aka: The Swinging Sixties
Come mothers and fathersThe Swingin' Sixties hold a special place in popular culture, mostly because the people who came of age in that decade cannot stop talking about how great it was. The Theme Park Version of the Swingin' Sixties includes: "free love" and beehive hairdos, hippies and southern sheriffs, Psychedelic Rock and girl groups, marijuana and the pill, sexy male spies in tuxedos and sexy female spies in leather catsuits (or in miniskirts with go-go boots, or in leather miniskirt catsuits), the Charlie Brown Christmas special, Peter Fonda dropping acid in a graveyard, prim newscasters speaking in clipped tones about those wild youngsters having too much fun, and everybody doing "The Twist". In Britain it includes the rise of Carnaby Street (inevitably accompanied by The Kinks' "Dedicated Follower of Fashion"), Mary Quant (the Mother who Made Miniskirts Mainstream), Harold Wilson, the satire boom, and a bunch of Buccaneer Broadcasters demolishing The BBC's radio monopoly. It was all about the music: Mop-topped mods and cock-walking rockers all the rage, and the British were cool for the first time in recorded history. Except to the British, who were way into India. The Sixties gave us Woodstock, three days of peace and music. And then a little later, Altamont, roughly six hours of skull-cracking brutality set to music. Of course, much of this great music was made in the context of political unrest: Escalation of The Vietnam War was met with a powerful protest movement, admired (or vilified, depending on your viewpoint) to this day for stopping the war dead in its tracks just nine years later. President John F. Kennedy narrowly averted an end-of-the-world nuclear showdown, then was shot dead. Medgar Evers, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X gave voice to the Civil Rights Movement, and then were shot dead. Robert F. Kennedy renewed the country's spirits with a message of hope and unity, and then was shot dead. Really, the only important political figures who survived the 60s alive were LBJ and Tricky Dick (Ronald Reagan was also on the rise, but he didn't count just yet). This was the era of COINTELPRO, with Government Agents surveilling, infiltrating and discrediting Anti-War and other groups to the point of sowing distrust and paranoia among these groups to Philip K Dick levels. This was not limited to the United states. France nearly had a revolution in May of 1968, with West Germany having massive protests as well. Social unrest in Italy balooned into the Years Of Lead in the 1970s, as well as the Red Army Faction in Germany. Czechoslavakia attempted a Velvet Revolution, but the Soviet Union invaded to suppress the social change in 1968. In China, Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution in 1966, and the country soon fell into chaos. The Sixties were also the time of The Space Race - Following the launch of Sputnik in 1957, the first manned launches took place in 1961 (First Russian Yuri Gagarin in April, followed closely by Alan Shepard in May.) The idea of people actually entering space for the first time led to a new fascination with Science, and a corresponding boom to Science Fiction. John F. Kennedy ordered the seemingly impossible - putting men on the Moon. After his death, America's resolve was steeled, and the course was set. The route to the Moon was very nearly derailed by the disastrous Apollo 1 fire, claiming the lives of 3 American astronauts in a test. Over a year of unmanned testing went on, trying to repair the mistakes. A return to space flight in late 1968 led to an epic Christmas flyby of the Moon by Apollo 8, one of the most watched television broadcasts in history. Finally, in 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon, fulfilling Kennedy's mission and marking the first time a human being had walked on another celestial body. That's what you learn watching TV and movies about the Sixties. No Sixties Montage is complete without them. If not set to Jimi Hendrix playing "All Along the Watchtower" or "The Star-Spangled Banner", then "Get Together" by the Youngbloods. But if you watch TV and movies from the Sixties, it's as if half of that stuff never happened. Some of the decade's landmark events, such as the Stonewall Riots in 1969 that kicked off the gay rights movement, were barely acknowledged until the 1990s. Our cultural memory has selected The Grateful Dead and Aretha Franklin from a musical landscape that had a lot more Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass than seems sonically possible; and the squares of the first half of the decade actually dressed a lot cooler than the hippies of the latter half, who frankly come off as a little grimy. A standout example of this is The Andy Griffith Show, whose title actor portrays a Southern sheriff and in which not a whisper of the civil rights movement is mentioned. Nonetheless, the sheer volume of memorable songs, shows, books, and movies from the Sixties is testament to the creativity of its artists. The decade did give us Star Trek: The Original Series, Doctor Who, James Bond (the films, anyway), Spider-Man, Fantastic Four, Woody Allen, The Graduate, The Prisoner, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Who, James Brown, Motown, Underground Comics,... the list goes on. Their continued popularity ensures the Sixties will be around for a long time. Politically speaking, it more or less started with the escalation of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement at the beginning of the decade and ended with the Kent State Massacre in 1970. Culturally speaking, it started with the release of Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho in 1960 (though some argued it was with John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963 that triggered the "Swinging Sixties" part) and ended with the Altamont Free Concert in 1969 (or the breakup of The Beatles in early 1970). The Manson Family's murderous activities in this time frame didn't help much, either. See Also: The Roaring Twenties, The Great Depression, The Forties, The Fifties, The '70s, The '80s, The '90s, Turn of the Millennium and The New Tens.
Throughout the land
And donít criticize
What you canít understand
Your sons and your daughters
Are beyond your command
Your old road is rapidly aginí
Please get out of the new one if you canít lend your hand
For the times they are a-changiní
Throughout the land
And donít criticize
What you canít understand
Your sons and your daughters
Are beyond your command
Your old road is rapidly aginí
Please get out of the new one if you canít lend your hand
For the times they are a-changiní
Popular tropes from this time period are:
- All Bikers Are Hells Angels: While the Hells Angels already existed since 1947 they become more recognizable and feared during the 1960s.
- Beehive Hairdo: A popular haircut for women.
- British Rock Star: A creation of this decade, with John Lennon, Paul McCartney and Mick Jagger as the main examples.
- Buccaneer Broadcaster: Many illegal radio stations popped up who operated on boats just outside the coastlines, where they couldn't get prosecuted. They owed their popularity to the fact that they played Rock in a time when most mainstream radio stations didn't.
- Civil Rights Movement: In 1963 Martin Luther King held his "I Have A Dream" speech and a year later the constitution was finally changed to give Afro-Americans equal rights in the USA. Unfortunately this major success didn't stop an endless series of race riots and the assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King.
- Cold War: Still going on. The US and USSR spent most of their military efforts indirectly during the Vietnam War.
- Commune: Hippies form them.
- Conscription: Many men were drafted in the USA and sent off to Vietnam.
- Dangerously Short Skirt: Initially knee-length during the dawn of the decade, then rose to 'mini' by mid-decade, then alternatives like 'micro', 'midi', and 'maxi' arrived late in the decade. The rising hemlines reminisced The Roaring Twenties, when skirts rose or fell just as economy rose or fell.
- Darker and Edgier: Compared to The Fifties. War, the Civil Rights Movement, many protests, the president was assassinated, hippies, need we say more?
- 1968 stands out as being one of the most Grim Dark years in recent American history: MLK, Jr. and RFK were both gunned down, riots in more than 100 cities, anti-war protests, Vietnam was at its lowest point, and the chaos at the Democratic National Convention.
- Foreign Culture Fetish: From 1965 on Central Asian music, philosophy and religion became increasingly popular in the West. Ravi Shankar played at rock festivals and gurus like the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the Hara Krishna movement gained a huge following. As Salman Rushdie described it: "Being Indian made you extremely sexy in the 1960s." Hinduism, Buddhism, Zen and the I-Ching also gained popularity.
- French New Wave: The French were a bit behind Rock and Roll but they reinvented cinema completely, paving the way for the New Hollywood.
- Funny Afro: Afro-Americans started wearing this hairstyle more.
- The Generation Gap: Already prominent in the 1950s, but became more noticeable during the 1960s, when parents' and adults' old-fashioned values contrasted heavily with those of the young people who were in favor of social change.
- Granola Girl: Your standard hippie chick.
- Greaser Delinquents: Very common in Real Life and to a much lesser extent, pop culture, although nowhere near as common as they were in The Fifties, in both the real 1960's and portrayals of it in later fiction.
- Hippie Van: A popular vehicle for hippies travelling to California or Katmandu.
- Limited Animation: Animation became less and less sophisticated due to budget restraints.
- Long Hot Summer: The summer of '67 is popularly dubbed the summer of love.
- Messy Hair: The Beatles haircut and longer hair styles became popular and the concern of many adults.
- Music Tropes: Since the widespread popularity of rock music around the world, and with America's losing interest with classic Rock & Roll, newer musicians stepped up to the scene to kick it with a new flavour. Rock subgenres and other genres include:
- Alternative Rock and Avant-garde Music: Rock finally got his alternative/avant-garde movement, with The Fugs, Frank Zappa, Pink Floyd, Velvet Underground, Captain Beefheart as the most important acts.
- Afrobeat: African artists start to emulate Afro-American funk with traditional African music.
- Arena Rock: Launched by the Beatles performing at Chť Stadium in 1965.
- Baroque Pop: One of the pop music styles to debut during this decade.
- Blues Rock: Blues experienced an enormous revival, with many white youngsters starting their own rock version of the genre, The Rolling Stones, Cream, John Mayall,... being the most famous examples.
- Boy Band: Popularized by The Beatles.
- The British Invasion: Rock got an enormous revitilization thanks to the success of British rock bands such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Who, The Kinks and Pink Floyd.
- Folk Music: Experienced a revival in interest, spearlined by the popularity of Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Joan Baez, Peter Paul And Mary, Donovan,... and others.
- Funk: James Brown and Sly And The Family Stone made it very popular.
- Girl Group: Girl groups existed before, but they become more prominent during this era, with The Marvelettes, The Ronettes, The Supremes, Martha and the Vandellas,... as prime examples.
- Garage Rock: Garage bands come into prominence.
- Motown: It's sound brought on a wave of black musicians impacting pop culture.
- Outsider Music: In 1968 more artists who can't sing start to gain a cult following, like Wild Man Fischer and The Shaggs.
- Progressive Rock: Starts to get in vogue near the end of the 1960s, but will become more prominent in the 1970s.
- Protest Song: A staple of 1960s Folk Music, usually advocating peace and civil rights, while targeting the Vietnam War.
- Protopunk: From 1967 on some rock bands start to make music with a darker, louder and more minimalistic sound that can be seen as the forerunner of punk and thus will only get very popular in the 1970s.
- Psychedelic Rock: From the mid 1960s on rock started using more psychedelic elements, influenced by hallucinogenic drugs like marihuana and LSD. The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, The Doors and The Grateful Dead being the most famous examples.
- Reggae: Between 1968 and 1969 the genre evolves out of rocksteady, but it remains a Carribean phenomenon. From the 1970s on it will become global.
- Ska: Between 1962 and 1965 it's the most popular music style in Jamaica and highly popular in the UK too.
- Soul: The most popular Afro-American music style during this era, lead by James Brown, Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder, The Supremes,...
- Rooftop Concert: Done first by the Beatles in 1969, on the roof of the Abbey Road Studios, as documented in Let It Be.
- Surf Rock: Between 1961 and 1964 rock artists like The Beach Boys and Dick Dale become popular with music fit for the surf culture.
- New-Age Retro Hippie: The age of the hippie culture.
- New Hollywood: Hollywood realized their old-fashioned pictures didn't catch on with the young crowd and thus they allowed younger directors to step in and take a chance.
- New Wave Science Fiction
- Scooter-Riding Mod: Mod culture orginated in this decade.
- Space Race: The Russians bring the first man, Yuri Gagarin, and first woman, Valentina Tereshkova, into space. The US manages the bring the first man on the moon: Neil Armstrong.
- Spaghetti Western: Old westerns lose their popularity as the grittier and more violent westerns of Sergio Leone and Sergio Corbucci become cult successes. Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef, Franco Nero and Charles Bronson owe their career to them.
- Spy Catsuit: A popular outfit for women in spy dramas. Think Emma Peel in The Avengers.
- Spy Drama: James Bond launched the popularity of a lot of spy dramas, with I Spy, Thunderbirds, The Saint, Get Smart and The Avengers as the most well known examples.
- There Are No Therapists (The anti-psychiatry movement emerged in the 60s, and was when it had the most steam).
- This is the Decade on Drugs: No other decade in The 20th Century can bring euphoric experimentation as this. Along with hippies and mods, it gave us:
- Higher Understanding Through Drugs: As marihuana and LSD became more popular under young people many used it under the excuse that they were searching for a higher meaning of life or artistic progress. The innocence of casual drug use got more sour from 1968 on, when harder drugs made their entrance and the first drug-related deaths were reported, like Brian Jones in 1969. A popular trope is the Erudite Stoner who is in favor of social change, but does not do anything except being high and listen to Psychedelic Rock all time.
- Junkie Prophet: Some people advocated drug use as Higher Understanding Through Drugs, with Timothey Leary and his message "Turn On, Tune In and Drop Out" as the most famous example.
- Sex, Drugs and Rock & Roll: The introduction of the anti conception pill made it easier for women to not get pregnant, thus paving the way for more sex.
- The Stoner and the Erudite Stoner: As marijuana became more popular under teenagers and youngsters many movies and songs were made to capitalize on it, with Ode to Intoxication messages and psychedelic effects.
- Stoner Flick: A movie genre that took off in the late 1960s.
- Watch It Stoned: Many counterculture movies and albums were made with the purpose of being experienced while high.
- Trope Makers and Trope Codifiers: Pressing on with the experimental and the avant-garde on film and television, tropes that had been spoofed to death are:
- Abbey Road Crossing: The often parodied cover of The Beatles' Abbey Road made its introduction during this decade.
- Also Sprach Zarathustra: The success of 2001: A Space Odyssey made Richard Strauss' "Sunrise" from "Also Sprach Zarathustra" the Standard Snippet to play when characters do "important things" in pop culture.
- Bigger Than Jesus: John Lennon's claim in 1966 that The Beatles were more popular than Jesus Christ note caused a huge scandal. He apologized for it, but the phrase entered pop culture soon afterwards.
- Bond Gun Barrel: Turned into a Stock Parody thanks to the success of James Bond.
- Ennio Morricone Pastiche: The success of Sergio Leone's Spaghetti Western epics made spoofs of Ennio Morricone's music during western scenes a staple of pop culture.
- The Monolith: 2001: A Space Odyssey popularized the image of a monolith in science fiction stories.
- How the Character Stole Christmas: Naturally became a Stock Parody thanks to How the Grinch Stole Christmas!.
- Psycho Strings and "Psycho" Shower Murder Parody: The shower scene in Psycho had a huge cultural impact, exemplified by the countless parodies, spoofs and homages it inspired.
- Riding the Bomb: A Stock Parody popularized by Dr. Strangelove.
- Sgt. Pepper's Shout-Out: Spoofing or referencing the cover of The Beatles Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band became a Stock Parody from this decade on.
- Supermarionation: Shows like Stingray1964 and Thunderbirds popularize it.
- To The Bat Noun: A Stock Parody ignited by the Batman TV show.
- Tuxedo and Martini: Popularized by James Bond.
- Where No Parody Has Gone Before: The popularity of Star Trek made references to the series a Stock Parody.
- You Meddling Kids: A Stock Parody popularized by ScoobyDoo.
- Underground Comics: A counterculture of comics came into existence, tackling taboo subjects like sex, drugs and politics. The most prominent being Fritz the Cat and The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers.
- The Vietnam War: The war that divided the world in people who supported it and those who were against it.
Works set (but not made) during this time period include:
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Anime & Manga
- Code Geass, set in a (technologically advanced) Alternate History version of what we would recognize as the 1960s; more specifically AD 1962-63. The spin-off Code Geass: Akito the Exiled takes place around the same time as the original series in an alternate E.U.
- From Up on Poppy Hill - Set in a realistic 1963.
- Kids on the Slope the story begins in the summer of 1966.
- Marvel Comics: While it's true that the company that would later be known as Marvel (Atlas) existed before then, the Marvel universe proper didn't exist until 1961. And once it did, Marvel would prove to be one of the most well-known, influential, and (at the time) ground-breaking comic companies not just of that era, but decades later. Even today, you'd be hard pressed to find someone who hasn't at least heard of Marvel.
- Zot! is set in a world where the year is always 1965.
- Chilling Adventures of Sabrina takes Sabrina the Teenage Witch back to being in the sixties, more specifically 1968.
- Stuck Rubber Baby, a 1995 graphic novel set during the Civil Rights Movement.
- March, a comic about the life of African-American US Congressman John Lewis and his participation in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s (though the 50s are prominently featured too).
- Superboy thanks to DC's sliding timeline was moved up to this decade with his 1980 title relaunch.
- Across the Universe
- American Graffiti
- Animal House
- Annabelle (most of the film set in 1969)
- Apollo 13
- Austin Powers, partially
- The Boat That Rocked, released in America as "Pirate Radio"
- The Book Of Manson, about the Manson Family.
- Brighton Rock (the 2010 Film of the Book was set in 1964)
- Brokeback Mountain, partially
- Catch Me If You Can
- Cooley High
- The Debt (Most of it)
- Dirty Dancing
- An Education
- Eve's Bayou
- Forrest Gump, partially
- Frequency, partially
- Fritz the Cat
- Girl Interrupted
- Inside Llewyn Davis
- Jumanji: At least half or one-third of it is set in 1969.
- The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (2015)
- Matinee, at the start (Cuban Missile Crisis)
- Men in Black 3: J travels back in time to 1969 to stop an Alien Invasion in the present.
- Moonrise Kingdom
- A Serious Man
- Taking Woodstock
- Teen Beach Movie
- Temple Grandin
- That Thing You Do!
- Thirteen Days
- The Toolbox Murders
- X-Men: First Class
- Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret.
- Devil May Care — Written in 2008, set in 1967.
- The Ghost Writer: The story starts during this period.
- Go Ask Alice
- Hearts in Atlantis
- The Help (also a movie)
- Inherent Vice
- Paris in the Twentieth Century — Written in 1863, but set in 1960.
- Replay — Spans 25 years. Several times.
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
- A Single Man
- Hullo Russia Goodbye England
Live Action TV
- An Adventure in Space and Time, about the original creation of Doctor Who.
- American Dreams
- Brides of Christ is set during the Sixties, but avoids many of the stereotypes.
- China Beach was a War/Medical Drama that ran on ABC from 1988 to 1991. It featured a group of characters serving at the real China Beach Rest and Recreation (R & R) station and the fictional 510th Evacuation Hospital during The Vietnam War.
- Michael Mann's mid-1980s Crime Story was a gritty series pitting lawmen against mobsters in the Rat Pack-era early '60s.
- Action comedy Danger 5 pits the eponymous team against Stupid Jetpack Hitler in a 60s Alternate History. Deliberately produced so it looks like it's made in the 60s.
- Dark Skies
- From the Earth to the Moon, about the Apollo space program.
- Happy Days started out in The Fifties but had gotten to the mid-'60s (i.e., the beginning of The Sixties in a cultural sense) by the end of its run.
- Ditto its spinoff Laverne and Shirley.
- The first five episodes of the Philippine television drama Ikaw Lamang are set in 1964.
- Inspector George Gently uses the social upheaval of the sixties as the basis of some of its plots, such as how birth control was only legal if one was married.
- Jimmy Macdonald's Canada, which dealt with the mental breakdown of one of the aforementioned newscasters in the face of change.
- Mad Men, which sort of charts the transition from the '50s to the '60s. The series starts in March 1960, when Dwight D. Eisenhower was still President and the cultural vibe was very much '50s. At the end of Season 3, JFK gets shot, and Season 4 (starting on Thanksgiving 1964 and going into 1965) features SCDP in a very Sixties office (much of the furniture and interior design looks like it was done by Eero Saarinen) with at least one character doing some very Sixties things. Finally, the last season, set in 1969,note sets the stage for the transition to the disillusionment and chaos of The '70s.
- Masters Of Sex
- Oliver Beene
- Pan Am
- Serangoon Road is set in Singapore in the mid-1960s.
- A TV movie aptly titled The Sixties (1999) starring Julia Stiles. The characters manage to hit all the high points of the decade, set to a Crowning Music of Awesome soundtrack composed of Nothing But Hits.
- BioShock, which despite being set in The Sixties has a very 1930s feel to it.
- The Bureau: XCOM Declassified, set in 1962.
- Call of Duty: Black Ops
- Destroy All Humans! 2
- Graviteam Tactics: Zhalanashkol is set in August 1969, during the Sino-Soviet border conflict.
- Julia's Time Adventures
- Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater
- No One Lives Forever
- Ride to Hell: Retribution
- Team Fortress 2: While its Myth Arc spans over a century, the main setting is your bog standard Black Comedy Spy Drama... filtered through the lens of an incredibly warped Raygun Gothic, Dieselpunk version of the late 1960's and early 1970's, featuring Mad Science, Magic, the supernatural, and anachronisms out the wazoo.
- Wolfenstein: The New Order
Works set and made during this time period (at least mostly, as some say The Sixties lasted until the early '70s):
Anime and Manga
- Anime of the 1960s (for all anime and manga in general)
- Himitsu no Akko-chan. Manga started in July 1962, Anime in January 1969.
- Cyborg 009. The Manga started in 1964, the Anime in April 1968.
- Sally the Witch. The Manga started in July 1966, the Anime in December, 1966.
- Kimba the White Lion. The Anime started in October, 1965.
- Speed Racer. The manga started in June 1966, the anime in April, 1967.
- Lupin III. Started as a manga character. First appeared in August, 1967.
- GeGeGe no Kitaro. The Manga started in 1966, as a reboot of the earlier Hakaba Kitaro. The anime adaptation(s) started in January 1968.
- Attack No. 1. Manga started in January 1968, Anime started in December 1969.
- Sazae-san. Adaptation of the comic strip. Series started in October 1969.
- Tiger Mask. Manga started in 1968, Anime started in October 1969.
- Agent 327 (1967-1983) (2000-...)
- Although it actually started a few years earlier, The Silver Age of Comic Books mostly took place in the Sixties:
- Marvel Comics got into superheroes in this era, and never looked back. With the exception of Captain America and Wolverine, practically every well-known Marvel character was created in this era, in comics written by Stan Lee, and drawn by either Jack Kirby or Steve Ditko. Characters dating from this era include: the Fantastic Four, Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk, The Mighty Thor, Iron Man, The Avengers, the X-Men, Daredevil and Doctor Strange, as well as most of their iconic villains. Lee's scripts created a number of the tropes still prevalent in comics today, loosely characterised as "superheroes with real problems".
- Not to be outdone, DC Comics revived many of their characters in this era as well. The Barry Allen Flash, Hal Jordan Green Lantern and Ray Palmer Atom were new characters sharing only the names and powersets of their predecessors, but many other DC characters were simply retooled for the new era, including their Long Runners like Superman and Batman.
- Tintin. Series started in 1929.
- Spirou and Fantasio. Series began in 1938.
- Tom Poes. Series began in 1941.
- Suske en Wiske. Series began in 1945.
- Blake and Mortimer. First appeared in 1946.
- Lucky Luke. Series began in 1947.
- Piet Pienter en Bert Bibber. Series began in 1950.
- Jommeke. Series began in 1955.
- Justice League of America. Debuted in February-March, 1960.
- Captain Atom/Allen Adam. First appeared in March, 1960.
- Mickey Mouse Comic Universe
- Trudy Van Tubb. First appeared in March, 1960.
- Dangerous Dan McBoo and Idgit the Midget. First appeared in October, 1966.
- Elongated Man. First appeared in April, 1960.
- Buster started May 1960.
- Disney Ducks Comic Universe
- Brigitta MacBridge. First appeared in July, 1960.
- Jubal Pomp. First appeared in February, 1961.
- Ludwig von Drake. First appeared in September, 1961. In both comics and Animation.
- Magica De Spell. First appeared in December, 1961.
- Ms. Emily Quackfaster. First appeared in December, 1961.
- John D. Rockerduck. First appeared in December, 1961.
- Fethry Duck. First appeared in August, 1964.
- Emil Eagle. First appeared in April, 1966. Joined the Mickey Mouse Comic Universe in March, 1968.
- Benoit Brisefer. First appeared in December, 1960.
- The Pre-Hawkworld version of Hawkman/Katar Hol. First appeared in February/March, 1961.
- The Pre-Hawkworld version of Hawkwoman/Hawkgirl/Shayera Hol. First appeared in February/March, 1961.
- Bat-Girl/Betty Kane. First appeared in April, 1961.
- Batgirl/Barbara Gordon. First appeared in January, 1967.
- Sinestro. First appeared in July-August, 1961.
- The Atom/Ray Palmer. First appeared in September, 1961.
- Marvel Universe. The "modern" incarnation of it was launched in November, 1961.
- Fantastic Four. First appeared in November, 1961.
- Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym. First appeared in January, 1962.
- Hank Pym assumed the Ant-Man identity in September, 1962.
- Metal Men. Debuted in March-April, 1962.
- Archie Comics
- "Big" Ethel Muggs. Debuted in May, 1962.
- The Incredible Hulk. First appeared in May, 1962.
- General Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross. First appeared in May, 1962. He would become the Red Hulk.
- Betty Ross. First appeared in May, 1962.
- Doctor Doom. First appeared in July, 1962.
- Spider-Man. First appeared in August, 1962.
- The Spider-Man franchise arguably also started in this decade, with the first animated adaptation.
- The Mighty Thor by Marvel Comics. First appeared in August, 1962.
- Doctor Solar. First appeared in October, 1962.
- Loki. First appeared in October, 1962.
- Sabrina the Teenage Witch. First appeared in October, 1962.
- Diabolik. First appeared in November, 1962.
- Josie And The Pussy Cats
- Josie McCoy. First appeared in Winter, 1962.
- Melody Valentine.First appeared in Winter, 1962.
- Alexander "Alex" Cabot III. First appeared in February, 1963.
- Alexandra Cabot. First appeared in September, 1964.
- Alan M. Mayberry. First appeared in August, 1969.
- Valerie Brown. First appeared in December, 1969.
- Iron Man. First appeared in March, 1963.
- Doom Patrol. First appeared in June, 1963.
- The Wasp/Janet van Dyne. First appeared in June, 1963.
- Doctor Octopus. First appeared in July, 1963.
- Doctor Strange. First appeared in July, 1963.
- The Avengers. First appeared in September, 1963.
- Cyclops. First appeared in September, 1963.
- Jean Grey. First appeared in September, 1963.
- Pepper Potts. First appeared in September, 1963.
- Magneto. First appeared in September, 1963.
- X-Men. First appeared in September, 1963.
- Uncanny X-Men. Series started in September, 1963.
- Ach!lle Talon. First appeared in November, 1963.
- Quicksilver. First appeared in March, 1964.
- Scarlet Witch. First appeared in March, 1964.
- Lady Sif. First appeared in March, 1964.
- Black Widow. First appeared in April, 1964.
- Daredevil. First appeared in April, 1964.
- Blue Beetle
- A new version of Dan Garrett, revamped from a cop to an archaeologist. First appeared in June, 1964.
- Blue Beetle II/Ted Kord. First appeared in November, 1966).
- Norman Osborn
- Green Goblin. First appeared in July, 1964.
- The face of Norman Osborn, first appeared in April, 1965. The character remained unnamed.
- Norman Osborn received his name in June, 1966.
- Norman Osborn and the Green Goblin were revealed to be the same person in September, 1966.
- Teen Titans. Debuted in July, 1964.
- Mighty Samson. First published in July, 1964.
- Hawkeye. First appeared in September, 1964.
- Wonder Man. First appeared in October, 1964.
- Zatanna/ First appeared in October-November, 1964.
- Hercules by Marvel Comics. First appeared in 1965.
- The Inhumans.
- Medusa. First appeared in March, 1965.
- Gorgon. First appeared in November, 1965.
- The rest of the prominent Inhumans first appeared in December, 1965.
- Hydra. First appeared in August, 1965.
- S.H.I.E.L.D.. First appeared in August, 1965.
- Animal Man. First appeared in September, 1965.
- THUNDER Agents. First appeared in November, 1965.
- Dial H For Hero. Series started in January, 1966.
- Agent 13. First appeared in March, 1966.
- Peggy Carter. First appeared in May, 1966.
- Galactus. First appeared in March, 1966.
- Silver Surfer. First appeared in March, 1966.
- Ares. First appeared in June, 1966
- Black Panther. First appeared in July, 1966.
- The Question. First appeared in June, 1967.
- The Kingpin. First appeared in July, 1967.
- "Him". First appeared in September, 1967. He was eventually reinvented as Adam Warlock.
- M.O.D.O.K.. First appeared in September, 1967.
- Deadman. First appeared in October, 1967.
- Captain Mar-Vell. First appeared in December, 1967.
- Green Lantern/Guy Gardner. First appeared in March, 1968.
- Carol Danvers. First appeared in March, 1968. She would become better known as Ms. Marvel.
- The Creeper. First appeared in April, 1968.
- Cubitus. First appeared in April, 1968
- The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers. First appeared in May, 1968.
- Ultron. First appeared in July, 1968.
- Red Tornado/"John Smith". First appeared in August, 1968.
- Angel and the Ape. First appeared in September, 1968.
- The Vision. First appeared in October, 1968.
- The Falcon. First appeared in September, 1969.
- Vampirella. First appeared in September, 1969.
- Whizzer and Chips. Magazine launched in October, 1969.
Live Action TV
- Creepy Magazine. First published in 1964.
Music Genres That Started in the Sixties
- Alternative Rock. Started around 1965, with The Fugs as the first example.
- Arena Rock. Invented when the Beatles performed at Che Stadion in the USA.
- Baroque Pop.
- Boy Band.
- Blues Rock. Took off in 1960, when many old blues artists where rediscovered.
- The British Invasion. Begun by The Beatles' breakthrough in the United States.
- Garage Rock. A musical genre created by teenagers influenced by The Beatles and other British Invasion bands.
- Girl Group
- Outsider Music. The oldest examples date from 1968.
- Progressive Rock. King Crimson's 1969 debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, is sometimes considered the Ur-Example of the genre.
- Proto Punk
- Psychedelic Rock. A genre that originated in the middle of the decade.
- Reggae. Began circa 1968.
- Ska. Flourished in Jamaica between 1962 and 1965.
- Space Rock
- Surf Rock
- Synth Pop, created in 1966 by Perrey and Kingsley.
- Abdullah the Butcher
- General Skandor Akbar. Debuted in 1963.
- Captain Lou Albano
- Andrť the Giant. Debuted in 1964.
- Freddie Blassie
- Bobo Brazil
- Haystacks Calhoun
- The Crusher
- Dick The Bruiser
- Jackie Fargo
- Ed "The Sheik" Farhat
- Pampero Firpo
- Terry Funk. Debuted in 1965.
- Giant Haystacks/Loch Ness. Debuted in 1967.
- Karl Gotch
- Eddie Graham.
- Bobby Heenan. Debuted in 1960.
- King Curtis Iaukea. Debuted in 1962.
- Ivan Koloff. Debuted in 1965, started the gimmick in 1967.
- Mark Lewin
- Chief Wahoo McDaniel. Started wrestling in the football offseason, turned full-time by the end of the decade.
- The Missing Link. Debuted in the 1960s in Toronto as Dewey Robertson.
- Mr Fuji. Debuted in 1965.
- Gorilla Monsoon
- Pedro Morales
- Harley Race. Debuted in 1960.
- Dusty Rhodes. Debuted in 1968.
- Antonino Rocca
- "The Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers
- Gordon Solie. Started as an announcer in this decade.
- George Steele. Debuted in this decade.
- "Exotic" Adrian Street
- Lou Thesz
- Nikolai Volkoff. Debuted in 1967.
- The Fabulous Kangaroos
- The Sheepherders. Debuted in 1964.
- Von Erich Family
- All Japan Womens Pro Wrestling. Established in 1968.
- American Wrestling Association. Formed in 1960.
The Supermarionation series of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson began in this decade.
Works made, but not set, during the sixtiesAgain, for films see Films of the 1960s, and for literature see Literature of the 1960s.
Anime and Manga
- Astro Boy. Series started in 1963. Adaptation of the manga. Set in the Turn of the Millennium.
- Gigantor. Series started in 1963. Set in the Turn of the Millennium.
- Marine Boy. Series started in 1965. Set in The Future.
- Princess Knight. Series started in 1967. Set in a Medieval European Fantasy world.
- Hols: Prince of the Sun (1968). Film, set in Iron Age Scandinavia.
- Iznogoud. First appeared in January, 1962. Set in the Arabian Nights Days.
- The Legion of Super-Heroes gained its own series in September, 1962. Set in The Future.
- Howling Commandos. First appeared in May, 1963. Set in World War II.
- Nick Fury. First appeared in May, 1963. His original series was set in World War II.
- Enemy Ace. First appeared in February, 1965. Set in World War One.
- Unknown Soldier. First appeared in June, 1966. Set in World War II.
- Valerian. First appeared in November, 1967. This is a Time Travel series with no "present" setting.
- Les Tuniques Bleues. First appeared in August, 1968. Set in The American Civil War.
- Guardians of the Galaxy. First appeared in January, 1969. Set in The Future.
- A for Andromeda
- The Big Valley
- Dad's Army
- The Dakotas
- Doctor Who
- F Troop
- Garrison's Gorillas
- Hogan's Heroes
- Land of the Giants
- Lost in Space
- McHale's Navy
- The Rat Patrol
- Star Trek
- The Time Tunnel
- The Untouchables (began in 1959, ran until 1963)
- Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea
- The Wild Wild West
- Marat/Sade (1963)
If you can remember the 60s, you didn't live in them. If you don't remember the 60's, you lived in them. If you didn't live in the 60's, you remember them. Therefore, only people who weren't alive in the 60's can remember the 60's.