted that I stay up all night so that I was feeling quite overwrought, and this being a period of particularly difficult personal circumstances, Evan then placed me in a photo-booth set. As I performed the song, sometimes singing live over the track as well as lip-synching, a great variety of people entered the frame, whispering, blowing in my ear, or kissing me on the cheek. The effect was very unsettling, and the range of reactions seen were entirely genuine and somehow added gravity to a rather plastic-sounding record."
Lonely Piano Piece – "Someone Took the Words Away", particularly effective since Costello is known for writing songs with a lot of words crammed into them.
Longing Look: Mentioned by name in "Everyday I Write the Book."
Lyrical Cold Open - Costello's first three albums each possess one; "Welcome to the Working Week", "No Action", and "Accidents Will Happen". Other examples include "Mystery Dance", "I Hope You're Happy Now", "Next Time 'Round", "Indoor Fireworks", and "Poisoned Rose".
Lyrical Dissonance - The upbeat music that Costello tends to employ often masks how dark the lyrics are. One example is "Veronica", whose tune is so happy and poppy that you have to pay close attention to the lyrics to get that the song is about an elderly woman with Alzheimer's Disease.
Those twinkling keyboard riffs in "Green Shirt", which accompany such lyrics as:
Better cut off all identifying labels
Before they put you on the torture table
'Cause somewhere in the Quisling clinic
there's a shorthand typist taking seconds over minutes
An even more well-known example of this trope is "Oliver's Army", an upbeat Abba-inspired song (no, really) that sounds quite cheerful until you realise it's about sending young working-class men, barely out of school, off to fight (and die) in foreign wars.
Paul McCartney: A sporadic songwriting partnership led to several McCartney/Costello compositions scattered over both artists' albums in the late 80s and early 90s. One of their joint compositions, "Veronica", became one of the biggest hits of Costello's career. Costello joked that their collaboration reversed the dynamics one would expect, with Paul being the one who tried to write entire songs in one chord and similar weirdness, and Elvis being the one who was coming up with more melodic material.
Self-Backing Vocalist - The Attractions/Imposters often provide backing vocals, but Costello also provides his own harmony vocals much of the time. One song where this is particularly noticeable is "King Horse".
Sequel Song – Sometimes his compositions just have too many words for one song. "American Without Tears No. 2" and "...Dust" are good examples of this. "When I Was Cruel No. 2" is slightly unusual in that not only is it a completely different song than "When I Was Cruel No. 1", but it is on the album while "No. 1" was a B-side.