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When the BeautyEqualsGoodness, WhatMeasureIsANonCute and EvilTwin tropes are applied to animals that are similar but not quite the same.

For example, mice are stereotyped as mischievous critters who are capable of being cute and lovable. Rats, due to being bigger and significantly less cuddly looking (even if in RealLife, cuddlier than mice), are rarely given as much leeway. Calling someone "mousey" lacks a harsh cannotation, it just means they're quiet and easily startled; calling someone "ratty" or a "rat" implies they're dirty and disgusting. If the hero is a mouse, one of the villains or anti-heroes will be a rat. One way to insult a mouse is to "mistake" him for a rat.

Keep in mind that there is no TruthInTelevision here and the only reason this trope came to be were the many different perspectives of uneducated people who have yet to study all of these animals.

However, a work does not need have a direct face off to give off this vibe. Mistaking one animal for the other and having said animal correct you with distaste ("Oh heavens no, I'm not a ''toad'', I'm a frog!") gives off the implication that one is somehow [[FantasticRacism an inferior version of the other]].

See IAmNotWeasel if being mistaken becomes a running gag (the mistake need not actually be considered offensive to the animal, just incredibly exasperating), ElvesVersusDwarves for a magical equivalent, SlobsVersusSnobs, which is often used to justify this FantasticRacism, and AlwaysChaoticEvil if the animal's prejudices are justified. See also NiceMice and YouDirtyRat. This trope usually follows AnimalStereotypes.

The "pleasant" and "unpleasant" animals can either be related, similar, or both.

Related to GoodAnimalsEvilAnimals and AnimalJingoism.

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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* Purposely invoked in ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}''. TheChick of the season, May, catches a Wurmple. The DarkChick, Jessie, also manages to catch a Wurmple. Now Wurmples can either evolve into a sweet looking little butterfly (Bug/Flying) or an obnoxiously colorful moth (Bug/Poison). Guess which girl gets which? This is a subversion though, as both Pokémon are actually quite bad, arguably the former being the worst. Dustox make messes when they eat, leaving trees barren whenever they swarm into an area and scatter noxious dust as a defense mechanism. Beautifly are actually quite savage despite their appearance, being very aggressive when provoked or disturbed and attacking by stabling opponents with their proboscis to drain their "fluids". The anime does not, however, bring up Beautifly's more unpleasant traits, and largely plays this trope straight (although the extent of Dustox's villainy is its association with Team Rocket).
* The season 1 finale of ''Manga/SquidGirl'' introduces the octopus-like Kozue Tanabe, who is kind and gentle in contrast to the titular squid-like character.
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[[folder:Comic Books]]
* One of Franchise/SpiderMan's recurring enemies is Mac Gargan a.k.a. the Scorpion.
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[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* While all the good characters in ''Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective'' are mice, the Big Bad, Professor Ratigan, is a rat. [[BerserkButton Just don't call him that to his face]].
* ''Disney/TheLionKing'':
** Inverted with Pumbaa. He's a warthog, and being called a "pig" is his Berserk Button. Normally, you'd consider a warthog to be the Unpleasant Animal Counterpart to a pig.
** ''The Lion King'' also depicts lions as noble, majestic and mostly good guys and hyenas as dirty, stupid and cowardly bad guys. Deconstructed in ''WesternAnimation/TheLionGuard'', where hyenas turn out to be mostly good.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' movies Donkey wants very much to be a horse.
* In ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'', sharks can't stand dolphins because, according to them, they're show-offs (and liked by humans).
* In ''WesternAnimation/SharkTale'', dolphins appear to be one of the few animals that sharks don't mess with (basically their equals). When a "[[VegetarianCarnivore vegetarian]]" Shark decides to live amongst fish, he disguises himself as a dolphin ([[ArtisticLicenseBiology even though dolphins also eat fish]]).
* Averted in ''WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}}'' where rats get to be the heroes for once (though no mice appear), though considering the title is a play on words, it's rather necessary.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Antz}}'' depicts ants and termites as mortal enemies. The ants are highly anthropomorphic (as are a few other insects), [[FurryConfusion while the termites are]] TheHorde. Ultimately, this is played with in that the termites are implicitly {{Non Malicious Monster}}s, while the actual villain is an ant general who needlessly provokes them [[UriahGambit to kill the soldiers not loyal to him]].
* Played with in ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfNIMH''. The heroine is a mouse, and Auntie Shrew thinks rats are brutes, but the rats of NIMH turn out to be benevolent, with the exception of BigBad Jenner, although Brutus [[CreepyGood is still pretty menacing]].
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[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In the first ''Film/StuartLittle'' movie, a bully of George's gets punched in the face when he states "You're right, he's [Stuart] not a stupid mouse, he's a stupid RAT."
* In ''Film/InglouriousBasterds'', Hans Landa muses on the differences and similarities between rats and squirrels.
* In the ''Film/PlanetOfTheApes2001 '' one gorilla was very offended when Mark Wahlberg's character called him a monkey.
* ''Film/JurassicPark'' started the trend of raptors being the main "evil" dinosaur, while former dinosaur BigBad ''Tyrannosaurus'' began to be put in a heroic light. Deconstructed in ''Film/JurassicWorld'' where raptors are portrayed more sympathetically albeit still dangerous, and eventually [[spoiler:the last surviving member of the pack Blue teams up with ''T. rex'' Rexy in bringing down the ''Indominus rex'']].
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[[folder:Literature]]
* In ''Literature/TheBible'' goats represent evil people and sinners, whereas sheep represent good people and the faithful.
* In the ''Literature/{{Redwall}}'' series, mice are good whilst rats are evil, and otters and badgers are good while stoats, ferrets, weasels, martens and wolverines are evil.
* In Creator/KimNewman's ''Literature/TheHoundOfTheDurbervilles'', Professor Moriarty breeds wasps, this apparently being the evil equivalent of Franchise/SherlockHolmes becoming a beekeeper.
* In Garry Kilworth's ''Literature/HouseOfTribes'', the protagonists are all mice, while one of the antagonists is a mean dirty old murderous rat.
* In ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', baleen whales vs cachalots (called sperm whales in modern times). Nemo is adamant against killing baleen whales for sport, but has no problem with killing cachalots -- described as "cruel, mischievous creatures".
* In ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'', calling the orangutan Librarian a "monkey" is an invitation to a painful lesson in TaxonomicTermConfusion, administered by red-furred arms strong enough to hold someone upside-down by the ankles and bounce their noggin on the floor.
* ''Literature/TheJungleBook'':
** Pythons are heroic while cobras and kraits are both [[SnakesAreSinister sinister]] (unless if they can't use their venom anymore). Kaa the python is also said to despise the venomous snakes as cowards.
** Wolves are [[NobleWolf noble]] while jackals and red dogs (dholes) are both cruel and cowardly.
* In ''Literature/{{Babar}}'', the elephants are gentle, civilized, and live in a kingdom ruled by TheGoodKing, whereas the rhinos are boisterous and violent, and led by a selfish dictator. The conflict between the two species is particularly played up in the AnimatedAdaptation by Nelvana.
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[[folder:Live-Action Television]]
* When Kermit the Frog is called a toad on ''Series/TheMuppetShow'', he explains that "frogs are handsome, debonair and charming, while toads are ugly and give you warts."
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* Done all the time in the ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' games: Caterpies vs Weedles, Pidgeys vs Spearows, Ledybas vs Spinaraks, and Skittys vs Glameows.
* Inverted in ''Film/JurassicParkTheGame''. [[spoiler:''Troodon'' are ''even worse'' than the ''Velociraptor'', to the point the latter flee when they sense the former's presence.]]
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'': Fleas are heroic and sympathetic while ticks are evil and one is the BigBad and CorruptCorporateExecutive in "Flea for Your Life."
* Inverted in ''WesternAnimation/OvideAndTheGang''. Cy Sly the python is the main villain, while his Egyptian cobra cousin is a good guy. Played straight with Polo vs. Cy; the lizard being one of the heroes in contrast with the snake.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLionGuard'':
** In "The Imaginary Okapi", Makucha the leopard is the villain of the episode, in stark contrast to heroic cheetah Fuli as well as the noble lions of the Pride Lands. Subverted later in "The Trouble with Galagos" where we meet the good leopard Badili (although the episode's antagonist is also a leopard).
** "Ono's Idol" introduces good eagle Hadithi, a contrast to the evil vulture Mzingo.
** The cobra (Ushari) is antagonistic, while pythons are good.
** Geckos, chameleons, and agamas are good, while villainous lizards have been skinks and a monitor lizard.
** Downplayed with baboons. While they are prone to be more antagonistic than other monkeys, they are mostly good.
** However, there has been instances where the show averts this. Particularly, rhinoceroses are just as good guys as the elephants and hippopotamuses, and gorillas are no less friendly than the chimpanzees and monkeys.
* The titular character of ''WesternAnimation/KennyTheShark'' claims to have a dislike for dolphins due to them, according to him, being snobbish for their intelligence. The episode "Whalin' on Kenny" has him getting menaced by a ruthless orca.
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