[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/written_by_the_winners.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:"On this battleground in 1886, 300 Native Americans lost their lives, and 4 brave Americans lost their hats". Oh, those poor hats!]]

->''"If you win, you need not have to explain.\\
If you lose, you should not be there to explain!"''
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler''' [[note]]who, sure enough, wasn't "[[TemptingFate there to explain]]" at the end of the war.[[/note]]

%% One quote is enough. The rest go to the Quotes tab.

When the official history of the setting is overwritten by the ones in power and their PropagandaMachine. As such the real heroes and good guys are given HistoricalVillainUpgrade, the bad guys build a CultOfPersonality around their actions and all the bad sides of the past is submitted to a RoseTintedNarrative.

In RealLife and actual history, it is certainly true that historical accounts can be subject to the personal bias of the writer and readers have to be wary of them, which is what the saying warns us about. However, applying the saying in such a simplistic manner can potentially be as reductive, misleading, and more importantly just as binary as "the winners' narrative". To say that history is written by the winners ''should'' mean that we should treat both the winners and losers fairly and not present a one-sided view. Academic historians would qualify this by stating that our knowledge about our past, certain figures and events, is based only on a few sources and furthermore, our understanding of history is never static and unchanging. [[ZigZaggedTrope History is, in truth, written and rewritten by all sorts of people with different agendas]]. [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historiography Historiography]] is a separate discipline that actually studies and keeps track of how people's opinions about the past and certain events change throughout history. The reason for those changes is that people who win in one era, would lose in the other and their conquerors will be as generous to the defeated as they were to their defeated. Likewise, "winners" and "losers" mean a variety of things. In the military-political sense, ''losers'' at times do end up writing history; since they've often been deprived of actual power after their defeat, they often spend their time [[StillFightingTheCivilWar sulking and writing about how things would have been so much better had they won]] - just ask [[ThoseWackyNazis a Neo-Nazi]] or [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_Cause_of_the_Confederacy a Confederate apologist]]. The "real" actual and potential losers in this situation would be in the racial-economical sense, (African-Americans, Jews, LGBT and other minorities).

Also worth pointing out that not every "winner" is going to be slick and sly about their crimes, simply because they don't view them as crimes. Many of history's "winners" will be surprisingly honest about atrocities or even write proudly of how they brutally crushed their opponents, because it would serve their self-interest and their careerist aspirations. For example, Caesar wrote of his borderline genocide of the Gauls in his personal memoirs, and historians doubt that account and other Roman accounts only because they feel Caesar is exaggerating, not only his actions but also those of his enemies, since Romans always did like painting its wars as "defensive" and their victories as underdog triumphs, so historians are skeptical about the moments when Romans invoke WorthyOpponent on their enemies as well. It likewise appealed to the vanity and pride of an Empire to preserve trophies and symbols of their conquest of foreign peoples, after all if the winner is writing a history, they would need losers to make themselves and their achievements look special. You can't be a King without a Kingdom and a People to rule over, so in every work of propaganda there are, for lack of a better term, FreudianSlip and other bits and moments that actually do allow the multitude to peep over the shoulder of their rulers. It's also worth pointing out the most obvious fact that even people ''on the same side'' [[AlternativeCharacterInterpretation will often disagree wildly on events and motivations]].

This is also connected with GreyAndGrayMorality and MoralityKitchenSink in that picking one side of the story over the other in this context does not necessarily make it correct. After all, YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters.

A prime belief of every ConspiracyTheorist. Sub-trope of MightMakesRight. Supertrope of InternalRetcon and PopCulturalOsmosis and HollywoodHistory. Contrast YouCannotKillAnIdea.

!! Example Subpages:
[[index]]
* [[RealLife/WrittenByTheWinners Real Life]]
[[/index]]

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* The motto of BigBad Makoto Shishio in ''Manga/RurouniKenshin''.
* In ''LightNovel/ScrappedPrincess'', Earth was conquered by [[spoiler:the aliens]] who then rewrote history, presenting the heroes of LaResistance and LesCollaborateurs as evil and good gods, respectively.
* In ''Manga/OnePiece'', this is more or less the case with the Void Century, though it's less "written" and more "entirely ignored". The World Government absolutely forbids any research into the century immediately prior to their founding. They will murder anyone and raze entire islands to keep that secret. The only record of that time is found on indestructible tablets called Poneglyphs, written in a dead language that only one living person knows how to read. Others could before, and the government had them systematically killed.
** This trope is an explicit belief held by Donquixote Doflamingo, who says that whoever wins the war between the World Government and Whitebeard will be the ones to define what "Justice" means. [[spoiler:Considering that Doflamingo is one of the descendants of the "winners," this is not surprising in the least.]]
* ''Manga/SaintSeiya'' - Cancer Deathmask subscribes to this theory, but was in the wrong side of the conflict. [[spoiler:However, in the Hades arc, he could've been subscribing to this and just been smart for once.]]
* One of the tools that ''Manga/TwentiethCenturyBoys''' [[BigBad Friend]] uses to win over all of Japan [[spoiler:and, later, the rest of the world]]. It's so much easier to be a VillainWithGoodPublicity when the public at large is convinced that ''you'' saved the world [[strike:instead of]] from that RagtagBunchOfMisfits.
* In ''Manga/DeathNote'', Light tells the Task Force that if Kira wins, he's justice, if he loses, evil. [[spoiler:He loses.]]
* ''Manhua/RavagesOfTime'' so literally ''runs'' on this trope that in chapter 209, a historian employed by Prime Minister Cao Cao discusses with an old friend named Chen Gong how the historian is going to demonize the prior Prime Minister to make the current one look better.
--> '''Chen Gong''': That's what happens after a dynasty change. In order to justify the rule, the enemy would have to take all the blame. Historians are but tools for propaganda.
* The backstory of the former LaResistance in the anime of ''Manga/RideBack'', which becomes a global military, is only vaguely [[CrapsaccharineWorld discussed to the mostly-cheerful populace]], but there is clearly some betrayal that forms the antagonism between former teammates.
* In ''Manga/PandoraHearts'', it turns out that the most detailed records of [[CataclysmBackstory the Tragedy of Sablier]] were written by [[PosthumousCharacter Arthur Barma,]] [[spoiler:who was manipulated by [[EvilAllAlong Jack]] [[UnreliableExpositor Vessalius]]. ''Jack'' was the one who tried to throw the former capital into [[EldritchLocation the Abyss]], killed [[SilentScapegoat Glen Baskerville]] and put all the blame on him. As a result, the Baskervilles and their allies were treated like criminals for a century.]]
* In ''LightNovel/{{Campione}}'', Athena used to be Queen of the Gods, as well as the Goddess of Death. Then Zeus defeated her in battle and took over as ruler. He rewrote history and the myths so that her true role was forgotten and she was demoted to being one of his daughters. This is the underlying principle of all Divine Ancestors. Earth goddesses defeated by warrior gods have their power stolen and memories sealed, rendering them obedient daughters or wives of the victor. This usually appears in mythology as a hero conquering a dragon (earth goddesses often manifest as dragons) and rescuing a maiden.
* In ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'' the history of the Eldian people sees this from both sides. During their reign, the Eldians depicted themselves as bringers of civilization and wealth; the Marleyans who replaced them depict the Eldians as bloodthirsty racists who tried to exterminate the Marleyans. Even their link to the [[spoiler:Titans]] is subject to this, with Eldians claiming it as a divine blessing and the Marleyans as a demonic pact. [[spoiler:Owl]] admits the truth is likely lost at this point, but probably lies somewhere between the extremes. The Eldians were imperfect humans and so could not have been perfect rulers; at the same time their rule was so long that if they had truly tried to exterminate the Marleyans none would remain.
* ''Literature/{{Gate}}'': Three years before the main story, the Empire invaded the Kingdom of the [[LittleBitBeastly Warrior Bunnies]]. The Warrior Bunnies fought back, but Queen Tyuule realized that if this continued, they would lose. She bravely offered herself to Prince Zorzal as a SexSlave if he would spare her people. Unfortunately, he took her as a slave and then [[ILied had the Kingdom razed anyway]], with anyone who couldn't escape killed or enslaved. The Empire then recorded in their public records that Tyuule cowardly sold out her people and offered herself to Zorzal to save her own life. As a result, the survivors hate Tyuule's guts and think she is a traitor.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In an issue of Creator/PeterDavid's ''[[ComicBook/CaptainMarVell Captain Marvel]],'' Rick Jones and Genis-Vell travel to a far-flung AfterTheEnd future where the Earth is covered in desert and has been colonized by aliens. The only surviving history was written by [[BigBad Doctor Doom]]. Notably, this means that all superheroes were portrayed as evil villains who stood in the way of progress. [[HitlersTimeTravelExemptionAct Hitler]] was still a bad guy, though, because he persecuted the Roma (Doom's ethnic group).
* In another issue of Creator/PeterDavid's (this time ''ComicBook/XFactor''), ComicBook/{{Quicksilver}} offers his own version of the phrase: "The future is written by the winners. History is written by the survivors."
* Once upon a time, the Shi'Ar were almost destroyed by the Mephistoids, an AlwaysChaoticEvil race with CompellingVoice. But, in their darkest hour, T'Kyll Alabar managed to inspire bravery in the Shi'Ar troops, who fought with renewed strength and managed to turn the tide of the war and win. The Mephistoid leader was sentenced to roam the space in a SleeperStarship, alongside the hero that defeated him. LegendFadesToMyth, until the day the ship crashed on Earth. Alabar, the living legend, explained to the Shi'Ar Deathcry that it was all Shi'Ar propaganda, that the reviled mephistoids were actually [[YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters noble aliens defending their homeland from an invading Empire]]. And the Vision figured out something else as well. Legend says that Alabar inspired bravery on the soldiers all by himself, but does not mention [[YouKillItYouBoughtIt how did he do it]]. [[WouldBeRudeToSayGenocide It would be better to forget that little detail]]...
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Fiction]]
* In [[FanFic/EquestriaAHistoryRevealed Equestria: A History Revealed]], the ConspiracyTheorist LemonyNarrator seems to think that all of Equestria's history was rewritten by Celestia, [[IRejectYourReality despite clear evidence that this is not the case.]] However, Celestia does alter history a few times in [[spoiler: eliminating Discord's name before his return, sealing away the records on the Crystal Empire, and altering some aspects of the Equestrian Civil War]], which hints that the LemonyNarrator was not entirely incorrect.
* ''FanFic/NightsFavoredChild'': After [[TheBadGuyWins defeating Celestia]], Nightmare Moon spends the next thousand years not only removing all traces of her from history, but also of the ''very concept of day'', including removing words like "dusk", "dawn", "sun", and (notably) "twilight" from the lexicon.
* ''[[FanFic/TheEquestriaChronicles Legends of Equestria]]'': When Princess Luna became Nightmare Moon, her actual goal was to re-acquire equal footing with her sister, who had taken all the power in the country for herself. Luna fully intended to restore the day and go back to business as usual afterwards. Rather than give up sole power over the country, [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness Celestia disposed of Nightmare Moon]] and vilified her in the history books.
* Played with in the ''Fanfic/PonyPOVSeries'' when Celestia reveals she erased Discord from the history books because, in her mind, he didn't deserve a legacy after all he'd done. She also explained that she [[spoiler:didn't want the memory of those like Shady who were related to Discord to be tainted by association with him.]]
** We later see [[spoiler:the Sea Ponies in the [[BadFuture Epilogue timeline]] are fed a completely rewritten version of history that's the ''complete opposite'' of what happened, right down to Discord blaming the Alicorns for the genocide ''he'' committed.]]
** The [[TheEmpire Hooviet empire]] does this via propaganda, so that they never have to admit to having ever lost a war.
** Cadence defies this after the Changeling battle: [[spoiler:Cadence beats Chrysalis and becomes the Changeling Queen, Chrysalis dying of her injuries and [[{{Reincarnation}} is reincarnated as an innocent filly]]. Cadence then tells the Changelings to remember Chrysalis for the good she did, but also not deny the evil either.]]
* In ''Black Book of Arda'', one of the most prominent Russian Creator/JRRTolkien fanfics, ''Literature/TheSilmarillion'' is revised this way.
* FanFic/TheLastRingbearer points out that the Red Book, which is the basis of TheLordOfTheRings, is actually a history written by the winners. It's bursting full of examples. In it, the Orks and Wild Men of the south are simply people of color. The Red Book dehumanizes its enemies, makes light of Aragorn using {{Necromancy}} to defeat the Mordorians and condemns the scientific nation of Mordor as corrupters by blaming the desertification of their homeland on them. The war was started by Gandalf because the enemy technology was becoming stronger, while the magic of the eldritch elves and the wizards became only weaker as knowledge was lost. Saruman saw that the only way to stamp out science was to commit genocide and wanted nothing to do with it.
** Further, Aragorn taunts the Mordorian general after having him shot in the back during a honor duel: "The history books will say you got killed by a midget and a broad."
* ''FanFic/BadFutureCrusaders'': The official story of [[FallenHero Twilight Sparkle's]] rise to power is that Princess Luna once again became [[SuperPoweredEvilSide Nightmare Moon]] after Celestia's death, conveniently "forcing" Twilight to strike her down and assume complete control of the country for herself. Even those loyalist to her don't hesitate to call this out as BS (in private, at least).
* In ''[[http://www.fimfiction.net/story/302923/of-her-story Of Her Story]]'', Starlight Glimmer admits that she saw herself as the hero and Twilight Sparkle as the villain, and if she had won, the history books would have reflected that. Even though Starlight has pulled a HeelFaceTurn, she fears that history will only remember her as a lunatic who almost destroyed the world. This attitude is defied by Twilight, who asks Starlight to tell her everything about her so that it can be properly recorded.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The documentary ''Film/TheActOfKilling'' is essentially about what happens to society after [[TheBadGuyWins war criminals win]].
* ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'', the opening monologue: "I shall tell you of William Wallace. Historians from England will say I am a liar, but history is written by those who have hanged heroes." Note, however, that both the English and the Scottish were united in calling out the film for its blatant historical inaccuracies (on the Scots' side, it sidelined an even ''greater'' national hero -- the future King Robert the Bruce -- in favor of Wallace, whom he is falsely portrayed as betraying).
* Evoked in ''Film/TheDevilsAdvocate'': Kevin Lomax tells John Milton that Satan and his progeny lost in the Bible, and they're destined to lose again at the end of time. Milton retorts that ''of course'' the Bible would say that, considering who it's written by. The ironic part is that the Bible has very little to say about Satan and "the Heavenly argument", and in earlier Jewish tradition, he was even considered an ally of God. Much of the Satanic role came from later traditions of Christianity and was informed by the poet John Milton's "Paradise Lost", who was famously called "of the devil's party without knowing it".
* Directly addressed by former Secretary of Defense Robert S. [=McNamara=] in the 2003 documentary ''Film/TheFogOfWar'', who admitted that firebombing 63 Japanese cities and following it up with 2 nuclear bombs would be considered a war crime if not for the fact that he was on the winning side, and then wonders why that should make any difference.
* {{Invoked}} by Long John Silver in ''Film/MuppetTreasureIsland'', when he sings about Sir Francis Drake:
--> ". . .The Spanish all despise him / But to the British, he's a hero, and they idolize him."
* In the ''Film/{{Underworld}}'' movies, Viktor rewrote vampire history to appear as if he was the original vampire, when, in fact, it was [[spoiler:another Elder, Marcus]]. So this is a literal case of history being [[IncrediblyLamePun written by the Viktor.]] Despite this, he doesn't hide the fact that [[spoiler:Marcus is a son of the first immortal Alexander Corvinus, although he claims it's a children's story]].
* An important theme in ''Film/WangDeShengYan'', where control over records and histories is shown to be a powerful tool. Empress Lü Zhi takes it UpToEleven by having scribes record events that will happen to her enemies at court. The she makes them happen. Something of AnAesop about how powerful people falsify history.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Referenced in ''Literature/SixteenThirtyTwo'' by Cardinal Richelieu, as to why he isn't surprised or bothered all that much by how ''villainous'' he looks in our uptime media.
* ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. This was the whole purpose of [[PropagandaMachine MiniTrue (The Ministry of Truth)]], which constantly rewrites history to suit the Party's current needs and destroys and replaces "inaccurate" accounts and records with today's official version of events -- which is in turn likely to be "corrected" again tomorrow, when the Party's needs change. ("He who controls the past, controls the future; he who controls the present, controls the past.")
* ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''. Interestingly, it's the humans that do this, refusing to put Jake on trial for war crimes while happily trying Visser One for the same charge.
* In ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'', TheChurch rewrote history of the War of the Deer to remove all positive mentions of those heroes who didn't comply with its official doctrine.
* Literature/ArtemisFowl has a quote invoking this:
-->“If I win, I'm a [[ChildProdigy prodigy]]. If I lose, then I'm crazy. That's the way history is written.”
** A side story in the series has a copy of Artemis' report card. The headmaster says that Artemis proposed building a TimeMachine to get around this trope, and doesn't doubt Artemis would succeed if he tried.
* In ''Literature/TheBartimaeusTrilogy'', history classes are mandatory for commoners' children, where they're taught a version of history that uplifts the magicians on the side of the British government and casts commoners in general as weak and unable to rule. Foreign governments are vilified, and the Czechs have a particularly bad time of it, this being the ruling government prior to Britain. Questions are generally discouraged and regarded with disdain. Ironically, the government has whitewashed things so thoroughly that even the magicians themselves are never taught the full truth and actually wholeheartedly believe the state line in many things. This being ironic because if they did know the real history it would help them identify certain recurring patterns and thus, at least for a time, help them maintain their faltering power.
* In a ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' novel, a character counters to someone stating this that "History is written by the survivors" and that "given my track record, you should hope I remember you fondly".
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** Subverted... kind of... in ''Discworld/SmallGods'':
---> Winners don't have glorious victories. That's because they're the ones who get to see what the battlefield looks like afterwards. It's only the losers who have glorious victories.\\
Most people will take any excuse they can get to have had a glorious victory, but meh...this is the Discworld, after all. And the quote is from a tortoise.
** Another ''Discworld'' example, from ''Discworld/{{Hogfather}}'', as Susan tells a bedtime story:
--->"And then Jack chopped down what was the world's last beanstalk, adding murder and ecological terrorism to the theft, enticement and trespass charges already mentioned, and all the giant's children didn't have a daddy any more. But he got away with it and lived happily ever after without so much as a guilty twinge about what he had done. Which proves that you can be excused just about anything if you're a hero, because no-one asks inconvenient questions."
* In the ''Literature/DoctorWhoNewAdventures'' novel ''Just War'', the Doctor deconstructs this mindset in a Russian Roulette confrontation with a captured Nazi, pointing out that even if you get to write the history books it doesn't make you and your cause good:
-->'''The Doctor:''' You can't create anything with a gun, Herr Wolfe, let alone Utopia, authority, or truth. You can dress up in a scary black uniform and talk about destiny. You can use the full power of the state to rewrite biology, mythology, genealogy, history, and geography. Burn all the books you disagree with, burn all the people who wrote or read them. Hold a parade in every street, attend a thousand Party rallies. Gang up on the weak, persecute the minorities. Win the war. It still won't make you right.
* In ''Literature/TheEgyptian'', Sinuhe muses that due to Horemheb's rewriting of history, no one will ever remember the three Pharaohs that preceded him: Ay, UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamon}} and Achenaton. Horemheb was, obviously, less than successful.
* Played with in ''Literature/EndersGame''. The eponymous character [[spoiler:wins the war, and then goes on to write its history from ''his defeated enemy's point of view'', leading him to be vilified as a war criminal for thousands of years.]] The winners write the history books, but that doesn't mean they have to cast themselves as the heroes.
* This is a major theme in ''Literature/ForWantOfANail'', an AlternateHistory of the North American continent following a quelled UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution. The InUniverse persona of the author has very little sympathy for them, and is called out on it by an InUniverse peer review at the end of the book, who invokes this trope to some extent.
* A couple examples from Creator/LarryNiven's ''Literature/KnownSpace'' universe where victors wrote the original history of a colony world:
** In ''A Gift From Earth'', the official histories say that the social stratification of Plateau was initially agreed upon by the crew and colonists because the crew had done the work and taken the risks. [[spoiler:In fact, the original crew "convinced" the original colonists at gunpoint.]]
** In ''Fleet of Worlds'', the official histories say that the Puppeteers rescued a crippled human colony ship and settled its occupants on one of their worlds. [[spoiler:In fact, the Puppeteers themselves had attacked the ship out of panic that it had discovered one of the worlds being moved into the fleet, and then enslaved the occupants in order to breed a compliant population.]]
* ''Orientalism'' by the Palestinian-American critic Edward W. Said is a non-fiction work that explores in detail how colonialist nations abuse their control of the media and command of universities and textbooks to spread stereotypes and {{Flanderization}} of a complex, subtle and regionally diverse culture and how this comes to define the general perception of the Middle East well into the 20th Century.
* The same is done in ''Literature/ReflectionsOfEterna'', particularly in the prequel ''Flame of Eterna'': Rinaldi Rakan was sentenced to death by his royal brother and left in history as a monster, while he was framed by his brother and Beatrix Borrasque. In the ''Taligoian Ballad'', his distant descendant Ramiro Alva was killed by Alan Oakdell for regicide and betraying the Cabitela City to the Maragonian Bastard. 400 years later, the last will of the "murdered" king was found and revealed that the king himself ordered Ramiro to give up the city.
* Subverted in the AlternateHistory novel ''Resurrection Day'', in which the Cuban Missile Crisis turned into WW3. The Soviet Union [[AtomicHate has been obliterated]] while the United States has been reduced to a virtual Third World country. President Kennedy, who died in the war, has been blamed for the situation, but the actual culprit is the GeneralRipper who now runs the US as a military dictatorship. As one character states, in this case history has been written by the survivors.
* ''Santa and Pete'': where young Pete asks his amateur historian grandfather, "Who was right, the Indians or the Dutch?" His grandpa laughs and answers, "Depends on who's telling the story."
* Creator/GeorgeRRMartin's ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' deals with this trope. In the present timeline, Robert Baratheon is loved as a glorious rebel king but hated by Targaryen loyalists for being TheUsurper. Prince Rhaegar Targaryen, who was regarded as TheWisePrince in his lifetime, is smeared after his death as a rapist and villain.
** The tragic and poignant consequences of this trope is explored more subtly in ''[[Literature/TalesOfDunkAndEgg The Sworn Sword]]'' in the case of Ser Eustace Osgrey who lost his entire family fighting for the defeated Blackfyres but continues to believe that their fight was just and honorable. He claims that because the Blackfyres lost the rebellion they're condemned as traitors and rebels, but had they won they'd be idealized heroes.
** Played with over the events of the Dance of the Dragons, particularly in that there ''were'' no winners. Black history books portray Rhaenyra as a woman trying to reclaim her birthright from a murderous usurper and his scheming mother. Green history books portray her as a mentally unstable harlot who tried to steal the throne from her brother, male-preference primogeniture be damned. In all reality, it's become increasingly clear that they were both mentally unstable murderers, and were [[NotSoDifferent not so different]]. Aegon had Rhaenyra eaten by his dragon ''in front of her son'', as well as having one of his supporters murder Rhaenyra's son for seeking support with the Baratheons. in retaliation, Rhaenyra had two men sneak into the Red Keep and force a mother to choose which of her children she wanted dead, and then proceed to murder ''the other one'', so the living child would spend the rest of his life knowing his mother wanted him dead. What would have happened had either of them kept the throne may never be known, but it probably wouldn't have been good.
* ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'':
** ''[[Literature/StarWarsLostStars Lost Stars]]'' shows that the Empire wasted no time doing this after its establishment: There's a scene where protagonists Thane and Ciena, who were born the year the Empire was established, are studying for a history class in their Imperial school. They're specifically studying how the Clone Wars started, and the version they learned in school portrays Jedi Master Mace Windu as the leader of a criminal gang that interfered with a legal execution on Geonosis. Anyone who's seen ''Film/AttackOfTheClones'' will know that's ... incorrect.
* ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'':
** Addressed but averted in Creator/TimothyZahn's ''[[HandOfThrawn Vision of the Future]]'':
--->'''Shada:''' What do you mean by "true" [history]? What does anyone mean by "true"? We all know history is WrittenByTheWinners.\\
'''Jorj Car'das:''' History is also written by the bystanders... peoples who had no park or stake in what happened. Would you accuse them ''all'' of lying?
* ''Literature/TheSundering'' reimagines ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' with an aversion of this trope.
* ''{{Literature/Swordspoint}}'': In ''The Fall of the Kings'', earlier in the setting world's history, the kings and their wizards were overthrown and the ruling nobility burned all the works about magic that they could find and made it illegal even to claim that magic was real. This causes some frustration for one of the protagonists, a historian living 200 years later who has trouble finding reliable sources for his research on the wizards. Especially when he proposes a debate to prove that the wizards' magic was real, disregarding the fact that the aforementioned law is still on the books...
* The book ''Literature/{{Victoria}}'' is ''literally'' written by the winners, being the in-universe memoirs of the Christian Marines' supreme commander. Small wonder all the enemies are cartoonishly evil and incompetent.
* Creator/LoisMcMasterBujold's ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'': ''Literature/TheVorGame''. Gregor hasn't heard ''any'' of the stories about his father except stuff he could dismiss as propaganda. Miles is able to assure him that the stories he has heard are not all true.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/BabylonFive'': After conquering the Narns a second time, the Centauri lay the blame for the conflict squarely on their shoulders, to the point of placing every member of the Narn ruling council on trial for war crimes (this just after the Centauri used orbital bombardment with meteors on the Narn homeworld, something which is outlawed by every civilized government in the setting). Then again, the two powers have been taking stabs at each other ever since the Centauri overthrew the Narns the ''first'' time. And the Centauri are still not willing to acknowledge that the first time even happened either. They keep claiming that they landed peacefully on Narn and uplifted the primitives, who repaid their generosity with violence. The Narn on the other hand claim they peacefully greeted the strange alien visitors, who then conquered and enslaved them. Given that G'Kar's father was hung from a tree by his thumbs until he died ''three days later'' (for the crime of ''accidentally spilling a cup of tea on a Centauri woman''), it renders the Centauri account a bit questionable.
* [[spoiler:Tom Zarek]] uses this theory to gloss over murdering [[spoiler:Laird and The Quorum]] on ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}''. [[spoiler:He loses.]]
** Not that it mattered [[spoiler:since history was one of the many, many things that the Colonials decided to jettison upon reaching Earth.]]
* ''Series/{{Blackadder}}'' shows how [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor Henry Tudor]], after winning the UsefulNotes/WarOfTheRoses, completely removed Richard IV and his family from the historical timeline and changed UsefulNotes/{{Richard III}} into a child-killing madman.
* Becomes a plot point in the ''{{Series/Community}}'' episode [[Recap/CommunityS4E04AlternativeHistoryOfTheGermanInvasion "Alternative History of the German Invasion"]], which helps the study group come to a HeelRealization [[ItsAllAboutMe regarding their presence at Greendale]].
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'': A variation in that they didn't really "win", but the version of the Peacekeeper battle against the Venek Horde that Aeryn relates in "Different Destinations". Subofficer Dacon was a cook and only ended up negotiating the ceasefire because everyone else was killed. Alternatively, if this is a case of a [[StableTimeLoop Stable-ish Time Loop]], he was just following Aeryn's instructions in the first place.
* ''Series/LostGirl''. Trick mentions that this is the only reason people have a favorable opinion of the ancient Blood King. Considering that the Blood King has reality warping powers when writing with his blood, he may mean this literally. [[spoiler:Also, since Trick ''is'' the Blood King, this doubles as him recognizing his own past crimes and mistakes.]]
* ''Series/TheManInTheHighCastle'': This trope is in full effect here. Several characters of the Greater Nazi Reich sometimes mention the "American genocide", referring to the mass murder of the Indians in their history. By accentuating these negative events, the victors portray the Americans they conquered as a savage people with a tendency to brutally kill off whoever gets in their way, making the victors look more sympathetic (or, alternatively, as proof that the Americans already had Nazi-like tendencies before the Axis invaded). The Nazis also refer to their genocide against the Jews as their war against Semite terrorists. This chillingly shows that the winners of a war can portray the losers as terrible as they want them to be, distracting the people from their own wrongdoings.
* Crops up in the ''Series/OnceUponATime'' episode "Tallahassee". Captain Hook tells the Human-Giant wars as a war against brutal giants who came down to pillage the land and kill humans. Humans drove them back up the beanstalk, and killed all but one, the most vicious of them all. The last surviving giant claims [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters humans started the war]] and slaughtered giants for no real reason, but since they won got to paint history how they wanted.[[spoiler:The giant was telling the truth. Humans started the war for the giant's gold and magic beans, and gleefully slaughtered them]].
* In one episode of ''Series/RedDwarf'', [[DirtyCoward Rimmer]] invokes this with regard to Robert Scott, pointing out that his diary is the only record of Laurence Oates' HeroicSacrifice, and that if Rimmer had been Scott he'd have bludgeoned Oates to death with a frozen husky and [[ImAHumanitarian eaten him]], telling everyone that he had sacrificed himself. As is immediately pointed out by Lister, however, Rimmer is an exceptionally self-centred and ignoble person.
* Julius Caesar in ''Series/{{Rome}}'' is a walking, talking example of this.
-->'''Caesar''': It's only hubris if I fail.
* ''Series/SpartacusWarOfTheDamned'':
** Invoked. Crassus muses that [[NotSoDifferent both he and Spartacus]] see themselves as the hero of the tale, and their opponent as the villain. Crassus then states that only history will judge who the hero was; [[ForegoneConclusion he, of course, wins]].
** Defied, however, by [[spoiler:Agron]], who swears that it is ultimately Spartacus who history will see as the hero.
-->[[spoiler:'''Agron:''']] One day, Rome will crumble and fall. ''But your name'' will be remembered forever.
* Referenced in ''Series/StargateSG1''. Woolsey initially helps [[SleazyPolitician Kinsey]] in trying to shut down the SGC. He eventually [[HeelRealization realizes]] what kind of person Kinsey is, and then gives the President evidence of Kinsey's crimes. The following conversation then takes place:
-->'''Woolsey:''' I also hope that one day history recognizes that I tried to do the right thing.\\
'''President Hayes:''' ''Whose version'' of history, Mr. Woolsey?
* ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' - In an [[InvertedTrope inversion]], in the episode "Living Witness", the history was written from the perspective of the ''losers'' who were relegated to second class citizenry, and the winning faction was very annoyed at being portrayed as vicious, bloodthirsty tyrants who slaughtered innocents and made martyrs out of people that turned out to be pirates and raiders. As it turns out, both sides weren't exactly saints to begin with.
** It is very likely the history was originally written by the winners and only turned to favor the other side in the centuries of coexistence later. The story still puts almost all the blame on ''Voyager'' rather than the winners themselves. In the propaganda simulation, even the representative of the victorious species who made the deal for Voyager's involvement is horrified at their atrocities, but his objections are ignored.
** Ultimately subverted at the end of the episode [[spoiler:when we flash forward to the future to see that both sides have reconciled their differences (thanks in large part to the Doctor). The old anti-Voyager propaganda simulations are still on display, but only as an example of how past prejudices once pushed them apart.]]
* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''
** "Contagion": Picard says this in reference to the Iconians.
** "Unification" has Picard asking for some help from his good buddy Gowron. Gowron himself was letting the press know that he did not have as much help from Picard as there really was; this trope's name was given word for word.
** "The High Ground" has Kyril Finn point out to a captive Dr. Crusher that if UsefulNotes/GeorgeWashington had lost his war, he'd be remembered as a terrorist, and not a revolutionary.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' - the two-parter "The Way of the Warrior", Gowron quotes it again just before the Klingon fleet and ''Deep Space Nine'' engage in battle.
* ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise''. The MirrorUniverse episode opens with the conclusion of ''StarTrekFirstContact'', but instead of returning the Vulcan's StrangeSalute, Mirror!Zephram Cochrane pulls out a shotgun and murders him, whereupon the humans storm the spaceship brandishing firearms. Mirror!Archer is later shown proudly showing off this shotgun from his antique WallOfWeapons.
-->'''Archer:''' I wonder how history would have played out if Cochrane hadn't turned the tables on your invasion force.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Music/MarilynManson's song "Irresponsible Hate Anthem".
* Music/GangOfFour's "Not Great Men".
* This trope is a recurring theme in the music of Brendan Perry of Music/DeadCanDance. It's presented most directly in "[[TearJerker Song of the Dispossessed]]" and "Amnesia" but also more subtly in some other pieces.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Professional Wrestling]]
* Since Wrestling/{{WCW}} was bought out, {{Wrestling/WWE}} mostly only provides its own account of the Monday Night Wars, and spends a lot of time mocking WCW for its silly [[TheGimmick gimmicks]] (while the WWF had plenty of its own) and the mismanagement that led to its downfall. You'll seldom hear much about ''why'' Nitro beat Raw in their ratings war for so long, just that it happened. Wrestling/{{ECW}}, on the other hand, gets treated like a WorthyOpponent and gets much more respect (perhaps because it's more marketable, perhaps because they were writing checks to ECW during its run). WWE will seldom admit to getting most of their ideas from ECW during their so called "attitude era" all the same.
** In the past decade it seems as if this trend has slowly been changing. Wrestling/EricBischoff wrote his pro-WCW, anti-WWE expose book ''Controversy Creates Cash'' while still working for WWE. And with Wrestling/{{Sting}}'s long-awaited arrival in WWE in 2014, the WCW legacy has been getting a lot more respect from its vanquisher, with Wrestling/TripleH depicted as a heel for wanting to expunge Sting's existence from the wrestling archives. Heck, at the ''[=WrestleMania=]'' match between these two, D-Generation X were the heels and the ''Wrestling/NewWorldOrder'' (one of the most notorious heel stables of all time) were the faces!
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Religion]]
* Virtually every religious text will describe the founder of their religion as a impossibly perfect and good human being. They're all basically hagiographies in which you're never able to check how much of it is true or how much less heroic stuff has been left out.
** This goes so far that some theologians in fact apply a "rule of embarrassment" to find out which things are likely to have happened. A tale of Jesus being wrong would have no place in a hagiography and hence some theologians argue that it only found its way into a story written by a Christian because it actually happened.
* Some SatanIsGood beliefs held this about Literature/TheBible which would make some sense if only because the modern idea of Satan and the role of the Devil is more or less medieval traditions, fused with left-over paganism and is not really part of classical Judaism.
* HijackedByJesus is this trope for some scholars who note that a lot of pagan myths and beliefs, especially Myth/NorseMythology were written down after most of its original practitioners and faithful were converted and unlike Greek, Roman and Hindu myths we don't have works written by the people who believed in it.
* Averted in Myth/ClassicalMythology, where it is established that Chronos ruled over a Golden Age, so the Olympians didn't bother to hide that.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'', there was the War of the Mark, the first half of which was basically genocide preformed by the dragon mark houses against those with aberrant dragon marks, and the second half was a war because the victimized party got organized and put up a valiant effort; anyways, [[DownerEnding it didn't end well.]] Most people don't like and fear aberrant dragon mark wielders, although the extent of the prejudice is up to the DM. The dragon marked houses, however, are quite accepted, and while many people know of the War of the Mark (despite it happening almost 2,500 years ago), almost none know what actually happened.
* This helps explain the [[ContinuitySnarl untidiness]] affecting a lot of ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'''s backstory. The Space Wolves ''know'' that the Thousand Sons were traitorous sorcerers that their forebearers rightfully punished for using forbidden magics, while the Thousand Sons ''know'' they suffered an unjust and unprovoked attack ordered by the Emperor they up until then had loyally served. The Literature/HorusHeresy novels reveal that while the Thousand Sons were using sorcery, they were trying to ''warn'' the Emperor about the imminent rebellion, but then the true traitor, Warmaster Horus, changed the Space Wolves' orders from "bring in for questioning" to "kill them all," and the psyker-hating Space Wolves were happy to oblige. Nowadays the idea that the Space Wolves were played or that the Emperor should have believed the Thousand Sons' warning are treated as heresy.
** Another example is the history of the Dark Angels. Outsiders know the chapter to be one of the original First Founding legions and exemplars of loyalty. The chapter itself is wracked with guilt over how fully half their members turned traitor during the Horus Heresy, a secret they jealously guard and which drives them to obsessively hunt these Fallen Angels. Meanwhile, there's hints that the Dark Angels' primarch may have been sitting out the civil war altogether, and the "Fallen" were merely defending themselves against their possibly traitorous kin...
*** This Trope and the Lion's ultimate allegiance are dealt with in the Age of Darkness anthology story Savage Weapons, [[spoiler:Lion'el is absolutely loyal to the Emperor, but his campaign against the Night Lords, and the Chaos Gods' intervention in the Warp will prevent him from ever reaching Terra to aid in the defence. Night Haunter himself directly taunts Jonson stating that the Lion's character will always be questioned because he not was at Terra.]]
* ''{{TabletopGame/Paranoia}}'': It's the year 214. It's ''always'' the year 214. We are at war with the Communists, always were, and always will be. TheComputerIsYourFriend, and this is the history the Computer tells you. Questioning the Computer's history of the world is treason. Treason is punishable by death.
* The history of the Realm in ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' proclaims there was a time when the world was ruled over by demonic "Anathema" who harrowed and tormented mankind, and it was only through the overwhelming force of the Dragon-Blooded that they were driven back into the shadows. While this isn't entirely inaccurate from [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity what sometimes happened under the rule of the Solars]], it sure does obscure a lot of the nuances.
** Some of it ''is'' flat out wrong -- namely, they say that the Anathema are humans possessed by demons (or demons in human form) rather than humans given power by gods [[ComesGreatInsanity that steadily drives them mad]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theatre]]
* The majority of Creator/WilliamShakespeare's Histories (That is: ''Theatre/KingJohn'', ''Theatre/RichardII'', ''Theatre/HenryIV'', ''Theatre/HenryV'', ''Theatre/HenryVI'', ''Theatre/RichardIII'' and ''Theatre/HenryVIII'') feature this to a greater or lesser degree, seeing as how Shakespeare wrote histories for the winners, his 'sponsors' UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor and since he, without any inkling, became the most important and influential writer in the centuries that followed, the Tudor-Shakespeare propaganda is and remains PopCulturalOsmosis. The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespearean_history other wiki's]] article is a brief introduction to this.
* The Wizard's song [="Wonderful"=] in ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}'' is all about this. ("A man's called a traitor -- or a liberator. A rich man's a thief -- or philanthropist. Is one a crusader, or ruthless invader? It's all in which label is able to persist.") Of course, he's used this to his advantage by wielding the PropagandaMachine against his political opponents.
* ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'', the musical, has the VillainSong called "A Story Told", referring to how "history is a story told by the men who make the laws". The three conspirators convene and choose to frame Edmond Dantés for crimes to further their own cause with the understanding that because he can't disprove the accusation, he will be remembered as guilty by everyone, and that's more real to the rest of the world than what actually happened.
* Invoked mockingly in ''Theatre/TheCompleteHistoryOfAmericaAbridged'':
-->"I believe it was Creator/BenjaminFranklin who said, 'History is written by the winners.' Well, tonight it's our turn."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/ValkyriaChronicles'': [[spoiler:The known history has The Valkyria as demigods who arrived from the north and saved the land from the Darcsen race, who were fighting devastating wars with Ragnite weapons. The Valkyria are still worshiped as gods and saviors, and the Darcsen are prosecuted and marginalized. In truth, the Darcsen were peaceful, and the Valkyria were invaders who enslaved them - as well as causing enormous destruction with their ragnite weapons. They rewrote history to suit themselves, and hid the truth from all but their own descendants.]]
* ''Franchise/StarTrek: VideoGame/BirthOfTheFederation'' - When you choose to play the Cardassians, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhV43JiGiSE their opening]] claims this as one of their motivating principles.
* ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins'': Discussed. At the [[OurElvesAreDifferent Dalish Camp]], the [[PlayerCharacter Warden]] can walk in on a Dalish storyteller recounting the history of his people, and how they were conquered and basically enslaved by Andrastian humans for refusing to convert to the worship of the human [[{{God}} Maker]]. If a non-Dalish Warden points out that the Chantry says that the elves weren't so innocent either (kidnapped human children for human sacrifice blood magic rituals, attacked the helpless human village of Red Crossing, etc), he'll counter that history is written by the winners, and since humans won that war of course they'll demonize the elves to justify what they did to them afterwards (invaded, conquered, and stole their homeland; forced their people to convert or hide out in the woods; kept those who did convert as second-class citizens, etc).
* ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTellius'' reminds you that Chaos Is Evil. Uh, then you uncover the millenium-long cover-up setup by the one survivor of the Law vs Chaos War. And he's the King of Dragons!
* ''VideoGame/FireEmblemTheSacredStones'' has a variant of this. The common myth is that the Demon King was defeated by the "Five Heroes" led by Grado. [[spoiler:It turns out that the "Five Heroes" were led by Morva, the leader of the dragonkin. Together, they defeat the Demon King; Morva is even the one to land the killing blow. However, as centuries pass, the human nations which the heroes founded eventually forgot about Morva. The people of Caer Pelyn are rather unhappy about this, believing the other nations are being ungrateful to the Great Dragon who saved mankind, but Morva himself [[HumbleHero doesn't really mind]].]]
* ''[[VideoGame/FireEmblemElibe Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword]] has a rather half-hearted version of this. The prologue states that the Scouring, a brutal war between dragons and humans, began when humans broke the peace for no explained reason. Yet it doesn't go on to question the fact that the human "heroes" of that war are held in religious reverence [[spoiler:and the one who joins your party is something of the mentor]].
* In ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'', [[spoiler:quite a bit of the legend of Mithos the Hero is false, created by Mithos himself.]]
* In ''VideoGame/LastScenario'', [[spoiler:pretty much all of the standard history is a load of crap.]] This is used as part of the game's subversion of VideoGameTropes of all kinds, as it means [[spoiler:''the opening InfoDump [[PlayingThePlayer lies to you]]''.]]
* ''VideoGame/LegacyOfKain''
** ''Legacy Of Kain: Defiance'' This is what Raziel says upon finding out [[spoiler:what the Hylden have to say about their war with the Ancients]].
** In ''Blood Omen 2'', Kain combines this with InTheirOwnImage;
-->'''Kain:''' "Oh, Sebastian. Our destiny could have been glorious. The land was ours for the taking. History would have been rewritten in our image."
* This point is made by [[spoiler:Captain Price]] [[MeaningfulEcho and]] General Shepherd in ''[[VideoGame/ModernWarfare Modern Warfare 2]].'' One of them is very much counting on it.
---> History is written by the victor. ''History is filled with liars''.
* ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' posits that all of history is deliberately distorted by UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar to strengthen their position, cover up their existence, and vilify the Assassins. This HandWave permits the dev team to stuff the series with exquisite research while still taking creative license with history when necessary for the sake of the story.
* Invoked in the ''VideoGame/{{Thief}}'' series, as the [[AncientTradition Keepers]]' motto is "[[PropagandaMachine Propaganda]] is written by the winners. History is written by the observer."
* In ''VideoGame/RedDeadRedemption'', after the final mission, [[spoiler:no matter how high or low you go on the KarmaMeter, Edgar Ross sees to it that John Marston is remembered by most as a vile monster.]]
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'' is full of this trope. [[spoiler:Saint Ajora, the leading messiah of the Church, was not a saint, but in fact a human possessed by a demon at best, and a ''actual'' demon at worst. The official history of Ramza has him as a heretic and usurper, while the truth is that he was just as influential, if not more so, in the kingdom's history that the eventual peasant king Delita. The Church, however, refused to acknowledge his role as his actions would have exposed massive corruption and generally unethical behavior, and suppressed everything that tried to tell the truth, including burning the author of the Durai Reports at the stake as a heretic.]] Possibly subverted by the Durai Reports though, causing Ramza to be VindicatedByHistory.
* In ''VideoGame/GuildWars'', White Mantle history records Saul D'Alessio's final battle against the Charr as a defeat. In fact, D'Alessio won the battle, but his gods murdered most of his followers and abducted him, never to be seen again. Ironically, this would lead to D'Alessio being villified by the people who overthrew the White Mantle when he would have likely sympathized with their cause.
** Charr history of the Searing and the following war against Adelbern has been written largely to reflect the glory of their victories, excising all mention of how it was Shamans who gave them their greatest victories and the important role of the Ebon Vanguard in killing their "gods".
** Likewise, Ascalonian history tends to focus on the Charr attempting to invade from the north many times before the Searing while conveniently glossing over the fact that Ascalon ''used'' to be Charr territory before the humans invaded, drove them north, and built a wall to keep them out.
* Mentioned by developers of ''VideoGame/LeagueOfLegends'' as the reason why Demacia is perceived as "good", while Noxus is "evil".
** The Journal of Justice is written by the League (neutral organization) and averts this trope (see also Morgana vs Kayle).
* Mentioned in the Russian campaign of ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth''.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'' expansion ''Operation: Anchorage'' has this as part of its backstory -- a General Chase commissioned an elaborate virtual reality simulation of the Alaska campaign of the Sino-American War, in which he played a key role. But instead of serving as an adviser, he kept tweaking and changing the script, even as the world shuddered towards nuclear war, until the events depicted in the simulation bore little resemblance to what actually happened (including entirely fictional Chinese secret weapons). The technicians developing the program privately worried that the man had gone insane. [[ShootTheShaggyDog Then they all died in a nuclear apocalypse]].
* The [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin aptly named]] ''{{VideoGame/Borderlands 2}}'' mini-mission "Written By The Victors" has you take a quick tour of the history of Hyperion and Handsome Jack. Naturally, every word of it is [[BlatantLies utter bull]].
** Hyperion hasn't "won" anything yet, but they're winning, and they own the news media on Pandora. Hyperion spreads its version of events through [[TheMinistryOfTruth Hyperion Truth Broadcasting]], where DJ Hunter Hellquist is always spinning reality to make Handsome Jack look like the hero and the Crimson Raiders look like the most vile villains imaginable. Luckily, you get to shoot him in the face.
* In [[FakeUltimateHero Captain Qwark]]'s log in ''VideoGame/RatchetAndClankUpYourArsenal'', he claims to have defeated [[VideoGame/RatchetAndClankGoingCommando the previous game]]'s final boss, which ate him before Ratchet defeated it.
* ''VideoGame/BatenKaitos'' is centered around the aftereffects of an ancient mythical battle between the god of evil and the gods of good. The prequel reveals that this essentially has the morality of the parties backwards - it's just that the good guys (who were a group, not an individual as history recorded) had made a DealWithTheDevil with an unrelated and forgotten third party.
* In ''VideoGame/DragonBallOnline'', it is revealed in the guide ''[[AllThereInTheManual Dragon Ball Online Chronicles]]'' that the majority of humans in the future have forgotten the protagonists' existence in favor of [[FakeUltimateHero Mr. Satan]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Singularity}}'' has a variation:
--> Demichev: History is rewritten by the victors. YOU LOST-
--> *Renko shoots the pistol out of Demichev's hand*
* In ''VideoGame/{{Robopon}}'', Dr. Zero calls out Prince Tail for this; the King was defeated by Zero and only 'won' due to nearly killing him, but told everyone that he defeated Zero to begin with.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** In the backstory, as shown most prominently in ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind Morrowind]]'': Because of [[PlotTriggeringDeath Nerevar's death]], the disappearance of the Dwemer, [[BigBad Dagoth Ur's]] [[KingInTheMountain presumed death]], and the fact that Azura is a [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Daedric Prince]] who doesn't often openly communicate with mortals, [[PhysicalGod the Tribunal]] were the only ones present for [[TheRashomon the events following the Battle of Red Mountain]] left in a position to declare how the events there took place. As such, the [[CorruptChurch Tribunal Temple's]] ''official'' story about what happened is the most widely accepted version, even though it is clearly the version most full of BlatantLies and [[MetaphoricallyTrue Metaphorical Truths]] out of those that comprise TheRashomon once you've done a little research. All stories to the contrary are considered heresy, kept alive only by the actions of the [[NobleSavage Ashlander]] Nerevarine Cult and the [[DefectorFromDecadence Dissident Priests]].
** Speaking of the Dwemer, following their disappearance, the only groups in positions to know much about the Dwemer were the Dunmer (having been turned from the Chimer) and the Nords, both of whom warred with the Dwemer and wouldn't have had any reason to say anything good about them. In the years that followed, the Dwemer would be demonized by the Dunmer and popularized by ahistorical tales like [[UnreliableNarrator Marobar Sul's]] ''[[InGameNovel Ancient Tales of the Dwemer]]'' series. Not helping matters is that their [[ConLang language]] was quickly lost after their disappearance, making it impossible for anyone to read the Dwemer's own records. (A means of translation was discovered around the time of ''Morrowind'', but was apparently lost again by the time of ''Skyrim'' 200 years later.)
** Also from the backstory, the Ayleids (Wild Elves) are the "losers" to the Alessian Empire "winners". While there is plenty of evidence that the Ayleids [[KickTheDog committed atrocities]] against their human slaves, there has almost certainly been some exaggeration of the centuries since. Even though several [[TokenHeroicOrc rebel Ayleid lords]] supported Alessia during the [[SlaveRevolt revolt]] and were permitted to keep their lands and culture after the war, even they would be demonized once the monkey prophet Maruhk came to power. In addition to the persecution of any elves within the empire, he also [[UnPerson destroyed any records and cultural artifacts]] of the Ayleids that could be found. Eventually, only the (almost certainly heavily biased) Imperial records of the Alessian Revolt remained.
** In another backstory example, The ancient Falmer (Snow Elves) were nearly exterminated in a war with Ysgramor and his [[BadassArmy 500 Companions]] from Atmora. As part of destroying all traces of the Falmer culture in Skyrim that he could find, Ysgramor also destroyed any evidence of anything that happened other than what ''his'' official histories record. For instance, he claims that the Falmer attack on Saarthal was "unprovoked". However, surviving records of the Elves claim that the attack was in response to repeated "provocations and blasphemies" committed by the early Nords.
** Additionally, the Septim Empire would later play up the relationship between Alessia's Nedic people ([[{{Precursors}} ancestors]] of most of the modern races of Men) and the Nords, whose support [[FounderOfTheKingdom Tiber Septim]] badly needed to forge his empire. The Nedes were extinct as a unique race centuries before Septim's rise to power.
** Between ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIVOblivion Oblivion]]'' and ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]'', the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Thalmor]] took credit for ending the Oblivion Crisis which brought them great support in their homeland. They assassinated Potentate Ocato 10 years later, irreparably destabilizing the Third Cyrodiilic Empire. Under their leadership, the Altmer quickly seceded and annexed Valenwood in order to reform the [[AntiHumanAlliance Aldmeri]] [[TheEmpire Dominion]] of old (and to give them a buffer state between their homeland and Cyrodiil). They then took credit for resolving a crisis with the moons that brought them Elsweyr, homeland of the [[CatFolk Khajiit]], as a client state.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* Webcomic/{{Blindsprings}}’ winners are [[FunctionalMagic the Academists]] and the losers are [[NatureHero Orphics.]] Cue 300 years of FantasticRacism, UnEqualRites style.
* Discussed by the messenger of the [[TheOmniscientCouncilOfVagueness Conclave]] in ''{{Webcomic/Roommates}}'', when he declared the winner of the ''Kings War'' arc and said winner protested the late intervention:
-->'''Ariel''': History is written by the winners, ''not'' in the middle.
** And as the spin-off ''Webcomic/GirlsNextDoor'' parodied it, when the Sarah (the winner) got confronted with the distorted account of her adventure:
-->'''Jareth''': History is written by he who rules despotically over the goblin scribes.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:WebOriginal]]
* One of the Wiki/SCPFoundation's more bizarre entries is [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-1000 Bigfoot]]. According to the general clearance section, just seeing it causes you to have a percentile chance of instantly dying that increases the longer you spend looking at it. Except that's complete bull. The truth is [[spoiler:that BigfootSasquatchAndYeti were a nocturnal sentient race far more advanced than humans, being masters of OrganicTechnology, while humans were basically their own wild men of the forest. Man went from hunted to hunter, destroying 70% of their population in a single day and using their newly-acquired technology to rewrite the Sasquatch and their own memories to what we know today. They can communicate, and this is what they have to say]]:
-->[[spoiler:we forgive you;\\
given choice for now, not forever;\\
let us back in]]
* Spoofed on Website/{{Twitter}} by the popular comedy account [[https://twitter.com/thetweetofgod/status/648952093794009089 The Tweet Of God]]:
--> People say history is written by the winners, but actually history is written by historians, and most of them are losers.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' episode "The Headband", Aang (in disguise) attends a Fire Nation school for a day. During the class's history lesson, the teacher quizzes the students on how Fire Lord Sozin defeated the "Air Nation Army". Of course, Aang (and the viewers) know full well that the Air Nomads were a mostly peaceful population of monks, who didn't even have an established ''government'', much less an army, and that Sozin's attack against them wasn't so much a battle as it was ''outright genocide''. When Aang tries to point this out, the teacher snaps that, [[DramaticIrony unless he was actually around 100 years ago]], he shouldn't be questioning the Fire Nation's history books. Aang's quest to topple the Fire Lord would ultimately fix this.
* In the ChristmasEpisode of ''WesternAnimation/TheRealGhostbusters,'' the quartet gets taken back to the time of ''Literature/AChristmasCarol'' and accidentally [[NiceJobBreakingItHero catch the spirits of Christmas past, present, and yet to come]]. Now with nothing existing to make him undergo his HeelFaceTurn, a vengeful Ebeneezer Scrooge proceeds to write a bestseller making him look like the big hero and the holiday to look like one huge joke, which in turn causes everyone to hate Christmas.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/StarVsTheForcesOfEvil'' episode "Mewnipendence Day", Star is horrified and saddened to realize that her ancestors were not heroes who cleared the land of evil monsters like she had been taught, but invaders who kicked the land's original inhabitants out because they were stronger and better armed than the natives.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', Theatre/{{Macbeth}} is shown to have been an honorable man and a good and wise king, while Duncan was cruel and spiteful. WordOfGod is that the account given in Shakespeare's play is largely due to the King of England at the time being one of Duncan's descendants.
[[/folder]]


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