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[[caption-width-right:300:Chuck Berry in the 1950s.]]

->''"His mother told him someday you will be a man,\\
And you would be the leader of a big old band.\\
Many people coming from miles around\\
To hear you play your music when the sun go down."''
-->-- "'''Johhny B. Goode'''"

Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (October 18, 1926 March 18, 2017) was an American RockAndRoll guitarist, singer and songwriter best known for his string of pioneering hit singles during TheFifties. Indisputably one of the most important and influential performers of all time, his best known songs include "Johnny B. Goode", "Roll Over Beethoven", "Maybellene" and many more. It's generally considered that if it weren't for the racism at the time of his fame, Berry would have been crowned "King Of Rock And Roll" instead of Music/ElvisPresley by a vast majority.

Although his output slowed after a run-in with the law which saw him convicted for some time (in circumstances similar to those that wrecked the career of Music/JerryLeeLewis) and his hit-making period was over by the mid 1960s (with the exception of his only number-one hit, 1972's "My Ding-A-Ling"), Berry's influence on subsequent performers was significant. He was widely covered and cited as major influence by many [[UsefulNotes/TheBritishInvasion British Invasion]] bands, such as Music/TheAnimals, Music/TheBeatles, Music/TheHollies, Music/TheKinks, Music/ThePrettyThings, Music/TheRollingStones and Music/TheYardbirds.

Like his contemporaries Music/LittleRichard and Music/JerryLeeLewis, Berry remained fairly active over the past sixty years. On his 90th birthday in 2016, he announced that he was working on new songs for the first time since 1979, after decades of insisting he was too old to put out any more work. He thankfully managed to finish recording one final album before his death in March of the following year.

''Magazine/RollingStone'' recognizes him as the seventh greatest guitarist of all time on their list of [[UsefulNotes/RollingStone100GreatestGuitaristsOfAllTime 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time]].

!!Studio Discography:

* 1956 - ''Rock, Rock, Rock''
* 1957 - ''After School Sessions''
* 1958 - ''One Dozen Berrys''
* 1959 - ''Chuck Berry Is On Top''
* 1960 - ''Rockin' At The Hops''
* 1961 - ''New Juke Box Hits''
* 1964 - ''Two Great Guitars'' [[note]]A collaboration with Music/BoDiddley[[/note]]
* 1964 - ''St. Louis To Liverpool''
* 1965 - ''Chuck Berry In London''
* 1965 - ''Fresh Berry's''
* 1967 - ''Chuck Berry's Golden Hits''
* 1967 - ''Chuck Berry In Memphis''
* 1968 - ''From St. Louis To Frisco''
* 1969 - ''Concerto In B. Goode''
* 1970 - ''Back Home''
* 1971 - ''San Francisco Dues''
* 1972 - ''The London Chuck Berry Sessions'' [[note]]The first half of the album was recorded in the studio[[/note]]
* 1973 - ''Bio''
* 1975 - ''Chuck Berry''
* 1979 - ''Rock It''
* 1987 - ''Hail! Hail! Rock 'N' Roll''
* 2017 - ''Chuck'' (forthcoming)

!!Live Discography:

* 1963 - ''Chuck Berry On Stage'' [[note]]Studio recordings, both old and previously unreleased, with added echo and overdubbed audience[[/note]]
* 1967 - ''Live At The Fillmore Auditorium''
* 1972 - ''The London Chuck Berry Sessions'' [[note]]The second half of the album was recorded live[[/note]]
* 1978 - ''Chuck Berry Live In Concert''
* 1981 - ''Alive And Rockin'''
* 1981 - ''Chuck Berry Live''
* 1982 - ''Toronto Rock 'N' Roll Revival 1969 Vol. II''
* 1982 - ''Toronto Rock 'N' Roll Revival 1969 Vol. III''
* 2000 - ''Live!''
* 2000 - ''Live On Stage'' [[note]]Recorded in 1983[[/note]]
* 2002 - ''Chuck Berry - In Concert''

!! "Let me hear some of that trope and roll music, any old time you choose it":

* AudienceParticipationSong: One of most proliferated recordings of "My Ding-a-Ling" involves him getting the audience to sing the chorus back to him.
* BSide: A number of his best-known songs were actually the B-side of their respective singles, most notably "Memphis, Tennessee" (the A-side was "Back in the USA").
%% * BadassGrandpa: Naturally.
* BaitAndSwitch: "Memphis, Tennessee" appears to be a standard teenage love story about a guy desperately trying to get in touch with his girlfriend Marie, whose mother disapproves of them seeing each other. The last verse reveals that Marie is not his girlfriend but his daughter.
* ButNotTooBlack: The record company originally tried to hide the fact that he wasn't white. Of course, the advent of television made that pretty hard. They did make him change Johnny B Goode to a "country boy" rather than a "coloured boy", though.
* CallAndResponseSong: "School Day" features a contrapuntal pattern between Berry's vocal and his guitar.
%% * CarSong: "Maybellene"
* CoolOldGuy: Continued doing gigs well into his late 80s.
* CoverVersion: One of the most popular sources for covers, especially by the artists of UsefulNotes/TheBritishInvasion during the sixties.
* DirtyOldMan: As the infamous "[[NeverLiveItDown video cameras in the women's bathroom]]" incident can attest to.
** Then there's the sex tapes....[[{{Squick}} The less]] said [[{{Fetish}} about those]], the better.
** Casey, the protagonist of "Too Pooped To Pop" is an elderly man who hangs out at teen dances, so he could well have been one (though the song is more critical of his dancing skills).
* DoubleEntendre: "My Ding-a-Ling".
* EpicRocking: The instrumental "Concerto In B. Goode", at 18:40, is easily 5-6 times longer than most of his other songs.
* FlyingCar: "You Can't Catch Me".
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar:
** "No Particular Place To Go" has the teenage characters go to MakeOutPoint to... "take a stroll." Uh-huh. Of course, nothing happens.
-->''Can you imagine the way I felt?\\
I couldn't unfasten her safety belt!''
** "Brown-Eyed Handsome Man" is about interracial relationships, which needed a fair amount of radar-past-getting in 1956.
* GratuitousFrench: "You Never Can Tell" includes "monsieur and madam have rung the chapel bell/''C'est la vie'' said the old folks, goes to show you never can tell." Possibly justified, since the groom in the song ''is'' named Pierre.
* GratuitousSpanish: "La Juanda" from ''One Dozen Berrys'', where the narrator tries to pick up a woman in Tijuana but runs into a language barrier.
%% * HairTriggerTemper
* HeavyMeta: "Rock And Roll Music", "School Days", "Roll Over Beethoven". It was really what most of his lyrics were about.
* HurricaneOfPuns: In "Nadine" it's more like Hurricane of Similes ("like a wayward summer breeze", "like a mounted cavalier").
* ICantDance: "Carol".
* {{Jerkass}}: Many have theorised that his adherence to this trope is at least part of what kept him from becoming as big as someone like Elvis, who was the epitome of the NiceGuy.
* LetsYouAndHimFight: The title character of "Jo Jo Gunne" is a "meddlesome monkey" who pulls this scheme on a lion and elephant.
%% * ListingCities: "Sweet Little Sixteen", "Back in the U.S.A.", "Promised Land".
* MotorMouth: Several songs, most famously "Too Much Monkey Business".
* {{Neologism}}: "Motorvatin' ", from "Maybellene" (and later "No Money Down"), "botheration" in "Too Much Monkey Business".
* NonAppearingTitle: "Let it Rock", which is ''not'' an ode to ThePowerOfRock but an uptempo {{Blues}} song about working on a railroad.
* OdeToYouth: "School Day" is ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: An account of an everyday 1950s school day, up to the point where they finally let you out of school and you get to listen to rock and roll and dance.
-->''Hail! Hail! Rock and roll!\\
Deliver me from the days of old!''
%% * OneManSong: "Johnny B. Goode'', "Roll Over Beethoven".
%% * OneWomanSong: "Beautiful Delilah", "Nadine", among others.
* RepurposedPopSong: "You Never Can Tell" got a new life briefly due to it being featured in the big Creator/JohnTravolta-Creator/UmaThurman dance sequence in ''Film/PulpFiction.''
* RoadTripPlot: "Promised Land" has the narrator finagle his way from Virginia to LA by bus, train and plane.
* RockStarSong: "Johnny B. Goode" is about a young guitar player dreaming of stardom. The sequel "Bye Bye Johnny" reveals he made it.
* {{Rockumentary}}: ''Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll'', about his star-studded 60th birthday concerts in 1986.
* TheScrooge: He would rather go to jail (for the second time, even!) than pay a fine when he was sentenced for tax fraud in the seventies. When he goes on tour, he demands that the local organisers provide him with a backing band, because he doesn't want to pay travelling expenses for his own band.
* SelfPlagiarism:
** "No Particular Place to Go" is basically "School Day" with different lyrics.
** "Thirty Days" is a pretty blatant knockoff of "Maybellene".
** "Little Queenie" and "Run Rudolph Run" have identical guitar intros and generally sound like one another (the main difference is that Berry didn't write "Run Rudolph Run").
** Let's just say he wasn't ashamed to reuse a good guitar riff.
** "Big Boys" from ''Chuck'' uses the same opening as "Johnny B. Goode."
* SequelSong: A TropeCodifier for this, with "Johnny B. Goode"/"Bye Bye Johnny" and "Memphis"/"Little Marie".
%% * SomethingBlues: "Drifting Blues," "St. Louis Blues", "Worried Life Blues"
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: The Latin-tinged ballad "Drifting Heart" and the calypso-style "Havana Moon" were notable changes-of-pace from his early rock sound.
* TakeThat: "Roll Over Beethoven" is a double case - both at the [[Music/LudwigVanBeethoven composer]], and at his parents who didn't let him use their piano since it was only for his sister's classical training.
-->''Roll over Beethoven, and dig these rhythm'n'blues!''
* TropeMaker:
** Along with Music/ElvisPresley sideman Scotty Moore, Berry is the trope maker for guitar-based rock and roll.
** It's important enough that he was rock's first singer-songwriter, but he also pioneered lyrical tropes like clever wordplay, SliceOfLife and HeavyMeta.
* TwelveBarBlues: Like all 50's rockers, it's a staple of his songs.
* UnusualEuphemism: ''My Ding-A-Ling'' for his penis.
* WhamLine:
-->''Marie is only six years old, Information, please!\\
Try to put me through to her in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis,_Tennessee_%28song%29 Memphis, Tennessee]]''