In Radio 4's "Bleak Expectations" it is subverted with Mr Skinflint Parsimonious and Mr Gently Benevolent, both of whom have names that are the exact opposite of their personalities (Benevolent's full name is revealed to be 'Gently Lovely Kissy Nice-Nice Benevolent'). Done straight with the Hardthrashers, who run St Bastards, and their cousins, the Sternbeaters and Whackwhallops. Also played straight with the love interests Ripely Fecund and Sweetly Delightful, not to mention the parody of Dora Spenlow in David Copperfield: Flora Dies-Early.
In the Cabin Pressure episode "Qikiqtarjuaq", Arthur is highly enthusiastic about flying to the eponymous community to look at polar bears. According to The Other Wiki, there is a theory that "Arthur" means "watcher of the bear".
Carolyn's name is a feminine derivative of "Charles" which means "free man". Carolyn is very glad to be free of her rotten ex-husband Gordon.
Spoofed in Nebulous, with an evil race of flame beings called Infernons. Rory is puzzled by this and asks if they infer things - 'or infer nothing?'. Later lampshaded when they start setting fire to things and he announces, "Oh, like 'inferno'."