Once a work has been published to general acclaim, speculation runs rampant. What did X really mean? How could Y do that? How are we supposed to interpret Z? For some reason or another, [[ShrugOfGod the primary creator keeps quiet]], so when someone else with at least some authoritative status to the work says something, it can be easily accepted and incorporated into the common view.

When the Word of Saint Paul contains (or is perceived to contain) mistakes or misunderstandings of the original creator, they can easily carry the germ for future debates.

The dividing lines among WordOfGod, Word of Saint Paul and WordOfDante are somewhat fluid, but if it can be reasonably supposed that someone has had a role in creating the work, or a close personal relation to the primary creator, then it is probably Word of Saint Paul instead of Word of Dante.

In a film or TV series, typical sources of Word of Saint Paul are the primary actors, the cameraman, the production designer, the costume designer, or the score writer. In literature, it can be the author's spouse, the editor, or the publisher.

[[TropeNamer Named]] for Saint Paul the Apostle, who through diligent missionary and organization work very much changed Christianity from a minor Jewish sect into a budding world religion, while clarifying or modifying lots of things about [[WordOfGod what Jesus said]].

Nothing to do with the city in Minnesota.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* There isn't a [[WordOfGay firm, canonical statement]] from the ''Franchise/LyricalNanoha'' production crew that Nanoha and Fate are lovers; they instead [[TeasingCreator prefer to layer on the subtext]], ''right'' up to [[HomoeroticSubtext the knife-edge of making it text]] (the most famous statement from the director clarifies their relationship to the daughter they're raising together, but not to each other). However, the voice actresses for the girls in question have directly stated that ''they'' think the two are married.
* ''PuellaMagiMadokaMagica'' is in much the same boat. The original writer, GenUrobuchi, tends to either [[FlipFlopOfGod flip-flop]] on or [[ShrugOfGod ignore]] the issue of whether or not the series has a CastFullOfGay, or just a lot of BaitAndSwitchLesbians. Meanwhile, Hanokage, who wrote the manga adaptation and one of the spinoffs, and Creator/UmeAoki, the show's character designer and one of the Quartet, are far less restrained. Independent of one another, they've written {{yonkoma}}, {{doujins|hi}}, and {{omake}} that show the characters [[http://images.puella-magi.net/0/0b/BD_6_Ume_4koma_TL.jpg?20110924213042 lusting after each other,]] [[http://images.puella-magi.net/6/6b/Ume_sensei_doujin_kyosaya_1.jpg?20110507125623 going on dates,]] and even, on one memorable occasion, [[http://a.mpcdn.net/manga/p/16185/386351/3.jpg married]]. Ume even went so far as to hint at [[CrackPairing Mami/Charlotte.]]
* ''Anime/GundamBuildFighters'' earned the FanNickname "Gundam Valhalla" because its MythologyPorn includes countless cameos by other ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' characters, all of whom were shown to be happy, especially those who died or suffered other unpleasant fates in their home series. Near the end of the show's run, Minami Fuji (the voice actress for [[{{Keet}} Mao Yasaka]]) posted on Twitter, saying that the producers had told her "In the world of ''Build Fighters'', all Gundam characters live in peace."
* ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'' has long left the exact nature of the relationship between Krista Lenz and [[BadassGay Ymir]] somewhat ambiguous within the actual series. While Ymir is confirmed to have romantic feelings for Krista, the other girl's exact feelings have never been clarified. Then the anime adaptation's producer, George Wada, referred to them as a romantic couple during a convention panel. Creator Isayama Hajime, infamous for responding with non-answers, hasn't chimed in to confirm or deny this statement.

* ''Film/BackToTheFuture'': When asked about the origins of Doc and Marty, screenwriter Bob Gale gives two theories:
## That Doc was a participant in the Manhattan project, thus explaining how he retrofitted a [=DeLorean=] with a nuclear reactor. His dialogue from the film suggests that he believes nuclear war is imminent, and he has been spending years trying to invent something -- anything -- to blot out the atomic bomb from his resume.
## As for Marty, he was likely lured to Doc's laboratory simply because he was told not to venture there. The original draft explains that Marty took an interest in Doc's vinyl record collection.[[note]]Although, at the time vinyl records were still the most common way of getting albums. Compact discs meanwhile, were only up and coming.[[/note]]
* ''Film/{{Inception}}'':
** When interviewed about his role in the film, MichaelCaine asserted that any scene that included him was one guaranteed to be in the real world. This either explains the film or makes the MindScrew even more confusing.
** A costume designer stated that the last scene showing Cobb's children in fact used different children from an earlier scene and they were wearing slightly different shirts, which suggests that the final scene isn't a dream.
* In commentary on ''Film/ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'', Aubrey Plaza, who plays Julie, asserted that her character had (and possibly has) an unrequited crush on Scott, which is why she's so hostile to him. While Bryan Lee O'Malley, the creator of the original ''ComicBook/ScottPilgrim'' comics, responded that Plaza was "making shit up", Edgar Wright, the director of the film adaptation, supported this view.
* The last ''Film/HarryPotter'' film suggests a romance (or at least a pair of reciprocal one-sided crushes) between Neville Longbottom and Luna Lovegood, which is a widely fanon-supported couple, but not one that happens in canon. Mathew Lewis, who plays Neville, asserted the two had a brief fling, but ended up marrying their canonical partners.
* Haruo Nakajima, the original actor who played Franchise/{{Godzilla}}, believes that the Showa (1955-1975) incarnation of Godzilla is female. However, according to [[WordOfGod Toho Studios]], all incarnations of Godzilla to date have been male (yes, even [[Film/{{Godzilla 1998}} the first remake]] [[MisterSeahorse version]], which is admittedly stated in the film).
* Creator/JohnnyDepp has said that Jack Sparrow from ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'' has syphilis, and that he is bisexual.
* Creator/SamuelLJackson has stated that in ''RevengeOfTheSith'' he, as Mace Windu, beat Palpatine. The novel implies that Sidious let himself lose, and the film leaves it ambiguous.
* TimCurry has stated that Dr. Frank N. Furter from ''TheRockyHorrorPictureShow'' is [[AnythingThatMoves Pansexual]].
* At the end of ''Theatre/DinnerForOne'' the two characters [[spoiler:go upstairs and, it's implied, have sex]] and the actors said it was entirely innocent.
* ''Film/BladeRunner'': Harrison Ford has stated that he believed Decker to not be a replicant, as being one would undercut the theme of his character rediscovering his own humanity, and turns the man vs. machine climactic battle into a robot vs. robot fight. Creator/RidleyScott on the other hand, claims that Deckard was always meant to be a replicant.
* Creator/GeorgeClooney told Barbara Walters in an interview that he played Batman as gay in Film/BatmanAndRobin.
-->"I was in a rubber suit and I had rubber nipples. I could have played Batman straight, but I made him gay."
* Creator/DannyTrejo has stated that the Machete Cortez in ''Film/{{Machete}}'' is what [[CrossOver the Machete Cortez]] from ''SpyKids'' does when he's not taking care of the kids. As Creator/RobertRodriguez intended to make a ''Machete'' movie years before [[DevelopmentHell he was able to,]] he inserted a more family-friendly version of the same character into ''Spy Kids'' in the meantime, so this is technically canonical.
* Christopher Doohan stated on [[https://twitter.com/ChrisDoohan/status/6323614979 Twitter]] that the unnamed teleporter chief he played in ''Film/StarTrek'' and ''StarTrekIntoDarkness'' was fan favorite RedShirt Lt. Kyle.
* A fan at Comic-Con asked both Creator/JossWhedon and Creator/TomHiddleston what caused Loki's dark change between ''Film/{{Thor}}'' and ''Film/TheAvengers''. Joss said he hadn't thought of it yet. Hiddleston, however, said that they had talked about it a little, and said that Loki basically went through what he called the Asgardian version of ''Film/ApocalypseNow,'' saying when Loki disappeared, he then spent a year alone, wandering through the proverbial jungles and dark alleyways of the universe which, combined with the pain that he endured during ''Thor,'' scarred him.
* Brendan Fraser has said he thinks of his character from ''Film/GIJoeTheRiseOfCobra'', Sgt. Stone, as the [[IdenticalGrandson descendant]] of [[Film/TheMummyTrilogy Rick O'Connell]].
* Gwyneth Paltrow asserted in interviews prior to the release of ''Film/TheAvengers'' and ''Film/IronMan3'' that, in her opinion, Tony and Pepper hadn't slept together yet. This is probably not canon, however, considering the fact that in both films they're quite clearly living together, and are shown euphemistically [[GettingCrapPastTheRadar discussing their sex life]] in a couple of scenes.
* ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast'': Courtesy of Creator/MichaelFassbender. Magneto and Quicksilver are father and son in this universe as well; obviously neither of them is aware of it, which also ties in with the early comics. Though in the movie, Erik does a blink and you'll miss it DoubleTake when Peter mentions that his mom told him she knew a guy with similar powers.

[[folder: Literature]]
* In ''HeirsOfAlexandria'', Christianity gained another early high-powered missionary and organizer in Hypatia, and thus split into two groups, based on different Words of Saint Paul: the Pauline branch and the Petrine branch.
* Virginia Heinlein shaped a lot of how Creator/RobertAHeinlein was viewed by regulating which of his books were published, and how, according to [[http://www.thewaythefutureblogs.com/2010/05/the-wives-and-drives-of-robert-heinlein-ginny/ Frederik Pohl]].
* August Derleth shaped much of the popular understanding of Creator/HPLovecraft's CthulhuMythos, and codified a lot of it. This is [[BrokenBase hotly contested]], as Derleth split the mythos between what was basically good or bad (Elder Gods vs. The Great Old Ones) with the Elder Gods having been added after Lovecraft died. The main conflict is that the Elder Gods tend be fairly benign, while The Great Old Ones try to destroy humanity, often going away from the BlueAndOrangeMorality that makes up the mythos. Derleth's concept of good and evil eventually became less common, with ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' removing it from the 6th edition.
* To a similar degree, that is true of Lin Carter with the work of Creator/RobertEHoward.
* In the StarTrekDeepSpaceNineRelaunch books, Andrew Robinson, who played the character Elim Garak, has filled in much of Garak's mysterious and covert past. He felt that Garak was omnisexual with interest in men and women of any species, and that Garak was particularly attracted to Bashir, whom he felt was oblivious to Garak's interest. The show's writing staff worked hard to throw this off in the show itself but Robinson's non-canon novel, based on his personal view of the character's background and personality, was so popular, it became part of the ExpandedUniverse and Robinson's view of the character has been adopted by the fandom as if it was canon.
* Christopher Tolkien is often this to Creator/JRRTolkien when it comes to posthumous works. In particular, the published version of ''Literature/TheSilmarillion'' is often assumed to be canon, when it is simply the most well-known interpretation of a number of unfinished and contradictory sources. On the whole, Christopher is pretty careful to separate actual WordOfGod from his own thoughts on paper.
* Televangelist Wendy Alec provides a literal version of this in her ''Chronicles of Brothers'' novels. These are a very specialised sort of fantasy fiction in which ms Alec represents the Bible story as a sort of sibling rivalry between five brothers, the Sons of God. She sticks very carefully and cautiously to what is "known" of Heaven, Hell and their denizens from the Bible and related religious works - but she cannot help re-interpreting the Fall of Lucifer (the black sheep of the family) with the aid of some serious Word Of Saint Paul, maybe even a little WordOfDante creeping in round the edges. (Other televangelists have denounced her as Ungodly and Satanic for this reason.)
* Creator/JonathanFranzen plays this role with regard to Creator/DavidFosterWallace, although much of what Franzen says is automatically rejected by Wallace's fans. However, the two authors were undeniably close friends, and they did discuss their writing (both content and methods) with each other, so it's difficult to disown certain statements by Franzen (e.g., whether or not Wallace embellished some of his non-fiction).

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', several actors have spoken about their own interpretation into the character on stuff the PowersThatBe are quiet about. Tom Welling ([[{{Superman}} Clark Kent]]) has talked about the psychological effects of red kryptonite, Allison Mack ([[PlatonicLifePartners Chloe Sullivan]]) said Chloe is too weak for the character in season two, John Glover ([[MagnificentBastard Lionel Luthor]]) said his character is [[DirtyOldMan supposed to be attracted]] to [[FoeYay Chloe]], and so on.
* The finale of ''Series/StargateSG1'' contains a long TimePassesMontage with little to no dialogue throughout. Several of the actors involved have given their take on what happened--such as Creator/AmandaTapping and Chris Judge saying they played their parts as if Sam and Teal'c had developed a relationship, and Michael Shanks saying the reason that Vala is crying and being consoled by Daniel in one scene is because she miscarried.
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'':
** The ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration Technical Manual'', in its entry on the Captain's Yacht, includes an out-of-universe sidebar that says "Patrick Stewart informs us the yacht is named ''Calypso'' after Jacques Cousteau's vessel", in a way that suggests that, as far as the writers of the ''Manual'' are concerned, he should know. This was never confirmed on screen, since the ''Enterprise''-D yacht was never used (or even confirmed to ''exist''), but was nodded to in ''Film/StarTrekInsurrection'', where the yacht on the ''Enterprise''-E is called the ''Cousteau''.
** ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'':
*** Captain Janeway's actress Kate Mulgrew has said she thinks Janeway is bipolar due to the character's inconsistent characterization.
*** Garrett Wang campaigned to be the first gay Starfleet officer, but the execs said no way. (Similar instances happened on TNG and ENT.) His own view is that Harry's a closeted gay man who pursues unattainable women as a means of avoiding his feelings for Tom.
* DarrenCriss, who plays Blaine on ''Series/{{Glee}}'', said in an interview that Blaine's last name is Anderson quite some time before it was ever mentioned on the actual show. Likely it was chosen by the writers before being mentioned.
* In a ''Series/{{Firefly}}'' commentary, Alan Tudyk gives a semi-serious speculation on what Wash was up to during the Unification War: he got a job ferrying supplies (for which side isn't clear), but was shot down on his first mission and spent the rest of the war in prison, where he survived Scherazade-like with his puppet shows. Many fans added this to their {{Fanon}}.
* In ''Series/BlakesSeven'' it is generally believed that Avon survived the events of the final episode. This is probably due to the fact that at least two different sources (an Expanded Universe novel, and the actual attempt at a continuation--spearheaded by Paul Darrow) both used this as a premise for further stories. Therefore this has a bit more traction that theories about other characters surviving, which haven't managed to rise above fanon.
* Gaius being Merlin's uncle on ''{{Series/Merlin}}''. It was never said onscreen or by the creators, but Richard Wilson, who plays Gaius, said it.
* Russell Johnson has assured us that the Professor on ''GilligansIsland'' was intentionally meant to be asexual as the producers of the show didn't want any mention of sex.
* ''DoctorWho'' Producer John Nathan Turner was the source of the phrase "There is no hanky panky aboard the TARDIS". It was even mentioned in a 1984 issue of Time Magazine. This makes the widespread assumption that the Doctor (especially in the classic series) is asexual more than just mere fan speculation.
* ''Series/{{House}}'': Hugh Laurie once said that he thought that House was just as likely to get together with Wilson as with Cuddy or Cameron. The actual writers never said anything either way on that topic, however.

* When Michael Tilson Thomas arranged and recorded some long neglected versions of compositions by GeorgeGershwin, he recurred to Gershwin's brother and lyricist Ira Gershwin to understand George's original intentions in writing the music.
* [[JohnLennon John Lennon's]] song-writing has often been explained and/or interpreted to the eager public by his ex-bandmates (one of them named Paul!), ex-wives, recording crew, childhood friends, etc...

* The actress who originated Patrice in ''Theatre/{{Thirteen}}'' has said that her characters last name is Parker, though the script lists only first names for all the characters.
* The {{Theatre/Mrs Hawking}} play series: [[https://fidelishaereticus.wordpress.com Frances Kimpel]], the original actor to portray Mrs Hawking, has [[http://www.mrshawking.com/?p=1033 some very insightful things to say]] in an interview about the nature of her character.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* A developer for Infinity Ward has stated that Captain Price from ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare'' is the grandson of the original Captain Price. And when Price's voice actor was asked about what happened to Price and what his motivations were, he stated that Price was put in a gulag for two years at some point after ''Call of Duty 4'' (instead of ''5'' as most players assumed, meaning he was captured in 2014 rather than 2011) and that the experience left him rather unhinged and he is willing to do anything to win the war at this point.
* The infamous {{retcon}} of the prison books in ''VideoGame/{{Myst}}'' also qualify. In the first two games, they were established as one-man prisons in an endless void. By the time ''VideoGame/MystIV'' comes along, Sirrus and Achenar's books are transformed into fully developed Ages and their original function is [[BroadStrokes vaguely explained away]] by Dr. Watson.
* Daniel Cabuco, the art director and artist for three games out of five now acts as this concerning the ''VideoGame/LegacyOfKain'' series.
* Whether or not Nero from DevilMayCry is Vergil's son is a matter of much debate. So far the idea has been confirmed by an official artbook, the official novelization by the game's lead writer as well as a statement by a translator but only strongly implied in-game. [[BrokenBase A part of the fanbase]] that vehemently opposes the idea frequently invokes this trope against any of the evidence.
* In ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'', the two main writers of in-game books of Ted Peterson (who was also lead designer of the first game and lead producer of the second) and Michael Kirkbride, sometimes post new lore on the forums. While not officially canon (since most of it isn't in the games themselves), it is seen as such by some fans. A collection of the works can be [[http://www.imperial-library.info/obscure_text/ found here]].
* The [[ShesAManInJapan Harpuia gender mixup]] in the ''MegaManZero'' series was the result of this, where false information came from ''an'' official source (Capcom of America) but not ''the'' official source (the creators). For the record, he's male.
* For the ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series we have the Fallout bibles, compiled by Chris Avellone before Bethesda gained the rights to the setting and made ''Fallout 3''. These documents are a hodgepodge of early development ideas, concepts which did not make it into the game and Avellone's own pet theories, which are sometimes contradictory. Avellone himself was one of several designers for ''Fallout 2'' and had no involvement with the first game. Nevertheless, some fans consider everything mentioned in the bibles to be canon. It probably doesn't help that the use of the term "bible" is inaccurate here; In TV land a "bible" is a brief document put together by a show's creators containing the immutable basics of the setting and characters as a guide for guest screenwriters. The Fallout bibles are not.
* TroyBaker, the voice actor for Kanji from ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}'' stated that he was told by the voice director to act as if Kanji were gay. This has led to a number of people, including ExtraCredits, taking that as canon, even though the official WordOfGod is that Kanji's sexuality is [[AmbiguouslyGay deliberately ambiguous.]]
* There's no official word on Wingul's sexuality in ''VideoGame/TalesOfXillia'', but his English voice actor, Creator/KaijiTang, has said that "his is the love story in the game" and occasionally reblogs sad Gaius/Wingul fanart on his tumblr.
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands 2}}'': Gaige is voiced by both Creator/LuciChristian and Creator/CheramiLeigh, and both credited as such in the game's credit screens. When asked why this is, Cherami confirmed that Gearbox brought her in to redub all of Luci's lines, who they felt didn't have the "Rebellious Teenager" edge in her voice that they wanted the character to have. Gaige was a pre-order bonus character, which meant she was finished and ready to be played when the game launched. It was quickly apparent that Luci's dialogue was left in the game, and it turned out to just be a last minute oversight to switch out the dialogue. Just a simple oversight. By that time though, it was already too late, so they decided to give Luci credit and just roll with it. Cherami thinks that it's rather fitting for a girl's voice to change the more [[PowerHigh she goes crazy-mad with power]].[[note]]If Borderlands 2 did ''NOT'' have online capabilities, and was entirely a single or local-multiplayer game, then they could have patched out Luci's dialogue if the game were to be given an UpdatedRerelease later on. However, since the game does feature online capabilities where other players are able to hear Luci's lines being spoken, it would be a dick move to patch her dialogue out so that only Cherami could be heard at all times.[[/note]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* Long before Candace and Jeremy were an established couple in ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'', Jeremy's voice actor commented that Jeremy liked Candace back. Of course, it really wasn't all that hard to figure out, but still.
* Much of the staff of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' is active on Twitter and DeviantArt, notably Creator/TaraStrong and [[https://twitter.com/MMeghanMcCarthy Meghan McCarthy]].
** Creator/LaurenFaust, among other things, said that she considers [[TheOneGuy Spike]] to have been raised by [[GodEmperor Celestia]] after Twilight hatched him, but is quick to clarify that anything she says after leaving the show's staff is only her personal interpretations and ''not'' to be taken as WordOfGod.
** Celestia's VA Nicole Oliver stated Celestia's favorite music is '80s metal.
* Eric Trueheart, who worked on ''WesternAnimation/InvaderZim,'' says that one story they might have used would involve [[HeroAntagonist Dib]] finding out that he was an ArtificialHuman created by his father, [[ReluctantMadScientist Professor Membrane]]. Many fans regard this as canon, and, since Dib and Membrane look alike, add a {{Fanon}} spin where he's a clone. The show was LeftHanging with several episodes unfinished, whether left as a voice recording, script or just a creator idea. Most fans consider them canon.
* '*WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'':
** Mae Whitman has done this twice with Katara. According to her, Katara got her FirstKiss from [[AllGirlsWantBadBoys Jet]], and Aang and Katara did kiss in the "Cave of Two Lovers" episode when the lights went down. Grey [=DeLisle=] has also done this with Azula. According to her, Azula does, in fact, love Ty Lee. She has also made several audio recordings in Azula's voice about their romantic relationship.
** Zuko's voice actor, DanteBasco has regularly answered questions about his character. According to him, Zuko fell in love with Katara and he believes they are soulmates even if they did not end up with each other in canon.
* Olivia Olson, voice actress for Marceline of AdventureTime, [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_EleCNWfwTY has confirmed that]] Marceline and Princess Bubblegum used to date.

[[folder: Real Life]]
* Literature/TheBible:
** St. Paul is the TropeNamer, and there's a lot of debate about whether his opinions, particularly those about women, reflect those of {{Jesus}}, considering that St. Paul never met Jesus (aside from a vision) and did not meet any of the original apostles until quite far into his career, and in fact started his career as a persecutor of Christians. At any rate, the Christian community of his time, some of whom knew Jesus, did accept his writings.
** There are also St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine, who codified many of the basic tenets of the faith such as the trinity.
** Then there are the founders and significant figures of all the other of the numerous sects and offshoots of the Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox groups, as well as the sects and offshoots that don't identify with the three larger classifications.
* Izo Iburi was this for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenrikyo Tenrikyo]] after the foundress Nakayama Mikiís death.
* The most famous non-media example (apart from St. Paul) is probably Friedrich Engels. He worked closely with Creator/KarlMarx, and did a lot to popularise and explain Marx's theories. However, he didn't have Marx's philosophical schooling, and thus misunderstood several elements, and made those misunderstandings stick around. To Engels' credit, there was probably no one else around who could do even remotely such a good job.
* Psychoanalyst Anna Freud was this for the ideas and writings of her father [[UsefulNotes/SigmundFreud Sigmund]].
* Want to know why Creator/FriedrichNietzsche is associated with Nazis, when he had stated that he was against antisemitism and nationalism? His sister married into the Nazi ideology and twisted his philosophy to support said ideology. Rather than interpreting his works questionably, she edited and obviously contradicted them.
* The philosopher Creator/{{Socrates}} believed in communicating his ideas only through [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socratic_method live discussion]], so his student Creator/{{Plato}} is the one who wrote down his teachings, inevitably according to his own understanding of them.