[[quoteright:300:[[Literature/FuManchu http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/fumanchu.jpg]]]]

The Yellow Peril is an "oriental" criminal and/or political mastermind, a character originating in the xenophobic days of the late 19th century, but popular ever since.

As an expression of the "mysterious East" gone wrong, this villain traditionally had, or seemed to have, mystical powers. Often he had a beautiful daughter, who either [[MadScientistsBeautifulDaughter turned from her evil ways to work with the good guys]], or [[DaddysLittleVillain was herself]] [[DragonLady a scheming villain]], at least as bad as he, in her own right. He would likely know [[AllAsiansKnowMartialArts some form of martial arts]], and sometimes speak in a [[AsianSpeekeeEngrish thick and oddly-pronounced dialect]]. In other cases, the Yellow Peril may be an [[HordesFromTheEast evil horde making up in raw numbers what they lack in power,]] since China is the most populous country in the world.

The "mysterious Chinaman" grew to be such a cliché in mystery stories of the early twentieth century that, in 1929 [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Knox Ronald Knox]], included in his "[[FairplayWhodunnit Ten Commandments]]" the rule that [[ItMakesSenseInContext "No Chinaman must figure in the story."]]. Early story attempts to counter the connotations of such a villain often had an Asian hero included who is dedicated to stopping the villain like Jimmy Woo in the ''Yellow Claw'' stories in the 1950s while Fu Manchu was opposed by his son, ShangChi the Master of Kung Fu in the 1970s.

In what was presumably an attempt to avert the racism inherent in this trope, several 80s and 90s {{Animated Adaptation}}s of properties with Yellow Peril villains colored them ''green''. Mandarin in the ''WesternAnimation/IronMan'' cartoon, Dr No in ''WesternAnimation/JamesBondJr'' and Ming the Merciless in both ''WesternAnimation/DefendersOfTheEarth'' and the 1996 ''WesternAnimation/{{Flash Gordon|1996}}'' series, are examples of this.

One may think this was now a DiscreditedTrope, but in fact it is alive and well, although the ''individual'' "yellow" villain is often replaced by [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs Triads]], {{Yakuza}}, [[RedChina Chinese]] [[RedScare Communism]], or sinister "Asian" businessmen.

In the UK, this trope drew inspiration from the Opium Wars, the Boxer Rebellion, and Chinese immigration. Across the pond in the US, this trope also drew inspiration from Chinese immigration--specifically, the mass migration of thousands of {{Chinese laborer}}s in the 1800s. This large movement led many Americans to mistakenly think of Chinese people (and by extension, [[InterchangeableAsianCultures all Asians]]) as mysterious and expansionist. The fact that the workers weren't allowed to integrate with whites and often couldn't speak English didn't help matters. It [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII later turned out]] [[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar that it]] was ''Japan'' that was expansionist--China was in no shape for world domination at that point--but hindsight is 20/20. (Of course, in response to the new threat of UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan, the media promptly switched this trope around and started portraying "the Japs" as the new YellowPeril, only to [[RedChina switch back to China]] during TheFifties.)

See also: InscrutableOriental, DragonLady, JapanTakesOverTheWorld, ChinaTakesOverTheWorld, and another product of these stereotypes, MightyWhiteyAndMellowYellow. For the WebComic of the same name, see ''WebComic/YellowPeril''.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Prince Ko-Fan Shiemarr from ''Manga/TheFiveStarStories'', despite being a character in a SpaceOpera manga set ALongTimeAgoInAGalaxyFarFarAway is designed to mimic the aesthetic of Yellow Peril characters in western works. He is a bit of a subversion, though, since rather than being an out & out villain, he's more of a PsychoForHire who works for the nominal protagonist.
** ...who is ''himself'' a very Japanese-flavored PhysicalGod of WellIntentionedExtremist.
* Chao Lingshen, the first major BigBad from ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' is the smarter of the two stereotypical Chinese students in Negi's class. Completely subverted when [[spoiler: it is revealed that Chao's ambitions are actually to bring about a better future, causing the entire cast to question whether they should stop her or join her.]]
** Also, she is technically [[spoiler: Martian]], not Chinese.
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'' includes a reversal of this in Shogo Amakusa, a mysterious westerner who used his mystical Christian powers to heal people and fight.

* Discussed in a German political cabaret sketch. It was way back when the right wing coined the term "red-green peril" in analogy to "yellow peril", and the left wing fired back (freely translated excerpt, to be mentally read in "breathless" style):
-->"The reds turn all trafficlights to red!"
-->"To stop traffic!"
-->"The greens turn all trafficlights to green!"
-->"To destroy traffic!"
-->"They compromise...on yellow!"
-->"Thereby, the red-green peril has turned into a yellow peril!"
-->"Chinese General Secretary Dennnnnnnng Xiao Pinnnnnnnng..."

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Creator/AlanMoore's comic series ''ComicBook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' concluded with a war between "The Doctor", who is clearly meant to be FuManchu[[note]]but is never named, as that character is still under copyright[[/note]], and [[Franchise/SherlockHolmes Professor James Moriarty]]. It also reflected the times by having a lot of dialogue and depictions of London's chinatown in ways that [[DeliberateValuesDissonance we would consider massively racist now]].
* The Mandarin, from ''ComicBook/IronMan'', though more recent writers have dropped the Fu Manchu-esque traits, making him more like to [[{{Franchise/Batman}} Ra's Al Ghul]].
** The 90s TV series tried to avert this by revealing that he was Caucasian before he got exposed to the power rings and his appearance changed. To ''green.''
** The later ''WesternAnimation/IronManArmoredAdventures'' animated series also largely averts this with its portrayal of the two characters who use the Mandarin identity- Shin Zhang is treated as a fairly typical criminal mastermind whose Asian-ness is incidental to his evil, while his stepson Gene Khan is both a major AntiVillain and, while he certainly takes pride in his heritage from China in general and his family line in particular, he's otherwise very modern and western in his mannerisms and outlook.
** The Mandarin is played by Creator/BenKingsley (who is half-white and half-Indian) in ''Film/IronMan3''. Purportedly, a non-Chinese actor was deliberately cast due to the film receiving [[BannedInChina funding and cooperation from Chinese backers]]. And in the movie itself, [[spoiler: it turns out he was a deliberate invocation of this trope -- the Mandarin is actually an actor and a DecoyLeader to disguise the real BigBad, who is both American and Caucasian, and people bought the story since he fit with the archetype of an anti-American terrorist. ''All Hail the King'' reveals the real Mandarin is still out there, but we've no idea what he looks like yet]].
* There was a villain named "Yellow Peri" in both the Superboy [[ComicBook/{{Superman}} comic book]] and TV show, but she had nothing to do with the trope other than the name pun. (A "peri" is a type of Persian fairy, and "The Red Peri" was a space pirate in a 1935 Stanley G. Weinbaum story.)
* The ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'' story ''The Blue Lotus'' averts this: the portrayal of China is famously sympathetic and accurate. The Japanese invaders come across as evil and petty imperialists, but, well, they sort of ''were''. Coming from a Belgian, this is something of a case of grey and black morality, not that Hergé was your typical Belgian colonial. The UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar, in which at least 10 million Chinese civilians died at the hands of the Japanese Army, was undoubtedly the darkest moral hour of the Japanese people.
** Averted permanently for the rest of the series. There's a non-caricatured Japanese detective in "The Crab with the Golden Claws" and the locals in "Tintin in Tibet" are all normal folks.
** That was largely because Herge befriended Zhang Chongren, a Chinese student who came to Brussels to study art and architecture. Zhang was his consultant about China, and was the reason why Herge become sympathetic to the Chinese during the war and caricatured the Japanese invaders so heavily. When the war ended, there was basically no reason to draw these caricatures anymore, so Japan just became another nation to portray accurately. Ironically, while his first editor, a conservative Catholic abbot, was ''encouraging'' Herge to be racist, it was another abbot who urged him to be more sensitive and introduced him and Zhang to each other.
* In the ''[[Franchise/{{Batman}} Legends of the Dark Knight]]'' story ''Tao'', Batman encounters a number of Chinese villains, as well as a Chinese Mentor. The villains include a wicked old wizard, H'sien Tan, his student, Dragon, who acts as TheDragon to his master as well as the BigBad later, and looks just like the "Little Dragon", Bruce Lee. Most stereotypical of all is the boss of Gotham's Chinese underworld, Johnny Khan (Khan isn't even a Chinese name!). Khan isn't just a 'Yellow Peril' stereotype, he's Fu Manchu. And not just any Fu Manchu. He's clearly recognisable as Christopher Lee ''dressed'' as Fu Manchu.
* The [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] comic book supervillain The Claw took this trope about as far as it could possibly go. He was a gigantic yellow dragon-like EvilOverlord with a horde of "oriental" minions and could do anything, up to and including standing in the middle of the ocean and creating a gigantic whirlpool to change the Earth's climate. During his five-issue battle with the Golden Age Daredevil (at a time when multi-part stories were unheard of), he {{brainwashed}} the US President and then took over the country himself with an army of criminals.
** In fact, [[ImperialJapan any Japanese villain (if not any character)]] in wartime Golden Age comics.
** ''ComicBook/ProjectSuperpowers'' tried to avert this with their modern version of the Claw, which was a giant EldritchAbomination made out of hundreds of human bodies.
* The somewhat similar Yellow Claw in modern Marvel comics continuity (originally from 1956) still exists; however, the old coloring is lampshaded with a remark in the ''ComicBook/OfficialHandbookOfTheMarvelUniverse Deluxe Edition'' that "The Yellow Claw has a pale yellow skin color quite unlike the skin tones of other Orientals." It's also counterbalanced by the fact that his archenemy, FBI agent Jimmy Woo, is a typical [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] action hero who happens to be Chinese-American. This makes Woo one of Marvel's earliest heroes of color.
** The "yellow peril" aspects of the Yellow Claw are {{Lampshaded}} and subverted in the ''ComicBook/AgentsOfAtlas'' miniseries, which brings both the Yellow Claw and Jimmy Woo into the modern era. It should be noted that by the mini's end, the Yellow Claw is about as dead as anyone in comics can be.
** There was actually an ''Iron Man'' storyline in the 80's where Yellow Claw fought the Mandarin in an epic clash of yellow peril stereotypes! Specifically, Yellow Claw representing the pre-wwII stereoptype of Asians as devious and inscrutable, and The Mandarin representing the post wwII stereotype of Asians as reckless bloodthirsty barbarians.
** Later Fu Manchu himself was a major supporting character in the 1970s series, ''Shang Chi: Master of Kung Fu'', where the title character, Fu Manchu's son, fights against his father's villainy.
* A few particularly [[http://superdickery.com/index.php?view=article&catid=34%3Asuffering-sappho-index&id=544%3Amore-egg-fu&option=com_content&Itemid=24 cracked]] out [[http://superdickery.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=34%3Asuffering-sappho-index&id=525%3Athe-fury-of-egg-fu&Itemid=24 issues]] of ''ComicBook/WonderWoman'' and ''The ComicBook/MetalMen'' had "Egg Fu", a gigantic yellow ''egg'' with stereotypical Oriental features and a "mustache tlap." (Well, "trap", but, [[JapaneseRanguage you know]].) John Byrne later tried to retinker him as a supercomputer from Apokolips (and one that was deemed culturally insensitive ''within the story''), but Creator/GrantMorrison making him one of the Great Ten (a Chinese superhero team also created by Grant Morrison), still an overly-intelligent yellow egghead named Chang Tzu, brought back the UnfortunateImplications.
** That said, this was an experiment in seeing if even the most ridiculous character could be RescuedFromTheScrappyHeap. And in that vein, it was partially successful, giving Chang Tzu a less silly name and a somewhat dignified design.
*** In the ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'' comic book, he turns out to be an EldritchAbomination named Y'ggphu-Soggoth.
* Played with in Creator/MarkMillar and J. G. Jones's comics miniseries ''ComicBook/{{Wanted}}'', where the prerequisite Fu Manchu knockoff, who secretly rules all of Asia, is actually pretty [[AffablyEvil affable]] as far as megalomaniacal supervillains go.
* Memnan Saa from the ''ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}'' universe (the ''ComicBook/{{BPRD}}'' and ''Lobster Johnson'' comics). Though as it turns out, his origins predate China, and stretch back to the ancient Hyperborean civilization of the North Pole. Not only that, but the reason he resembles the classic British actor dressed in ridiculous Oriental robes look is because [[spoiler:he's actually a Victorian-era British occultist named Martin Gilfryd.]]
* Doctor Tzin-Tzin is a Fu Manchu-inspired Asian-looking (but actually a MightyWhitey American raised by Chinese bandits) crime lord who battles Franchise/{{Batman}} several times.
* Hark in ''ComicBook/{{Planetary}}'' is a clear Fu Manchu analogue, but ended up [[HeelFaceTurn working for the side of good]], alongside various pulp hero {{Expy}}s. His beautiful daughter is Anna Hark, a [[CorruptCorporateExecutive ruthless businesswoman]] who's a bit of a DragonLady but undergoes her own HeelFaceTurn.
* The first of Edgar P. Jacobs' ''ComicBook/BlakeAndMortimer'' stories, ''Secret of the Swordfish'', pits the heroes against the world-conquering, Asian-supremacist [[TheEmpire "Yellow Empire"]] (in the original french-language version, the Empire was specifically and explicitely... ''Tibet''). However, the trope is subverted, as the [[TheHeavy primary villain]] in the story is the Caucasian Colonel Olrik and the BigBad, Emperor Basam Damdu, is less mysterious Oriental, and more Hitler-esque, megalomaniac madman.
* ComicBook/RasAlGhul is explicitly modeled after this character type, essentially being a more Arabic-themed Fu Manchu with all of the trappings (beautiful daughter infatuated with the hero, vast criminal empire, supernatural elements). His creator, Denny O'Neil, commented that his face is meant to be an unidentifiable mixture of facial features so that he is neither Asian nor Arab (of course considering his tribe came from China he technically is Asian). He also has green or blue eyes (depending on the continuity) and in media tends to be [[RaceLift portrayed by white European actors]] (Creator/LiamNeeson, David Warner).
* Leif Lama in the Swedish comic ''James Hund'', an AffectionateParody of action-adventure stories. He is the EvilTwin Brother of the Dalai Lama; like him he is supposedly reincarnated through the centuries, but leads the Dhubbist sect "which preaches violence and materialism". Leif is one of the leaders of [[TheOmniscientCouncilOfVagueness Evil, Inc.]], and his thieving followers apparently created a Mount Everest-sized heap of stolen goods in Tibet - as well as partially powering modern (Western) consumerist society (they keep stealing our useless crap, so we buy more useless crap, for which {{Corrupt Corporate Executive}}s pay a fee to Leif).
* During Creator/JossWhedon's run on the series, the ComicBook/{{Runaways}} ended up in early 20th century New York. While there, team leader Nico Minoru learned that her ancestor was a Yellow Peril-type sorceress, although instead of running her own criminal empire, she was forced to do the bidding of a vaguely racist forerunner to the Avengers.
* Chin-Kee from ''ComicBook/AmericanBornChinese'' is an embodiment of every negative Asian stereotype, all of which are employed for satirical purposes.
* In [[DependingOnTheArtist some issues]] of ''ComicBook/TalesOfTheJedi'', Aleema and Satal Keto are depicted this way--there's no Asia in Star Wars, but they are drawn with Asian facial characteristics and sometimes even have lemon-yellow skin, evoking this trope. (Granted, the latter may be due to those issues' very weird coloring issues.)
* The first album of ''De Avonturen van detective Van Zwam'', ''Het geheim van Matsuoka'', is all about a Japanese enterpreneur that creates a company that serves beer to people that turns them mad. Subverted because ''Marc Sleen'', the creator of the comic, thought that ''Matsuoka'' was the name of the Japanese minister of foreign affairs during UsefulNotes/WorldWar2 .
* Starting in 1989, Creator/{{Atari}} ran ''Atarian'' magazine, which, alongside game reviews, previews and interviews, printed the ''[[http://pixelpompeii.blogspot.ca/2015/07/atari-super-hero.html Adventures of Atari]]'', superheroic champion of the company. In the pages of his comic, Atari would thwart the plans of a Fu Manchu-style mastermind, a Japanese caricature with slit eyes and buck teeth named "Ninja-Endo", to ruin Atari Corp's foothold in the video game market. Unsurprisingly, these comics were published after Creator/{{Nintendo}} brought the {{UsefulNotes/N|intendoEntertainmentSystem}}ES nationwide in the United States (having first sold it in specific cities) and quickly overtook American companies like Atari in video game sales. Also unsurprisingly, ''Atarian'' only lasted three issues.
* The Creator/{{Wildstorm}} comic ''The American Way'' has a 1960s United States defended by the Civil Defense Corps, a team of heroes. An advertising whiz brought on to help discovers the CDC is actually a massive fraud; half the team have no real powers and all their super-hero "fights" and "alien invasions" are staged for public morale. One fight is set up with the Red Terror, a supposed Communist agitator who's actually an American cast simply because he's of Chinese descent. However, in the middle of the fight, CDC hero Old Glory dies of a heart attack and Red Terror becomes paranoid the public will blame him for it as he played the role of the evil villain too well.

* The affable, polite Japanese neighbor in ''Film/TheCheat'' (1915) turns out to be a sexual predator who tries to rape the heroine.
* The evil Mongol Shiwan Khan in ''Film/TheShadow'' movie is a magical overlord who claims to be the last direct descendant of Genghis Khan--a bit of an unlikely story given just how many descendants Genghis Khan supposedly has.
* ''Film/TheMaskOfFuManchu'' (1932) with Boris Karloff playing the titular character is probably one of the most racist films of all times.
* Parodied in ''Film/TheKentuckyFriedMovie'' with Dr. Klahn.
* Dr. Tito Daka from the 1943 ''Film/TheBatman'' serial blows ''far'' past UnfortunateImplications; the narrator actually refers to him as "the sinister Jap, Dr. Daka" and speaks glowingly of when "a wise government rounded up the shifty-eyed Japs" of Gotham City's Little Tokyo.
* ''Film/BatmanBegins'' changes Ra's al Ghul from his comic book portrayal. Some of the Yellow Peril aspects are played more straight this time (his headquarters are in China this time, and Ra's is Chinese or Japanese) while others are messed with (he and his followers lack supernatural powers, but use tricks to make enemies think they do, and [[spoiler:he's actually a Caucasian with an Asian decoy)]].
* Dr. Yen Lo the sinister brainwasher in the 1962 film ''Film/TheManchurianCandidate''.
* Mr. Han from ''Film/EnterTheDragon'' would exemplify this trope, right down to his "daughters", but the hero opposing him is played by Creator/BruceLee!
* ''Film/{{Grindhouse}}'' had Franchise/FuManchu in the RealTrailerFakeMovie [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQifXaOboMU Werewolf Women Of The SS]]... [[spoiler: played by [[SugarWiki/FunnyMoments Nicolas Cage]]!]]
* ''Film/BlackRain'' plays the trope completely straight, with a sinister Japanese conspiracy to flood the USA with "perfect" forged banknotes, although the mastermind is portrayed fairly sympathetically and reveals his motivation for the plot is revenge on the US, having survived Hiroshima as a child, while the main villain is a young AxCrazy TheStarscream whose actions are blamed on him having become too Westernized.
* Kabai Sengh, leader of the Sengh Brotherhood in ''Film/{{The Phantom|1996}}''. (The name was modified for the film to make it sound more Asian; in the comics it's Singh, which is Punjabi.) He is played by Creator/CaryHiroyukiTagawa, who was the go-to guy for Asian supervillains back during the 1980s and 1990s (he played Shang Tsung in the ''Film/MortalKombat'' movie, for example).
* ''Film/RedDawn2012'' has ''North Korea'' invading the United States. (It was the Soviet Union, with Cuban shock troops, in the 1984 original.)
* ''Film/BattleBeneathTheEarth'' (1967). The Chinese military is tunnelling under the Pacific so they can plant atomic bombs under US cities. A ''slight'' amount of subtlety was added to this by making the BigBad a renegade general who'd already set up nukes under Beijing.
* Used in ''Film/RisingSun'' because JapanTakesOverTheWorld. Sean Connery's character constantly talks about how Japanese culture makes them more efficient and productive, but the plot also portrays Japanese businessmen as shadowy, corrupt and decadent.
* Indiana Jones briefly faces off against Chinese mobster Lao Che and his cronies in ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom''. Not ''particularly'' stereotypical (they speak near-perfect English), although all [[LargeHam rather hammy]].
* The not-particularly-nice Chinese pirate Sao Feng, as played by Chow Yun-Fat, in ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanAtWorldsEnd''.
* The Dragon Emperor as played by Jet Li in ''Film/TheMummyTombOfTheDragonEmperor''. The sorceress Zi Yuan does help the heroes, though.
* Although it had the chance to go this route, ''Film/TheBitterTeaOfGeneralYen'' soundly averts this trope. General Yen can be cruel, but he's drawn as a complex character with complex emotions.
* The Blaxploitation spoof ''Film/BlackDynamite'' has The Fiendish Dr. Wu. His name actually '''is''' Fiendish Dr. Wu, and Dynamite refers to him like that every time he is mentioned. Considering how he [[spoiler: takes out the entire squad, leaving Dynamite as the sole-survivor, and has created a drug that shrinks people's "johnsons"]], he certainly lives up to his name.
* In ''Film/TheFastAndTheFurious'', the main antagonists are an Asian biker gang even though there aren't really any infamous Asian biker gangs in real life. In addition, the Asian bikers are the only Asians in the film and are violent and unsympathetic. However, the last 3 Fast and Furious movies have been directed Justin Lin, who is Taiwanese-American. (He is set to direct the 6th one as well).
* In ''Film/SnakesOnAPlane'' the main antagonist is a brutal Asian gangster who beats a prosecutor to death with a baseball bat in the beginning of the movie. However, there is another Asian character in the film, a kickboxer, and he is portrayed as selfless and brave.
* Doctor Who ([[NamesTheSame no]] [[Series/DoctorWho relation]]) from ''Film/KingKongEscapes'' would be a classic Yellow Peril villain, except that, since this movie was made in Japan, he's just ordinary peril (being sort of Bond-villain-ish), with no particular xenophobia attached.
* ''Film/IronMan3'' both averts this and cleverly [[spoiler:exploits]] this. The Mandarin is an WickedCultured DiabolicalMastermind, played by the British-Indian actor BenKingsley, who does follow some classical Chinese philosophy. [[spoiler:Except he's not. Kingsley's character is a washed-up actor named Trevor Slattery who is being paid by Dr. Aldrich Killian (Guy Pearce - a white dude) to be the front for his operations in exchange for a cushy life]].
** Things seem to have [[AuthorsSavingThrow changed]] as of ''All Hail The King''. [[spoiler:Both Killian (who died at the end of ''Iron Man 3'') and Trevor Slattery were using a guise founded by the ''real'' Mandarin, who is less than pleased with what they have done with his name. His race is left unclear, as he is only mentioned and no actor has been announced to play him, but it's likely that he may be Chinese or Mongolian.]]


* Franchise/FuManchu, of the original short story and novel series by Sax Rohmer and their many, many adaptations, is perhaps the classic example. From the same source, Fah Lo Suee embodies the "beautiful-but-at-least-as-evil-as-he" version of the evil mastermind's daughter. Though he is not the first example of Yellow Peril caricatures of Asians, his cultural influence makes him the TropeCodifier.
* Creator/HPLovecraft seemed to genuinely believe that some day in the future the Chinese would take over the world. This worked its way into the Franchise/CthulhuMythos in his story "He," where a man travels into the future and sees New York filled with scary Asian people. His opus "The Shadow Out of Time" also briefly mentions "the cruel empire of Tsan-Chan, which is to come in 5,000 A.D."
* Robert W. Chambers, who was a major influence on Lovecraft, had a similar (though far less over-the-top) fear of the mysterious East in his short story "The Maker of Moons", which involved an evil Chinese criminal getting involved in an illegal American alchemy ring. He had a [[MadScientistsBeautifulDaughter Beautiful Daughter]] who was good, but she was adopted and white.
* The villains in the 1928 pulp novel ''Armageddon 2419 A.D'' are the Han Airlords, an Asian empire that conquers the world in 2109. It takes a [[ComicStrip/BuckRogers 20th century transplant]] to turn the tide.
* Shiwan Khan, ''Radio/TheShadow''. This is somewhat subverted (at least in TheMovie) by making him properly Mongolian instead of Chinese. (There are Chinese who have Genghis among their ancestors, even if they may prefer not to.)
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein's ''Literature/SixthColumn'' depicts heroic white Americans fighting back against sinister (and themselves racist) "Pan-Asian" (A Chinese/Japanese alliance) invaders, with [[AppliedPhlebotinum race-specific weapons]]. The invasion had targeted Chinese or Japanese Americans from the start; one surviving Chinese American was an integral part of the counter-attack by joining the scientists and helping them test their weapons. Heinlein usually made an effort to be non-racist, but when working with another's writings when you want to not anger them (as Heinlein did with Creator/JohnWCampbell's ''All'', the original story from which ''Sixth Column'' was modified) there's only so much a writer can do.
* One of the recurring {{Diabolical Mastermind}}s of the Belgian book series ''Literature/BobMorane'' is Mr. Ming, a tall, mysterious, [[BaldOfEvil bald]] Mongolian. He was also known by the not-very-subtle moniker of "L'ombre Jaune" or "The Yellow Shadow".
* Doctor Julius No in the Franchise/JamesBond book and movie ''Dr. No''. Ian Fleming admitted that Dr. No was inspired in part by Fu Manchu. Despite this, No's half-Chinese national origin has little to do with his actions.
* Creator/MichaelCrichton's ''Literature/RisingSun'' runs with a "the Japanese are different from us, so their investment is a threat" version.
* Creator/TomClancy's ''[[Literature/JackRyan Debt of Honor]]'' keeps pretty close to the standard version, with a Chinese/Japanese conspiracy as the BigBad, and Raizo Yamata in the "sinister yellow mastermind" role. Clancy pursued the "Chinese threat" theme in other novels: ''Executive Orders'', ''SSN'',[[note]]a {{novelization}} of the game of the same name[[/note]] ''The Bear and the Dragon'', and ''Threat Vector''
* Lord Hong from ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'', although an ambiguous version of this trope (his plans to conquer the West, i.e. Ankh-Morpork, are depicted as hopelessly naive).
* Several of Creator/CliveCussler's ''Literature/DirkPittAdventures'' books have examples of this:
** ''Medusa'' has as its BigBad a sinister Chinese [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs conspiracy]] scheming to unleash a global plague.
** The sinister Japanese businessman Hideki Suma from ''Dragon''.
** Min Koryo, the head of Korean shipping cartel in ''Deep Six''.
* The Fiendish Doctor Po from the Creator/BerniceSummerfield novel ''Ship of Fools'' -- a fictional character in that world [[spoiler: (until somebody programs an AI to be him)]] and [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] as a ridiculous anachronism to boot.
* David Wingrove's ''Literature/ChungKuo'' series of sci-fi novels averts this. The founder of the system actually saved mankind from extinction, but it became corrupted over time, so that dissenters of all ethnicities work together to overthrow the regime.
** In the reboots, perhaps in light of [[SocietyMarchesOn changes in international relations]], it's...less averted.
* {{Cyberpunk}} literature of the 80s and early 90s just considered [[JapanTakesOverTheWorld Japanese economic domination of the world]] inevitable, even extending to non-cyberpunk and even comedic SF like ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartII''. And then the bottom fell out of the Japanese banking system, which has never quite recovered.
* Ah Ling in the Literature/SallyLockhart novels is half-Dutch, and ''looks'' Caucasian, but is otherwise a fairly standard example of the trope.
* Explicitly averted in the original Literature/CharlieChan novels by Earl Derr Biggers, in which the author set out to create an Asian character on the right side of the law for a change. How accurate they are is open to question, but at least some respect for the Chinese and their culture is shown, though when films were made based on the books, [[{{Yellowface}} Chan was portrayed by a white actor]].
* Played very straight in [[Series/{{Wallander}} Henning Mankell's]] novel ''The Man From Beijing''. Evil Chinese mastermind? Check. Sinister Chinese conspiracy to take over the world (well Africa anyway)? Check. Subtle Chinese murder techniques? Check.
* Even the typically politically-correct Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse gets in on this with Prince Xizor and his [[TheSyndicate crime syndicate]], Black Sun. Besides being a blatant Chinese/Manchurian stereotype ''and'' a [[TheReptilians reptilian]] (he looks like [[http://www.paralada.org/Estonia_self/Estonia_images/SWgeek/Xizor_img/Prince_Xizor.jpg this]]), he's a scheming, inscrutable sort, and the logo of Black Sun is suspiciously similar to the flag of the Republic of China.
* Literature/SisterhoodSeries by Literature/FernMichaels: Oh yes, this series, particularly the book ''Vendetta'', happily went into this trope! That book even had the ladies take evil John Chai and disguise him as Fu Manchu! In other books of the series, Harry Wong gets little respect from a number of Americans, simply because he is Asian.
* ''The Yellow Invasion'' trilogy, a political thriller written in 1905 by Emile Driant, depicts the surprise attack of Europe by gigantic Sino-Japanese armies led by a highly intelligent and fanatically anti-Western officer, Yukinaga.
* Creator/GeneStrattonPorter's ''[[http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/904 Her Father's Daughter]]''. All right, there's also some love stories and a heroine who loves nature, but its main point is to be a screed against the Yellow Peril.
-->''People have talked about the 'yellow peril' till it's got to be a meaningless phrase. Somebody must wake up to the realization that it's the deadliest peril that ever has menaced white civilization. Why shouldn't you have your hand in such wonderful work?"\\
"Linda," said the boy breathlessly, "do you realize that you have been saying 'we'? Can you help me? Will you help me?"\\
"No," said Linda, "I didn't realize that I had said 'we.' I didn't mean two people, just you and me. I meant all the white boys and girls of the high school and the city and the state and the whole world. If we are going to combat the 'yellow peril' we must combine against it. We have got to curb our appetites and train our brains and enlarge our hearts till we are something bigger and finer and numerically greater than this yellow peril. We can't take it and pick it up and push it into the sea. We are not Germans and we are not Turks. I never wanted anything in all this world worse than I want to see you graduate ahead of Oka Sayye. And then I want to see the white boys and girls of Canada and of England and of Norway and Sweden and Australia, and of the whole world doing exactly what I am recommending that you do in your class and what I am doing personally in my own. I have had Japs in my classes ever since I have been in school, but Father always told me to study them, to play the game fairly, but to BEAT them in some way, in some fair way, to beat them at the game they are undertaking."''
* A subversion is related in one of Nightingale's anecdotes from ''[[Literature/RiversOfLondon Moon Over Soho]]'', of how Folly police in 1911 went to bust someone they ''thought'' was a Chinese crime-lord and sorcerer. Turned out that, while he was indeed involved in white slavery, an offense often attributed to old-time Yellow Peril villains, he was also a white Canadian invoking this trope to throw off the cops.
* DimeNovel hero Literature/NickCarter had a few of these:Sang Tu and The Yellow Tong, The Hip Ling Secret Society, the Yellow Spider (A Chinese crime boss in San Francisco), etc.
** Literature/NickCarter also subverted the trope with his relationship with the heroic Japanese detective Ten-Ichi. Further departing from the trope, Ten-Ichi marries June Lamartaine, a French woman, in Nick Carter Weekly #460 (21 October 1905);that kind of intermarriage was quite rare in 1905, both in fiction and in real life.
* ''Film/NoEscape'': The film initially plays up the exoticness of the setting, but later on all (and only) Asian characters become a threat to Jack Dwyer and his family.


[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheWildWildWest'' episode "The Night the Dragon Screamed" subverts this: the episode starts as a [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs rival-tongs]] plot, but halfway through the main villain is revealed as a renegade Englishman hoping to manipulate the Chinese throne.
* Many episodes of ''Series/KungFu'', though the hero was a [[{{Yellowface}} Chinese man played by a white American actor]].
* The Hood from ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'', with mind-control powers. His brother Kyrano and niece Tin-Tin were both on the good guy's staff. Kyrano was a servant. Tin-Tin has degrees in [[InformedAbility Engineering and Mathematics]] - she's the [[MadScientistsBeautifulDaughter Mad Scientist's Beautiful Niece]]
* ''Series/GetSmart'', as a spoof of secret-agent fiction has a couple of examples:
** Dr. Yes, an over the top parody of Film/DrNo.
** The Claw (pronounced "craw" in an example of AsianSpeekeeEngrish humour).
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' has never played this absolutely straight, but three individual stories have shown elements of it:
** The ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial "The Talons of Weng-Chiang" features numerous {{Mooks}} in the employ of Chinese Tongs, including peasant-turned-magician Li Hsien Chang, but the ultimate villain is [[spoiler: a time-traveller from the 51st century named Magnus Greel. This doesn't really help, though, as most of the Chinese characters are portrayed as fanatical, bloodthirsty thugs falling over themselves to kill and die for anyone who impresses them with a bit of whizz-bang. And the only one who gets a HeelRealisation is played by a white guy in make-up]].
** Mavic Chen in "The Daleks' Master Plan" has a Chinese-sounding last name, stereotypical East Asian facial features created by sticking makeup on a white person, and even a sort of Fu Manchu-ish moustache. Since it's black-and-white, some fan recolours attempt to rescue this by colouring him pale blue, making him into an alien. The official intention was for him to look [[InTheFutureHumansWillBeOneRace vaguely multiracial as he was from the future]].
** The Celestial Toymaker from "The Celestial Toymaker" dresses in stereotypical Mandarin clothes, possibly playing on how the word 'celestial' is an old-fashioned British mild slur for Chinese culture. There's no accent, and no yellowface beyond a bit of makeup to make his eyebrows stereotypically straight and sharp.
* Klingons in the original series of ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' give every indication of being descended from this model. Before their retrofit for the movie era, Klingons were usually portrayed as a bunch of clever, deceitful criminals, played by white guys in vaguely "eastern" make-up, complete with Fu Manchu moustaches.
* The Steve Coogan series ''Series/DrTerriblesHouseOfHorrible'' parodied this with Hang Man Chan, [[OverlyLongName Sinister Bony-Fingered Menace of the East and Would-be Emperor Of The Free World]], and his daughter Woo-Woo.
* The Dragonman (Joey Forman, who also played CharlieChan {{Expy}} "Harry Hoo" on ''Series/GetSmart'') in ''TheMonkees''' episode, "Monkee Chow Mein."
* The bizarre Saturday morning chimpanzee-acted parody of spy parody ''Series/GetSmart'', ''Series/LancelotLinkSecretChimp'', featured both "Wang Fu" and the (*[[LampshadeHanging ahem]]*) "[[DragonLady Dragon Woman]]."
* Chinese communist agent Wo Fat from ''Series/HawaiiFiveO''. He appears in the [[Series/HawaiiFive0 reboot]] too, but a criminal rather than a spy.
* The second ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' episode "[[Recap/SherlockS01E02TheBlindBanker The Blind Banker]]" is an old-fashioned Yellow Peril story that smacks viewers in the face with every Chinese stereotype ever portrayed in television.
* The ''Series/{{Monk}}'' episode "Mr. Monk gets Cabin Fever" has Monk going into witness protection after witnessing a killing by an Asian gang member. The twist near the end reveals that EVERY Asian person that appears in the episode was working for the Asian gangster and was involved in a plot to kill Monk.
* Creator/{{Nickelodeon}}'s ''Series/TheThundermans'' features a semi-recurring character named Mrs. Wong whose sole characterization is to be a light personification of this trope. This from a TV show that's ''brand new for the 2013-2014 television season''.
* The Chinese crime lord Soo Choy in ''Series/TheNewAvengers'' episode "Trap", who wears traditional Chinese robes and a Mandarin cap and generally comes across as a poor man's Fu Manchu. Not helped by being played by a Caucasian in obvious YellowFace.
* ''Series/{{Daredevil2015}}'' had some in the first season. The Second season was full of it. They have been called out, but it looks like the Hand aren't going anywhere right now.
* ''Series/SeaQuestDSV'' has the Chaodai, a Southeast Asian maritime nation that is starting to show its teeth to UEO. In their first (and [[LeftHanging only]]) appearance, their sub-fighters (who utilize a BrainComputerInterface) easily outmaneuver and kill a long-time secondary character, proving their technological superiority. Supposedly, the Chaodai were planned to be the next BigBad alongside Macronesia.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* Ming the Merciless from the 1934 ''ComicStrip/FlashGordon'' comic strip was written and drawn as Fu Manchu {{IN SPACE}}, right down to the scheming daughter. (He's not named "Ming" by accident.) The [[Film/FlashGordonSerial early serials]] and [[WesternAnimation/FlashGordon1979 Filmation animated version]] continued this portrayal. The [[Film/FlashGordon1980 1980 movie]] cast Creator/MaxVonSydow, a Swedish actor, in the role, and the [[Series/FlashGordon2007 2007 TV series]] dropped 'the Merciless' from his name and turned him into a blond guy.
* In the early years of ''ComicStrip/BuckRogers'', the title character fought "Red Mongols" who had invaded and conquered the USA.
* ''ComicBook/LosMiserables'' frequently portrays the Chinese as a constant peril to the nearly nonexistent finances of the Godinez family, in one example after a story arc learning everything about People Smuggling to the U.S. they decide to start a business of this, only to discover that the Chinese already beat them to it and their fees are so much lower, they drive them out of business ''before'' even starting. In another example, the kid, Bimbilique, gets annoyed with a competing Chinese boy who gets up very early and performs several tricks on his same street corner, gathering all the coins from passerbys and leaving nothing for him, so he gangs up with other kids, beats him and drives him away.
* Ruthlessly averted in the ''ComicStrip/RupertBear'' comic strips and books with the Chinese girl Tiger Lily and her father The Conjurer, who are both polite, friendly and helpful and in some stories are even crucial to solving the current problem. Ironically the strip is run by the ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers Daily Express]]''. And that's no joke.
* Before achieving international fame with his children's books, Creator/DrSeuss wrote [[WartimeCartoon political cartoons]] for the now-defunct left-wing magazine ''PM'' during the first half of World War II. Although Seuss's views were generally quite progressive, especially for the era, he tended to paint the Japanese in an extremely negative light, implying that Japanese-Americans were a secret army just waiting for the signal to rise up against America (note that these cartoons were made before the Pearl Harbor attacks). He would later come to regard these cartoons as an OldShame, and expressed guilt over them later in life.

* Played for laughs with the recurring villain TheMaster in ''Radio/TheNavyLark''.
* Also with Dr. Chu-en Ginsberg, M. A. (failed), from ''Radio/RoundTheHorne''.
* And before that in a number of ''Radio/TheGoonShow'' episodes, e. g. "China Story" and the one where Fred Fu Manchu, the world's leading bamboo saxophone player, explodes all non-bamboo saxophones.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Warlord Kang, head of the Iron Dragon railroad in ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}''.
* The Ubiquitous Dragon of ''TabletopGame/{{Adventure}}!''. His worldview is the result of his being raised by a Chinese warlord, who sought to corrupt him as a form of revenge on the Dragon's deceased father, a man of honor.
* Subverted in the revised Sons of Ether Tradition book for ''TabletopGame/MageTheAscension''. Fang Qinbao is one of a group of globetrotting archaeologist-mages. He assumes the persona of "The Insidious Doctor Fang" as a way of dissuading interlopers - his 'death-traps' are, in reality, a way of neutralizing his enemies without killing them, letting him and his friends escape. (Oddly, playing the part seems to make his enemies behave like they're in the pulps themselves - getting caught in Fang's traps, or wasting their time against Fang's followers.)
* Most of the Coordinators and Chancellors of the Draconis Combine and the Capellan Confederation, respectively, in ''TabletopGame/{{BattleTech}}''. They technically fall under GreyAndGreyMorality ([[http://www.sarna.net/wiki/Jinjiro_Kurita with a few exceptions]]), but they're generally a darker shade of grey.
** To be more specific, during the Eighties and Nineties, when Japan was seen as an economic threat to the US and China was (''still'') recovering from the worst excesses of communism, the Combine (Japan) was portrayed as being powerful and evil, whilst the Confederation (China) was portrayed as incompetent. After that, the Combine became less hostile to the erstwhile good guys (but see GrayAndGrayMorality again), whilst the Confederation suddenly became a lot more competent and threatening.
** Then again, since ''none'' of the factions in BattleTech are outright "good guys," the Combine and Confederation can just as easily be seen as sympathetic, defending themselves from aggressive and (especially in the Capellan Confederation's case) larger enemies. There are also any number of Asian characters staunchly in the "good guy" camp, such as Justin Xiang Allard and his son, Kai Allard-Liao. On a meta level, BattleTech started off taking its cues from any number of Anime Mecha series, so has a vested interest in not portraying its Asian factions as wholly evil.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Chairman Shen-Ji Yang of ''VideoGame/SidMeiersAlphaCentauri'' is a Yellow Peril [[RecycledInSpace on an alien planet]]. He is one of the most sinister of the faction leaders (though some of the others are no slouches themselves), and regards his entire population as nothing more than a grand social experiment. Doesn't help that his faction is one of the most powerful in the game...
** Of course, factions in the game are based on ideology rather than racial makeup. The Hive are likely to be just as ethnically diverse as any other faction.
* In ''VideoGame/EvilGenius'', one of the {{Diabolical Mastermind}}s the player can choose to play is Shen Yu, who looks like FuManchu and was formerly a triple agent spying on both [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs The Triads]] and the local HeroesRUs for each other. Now, he seeks to TakeOverTheWorld for himself.
* In reference to this, ''VideoGame/HeartsOfIron'' has both Imperial Japan and Nationalist China (biggest/most dangerous Chinese faction) don different shades of yellow as their faction colours.
* In this [[http://www.teamfortress.com/loosecanon/05.html update page]] for ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'', the Spy's predecessor is portrayed as the yellow peril.
** Debateable as the characters aren't mentioned by name and they all appear to be working as mercenaries for higher powers.
* [[http://dcanimated.wikia.com/wiki/Sin_Tzu Sin Tzu]], from ''VideoGame/BatmanRiseOfSinTzu''.
* Marshall Kai from ''VideoGame/IndianaJonesAndTheEmperorsTomb''. Indy's love interest and Marshall Kai's assistant Mei Ying is not villainous though. [[spoiler: At least not until she is posessed by the demon Kong Tien and becomes a boss you have to fight.]]
* Yakuza ''Kumicho'' (boss) Shogo Takamoto in ''VideoGame/TombRaiderLegend''. And scores of Yakuza mooks. Lara does get a Japanese friend who helps her find Takamoto, in the form of media mogul Nishimura.
* Wang, leader of the sinister Shai-Gen Corporation in ''VideoGame/{{Crackdown}}''.
* Richard Wong from ''VideoGame/PsychicForce''. Class S evil Chinese man who controls time and manipulates the NOA group under [[DarkMessiah Keith Evans]] to eventually take over the world for his plaything as a God. Predictably, he breaks out from NOA.
* MortalKombat
** Shang Tsung.
** Any villain played by Creator/CaryHiroyukiTagawa will have this flavor.
** Kano was originally supposed to be a Japanese crime boss. However, in ''Film/MortalKombat'', [[NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent he was played by Trevor Goddard]], and the developers liked it so much that later games retconned him to being an ''Australian'' crime boss.
* VideoGame/{{Homefront}} '''is this trope''' turned UpToEleven, a gritty, frightening portrayal of [[ChinaTakesOverTheWorld Korea takes over the world]]. [[BannedInChina You have exactly three guesses as to the fate of the game in many Asian countries, and the first two don't count]].

* The ''Webcomic/SluggyFreelance'' villain Dr. Nofun is a {{parody}} of this.
* Webcomic/CaseyAndAndy parodied World War II newspaper comic depiction of the Japanese adversaries in comics encouraging the public to buy war bonds to fight the "The Japoteer."

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the WhateleyUniverse, the Chinese supervillain Iron Dragon, who has been trying to overthrow America, Europe, and Russia for decades, is essentially an {{Expy}} of Fu Manchu, right down to the moustache. His daughter, Silver Serpent, is now attending the [[SuperHeroSchool Whateley Academy]] and is a member of the Bad Seeds clique (to be admitted, one or more of your parents must be a supervillain).

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Peking Duck, a minor villain in ''WesternAnimation/TheTwistedTalesOfFelixTheCat'' is basically a G-rated variant of this. He's named after a Beijing duck recipe and dresses rather exotically, and he has two sumo wrestlers as henchmen. Not to mention his feathers are literally colored yellow.
* ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest'' LIVED on this trope, Dr. Zin, Dr. Ashida, General Fong, Chu Sing Ling...
** Dr. Zin also appears as the villain in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooMysteryIncorporated''.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' episode "The China Probrem", the eternally racist Cartman sees the Bejing Olympic ceremonies as China's way of showing how large, dedicated and disciplined they are, construing it as a subtle military threat. In the end, the only threat is Butters's shaky aim. Earlier in "Chinpokomon," ''South Park'' had already parodied this trope by portraying ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' of all things (well, a BlandNameProduct version of ''Pokémon'', but whatever) as an UsefulNotes/{{Imperial Japan}}ese indoctrination tool.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers''
** Jonas Venture tries to disguise himself as a Yellow Peril villain, calling himself Dr. Fanadragon and claiming to hail from "Japananawa." Another villain starts to comment on how Dr. Fanadragon is muddling a number of Asian nations and is obviously a tall white man.
** AffablyEvil (emphasis on "affable") Dr. Zhi, a parody of Dr. Zin from ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest''.
* The ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' WartimeCartoon "Tokio Jokio" features some very inaccurate caricatures of Hideki Tojo and Isoroku Yamamoto.
* So does the ''ComicStrip/{{Popeye}}'' WartimeCartoon "You're a Sap, Mr. Jap" with the Imperial Japanese Navy.
* InspectorGadget nemesis Dr. Claw tried to team up with a Yellow Peril villain on two separate occasions. First the "Great Samurai Waruda" who hailed from Japan, then later the nefarious Mr. Chow from Hong Kong.
* The Siamese cats from ''Disney/LadyAndTheTramp'' and ''Disney/TheAristocats''.
* ''WesternAnimation/RobotBoy'' featured the evil if short-statured Dr. Kamikazi and his hapless sumo sidekick Constantine, though they were deliberately overdone.
* Subverted in ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures''. The omnipresent evil Chinese sorcerer Daolon Wong is ''strongly'' reminiscent of Fu Manchu in all but facial hair, but then virtually all of the heroes are Asian too.
* Long Feng from ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' fits the trope to a T, but similar to the above example, [[MonochromeCasting every character in the series is either Asian or Inuit, including the heroes]]. Tarrlok from ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'' has all of the characteristics, except that he's from [[EskimoLand the Water Tribe]].
** And it gets worse in the Second Season. An actual War Propaganda movie has Tarrlok 2.0, er, Unalaq, portrayed as your typical Fu Manchu Ming the Merciless villain. In a universe where all the characters are basically shades of Asian and Inuit, they portray the villain as the Yellow Peril...
* Episode "Last Horizons" of ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin'' has Baloo encountering "Panda-La" a land of Asian stereotypical Panda bears who are secretly planning to invade Cape Suzette. The episode was so heavily criticized because of its depiction of Asians that was taken out of syndication.