Manga / Ranma ½

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"Is that cute redhead the pigtailed kung-fu guy's twin sister? note 

Ranma ½ is Rumiko Takahashi's long-running Gender Bender martial arts/comedy manga series published from 1987-1996. It received multiple Animated Adaptations, including two television series, three films and various OAVs, and a live-action movie in 2012. It's arguably one of the most popular, well-known and influential manga properties of the 1990s.

Akane Tendō is a talented and tomboyish martial artist who discovers one day that her father has promised/sold her hand in marriage to Ranma Saotome: the son of a family friend, and a martial arts prodigy in his own right. Akane bristles at the thought of being forced to marry someone she doesn't even know, and Ranma has his own problems to deal with. On a ridiculously ill-advised training journey with his father, Ranma accidentally fell into the cursed "Spring of Drowned Girl" and now his body transforms into a busty young girl when splashed with cold water. Hot water will reverse the transformation, but not before a case of mistaken identity gets Ranma and Akane's relationship off to the worst possible start.

Now Akane and Ranma have to put up with each other while an increasingly large snarl of characters try to woo, marry and/or defeat one or both of them, sometimes simultaneously, often with world-class ability in bizarre or eclectic martial arts styles, and often bearing their own shapeshifting curses. Hilarity Ensues.

This series brought the "harem" trope to its ridiculous extreme; there's a reason that the Love Dodecahedron trope exists, and this series is that reason. The core cast numbered more than a dozen persons caught up in a complex web of love, hate, duty, honor, and rivalry — and Takahashi played all of it for laughs. More characters joined the madness every year, which eventually gave Ranma one of the largest ensemble casts in all of anime and manga. The manga ran in Shounen Sunday from 1987 to 1996, which were later published as thirty-eight tankoban and shinsoban volumes (which ended up condensed into thirty-six volumes for the American release).

Ranma ½'s TV series adaptation lasted seven seasons; it also spawned eleven OVAs, one theatrical short (released as the twelfth OVA outside Japan), and two motion pictures. Production ended when Kitty Studios folded in 1996. A belated thirteenth OVA was released in 2008 (along with special episodes of InuYasha and Urusei Yatsura) as part of the Rumic World art exhibition that commemorated the 50th anniversary of Takahashi's publisher, Shogakukan.

While fans and critics alike consider the anime a "classic", it suffers from several problems. It rapidly overtook the manga and was canceled before it could complete the full storyline, ending three years before the manga itself concluded. The dearth of new material caused the show to become somewhat repetitious as the production team resorted to cookie-cutter filler episodes that had no relation to the manga's plot. (Of the final season's twenty-five episodes, only ten had storylines based on the manga). This reflected a change in the manga itself, which had also abandoned an overarching plot in favor of smaller arcs and episodic comedy. The artistic quality of the show began to suffer noticeably early in its run — there is a visible decline in quality of animation, music, and writing starting in the second season — but around the fourth or fifth season, this tendency had begun to reverse itself to the point where the final seasons showed considerable improvement in the animation department. (The OVAs and movies had far better animation than the TV series, natch.)

Even with these problems, the Ranma ½ anime became a popular show in its day — even in North America. Ranma became one of the first major crossover hits that helped usher in the explosion of anime importation in the early-to-mid-1990s, and was the very first anime TV series to ever be released in English with a straight uncut dub. Many fans think of the dub by Viz Media and Ocean Studios as one of the first decent efforts in the history of English anime adaptation. Viz did its best to minimize the usual culprits of cultural translation, Bowdlerization, and localization — which contrasts heavily with the show's near-contemporary Sailor Moon (Viz released Ranma directly to video rather, whereas Sailor Moon arrived via television syndication, though Ranma also aired for a short time in some markets). It was even briefly optioned for a live action Hollywood film in the late 1990s, although nothing ever came of it. Ranma had the fortunate luck to arrive in the the English language market at about the same time that the World Wide Web emerged into public life, which led to the show acquiring one of the first major online fan communities, the Fan Fiction Mailing List, or FFML, which primarily centered around Ranma despite the generic name, and the first known online scanlation effort, the RanmaScan project.

Despite its age, Ranma ½ still has a remarkably large and vigorous North American fan community — and it's still responsible for a significant fraction of the anime fanfiction on the web, including a wide variety of crossovers. Ranma ½ is probably one of the most crossed-over series on the Internet — on fanfiction.net alone, it has over 1,100 listed crossovers and hundreds (if not thousands) listed elsewhere. (That doesn't count unlisted crossovers, either there or elsewhere.) To put that into perspective: while Naruto has around eight times the number of crossovers listed, Naruto also has over twenty-four times as many stories listed as Ranma does total. One sub-type of Ranma crossovers — the Fuku Fic — became common enough that it has its own trope entry. The series' length and fanbase has predictably resulted in copious amounts of Fanon; it also inspired the comic series Ninja High School, among many other creations.

On the 9th of December 2011, a two-hour live-action TV movie version aired on the Japanese network NTV. Based on an original story by Yoshihiro Izumi, it starred Kenta Kaku and Natsuna Watanabe as male and female Ranma, respectively, and Yui Aragaki as Akane, along with an impressive supporting cast. The official NTV site for this live-action special is here.


Ranma ½ provides examples of:

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    A to F 
  • '80s Hair: Due to the standard Rumiko Takahashi artstyle, almost everyone.
  • Abduction Is Love:
  • Aborted Arc:
    • Manga only: Ranma's attempts to conceal his curse are quietly dropped in the middle of the "Full-body Cat's Tongue" arc and the story goes from no-one at school knowing about his curse to everyone (except the Kunōs, of course) knowing about it with hardly a comment from anybody, initiating the manga's shift from a Romantic Comedy to a status quo is darn near god Situation Comedy.
    • Dr. Tōfū's one-sided love for Kasumi is completely abandoned — as is Dr. Tōfū.
  • Absurd Phobia: Ranma's fear of cats is usually Played for Laughs, until he goes into his Cat-Fu mode.
  • Absurdly Sharp Blade:
    • Kunō. With a wooden sword, no less. An intentionally absurd justification is made for Kunō's wooden sword by showing that he's so fast with it that when he swings, it can smash rocks with the air pressure alone.
    • Konatsu, Ryōga, and even Kodachi, are still more extreme. The former uses a sword made of paper, and the two others regular pieces of cloth.
    • Lampshaded in the Martial arts rhythmic gymnastic competition when Kodachi attacks with a steel bar: "she uses that rope like it's a steel bar... oh wait it is a steel bar"
  • Absurdly Sharp Claws: Ranma and some other martial arts-adept characters can cut perfect holes in stone walls using air pressure, ki, vacuum blades...
  • Abusive Parents: None of the parents would necessarily win any prizes, but Genma Saotome and Principal Kunō both stand out — the former for his extreme martial arts teaching techniques and overwhelmingly selfish behavior, and the latter for using his children as pawns for his own amusement and blatantly dodging any questions related to his parenting. Ranma's mother Nodoka allowed Genma to take Ranma away for training on the basis that he would turn their son into "a man among men," a statement too vague and subjective to truly be a valid measure of character, and even let him sign a seppuku oath to that end — which was the only reason she let him take Ranma away in the first place. Her absolute devotion to this duty, both before and after finding out about the curse, constantly keeps Ranma on edge (especially since she was willing to go through with it once) and would be considered an even greater sort of emotional abuse even if Ranma himself weren't desperately willing to make her proud of him (and his manliness.) This dynamic is typically Played for Laughs, with no one batting an eye at it in-story, until the Values Dissonance sets in for the audience.
  • Accidental Marriage: Ranma and Shampoo; Kodachi's behavior is similar.
  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Girl-Ranma, from black in the manga (and varicolored in random non-canon illustrations) to cherry-red in the anime. Likewise Shampoo, from black to lavender/purple. Often overlooked is Akane, who also had black hair in the manga but started getting illustrated consistently with brown hair in late Takahashi illustrations (around the same time Ranma's red hair leaked back into Takahashi's style) but was portrayed with midnight-blue in the anime.
  • Adaptational Badass: Satsuki Miyakoji of the "Martial Arts Tea Ceremony" Arc. In the manga she's a Yamato Nadeshiko who was so nervous about meeting her future husband she sent her pet monkey in her place. In the anime she's still a Yamato Nadeshiko, but in "Battle for the Golden Tea Set," Satsuki's the only person able to inflict significant damage on the thief trying to steal the aforementioned tea set. This is especially noteworthy as the thief was Satsuki's own grandmother as part of a Secret Test of Character set up by her and Sentaro's grandmother to judge their respective skills. And Satsuki did not know this until after their fight ended.
  • Adaptational Heroism:
    • Shampoo. Her manga self is violent and treacherous and it's difficult to imagine why Shampoo could be taken seriously as a possible "fiancée". The anime, however, made Shampoo's character significantly nicer and gave her a lot more Pet the Dog moments.
    • Kodachi Kunō actually gets Pet the Dog moments in the anime (including an entire episode that showed her willingly bequeathing her fortune to Ranma so the Anything-Goes school can have a dojo), compared to the manga's depiction of her as a one-dimensional loon that would fit right in at Arkham Asylum.
  • Adaptational Villainy: In the anime, Akane comes across as more of Jerk Ass than in the manga. However, some of her more extreme acts of Comedic Sociopathy from the manga are cut.
  • Adaptation Expansion:
    • The 13th OVA episode — which was done years after the originals as part of Shōnen Sunday's 50th anniversary — added more content than was in the original manga story it was based on. Most likely done to allow more of the old cast to play part as a service to the fans who hadn't seen them in years.
    • The "Martial Arts Tea Ceremony" arc is a strange example. In the manga it was a short arc, but in the anime the arc was expanded across the different seasons, albeit practically one episode at a time.
  • All Amazons Want Hercules: Shampoo towards Ranma.
  • All-Cheering All the Time: Mariko, though we only ever see her when she's actively being a Combat Cheerleader so she might not talk that way in civvies. Then again, this is Ranma ½.
  • All Love Is Unrequited: According to Rumiko Takahashi, this is because all the side characters in the Love Chart were merely obstacles to Akane and Ranma's eventual hook up. Yes, even Mousse. The only reason Ryōga became the lone exception was because the fans demanded his happiness.
  • Altar Diplomacy: Attempted to be Invoked by the fathers. The father of Saotome Ranma has arranged to board with the father of Tendō Akane so that these two young people can become acquainted and eventually marry. Saotome Genma sees a huge advantage in Ranma inheriting a working dojo to maintain his martial arts training, and to thwart all of Ranma's other suitors as well. Tendō Sōun would like to see Akane marry someone with a strong interest in martial arts, so that the dojo he founded won't be neglected or sold off.
  • Aluminum Christmas Trees: The massive pigs that are seen in the Ranma manga do exist in real life. There really are boars and pigs as big as the one Ryōga hit in the manga or Akari's pig.
  • Anachronism Stew: Nabiki often carries an abacus (played for laughs), even though this is seemingly modern day Japan (well, modern being set in the same decade as the show was produced), and hand-held calculators should have been readily available.
  • Anguished Declaration of Love: There exists Played for Laughs and at least one Played for Drama versions.
  • Animation Bump:
    • The OVAs to the show, which beats out even the movies for slick animation.
    • Episode 34 has noticeably better animation than the rest of the second season. Rather suspicious, given that it's called "Assault on the Girls' Locker Room"...
  • Anime Theme Song
  • Angst Nuke: The Shi-Shi Hōkōdan.
  • Anti-Hero: Sōun, Konatsu, and if you feel charitable Kunō, are Classical Anti-Hero; Ryōga and Akane are somewhat Knight in Sour Armour; Kumon Ryū is either a Pragmatic Hero or an Unscrupulous Hero. Ranma and Hinako are both heroic with flaws, but both have a mostly positive mindset, so they do not fit.
  • Armor-Piercing Slap: Akane is capable of landing a slap to the cheek on anyone, regardless of how badly they may outclass her in terms of fighting skills. The catch is that they must first insult her fighting skills or general appearance. This effect is such an important part of her character that it was used in both the manga and the series to break her out of an amnesiac effect.
  • Arranged Marriage: The driving force of the series. Three times in the original manga (the Tendō promise, Ukyō, and Picolet Chardin,) plus an extra two time in the anime, once to serve as the justification for a Villain of the Week's Martial Arts and Crafts challenge and the second time as a gag at the end of the episode.
  • Art Major Biology:
  • Ash Face: A frequent result of Happōsai's fire bombs.
  • Astonishingly Appropriate Appearance:
    • Pick any of the visiting Martial Arts and Crafts people who come by.
    • The French Cuisine arc in the manga had the governess dressed in 20th century French gown, with her hair tied up to resemble a roast chicken.
    • The gambling king looks exactly like the King playing card, right down to the swirly beard and crown.
  • Attack of the 50-Foot Whatever: The Orochi, Pantyhose Tarō's monster form, and Happōsai, Sōun and Genma's Battle Aura manifestations. Not to mention the Dojo Destroyer, in the manga.
  • Attention Deficit... Ooh, Shiny!: Hinako Ninomiya in child form.
  • Attractive Bent-Gender: Ranma. All the guys at school cheer whenever Ranma suffers a Mode Lock as they seem to like ogling Ranma more than most of the real girls. Nyanniichuan victims in general seem to fall under this category, perhaps because it ups the embarrassment factor of the curse; see the Musk Dynasty, especially their prince, Herb. Ranma's popularity as an ogling target might stem less from the fact s/he is attractive (though it's undeniable that s/he is) and more from the facts that Ranma has a tendency to suffer Clothing Damage due to his opponents often wielding blades or bombs, doesn't wear bras (for obvious reasons) and, most importantly, lacks "feminine modesty" and so is far less likely to get pissy/violent at them than any of the normal girls.
  • Author Tract: Almost completely bereft of them, as Takahashi is a very creative and diverse, almost purely entertainment-driven artist, but the self-stated ongoing message of her works is "be kind to others", and she has also stated that she "finds perfect characters boring," which fits with the goofy cast and overall tolerant tone.
  • Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other: Ranma and Akane. There is one moment of this in the second movie between Shampoo and Mousse.
  • Badass Bookworm: Ranma is more likely to look at books for answers and to read for entertainment at least in the manga. We see Ranma turn to books for answers such as when Dr Tōfū hurt his neck we later see him reading a book on chiropractics, during the reversal jewel he turned to dating magazines for advice on dating, turned to a scroll to counter Miss Hinako's draining, picked up the diary to find out why no one was at the island with the Hawaiian virus, etc. We also see him reading at other times as to what he was reading at those other times is unknown he was reading something while waiting for Ryōga prior to the Shi-Shi Hōkōdan, read something while going to sleep when Miss Hinako stayed at the Tendō's, etc.
  • Badass Family:
    • The Saotomes, most obviously, with Ranma and Genma both being martial arts masters.
    • Shampoo and Cologne, the latter being the former's great-grandmother also count.
    • The Tendōs could theoretically count, but only two of the four members are fighters, and rather weak ones compared to the other cast members (though not to anyone else).
  • Badass Longcoat: Shinnosuke. A janitor's coat, yes, but Shinnosuke makes it very badass; Mousse (for all of three panels)... he's pretty much a subversion from then on; right clothes, right skill level, wrong antics.
  • Bad Future:
    • Parodied. In the manga, during the Pantyhose Tarō arc, Ranma conceives of a plan that will surely get Happōsai to change Tarō's name (Happōsai being the one who gave him his name and the only one who can): show him a future (actually a play)where, thanks to his name, "Demon Lord" Tarō has an vicious addiction to pantyhose and has taken all of the pantyhose in the world for himself. Naturally, Happōsai is devastated. But, when giving the chance to make things right in the past, Happposai opts to murder the child rather than, say, just change his name.
    • Also parodied in the anime. Ranma, Genma, and Happōsai use Happōsai's time-traveling hand mirror to go ten years into the future, where Akane is married to Ryōga (with children), Genma and Happōsai are very old and tired men who are virtually the children's playground, and Ranma is nowhere to be found. The time-travelers are not happy, especially Ranma, who then provides one of the page quotes. Made more interesting when the entire episode is revealed to be Ranma's dream.
  • Barehanded Blade Block: Or, if their hands are full, barefooted blade block.
  • The Barnum: Nabiki to an extreme degree.
  • Bash Brothers: Mikado Sanzen'in and Azusa Shiratori, the Golden Pair of Martial Arts Ice Skating.
  • Battle Aura: Pretty much every martial artist in the series.
    • Happōsai can actually shape his into a giant copy of himself, effectively becoming kaiju-sized. One episode of the anime has Happōsai split into seven clones (long story) and all of them do this at once. In one arc, Happōsai and Genma keep one-upping each other...until they both faint from exhaustion.
    • Moreso in the anime, but Genma and Sōun can both become kaiju-sized, although Genma is always in his Panda form when he does this, and Sōun is always dressed as a samurai. This is regardless of whether or not Genma was human at the time... and Sōun just seems to keep his armor, spear and bow in Hammer Space in case he needs to make a quick costume change.
  • Battle Baton: Martial Arts Cheerleading uses a cheerleader's baton as one of its associated weapons.
  • Battle Harem: Ranma's Unwanted Harem is full of Action Girls. Not surprising, since he lives in a world where everybody gets their own style of martial arts.
  • Beach Episode: Ranma has almost an entire movie as this, as well as a pair of regular ones. An interesting note is the transition from manga to anime actually removes one as the setting was changed from a beach to a ski resort (though it also adds another one as filler). The "Ranma Goes Hawaiian!" chapter in the manga functions also as a beach episode.
  • Beauty Contest: An episode has Ranma-chan, Akane, Ukyō, Kodachi, Shampoo and Tsubasa enter a (beach) beauty contest organized by Nabiki for various reasons. The winner? Kasumi, who was acting as the assistant and not actually taking part in the contest.
  • Beautiful All Along: Inverted — Mousse is first introduced as what appears to be a stoic Bishōnen... and then he puts on those incredibly stupid-looking Nerd Glasses and proceeds to make an idiot of himself.
  • Because You Were Nice to Me:
    • Konatsu, raised by a psychologically abusive family, latches onto Ukyō because she treats him better than they did. Not by much, still better.
    • This is the entire reason that Maomolin tries to "help" Ryōga win Akane's heart in the anime-only story "Ryōga's Proposal".
  • Bee Afraid: Ranma's father tosses a beehive at his son as Training from Hell... with fairly mixed results.
  • Belligerent Sexual Tension: Ranma and Akane — the Trope Codifiers for anime.
  • Best Her to Bed Her: Shampoo, and indeed, all of the Chinese Amazons.
  • BFS: Being that the show is more a comedy than anything, it doesn't allow many blades of any size to get in.
    • Shampoo still manages to get away with swinging around a massive sabre in her first appearance, even if she does trade it for Carry a Big Stick afterwards. How big is it? The blade alone is roughly the same length as the distance between the bottom of Shampoo's pelvis and the top of her head. And she swings it around in one hand. While carrying a chui (a long-handled mace with a basketball sized solid steel head) in the other.
    • The anime-only character Kiini is a Giant Mook wielding a huge Chinese sword for devastating effect, including some physics-defying feats like using it like an helicopter rotor to fly.
  • Big Bad: There isn't one, but Happōsai, Pantyhose Tarō, Ryū Kumon, Herb and Saffron have fit the role in long single storyarcs.
  • Big Damn Heroes: Quite a few times, but the best is when Ranma (who has all his strength taken away) is about to get ambushed by four of his old foes... Defenseless and pinned against a tree, Ranma closes his eyes and waits for it... But nothing happens. Looking up, he sees Ryōga, who had stepped in the way and defeated all four of the foes.
  • Big Eater:
    • Ranma and Genma, the latter more than the former.
    • The Chardin family.
    • Later by Kurumi "Tendō" in the OAV.
    • Nabiki Tendō has some traits of this, especially when she's being fed out of other peoples' wallets.
  • Big Fancy House:
    • The Tendō home, which contains separate bedrooms for all three of the daughters, Sōun himself, and two guest bedrooms — one downstairs used by Happōsai, and another upstairs which Genma and Ranma share. It also includes a full traditional Japanese bathing area, an equally traditional dining/living room, a modern kitchen with a big worktable in the center of the floor, a garden with large pond, and a dojo large enough to comfortably seat virtually every character ever seen on the show as of the series' first Christmas episode.
    • The Kunō Estate is a massive place that almost resembles a medieval Japanese fortress — particularly in the anime, where it has a literal labyrinth of secret passages, dungeons, and deathtraps.
  • Bitch in Sheep's Clothing:
    • Nabiki.
    • Oneshot character Satori the psychic kid even more so.
  • Blessed with Suck: Most of the main characters with Jusenkyō curses, or other oddities, such as Ryōga's causality-bending complete lack of direction-sense. Ranma feels this way about his curse (though he does seem to get some enjoyment/use out of it), but it's fairly neutral in and of itself... compared to, say, turning into a defenseless little animal considered tasty-looking and edible by just about everyone, à la Ryōga Hibiki. Mostly, it's Blessed with Suck because of the Seppuku pledge his father and mother made, the fact he's physically weaker in that form, it results in various complications that wouldn't have happened if he didn't have it (first meeting with Akane, Shampoo trying to kill him, nightmares about having Tatewaki Kunō's children, etc.), and the fact it makes him the target of just about every pervert and degenerate to crawl out of the woodwork... including Dirty Old Man Happōsai and his fiancée's unscrupulous and money-crazed elder sister.
  • Blind Without 'Em: Mousse
  • Blow You Away: Ranma's most frequent Finishing Move is the Hiryū Shōten Ha, which creates a tornado. He's also fond of modifying it on the spot to beat the more serious enemies.
  • Blue with Shock
  • Boobs of Steel: Played straight with Shampoo and Female-Ranma, who have generous busts and are highly skilled martial artists, as well as Miss Hinako who is one of the most powerful characters in the series since she drains power from her opponents. Atsuko Nakajima's OAV and movie character designs obviate the trope by making all of the girls extremely well-endowed, even the more modest ones.
  • Book Dumb: Ranma Saotome. He's known for his success with on-the-fly solutions, though he's also capable of coming up with intricate plans, such as the one he used to get Happōsai to change Pantyhose Tarō's name. He's attentive and smart, to the point where he can reproduce a martial arts move after seeing it only once and then find its weak spot. Too bad he's kind of Book Dumb in certain areas.
    Akane: Ranma, you do know what Romeo and Juliet are to each other, don't you?
    Ranma: Father and daughter, right?
  • Bowties Are Cool: Ranma's pastel orange shirt and little red bowtie combo.
  • Brainwashed and Crazy: Happens to Male Ranma when his female half is duplicated (though not split from him) and it seduces him in one anime episode.
  • Brawler Lock: Ryōga does this with Girl-Type Ranma in the last bit of the Golden Pair arc (in the anime at least)
  • Break-Up/Make-Up Scenario: Sometimes played for laughs, others for drama.
  • Brought Down to Normal: When Happōsai uses moxibustion to rob Ranma of his prodigious strength, to the point where a toddler can beat him up.
  • Bully Hunter:
    • Ranma does this occasionally, for example when she stops Kodachi from beating up the Fūrinkan gymnastic team further or the time he stopped a group of masked kids that were bullying Gosunkugi.
    • And again with Ryōga, most notably for defending a Brought Down to Normal Ranma from the rest of the males on the Nerima Wrecking Crew.
  • But for Me, It Was Tuesday: The craziness of the Ranma world gets summed up in this exchange:
    Cologne: Master versus pupil... Father versus son... Oh, what horrors the Dragon's Whisker brings...
    Akane: Seems like a typical day with Ranma...
  • Butt Monkey: Most of the regular characters of the show at one point or another get beaten for comic relief, the males more regularly than the females. Most frequently Ranma, as he is the main protagonist.
  • Calling Your Attacks:
    • Almost entirely spoofed in the manga: nearly every attack, no matter how minor or improvised, has some sort of name. The Saotome school even has a named "attack" that consists of running away until you can think of something else. But it's also played straight, particularly with Ranma and Ryōga's most devastating attacks.
    • There's also The Crouch of the Wild Tiger — a "maneuver" that has the martial artist dropping on all fours and begging for mercy from the "target".
    • Even better is the Howl of the Demon Dog, where the user slides backwards and shouts that he doesn't care that he's been beaten. Ranma quickly renamed it the Whine of the Beaten Dog.
    • Konatsu is the most extreme spoof of this. Almost everything he does, no matter how useless or unrelated to combat, is shouted out with a silly title, including coming up with multiple names for doing the same thing...
    • There's also the Carp on the Cutting Board... preluding the Cradle of Death.
    • Attack of a thousand clubs!!... it looks like she's using 10 or 20 clubs, because she IS using 10 or 20 clubs.
    • Then there's both the Yamasenken and Umisenken, which have some seven attacks each, with Ranma and Ryū calling each attack when they're used.
  • Canon Foreigner: Sasuke Sarugakure, the Kunōs' Ninja servant, in the anime.
  • Can't Catch Up: Akane and the Kunō siblings to Ranma.
  • Can't You Read the Sign?: Has oodles of fun with this trope. Characters sit on water mains with signs that read, "Danger: Do not Sit", laugh in areas where signs read, "Do not laugh loudly in the garden", and run on fences that read "Danger: Unstable". Rumiko Takahashi has quite a bit of fun with this gag.
  • Capture and Replicate: Akane Tendō is captured and replaced with a double via Jusenkyō Spring.
  • Card-Carrying Villain: Happōsai. He molests women, invades the privacy of women who are changing clothes or taking baths, steals underwear and food, racks up extortionate bills and sticks them on the Tendō dojo, bullies and beats and harasses his students... only for self-enjoyment. He is the only character who is actually proud of declaring that he will be "evil" until the day that he dies and that he never, ever, in his whole, rotten life has learnt something that served to help someone. Actually, thinking of making something good got his brain literally fried once. Even when he believes he's doing good, it's still used in his selfish pleasures down the road. Proof: as much as he says he taught the Happo Five-Yen Satsu to Hinako when she was a kid so her health could improve (which it did, truth be told), in the end, he used it just so he could freely steal the nurses' panties as she drained their vital energies. And he pretended to be Santa Claus to protect two children's innocent dreams... all the while as he ate and drank at their expenses and used them to steal panties.
  • Cast Full Of Crazy: Starting off, about half the cast has curses that change them into different creatures. That aside, just about every character has one or more character flaws that are exaggerated to the point they ought to be committed.
  • Catch Phrase: Many, but most notably Kasumi: "Oh My", Akane: "Honestly" and "Ranma no baka!" (roughly "dummy", or "Ranma you jerk" in the dub; she even has a "Baka Song"), Ranma's catchword "kawaiikune" ("uncute"), Happōsai: "What a haul!" and "Sweeto!", Shampoo: "Nihao, Airen!" and, to a lesser extent, "Aiyaaa!" and of course Ryōga's "Ranma, prepare to die!" He never follows through on it when he wins. Akane in particular typically uses both of her catchphrases at least Once per Episode.
  • Changing Clothes Is a Free Action: Often as part of a sight gag, such as Ranma getting into or out of a costume to fool Ryōga in the space of a single panel, or Nodoka (who is in a full dress kimono) seeing Ranma for the first time (but wearing girl's clothes,) hugging him, and suddenly standing in proper seppuku attire.
  • Characterization Marches On: Rumiko Takahashi herself stated in an interview that she originally intended Ranma to be "a clean-cut, nice boy with frank disposition", but that he kept surprising her and "turned out to be an indecisive, stubborn, sly guy." The Tendōs' characterisations are also more rounded in the first couple of books, with Kasumi dismissing younger men as boring, calling Genma out and being snarky, and Nabiki being a more normal high-schooler.
  • Character Development:
    • Ryōga, who first appears as an enemy and gradually evolves into a rival, a reliable ally, and possibly a friend. (Of all the characters who crash the abortive wedding, Ryōga is the only one who is not trying to deliberately spoil the event.)
    • Akane, and to a lesser degree Mousse, also turn nicer as the story marches on.
  • Chef of Iron: Ukyō, master of Martial Arts Okonomiyaki and wielder of giant spatulas. Cologne to a degree with ramen noodle attacks and teaching Shampoo Martial Arts Takeout Delivery.
  • Chekhov's Gun:
    • The horn whistle Shinnosuke gave Akane during their childhood is the only thing that can pacify the Orochi and send it back to sleep.
    • The photo of Akane that Nabiki sells to Ryōga winds up playing a role in snapping Ranma out of his stupor after falling down Saffron's pit trap — and winds up alerting the Phoenix to Akane's existence and leading to her kidnapping.
  • Chick Magnet: Ranma attracts a good number of female characters in the series, even one-shot gag characters.
  • Childhood Marriage Promise: Ukyō made a deal with Ranma while they were still kids who played together regularly that, in exchange for allowing Ranma to taste her family's secret okonomiyaki sauce recipe (which is Serious Business, even in the real world), Ranma would marry her if it tasted good.
  • Child Marriage Veto: Genma, and Mr. Tendō had arranged for Ranma and Akane to marry. The kids swear they won't because they hate each other, but most people who've seen the series swear it's more akin to Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other.
  • Chuck Cunningham Syndrome:
    • After being a significant supporting character in the first couple volumes, Dr. Tōfū is gradually demoted to a plot device, then starts to appear more and more infrequently until, just over a third of the way through the series, he completely disappears and is never mentioned again. The anime averts this, having him show up in filler episodes right up to the final season. Word of God says that Takahashi didn't like the character; when Cologne brought her knowledge and martial art prowess, Tōfū got completely useless and was properly scrapped.
    • Shampoo's father in the manga. He appears in volume 4 with two lines of dialogue, then he can be seen helping out at the Cat Café for a little while, but then he's just gone.
  • Cinderella Circumstances: Read this manga if you want to see how things would be if Cinderella and her step-family were kunoichi and Cinderella reveals herself a man.
  • Clingy Costume: Ranma gets stuck in a cursed swimsuit, which will drag "her" into the depths of the sea unless she is honestly complimented by a particular man.
  • Clingy Jealous Girl: Akane, Shampoo, Ukyō and Kodachi.
  • Cloning Blues: The Haunted Mirror. Played for Laughs.
  • Clothing Damage: Pretty much every time Ranma fights as a girl.
  • Cobweb of Disuse: Happens within minutes to the Tendō household when they temporarily lose all their money due to shenanigans involving Nabiki.
  • Continuity Nod: To Akane and [male] Ranma's first encounter, twice: Shinnosuke running into Akane in the bath (confirming his identity to her) and Kiima posing as Akane walking in on Ranma in the exact same pose and angles as in the introductory chapter.
  • Combat Commentator: Happens occasionally, with the peanut gallery making quips to explain what may be missing in a single still panel shot. Of course, this happens to also give certain characters an unusual and inconsistent knowledge of the martial arts, even if it is accepted as fact that they have no interest in them. Such as Nabiki immediately commenting on the nature of Happōsai's "Hermit Crab Fist" being him moving from bucket to bucket really fast. Also parodied later in the Ten-yen bet saga, where Akane and Ranma serve up some overdramatic commentary on the rather mundane happenings. One of the best examples of this trope might be the anime-exclusive episode dealing with Martial Arts Shogi, where Happōsai and Nabiki (the former of which is just being a coward) take to the sidelines with Happōsai explaining how Battle Shogi relates to the rules of the boardgame.
  • Combat Parkour: Kodachi Kunō. Ranma Saotome uses this sort of fighting style in that he's prone to using a lot of flips, jumps, handstands, rolls and tumbles, all to either evade attack or beat on his opponent.
  • Combat Pragmatist: Ranma and Genma. They've turned cheating, cheap shots, and taunting into an art form. Fear the mighty Crouch of the Wild Tiger! Beg for your life! Saotome Ultimate Technique! A special skill that relies on withdrawal, concealment, and deliberation. In other words, run away and hide until you can come up with a better idea.
    Genma: Hey, it's harder than it sounds!
  • Comedic Sociopathy: And how...
  • Comedic Spanking:
    • In the manga, when Female Ranma disguises as Ryōga's (non-existent) little sister Yoiko, she once falls out of character and makes a rude comment to her "brother" before Akane. Ryōga doesn't approve of such language for a young lady, and thus give his "sister" a spanking. Note that Ryōga is super-strong, and as tough Ranma is, the ass-warming clearly hurts.
    • In another chapter, Ranma and Ryōga are age-regressed due to magical mushrooms. Ranma, the older at the moment, pushes Ryōga, and gets a spanking from Akane.
  • Comic-Book Time: The whole damn series. Ranma and Akane are forever 16, despite several Christmases passing and one episode even referencing the three-year anniversary of Ranma's arrival at the dojo.
  • Congruent Memory: Kunō once learns an absolutely devastating Tornado Move that can beat even Ranma after some Training from Hell. Problem is, it is intended purely as a watermelon-cutting move, and Tatewaki is only able to use it if there are watermelons around to target.
  • Continuity Nod: Remember how Akane can't swim to save her life? Rumiko Takahashi did when she dropped her in a Jusenkyō spring.
  • Cooking Duel: Practically every third episode, at least two involved actual cooking. See Martial Arts and Crafts for some examples.
  • Cool Old Lady: Sentarō Daimonji's grandmother, the head of the Orthodox School of Martial Arts Tea Ceremony. In the anime she comes across as one of a few adult characters who isn't an incompetent, pompous buffoon. While her first meeting with Ranma starts off rocky, she develops a genuine liking for him that doesn't involve underhanded tactics, and often apologizes whenever Sentaro drags Akane and himself into situations Sentaro's too incompetent to handle himself.
  • Cordon Bleugh Chef: Akane Tendō. For reasons that are probably understandable only by herself, the girl seems to consider any recipe as always being in need of improvement... and her choice of extra ingredients is always deleterious. In her first attempt at cooking that we see, she mixes up wine and vinegar when making curry — then "fixes" the mistake by adding sugar, mayonnaise, and wasabi. Unlike most examples of this trope, however, even she finds her concoctions to be thoroughly inedible, if she ever tastes them. Her main problem is that she never actually tastes the food before she serves it, occasionally being offended if the subject is even raised. Needless to say, nobody except Ryōga Hibiki is willing to even touch her food unless intimidated or guilted into doing so. Later in the manga she does make edible curry and tries it prior to serving it. In the anime she also learns to prepare Tōfū and boil water.
  • Counter Attack:
    • The Hiryū Shōten Ha.
    • Almost all the techniques in the Umi-Sen Ken style are specific counters to the Yama-Sen Ken.
  • Covert Pervert: Akane and Ukyō have both had at least one of these moments each in the manga, as did virtually everyone else. It is a sex-farce comedy as much as it is a Martial Arts comedy, after all.
  • Cover Version: During the OVA episode "Tendo Family Christmas Scramble", the female members of the Saotome-Tendo household (aka DoCo) since a cover of Equal Romance, the 2nd ending theme by CoCo.
  • Crazy Jealous Guy: Most of the male suitors.
  • Crippling the Competition: Kodachi Kunō tries doing this to Ranma before their big match. However, Akane thwarts each effort. Ryōga also tries to beat up Ranma before the match, but the fight lasts the entire night without a winner.
  • Crosscast Role: The school play is the first time Akane is ever actually asked to play Juliet instead of Romeo.
  • Crossdresser: Ukyō, Tsubasa, and Konatsu. Unfortunate applications of hot water tend to make male Ranma one of these, to the horror of innocent passerby (including his own mother).
  • Cross-Popping Veins
  • Curse: The keystone and main plot driver of the series.
  • Cursed with Awesome:
    • Ranma's Jusenkyō curse, according to some people, though he would not agree. The theory that Ranma is under some curse that makes him a Weirdness Magnet counts if you believe it — though in this case it would be an example of Ranma not minding the curse.
    • Canonically, Pantyhose Tarō and Rouge; both of them have Jusenkyō curses that cause them to transform into super powered, if bizarre, alternate forms. Pantyhose Tarō becomes a kind of flying minotaur that later gains Combat Tentacles. Rouge sprouts four new arms and two more faces while gaining the ability to fly, hurl lightning bolts, and breath fire.
  • Cute Little Fangs: Ryōga, primarily, though Rumiko Takahashi's art-style allowed virtually every member of the cast to acquire them during at least one rant through the course of the manga. Ryōga's name means "good fang", so in his case it's a Meaningful Name.
  • A Day in the Limelight: Nabiki's "Ten Yen Bet" arc. It allows her to have her own set of wacky adventures, and "love interest", with Ranma and Akane as the background commentators. Her "New Fiancée" and "Destroyed Concert Ticket" stories also qualify.
  • Deadly Dodging: Makes up a large component of Ranma's fighting style.
  • Deadly Training Area: The valley of Jusenkyō has acquired this reputation.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Nabiki of course, though most of the cast have their moments in occasion.
  • Death by Cameo: The InuYasha cast appear as corpses in Ova 13.
  • Death by Materialism: Nabiki fights a boy whose style of "martial arts" is based on sticking other people with the debts he incurs.
  • Defence Mechanism Superpower: The Neko-Ken.
  • Demon Head:
    • Sōun, whenever he needs to jolt Ranma into doing something that he wants, usually involving swallowing his pride and being nice to Akane.
    • Kasumi and Nabiki also pull a Demon Head during the Chardin arc.
  • Determinator: Just about every martial artist in the main cast has pulled this act off at least once.
  • Deus Angst Machina: Ryōga Hibiki. This, Wangst, or neither?
  • Different for Girls: Explicitly lampshaded.
  • Dirty Old Man: Happōsai.
  • Disproportionate Retribution: Many characters have done this on whim, usually Played for Laughs. However, Shampoo, Happōsai, Saffron, Nabiki, and Herb are easily the most extreme cases.
  • The Ditz: Azusa, Hinako. To a lesser extent Rouge and Konatsu.
  • Does Not Know His Own Strength:
    • Ryōga, through and through. It's played up much more in the original manga, but in either version when his mind wanders, he tends to destroy everything he's touching.
    • It's possible that Shampoo might also be an example of this... or simply that she gets a kick out of proving how strong she is by demolishing everything in her path.
  • Does Not Like Shoes:
    • Ranma himself tends to go barefoot quite often. That "often" however turns to "almost always" when he turns into a girl (since boy-sized shoes no longer fit). Hell, as a girl, s/he's introduced bare feet first.
    • Tatewaki Kunō is shoeless too whenever wearing his traditional kendo uniform — that is, most of the time.
    • Sōun Tendō and Genma Saotome are constantly shoeless, which is fitting enough considering they are almost always dressed in martial arts uniforms. Of the two, only Sōun has the sense to wear geta when going out to the street. Early manga and anime at least showed Genma (in panda form) wiping his feet with a washcloth before coming into the house again
    • Akane is barefoot whenever she's in her gi. Which is to say 90% of the time, whether she's training or skateboarding.
  • Dogs Are Dumb:
    • In the second animated movie, the dog-man Wonton is the absolute stupidest of the three Half-Human Hybrids, though he is still a surprisingly capable fighter.
    • Averted with the actual canine, Shirokuro/Checkers, though, who is very intelligent and, in all honesty, probably smarter than Ryōga.
  • Double Standard: According to Akane, it's okay for a girl to see a guy nude but not for a guy to see a girl nude.
  • Double Standard: Abuse, Female on Male: Where to begin...
  • Do You Want to Haggle?: To get back at Ranma for accidentally destroying an expensive concert ticket, Nabiki dedicates an entire day to making him miserable. At the end of the chapter, Nabiki manipulates him into thinking she took off all her clothes. Her family happens to come home at the same time and they both know he'll get in trouble if they're caught in such a situation. After he urges her to put some clothes on, they start haggling over her price for getting dressed.
    Nabiki: Fifty dollars.
    Ranma: Too much! Twenty dollars!
    Nabiki: Forty-five dollars.
    Ranma: Robber! Thirty dollars!
    Nabiki: Done! A pleasure doing business with you.
  • Dramatic Irony: Had Sōun Tendō and Genma Saotome let Ranma and Akane's relationship develop at its own pace, they might well be looking at a happily married couple with children on the way. Instead, since Sōun and Genma are both desperate, and are constantly scheming and plotting to force the two teens together, Ranma, who rightfully hates Genma's guts for constantly trying to ruin his life since age 5, and actively endangering it thanks to the Seppuku clause with Nodoka, his mother, for his own amusement, and Akane who deeply resents her father arranging her marriage (basically selling her out) to a guy he never met, filial obligation or no, and bringing all of Ranma's problems into her life causes the both of them to rebel and lash out, and the more their parents try to push them together, the more they push each other away.
  • Dramatic Wind
  • Drives Like Crazy: The entire main cast (sans Nabiki and Kasumi) in episode 119. This is only slightly justified due to it being a race.
  • Dysfunction Junction
  • Easy Amnesia:
    • Shinnosuke, guardian of the Forest of Ryūgenzawa.
    • There's a pressure point technique that can not only erase certain facts from the victim's memory, but also prevents the victim from re-learning the fact in the future.
  • Eating the Eye Candy: There are several scenes from the point of view of Ranma's various would-be lovers showing just why they consider Ranma to look good. In Akane's case, the girl most likely to get this (she's the other half of the Official Couple, of course she gets this the most), this almost inevitably prompts Ranma to say something that points out why "Jerk with a Heart of Gold" still references Jerkass.
  • Ecchi: Mostly of the comedic misunderstanding variety, but that doesn't discourage skin from showing in the slightest.
  • Effortless Amazonian Lift: Played with.
    • While Ranma won't allow Akane to carry him as a guy, he lets her carry him piggyback when in girl form, emphasizing how Ranma thinks of himself according to his gender. Not that Akane would have any trouble carrying his guy form — she's sometimes seen dragging him by the pigtail while running (with Ranma trying to keep a cool composure all along).
    • In a straighter example, Shampoo demonstrates the strength to catch Mousse in her arms after she saves him from a villain, continuing the trend of her being the dominant one in their "relationship".
    • In another instance, female Ranma has to carry the much larger and much more powerful, but unconscious Prince Herb in her arms to save him from a collapsing mountain. In fact, Ranma (and Mousse and Ryōga) were splashed with cold water instants before for the sole reason of turning him female for this scene.
    • Hinako-sensei in adult form is once seen carrying the unconscious bodies of three girls (Shampoo, Ukyō and Kodachi) at the same time. It seems her energy-draining power is also boosting her strength.
  • The Electric Slide: Pick your poison; everyone does it as they're all martial artists of some form or another.
  • Embarrassing First Name: Quite obviously, Pantyhose Tarō. "Pantyhose Tarō" is his full name, but he only wants to change the first half of it into something less embarrassing, such as "Awesome Tarō."
  • Energy Absorption: English teacher Hinako Ninomiya.
  • Even the Guys Want Him: During the Koi Rod arc Ranma (in both his male and female forms) falls in love with Ryōga, causing much rejoicing from the shippers.
  • Everybody Was Kung-Fu Fighting: Anything-Goes insert-what-have-you-here.
  • Everyone Calls Him "Barkeep": The Dojo Destroyer, Principal Kunō, (Kunō Kōchō in Japanese) whose given name was never revealed. The Jusenkyō Guide is only ever called "Mr. Guide" by the cast and "Father" by his daughter.
  • Evil Feels Good: Nabiki, Shampoo, Pink, to a lesser degree Happōsai, as he is even more upbeat, but not quite as malevolent. A running theme of the show is that several of the most Jerkass-y characters tend to be extremely serene and happy about it, whereas people with a strong conscience tend to get depressed far more easily, much like the real world tends to work, rather than sticking to the corrupt story convention that pain equals evil and happiness equals goodness. It is most overtly displayed with Pink and Link, the former physically identical twin is a happy casual sadist, and the latter an altruist who gets victimized for her sister's misdeeds.
  • Evil Old Folks: Happōsai, possibly Cologne.
  • Evil Twin: Kiima, after she used the Akaneniichuan.
  • Evil Versus Evil: Kodachi Kuno against Asuka Saginomiya in the manga, and what one would most likely describe Nabiki against Kinnosuke Kashao. The former is a battle between an Alpha Bitch and an Alpha Bitch over who has the best boyfriend, using tactics like paralysis power, explosives, and kidnapping. The latter involves Nabiki, who regularly cons unsuspecting boys out of their money through dates and blackmail, going up against a guy whose entire martial arts dogma is built on drowning opponents in debt. Their entire match escalates to a bill for over one billion yen, with Nabiki taking the time to foist some of her bills on Akane and Ranma. This bit of dialog between Akane and Ranma, after Kinnosuka plummets to the ground from a helicopter, sums up the two nicely.
    Akane: What a terrifying man... wouldn't spend 10 yen to save his life.
    Ranma: I'm more terrified of your sister, who wouldn't give him the parachute for free!
  • Exactly What It Says on the Tin: Spring of Drowned Yeti holding an Eel and Crane while Riding an Ox.
  • Exact Words: The episode "The Matriarch Takes A Stand." The matriarch of the Daimonji School of Martial Arts Tea Ceremony announces she plans to "take a stand" while her school is preparing for an important tea ceremony. This shocks the majority of the school, with the three elder teachers explaining to Sentaro the sort of horrible implications that could arise for the matriarch's new stand. The situation escalates to Ranma being kidnapped for whatever sort of thing the matriarch is going to do. It turns out she's taking a stand as in standing up. Her school's fighting style is based around being seated at all time, so she wanted to stretch her legs. Ranma was only brought in to give her legs a massage because they're numb.
  • Expy:
    • Ranma himself seems based on Ryonnosuke from Urusei Yatsura, but then so does Ukyō.
    • Genma. He seems based on Ryonnosuke's father of Urusei Yatsura.
    • Kodachi seems based on Ryoko, Mendou's sister of Urusei Yatsura, basically being a more flamboyant, and less manipulative, version of the same sadistic aristocratic personality.
    • Ryōga. He shares various characteristics with Ryu from Street Fighter, such as being constantly training stoic bandanna-wearing martial artists Walking the Earth with a backpack, while struggling between personal nobility and strong negative emotions, although Ryu is a considerably more mature version of the archetype, and their personalities are quite different in other ways. Sagara Sanosuke of Rurouni Kenshin is also quite similar in personality and lost Walking the Earth nature.
  • Extreme Doormat: Konatsu
  • Extreme Omnivore: Kurumi in the OAVs can eat six-course meals prepared by Akane and ask for seconds. Ranma supposedly gained this ability from a "noodle of strength" (which would come in handy with Akane), but it was never mentioned again.
  • Eye Catch: The first season had Ranma (girl type) juggling things, and Genma (panda type) eating things, but starting in the second season the eyecatches changed to chibi versions of Akane and Ranma, which would be used for the majority of the series. The first has Akane swatting at Ranma (boy type) with a broom but landing on P-chan, while the other has Akane practicing martial arts on a retreating Ranma (boy type), who backflips into a tub of water, transforming into girl-type Ranma.
  • Face Fault
  • Failure Is the Only Option: Ranma never escapes the curse (and the ways in which it comes crashing down sometimes meanders into Yank the Dog's Chain), and his Unwanted Harem never loses any members.
  • Fan Disservice: Genma is sometimes nude when he changes back from panda form... Fortunately, usually averted — he seems to have eventually mastered the art of magically appearing clothing. Plus some of his fans wouldn't object too much.
  • Fanservice:
    • And how. Ranma spends at least half the time female, and much of that time topless...
    • And on the flipside, Ryōga and Mousse are often stark naked when they transform back into men.
  • Fat Bastard:
    • Genma isn't exactly father material as he's incredibly selfish and willing to dump responsibilities on Ranma.
    • Also the Dojo Destroyer.
  • Father, I Don't Want To Fight: Ranma in the anime only episode "Am I Pretty? Ranma's Declaration of Womanhood", after a bonk on the head. Akane uses Ranma's skull as the Reset Button at the episode's end though.
  • Faux Action Girl: Early on it is established that Akane is a trained martial artist, and she is shown defeating numerous boys at her school. However, she is constatly kidnapped by various villains throughout the series and movies. She also routinely is incapapable of winning fights against significant enemies without Ranma's intervention.
  • Faux Paw: Ranma does this when his ailurophobia drives him into thinking he's a cat. Justified in that he's not actually supposed to be a cat or part-cat; he's just acting how he perceives a cat would.
  • Feminine Women Can Cook: Kasumi's defining trait and a source of major angst for Akane; this is also Ukyō's primary advantage over Akane in the fiancée sweepstakes, and one she lampshades constantly. Shampoo as well.
  • Femininity Failure: Generally the case with Akane.
  • Festival Episode
  • Fight Unscene: Played Straight more and more often over the course of the Anime.
  • Filler: Both the manga and anime alike are full of minor stories designed to take up one episode or chapter and not really be of any importance. The anime gets more attention paid to its filler, however, because it created its own minor stories as well as adapting others from the original manga, making it appear far less connected to the manga, which consequently had fewer gaps between its story arcs.
  • First Kiss:
    • Ranma from Shampoo, much to Akane Tendō's ire.
    • In the girl form Ranma's first kiss was forced upon him by a guy he hated: Handsome Lech Mikado Sanzen'nin. While he was transformed into a girl. Poor Ranma runs away screaming and crying, and Akane doesn't blame him at all.
    • If one counts the time Akane kissed "P-Chan" on his snout, then her first kiss was unintentionally with Ryōga. (No wonder Ranma was furious.) She seems to consider her first kiss to have been with Ranma while he was under the Cat-Fist.
  • Flung Clothing: Kodachi, more than once, changing to her leotard.
  • Fool's Map: One episode has Ranma and Ryōga trying to find some artifacts that would cure their Jusenkyō curses using a map that Cologne has deciphered for them. It leads them all around Nerima before ending up back at Cologne's ramen shop. Ranma naturally thinks this is in effect and attacks, but in the process uncovers the very thing he was looking for.
  • Forged Message: In the anime episode "Genma Takes a Walk", one of the pushes to end the petty fight between his and Akane's fathers is Ranma having written a pair of insulting letters of challenge on behalf of both parties to each other, off-screen. Akane realizes this on-screen, while enraged fathers fall for it not without throwing in some remarks about opponent's bad handwriting, etc.
  • Forgot I Couldn't Swim: During the Phoenix Pill arc, Akane sees Ranma getting pounded to paste by Cologne in a duel at the beach (which has now moved to the ocean). She valiantly dives headfirst into the ocean to assist her fiancé... leaving Kasumi and Nabiki to wonder if she had ever learned to swim. And now Ranma has to rescue her too on top of everything else.
  • Freaky Is Cool: "So, when is Ranma gonna turn back into a guy?" "Hey, fine by me if he stays a girl."
  • Freeze-Frame Bonus: In this screen shot taken from the anime Nabiki can be seen reading a volume of the Ranma manga. It also counts as Leaning on the Fourth Wall.
  • Friendly Enemy: Ranma and Ryōga, after the first few stories. Much as Ryōga is fixated on beating Ranma (which becomes more simply being the Arrogant Kung-Fu Guy then revenge pretty quick), he is perfectly willing to help Ranma out, Ranma has no qualms about helping Ryōga, and the two are generally quick to make alliances of convenience. Of course, they're equally quick to fall out again, but what do you expect? Shampoo and Ukyō have some elements of this... in the manga, this usually results in one of their more villainous moments.
  • Fruit of The Loon: The loon is Principal Kunō, the fruit is pineapples. Any questions?
  • Furo Scene: A fair amount of action occurs in and around the Tendō home's furo as well as public baths elsewhere in Nerima. Considering the cast's involuntary transformations are caused by exposure to hot/cold water, scenes in the furo are almost always because of the need to turn back to their usual form. If it's not, they'll end up changing before the story is over.

    G to L 
  • Gainaxing: Breast, in the OAV, have independent mobility.
  • Gender Bender: Making Ranma both Ms. Fanservice and Mr. Fanservice at the same time. Maybe the most famous example.
  • Gender Reveal:
    • Hiroshi and Daisuke, at least in the manga. Their response to discovering that cute redheaded girl they've been crushing on is, in fact, their male best friend? "We don't care, she's still hot."
    • Tsubasa also drops a Bridget on Ranma at the end of his introductory (and sole, in the manga) story.
    • And Konatsu drops it on Ukyō at the end of his.
  • Gender Vocabulary Slip: Ranma routinely uses the masculine pronoun of "ore" to refer to himself, even in his female form.
  • Genre Shift: For the first few volumes the manga is a (comparatively) grounded romantic comedy series with arc-based plots and tangible Character Development. After a while it transforms into a manic, sitcom-esque gag-fest with an episodic monster/new character/new magical trinket of the week format and an unshakable status quo, punctuated by occasional longer arcs.
  • Ghibli Hills: Anywhere in Japan that isn't Nerima tends to be presented as such. At least until Ranma and co have finished trashing it over a Martial Arts tiddlywinks challenge or some such.
  • Ghostly Goals:
    • The anime has a cute ghost girl named Kogane who wants somebody to find her lost tanuki doll.
    • The manga has an ugly old ghost matron who places a death curse on Happōsai that won't lift unless he swipes her old-fashioned bloomers.
  • Girls with Moustaches: When Akane eats the super soba. It's full of male hormones, making facial hair growth a side effect. At least the whiskers drop off once the magic wears off.
  • The Glasses Gotta Go: Inverted; Mousse looks like a handsome Bishonen... until his terrible eyesight forces him to put on a hideous set of Opaque Nerd Glasses.
  • The Glomp:
    • Ranma 1/2 is the Trope Namer: The first known appearance of the word "glomp" is a sound effect in the Viz media English translation of Ranma 1/2 Volume One, Part 12, published in 1993. The term was adopted wholesale by the highly prolific Ranma fanfic community and the rest is history.
    • It's Shampoo's signature move towards Ranma, although Ryōga has also been glomped by Akane once (while she was brainwashed — by Shampoo, natch).
    • Akane has also glomped Ranma once, when he returned to the Tendō home after his fight with Herb.
    • Ryōga was also glomped by Male form Ranma during the Koi Rod arc (and the shippers rejoiced).
    • During the Do-chan (Battlesuit of Armor) arc, Ranma glomped Akane the best he freaking could without fainting on the spot... They are a Takahashi Pairing after all.
    • The most extreme glomping-series was the chapter wherein Shampoo used a magical "shiryaki mushroom spice" that gave anyone a hypnotic command to perform over and over. An awful amount of glomping was going on there. Ranma later used a suggestion incense to get Ryōga to hug anyone that said pig since Akari really liked pigs, with similar goofy results.
  • Grand Finale: For the manga. Abandoned arcs aside, it definitely deserves a mention for this trope for taking up two manga volumes.
  • Grand Theft Me: The Vengeful Spirit Doll, Maomolin, the Oni...
  • Hair Colors: Mostly a consequence of the animated adaptation, which gave the characters distinctive colors that remained fixed throughout the production. The first chapter of the manga was in color and portrayed Ranma with black hair in both forms. The fact the rest of the manga was in black and white, coupled with the greater availability of the anime, means that Girl-Ranma's hair is red in the public perception, to the extent that referring to her with black hair usually confuses most fans. Takahashi herself fueled this by publishing promotional pictures of "Ranma-chan" with various hair colors.
  • Half-Human Hybrid: While not half-humans themselves, the people of the Musk Dynasty have inherited the blood of powerful animals and mythological creatures by throwing them in "The Spring of Drowned Girl" and mating with them. The Phoenix Kingdom, on the other hand, became Winged Humanoids through centuries of consuming Jusenkyō-cursed water (bird curses, natch) for pretty much every aspect of their lives (drinking, bathing, washing...) throughout generations.
  • Hammerspace: Ranma ½ is the Trope Namer for this one too, though in this case the term originated in the FFML online fanfiction community. Used by nearly everyone in the cast in the name of comedy. Hammers are but a fraction of the items pulled out. Usually it's a shinai, bokken, spatula, chui, kettles, tables, miscellaneous so-called-weapons, heavy blunt objects in general, etc.
  • Harmful to Minors: The whole point of the Neko-Ken, a technique officially banned by all right-thinking martial artists due to the fact it revolves around traumatizing a young child physically and mentally to induce a Berserk Mode. Not just Training from Hell, but also fundamentally flawed as well. Unfortunately, Genma Saotome is not a right-thinking martial artist.
  • Having a Blast: Fanon is that the Happo Fire Burst is this (as well as a Ki Attack), due to the canonical Zigzagging Trope which is never really resolved. Canon first presents it as a Dangerous Forbidden Technique, before revealing it to be a Joke Item — using fireworks to feign a high-powered Ki Attack. Then it becomes Happōsai's signature move and actually quite effective (for the genre). Fanon immediately proceeds to claim that the Happo Fire Burst is actually a Ki Attack which conjures the explosives from Ki energy (see the Fan Wank entry above). Of course, Happōsai is not the only one with a Hyperspace Arsenal, proving that in the setting, it is possible with enough skill, so they really might just be weaponized fireworks. It's a more likely weapon than many of the other cast members'....
  • Heads I Win, Tails You Lose: Tatewaki Kunō applies this trope to himself regularly as part of his never-ending quest for a date from Akane Tendō and/or Ranma Saotome. He routinely attacks either girl, proclaiming that if he defeats them then they must allow him to go on a date with them, but whenever they fight back, he also states that if they defeat him, then he will allow them to go on a date with him. That they do not want a date with him is something his absurdly inflated ego prevents him from realising.
  • Heavy Sleeper:
    • Ranma, who can dodge attacks without waking up.
    • Shampoo also knows of a technique that allows her to fight automatically while asleep.
    • Akane once inhaled a magic incense that did the same thing.
  • Henohenomoheji: Ranma often wears one as mask.
  • Here We Go Again:
    • The end of the "Invincible" Phoenix Sword saga.
    • The episode "Clash of the Delivery Girls! The Martial Arts Takeout Race" ends just as it begins: A man entering the house, declaring Ranma to be their son.
  • Heroic BSOD: Ranma, upon Akane's Disney Death at Jusendō. Not even a Get A Hold Of Yourself Man punch from Ryōga fazes him, nor is the prospect of being eaten alive by Saffron's egg.
  • Heterosexual Life-Partners: Though they haven't seen each other for a long time by the time the series starts, in the anime Genma and Sōun are usually shown hanging out together, playing shogi, go, or enjoying the countryside. In the manga they don't spend much time together on screen. However, in both canons, Sōun considers Genma to be morally reprehensible and gets mad at him for his various Jerkass deeds, although it never has any serious consequences. Sōun seems to be the only character who can understand Panda-Genma's speech, without Genma having to resort to holding up signs.
  • Hey, You!: Ranma as "Boy".
  • High School Hustler: Nabiki, in fanon — in canon, she's more of The Barnum.
  • Hilariously Abusive Childhood: Ranma especially, but many secondary characters also have some form of trauma that's typically played for laughs (Ryōga unintentionally abandoned by his family at a young age, Mousse's constant beatdowns from Shampoo, Principal Kunō's treatment of his children). Topping it off: The guy who's put Ranma through all of his Hilariously Abusive Childhood is the more loving of the two parents. His mother has Ranma's suicide ritual if he proves to be anything but a Man Amongst Men so well-memorized that she performs it in her sleep.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard:
    • Herb was ultimately defeated by gathering all the energy he had released into one big, mountain-crushing bomb.
    • Kunō's Watermelon Sword attack is defeated when Ranma places a watermelon on his head, causing him to knock himself out.
    • The Hiryū Shōten Ha technique works by turning an opponent's own strength and rage against them, and is usually a one-hit-KO. The aforementioned mountain-crushing bomb, as well as the method that defeats Saffron, are variations on this technique and work on the same principle.
  • Honest John's Dealership: Nabiki, at every given opportunity.
  • Honor Before Reason: Ryōga has a strict honor code, and strict is the way he adheres to it. He'll never, never, fight anyone who cannot fight back, or take advantage of an opponent's weakness.
  • Hulk Speak: Shampoo, but only in the English and German dubs.
  • Human Doorstop: In the first movie, Lychee's elephant, Jasmine, stomps a hole in the bottom of the boat they're taking across the Sea of Japan. The gang plugs the hole with Happōsai, whose antics got them in the mess in the first place.
  • Human Mail: Happōsai gets stuffed into a box to be mailed somewhere a couple of times in both Manga and Anime. It never sticks.
  • Hyperspace Mallet:
    • In fanon this is Akane's signature weapon. However, while she occasionally does use some form of mallet in both the anime and manga, she usually uses any available blunt object, most frequently shinai, and various other characters have used them in either medium.
    • Noteworthy for Sōun, who, when using his battle aura to turn Kaiju size, appears in full samurai armor.
  • Hypno Fool: Ranma and Akane are frequently the victims of mind-influencing magic, spells and poisons. Ranma is more frequently the victim in the anime (a hypnotic technique from Sasuke to make him go on a date with Kunō, being controlled by his evil side come to life courtesy of Happōsai), while Akane tends to be the victim of choice in the manga (Happōsai uses a magical incense that causes her to fall asleep until spring).
  • I Do Not Drink Wine: The Seven Lucky Gods from Nekonron, China.
  • I Want My Beloved to Be Happy:
    • Akane tries to pass off Kunō's obsession with her onto Ranma this way, though it doesn't actually work. Because he wants both of them.
    • Aside from that, the only person in the entire series who comes close to playing this straight is Konatsu towards Ukyō.
    • During the arc where the Tendō engagement gets switched from her to Nabiki, on hearing Nabiki tell Ranma "I love you" to manipulate him and think it is real, she decides to try giving up on Ranma because she couldn't express her feelings and Nabiki could.
    • It's also shown by Ranma toward Ryōga in the Fishing Rod of Love arc.
    • There's also an anime only episode where Mousse decides to return to China, and even actually tries to get Ranma and Shampoo closer to each other.
  • I Was Just Passing Through: Is actually subverted with Ryōga, who comes to Ranma's aid during the moxibustion storyline. With Ryōga as Ranma's not-very-friendly (up until then) Rival, whose horrible directional sense would enable him to legitimately make the claim to having been "just passing through," you'd expect the playing of this card to be a no-brainer. But when Ranma out-and-out asks him if he's saving him for himself, Ryōga angrily denies it, says he hates bullies, and then breaks down crying with sadness to see a "great warrior" such as Ranma reduced to such a state. Later he helps Ranma regain his strength.
  • Identity Amnesia:
    • After bonking himself hard on the head during the Watermelon Island story, Kunō goes from grabby-but-harmless buffoon to a crazed stalker whose skill actually allows him to terrorize Ranma.
    • In one anime episode, Ranma, when he gets whacked upside the head hard enough, thinks he really is a girl. However, that is a case of Loss of Identity rather then Identity Amnesia — she remembers being "Ranma" perfectly, her personality is just twisted into an entirely new format.
  • Idiot Crows
  • The Idiot from Osaka: Ukyō; although she isn't an idiot, is often depicted as a bit moneygrubbing, another stereotypical Osakan trait.
  • Imagine Spotting: Combines with Medium Awareness as characters are often able to look up into previous panels and make remarks such as:
    Akane: Laying it on a bit thick, aren't you?
    "Good idea, we should have a Western ceremony!" or
    "Leave me OUT of your sick fantasies!"
  • Impact Silhouette: The surprising amount of detail on the character-shaped holes or impressions is part of the fun.
  • Important Haircut: Akane
  • Improbable Weapon User: Lots of minor characters, but the main crew isn't too far behind.
  • Improv Fu: Ranma Saotome has this trope reconstructed, featuring an as-serious-as-it-can-get Anything Goes Martial Arts dojo. While the fighting style has some of its own unique characteristics, Ranma's most distinctive ability is being able to adapt with remarkable skill, something that comes in handy when forced to engage in all sorts of rule-restricted Martial Arts and Crafts.
  • Improvised Weapon:
    • Akane is very good at using any blunt object at hand to bash Ranma.
    • Ranma, particularly in the manga, is very good at improvising weapons and has done so with a large variety of objects like pinwheels, rocks, sticks, clothesline poles, his hair, tennis rackets, paper fans, Ryōga, etc.
    • Mousse has a special "White Swan" attack, which involves him hitting his opponent with a swan-shaped training potty
  • Indecisive Parody: While some people consider it an action comedy series where the humor extends into the depiction of martial arts tropes, other people see it as this. Especially since it pokes fun at otherwise serious scenarios (a duel against a nigh-invulnerable opponent whose fingerpoke can explode a person to bitsnote , a teamup against a two story-tall minotaur monster, a no-holds-barred battle with a murderous ki master, a duel against a deathly-serious opponent with layers upon layers of meaning about family honor,) with hilarious lampshade hangings of techniques and deconstructions of the foes' motives (an "Ultimate Secret Technique" that consists of running away to think up something better, the monster is actually a Jerkass martial artist named "Pantyhose Tarō" by Happōsai, Ranma stealing the deathly-serious opponent's clothes and leaving him in boxers, etc.) And that's the "serious" fights against "serious" enemies — the comedy-oriented Martial Arts and Crafts contests fully embrace the trope, showing eating contests or martial arts cooking battles with the same exaggerated drama of Fist of the North Star or Saint Seiya.
  • Indy Ploy: Every single fight. Ranma is particularly adept at coming up with new variations of old techniques during the middle of heated battles.
  • Innocent Fanservice Girl: Ranma does not seem to comprehend that being topless as a girl is not always appropriate. He honestly isn't much better at staying clothed as a guy, either.
  • Instant Cosplay Surprise:
    • During the martial art skating match against the Golden Pair, Ranma-chan and Ryōga are swept away by the "Kolkhoz High Fashion Club" when the audience complains that Ranma's costume isn't sexy enough. They bring in portable booths as dressing rooms, but are quite fast to put Ryōga and Ranma into proper skating outfits.
    • When Principal Kunō is teaching Akane how to swim, he promises a swimsuit which would allow her to "swim with the grace of a swan". She imagines a beautiful ballerina outfit and goes to put it on. Next panel, it's actually a full-body suit making her look like an ugly duck, and she Megaton Punches the Principal.
    • A similar "dressing themselves without realizing what they're wearing" variant occurs to female Ranma. When trying to help a sickly young boy who won't take his medicine unless she takes him on a date, she accepts the clothes he hands to her just to play along. It's only after she's dressed that she realizes she's wearing a Sailor Fuku blouse and gym bloomers (no skirt). She kicks him out the window and calls him a Lolicon.
    • The "martial art" variant happens later in the manga (Book #34). Happōsai is trying to force Ranma to wear a Playboy Bunny outfit, and after a Single-Stroke Battle, he manages to put a Sailor Fuku... on the male Ranma. Just as he's about to meet his mother to prove he was manly.
    • The trope could be said to be half-used during the fight against Ryū Kumon, where Ranma performs the Umi-Senken to remove Ryū's (and Sōun's) clothes in a blink. This one doesn't even need Power Perversion Potential to be misapplied.
    • A Filler scene in the very early anime implies that Nabiki keeps doing this to female Ranma when the latter's clothes are all in the laundry. Although the changes happen off-screen, Ranma keeps running in and out of frame wearing a kimono, a dominatrix outfit, and even a Las Vegas-style showgirl outfit, complete with tiara and feathers, all while screaming at Nabiki to stop it.
    • Being knocked out and waking up in a wedding dress/wedding kimono/wedding tux happens to Akane and Ranma twice each (and in Ranma's case, the tux and the kimono).
  • Instant Expert: Ranma was once attacked by Genma using the Umisen-ken. Genma "showed" it to him only once. Ranma mastered it in mere days well enough to use in battle.
  • Insulted Awake
  • Intimate Healing: The one-shot character Densuke will only take his vitally-needed medication if it's given by a pretty nurse. Weird circumstances make this nurse out to be Ranma. And Densuke does his level best to get the medicine delivered by this method. He fails with Ranma, but the medicine is delivered by this method (by a male gonk of a doctor).
  • Involuntary Dance: Linlin and Ranran play the Theme Tune which causes the opponent to dance uncontrollably, and while they dance Linlin and Ranran use the flamethrower to burn the opponent.
  • Jerkass: Most of the cast. In fact, in Real Life everyone (including Kasumi) could be jailed for a number of crimes or not reporting them.
  • Jerk with a Heart of Gold: Ranma on a bad day, and Ryōga. Ranma can be arrogant, petty, manipulative, but will generally feel sorry about being an ass and is compassionate and helpful towards most people in trouble. Ryōga gives a harsh first impression, his anger can run away with him, and he is prone to idiotic behaviour, but behaves in a more polite and considerate manner in general, is just as helpful as Ranma when confronted with people in trouble, and his compassion is as overemotional as the rest of him. (Typical example: when Ranma is rendered weak by Happōsai, and needs someone to fight seriously against him, Ryōga tries to help, but finds that he is unable to consciously strike someone so much weaker than himself, and runs away crying Tender Tears... Also earlier in the same arc, it's Ryōga who saves Ranma from Tatewaki Kunō, Principal Kunō and Mousse, because he couldn't bear to see anyone taking advantage of his weakness.) Granted, this aspect of his is only shown later on in the story.
  • Jeweler's Eye Loupe: In the manga, Nabiki wears an eye loupe to appraise the "engagement ring" Ranma's mother tasked Ranma to give to his fiancée. Nabiki deems it of no monetary value, which doesn't change its symbolic value. Turns out, it's not an engagement ring at all, although for once it isn't because Nabiki was deceptive about it.
  • Kamehame Hadoken:
    • The Shi-Shi Hōkōdan and Moko Takabisha Ki Attacks. This is more notable in the anime, where they're shown as sustained energy beams in the second Non-Serial Movie (normally, they're Hadoken-style fireballs).
    • Herb's Ki Attacks are also like this once he gets out of Mode Lock.
    • The anime has Natsume and Kurumi's "Ryūka Ringu", or "Ring of Dragon Fire", which is one part this to one part Everything's Better with Spinning.
    • Though based on magic instead of ki, Saffron has a variety of fiery projectiles, all the way up to a super-blast of flame the name of which roughly translates as "Empire Instant Annihilation Blast".
  • Kawaiiko: Azusa Shiratori
  • Kansai Regional Accent: Ukyō.
  • Karma Houdini:
    • Nabiki Tendō has never received any sort of comeuppance for her callous actions in the entire series. Rumiko Takahashi likes this character and considers her sociopathic actions within the family dynamic to be the reason she's funny.
    • Asuza never pays for her kleptomaniac tendencies, in which she steals things in plain view, sometimes right IN FRONT OF the owners. She also has no problems beating up the owners to get said cute thing of the hour. In a sense, she's basically MUGGING people and always getting away with it. Hell, I wouldn't be surprised that some of the things she's got stashed in her house she stole from little kids...
    • Akane also hardly, if ever, received any sort of comeuppance for her bratty actions on Ranma or anyone else. Hell, when she realizes she was wrong about something, mostly about Ranma, she NEVER apologizes and acts like it never happened.
  • Keeping Secrets Sucks
  • Kendo Team Captain: Tatewaki Kunō.
  • Ki Attacks
  • Kick the Son of a Bitch: Those who don't think of Mousse as a Jerkass Woobie (and even some who do) typically regard Shampoo's mistreatment of him at this. It shows she can be cold, cruel and callous, yes, but, as they point out, Mousse is a blatant Stalker with a Crush who has been harrassing her for thirteen years before the series starts, at least, and chased her to Japan openly declaring his intention was to Murder the Hypotenuse. Shampoo makes it extremely clear in both continuities that she does not love Mousse and has never loved him (making Mousse's attempt to beat Ranma to make him "give her up" clearly more using him as a scapegoat than anything), rather than this being a case of Belligerent Sexual Tension. Not only does she continually refuse his efforts to kiss her during one story in which she is looking at being turned into a cat forever if she can't be kissed, insisting that the only way the kiss will work is if she loves the person she kisses, the manga has a filler story where she hears that it sounds like Mousse is going to die... and couldn't care less. While Ranma (who Mousse has tried to kill or at least humiliate dozens of times), Cologne (who sees Mousse as an annoyance at best) and Akane desperately race to save Mousse, Shampoo promptly turns on her Super Nintendo and starts playing games, leaving Akane, who was trying to warn her, to go storming off in disgust.
  • Kid Samurai: Tatewaki Kunō.
  • Kill It with Fire: Saffron's attacks.
  • Kill It with Water:
    • Quite a number of martial artists are transformed into (relatively) harmless animals when hit with water. Once, an entire mountain was rigged so as to eliminate all enemies this way.
    • In the first movie, Ranma realizes how to get past the Big Bads perfect defense. He kicks up water in the flooding room, and punches it blazingly fast at his opponent. As he blocks punches by grabbing them with his chopsticks, this technique obviously does not work on the water punches.
  • Knife-Throwing Act: Mousse disguises himself as a circus knife-thrower when he comes back (for good) to hunt down Ranma. And he does pin the latter down to the target board, but Ranma escapes the deliberate stabbing.
  • Knuckle Cracking:
    • Ranma likes to crack his knuckles, especially by just flexing his fingers, all the time when getting ready to start fighting seriously.
    • Ryōga also makes a show of crushing some walnuts in his fingers to emphasize his attitude towards Ranma in his second appearance.
  • Kryptonite Is Everywhere: Present early in the series, with many convenient bodies/sources of cold water, and Ranma frequently being forced into otherwise benign bodies of water due to his tendency to jump before he looked (Tendō koi pond, anyone?). Disappointingly increasingly averted later in the series. They threw away/forgot one of the primary gags of the series. Especially by having Ranma keep his secret from the school the whole time in the anime.
  • Kryptonite-Proof Suit: Water proof soap.
  • Lamarck Was Right: The Musk Dynasty. To some extent, the Phoenix Kingdom. Superpowerful Genetics play a large role in these cultures' development.
  • Large Ham: "I MUST PREPARE THE INK QUICKLY LEST I FORGET!"
  • Larynx Dissonance:
    • In the European Spanish dub, the same actress dubs female and male Ranma. Spot-on performance for the former, while the latter sounds ten years old.
    • Sarah Strange played male Ranma in the first few seasons before Richard Cox took over the role.
  • Laser-Guided Amnesia: Or Bokken Guided Amnesia as it were...
  • Last Confession Wins
  • Leotard of Power: Female Ranma and Kodachi wear tight, bottom (and bosom)-hugging leotards in Martial Arts Rhythmic Gymnastics tournament. Akane also wore one during training, but didn't get to compete.
  • Left Hanging: The Anime series ends nowhere near the manga's climax, whose own open ending may be just as bad depending on your perspective — though by that point both the manga and the anime had evolved into an ensemble comedy and any semblance of an overall plot arc had long-since been abandoned. Takahashi likely took one look at the Love Dodecahedron and simply gave up resolving it. It's worth a mention, however, that Ranma and Akane made a lot of progress in their relationship, as compared to the earlier volumes. In the later volumes, they implictly talk about "their relationship" and ocasionally dare to each other to acknowledge his/her feelings first. In a Valentine's Day episode, Ranma suggests Akane buying him chocolates instead of making them and Akane finally gives him a brownie. And Ranma is even able to confess his love to her in the final volume.
  • Left Stuck After Attack: After Saotome Ranma in girl form routinely dodges Tendō Akane's attacks, Akane throws a fierce jab. Ranma leaps over the blow, which continues into the dojo wall. Akane remains motionless with surprise rather than being stuck. Ranma simply taps Akane's head as an "I win" gesture. It is then that Akane realizes that Saotome Ranma is a high-level martial artist.
  • Lethal Chef: Akane. Her cooking is so bad that anything living would get food poisoning (averted by Kurumi). Happōsai, who's probably the most inhuman character in the series, couldn't even stomach eating her cookies and complained that he should've been warned they weren't meant for human consumption. This gets ridiculously flanderized in Fan Fic, even after she begins to improve in the last third of the manga and makes an acceptable curry once (the funny part about this is that the men of the house only find this out after she leaves to deal with a "monster" in the woods at the request of some villagers, and they think she ran away from home out of rejection).
  • Light Is Not Good: Asuka Saginomiya, a.k.a. "Asuka the White Lily," a rival of Kodachi Kuno's from childhood. Blonde, dresses in white, heavily associated with lilies, she's just as haughty and twisted as Kodachi is, if not more so.
  • Lighter and Softer:
    • To some extent in the anime. Ranma ½ may be a comedy, but it's an action/drama/comedy, and the original manga is pretty dark sometimes (more so if considered from a first-person point of view). As this blog points out, there are all sorts of things — Power at a Price is alive and well (most of the Charles Atlas Superpowers or Supernatural Martial Arts come at the cost of Sacrificed Basic Skill for Awesome Training, include Dangerous Forbidden Techniques, inflict Power Incontinence (including more physical strength than you can safely handle), requires Training from Hell, is Harmful to Minors, or any combination of the above), for starters. There have been multiple near-deaths and attempted murders, there are spells and items that can take away your body, mind, even your personality, your dreams can be invaded... The anime, though, turns down many of these events and even removes a few altogether (if only because some of the darkest stories came out after the anime was cancelled). With its canonical Alternate Character Interpretation, the characters seem less of a Dysfunction Junction, which helps.
    • Example of the Lighter and Softer: in a filler story, a mysterious weirdo has cursed paintings that he says will kill people if their seals are removed, citing how his grandfather and father, who painted two of them, died upon completion. In the anime, it's changed so that he specifies his ancestors were in their late '90s when they finished, implying he's just full of hot air and trying to drum up interest by overblowing things. Oddly, though, it's the anime that has the spider-demon and oni's seals be removed, causing them to emerge as kaiju, whereas in the manga only the scribble-panda comes out. Of course, Sōun, Genma and Happōsai promptly grow into giants themselves and hold them off all night without causing any damage.
  • The Little Shop That Wasn't There Yesterday
  • Loads and Loads of Characters
  • Loophole Abuse: In the Martial Arts Rhythmic Gymnastics, also Ranma winning the combination of downhill race and running battle, and more. See Loophole Abuse for details.
  • Lord Error-Prone: Tatewaki Kunō.
  • Lost in Translation: See Punny Name below. All they had to do was adjust the pronounciation of the dub (or the spelling of the subtitles) a bit...
  • Loudspeaker Truck
  • Lovable Sex Maniac: Happōsai, not so much lovable, but is a sex maniac. Kunō, on the other hand, is that and a masochist.
  • Love at First Punch: just about everyone who falls for Ranma or Akane seems to do so after being pounded on by them.
  • Love Dodecahedron: The term was coined just to describe Ranma's relationships
  • Love Makes You Crazy: Pick a suitor.
  • Love Makes You Dumb: Dr. Tofū around Kasumi. "And he was such a good doctor".
  • Love Potion: Not actual potions as such, but otherwise a common feature. Between the anime and manga, we've seen, among other things, a literal Umbrella of Togetherness and Red String of Fate, mushrooms that become a love potion when stewed, bracelet "jewels" that are taken as love potion pills, "compatibility testing" sakura-mochi, a box of aphrodisiac-soaked band-aids, and a "heart fishing pole". Thanks to his Unwanted Harem, and the general lack of scruples on the parts of... well... everyone... Ranma Saotome tends to be the one who gets whammied with these the most.
  • Lover Tug-of-War

    M to R 
  • Mad Love:
    • The Kunō siblings are madly and unrequitedly in love with alternate halves of Ranma. Tatewaki is deluded from reality, and wants to court several disinterested women at once; whereas Kodachi is extremely flamboyant, psychotic, and tries to use paralysis potions in her aim to gain Ranma as an enamoured servant.
    • Shampoo's personally stated motto centers around her willingness to kill any "obstacle" in her path if it is convenient. She is also a sadistic bully and manipulator, will gladly brainwash others if possible, and even force Ranma into loving her.
    • Mousse, meanwhile, has been stalking the utterly disinterested (to the point of wanting him to die) and recurrently violent Shampoo since they were three, and is so fixated on her that his initial purpose in the series is basically defined as Murder the Hypotenuse. However, Mousse turns more conflicted, is far more loyal (as seen in the Herb arc), and usually less calculated than she is, and settles down to simply wanting Ranma to get married to Akane, to leave Shampoo for himself.
  • Making a Splash:
    • Cologne's Shark Fist and various other water-manipulation techniques.
    • Also Ranma himself in the climax of the first movie.
  • Marriage Before Romance: The title character is betrothed to Akane while they are both teenagers, however subsequent romance is constantly derailed by, Akane's hatred of men, the frequent appearance of other fiancées as well as Ranma's curse that causes him to change into a woman whenever he is splashed with water.
  • Marriage of Convenience: The father of Saotome Ranma has arranged to board with with the father of Tendō Akane so that these two young people can become acquainted and eventually marry. Saotome Genma sees a huge advantage in Ranma inheriting a working dojo to maintain his martial arts training, and to thwart all of Ranma's other suitors as well. Tendō Sōun would like to see Akane marry someone with a strong interest in martial arts, so that the dojo he founded won't be neglected or sold off. However, Ranma regards Akane as too forceful and "uncute," while Akane despises boys in general, and calls Ranma a "pervert" to his face. Though these two characters have yet to marry, as that would essentailly end the story, the forces driving them together / apart form the Plot.
  • Martial Arts and Crafts:
    • The series is likely the Trope Maker, certainly the Trope Codifier, and the list of just how many different styles that the anime alone named is ridiculous. Most, but not all, are based specifically on one of the many strange competitions they have. In general, you have "serious" ones (that is, ones where the contestants actually aim to hurt each other), and "contest" ones (martial arts that tend to be goofy even by this series' standards).
    • On the serious side:
      • Martial Arts Cookery: though never explicitly named, there are implied to be quite a few of these in the world of Ranma ½. Ukyô Kuonji, one of the main characters, practices a variant revolving around okonomiyaki, and in the late manga we are introduced to a childhood rival who practices a variant involving takoyaki. An anime episode has Ukyô fight a practioner of Martial Arts Crepe Cookery, and the episode ends with the implication of Martial Arts Sushi/Sashimi Cookery.
      • Good Old Days Martial Arts: an anime-only martial art that involves using old-time toys (trading cards, tops, marbles, hackey-sacks, thread, etc.) as deadly weapons.
      • Martial Arts Calligraphy: while the combatants do aim simply to be the first one to draw a certain kanji/hiragana symbol, they are also allowed to beat the snot out of each other with letter openers, paper weights, ink, paper and calligraphy brushes the size of quarterstaves. An apparently lost variant allows the practitioner to draw special designs on a person's body that can manipulate their internal ki — the only example we're shown, the Mark of the Gods, is a goofy smiley face on the belly that amplifies the subject's skill something like tenfold.
      • Martial Arts Figure Skating: teams of two in extravagant costumes zipping around on an ice-skating rink and beating the living tar out of each other. This one is actually very dangerous, and the story arc involving it features arguably the most violent fights of the series. After all, you are fighting with the equivalent of daggers strapped to their feet, and over a hard, rough, icy surface.
      • Martial Arts Tea Ceremony: uses items from tea ceremony, including stirring sticks, spoons and tea whisks as weapons. Combatants must fight from the formal kneeling position — the trained practitioner can zip around in this pose as though they were standing, thanks to their strengthened toes, and even climb, hang upside down from the ceiling, and jump.
      • Martial Arts Rhythmic Gymnastics: implicitly a girls-only style (explicitly stated to be so in an anime filler episode involving an attempt to create a men's version), combatants use gymnastic props to beat on each other. Oddly enough, Ryôga knows this art well enough to teach it to Akane.
      • Martial Arts Cheerleading: another "girls only" style, Martial Arts Cheerleaders attempt to bolster their team through a mixture of cheering on their own teammates and beating up the opposing team, usually with very flashy moves.
      • Martial Arts Takeout Delivery: combatants race to be the first to deliver their takeout to the delivery place, beating up anyone who tries to oppose them. The only rule is that their own delivery item survive unscathed. (Anime-only; the manga version of the storyline features Shampoo in the role of Kaori and makes no reference to a Martial Arts School centering around the delivery.)
      • Bathhouse Fu: an anime style (though hinted at by Happôsai in an early story common to both canons), this fighting style is amphibious in base (combatants attack both from under water and on the surface) and uses items from around the bathhouse, like towels and pails, as weapons.
      • Martial Arts Shogi: the most ridiculous of the serious styles, combatants dress up in shogi piece costumes and adhere strictly to the actual rules of the shogi piece they are ranked. What keeps this from being a hokey style is the fact that they do legitimately try to pulverize the other team.
    • There're actually more serious Martial Arts and Crafts in Ranma ½ than there are joke ones… which is kind of worrying.
      • Martial Arts Dining: this style gives a whole new meaning to "food fight". The objective is to be the first one to clear all of the many plates of food you're given — and, for an extra twist, you must be incredibly neat about it. As in, you can't be seen to actually eat the food — if you're spotted, you get an extra plate as a penalty. As a result of centuries of adherence to these insane rules, practitioners have faces that they can warp and stretch like silly putty, as well as super-speed hand-strikes. Swallowing watermelons whole, picking a sweet from the top of one's own head with one's tongue and then swallowing it, all of these are possible. Ranma, unable to actually develop sufficient speed to compete, instead attempts to master an ancient and dangerous strategy known as the "Parlay du Fois Gras", where one's food is stuffed into the opponent's mouth (much like geese are force-fed to make fois gras) in an attempt to cause a jam and thus, a forfeit. The "dangerous" part comes from the fact that devoted users tend to starve to death.
      • Martial Arts Watermelon/Carry The Snowman Race: two different versions of a contest, one for beaches, one for mountains, and both essentially based on the Smashing Watermelons game. With a watermelon/miniature snowman in one hand and a bokken in the other, race for the finish line while smashing the items carried by the other racers and avoid getting your own smashed.
      • Martial Arts Pingpong/Badminton: just like the ordinary game... only the balls that the fighters bat back and forth can contain all sorts of booby traps, like exploding in a shower of glue.
      • There was also a Martial Arts Marriage Contest,\ in the second movie.
    • It also seems that every mundane task in The Verse gets not only a martial art, but specific fighting moves in Anything Goes. Crouch of the Wild Tiger, anyone?
  • Master-Apprentice Chain: Happōsai > Genma & Sōun > Ranma & Akane
  • Master of Disguise:
    • Tsubasa Kurenai, who is just as likely to crossdress as a pretty girl as be disguised as a very convincing tree. Kiima claims that her people have regularly used Jusenkyō to transform into humans other than Akane when they want to spy on or mingle with them.
    • Ranma himself tends to dress up, usually in girl form, for his schemes. Akane is the only one to see through his disguises.
  • Master Poisoner: Kodachi Kunō
  • Maybe Ever After: The series ends with the secondary finances/crushes on both sides crashing Ranma and Akane's wedding. Sōun says that another cannot start until they sort out these relationships. On one hand, the two agreed to the wedding and Ranma confessed his love earlier, but on the other, it's ambigious if Akane remembers the confession (long story) and she didn't explictly confess.
  • Mega Neko: The cat-ghost in S4 E18.
  • Megaton Punch:
    • Akane to Ranma, but most of the martial artists do this at one time or another.
    • Notably used by Shinnosuke's supposedly infirm grandfather, who even screams "Megaton Punch!" as he does it.
  • Mind-Control Device: Quite a few, which are usually used on (and even by) Ranma Saotome. Shampoo is the major offender. She uses hypnotic pressure points, mind-control mushrooms, and memory-erasing shampoo at various points to further her sinister plots. The plots usually don't work, the items/techniques work flawlessly. Not only that, in the final story arc she is imprisoned in a mind-control egg and emerges the slave of the bad guys.
  • Mind-Control Eyes: Happens to Ranma quite a bit and usually his male half.
  • The Mind Is a Plaything of the Body: Animal-curse characters can fly or run on all fours instants after being cursed. Pantyhose Tarō's octopus tentacles burdened him with octopus instincts. Rouge goes Ax-Crazy when transforming into Asura. Hinako acts childish as a young girl, but cold as woman. Ranma normally acts the same whatever his form but will react in a feminine manner whenever Rule of Funny requires it.
  • Miniature Senior Citizens: Cologne; Happōsai; Rakkyosai; Chingensai; Sentarō's grandmother; others.
  • Minor Insult Meltdown: Nothing short of complete and utter praise will please Akane especially when it comes to her cooking. For example when she first cooked for him Ranma took one bite and tried to just continue training instead of insulting it (she then tried her own food, said it was bad, and threw a rock at him).
  • Misplaced Wildlife: Lampshaded and justified with the forest of Ryūgenzawa.
  • Mistaken for Cheating: Multiple times, and almost always over-the-top.
  • Mistaken for Gay: Ryōga, when he accidentally snags Ranma with the "Fishing Rod of Love" (he wanted to get Akane instead): Ranma gets genuinely infatuated with him, but it's Ryōga who gets the short end of the stick.
  • Mix-and-Match Critters: Pantyhose Tarō's monster form; he later augments it himself with extra body parts.
  • Mode Lock: Depending on the mode, either the method of curing the curses or a reason to look for an antidote.
  • Moment Killer: All the time to Ranma and Shampoo and to Ranma and Akane.
  • Money Fetish: Nabiki Tendō, without a shadow of a doubt. There's almost literally nothing she won't do to make a few yen. Ukyō has a tiny bit of it as well.
  • Monumental Theft: During the training of the Umisenken (a powerful martial art style inspired by sneaky thieves and actually intended for that), he stole the foundation of the Tendō home, and the Tendō realized it only after the deed in spite of being sitting on it! Thankfully, his honour forbids him from using the Umisenken anymore...
  • Mood Whiplash: The Ryū Kumon storyline. While still crammed with the usual Takahashi humor, his backstory is surprisingly somber (at least initially), and his relationship with Nodoka Saotome has layers upon layers of meaning.
  • Morality Pet: Inverted. Being the pet, and his subsequent falling in love with Akane, is part of what sets Ryōga on the path to his eventual Heel–Face Turn.
  • The Mourning After: Sōun Tendō, never quite got over his wife's death, as painfully illustrated in the end of the manga Hinako arc.
  • Mr. Fanservice: Two of the guys lose their clothing after a transformation; and Ranma's tends to get torn up during the same. Even Kunō and the reveal of the two Male-to-Female crossdressers.
  • Mundane Made Awesome: Take Out Delivery Martial Arts, Fine Dining Martial Arts, Tea Ceremony Martial Arts, and so forth...
  • Mundane Utility: Ranma is often seen using his super human abilities for common things. The biggest most easily shown one is his wall climbing/clinging to ceilings. He does this often for a wide variety of reasons some examples: to play a prank on Gosunkugi, to spy on people, to hang decorations, to hide, and occasionally for no reason at all other than he can.
  • Murder the Hypotenuse:
    • Every crazed suitor in the entire series. Shampoo is willing to pull this on Akane and Ukyō if she thinks she can get away with it, as is Kodachi, while Mousse tries to dispatch Ranma in the same way. Its not clear whether early-series Ryōga would kill Ranma, but he definitely wants to severely beat him him/her. Earlier he was also throwing ki infused weapons/scarfs against Ranma that cuts through things a sword through Swiss cheeses.
    • Ranma, under the Koi Rod of Love's spell, viciously attacks Akane, believing her to be the Hypotenuse.
  • Mutilation Conga: Happens to every main male character at some point in the series.
  • My Significance Sense Is Tingling: Several times; most notably Akane and Ranma sensing Ryōga being killed by Lime in the manga, but there are other examples.
  • My Kung-Fu Is Stronger Than Yours: Obvious here.
  • Neat Freak: Ranma hates a messy room, and will start cleaning a dirty room without thinking about it as shown by his starting to clean Miss Hinako's room and having to think about it to stop.
  • Nerd Glasses: Mousse
  • Never Mess with Granny: Aside from Cologne, the majority of the practitioners of Martial Arts Tea Ceremony besides Sentaro and Satsuki appear to be elderly women. Sentaro and Satsuki are the grandchildren of the matriarchs of their respective schools, and they both have three elders as the highest ranked fighters under the matriarchs. These diminutive women are able to move at astounding speeds despite their age and utilize weapons that are literally gigantic versions of the tools used in performing the tea ceremony.
  • Never Trust a Hair Tonic: Genma is quite embarrassed about his baldness and has tried all kinds of cures. There's the one that only works when he's angry, the one that comes from a one-of-a-kind dragon's whisker, and so forth.
  • Never My Fault: Everyone.
    • Surprisingly averted with Ranma who often apologizes for things that are not his fault and apologizes when he doesn't even know why he should apologize.
    • Here’s a list of times people in the Ranma ½ manga apologize or feel guilty at: Ranma Apologies.
  • Nice Job Breaking It, Hero:
    • Many times throughout the series, Ranma and Akane are on the verge of having a moment, when they realise that they are being watched by their families, one of whom is holding a video camera. Or one of the parents blunders in, giving his blessing and tearfully proclaiming how happy he is. Ranma and Akane then get mad at each other and it's back to square one.
    • Durring the episode Hot Springs Battle Royal Ranma manages to partner with Akane while their other parnters are brawling. Ranma says that if he had paired with Akane in the first place, they would have won already. Akane is very happy and all is forgiven... until Ranma says that the "cute" girls don't have Akane's brute strengh which he needs to win the race with.
  • Nightmare Face: Ranma's face during his Cat Fist that appears at 16:18 in episode 23. It just looks creepy.
  • Ninja: Subversion: Sasuke. Played straight: Konatsu the Genius Kunoichi, who lives up to the "Genius" part but not so much the "Kunoichi" part
  • Noblewoman's Laugh: Kodachi Kunō, and it's really exaggerated, played up to the point of absurdity.
    • This may have to do with the fact pretty much everything about Kodachi is absurd.
    • Once done in an area where a sign read, "Please do not laugh loudly in the garden".
  • Nobody Calls Me Chicken: Ranma, moreso in the anime than the manga.
  • Non-Fatal Explosions: Happōsai regularly throws around homemade gunpowder hand grenades. It's usually Ranma himself that gets left charred, smoking and pissed off, but otherwise unharmed. In one episode of the anime he also uses Abnormal Ammo, altering this move from the "Happo Daikarin" to the "Happo Daikabin", or "Happo Mold Burst". That's right, as in the nasty fuzzy stuff that grows on spoiled food.
  • No Romantic Resolution: Takahashi spent so much time getting to the ending that she did not know how to make a serious resolution anymore.
  • The Nose Bleed: Ryōga, mainly.
  • No Sense of Direction: Ryōga is the king of this trope. Flanderized to high heaven in fanfiction, with him crossing continents, dimensions, and even fictional boundaries without noticing. (Although to be fair, the anime did show that at one point he had stumbled into Moscow while lost, albeit as a joke in and of itself, so the first isn't much of a flanderization.)
  • No Social Skills: Being raised alone, constantly on the road, with martial arts as the most important goal, and by Genma no less, did a number on Ranma's people skills. While he has no problem socializing per se, and generally gets along just fine, he's extremely blunt, has all the tact of a chainsaw, and casually insults people who are standing right there (often, to their face.) This would normally make him a borderline Jerkass, but considering Genma —the only person Ranma had constant contact with for 16 years— acts the exact same way towards everyone, and treats Ranma even worse...
  • Oblivious to Love:
    • Akane seems perpetually ignorant of the fact Ryōga is head-over-heels for her.
    • Ranma to Akane. He seems ignorant of her feelings for him and ends up hurting her because of it.
  • Off Model: You can tell which Season 4, 5, and 6 episodes were outsourced to low-budget studios.
  • Old Master: Cologne and Happōsai, each of whom is 100+ years old (300+ years old in the anime) and can kick the asses of the rest of the cast combined.
  • Old-Fashioned Rowboat Date: Ukyō and male!Ranma go on a date involving row boats. Ryōga and Akane are also on a date, and fighting ensues.
  • One-Hour Work Week: Sōun Tendō's seat on the neighborhood council seems to give him an inordinate amount of free time (enough for a few training trips and playing Shogi all day with Genma), yet yields enough cash to pay the taxes and bills on his Big Fancy House and attached dojo, plus cost of Martial Artist induced repairs, support his daughters, and still fit in expensive family holidays to seaside inns or mountain villas. He does complain about the bills, but it's only been twice in the entire anime and manga that they've ever been a problem. Also, the Tendō Dojo doesn't appear to have any actual students.
  • One-Sided Arm-Wrestling: Ranma versus Akane, and Akane versus Ranma after she ate some magic noodles.
  • One of the Boys: Ukyō gets this treatment a lot.
  • One-Winged Angel: Subverted by Saffron's transformation, which only turns him into a more adult version of himself. Possibly played straight with Pantyhose Tarō's Monster Form.
  • The Only One Allowed to Defeat You: All of Ranma's recurring rivals to some extent, leading to plenty of Rivals Team Up situations.
  • Oracular Urchin: Miyo, a classmate of Akane's who appears in an anime Filler episode.
  • Orochi: A giant monster from Japanese mythology. Its Ranma incarnation is unique in that, rather than an eight-headed serpent, its eighth head is actually its body, with seven independent heads trailing behind it from their necks.
  • Out-of-Context Eavesdropping: In the "Tunnel of Lost Love" OVA episode, Ryōga teams up with Ukyō in another attempt to split Ramna and Akane. The plan backfires due to Ryōga repeatedly defending Akane from the spirits inside. Which causes Ukyō to become upset with him and leads Akane to misinterpret it as jealousy. This sets up the scene where Ryōga apologizes and is dragged off by Ukyō so they can speak in private. Akane then tells Ranma her suspicions about Ukyō's feelings for Ryōga, prompting them to follow and eavesdrop, in time to overhear the following exchange:
    Ryōga: (to Ukyō) "Please, I give you my word of honor!"
    Ukyō: (petulantly) "How can I trust you?"
    Ryōga: "We can start over, can't we? I'll never betray you again."
    Ukyō: "If only I could believe you were telling the truth..."
    *Ranma and Akane gasp in realization and sneak away*
    Akane: "I knew it! Ranma they're... THOSE TWO ARE IN LOVE!!"
    Ranma: (dramatically amidst fireworks display) "WELL WADDYA KNOW!?"
  • Overshadowed by Awesome: In the beginning, Akane and the Kunō siblings were hot stuff, already capable of superhuman feats. Then Ranma Saotome rolled into town, and Akane became a definite second-stringer, due to being completely unable to touch Ranma unless he let her. Kunō and his sister were still a credible threat... but then Ryōga Hibiki arrived... and then Shampoo showed up... and soon the original "best martial artists in Nerima" were at the bottom of the totem pole.
  • Overtook the Manga: this resulted in the anime needing a number of unique episodes, many created homebrew, a few actually extensions of manga Filler stories (such as the "Japanese Nanniichuan" story, which took up one or two chapters in the manga and three episodes in the anime).
  • Pair the Spares: Played with and postulated, but not actually done.
  • Panda-ing to the Audience: Genma's isn't above using the cuteness of his panda form to try avoid responsibilities. In the earlier arcs of the manga, he even had a tendency to appear out of nowhere and randomly save Ranma's from having people discover his curse. This is part of the Aborted Arc to keep Ranma's curse a secret.
  • Panty Thief: Happōsai
  • Paper Fan of Doom
  • Paper-Thin Disguise: All the time. Akane and Ranma seem to be the only ones able to see through it (poor, poor Ryōga...) although Sōun has a moment during the Hinako home-visit arc.
  • Parental Abandonment: Half-way done to Ranma by Genma, who takes him away from his mother before he can even walk. Genetically-induced in the case of Ryōga, whose parents' sense of direction is as bad as his; whenever he manages to get home, he finds out they've been absent for weeks. Ryōga himself lampshades this in the manga when he gets a call from his father while he's at home and confirms that it's been a year since they've actually seen each other, and says so in a casual manner to illustrate he's completely used to it.
  • Parody: The Mirror Copy arc is a huge parody of Kazuo Umezu's much more serious Scary Book 1: Reflections. It starts with narration speaking of a place called "the Mirror Mansion" for the enormous mirror governing the main hall —all of which is a word-for-word copy of the original story's Opening Narration. Even the interior decoration is almost the same (with the only difference that the original Mirror Mansion's mirror was placed on the main stairs' first landing, rather than the floor.) The original is also based on a young woman who was so enthralled with her own beauty, she'd spend countless hours before said mirror, until her reflection actually escaped, and its mischief across town made her life miserable.
  • Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame
  • Pay Evil unto Evil:
    • Only very occasionally as most of it is Kick the Son of a Bitch. Ranma himself tries to do this, usually directing his hate towards people who should be hated. But the keyword is tries.
    • When Ranma first meets people he is nice and doesn't insult them until after they have done something to upset him. This is shown many times in the manga. When he first came to the Tendō's he was polite and not insulting until after the Tendō's insulted him repeatedly. He was polite to both Ukyō and Ryōga (contrary to some peoples way of thinking Ranma would rather talk than fight), etc. If your polite to Ranma he'll be polite to you. He is always polite to Kasumi, even uses the -san honorific for her. He is even polite to Happōsai when Happōsai hasn't done anything to annoy Ranma for awhile.
  • The Peeping Tom: Nodoka, Ranma's mother, has a definition of "manliness" that includes a man must be a peeping tom.
  • Perfectly Arranged Marriage: Ranma & Akane.
  • Person of Mass Destruction: Phoenix King Saffron; Dragon Prince Herb; Battle Aura Happōsai; Asura Cursed Rouge; Ultimate Shi-Shi Hōkōdan Ryōga.
  • Photo Doodle Recognition: When Principal Kunō is introduced, he shows a large picture of his long-lost son who is shaved bald in the picture. Ranma promptly uses a paintbrush to paint hair on the head - confirming the son's identity as Tatewaki Kunō.
  • Playboy Bunny: This edges close to a Running Gag.
    • The first instance of Female Ranma wearing such an outfit was in her first battle against Mousse: trapped in female form, and already committed to a man-to-man duel, she dressed up in huge, baggy clothing to fool everyone into thinking she was male, and proceeded to entertain the crowd with simple magic tricks to humiliate the Hidden Weapons master. The coup de grâce was blowing up said clothing and coming out as a Playboy Bunny (just minus the ears) to infuriate Mousse even further, claiming that even "disguised" as a girl "he" would defeat him. It backfired spectacularly when Mousse systematically destroyed her clothing and left her naked as a jaybird.
    • The next instance is the use of the costume as a disguise (with a wig) during the okonomiyaki-selling competition against Tsubasa Kurenai. Justified in the manga, since the whole school knows about Ranma's curse, and thus she has to hide her identity to attract the boys (though she didn't need something so blatantly sexy, as Akane pointed out). Reconnected in the anime, where the curse is still a secret, to Ranma's deciding that she needs to play up her sex-appeal to match the kawaiiness of Tsubasa. An oversized suit of travel-worn boy's clothes doesn't really look good at the best of time, much less when it has to compete against a charmingly girly skirt.
    • An anime-only storyline has Akane actually forcing female Ranma into one of these and start flirting with random guys on the street, in order to try and drum up some students for the dojo. Akane promptly gets disgusted at Ranma's flirtations.
    • Female Ranma gets dressed this way again in a Hong Kong bar (and almost sold into slavery by Nabiki to pay her debts) in the Kinnosuke story arc of the manga.
    • Averted during a Single-Stroke Battle against Happōsai, who was trying to force Ranma in a Playboy Bunny outfit... but he settles instead on a Sailor Fuku (on the male Ranma!).
    • During the battle against the "un-sexy" kunōichi in the manga story arc introducing Konatsu, both Akane and Ukyō are kidnapped and forced into Playboy Bunny costumes.
    • Rumiko Takahashi is also fond of drawing Ranma and Akane in Playboy Bunny outfits for standalone artwork and chapter breaks.
  • Playing Card Motifs: The "Gambling King", a poker aficionado who resembles a king from a deck of playing cards.
  • Playing with Fire: Saffron, "a flamethrower without a safety valve".
  • Please Kill Me If It Satisfies You: Type 2 with Ranma to Ryōga during the Koi-Rod arc.
  • Poster-Gallery Bedroom: Tatewaki Kunō, with his giant posters of Akane and female Ranma, possibly to help him "meditate" and choose one of them. Kodachi follows his example with massive photos of male Ranma. Also, Mariko Konjo puts up a gigantic picture of Kunō in her bedroom, even kissing it goodnight, during her story arc.
  • Power Copying: Ranma can learn new martial arts techniques simply by watching others train at them, or even by having the techniques used against him.
  • Powered Armor: Do-chan the sentient Battle Dogi and Gosunkugi's mail-order Power Suit.
  • Power-Up Food: The legendary Super Strength Soba noodles confer herculean strength to whoever eats them. After Akane mistakenly ate Happōsai's, she was able to lift, toss, juggle, and split in half multi-ton, two-stories-tall iron bells. Unfortunately, they had the side-effect of sprouting whiskers on her face until she took the antidote.
  • Prayer Pose: Ranma assumes this pose during the koi rod of love storyline and occasionally at other times such as when he prays at his ancestors grave.
  • Professional Gambler: The Gambling King, who is actually a terrible gambler. It just happens that Ranma is worse.
  • Protagonist Title
  • Punch Clock Villain: Madame St. Paul is mainly an antagonist in the "Chardin" arc. In the anime the episode "Madame St. Paul's Cry for Help," she goes to Ranma and Akane for assistance because she believes something is wrong with Picolet.
  • Punny Name: In the original Japanese the names of the Joketsuzoku characters were Bilingual Bonus Punny Names — Shanpū, Koron and Mūsu had Chinese-sounding names that coincidentally sounded like the English words for hygiene products; similarly, the Musk Dynasty warriors Haabu, Raimu, and Minto, whose Theme Naming revolves around food ("herb", "lime", and "mint".) The English and Spanish translations play the pun straight by spelling out the English words.
  • Puppy-Dog Eyes: Happosai has been known to try this tactic. Seeing as how he's a Dirty Old Man, and usually using it to try to get a girl to let him grope her, it never works.
  • Qipao:
    • A standard part of Shampoo's wardrobe.
    • Girl Ranma sometimes wears one on Side-Story Bonus Art or if it's part of a plot which somehow involves a date.
  • Quivering Eyes
  • Radial Ass Kicking: Early on Akane had to do this to get to school.
  • Rain Aura
  • Rapid-Fire Fisticuffs: The Kachu Tenshin Amaguriken. It allows the trainee to pull this feat off. It was supposed to be training method use to increase the trainee's speed and precision. Ranma later transformed it into a NAMELESS technique against Ryōga.
  • Rapid Hair Growth: The title character once accidentally drank a special rice porridge made from a one-of-a-kind dragon's whisker. The porridge made him grow continuously excessive amounts of hair unless his hair was tied up from the dragon's whisker or when he his gender was changed.
  • Real Men Hate Sugar: Hardcore Martial-Artist Saotome Ranma is a subversion of this trope: he personally loves elaborate ice cream sundaes and parfaits but would not be caught dead saying so, much less going to restaurants and ordering them. Fortunately, he is able to turn into a cute girl. This allows him to openly and gleefully order chocolate sundaes with a cherry on top in public; heck he even uses the cuteness of his appearance to scam free ice cream cones off the young and impressionable clerks!
  • Real Men Wear Pink:
    • Ranma Saotome is skilled enough at cooking that his mother is impressed, at least passably skilled at sewing, good at tea ceremony and gymnastics, and seems to take pride in his ability to wind guys up by acting cute when in girl form.
    • This is more of a result of him spending most of his life on the road. He and his father had to know how to cook and sew just to get along. The teasing is just a variation of what Genma does. Instead of outright lying and stealing, he just manipulates people.
    • In a nearly literal interpretation of the trope, Ranma can make a pastel orange shirt and little red bowtie look kinda badass.
  • Red String of Fate: a literal one of these shows up in the anime, whereupon Shampoo promptly tries to use it on Ranma
  • Removing the Rival: Ranma's female half ties up and gags Akane at one point in order to steal her role in their school's production of Romeo and Juliet.
  • The Rival: Ryōga, primarily, but truckloads of guest-rivals filled out an awful lot of story arcs. Ukyō and Shampoo have this relationship in the anime. Although Ranma said that he/she considered Ryōga his/her only true rival in that battle mark story, in the databook Happōsai is Ranma's "archenemy".
  • Road Sign Reversal: Ranma and Genma travel back in time, switching the arrows pointing to Jusenkyō so their past selves will go the wrong way. Happōsai sabotages the attempt by reversing them again. It wouldn't have worked anyway, because the whole thing takes place inside Ranma's dream.
  • Roofless Renovation: This happens all the time to the Tendo home, usually caused by one of Ranma's martial artist rivals. The worst incident was caused when Rouge, a Chinese woman cursed to transform into an Asura, blew away half the roof with a fireball attack.
  • Running Gag:
    • Shampoo will always, without fail, hit or run over someone with her bicycle when she appears.
    • In the manga there are periodically signs in the foreground or background that read something to the effect of, "Please do not [do whatever the character in the panel is doing]", usually with bizarre specificity.
    • Whenever someone has an exaggerated monologue on an awkward situation, he/she has a high chance of using a microphone to declare it.
  • Ryu and Ken: Ranma is Ken to Ryōga's Ryu.

    S to Z 

  • Sacred First Kiss:
    • Ranma's first kiss is the occasion of great violence, as a self-absorbed playboy iceskater steals a kiss from girl-form Ranma. And when we say "violent", we mean 518 punches; by the time he's done, the skater in question is unconscious on his feet.
    • Akane's first kiss was also 'taken' in a similarly crazy fashion, as Ranma kissed her after sitting on her lap while under the influence of Cat Fu.
    • In another episode, to avoid it counting as a kiss, Ranma puts tape over Kunō's mouth. Later, Akane puts tape over Ranma's mouth.
    • This may be why Ranma is unable to bring himself to kiss Shampoo to get the Instant Nanniichuan in the relevant story (or at least the anime version, which does not have the two making their so-called "date" hell on each other).
  • Say My Name: "Ranmaaaaaaaaaaaa!"
  • Satire The manga cheerfully plays straight, deconstructs and skewers a lot Japanese character archetypes.
  • Scary Flashlight Face: During a Hot Springs Episode Nabiki did this as she told a ghost story to Ranma and her sisters.
  • The Scottish Trope: Happōsai, in Fanon, though Sōun and Genma have made jokes referring to similar superstitions.
  • Screw Yourself: The manga features a plotline where Ranma runs into magical female doppleganger who, upon discovering that Ranma is actually male, latches onto him like only a crazy Yandere could. In the end, she hooks up with a magical male Ranma doppleganger, and they become Sickeningly Sweethearts. And his female side Happōsai once separates from his body. She appears to be quite adamant about getting back together with Ranma. Although, surprisingly, she doesn't try anything naughty once she has him under her spell.
  • Selective Obliviousness: Just about everyone in the series at some point. Most notably: Kunō's apparent refusal to understand either that Ranma and "the pigtailed girl" are one and the same, or that neither "the pigtailed girl" nor Akane Tendō are at all attracted to him, seems to be one part this, one part massive ego; Also, Akane Tendō either remains unaware of Ryōga's attraction to her, no matter how obvious it turns, or immediately forgets it. She also tends to believe the worst of Ranma even when he doesn't deserve it, or in other cases, want to believe the best of characters when they don't deserve it, such as Nabiki, Shampoo, or in Ranma's case the battle-dougi story.
  • Sensitive Guy and Manly Man: Sōun and Genma, and to a lesser extent Ryōga & Ranma.
  • Second Love: Akane ending up falling in love with Ranma after getting over her first love, Dr. Tofū.
  • Seppuku: Genma promised Ranma's mother that he and Ranma would commit seppuku if he didn't raise Ranma to be "a man among men".
  • Shapeshifter Swansong: Copycat Ken's breakdown resembles this (anime only).
  • Shapeshifting Seducer: Kiima transforming into Akane and then instigating naked cuddling with Ranma in the final storyline.
  • Shatterpoint Tap: Ryōga Hibiki does this with his Bakusai Tenketsu technique. While going through the training for the technique both he and Ranma thought that it worked on everything, including human flesh, but it turned out to only work on rocks. However, surviving the Training from Hell required to learn the technique did have the benefit of rendering Ryōga Made of Iron.
  • Shipper on Deck:
  • Ship Tease: Takahashi has teased a wide variety of the ships found in the yard, even going so far as to tease a RivalShip (Ranma/Ryōga) during the Koi Rod of Love arc.
  • Shouldn't We Be in School Right Now?: Despite being shown attending school and having a few scenes set in school, they don't seem to be doing that much academic work. Ryōga appears to have dropped out in Jr. High to follow Ranma. Shampoo and Mousse are implied to be around the crew's age yet have never been shown going to school.
  • Shout-Out:
    • Viz Video's VHS and DVD releases often referenced movie titles, songs, or other pop culture elements. Such as Big Trouble In Nekonron, China, Nihao, My Concubine, Like Water for Ranma, Akane and Her Sisters, An Akane to Remember, One Flew Over the Kunō's Nest, and Faster, Kasumi! Kill! Kill!. And those are just the movie and OAV releases —the TV series had gems such as "Dharma Chameleon" and "Smells Like Evil Spirit". Then it got even worse. The Japanese episode and movie titles within those releases had straight-up translations, though.
    • The anime also has a number of Shout Outs to Urusei Yatsura; a couple of characters from the series can be spotted in blink-and-you'll-miss-it scenes — the two most notable are when Shampoo demonstrates Instant Nanniichuan, the dog turns into a replica of Ataru, and when Kunō does a flying dive onto a status of Cherry in the Wishing Sword episode, but they also show up in a couple of crowd-scenes. One anime filler episode has Kodachi show up in a scene that may be a reference to the first introduction of Ryoko Mendo. The anime's fourth opening reuses some animation from the first opening to the Urusei Yatsura anime.The below mentioned OVA also has Lum herself clearly show up as one of Ranma's many fawning concubines during Akane's first nightmare.
    • A single episode OVA that was released as part of the It's a Rumic World celebration for the anniversary of Shonen Sunday had multiple shoutouts to InuYasha. In one of Akane's dreams, a painting on the paper wall is clearly Sesshomaru's dog form. In another scene, Akane dreams that she's in a losing battle and you can clearly see Kagome, Inu Yasha, Shippo and Miroku as her fallen comrades. Later in the same dream, we see Kodachi with facial markings similar to those seen on Sesshomaru, his mother and other full blooded dog demons.
    • The manga has a blink-and-you'll-miss-it reference to Dokonjou Gaeru — a sickly little girl with a crush on Ranma, appearing in a single Valentine's Day filler chapter from the manga, calls her stuffed bunny "Pyonkichi."
    • Woolseyisms often do this as well. During the Romeo & Juliet story in the manga, Genma claims Romeo "is from the planet Krypton", whilst in an anime filler episode, Ranma suggests that Sōun and Genma are acting weird because "they've been replaced by pods".
  • Shrine to the Fallen: A typical Buddhist shrine to the memory of Mrs. Tendō is occasionally shown.
  • Sibling Team: The OAVs' Natsumi and Kurumi.
  • Signature Move:
    • Ranma's Hiryū Shōten Ha and Ryōga's Shi-Shi Hōkōdan are definitely iconic enough. More subtlely in the first moves they undergo Training from Hell to obtain. While not nearly as visual as the above two techniques, they are representative of their different focuses in combat, Speed vs. Toughness.
    • Ranma's Katchu Tenshin Amaguriken was a training excercise to make him MUCH faster (though he'll still call out the technique when he's just flat out trying to punch his enemies as fast as possible.
    • Ryōga's Breaking Point technique allows him to shatter rocks with just a touch. Repeatedly being at the epicenter of an exploding boulder (As well as constantly getting smashed by boulders while training) has rendered Ryōga Made of Iron, even by the standards of the other fighters in the show.
  • Sitting on the Roof
  • Single-Minded Twins: the anime has Ling-Ling and Lung-Lung, the manga has Pink and Link.
  • Slap-Slap-Kiss: Subverted — Ranma and Akane bicker constantly but never quite succeed at kissing, despite their obvious growing attraction to each other.
  • Sleeves Are for Wimps: Many of Ranma's Chinese outfits, and also Pantyhose Tarō and Ryū Kumon's entire look. Ranma readily wears heavy sleeved outfits when the weather is cold; he rolls them up often for fights (which happen often).
  • Small Annoying Creature: Happōsai.
  • Smashing Watermelons: Used as part of one of the early storylines. Tatewaki Kunō also turns this into a inverted form of Training from Hell.
  • Soap Opera Disease: Happōsai, in season 3. He gets better. Also Hinako Ninomiya had a case when she was a child (weak constitution, with an IV in her arm, which she can slip out of to go play with a random stranger). She gets better as well.
  • Social Services Does Not Exist: How Genma could pull off the Cat-fist training and not get jailed for child abuse is a wonder to everyone, in the show and out.
  • Spell My Name with an "S": "Tendō" vs. "Tendou" vs "Tendo". Repeat for any place, character, or special technique with an "oh" sound anywhere in their name. Fan Fic is split on the latter two, with both seeing a large amount of usage in stories.
    • It doesn't help that the video games and certain official materials with romanized names take it one step further and use spelling such as "Kunōh."
    • In a more specific example, the character officially romanized as "Rakkyosai" is often spelled "Lukkosai" due to early fan scripts and the character's own nickname, "Lucky." note 
    • Often also written as "Tendö" in Fan Fic by writers who do not know better, which is especially hard on the eyes for Fan Fic readers in countries which do use Umlaut characters, because there "ö" stands for a completely different sound than "oh".
    • Names with y-based diphthongs get hit with it the worst, especially as they combine with the "oh" sounds above, with some segments of the fandom spelling items like "Jusenkyō" or "Moko Takabisha" as "Jyusenkyou" or "Mouko Takabishya."
    • The Punny Names for the characters mentioned in that trope are also spelled in those approximations of Chinese in certain circles, whereas the majority (as well as official translations) go straight for the pun.
  • Spider-Sense: Most of the martial artists have this.
  • Stalker with a Crush:
    • Both of the Kunōs, and Mousse too.
    • Ryōga almost escapes this status, as he does have a good relationship with Akane as friends. The fact that he happily sleeps in Akanes bed in his pig form on a semi-regular basis pushes things right back into creepy territory. (Although it has been shown that he genuinely perceives it as stoically acting as a bodyguard.)
  • Status Quo Is God: No one ages, no one graduates, and Ranma and Akane's relationship develops at a positively glacial pace.
  • Stealth Hi/Bye: This is a tactic Ranma uses quite often in the manga, on many characters, for varying reasons. Most of the time he does it is just to see their reaction, though he has used it in battle as well. No character can consistently prevent Ranma from sneaking up on them, even Cologne.
  • Stewed Alive: Ryōga was captured by Genma and the tour guide while in pig form. For some reason, they decide the best way to cook him is to throw him into a pot of boiling water - while still alive. Fortunately for Ryōga, hot water turns him back into a human. "Oh, it is poor person! Now we cannot eat!" Cologne also once tries to cook Ryōga, with similar results.
  • Stopped Reading Too Soon: Genma read about "The Cat Fist Technique" and decided to teach it to Ranma. It required tying him up with fish sausage and locking him in a basement full of hungry cats. Genma didn't read the next page, which stated "Of course, anyone who does this is a complete lunatic who should have their head examined."
  • Stout Strength: Genma. He may be a fat, old, lazy part-time panda, but he's still able to go toe-to-toe with Ranma and often comes out on top. The Dojo Destroyer too, but that is more a case of an Informed Attribute (at least in the manga; the anime version is definitely portrayed as formidable).
  • Straw Hypocrite: Many of the ones inflicted with the curse want to be rid of it yet have no problem with the advantages.
  • Strip Poker: In order to defeat the infamous Gambling King, Ranma "trains" with Ukyô and Akane by playing Old Maid. By morning, he's down to his underwear and the girls own not only his clothes, but many, many IOUs for his services.
  • Sudden School Uniform: Principal Kunō introducing a mandatory hairstyle (or trying to) in addition to the existing uniforms.
  • Supernatural Martial Arts: Hard training will not only let you do Ki Attacks, but give you Super Strength, at the very least specific forms of Super Speed, make you Super Tough if not outright Nigh Invulnerable, massively amplify your recovery abilities and let you use even the most ridiculous things as lethal implements of destruction.
  • Super Speed:
    • While none of the characters travel at 'standard super speed', Ranma is capable of punching dozens, or even hundreds of times at such speeds that not even those attacked noticed. At least until they realize that they can't be hurting that much from one punch. Even before taking the speed-training from Cologne, Ranma was able to punch over 500 times in 5 seconds while being spun around at super high speeds.
    • When so inclined, the characters can actually run (or cycle, or row, or swim, or whatever) at greater-than-human speed, even if they don't quite hit the "run 100 miles in a second" pace typically associated with Super Speed.
  • Supporting Harem: It's pretty clear from the start who is going to be Ranma's love interest. While Shampoo and Ukyo get screen time here and there, Akane is on screen almost as much as Ranma is, and he actually lives in her house. She also gets his attention far more than the other girls.
  • Surprise Jump: A running gag results in Ranma clinging to the ceiling if he is scared enough.
  • Surrogate Soliloquy: Subverted — Akane talks to P-Chan, who's actually Ryōga. Ryōga, in turn, is often seen practicing his lines to Akane with an oddly-cute storefront doll shaped like an anthropomorphic frog in a sundress.
  • Swarm of Rats: Unleashed against the kidnapped girls in Nihao My Concubine, followed by a tide of cats chasing them just after Ranma has gotten all smug about girls being scared of small furry animals.
  • Sweetheart Sipping: Kunō and Girl-type Ranma (yeah, It's a Long Story). Also Girl-type Ranma and Harumaki (one part softheartedness to one part blackmail — the old lecher won't stop haunting her dreams unless she gives him a date). Come to think of it, doesn't it happen with Girl-type Ranma and Densuke too?
  • Sweet Polly Oliver: Ukyō, for all of one episode.
  • Sweet Tooth: Ranma takes advantage of his much-hated girl form at any opportunity to get ice cream in the anime.
  • Talking with Signs: Genma-Panda
  • Tame His Anger: Both Ranma Saotome and Ryōga Hibiki do this. Their anger was towards each other. By the end of the series they're pretty much the best of friends.
  • Taste the Rainbow: A martial art for every interest.
  • The Tease: Girl-Ranma, Nabiki and to a small extent Hinako.
  • Thanks for the Mammary: This may take some time...
    • When Ranma first comes to the Tendō Dōjō, Nabiki proves Ranma's (apparent) gender by first poking her/him in the breast, then rubbing it. She later emphasizes her point by grabbing her/his breast again. And, when it seemed Ranma's bust size had increased in a late manga story, she proved it by... you guessed it! Groping hir again.
    • During Tatewaki Kunō's introduction, he plunges into a pool alongside Ranma. His first hint that something was amiss is when he holds onto the latter and accidentally grabs her breast and squeezes.
    • An anime-only scene in the first season has Sōun try and break up a fight between Ranma and Genma, both in cursed form, by pushing them apart with a hand on each chest. He then promptly realises he's cupping Ranma's breast, and his daughters have seen him doing so. He tries to claim that it's Not What It Looks Like, and promptly catches a fist in the face from Ranma due to not letting go.
    • In another episode of the anime, male Ranma stands up, half-faints, and braces himself. On Akane's chest. As expected, a Megaton Punch follows.
    • Sometime in the late manga (and an anime OAV), Ranma has to confront a ki draining teacher, Miss Hinako, whose technique can only be sealed away by hitting three shiatsu points on her chest and two on her back. Not much of a problem when Miss Hinako is in the body of a eleven-year-old girl... a very big problem when she inevitably absorbs his Battle Aura as he's hitting the points, causing her to grow up into a tall and buxom woman, and he gets a handful of breast for all the school to misinterpret.
    • And, of course this is how Ranma discovers that Wholesome Crossdresser Ukyō is a girl.
  • Theme Naming: Every regular that is part of a group or family: The Tendōs, all Chinese characters, the Kunōs, the Saotomes...
  • Theme Tune Cameo: The studio would insert the first season's theme song for random music whenever they needed a generic song. The background music is used for Ling-ling & Lung-lung's hypnotic music tape, Yuka and Sayrui sing it karaoke style in one filler episode, and there's plenty of other times it shows up, sometimes as actual background music to what's happening on strings.
  • Those Two Guys: Hiroshi and Daisuke for Ranma and their Distaff Counterparts Yuka and Sayuri for Akane. These are filler characters in the anime. Lime and Mint and Koruma and Masara act like this towards their respective lords. In the anime, Nabiki gets two unnamed extras usually helping her run her gambling pools.
  • Through His Stomach: Over and over again. It gets to the point that even Akane realizes Ranma is more like to succumb to temptation by Through His Stomach instead of Show Some Leg. A Running Gag is that Akane constantly tries to invoke this trope despite being a Lethal Chef.
  • Thunder Equals Downpour: Often an implausible plot point, or subtle gag/Hand Wave for why Ranma is female when he'd clearly rather not be.
  • Thundering Herd: Used many times, most notably in the opening of the first movie.
  • Time to Unlock More True Potential: Which then involves Training from Hell.
  • Time Travel: The Nanban Mirror, only in the anime.
  • Title by Number: Ranma 1/2.
  • Tomboy: Akane; Ukyō. Ironically, Wholesome Crossdresser Ukyō is actually less of a Tomboy than the dress-wearing Akane. Ranma is also this, when female and not pretending to be a girly girl (usually for the sake of a disguise).
  • Took a Level in Badass:
    • It is never explained how Nodoka went from being hideously clumsy with a sword (such as accidentally flinging it at people while unsheathing it), which is very very bad for a kaishakunin, to handling it with skill perhaps equivalent to Tatewaki shortly before becoming a permanent member of the Tendō Dojo.
    • In the OAVs, Akane specifically trained to take back the Tendō Dojo from Natsume and Kurumi.
    • Inverted with Tatewake Kunō, who, upon his introduction, demonstrated enough martial prowess to slip through Ranma's guard and mark his neck and was portrayed as a possible serious rival, only to devolve into a gag character in subsequent appearances, and can only be seen as a badass again (or even as a threat at all) when facing regular humans or when augmented by hyper-specialized, albeit temporary, training.
  • Tone Shift: As mentioned above, something of a reverse Cerebus Syndrome; the series starts out comedic, but restrained, and with some semblance of an ongoing plot; over time it gets progressively wackier and more episodic, until past a certain point it almost feels like a different series compared to the early story arcs.
  • Tornado Move: Ranma's Hiryū Shōten Ha attack.
  • Tough Love: Poor Ranma. As above, how Genma "trains" his son using the 'Cat-fist' method.
  • Training from Hell:
    • This seems to be the only way any of the higher-grade special techniques can be learned. Also inverted in one storyline; training on Watermelon Island is Training from Hell... that's actually useless in battle. It's Training from Hell for the Smashing Watermelons game.
    • Sōun and Genma spent years with Happōsai, supposedly training. Of course, the training is implied (they are strong martial artists, Overshadowed by Awesome not withstanding), so only the hell part is shown.
    • A more silly example from Ukyō's dark and troubled past story - after Ranma left her behind, she spent seven years fighting the ocean to hone her techniques. It's immediately lampshaded by a pair of observers who caught the tale.
    Guy #1: "What kind of idiot would go through training like that?"
    Guy #2: "Dummy! Haven't you ever watched a samurai movie?"
  • Transformation Ray: Usually related to mystical water:
    • Jusenkyō. Drowning (non-fatally) in a spring or being splashed with water from it will curse you with transforming into whatever creature drowned there first. Powdered versions exist, but they're only good for one transformation. In addition, Prince Saffron needed pure water from Jusendo (the source of Jusenkyō) for his metamorphosis into the Phoenix King.
    • Japanese Nannichuan. Created by a traveling monk, underneath what is now Fuurinkan High's women's locker room, to transform a pack of mischievous foxes into men. The men then turned out to be even worse than the foxes...
    • Togenkyo. Anything that falls in the spring or is splashed with its water will be permanently transformed into a man.
  • Trap Is the Only Option: In an early chapter/episode, Gosunkugi/Sasuke (manga and anime respectively) finds out about Ranma's phobia of cats and decides to lure him into a cat-filled room to terrify him. He does this by sending Ranma a letter telling him to show up at a particular location if he ever wants to see Akane again...while Akane's standing right next to Ranma and reading the letter too. He then does a hilariously poor impersonation of being the kidnapped Akane (once again, while Akane's right next to Ranma) when Ranma shows up at the designated location. Ranma still goes along with it because he just wants to know what the hell this weirdo is up to.
  • Trash Talk: It's an integral part of Ranma's fighting style.
  • Trickster Mentor: Happōsai again. He really IS that annoying. Cologne also qualifies.
  • Trying to Catch Me Fighting Dirty: Ranma; Genma; Kodachi
  • Tsundere:
    • Going by the definition Akane becomes a Type A later in the story, since in the beginning she had no interest in Ranma (to say the least). Kasumi even lampshades the situation in-universe by saying, "she's actually a very sweet girl, she's just a violent maniac".
    • Ranma also counts. He even breaks out the time honored "I'm not doing it because I like you" line.
  • Tunnel King: Ryōga.
  • Unfazed Everyman: Nabiki.
  • Unholy Nuke: Ryōga's Shi-Shi Hōkōdan, which is fueled by negative feelings and highly destructive.
  • The Unwanted Harem:
    • The Trope Namer, both played straight and Deconstructed; Ranma's status as a Chick Magnet gives the Jerk with a Heart of Gold a fairly debilitating guilt trip. But though he's not enough of a cad to abuse the situation, it also soothes his manly Pride — badly battered by his Attractive Bent-Gender curse. And though all the girls involved adore him, they're also rather exasperated by his wishy-washy attitude. It should be no surprise that the end-of-series attempted marriage ended in a Blast Out.
    • Subverted during the Reversal Jewel arc when Shampoo, under the jewel's effect, attempts to leave the harem, Ranma rather insistently runs after her to get it back, at first because of her abrupt change of temperament than due to his ego rather than true feelings. Lampshaded by Cologne when she notes that he got so used to Shampoo chasing him, he had to find out why she stopped.
    • Taken Up to Eleven in Episode 4 of Season 2 where it's indicated (by way of Flash Back) there are at least two girls whose fathers Genma promised Ranma to long before he is even introduced to the rest of the cast. Ranma Lampshades this by asking 'How many more fiances do I have, anyway?' at the end of the episode.
    • Akane. Especially at the beginning of the series where every morning before school she has to fight her way past a bunch of guys who think that if they beat her then she has to go out with them.
  • Valley Girl: Mariko, like totally. Subverted in that she appears to be the strongest young female fighter in the series. Or at least she's the only one who can actually claim to have defeated Ranma, if mostly, or entirely, through surprise —and in one hit, no less.
  • Vanity Is Feminine: Ranma takes insults to his female form's attractiveness much harder than he does to his male counterpart. One specific installment had Ranma insult Akane on her looks, which naturally put her into a temper. Kasumi confronted him afterward and said he had to apologize, because even if she was tomboyish, "...she's still a girl."
  • Walking the Earth: Ryōga, though rarely on purpose; Ryū Kumon, since he's looking for the counterpart technique to his own; Ranma and Genma prior to the manga.
  • Weak, but Skilled: Specifically, characters such as Happōsai, Saffron, the Orochi, Herb, Pantyhose Tarō, Ryōga and Ryū are explicitly displayed to have considerably greater raw offensive power than himself. Ranma tends to find some way to either win or obtain his objective by a combinations of strategy (all of them), cheap shots (Happōsai, Herb), exploiting specific weak spots, luck (Saffron/Happōsai/Herb), speed, and through judicious use of the Saotome Ultimate Technique (Run away and come up with a better plan). Ranma is usually untrained at whatever Martial Arts and Crafts of the week he is challenged at, but his genuine aptitude for anything Martial Arts usually lets him/her triumph.
  • Weaksauce Weakness: Ranma's ailurophobia; Rouge's back pain due to having six arms; any Jusenkyō-cursed martial artist and water.
  • Wealthy Yacht Owner: Kunō in the second movie. He kicks it off by inviting Akane and Ranma-chan on a voyage with him. T He rest of the cast promptly invite themselves along.
  • Weirdness Censor: Both Tatewaki and Kodachi Kunō are oblivious to the fact that male and female Ranma are the same person... despite the fact that's he's transformed in front of them!
  • What Song Was This Again?: Viz Video's song subtitles, as well as dubbed versions of DoCo's OAV songs, were "translated" to fit the melody and the rough spirit of the original lyrics. Fans came to label these "Trishliterations" after Viz Media's Trish Ledoux.
  • When She Smiles: Ranma's opinion of Akane.
  • When the Clock Strikes Twelve: Used twice: first, during the Curse of the New Year's Bell arc, where the Mao Molin's curse would have turned Shampoo permanently into a cat unless kissed before the 108th toll of a bell. Then, when Akane was reduced to a dehydrated doll by the magic of the Kinjakan, Ranma had to bathe her in Jusenkyō water before her eyes closed completely, or else she would die.
  • Where It All Began: The final arc of the manga revolves around returning to Jusenkyō to save it. The readers finally get to see Akane at Jusenkyō, and fall in a spring.
  • Wholesome Crossdresser: Ukyō; Konatsu. In a filler, Tsubasa.
  • Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?: Ranma's fear of cats and water. While falling into a pool in an episode he screams, "Why does it always have to be water?!"
  • Wife Husbandry: Inverted in a flashback where Genma offers Ranma to this fate in exchange for some food.
  • Willfully Weak: It is common for the characters to limit themselves be it to the rules of the particular style, not using every ability to their fullest extent, trying to not injure/kill their opponent, not caring enough to bother with it, etc. Special mention goes to Genma though since he came up with, and then chose not to use, the Umisen-ken and Yamasen-ken techniques, and almost never uses his battle-aura. Ryū Kumon supposedly promised to not use the "school of the violent thief" after his duel with Ranma, and Ranma himself never again used the counterpart school either, although in that case, beyond being a counter to Yamasen-ken, all that it really provides is extreme ninja stealth and master thievery.
  • With My Hands Tied:
    • Ranma actually does a lot of things with his toes in the manga, one chapter had him hanging from a rope with his arms bound by the aforementioned rope while going up against the Principal, using his toes to maneuver himself and kicking.
    • Kodachi tried to hinder Ranma's agility by shackling her to Akane's pet piglet P-chan. It backfired spectacularly since it provided Ranma with a piggy-shaped flail.
      • She might have assumed Ranma wouldn't want to hurt the cute innocent widdle pig. "Pig is VALID weapon...." Cue the squealing....
    • Near the end of the manga, Ranma's hands and arms were held in place and encased in nigh-indestructible crystal, product of Saffron's metamorphosis. He was still able to fight almost to his full abilities, even wielding the spear-like Gekkaja with his toes and cut a giant Phoenix statue's neck in half that way.
    • Ryōga, under the "Mark of the Battling God", become invincible, but get also an embrassing mark and need to be defeated to remove the mark from his body. In order to make things easier for Ranma, Ryōga has blindfolded himself along with tying his hands together and placing large weights to his ankles. But he fail and still easily knocks Ranma into the ceiling.
  • The Worf Effect:
    • Done most often to Ranma himself, as most of the (anime) Villain of the Week characters wind up proving their cred by kicking Ranma's ass. Mousse and Ryōga get this treatment during the Herb arc, as both are effortless beat by Mint and Lime respectively to build hype on Herb... who proceeds to Worf the crap out of Ranma just to prove this is serious opponent.
    • Ryōga also occasionally gets his ass kicked, but generally much less often then Ranma does and usually to help highlight that this is an unusually potent opponent.
  • Wouldn't Hit a Girl:
    • Ryōga has no problem hitting Ranma's girl side... unless a wig and glasses disguise is involved (though that's only while he's unaware of Ranma's real identity).
    • Averted with Ranma himself as he showed no qualms about wanting to hit Cologne during her debut. There was also the fight with Kodachi where he himself was on the line (and she did hit Kodachi using P-chan as a weapon). In the anime, they actually could touch her on occasion, but either they used grabs (which she could break out of, due to being much stronger than them) or she blocked them with her bookbag. That was only in the first season, though, and no other Mooks would ever be able to touch her afterwards.
  • Wowing Cthulhu:
    • During the Herb Arc. Ryōga momentarily gets killed by Lime. He enters the afterlife where he meeting his deceased grandparents, who convince him to return. His spirit then returns to his body where he unleashes the most powerful Ki Attack ever shown in the series which crushes Lime. Herb, who's borderlines on being a Physical God, watches from a distance and is utterly impressed.
    • During the Saffron Arc, Ranma manages to twice wow Physical God Saffron, the immortal leader of the Phoenix people. First by mastering the Kinjakan, which was previously believed only Saffron could successfully wield. A second time after Ranma manages to survive Saffron's Entire Empire Instant Annihilation Shot which no mortal should survive, by freezing himself with the Gekkaja.
  • Yandere: Most of the girls get accused of this by different fan groups.
    • While under the influence of the Fishing Rod of Love, Ranma becomes a terrifying Yandere towards Ryōga. Hilarity Ensues.
    • Kodachi and Shampoo are the only ones who have been flat out shown as very willing to kill anyone in the way, although Shampoo isn't crazy, but rather really really into expediency. (Even scarier)
    • To point out how insane Ranma got, he deliberately triggered his curse for him and told Ryōga she'd gladly let him kill her if it would make him happy. Oh, and he also attacked Akane when the latter interrupted, which finally prompted Ryōga to step through his fears and doubt to defeat Ranma cleanly, for perhaps the only time in the manga. Notable because Ranma never got his win back from that.
  • You ALL Share My Story: Ryōga very prominently; many others as well throughout the series.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair: Both Akane (black with blue highlights) and Shampoo (lavender/violet) in the anime. And as an Adaptation Dye-Job, female Ranma's bright red hair. note 
  • You Have Got to Be Kidding Me!: The phrase "Joudan ja nai wa yo!" literally means this, and Akane says this more times than one can count throughout the anime. Usually with maximum rage in her voice.
  • You Know What You Did: Akane gets lured into this a lot.
  • You No Take Candle: Shampoo and the Jusenkyō guide. While this is supposed to illustrate Chinese language in Japanese, the odd thing is they are the only Chinese people who speak like that; Cologne, Mousse, Pantyhose Tarō etc. all speak properly.

"Oh-No, Honored Customer, you fall in spring of Drowned Troper, is too, too, tragic tale of person too busy editing articles to look where going, now you turn into person unable to turn off computer..."

Alternative Title(s): Ranma One Half

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Manga/RanmaOneHalf?from=Main.RanmaOneHalf