[[quoteright:350:[[Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ghostbusters6.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:They're ready to believe you!]]
->'''Prosecutor:''' So what you're saying is that the world of the supernatural is your exclusive province?\\
'''Peter:''' Kitten, I think that what I'm saying is that: sometimes, shit happens, someone has to deal with it, and who you gonna call?
-->-- ''Film/GhostbustersII''

All kinds of ThingsThatGoBumpInTheNight seem to plague the media. It seems you can't throw a TV remote without hitting ghosts, [[OurVampiresAreDifferent vampires]], TheLegionsOfHell, {{aliens|AndMonsters}}, or some other type of [[AliensAndMonsters monster]]. Fortunately, wherever there are monsters, there's likely to be people who hunt them, and [[TagLine they ain't afraid of no ghosts.]]

These folks tend to come in a number of distinct varieties:

# TheChosenOne, who is also often the HunterOfMonsters.
# A small band of concerned but "average" citizens who have taken it upon themselves to deal with the threat(s). The ones who survive long enough can also graduate to [[HunterOfMonsters Hunter]] status or become an OccultDetective. May opt to [[WeHelpTheHelpless Help The Helpless]].
# The Freelanced Professional, someone who's been in the business of hunting and fighting vampires, werewolves, wizards, and aliens for a long time, usually was part of the former at some point. Often a [[HunterOfMonsters Hunter]] or OccultDetective. Not really a part of any organization (might be loosely) that hunts them, but usually has a network of friends, experts, and allies to help him out.
# A quasi-governmental [[TheMenInBlack Agency]] or Secret Society which both deals with the threat(s) and actively strives to keep the citizenry at large ignorant. Often headed up by DaChief, with a CowboyCop protagonist who has been newly recruited from the local police force.
# [[ChurchMilitant Priests and Nuns who kick ass]] who worship a [[MissionFromGod Deity or at least follow a religious paradigm]] that does ''not'' approve of such blasphemies.
# In TheUnmasquedWorld, government-sanctioned (or possibly non-sanctioned) CapeBusters or the MutantDraftBoard (in variants tilted towards supernatural horrors rather than metahumans) may be called in to deal with it.

Of course, {{Muggles}} [[{{Masquerade}} don't tend to be aware]] of the existence of the threat, so types 1-5 are often perceived as kooks, often of the AgentMulder brand. Still, [[WaxingLyrical if there's something strange in your neighbourhood...]]

See also CreatureHunterOrganization and ParanormalInvestigation. Compare OccultDetective and often related to DemonSlaying. If they're good enough, they may boast WeDoTheImpossible.


[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* In ''Anime/DevilHunterYohko'', Yohko's best friend, [[{{meganekko}} Chigako]], appoints herself as her manager and starts by trying to promote her as a professional demon slayer, by taking out an ad in the paper. She also tries to make recordings of Yohko's battles, to showcase her abilities, in order to build Yohko's reputation. Though it usually ends up putting Chigako in harm's way, [[UnwantedAssistance or simply makes Yohko's job more difficult.]]
* Anime/FirstSquad, a Russian counter-occult special force consisting of five teenagers, set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. [[spoiler: Only one of them lasts more than fifteen minutes into the first film, but luckily she can channel the [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] of her comrades.]]
* In ''Anime/GaReiZero'', two anti-paranormal organizations consist of the Ministry of Defense's Paranormal Disaster Countermeasure Headquarters, staffed by actual Self-Defense Forces officers/soldiers/staff with a few agents who have the ability to detect and see spirits while using weapons and military equipment that have been customized to fight demons. The other is the Ministry of Environment's Supernatural Disaster Countermeasures Division, consisting of agents who can see supernatural entities while relying on custom-made anti-demon weapons and equipment. Both anti-paranormal organizations have access to vehicles that can be used for traveling around Japan such as Chinook helicopters permanently posted to the [=PDCH=] while the [=SDCD=] has access to Humvees.
* Shibuya Psychic Research from ''Manga/GhostHunt'', as well as the various other exorcists/investigators who often accompany them.
* ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya'': This is, technically, the intent of the SOS Brigade. Thanks to their leader they tend to make things much worse whenever they actual get a case.
* The titular character of ''Manga/HellTeacherNube'', Meisuke "Nube" Nueno, is a very well-known and respected exorcist. Even though [[{{Obake}} Japanese folklore]] already gravitates towards him, his school (Doumori Elementary,) and his students, people from far and wide seek him out to keep him from having too much free time. Also, [[spoiler:his father]] is a ''world''-renowned warrior monk and spiritualist; his fame is so great the media constantly hounds him and he even has fanclubs among Nube's students.
** By the end of the manga, [[spoiler:Nube has moved to another town, leaving the responsibility to protect Doumori to [[TheRival Tamamo]] and Izuna]].
* The ''Manga/{{Hellsing}}'' Organization fights a secret war to protect Queen and Country from Vampires... with ''{{Dracula}}'' as their best agent.
* In the Franchise/{{Nasuverse}} the [[ChurchMilitant Burial Agency]] and the Magus Association's Enforcers are the main agencies that police the supernatural. Their main jobs are containing Dead Apostles, eliminating rogue magi, and maintaining the {{Masquerade}} by [[LaserGuidedAmnesia hypnotizing]] or {{killed|ToUpholdTheMasquerade}} any {{muggle|s}} witnesses. When demons were more common, several clans in Japan were dedicated to hunting them.
* This is the purpose of the Hero Association in ''Manga/OnePunchMan''. Their effectiveness varies a lot though.
* ''Anime/PhantomQuestCorp'' is a for profit organization that'll take [[ParanormalInvestigation any case dealing with the paranormal]], or the supernatural. Incidentally, the show's intro just happens to be their ad!
* The Tendo Dojo of the ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' universe seems to be the standard place to go in Nerima for demon and ghost sightings. It's stated that battling such things is the responsibility of the "true martial artist," whatever ''that'' is. [[note]]In {{Fanon}}, it's one of two options: Either it's an excuse for Genma and/or Soun to make Ranma do it, or Ranma honestly believes it is something he must do. Note that the two options are ''not'' mutually exclusive...[[/note]]
** Specific example: "Mystery of the Marauding Octopus Pot" {{Filler}} story, from both manga and anime. Ranma, Soun and Genma are hired to come to a seaside village and deal with a living octopus pot that has been stealing all sorts of things, namely food and women's underwear. Soun and Genma promptly take to their private room and lounge around eating seafood, while Ranma, expressing disdain for their attitude, goes and uses his GenderBender {{Curse}} to stake out the women's baths in order to lure out the lecherous monster. [[spoiler: It turns out to be DirtyOldMan [[MiniatureSeniorCitizens Happosai]], raiding the village to care for a beautiful moocher (anime version) or because he's a dick (manga).]]
* ''LightNovel/RentalMagica'' is about a "magical problem solving" business, and it started with hunting a runaway "[[HellHound dog]]", then many of other missions were--or ended up being--about fighting some or other monster (when it wasn't about fighting some crazy wizard).
* ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'': [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ic0uSrw4zUg Yusuke and friends provide]] a DemonSlaying service.

[[folder: Comic Book]]
* The ComicBook/{{BPRD}} and their most famous agent, ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}, fall into the third variation of this.
* Comicbook/DoctorStrange is the go-to guy for dealing with most supernatural threats in the Franchise/MarvelUniverse, and people often come directly to him to deal with their supernatural problems. And since he's the Sorcerer Supreme, it's pretty much in his job description. Or Brother Voodoo if Strange isn't around.
* ''Comicbook/HackSlash'': a comic book about a former FinalGirl who becomes a slasher-hunter.
%%* ComicBook/AtomicRobo and [[strike:his Tesladyne [[WeAreTeamCannonFodder Action Scientists]]]] [[HyperCompetentSidekick Jenkins]].
* Franchise/TheDCU has a ''ton'' of people on hand to deal with this sort of thing. ComicBook/DoctorFate, ComicBook/ThePhantomStranger, [[Comicbook/{{Hellblazer}} John Constantine]], hell, even ''Franchise/{{Batman}}''.
* ''Comicbook/TwoThousandAD's'' ''Caballistics, Inc.'' Also Devlin Waugh.
* [[TheWorldIsAlwaysDoomed So your planet is about to get devoured again.]] [[Comicbook/FantasticFour Who you gonna call?]]
* In cases of victims of psychic attacks, [[ComicBook/XMen Professor Charles Xavier]] is usually the only expert in the Franchise/MarvelUniverse who can treat such casualties.
* In ''ComicBook/{{AXIS}}'', this ends up being Hobgoblin's big shtick as he realizes that GoodFeelsGood and he turns self-help guru.

[[folder: Fan Works]]
* In ''Fanfic/ChildOfTheStorm'', it becomes something of a RunningGag for one character or another to have Xavier recommended to them as either a teacher or more frequently, a therapist, since he's pretty much the only therapist in the superhuman community - though as Harry points out when this is [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]], he's also the best.
** [=MI13=] tend to be the ones who are called in to handle superhuman and/or supernatural nonsense in Britain, to the increasing disgruntlement of the Ministry.
** Harry Dresden is the man who investigates the weird in Chicago as part of his OccultDetective shtick, though even SHIELD sometimes turn to him for his near-unrivalled skills as a supernatural tracker.
*** His later teacher [[spoiler: and girlfriend]] Wanda Maximoff is suggested to have spent most of the last decade and a half dabbling in this too.
* "Who Ya Gonna Call?" was a 1988 fan story for the ''Series/DoctorWho'' fanzine Time Log that paired the sixth Doctor and Peri with the Real Ghostbusters. They're both investigating strange goings on in Arkham, Mass., although the Doctor resolutely refuses to believe in ghosts.
* In a MissingTrailerScene for the HalloweenEpisode of ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'', Calvin claimed he was going to call the Ghostbusters, but Hobbes [[YouFool called him a fool]] as it was [[HorrorDoesntSettleForSimpleTuesday their busiest night]].

[[folder:Film - Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Beowulf 2007}}'': "I'm here to kill your monster."

[[folder: Film - Live-Action]]
* "If there's something strange... in your neighborhood... [[TropeNamers who you gonna call?]]" "'''[[Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}} GHOSTBUSTERS!]]'''" Probably the most well-known "concerned citizens" example. Although they're also making money off it and for that reason, they encourage the {{muggles}} finding out! The Ghostbusters were spoofed briefly in ''Film/{{Casper}}'', when Ghostbuster Ray Stantz (Creator/DanAykroyd's character) got run out of the haunted mansion by the Ghostly Trio, he told the new owners:
--> "Who you gonna call? [[SubvertedCatchphrase Someone else!]]"
* Peter Vincent in ''Film/FrightNight1985'', although he gets dragged into it unwillingly.
* Just like in the comics, the Bureau of Paranormal Research and Defense in ''Film/{{Hellboy}}''.
* The Frog Brothers in ''Film/TheLostBoys''. Teenage vampire hunters, they state "We're dedicated to a higher purpose. We're fighters for truth, justice, and the American way."
* ''Film/MenInBlack'' takes the "secret government agency" approach, with the titular agency having the dual role of protecting the Earth from malevolent aliens and keeping those benevolent aliens living on the planet from being discovered.
* The Boys from ''Film/BadTaste'' (not to be confused with the comic of the same name by Creator/GarthEnnis), who respond to threats from outer space.
* In the Dead Gentlemen series Demon Hunters, the aforementioned Hunters of Demons are the Brotherhood of the Celestial Torch - an official branch of Heaven that deals with Hell's agents. "You've heard of Hell's Angels? Well, we're... [[{{Metaphorgotten}} Heaven's Demons]]."
* The title character in ''Film/TheExorcist''.
* TheChurch in ''Film/JohnCarpentersVampires.''
%%* ''Film/TheMonsterSquad''
* ''Film/AbrahamLincolnVampireHunter'' is about...[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Abraham Lincoln hunting vampires]]. The only other hunter shown in the film is Henry, the guy who trains Lincoln, though it's sort of implied that Henry recruits and trains other hunters on a regular basis.
* Newt Scamander, an expert on magical creatures, in ''Film/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'', seems to be the magical equivalent of an animal control expert.

[[folder: Literature ]]
* ''Literature/{{Beowulf}}''. The eponymous hero takes on the demon Grendel, Grendel's mother, and eventually a dragon; not in self-defense but because he wants to.
* Most investigators in the ''Franchise/CthulhuMythos'' either die or go insane just by learning about the cosmic horrors. However, several stories feature characters who actively fight back against the Mythos. One is Derleth's Professor Shrewsbury, another is Policeman-turned-occult hunter Inspector Legrasse (yes, the same one that turns up in ''Call of Cthulhu''). Brian Lumley wrote about both Occultist Titus Crowe and the Wilmarth Foundation, both dedicated to stopping the various Mythos threats.
* The title character of ''Literature/DirkGentlysHolisticDetectiveAgency'' is actually running a hustle to bank on people's credulity, not quite a 'concerned citizen'. Yet he manages to get into, and solve, mysteries the only solution to which are supernatural agents.
* [[Literature/TheDresdenFiles Harry Dresden]]. To quote his Yellow Pages ad: "Harry Dresden--Wizard. Lost Items Found. Paranormal Investigations. Consulting. Advice. Reasonable Rates. No {{Love Potion}}s, [[BagOfHolding Endless Purses]], or Other Entertainment." If you need a cop, call 911. If you need a miracle, call Harry Dresden. There's also [[ChurchMilitant the Knights of the Cross]], though you don't usually call for their help so much as [[BigDamnHeroes they show up at exactly the right moment to save the day.]] [[GodIsGood Working for the Almighty gives you]] [[ContrivedCoincidence a good sense of timing.]]
* Spike Stoker in Creator/JasperFforde's ''Literature/ThursdayNext''.
* Spoofed, along with every other existing trope ever, by Creator/TerryPratchett. This particular trope gets its turn in ''Discworld/ReaperMan'':
-->"Who is he going to call! ''We're'' the wizards around here."
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': The Aurors of the Ministry of Magic are mostly magical law enforcement (they apprehend dark wizards). The books mention many other departments of the Ministry of Magic that deal with magical creatures and spirits for the sake of the Wizarding (and Muggle) community.
* Literature/FelixCastor in his novels.
* One ''Franchise/StarWars'' novel, Destiny's Way, gives us this quote.
-->Well, what happens if you need a diplomat who can also practice philosophy, fight with a lightsaber, and levitate small objects? Who else are you going to call but us?
* ''Literature/LabyrinthsOfEcho'' by Max Frei has the protagonist working in the "Minor Secret Investigations Forces". They deal with magical crime (you don't send normal policemen against an insane wizard capable of blowing up a city block or raising a cadaver army) and variety of dangerous monsters--and sometimes one leads to another. As to the ghosts, they are rarely lucid, thus some end up as targets; on the other hand, the best-performing branch (in a bustling port city at that) of Secret Investigations itself is composed entirely of mages' ghosts.
* Van Helsing in ''Literature/{{Dracula}}'', though originally as a consultant on abnormal medical phenomenon rather than a vampire hunter. Luckily, he also happens to be the latter, too, and formally initiates his 5 new friends into a team of vampire busters.
* In Creator/WilliamHopeHodgson's ''Literature/CarnackiTheGhostFinder'' stories, the title character functioned as this, and more than anything else resembled a cross between the Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}} and Franchise/SherlockHolmes.
* Not coincidentally, Creator/SimonRGreen's latest series features ghost-hunting investigators from a government-affiliated agency called [[ShoutOut the Carnacki Institute]].
** Green's ''Hawk & Fisher'' fantasy tale ''The God Killer'' features the God Squad, a special unit of Haven's police force who deal with supernatural phenomena and entities.
* Literature/JakubWedrowycz is an amateur exorcist, and yet one of the most effective experts in his profession in the world. The setting also includes traditional priest exorcists, while Jakub is just an old drunkard who makes a living by making moonshine, but he's not any less effective - though his methods rely less on religious rituals and more on CrazyAwesome blunt force (well, that and some RitualMagic).
* A couple of short fantasy novels, ''Ogre Castle'' and ''In The Sea Nymph's Lair'', featured a wizard-and-apprentice team who specialized in exorcising the many, many ghosts left behind by a recent war among archmages.
* [[Literature/JohnDiesAtTheEnd John and Dave.]]
* The Raven Corporation in ''Ravencraft''.
* Literature/RepairmanJack has been ''pushed'' into this role by the machinations of the Otherness and the Ally, although he'd far rather be "fixing" mundane problems for his customers. He doesn't advertise his services against supernatural threats, but people keep referring anyone with that kind of problem to him anyway.
* Grettir from ''Literature/TheSagaOfGrettirTheStrong'' makes a habit of dispatching undeads and trolls.
%% * The Shadowhunters from ''Literature/TheMortalInstruments'' and ''Literature/TheInfernalDevices''.
* The titular company and others like it from ''Literature/MonsterHunterInternational''.
* [[Franchise/TheWitcher Witchers]] alter themselves physical discipline, meditation and alchemy to be develop the enhanced abilities and magic to fight monsters. Though they traditionally do this for a fee, the fee is at their discretion and can be suited to what the employer can afford; for example expecting gold from lords and kings, but saving a peasant's farm for a home-cooked meal.
* There are plenty of agencies of them in ''Literature/LockwoodAndCo'', which is set in an AlternateUniverse where hauntings have become rampant.
* In ''Literature/{{Pact}}'', Andy and Eva, two local [[TheWitchHunter witch hunters]] in the small town of Jacob's Bell, are supplied and trained by a loose organization of Canadian hunters of the supernatural based out of Montreal.

[[folder:Live-Action TV ]]
* One episode of ''Series/{{Beetleborgs}}'' featured a "Dr. Buster Zapper", a ghostbuster-like phasm hunter hired by Trip and Van to capture Flabber. [[spoiler: In reality, he was a SnakeOilSalesman who didn't know squat about real ghosts.]]
* ''Series/BlueSWAT'', where the main organization of the same name is a police unit dedicated to conducting anti-alien black ops.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'': Theoretically backed by a Secret Society, and in one season an official government Agency turns up as well. The phrase itself is {{lampshade|Hanging}}d in "The Killer In Me":
--> '''Buffy:''' No, it's not a book thing. It's a phone thing.
--> '''Spike:''' Who you gonna call ''(beat)'' God, that phrase is never going to be usable again, is it?
--> '''Buffy:''' Doubt it.
* ''Series/{{Angel}}'': Despite being the {{Trope Namer|s}} for WeHelpTheHelpless, most of the time Angel was involved as a [[TheChosenOne Chosen One]]. Early on he followed visions sent by PowersThatBe. Prophecies tended to replace the visions as a motive force later, prompting [[YouCantFightFate fate-]][[{{Pun}} al]] conflict on all sides.
* ''Series/FridayThe13thTheSeries'': Concerned Citizens attempting to recover cursed artifacts.
* ''Series/{{Fringe}}'': Covert government agency.
** Actually spoken by Walter Bishop (played by John Noble) in one episode.
** Also, in the AlternateUniverse, where the freaky "laws of physics are falling apart" kind of events are so common and powerful they couldn't be kept in secret from the public anymore, the Alt-Fringe Division actually has a specific emergency number for these events, so, in case you see a blackhole-like vortex in your neighborhood, call 711.
* Long before [[SimilarlyNamedWorks the Columbia Pictures version]], Creator/{{Filmation}} (usually an animation company) created a live-action series called ''The Ghost Busters'' which starred Forrest Tucker and Larry Storch, who both previously starred in the sitcom ''Series/FTroop''. It would go on to inspire Filmation's later animated series (called simply, ''[[WesternAnimation/FilmationsGhostbusters Ghostbusters]]''), which was created when the Columbia version became a hit (well, there's a bit more to it than just that, but you get the idea).
* ''Good Vs Evil''
* TheSixties TV series ''Series/TheInvaders'' featured a lone Concerned Citizen fighting alien infiltration. Just as he started to gain some helpers, the show was canceled.
%%* ''Series/TheInvisibleMan'': The [[Creator/{{Syfy}} Sci Fi Channel]] series.
%%* ''Series/KolchakTheNightStalker''
%%* ''Series/TheMiddleman''
%%* ''Series/{{Sanctuary}}''
%%* ''Series/SevenDays'': Occasionally; most of their problems were human-inspired.
%%* ''Series/{{Special Unit 2}}''
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'': The hunters are a very loosely-organised network of freelance humans who've made it their mission in life to track down and kill supernatural menaces. Rather than being called, they tend to show up on witnesses' doorsteps while posing as regular authorities in order to get more info.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** The Doctor is the freelance professional (or "ancient amateur") variety. They tend to show up based on the whims of their sentient time machine, but a handful of people know how to contact them on purpose. {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d in "Army of Ghosts" where the Doctor quotes this title. Called by name again in "Last Christmas". The Twelfth Doctor is much more overtly conscious of playing this role than some of his predecessors were.
** UNIT, especially in the Third Doctor era, where he was grounded on Earth for a significant period and worked as their advisor against alien threats. They continue to show up intermittently to this day.
** The revival has other groups that try to track the Doctor specifically. Both fall under the 'concerned citizen' status. [[spoiler:Neither has a huge survival rate once the other alien horrors start showing up.]]
* ''Series/{{Torchwood}}'' was established by Queen Victoria to deal with the supernatural threats to her empire, following an encounter with the Doctor and a werewolf. While she resolved to never speak of such incidents, she intended to be prepared for them. However, they are ''laughably'' unprepared to fight the Daleks and Cybermen, and wiped out in the first story they appear in. Then one branch of it is brought back and gets its own series. Since it's led by [[AntiHero Captain]] [[ExperiencedProtagonist Jack]] [[AsskickingEqualsAuthority Harkness]], they actually get things done.
* In ''Series/TheSarahJaneAdventures'', Sarah Jane Smith and her friends are also concerned citizens. Sarah doesn't trust MIB-agencies like UNIT and Torchwood to deal with things sensibly ("Too many guns").
* And of course ''Series/TheXFiles''.
* Series/{{Batman}} was literally called via the Bat-phone in the 1960s' television series, and usually to battle only bizarre supercrime.
* The Enigma Corporation in ''Series/LostTapes'' are a security firm who deal with the unexplained. The two veteran members seen are both GenreSavvy and completely badass, surviving three supernatural monster attacks and [[DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu even defeating an Aztec God]]. Rookie or non-combat trained members are normally {{Red Shirt}}s, however.
* Detective Nick Burkhardt from ''Series/{{Grimm}}'' is a cop and ALSO the latest in a line of slayers of fairy-tale-type creatures. Although rather than slaying them, he mostly tries to reason with them, or arrest them if they've committed a crime.
* ''Series/{{Charmed}}'': The Charmed Ones, of course, but when ''they'' need to get rid of evil spirits that plague the manor, they call upon the services of a witch doctor. He is actually described as someone who gets rid of the ThingsThatGoBumpInTheNight.
* Every time someone has a problem may call Series/ElChapulinColorado by saying always the same CatchPhrase: "Oh, ¿y ahora, quien podrá defenderme?" [Aw, and now, who could defend me?]. These problems often include supernatural creatures or aliens.

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* The trope is enormously popular in tabletop games in general.
* The ''Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}}'' RPG (and its EvenBetterSequel ''Ghostbusters International'') casts the players as owners of a local Ghostbusters franchise; busting ghosts for clients, fending off the EPA and desperately trying to wriggle out of spurious fees that the main office thinks up to drain money from the players' coffers.
* The players in the RPG ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' usually fall into the "concerned citizens" category, unless they work for the modern day agency ''TabletopGame/DeltaGreen''.
%%** ''TabletopGame/TrailOfCthulhu'' is similar.
* 1st edition ''TabletopGame/{{Chill}}'' had the Societas Argenti Viae Eternitata (SAVE), an organization similar to the Hoffman Institute, below.
* The ''TabletopGame/ConspiracyX'' RPG features government agents versus aliens.
* The Eldritch Society in TabletopGame/{{Cthulhutech}} is a non-governmental version three, who suffer the small problem that the government currently wouldn't distinguish them from the real nasties, due to their use of the supernatural in their hunts (arguably quite justifiably, their main weapons are summoned organisms that eat the hosts half the time and merge with them the other half) and their fear that the government is too cult corrupted to be trusted.
* Department-7 from ''TabletopGame/{{d20 Modern}}'' often falls under this trope though its exact layout depends on the campaign in question, but it always deals with whatever the campaign at the time revolves around. It's layout depends on what campaign the characters are participating in. In ''Shadow Chasers'' and ''Urban Arcana'', it deals primarily with supernatural threats (The difference between the two settings is whether or not ''the players'' are supernatural.) In ''Agents of Psi'' it has a charter for Psionic agents.
** Similarly, the Hoffman Institute from ''TabletopGame/DarkMatter'' investigates strange phenomena. Both Department-7 and the Hoffman Institute (may) exist in the same continuity.
** The ''d20 Modern'' SRD also has an organisation called the Fraternal Order Of Vigilance, which inverts this trope by being more of a [[FantasticRacism hate group]].
* ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}'' features posses of concerned citizens making the West safe from fear and creatures of the night.
* The Imperium ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' faces daemons, aliens, and mutants as daily (and serious) threats, to the point that two branches of the Inquisition, the Ordo Malleus and Ordo Xenos specialize in hunting down and destroying daemons and aliens, and have their own specialized military forces-the Grey Knights and Deathwatch, respectively. The Sisters of Battle also qualify to an extent.
** The Ordo Hereticus (the third branch of the Inquisition) is responsible for hunting down cultists, mutants and... well.. heretics.
** Of course, [[KillEmAll given]] [[EarthShatteringKaboom their]] [[KillItWithFire methods]], you may not exactly [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled WANT]] to call them. When you ''do'', it's a tell-tale sign that [[GodzillaThreshold things have gone horribly awry]].
* The Crab Clan of ''TabletopGame/LegendOfTheFiveRings'' is dedicated to protecting Rokugan from the dread corrupting supernatural forces of the Shadowlands.
* ''Tabletopgame/LittleFears'' features concerned citizen monster hunters still in grade school.
* The Troubleshooters of ''TabletopGame/{{Paranoia}}'' exist for the purpose of rooting out Commie mutant traitors. Hope no one finds out they ''are'' Commie mutant traitors...
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'', Ares Macrotechnology maintains a number of tactical military units dedicated to finding and eradicating bug spirit nests.
* The TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness had a number of hunter groups, with one particular type of hunter getting their own gameline in ''TabletopGame/HunterTheReckoning''. The [[TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness new WoD]] has ''TabletopGame/HunterTheVigil'', a game allowing for the creation of virtually any hunter type. On top of that, the default gametype for nWoD is playing as normal humans -- given the setting, these are most likely either Concerned Citizen hunters (who may graduate into the Vigil, and thus become slightly more organized and effective concerned citizens with the potential to become something more)... or Supernaturals-to-be back when they were still normal.
** ''TabletopGame/{{Orpheus}}'' plays very strongly into this trope as well; people can hire ghostly agents who can communicate with restless spirits, or, depending on the circumstances, fumigate them.
** ''TabletopGame/GeistTheSinEaters'' also uses elements of this. [[ISeeDeadPeople Sin-Eaters]] tend to be a bit more lax about the {{Masquerade}} than other supernaturals, and some of them pass themselves off as ghost hunters, mediums, and exorcists in order to get a better handle of the ghostly ecology of their respective city.
** The fangame ''TabletopGame/GeniusTheTransgression'' has the Karnackis, a group of [[MadScientist Geniuses]] who do this, named after the original [[Literature/CarnackiTheGhostFinder Carnacki]] if misspelled.
* Many of the secret societies of ''TabletopGame/SeventhSea'' are dedicated to hunting the supernatural.
* ''Bureau 13: Stalking the Night Fantastic'' has a top secret U.S. government agency hunting paranormal monsters.
* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} Black Ops'' had a top secret agency called "The Company" that fought supernatural monsters and aliens.

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* All three Secret Societies in ''VideoGame/TheSecretWorld'' are Type 3. They all deal with paranormal threats and occult disasters all while controlling the world from the shadows and keeping the truth from the general public. TheIlluminati does this to [[PragmaticVillainy keep themselves in power]] and [[StatusQuoIsGod maintain the status quo.]] The [[KnightTemplar Templars]] believes it's their sworn duty to [[HunterOfMonsters fight and protect humanity against all evil]]. The [[TheChessmaster Dragon]] on the other hand, wants to keep the occult and paranormal activities from mucking up their already planned equations and models. They will sometimes send in one of their [[PlayerCharacter agents]] just to see [[SpannerInTheWorks what will happen]].
* The eponymous shop from ''Franchise/DevilMayCry'' hunts demons and devils for a fee. Apparently the business has been confused for a more generic WeHelpTheHelpless outfit before, hence Dante having a password that only those really needing demons slain would get. The Order of the Sword from the fourth game is supposed to act this way for the island of Fortuna, but it is eventually shown to be somewhat dubious. It has been suggested, at least in the questionably canon expanded materials like the novels, that there are other little demon-hunting outfits in the universe.
* The Brimstone Society which the [[{{Pun}} titular]] character from VideoGame/{{Bloodrayne}} works for.
* ''VideoGame/GabrielKnight'', the archetypical Chosen One example for this category. Because he's the [[LastOfHisKind last surviving Schattenjäger]] ("shadow hunter"). The second game mentions that in the past Schattenjägers used to belong to categories 2, 4 and 5, being a group of pretty average people (if you forget a large library and a single powerful talisman), some sort of religious order (but definitely [[GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex not monks]]), in a world that still believed in supernatural. Also there are other organizations with similar objectives, like Brazilian religious order Manos Del Sol ("Men of the Sun"), it's just that Gabriel doesn't know about them.
* In the ''VideoGame/XCom'' games, you ''play'' the fourth type. The entire organisation, that is.
* In ''VideoGame/LuigisMansion'', Luigi himself is charged with the capture of the many Boos in the eponymous mansion in order to rescue Mario, [[spoiler: though this may be subverted, since it turned out that it was all just a trap from King Boo]].
** Moreover, the Poltergust 3000 he wears makes him slightly resemble an actual "Ghostbuster".
** ''VideoGame/LuigisMansionDarkMoon'' has Luigi and Professor E Gadd actually start up a proper ghost hunting business after the Dark Moon shatters and the ghosts turn 'evil'. Including the whole 'journey to multiple different mansions' thing.
* ''VideoGame/CliveBarkersJericho'' features a special military force of occult soldiers Defending The Earth.
* In the ''VideoGame/EliteBeatAgents'' and ''VideoGame/OsuTatakaeOuendan'' world, whenever somebody is in desperate need, they shout out, "[[PhraseCatcher Heeeaaallp!]]" The Agents/Ouendan then arrive to help the helpless... help themselves... with music and dance moves. The helpers in this case are part of a semi-governmental agency, making them the third type.
* In ''VideoGame/RuneScape'', when talking to one of the goblins in the goblin temple, it may say that it sometimes hears a ghost. You have several options for the next line, two of which are, "I ain't afraid of no ghost!" and "Who you gonna call?"
* The main character in ''[[VideoGame/{{Elvira}} Elvira: Mistress of the Dark]]'' is an agent of a private "ghoul buster" service, advertised in the back of a tabloid magazine. He's hired by Elvira to investigate her haunted castle; he arrives only after the ''real'' crap begins...
* Discussed by Junpei in ''VideoGame/{{Persona 3}}'', where he and the other protagonists are members of a club dedicated to wiping out the Shadows plaguing the city.
--> '''Junpei''': It’s like we should have our own theme song, y’know? “Who you gonna call? Shadowbusters!”
* Averted in ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'', as the main character and youkai exterminator, the shrine maiden Hakurei Reimu often solves the various incidents that happen in [[FantasyKitchenSink Gensokyo]] without anyone else knowing that she did. That probably explains why she doesn't get that many donations...
* Creator/DataEast's unreleased UsefulNotes/NeoGeo game ''Ghostlop'' starred a team of professional ghost hunters named Bruce and [=McCoy=]. The characters and their associated gameplay were later incorporated into ''VideoGame/MagicalDrop V''.
* In ''[[VideoGame/TheBlackwellSeries Blackwell Convergence]]'', Rosangela decides to set up this sort of business at the end of ''Convergence'' and continues it in ''Deception'', complete with business cards and newspaper advertisement.
* Shinra from ''VideoGame/NamcoXCapcom'' and ''VideoGame/ProjectXZone'' is dedicated to investigating paranormal activity, most of it coming from the Shibuya district. Their rivals include a NebulousEvilOrganisation called Ouma.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In the Webcomic/{{Zokusho|Comics}} multi-verse the Wayward Cross is somewhere between type 2 and 3.
%%* SEMME in the Webcomic/{{Walkyverse}}.
* Riff in ''Webcomic/SluggyFreelance'' ran a good business selling information and especially weapons to vampire hunters from Alaska, where the nights are longer. One of his clients, Arminius, was a VampireHunter, but not always as successfully as he liked.
* ''WebComic/VampireCheerleaders'': The ''WebComic/ParanormalMysterySquad'' is a privately run organization, much like [[Anime/PhantomQuestCorp Phantom Quest.]] As their name implies, DemonSlaying is their business and they take on cases dealing with the paranormal, in general. At least, until vol.4 where [[spoiler: [[BreakingTheFellowship they're disbanded]] [[http://www.vampirecheerleaders.net/strips-vc/searching_high_and_low by order of PETM]], following Stephanie Kane's abduction]].
* ''Webcomic/TheAdventuresOfDrMcNinja'': Dr. [=McNinja=] gets called out to deal with everything from appendicitis to giant lumberjack attacks.
* In ''Webcomic/HereThereBeMonsters'' Blaine's group of monster hunters is operating in a town with an enhanced weirdness censor, however they are also the town's Animal Control which works out well because every time they've been called out to deal with something mundane like a racoon it is ''not'' a racoon.
* In ''Webcomic/BramAndVlad'', you can call Van Helsing & Seward, psychiatrists and vampire hunters (they are descendents of the [[Literature/{{Dracula}} original Van Helsing and Seward]]).
-->'''Dr. Van Helsing''': Think about it this way: if people believe that they need a vampire hunter, either the people really need a vampire hunter, or they need a psychiatrist.
-->'''Dr. Seward''': Conveniently, we are both. We win a job either way, see?
%%* The Harker Institute of Super-Natural Studies in ''Webcomic/PennyDreadful''

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Literature/WhateleyUniverse'': The "Goobers" at Whateley Academy, training to fight supernatural evil under the auspices of Reverend Englund and the leadership of Buffy-wannabe Nightbane. Of course, whenever they go up against Carmilla (twice in earnest so far plus at least once in the simulators), they keep getting their heads handed to them...
* As a parody of the ''Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}}'' films, Theatre/TheLeagueOfSTEAM fall into the second variety. They even parody the TV commercial from the first ''Film/{{Ghostbusters|1984}}'' film in a short.
* The Wiki/SCPFoundation, a solid flavor 4. On bad days they fight to keep AWorldHalfFull half full, but most of the time they tend to the messes made by less dangerous but no less bizarre artifacts and people.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* One of the oldest examples is the [[WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts Mickey, Donald and Goofy]] cartoon ''Disney/LonesomeGhosts'', where the trio run a Ghost Exterminator Agency.
* Naturally, ''WesternAnimation/TheRealGhostbusters'' is an example.
** And its sequel ''WesternAnimation/ExtremeGhostbusters''.
* When the Columbia version became a hit, Creator/{{Filmation}} made an animated series (called simply ''[[WesternAnimation/FilmationsGhostbusters Ghostbusters]]'') that was based on their previous live-action series (which predated the Columbia version by nine years).
* A couple of ''WesternAnimation/{{Bonkers}}'' episodes dealt with hauntings caused by toon ghosts. During one of the incidents, Bonkers says the trope name, before he and Lucky shake their heads and say "Nah".
* ''WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom'' has quite a few over the course of its run: Danny and his friends, Jack and Maddie, the Masters Blasters, the Extreme Ghostbreakers, the Guys in White, and the Groovy Gang and the Scaredy Cats.
* ''WesternAnimation/DextersLaboratory'': Dexter mentions this trope while trying to flush the ghost of his deceased goldfish.
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' parodies this in one episode where the Griffin house is haunted. Reporter Tom Tucker, who's covering the story, delivers this line, followed by his partner sighing and saying "''Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}}''?" Tucker looks at her and says "No, Diane, their insurance company. That's just stupid what you said."
* Parodied in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends''. When Bloo's cold cause's the inhabitants of the house to believe the house is haunted, Coco picks up a phone. Wilt asks "Who you gonna call?", which leads to Coco saying "Co-coco!" in a way reminiscent of the Ghostbusters' theme song. To which Wilt replies "They've been out of business for years!"
* ''WesternAnimation/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy'' has none other than Hoss Delgado.
* ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'': Daffy Duck, Bugs Bunny, and Porky Pig parody ''Franchise/{{Ghostbusters}}'' with ''Daffy Duck's Quackbusters''. They even have a tagline:
--> "Spooks spooked, goblins gobbled, U.F.O.s K.O.'ed, aliens alienated, vampires evaporated, and monsters remonstrated!"
* ''WesternAnimation/MartinMystery'' has the Center as an anti-supernatural/alien agency.
* Mystery Inc., a.k.a. the WesternAnimation/ScoobyDoo gang. Subverted in that they very rarely end up dealing with ''[[ScoobyDooHoax actual]]'' spooks, and so often function as more of a WeHelpTheHelpless group. There was also a special called ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooMeetsTheBooBrothers'', where Scooby, Shaggy, and Scrappy hire the Boo Brothers, ghost exterminators [[HunterOfHisOwnKind who are ghosts themselves]]. ("It takes one to catch one in this business," they claim.)
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' episode "Smurfing For Ghosts", Peewit looks for Papa Smurf's help to get rid of some unwanted ghosts in Quarrel Castle, but gets instead Brainy and Clumsy, who are both armed with vacuum cleaner-type devices that are designed for capturing ghosts. At the end of the episode, as Brainy and Clumsy head back to the village, Brainy asks Peewit, "Who are you gonna smurf?", and Clumsy answers, "Autosmurfers".
* The ''WesternAnimation/PhantomInvestigators''.
-->'''Daemona:''' So remember- if you're up to your eyeballs in bioplasm, ectoplasm, or phantasms, don't spasm! Call Phantom Investigators! Where you'll get no sarcasm, just enthusiasm!
* Hiccup and co. in ''WesternAnimation/DragonsRidersOfBerk'' deal with all sorts of dragon-related problems with their services often requested by Berk's villagers.
* Averted in ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'':
-->'''Fry''': All I know is I have a ghost that needs bustin'!
-->'''Hermes''': Who you gonna call?
-->'''Fry''': Gho—
-->'''Operator''': [[TakeThat The number you have dialed has been lame since 1989.]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]
* {{Church Militant}}s in general.
* [[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/7240405.stm Easington District Council!]] Or at least they pay for them.
* The ones who have been called most often in RealLife to scare away the ThingsThatGoBumpInTheNight, [[OlderThanTheNES going]] [[OlderThanTelevision back]] [[OlderThanRadio through]] [[OlderThanSteam all]] [[OlderThanPrint of]] [[OlderThanFeudalism recorded]] [[OlderThanDirt history]] (and ''before''), are PapaWolf and MamaBear. It's part of the job.
** Domestic dogs have served in this capacity for a very long time too, even back into the days when the strange noise in the night might ''actually be'' a sabertooth cat or pack of dire wolves.