aka: Trickster Archetype
This can't end well.
Aelius: I think that if someone tried to rob you in the street, you'd pick his pocket, sell him a better knife and probably offer him a job as a tax collector.
A trickster is a character who plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behavior. The Trickster openly questions and mocks authority, encourages impulse and enthusiasm, seeks out new ideas and experiences, destroys convention and complacency, and promotes chaos and unrest. At the same time, the trickster brings new knowledge, wisdom and many An Aesop
. Even when punished horribly for his effrontery, his indomitable spirit (or plain sheer foolishness) keeps him coming back for more.
Tricksters can be anything from gods of chaos, bedeviling heroes for a few laughs, to master manipulators who use cruel ploys and sadistic choices
. They can also be heroes
(or more likely Anti-Heroes
) who make up for a lack of strength or bravery with manipulation, planning
, or just plain cheating
. The trickster is often a Master of Disguise
and may have magical or super-powers. They're often found Walking the Earth
In mythology and religion, the trickster deity breaks the rules of the gods or nature, sometimes maliciously but usually, albeit unintentionally
, with ultimately positive effects. Often, the bending/breaking of rules takes the form of tricks or thievery, and their actions often end up changing
the rules in the process of breaking them, much like an act of "civil disobedience". Tricksters can be cunning or foolish or both; they are often funny even when considered sacred or performing important cultural tasks. Despite this nuanced characterisation, tricksters are unfortunately prone to being Hijacked By Satan
in modern adaptations.
In modern literature the trickster survives as a character archetype. Often too, the Trickster is distinct in a story by his acting as a sort of catalyst, in that his antics are the cause of other characters' discomfiture, but he himself is left untouched.
The Trickster is NOT the same as the Jerkass
. While the Trickster may be mischievous, impudent and uppity, he is not necessarily openly malevolent or sociopathic; in fact, in many cases (Prometheus
, for example) Tricksters are more
friendly to humanity than the gods are
Compare Messianic Archetype
and The Fool
. May overlap with Nominal Hero
, particularly if the trickster is doing it purely for fun.
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- Domino's Pizza mascot The Noid.
- The Trix Rabbit.
- McDonald's Hamburglar.
- Mayhem, played by Dean Winters as seen here.
- Chester Cheetah from the recent series of Cheetos Commercials
Anime and Manga
- Vash the Stampede from Trigun. Knives Millions too, to a large extent.
- Fullmetal Alchemist:
- The homunculi, especially Envy.
- Edward Elric definitely fits this trope himself, especially when dealing with more corrupt alchemists.
- The Mad Hatter in Angel Sanctuary.
- The Count from Gankutsuou.
- Count D. from Pet Shop of Horrors.
- Tomie from Tomie.
- Xelloss in The Slayers. He even refers to himself as a "trickster priest." ("fuzaketa puriisto", "the playful priest"; sometimes translated as "roguish priest" or "mysterious priest".)
- Holo from Spice and Wolf.
- The Sinners in Chrono Crusade, particularly Aion.
- Naruto Uzumaki from Naruto crosses this trope with Determinator.
- Joseph Joestar, to the Nth frickin' degree. "Your next words will be..."
- Hiruma Youichi from Eyeshield 21.
- Mahou Sensei Negima! has both Kazumi Asakura and Haruna Saotome acting like this on occasion.
- Blue (Green in the US) in Pokémon Special.
- Duplica the Ditto trainer, Zorua, and various Ghost Pokémon in the Pokémon anime.
- Kaworu Nagisa in Neon Genesis Evangelion.
- Johann Liebert from Monster.
- Satoko Houjou from Higurashi no Naku Koro ni.
- Many characters in Haruhi Suzumiya, Haruhi herself included.
- Seitokai no Ichizon has Chizuru.
- Bleach's Gin Ichimaru. Bonus points for not one, but two trickster Animal Motifs.
- The unnamed female protagonist from Trickster by Aro Hiroshi.
- Xerxes Break from Pandora Hearts.
- Word of God says Romania from Axis Powers Hetalia is one.
- Izaya from Durarara!!.
- In Mayo Chiki!, Kanade runs circles around most other characters. Or make them run circles around her, at any rate.
- Niou Masaharu from The Prince of Tennis. It's even his in-universe nickname.
- Hisoka from Hunter × Hunter.
- Yuno Gasai from Future Diary.
- Monkey D. Luffy from One Piece. The fact that he's also an Idiot Hero makes his opponents wonder whether he's really this or just really lucky.
- Chantez Arpinion of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vivid, a highly mischievous nun who uses a deceptive fighting style that utilizes Super Speed, Doppelgänger Attack techniques, Invisibility, and bald-faced lying. In fact, her first full scene had her cheerfully lying to the Clone Jesus analogue of her Church just so she could have an opening in their sparring match. A later chapter reveals that she used to be a Street Urchin before the Saint Church took her in, which likely influenced this part of her personality.
Collectible Card Games
- In the Yu-Gi-Oh! OCG, the Ghosttrick Archetype's effects revolve around flipping monsters face-down and protecting themselves as long as they are face-down. In effect, they act like pranksters or mischievous spirits: popping out and scaring people, then running away and hiding.
- Charlie Chaplin
- Many of the characters Eddie Murphy has portrayed are Tricksters.
- The Mask (explicitly linked to Loki) and most other characters played by Jim Carrey, some mentioned elsewhere on this page, some not - such as Andy Kaufman (Man on the Moon), a Real Life trickster figure who would be called a troll today.
- Mushu from Mulan II.
- From Star Wars:
- Han Solo, to a degree. In the Brian Daley novels he pulls a wide array of tricks, with a playfulness that nicely offsets his grimmer, mercenary side.
- Yoda. Though he would technically be more along the lines of Trickster Mentor, it's usually assumed that he likes practical jokes for their own value, too.
- Jack Sparrow. Captain Jack Sparrow.
- In the commentary of the first film, during the scene where he tricks the two Interceptor guards into arguing, allowing him to slide out of the frame, sneak aboard and get behind the wheel before they even realise he's gone, the writers joke that they consider this scene akin to a Bugs Bunny cartoon.
- You need a name with a bit of style. Mixed with... romance. Something like... Valentine.
- Kayako and Toshio from Ju-on (and the remake series, The Grudge).
- Tyler Durden of Fight Club is a more malicious, destructive example.
- Ferris Bueller
- The Marx Brothers, particularly Groucho. And by extension, Roland T. Flakfizer from Brain Donors
- Flip from Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland.
- Reg Dunlop from Slap Shot, as he hoodwinks a town.
- Meeko from Pocahontas, although he's a bit less of trickster and more of an outright thief.
- The short comedy Harold Of Orange was made to show how this trope would be played out in Real Life.
- Mr. Nick from The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. Yes, he's the Devil but he seems more interested in playing games than damning souls, to the extent that he actually tries to prevent Parnassus' daughter from going into Hell and when she does says, "Damn, I won" in a tone of regret.
- Thor has Loki, the on-screen incarnation of the comic book character of the same name who, in turn, was based on the Norse God of trickery and chaos. When he returns post-banishment in The Avengers, he's decidedly less tricksterish, being now bent on revenge and subjugating Earth. In Thor: The Dark World Loki is more tricksy than ever, and his powers of illusion drive much of the plot.
- Alice in Wonderland: The Cheshire Cat.
- The Drode in Animorphs.
- Miles Vorkosigan.
- Puck from The Sisters Grimm. Given that he's supposed to be Shakespeare's Puck (from A Midsummer Night's Dream), this is unsurprising.
- Br'er Rabbit from Song of the South based on African-American folktales, is the American version of this archetype.
- Bugs Bunny, the former Trope Namer, is claimed to be a cross between Br'er Rabbit and Groucho Marx, himself an example.
- El-ahrairah, the rabbit folk hero in Watership Down is stated to be based on Br'er Rabbit. As a punishment for his trickery, all the creatures of the world were set against him (and rabbitkind)... which just means he has to be extra-tricksy to escape from them.
- The Grinch and The Cat in the Hat both fit this archetype to a t. And they do look almost quite similar in their live action incarnations.
- Merry and Pippin from Lord of the Rings are also Those Two Guys.
- Granny Weatherwax. You don't have to have a sense of humour to be a Trickster!
- Also, Moist von Lipwig.
- Scrappy the kangaroo from "The Last Continent". Acknowledged in exposition as a trickster god and therefore the sort of guy who puts a land mine under a seat cushion for a bit of a chuckle.
- Other Discworld trickster gods are Hoki the Jokester (banned from Dunmanifestin for pulling "the old exploding misteltoe trick") and the dwarfish mine-spirit Agi Hammerthief.
- Randal Patrick McMurphy from One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. The novel's author, Ken Kesey, was something of a real-life example as well: he helped kick-start the hippie movement and drove around America in a painted bus handing out hallucinogens like candy. Then when he was on the run from the police he fled to Mexico and later went back over the border on horseback dressed as a cowboy.
- The Meddler of the Firekeeper novels, who is known for having seemingly good intentions but never stopping to consider the consequences.
- The Marquis of Carabas in Neverwhere by Neil Gaiman. He is named after the alias used by Puss In Boots, a Trickster character in his own right.
- Neil also wrote his own story about Anansi, going by the name of Charlie Nancy. He has... well, two sons who inherit his powers.
- Wednesday in American Gods, to say nothing of Low Key.
- Neal Stephenson very evidently likes to both use and reference this archetype; Hiro Protagonist is a Trickster/Technologist in Snow Crash, as are many of the key figures of both Cryptonomicon and The Diamond Age. In The Diamond Age, The Hacker is explicitly namechecked as a modern trickster archetype, and in Cryptonomicon Enoch Root discusses with Randy the way various cultures have interpreted the archetype - from worship (Athena) to deep distrust (Loki). Root himself plays the role of Trickster Mentor in The Baroque Cycle. Jack Shaftoe is the Trickster in spades as is, to a lesser extent, Eliza
- The Count of Monte Cristo.
- Colin in John C. Wright's Chronicles of Chaos. Always ready to pull a stunt whenever they need a distraction.
- Harlequin, as seen in the story "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison.
- Neil Gaiman's "Harlequin Valentine".
- In Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book, Tabaqui the Jackal.
"All thanks for this good meal," he said, licking his lips. "How beautiful are the noble children! How large are their eyes! And so young too! Indeed, indeed, I might have remembered that the children of kings are men from the beginning."
Now, Tabaqui knew as well as anyone else that there is nothing so unlucky as to compliment children to their faces. It pleased him to see Mother and Father Wolf look uncomfortable.
- Kyprioth is the trickster god of Tamora Pierce's Tortall but the human Aly gives him a run for his money.
- Paladine in the Dragonlance novels. His greatest trick was doubtless passing himself off as the god of law, majesty, and nobility.
- Robin Goodfellow in the Cal Leandros series. His species is a puck.
- Aiken Drum in Julian May's Saga of the Exiles, exiled for such pranks as altering a dam's configuration so that a giant penis sticks out of it, peeing water. and that's before he gets super powers
- Willy Wonka of Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (and its many adaptations) is a Trickster Mentor and the trope namer for another trickster subtrope — The Wonka.
- John Taylor from the Nightside novels, sometimes.
- In Harry Potter:
- Fred and George Weasley.
- Dumbledore has shades of the Trickster Mentor.
- Peeves is also a good example, but the Twins prove their superiority when, in Book Five, they leave and order Peeves to "Give her (Umbridge) hell from us." And Peeves salutes!
- Foxface in The Hunger Games, known for being Too Clever by Half.
- The Shapeshifting Gloamglozer in The Edge Chronicles. The creature itself admits to being "a trickster, a liar, a cheat and a fraud."
- Warrior Cats has Sol. In addition to his life of travelling the earth to screw things up in as many places as possible, he has actually once been called a trickster in the books.
- Pocket in Christopher Moore's Fool.
- Coyote in his Coyote Blue.
- Repairman Jack. Even though he's an "urban mercenary" he prefers using his wits to solve a problem than violence and his violent solutions often show a twisted sense of humor.
- Mat Cauthon of the Wheel of Time novels.
- The Darksword Trilogy has Simkin.
- In John C. Wright's The Golden Age, The Phoenix Exultant, and The Golden Transcedence, the Neptunians. All of them. They live that far out to live a wild life in which sending people computer viruses is considered high spirits. In The Golden Transcedence, Diomedes comments that he would steal a ship to carry out their plan, but he's surprised that inner-system people like Phaethon and Atkins would.
- Colin from the post-Apocalypse novel Malevil. Shrewd, often a pain in the ass, and as Emmanuel's favorite friend allowed to get away with a lot.
- In Rafael Sabatini's Scaramouche, Andre-Louis plays this role on stage and in life. This aspect of the character comes out even more so in the 1952 film.
- Ulric Skakki in Harry Turtledove's Golden Shrine trilogy.
- Tzigone from Counselors and Kings is a highly intelligent and playful street performer/thief (with latent magical abilities, though she really only starts developing those in the second and third books) who enjoys mocking her stratified society and overturning its rules wherever possible. Unlike some tricksters, though, when push comes to shove she's plainly one of the good guys.
- Francisco d'Anconia from Atlas Shrugged.
- Robin Goodfellow from An Elegy for the Still-living talks in riddles, plays practical jokes, manipulates anyone he can get his hands on and implies that he is the Anthropomorphic Personification of the Trickster Archetype.
- Harry Dresden of The Dresden Files believes himself to be this, but Murphy points out that he's actually very predictable, despite his occasional surpassing cleverness; he just has authority problems.
- Zosim the Trickser God is a minor member of the pantheon in Shadowmarch, though he's ultimately revealed to be the Big Bad, manipulating everybody to try and become top god. Interestingly, though the rest of his pantheon are clear counterparts to the Greco-Roman gods, Zosim himself resembles Loki far more than he does Hermes.
- In Rainbows End, Mr. Rabbit deliberately invokes this archetype, teasing both friends and foes with his technological prowess and bizarre sense of humor. In the on-line world, he is nearly a god, and he likes to leave virtual carrot ends in other people's virtual worlds.
- In the New Jedi Order, the goddess Yun-Harla is a trickster venerated by the Yuuzhan Vong and is one of their premier deities (to the point that most of the Vong's intelligence network is actually overseen by her priests, the deception sect). Midway through the series, Jaina Solo (Han and Leia's daughter) begins deliberately taking on aspects of Yun-Harla to mess with the Vong's heads and becomes a trickster in her own right as a result.
- In the Doctor Who New Adventures novel Love and War, the 25th century New Age Travellers have a trickster god they just call the Trickster (who doesn't appear to be related to the The Sarah Jane Adventures character). During Jan's vision quest, he appears to Jan as "Arlan Jardolz, the Betalan comedian" and to Ace as Vic Reeves.
- Hirahim Lightfoot in the cosmology of David Weber's The War Gods. Notable in that unlike other deities who were created or fathered by the head deity Orr, he appeared from nowhere and not even Orr seems to know his origins.
- Lestat de Lioncourt, brat prince, from The Vampire Chronicles.
- In the Rainbow Magic series, Trixie the Halloween Fairy and Addison the April Fool's Day Fairy are fond of pranks and tricking people.
Live Action TV
- Q and his son, from Star Trek. And Squire Trelane of Gothos (books have him as a Baby Q, but that's not quite in canon.
- Most of The A-Team. Especially Murdock.
- Doctor Who
- The Doctor, in practically every incarnation.
- The Master certainly qualifies as well.
- The Celestial Toymaker from the days of the First Doctor.
- Megan from Drake & Josh.
- Flabber from Beetleborgs.
- Colonel Hogan from Hogan's Heroes.
- Londo Mollari from Babylon 5.
- Shawn Spencer from Psych.
- Merlin and Trickler (it's in the name) from Merlin.
- Lucy Ricardo of I Love Lucy.
- The Trickster from The Sarah Jane Adventures.
- The Trickster from Supernatural, who is revealed to be the Archangel Gabriel. He's also known to some as Loki. He once spent an entire episode killing Dean over a hundred different times (all humorous) just to teach Sam a lesson. In the war between the Archangel Michael and Lucifer, he chooses neither side, wanting to help the humans, who most of the other angels don't seem to care about.
- Heroes: Claude Rains.
- Osawa Eriko in Boss.
- Alex Russo from Wizards of Waverly Place.
- Every strategist on Survivor.
- Uncle Arthur from Bewitched.
- Avon from Blake's 7.
- Gaius Baltar from Battlestar Galactica, although more out of desperation than anything.
- Rumplestiltskin in Once Upon a Time. Very, very much so — and he's pulled his tricks on everyone.
- Arguably, Sue Sylvester from Glee.
- Artemus Gordon from The Wild Wild West.
- This goes to the whole team of Leverage.
- The eponymous character in The Barber of Seville and The Marriage of Figaro (it's the same guy). At the time of publishing "Marriage" (the sequel in canon, but made into an opera long before the first story), this kind of character being the lead in an opera was unheard of. Combined with Figaro being a commoner, it caused quite a stir in the music world. Needless to say, now they're some of the most beloved and famous operas in the world.
- The titular Gianni Schicchi is this trope amped to ridiculous levels. His Gambit Pileup he makes up on the fly, hinging on the other characters' greed both for him to prevail in the end and get off with impunity.
- An incredibly dark version of this is Iago from Othello (sometimes spelled Otello for the opera).
- If there is one professional wrestler who qualifies, it's Eddie Guerrero. And to a lesser extent, his nephew Chavo (at least after Eddie's death).
- The Ragabash Auspice in Werewolf: The Apocalypse. Also all the Nuwisha or Werecoyotes.
- Also the Corax or Wereravens, although to a lesser extent.
- A watchtower is devoted to this concept in Mage: The Awakening, the Acanthus. A fifth of mages in existence, and all of them devoted to the trickster concept of the Fool Tarot.
- The pooka from Changeling The Dreaming.
- Warhammer 40,000 has its typical pitch black takes on it.
- Taken at face value with the Trickster Archetype in Unknown Armies.
- GURPS has the Trickster Disadvantage.
- Lunar Exalted. Quoth Robert "The Demented One" Vance:
Raksha are the drunken sorority girls to the Lunar's fratboy, except the Lunar's fratboy is a world-walking trickster-god werewolf.
- Early plays frequently featured Stock Characters of this type, usually underlings or servants—a trope solidified by the plays of Plautus. This was carried on into the Commedia dell'Arte and Elizabethan plays, such as the works of Shakespeare.
- Robin Goodfellow from A Midsummer Night's Dream—otherwise known as Puck.
- Tranio from The Taming of the Shrew—named for a similar character in Plautus' play Mostellaria.
- Pseudolus from A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum is an amalgam of every character of this type in Plautus. His name means "liar", by the way.
- In some of Tomson Highway's plays, Nanabush is a prominent character but can either not be seen or fully recognized by most characters in part symbolizing a loss and marginalization of (Canadian) native culture.
- Cirque du Soleil's KOOZA doesn't mess around — its Gentleman Snarker trickster figure is named The Trickster. Other trickster figures in Cirque include:
- The Queen of the Night and the King of Fools in Le Cirque Réinventé
- Madame Corporation and the Great Chamberlain in Nouvelle Experience (Great Gazoo)
- Le Baron and Eddie in Saltimbanco (separate characters but played by the same actor), as well as the Baroques (a Blithe Spirit species)
- Brian Le Petit in Mystere (Screwy Squirrel)
- The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time's Nabooru, The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess' Midna, and hauntingly with The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask's Skull Kid.
- Illidan Stormrage from World of Warcraft: He managed to deceive demon lords and to gain their powers (The vision of Sargeras, for example). He had a cunning and inventive intellect- he was the first demon hunter, using the powers of the Burning Legion against itself. His "gift" for the nightelves slightly reminds at the Titan Prometheus, too. The arcane is compareable to fire: It can lead both to high cultural advantages (the elves of the magical kingdom Quel'thalas were admired even by the mages of Dalaran for their perfection in the arcane arts) and immense destruction). Additionally, Illidan had traits of an Anti-Hero.
- Kefka from Final Fantasy VI falls squarely into the "evil trickster" mold, then becomes something even worse.
- Yuffie Kisaragi and Cait Sith from Final Fantasy VII
- Namine from Kingdom Hearts
- Highly Visible Thief Kay Faraday of Ace Attorney.
- Juppo and Meg from the Suikoden series are "tricksters" by occupation.
- Touhou has Yukari Yakumo and Tewi Inaba.
- In Remember 11, Yuni is (rightfully) called Trickster in the opening credits, to go with the game's Jungian tones.
- Pokémon Black and White introduces us to Zorua/Zoroark and Cottonee/Whimsicott. Cottonee has Prankster as one of its abilities, and Zorua can actually disguise itself as another Pokémon to trick its enemies.
- Lance Galahad sure is one in Brain Dead 13, especially when he plays a few ones on Fritz from the very beginning.
- Liz Polanski. Oh Liz. This is a character who starts out her game Obfuscating Insanity by slicing the head off a dead body and carrying it around, smearing her face with makeup, and overall trying to make herself look as Ax-Crazy as possible in front of other students so they'll leave her alone. She then one-ups herself by pouring melted aluminum all over her collar to deactivate it. And it works.
- The YouTube parodies of Der Untergang turn Hermann Fegelein into a Trickster Arch-Enemy of Hitler. Everything that goes wrong in the Third Reich can be attributed to Fegelein and his antics. Himmler helps him out on it too on at least one occasion, and is pretty explicitly said in the parodies to also have been a major trickster.
- While Beltane and Thorn both see themselves as tricksters among the students at Whateley Academy in the Whateley Universe, they are nothing compared to Sun Wu Kong, who has been plaguing Bladedancer ever since his first appearance.
- Eris from Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas spends all of her time playing tricks on the protagonist (along with all the mortals in the story) and well, just causing general chaos. just listen to this theme song
- Bugs Bunny: the classic Karmic Trickster.
- Daffy Duck (originally)
- The mynah bird
- Woody Woodpecker
- Roger Rabbit
- Chipn Dale
- Martin Mystery
- Heather from Total Drama Island
- Norman from Fireman Sam
- The Genie from Disney's Aladdin.
- Crash and Eddie from Ice Age 2.
- Bart Simpson from The Simpsons.
- Br'er Rabbit from Song of the South and the original stories. In Disney's adaptation, and all adaptations since then, the pronunciation has been "brayer", as if it were a mispronunciation of "brier", when, in actuality, "Br'er" is supposed to be pronounced as "bruh", meaning "Brother". This character is deconstructed in Ralph Bakshi's Coonskin, where "Br'er" is correctly pronounced.
- Norm the Genie from The Fairly OddParents
- Digeri Dingo from Taz-Mania. He often tricks Taz into doing dangerous things for his own profit. To keep him from being The Scrappy, he's got some of the wittiest, most hilarious lines in the series and could possibly fall into Ensemble Dark Horse status because of this.
- Gargoyles has Puck. "What fools these mortals be!" Coyote, Raven and Anansi. Xanatos (yes, that Xanatos) very much patterns himself after the mythological trickster. On his website, Greg Weisman was once asked about including the Egyptian god Seth, and noted that "He's basically a Trickster figure[...]and I already have four of those to play with."
- The Dingo family in Blinky Bill, but mostly Danny and Daisy.
- Hexadecimal of ReBoot. Off the wall, powerful and above all, an artist.
- Heloise of Jimmy Two-Shoes.
- Word of God describes The Spectacular Spider-Man versions of Spidey himself and the Green Goblin this way.
- In Xiaolin Showdown, one of the first things Raimundo does is pants Omi and complain about the mat beds.
- The Magic Man from Adventure Time lives solely to knock heroes down a peg.
- Discord from My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic looks and acts like a Trickster, but beneath it there's a hidden side of malice. Also, when push comes to shove and trickery fails, he's not above just Cutting the Knot to get what he wants. Princess Celestia from the same show is a good version of this trope; fans don't call her "Trollestia" for nothing.
- T.J. Detweiler from Recess. King Bob was this as well before he became king of the playground.
- Loki, from Marvel's animated feature Thor: Tales of Asgard.
- Stitch from Lilo and Stitch.
- June from KaBlam! is basically a female, human, eleven-year-old version of Bugs Bunny
- Aang from Avatar: The Last Airbender , before he developed as a character.