This is when two or more works that have little or nothing to do with each other are given translated titles that imply a connection. Sometimes to capitalize on the first work's fame, but often just because it's funny.

This is only for ''titles'' that have been ''translated''. When it affects the ''content'' of the ''original'' work, it's a DolledUpInstallment, or just DubText.

Subtrope of CompletelyDifferentTitle. See also SimilarlyNamedWorks and InNameOnly. ParallelPornTitles may also arise from this trope.


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/NinjaResurrection'' wasn't a sequel to ''Anime/NinjaScroll'', but you could be forgiven if the box text and the distributor misled you. The only similarity was the main character's name, Jubei. ''Ninja Scroll''[='s=] protagonist is an homage to UsefulNotes/YagyuJubei, one of the most famous ninja and folk heroes in Japanese history. ''Ninja Resurrection'', based on the novel ''Makai Tensho'', actually uses Yagyu Jubei as its protagonist.
* The {{yaoi}} manga ''SenseAndSexuality'' (whose Japanese title translates to ''Advancement of the Infamous''), which has nothing at all to do with ''Literature/SenseAndSensibility''.
** Similarly, ''Kogareru Yubisaki'' by You Higashino was called ''[[Series/GreysAnatomy Gay's Anatomy]]'' in English, JustForPun and to disguise the fact that it's actually a sequel to a previous series that [[NoExportForYou wasn't translated]].
* Although part of ''Neo-Tokyo'' was directed by Creator/KatsuhiroOtomo, it's not related to ''Manga/{{Akira}}'', and its original title is ''Anime/MeikyuuMonogatari'' (''Labyrinth Tales''), also known as '''''Manie-Manie'''''.
* When Media Blasters released ''Manga/{{Amaenaideyo}}'', they retitled it ''Ah My Buddha'', even though it's not related to ''Manga/AhMyGoddess''.
* Subversion: The original ''Manga/{{Kinnikuman}}'' manga and anime was never localized into English, but the tie-in rubber figures by Bandai were sold in the U.S. by Mattel under the name of ''M.U.S.C.L.E.'' When the sequel series, ''KinnikumanNisei'', was dubbed in the U.S. by 4Kids, they choose the name ''UltimateMuscle'' to imply a connection.
* In Portugal, ''{{Anime/Kochikame}}'' bears the subtitle "Police Academy". However, this is also the title of a [[Film/PoliceAcademy completely unrelated film]] in which the only thing that connects the two is the fact that they both involve the police.
* Fandom example. The unreleased ''Manga/DigimonVTamer01'' is alternative known as ''Anime/DigimonAdventure: V-Tamer 01'' and ''Digimon V-[[Anime/DigimonTamers Tamers]]'' after two works that were released outside of Japan.

[[folder:Film - Animated]]
* The Chinese name for ''{{Film/Enchanted}}'' is 魔法奇緣. And then ''{{Disney/Tangled}}'' bacame 魔髮奇緣. The Hong Kong version for ''{{Disney/Frozen}}'' is 魔雪奇緣 (mainland and Taiwan has the slightly less similar 冰雪奇緣). Suffice to say Chinese translators love this trope to death.
* ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' as 玩具總動員 is followed by ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' (海底總動員) and ''{{WesternAnimation/Cars}}'' (汽車總動員).
* On the other hand, the Hong Kong translations follow ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'' (奪寶奇兵). ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' is 反斗奇兵, ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' is 海底奇兵, while ''{{WesternAnimation/Cars}}'' becomes 反斗車王.
* The Hong Kong name for ''WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon'' is 馴龍記, similar to the common Chinese name for ''Theatre/TheTamingOfTheShrew'' (馴悍記).
* The Hong Kong name for ''Disney/BigHero6'' is 大英雄聯盟, which has nothing to do with ''VideoGame/LeagueOfLegends'' (英雄聯盟).
** Incidentally, its name for Baymax is 醫神, same as ''{{Series/House}}''.


[[folder:Film - Live Action]]
* In France, ''Film/TheHangover'' was released under the "translated" title of ''Very Bad Trip'', apparently due to the similarity to the movie ''Film/VeryBadThings''. Likewise, ''TheOtherGuys'' was rechristened ''Very Bad Cops''.
* When ''Film/{{Airplane}}'' was released in France, the title was changed to ''Y a-t-il un pilote dans l'avion?'' (Is there a pilot onboard?). Most of the movies produced by the ZAZ trio afterwards were renamed so they'd begin the same way.
** ''Film/RuthlessPeople'', for example, became ''Y a-t-il quelqu'un pour tuer ma femme?'' (Is there someone who could kill my wife?).
** ''Film/TheNakedGun'' movies all begin with ''Y a-t-il un flic pour sauver...?'' (Is there a cop who can save (insert noun here)?).
** ''[[Film/TwoThousandAndOneASpaceTravesty 2001: A Space Travesty]]'' was renamed ''Y a-t-il un flic pour sauver l'humanité?'' (Is there a cop who can save humanity?) although it's not part of the Naked Gun series.
** ''One'' of the French titles for ''Film/WrongfullyAccused'' was ''Y a-t-il un fugitif ŕ bord?'' (Is there a [[TheFugitive fugitive]] on board?)
** In Finland, ''Film/{{Airplane}}'' is known as ''Hei, me lennetään' (Hey, we're flying). The titles of the following ZAZ movies have had similar translations. The title format has since then spread to other parody movies and everywhere else to the point of MemeticMutation.
** In México, ''Film/{{Airplane}}'' is titled ''żY donde esta el piloto?'' (''So where's the pilot?'') and subsequent ZAZ movies have been titled accordingly, for instance the ''Naked Gun'' movies are titled ''żY donde esta el policia?'' (''So where's the cop?''), and ''Film/WhiteChicks'' was titled ''żY dónde están las rubias?'' (''So where are the blondes?''). Similarly, ''Film/PoliceAcademy'' movies were called ''Loca Academia de Policia'' (''Insane Police Academy''), and the ''Film/HotShots'' movies were therefore titled ''Loca Academia de Pilotos'' (''Insane Pilot Academy'').
** In Germany, ''Airplane'' was [[TheFantasticTropeOfWonderousTitles called]] ''Die unglaubliche Reise in einem verrückten Flugzeug'' (''The Incredible Journey in a Crazy Airplane''). Subsequently, ''Ruthless People'' was renamed ''Die unglaubliche Entführung der verrückten Mrs Stone'' (''The Incredible Kidnapping of the Crazy Mrs Stone''). The titles of the ''Naked Gun'' movies were translated literally; however, the TV show ''Series/PoliceSquad'', which came to Germany ''after'' the movies, was renamed ''Die nackte Pistole'' (''The Naked Pistol''). Also, ''S.P.Q.R. 2000 e 1/2 anni fa'', a completely unrelated Italian movie that had Leslie Nielson in it, was retitled ''Die römische Kanone'' (''The Roman Gun'').
** In Spain, ''Airplane!'' was renamed ''Aterriza como puedas'' (Land as you can), ''Film/TheNakedGun'' became ''Agárralo como puedas'' (Catch [him] the way you can), and ''Film/SpyHard'' was ''Espia como puedas'' (Spy as you can). In fact, most comedies with Leslie Nielsen follow the "X como puedas" [[FollowTheLeader and even some unrelated ones]]: ''Film/JaneAustensMafia'', for instance, became ''Mafia, estafa como puedas'' ("Mafia, Con [someone] The Way You Can").
** In Israel, Leslie Nielsen's comedies received the same treatment. ''Film/TheNakedGun'' was named ''The Gun Died Laughing'', and its sequels were named appropriately. Since then, other films would be translated as "The [something] Died Laughing" - ''Film/SpyHard'' was named ''The Spy Died Laughing'', ''Film/WrongfullyAccused'', a parody of ''Film/TheFugitive'', was named ''The Fugitive Died Laughing'', and ''[[Film/TwoThousandAndOneASpaceTravesty 2001: A Space Travesty]]'' was named ''Space Died Laughing''.
** Leslie Nielsen's movies also had this happen in Japan. ''The Naked Gun'' was known as ''The Man With the Naked Gun'', a parody of the Bond movie title in Japanese as well as in English. ''Wrongfully Accused'' became ''The Fugitive With the Naked Gun'', ''Men with Brooms'' (a curling movie) was ''The Man With the Naked Stone'', and even his earlier movies were renamed on video, so that 1990’s ''Film/{{Repossessed}}'' became ''The Man With the Naked Crucifix''!
** Translators of comedy titles into Latin American Spanish are obsessed with the concept of "Loco" (Insane). The Police Academy case is well-known, but Creator/MelBrooks movies are frequent victims of this: ''Film/HistoryOfTheWorldPartI'' was changed to ''La loca historia del mundo'' ("The Insane History of the World"), ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'' turned into ''La loca historia de las galaxias'' ("The Insane Story of the Galaxies"), ''Film/SilentMovie'' was known as ''La última locura'' ("The Last Insanity"), and ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'' was changed to ''Las locas, locas aventuras de Robin Hood'' ("The Insane, Insane Adventures of Robin Hood").
*** The last one may derive from the fact that "loca" (crazy lady) is a common way to refer to a flamboyant gay man in Latin American Spanish (similar to the use of "queer" in English), making it also a PunBasedTitle.
** Similarly, Creator/JasonFriedberg - Creator/AaronSeltzer movies in Latin America are put through the ''Una Loca Película De X'' (An Insane X Movie) formula. ''Film/VampiresSuck'' is ''Una Loca Película de Vampiros'', ''Film/MeetTheSpartans'' is ''Una Loca Película de Esparta'', and ''Film/EpicMovie'' is ''Una Loca Película Épica''.
** Other examples out of the above mentioned creators: ''Film/DeltaFarce'' is ''Una Loca Película de Guerra'', ''Film/TheCannonballRally'' was changed to ''Los Locos de Cannonball'' (The Insane/Crazy People of Cannonball), and ''Film/TalladegaNights'' turned into ''Locos por la Velocidad'' (Insane from Speed). It's like [[TheyJustDidntCare they just don't care]].
* ''Film/ShriekIfYouKnowWhatIDidLastFridayTheThirteenth'' was retitled in Sweden to ''Scary Video'', an obvious nod to ''ScaryMovie''.
* ''Return of the Dragon'' was originally called ''Film/WayOfTheDragon'' when it was produced in Hong Kong. ''Film/EnterTheDragon'' was actually BruceLee's last complete film, but the retitling of ''Way of the Dragon'' was a means of capitalizing on Bruce Lee's fame and releasing the earlier film to a wider audience. All this despite the obviously higher budget of ''Enter the Dragon'' (being a Hollywood/Hong Kong joint studio venture), not to mention the fact that Lee's characters in the two films are obviously not the same person (in name OR in personality), and thus neither film was actually a sequel to the other. But if one were to FanWank them into a continuous story, it would be much easier to justify a clueless country bumpkin becoming a wise secret agent than vice-versa, and thus the Enter/Return titling makes no sense whatsoever.
** This was not the first Creator/BruceLee film to undergo such a title change: ''Fist of Fury'' was retitled ''The Chinese Connection'' (after ''Film/TheFrenchConnection''). The title (''Chinese Connection'') was actually intended for ''Film/TheBigBoss'' (since the plot of that film involved drug trafficking), but the American distributor messed up and ended up giving switching the titles for both films.
* Sweden had an odd tradition of this with regards to specific people.
** After ''Film/TheProducers'' (in Swedish "Det vĺras för Hitler", referring to the ShowWithinAShow "Springtime for Hitler") all Creator/MelBrooks movies were titled similarly. The Swedish movie titles translate back into "Springtime for Space" (''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'', "Springtime for the Sheriff" (''Film/BlazingSaddles''), etc. This didn't end until ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'', which had a direct translation.
** For years and years all Creator/GoldieHawn movies had titles beginning with "The Girl Who..."
** They tried doing this to Creator/PatrickSwayze too after ''Film/DirtyDancing'', but after retitling ''Film/NextOfKin'' as ''Dirty Fighting'' they wisely gave up.
* The movie ''Film/{{Outlander}}'' is bizarrely titled in Mexico ''La Tierra Media y El Tesoro del Dragon Solitario'' (''Middle Earth and the Treasure of the Lonely Dragon''), which is inexplicable unless it is meant as a preemptive case of this trope regarding the ''The Hobbit'' movie.
* In Japan, ''Film/NapoleonDynamite'' is known as ''Bus Otoko'' in a blatant attempt to ride on the coattails of ''[[Franchise/TrainMan Densha Otoko]]'', albeit it was recently reverted to its original English name because of this.
* ''Film/GameraVsViras'' was released in the U.S. by [[Creator/AmericanInternationalPictures AIP-TV]] as ''Destroy All Planets'', in obvious imitation of ''Film/DestroyAllMonsters''.
* The Soviet film ''[[IvanVasilievich Ivan Vasilevich Changes His Occupation]]'' was translated as ''Ivan Vasilevich: Back to the Future''.'' Franchise/BackToTheFuture'' and ''Ivan Vasilevich'' are mainly related in that they have to do with time traveling.
* In France, ''StrangerThanFiction'' is titled ''L'incroyable destin de Harold Crick'', which imitates the original French title of ''Film/{{Amelie}}'', ''Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain''.
* The Soviet-Finnish film ''Sampo'' was released in the US as ''Film/TheDayTheEarthFroze'', coming after not only ''Film/TheDayTheEarthStoodStill1951'' but also ''Film/TheDayTheEarthCaughtFire''.
* The Dutch action film ''Vet Hard'' was released in the US as ''[[TheFastAndTheFurious Too Fat Too Furious]]''. The original title is also a pun on Dutch slang (roughly translated as "way cool") and as such is completely incomprehensible to people who don't speak Dutch.
* In Hebrew, after ''Film/TheNakedGun'' was released as "The Gun Died of Laughter", nearly every Leslie Nielsen comedy was translated into something ending in the phrase "met mitzchok", or "died of laughter".
* In Norwegian, a whole ton of completely unrelated movies start with the words "Hjelp, vi" ("Help, we"), followed by whatever the main characters in the movie are doing.
** Airplane - "Help, We're Flying"
** Film/AirplaneIITheSequel - "Help, We're Flying Again"
** This Is Spın̈al Tap - "Help, We're in the Pop Industry"
** National Lampoon's Vacation - "Help, We Have to Take a Vacation"
** National Lampoon's European Vacation - "Help, We Have to Take a Vacation in Europe"
** Loose Shoes - "Help, We're Making a Movie"
** Nativity! - "Help, We're Arranging a Christmas Show"
** L'homme orchestre - "Help, I've Become a Father"
** This in addition to a decent amount of Norwegian-produced movies where this style is used as the original title. It's treated as a running gag nowadays.
* In Italy, ''Film/HighNoon'' was renamed "Mezzogiorno di fuoco" ("Fiery Noon"); some time later, ''Film/BlazingSaddles'' was renamed with a similar title, "Mezzogiorno e mezzo di fuoco", literally "Fiery Noon and a Half".
* For reasons unclear, ''Film/BatteriesNotIncluded='' was renamed "Miracolo sull'8° strada" ("Miracle on 8th Street"), which sounds just like ''Film/MiracleOn34thStreet''. In Latin America it also received the name "Milagro en la calle 8", probably for the same reason.
* After ''Film/RumbleInTheBronx'' was released, a movie from 1973 originally titled ''女警察'' (''The Policewoman'') was reissued on home video under the new title of ''Rumble in Hong Kong'' (among others), with a [[CoversAlwaysLie misleading cover]] that suggests that JackieChan was the leading actor (he actually played a supporting character with not much screentime).
* {{Inverted|Trope}} with the French titles for ''Franchise/DieHard'': The first three titles (''Pičge de Cristal''[[note]]The Glass Trap[[/note]], ''58 Minutes pour Vivre''[[note]]58 Minutes to Live[[/note]] and ''Une Journée en Enfer''[[note]]A Day in Hell[[/note]]) showed no signs of a series... and then played half-straight with ''Film/LiveFreeOrDieHard'', billed ''Die Hard 4: Retour en Enfer''.[[note]]Die Hard 4: Back in Hell[[/note]]
* The fourth movie of the ''Franchise/{{Rambo}}'' series, ''Film/{{Rambo}}'', was billed ''John Rambo'' in several countries to mimick ''RockyBalboa''.
* In Czech, the film ''Film/VeryBadThings'' was translated as [[Film/FourWeddingsAndAFuneral Six Funerals and a Wedding]].
* Also in Czech, ''That Man from Rio'' (in Czech: ''Muž z Ria'' = ''The Man from Rio'') was followed by ''The Man from Hong Kong'' (''Chinese Adventures in China'' a.k.a. ''Up to His Ears'') and ''The Man from Acapulco'' (''Magnificient One'' a.k.a. ''How to Destroy the Reputation of the Greatest Secret Agent''), and always air on TV as a series. (The movies have otherwise no connection, except the names of the director Philippe de Broca and the actor Jean-Paul Belmondo.)
* ''WesternAnimation/SharkTale'' was translated into Russian as "Underwater Gang" (using "gang" in the criminal sense). This makes some sense, as the sharks do behave like Italian mobsters. Then there's ''Film/OverTheHedge'', which has nothing to do with organized crime, which was translated as "Forest Gang", obviously implying a connection between the two films.
* In Mexico, the Danny [=DeVito=]'s film ''Screwed'' was translated as ''Y tu Abuelita Tambien'' (And Your Granny Too) after the Mexican film ''Film/YTuMamaTambien''.
* In Germany, the Creator/CharlesBronson vigilante film ''Film/DeathWish'' became ''Ein Mann sieht Rot'' ("A Man Sees Red"). Subsequently ''Lipstick'' became ''Eine Frau sieht Rot'' ("A Woman Sees Red") and ''The Star Chamber'' became ''Ein Richter sieht Rot'' ("A Judge Sees Red").
* Brazil has a few.
** ''Film/FrightNight1985'' became ''A Hora do Espanto'', "Fright Time". Then following suit were ''Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984'' as ''A Hora do Pesadelo'' ("Nightmare Time") and ''Film/TheDeadZone'' as ''A Hora da Zona Morta'' ("Dead Zone Time") and ''Film/ReAnimator'' as ''A Hora dos Mortos Vivos'' ("Undead Time")
** Two actor-based examples: a Schwarzenegger one that made sense - ''Film/TheTerminator'' was "The Terminator from the Future", so ''Film/TotalRecall1990'' became "The Avenger from the Future" - and a MichaelJFox one that doesn't - ''Film/TeenWolf'' became "The Boy from the Future" to cash in ''BackFromTheFuture''.
** Given ''ScaryMovie'' was ''Todo Mundo em Pânico'', "Everybody in Panic" (a pun on "Pânico", their title for ''Film/{{Scream|1996}}''), ''Film/ShaunOfTheDead'' became ''Todo Mundo Quase Morto'', "Everybody Almost Dead".
** ''[[SeltzerAndFriedberg Disaster Movie]]'' was translated to ''Super Heróis: Liga da Injustiça'' ("Super Heroes: Injustice League"), so it could pass off as a sequel to ''Film/SuperheroMovie''. Considering more superhero spoofs appear than ones for disaster films, it's actually ''more accurate'' than the original.
* ''El Ratón Pérez'', a 2006 Argentine 3D-animated film about a mythical mouse from Spanish folklore similar to the Tooth fairy, was renamed in Poland to "Stefan Malutki" (''Stephen Little'') to mimick ''Film/StuartLittle''.
** And ''[[ComicBook/MortadeloYFilemon The Big Adventure of Mortadelo and Filemón]]'', a 2003 Spanish comedy based on popular comic book series was renamed for unknown reasons in Poland to... "Liga najgłupszych dżentelmenów" (''[[Film/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen The League Of The Dumbest Gentlemen ]]'').
* The Japanese release of ''Film/ToKillAMockingbird'' became "The Alabama Story", almost definitely patterned off of ''Film/ThePhiladelphiaStory''.
* The Finnish release of the Farrelly Brothers' Film/TheThreeStooges tries to make it sound like a sequel to the DumbAndDumber movies.
* The Japanese release of ''Film/SleepawayCampIIUnhappyCampers'' is known as ''Lady Jason'', implying that it's a spinoff of the ''Franchise/FridayThe13th'' film series starring a DistaffCounterpart of Jason Voorhes. The promotional material in Japan emphasized this by using a still from the movie where Angela (the killer) wears a hockey mask, even though it only happens in one scene.
* The straight-to-video movie ''InterviewWithAHitman'' is known as ''Hitman Reloaded'' in Japan and Australia, despite being unrelated to the 2007's film adaptation of the ''Film/{{Hitman}}'' videogame series.
* After ''Film/HistoryOfTheWorldPartI'' was released in France as ''La Folle Histoire du Monde'' ("The mad history of the world"), Creator/MelBrooks's next movie ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'' was released as ''La Folle Histoire de l'Espace'' ("The mad (hi)story of space").
* Speaking of ''Spaceballs'', in Italy the sci-fi comedy "Martians Go Home" was released as "Balle Spaziali 2: la vendetta" (''Spaceballs 2: The Revenge''). It goes without saying that these movies are totally unrelated.
* After the ''Film/ScaryMovie'' series of horror spoofs, Italy renamed other genre parodies with "(Something) Movie" titles, for example ''Film/StanHelsing'' became "Horror Movie" and ''Film/AHauntedHouse'' became "Ghost Movie".

* The Swedish translation of ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' is called ''Sagan om Drakens ĺterkomst'' (''"The Story of the Return of the Dragon"''), which is similar to ''Sagan om konungens ĺterkomst'' (''"The Story of the Return of the King"''), the name of the old translation of ''[[Literature/LordOfTheRings The Return of the King]]''

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The Swedish title of ''MarriedWithChildren'' was ''Vĺra värsta ĺr'' (''"Our Worst Years"''), modelled on ''Vĺra bästa ĺr'' (''"Our Best Years"''), the translated title of ''Series/DaysOfOurLives''.
* In Spain, ''Series/{{Bewitched}}'' was titled ''Embrujada'' and ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' was ''Embrujada'''s'''''. Note the extra "s". And neither was 100% accurate (But acceptable, this trope aside).
** Same in Mexico. Bewitched is know as "Hechizada" and Charmed as "Hechiceras".
** In Finland Bewitched is known as ''Vaimoni on noita'' (''"My Wife Is a Witch"'') and Charmed as ''Siskoni on noita'' (''"My Sister Is a Witch"'').
* Hungarian translators love to lampshade a slightly ripped-off concept's origin:
** ''Series/RelicHunter'' was transated as ''Raiders of the Lost Relics (Elveszett Ereklyek Fosztogatoi)''
** ''{{Blackbeard}}'' the mini-series became ''Blackbeard and the Pirates of the Carribean'' (Feketeszakall es a Karib tenger Kalozai)
** Multiple examples based around ''[[Film/MyBigFatGreekWedding My Big Fat ____ Wedding]]''
** Another Hungarian variation would be the "_ Pie" title translations for teen movies after ''AmericanPie'' came out.
** And you wouldn't believe what else can be retitled "''Something'' helyszínelők" after the CSI ("Helyszínelők") series became popular.
*** Probably the oddest was a rerun of ''Series/MysteriousWays'' retitled[[note]]original Hungarian dub title was "Rejtélyek kalandorai" (Adventurers of mystery) which is odd and bland but at least not a cash in.[[/note]] as "Rejtélyek helyszínelői" (Mystery CSI).
** Also actor specifically: if a movie was about dancing and(or?) Creator/PatrickSwayze acted in it it would inevitably get a title with Dirty or Dancing in it but preferably [[DirtyDancing both]]. Or WesternAnimation/ThePagemaster got "Reszkessetek, nem hagyom magam!" and MacaulayCulkin was the sole reason for it (HomeAlone came out as "Reszkessetek betörők").
* In France, ''Series/HikariSentaiMaskman'' and ''Series/ChoujuuSentaiLiveman'' became ''Bioman 2: Maskman'' and ''Bioman 3: Liveman'' respectively, due to the fact that ''Series/ChoudenshiBioman'' was the first ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series to air there. While they're technically part of the same franchise, none of them are actually set in the same universe (later crossover appearances notwithstanding). Same with the Philippines (Albeit in the commercials only), excluding Liveman, since that never aired there.
** ''Super Sentai'' is locally dubbed in South Korea under the ''Power Rangers'' brand since ''Series/BakuryuuSentaiAbaranger'' (which was dubbed under the name of ''Power Rangers: Dino Thunder'', not to be confused with the actual ''Series/PowerRangersDinoThunder''). Before ''PowerRangers'' began, dubbed versions of the 80s Sentai shows were aired in Korea starting with ''Series/DaiSentaiGoggleFive'', followed by every Sentai show between ''Series/ChoudenshiBioman'' and ''Series/KousokuSentaiTurboranger'', but then this was changed to ''Power Rangers'' dubs following ''MightyMorphinPowerRangers'' before switching back to Super Sentai dubs after the Korean dub of ''Series/PowerRangersWildForce'' ended.
* In Argentina, ''Series/StreetHawk'' became ''The Fantastic Motorcycle'', ''Series/KnightRider'' became ''The Fantastic Car'' and ''Series/AirWolf'' became ''The Fantastic Helicopter'', implying a connection between three very different series.
* In Brazil, the ''Franchise/MetalHeroes'' series ''Series/JikuuSenshiSpielban'' became ''[[Series/KyojuuTokusouJuspion Jaspion]] 2'', trying to pass up as a sequel to a previous Metal Hero who was really popular there.
* ''WelcomeBackKotter'' didn't air in Italy until the success of ''Film/SaturdayNightFever'', starring ''Kotter'''s breakthrough star JohnTravolta. When it did, it's title was changed to ''Saturday Night Guys'' (''I ragazzi del sabato sera''). Particularly nonsensical, considering it's a show about a high school.
* In Finland, ''{{ER}}'' is known as ''Teho-osasto'' or ''intensive care unit''. ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' in turn became ''Tuho-osasto'' or loosely translated ''destructive care unit''.
* When Toei had the rights to make a Japanese tokusatsu version of the ''CaptainFuture'' pulp novels, they were forced to change the title to ''Captain Ultra'' since the network that aired the show only picked it up as a filler series after ''Series/{{Ultraman}}'' ended while Tsuburaya was still preparing for the third proper installment in the ''Franchise/UltraSeries'' titled ''Series/UltraSeven''.
* Also a case of SimilarlyNamedWorks - both Ultraman and {{Franchise/Superman}} are translated to exactly 超人 in Chinese.
** In general, since the Chinese terms for "superhuman" and "superhero" are very clunky for titles, there is a strong tendency to translate everything to 超人 (literally "super man") even if it has no connection to Superman.
* In Spain, ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' is known as ''Mystery In Space'' (''Misterio En El Espacio''), in an attempt to tie it into ''Series/LostInSpace'' which is known as ''Perdidos En El Espacio''. It went so far as Spanish commercials claiming that Joel was the long lost member of The Robinsons.
* In Japan ''Series/TheManFromUNCLE'' aired under the title of ''0011: Napoleon Solo'', emphasizing ''007'' creator Creator/IanFleming's involvement in the show's conception. The later spinoff show, ''Series/TheGirlFromUNCLE'', was subtitled ''0022''.

* In the heyday of ''The Merry Widow'', ''Die Fledermaus'' was revived on Broadway as ''The Merry Countess''.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The three ''VideoGame/SaGa'' games for the GameBoy were retitled ''Franchise/FinalFantasy Legend'' for the USA, probably to capitalize on FF's fame (...''before VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'', yes. Don't laugh...).
** Subverted with the original ''Seiken Densetsu'', which was given the title ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyAdventure'' overseas. This may seem like an invention of the localization department, but in reality the full title of the original Game Boy game in Japan was ''Seiken Densetsu: Final Fantasy [[GaidenGame Gaiden]]'' and the game has a few ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' references (notably the presence of Chocobos).
* In order to tie it in with the ''VideoGame/DevilMayCry'' series, the first installment of the ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'' series was dubbed ''Devil Kings'' for its overseas conversion, along with [[CutAndPasteTranslation many other changes.]]
* Sunsoft, who produced the NES port of the original ''SpyHunter'', later developed ''Battle Formula'', which was retitled ''Super Spy Hunter'' in the US.
* The arcade game ''MegaTwins'' (originally titled ''Chiki Chiki Boys'' in Japan) has nothing to do with ''VideoGame/MegaMan'', even though they were both made by {{Capcom}}. The Genesis port kept the Japanese title for its American release.
* While technically an American-developed game, ''VideoGame/SecretOfEvermore'' got its title to cash-in on the success of ''VideoGame/SecretOfMana'' (''Seiken Densetsu 2'' in Japan). The WorkingTitle was originally "Evermore" and the game was never meant to have any ties to ''Secret of Mana''.
* ''VideoGame/BeyondOasis'' (a.k.a. ''The Story of Thor'') has nothing to do with the earlier GameGear game ''Defenders of Oasis'' (originally titled ''Shadam Crusader'' in Japan) other than they were both [=RPGs=] published by Sega.
* The original Super Famicom version of ''VideoGame/PanelDePon'' was released overseas in a heavily altered form (with characters from ''YoshisIsland'') as ''Tetris Attack''. Later installments dropped the Tetris name altogether and were released under the "Puzzle League" name.
** Said name, of course, being an adaptation from the name of the {{Nintendo 64}} version: '''''{{Pokemon}}''' Puzzle League''.
* When Konami released ''VideoGame/{{Jackal}}'' in U.S. arcades, they changed the title to ''Top Gunner'' and slapped on a few American flags, possibly to identify it with ''Film/TopGun'' (which Konami would go on to make actual {{Licensed Game}}s of for the NES).
* ''Fire Shark'', a World War II-themed shoot-'em-up by Toaplan, was released in Japan under the title of ''Same! Same! Same!'' (lit. "Shark! Shark! Shark!"), a play on the 1970 war movie ''Tora! Tora! Tora!''.
* The NES game ''Contra Force'' was actually a localized version of a canceled Famicom game titled ''Arc Hound''. The game has no actual ties with the rest of the ''{{Contra}}'' series, although the people in charge of localizing ''Contra III: The Alien Wars'', which was released a few months earlier on the SNES, would try to fix this around by claiming that the ruined post-apocalyptic city in the beginning of the game, which is unnamed in the Japanese version, was actually Neocity, the setting of ''Contra Force''.
* ''Dynasty Wars'' and ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors'' are both based on ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' to some extent, but their original Japanese titles (''Tenchi o Kurau'' and ''Sangoku Musou'') are not quite so similar.
* ''Tsuukai [=GanGan=] Koushinkyoku'' became ''VideoGame/AggressorsOfDarkKombat'' because ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' was popular (and also for the [[FunWithAcronyms clever initialism]]), though they had little in common aside from being {{Fighting Game}}s with {{Finishing Move}}s. (Ironically, ''Aggressors of Dark Kombat'' removed the blood that was in the Japanese version.)
* ''VideoGame/IllusionOfGaia'' was originally titled ''Gaia Gensouki'' (or "The Gaia Fantasy Chronicle") in Japan. While the American title is a rough approximation of the Japanese original, when Nintendo of America picked up the publishing rights from Enix's US division, they also redesigned the logo and boxart to resemble the one used for ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaALinkToThePast''. Specifically they both have the same stylized font and layout, with the names "Zelda" and "Gaia" spelled in larger letters below the rest of the title and an object (Link's shield or a global view of Earth) behind the first letter.
** In a more conventional example of this trope, the English version of ''Illusion of Gaia'' was originally planned to be released in the US as a sequel to ''VideoGame/SoulBlazer'' before switching publishers from Enix to Nintendo. The two games are not actually related other than being developed by the same company (Quintet), although a certain enemy character from ''Soul Blazer'' does have a cameo as a hidden boss in ''Illusion of Gaia''.
** At one point Nintendo also planned to localize ''[[VideoGame/{{Terranigma}} Tenchi Sozo]]'', the unofficial third game in the ''Soul Blazer'' "series", under the title of ''Illusion of Gaia 2''. The name was dropped before release and the game ended up being released only in PAL territories outside Japan under the name ''Terranigma'', although the rejected title is still referenced in the game (despite the fact that the PAL version of ''Illusion of Gaia'' was titled ''Illusion of Time'').
* Creator/{{Psikyo}}'s ''VideoGame/{{Gunbird}}'' came to the US and Europe as ''Mobile Light Force''. Alfa System's ''[[VideoGame/CastleOfShikigami Castle of Shikigami]]'' came to the US as ''Mobile Light Force 2'', and to PAL regions as ''[=MLF2=]''. The games have no relation to each other, though XS Games' strongly implied they were part of a series of budget-priced [[Series/CharliesAngels Charlies Angels]] knockoffs.
* ''Hokuto Musou'' was released as ''VideoGame/FistOfTheNorthStarKensRage'' outside Japan in lieu of the usual ''Warriors'' moniker that Koei uses to localize ''Musou'' titles (e.g. ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors'', ''VideoGame/HyruleWarriors'', ''[[OnePiecePirateWarriors Pirate Warriors]]'') due to the French and Italian titles of the anime (''Ken le survivant'' and ''Ken il guerriero''). Since Koei was forced to use the English title for all the foreign releases of the game, they put Ken's name on the subtitle in order to help European fans of the anime make the connection who otherwise wouldn't recognize the ''Manga/FistOfTheNorthStar'' brand.
* ''VideoGame/{{Commando}}'' and ''VideoGame/BionicCommando'' were originally two unrelated arcade games titled ''Senjō no Ōkami'' (literally "Wolf of the Battlefield") and ''Top Secret'' respectively in Japan. Capcom USA would try to justify the connection between the two by claiming that the protagonist in the latter was Super Joe after being given a bionic arm, which was really just a grappling hook attached to his regular arm. The later NES version of ''Bionic Commando'' would try to solidify the connection between the two games by having the actual Super Joe around as a supporting character.
* ''Toshinden S'' was released internationally as ''VideoGame/BattleArenaToshinden Remix''. Both titles indicate a "remixed" UsefulNotes/SegaSaturn version of the original UsefulNotes/PlayStation game, though the international title seems to have taken after another 3D FightingGame for the Saturn, ''VideoGame/VirtuaFighter Remix''.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' episode "Band Geeks" is called "Hör mal wer da spielt" (Listen, who's playing) in Germany, a pun on ''HomeImprovement'''s German title ''Hör mal wer da hämmert'' (Listen, who's hammering).
** Which in itself seems to have been an attempt in cashing in on the (literally) translated title of ''Look who's talking'' which spawned a lot of similarly themed names.
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' is dubbed in Latin America under the title of ''Un agente de familia'' (An Agent of the Family). This is a play off {{Seth McFarlane}}'s other animated show ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', which is dubbed in the same region under the title ''Padre de familia'' (Father of the Family)
** Spain follows the trope in a slightly different way. ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' is still known as ''Padre de familia'', while ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' is ''Padre "Made in USA"'' ("Father 'Made in USA'", notice the English). In a stroke of luck, adding the ''padre'' part to the title of the first series actually helped them connect it to the second series.