"It has come to my attention that some have lately called me a 'collaborator', as if such a term was shameful. I ask you, what greater endeavor exists than that of collaboration? In our current unparalleled enterprise, refusal to collaborate is simply a refusal to grow—an insistence on suicide, if you will. Did the lungfish refuse to breathe air?"Named after Vidkun Quisling, who assisted the Nazis in their conquest and rule of Norway during World War II. The poster boy of Les Collaborateurs, he appears whenever one country or culture is being conquered, occupied, or colonized by another. He does everything possible to curry favor with the new rulers. He speaks their language more often than his own, apes their customs and refers to his hometown as New Invaderia instead of Freedomville. He might justify this on the grounds that by securing a position of power and influence he can ensure the occupation is as painless and least oppressive as possible. Sometimes, he will have been a friend of the heroes before the invasion, but often he will be someone who had always given our heroes a hard time, and he will try to make them "see reason" and stop their futile attempts to restore the old regime. Frequently has elements of the Obstructive Bureaucrat or The Dragon. When conversing with the conquering leaders he will probably be Opinion Flipflop personified. Despite all this, the Quisling is never seen as an equal by the conquerors, but at best as a useful tool to keep the natives in line. At worst, they hold him in almost as much contempt as his own people. Either way, they won't hesitate to dispose of him once he's outlived his usefulness. If the invaders value honor, expect him to eventually get killed BECAUSE he's a betrayer to his cause: at least the other invaded have a sense of pride and honor! What distinguishes the Quisling from other Collaborateurs is authority. A Quisling will never be considered an equal by the conquerors, but he will have a position of power that will be used to influence the conquered people. He will often be the local "poster boy" for submission to the conquerors. If a character has a minor job within the conquerors' hierarchy or simply chooses to accept the conquerors' rule rather than resist, then they are Collaborateurs but are not Quislings. His storyline tends to end in one of a handful of ways:
— Dr. Wallace Breen, Half-Life 2
- The first against the wall when the revolution comes. Disposing of or disgracing him is one of the first major victories for La Résistance, and now the real struggle begins as the invaders start to take those rebel scum seriously...
- As the rebellion grows and its victory draws near, he opportunistically switches or is coerced to switch sides. He's disgraced and held in even more contempt, but is just useful enough to save his neck.
- He finally does a Heel–Face Turn and joins La Resistance for real, becoming a redeemed hero in the process (though expect redemption to equal death in a lot of cases). Most common when his apparent betrayal is really because he's been trying to moderate the oppression of the invaders, and they finally go too far.
- He was actually the Secret Identity of La Resistance's leader all along, playing a dangerous double game to act as a Reverse Mole. He might still be vilified in the histories, but the heroes will remember his name with honor.
- The first against the wall when the revolution ends, as the newly freed heroes are only too eager to convict the heinous traitor in a court of law (or just lynch him in the street). This is what happened to the historical Quisling, as the Norwegians re-instituted the death penalty just to apply it to him.
- The revolution fails or is temporarily crushed, and he's killed, "purged" or otherwise done away with, anyway, because the higher-ups don't trust a former member of the conquered nation (let alone a traitor). Alternatively, they may kill him if the revolution is doing too well, to get rid of an incompetent puppet leader who not only can't control his own people but is only furthering their unrest.
- If The Quisling is a Well-Intentioned Extremist or a Knight Templar who earnestly believes that selling his nation out would benefit his people in the long run (as opposed to just being an opportunist or Glory Hound) the heroes may well decide that the Strawman Has a Point and adopt the Quisling's goals even after stripping the original of political power, especially if he simply did what was necessary to try to save as many people as he could in the face of an overwhelming enemy they couldn't possibly defeat.
- The Quisling will outfox both the heroes and his puppet masters and achieve some hidden agenda that both sides oppose and/or become a legitimate power player in his own right, like in Metal Gear Solid or Suikoden. Since this requires a greater-than-normal amount of Magnificent Bastardry to pull off and toadyism isn't viewed as a cool Evil Virtue… this rarely happens.
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- Writer James Lileks has humorously referred to certain advertising mascots for meat products as "quislings": e.g., a "quisling pig" advertising pork products, or a "quisling fish" selling fish-cakes. Click here for what Lileks calls "the motherlode of Quisling Pig propaganda" — the singing, marching pigs of Valleydale Foods shilling for pork sausages.
- Humorously averted by the Chick-fil-A Cows, who ask that America "EAT MOR CHIKIN". Chick-fil-A had previously had an anthropomorphic chicken for a mascot; its switch to cows was widely seen as a wise move, in part because this subtrope leads people to think that anything with cows would be for milk, or perhaps beef... nope.
- There was a somewhat similar advertising campaign used by McDonald's in Finland around the turn of the millennium, where a anthropomorphic pig was standing on the streets around Christmas shouting Syökää Kanaa, meaning "eat chicken" and telling people about promotions at McDonald's. Naturally the pig had ulterior motives for this, namely the fact that during the traditional Finnish Christmas dinner is ham.
Anime and Manga
- Busou Renkin has "familiars", humans who serve the hommunculi and will mark themselves with the same insignia to avoid being eaten by them.
- Suzaku in Code Geass, who ingratiates himself thoroughly into Britannian culture after becoming the Knight of Seven. And later the Knight of Zero, right-hand man to the new Emperor...his childhood friend, Lelouch. Who he helped dismantle the empire entirely. But since their plan involved Lelouch building an image as the worst dictator in history, and Suzaku seeming to die in service of that dictator, all but the small handful of people who figured out what was happening will remember him as nothing but a traitor. And that's just fine with him.
- A very strange and unique example of this comes from the Crest of the Stars franchise. Ghintec/Jinto starts out a little ambivalent about the centerpiece Space Elves of the work, the Abh, but by the start of the second "season" of the TV series he's unflinchingly loyal to the Abh and their conquering empire (in part due to, uh, his loyalty to Lamhirh/Lafiel, one of the princesses of the Abh). The people of his own world definitely see him (and his dad) as examples of this trope in-show and it causes a lot of trouble later on. The unique element? Ghintec is our hero and point-of-view character.
- Becomes a big plot point in Banner III, when Jinto's foster parents (leaders of La Résistance) attempt to convince him to defect. Jinto points out that he can't defect, as he's the only thing standing between them and annihilation by the Abh. (Although his mother suspects it's really about the girl he brought home to dinner with him). It's all very tragic. Leads to Jinto's foster mother pleading with the Abh princess Lafiel to take care of her son. Her response was poetic and quite moving.
- It's actually lampshaded, when Jinto wonders if he had met other Abh before Lafiel, would he still be on the side of the Abh?
- George "President Chicken-Maggot" Sairas in Death Note earns his nickname from collaborating with Kira after his predecessor kills himself following a failed operation against the mafia (one that may or may not have been caused by the actual Kira writing in the Death Note).
- The mayor of Shinjuku in Karas fits this trope, cheerfully doing Eko's bidding—and believing in his philosophy.
- Job Trünicht in Legend of Galactic Heroes eventually becomes this.
- Sailors Neptune and Uranus in the final season of Sailor Moon give up their star seeds willingly to Galaxia for power, gladly fight their own friends and teammates, and kill 2 of the others Sailors Pluto and Saturn. This is a gambit on their part to use their powers to capture Galaxia's own star seed. They manage to fool Galaxia well enough, but their plan still fails miserably because Galaxia has no star seed.
According to the manga, every member of the Sailor Animamates group was originally a normal soldier on their respective home planets. They each betrayed and murdered their planet's real Sailor Senshi to pave the way for Shadow Galaxia's hordes, and Galaxia rewarded them by making them fake Sailors, hence the "artificial" nature of their names.
- In Fullmetal Alchemist the entire upper echelon of Amestris's government is composed of Quislings. They all secretly serve an inhuman being bent on killing everyone in the country, being promised immortality in return.
- Eggman does this a bit during the Metarex Saga of Sonic X... that said, he doesn't do a terrible job of it and is out for himself from beginning to end.
- Kill la Kill: Ragyo Kiryuin is a (former) human who willingly supports the invasion and destruction of Earth by the Life Fibers.
- In No Game No Life, when Sora and Shiro first arrive in Disboard, they see a tournament held to determine the next ruler of Elkia, the last city of Imanity. The candidate closest to winning, Kurami(a slave of the elves), is collaborating with an elf named Feel(who treats her as a friend rather than a slave), who provides magical assistance that none of the other candidates can notice or hope to match, and says that if she wins, she'll make Elkia a Protectorate of the large elven nation so that Imanity won't have to face a Hopeless War against them and the other 14 more powerful races. While Sora's disgusted by Kurami's lack of faith in Imanity's potential, he concedes that an alliance with the elves is a good idea, so he seems to understand that Kurami's not after power.
- In The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Hawley Griffin betrays the group and sides with the Martians. He plans on becoming the ruler of the earth along with the Martians, to ensure his own survival. He ends up first against the wall, beaten and raped to death by one of the good guys.
- Cassius Ceramix in Astérix and the Big Fight is one played for laughs: he forces his village to adhere to Roman customs to an absurd degree (for example, he orders an aqueduct to be built in the village despite a river running right through it. When someone points this out, he orders that the river be diverted because "aqueducts are more ROMAN!") and addresses the Roman Villains of the Week as "our beloved invaders." The Roman even laughs that if all the Gallo-Romans were like Ceramix Rome would be Gaulish looking.
- In Secret Invasion the Skrulls plan to set up local Governors. Moonstone claims to be one, asking the Skrulls for control of South America if she helps them. However this is a trick.
- In Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog, most of Dr. Eggman's Egg Bosses are this to some degree. The biggest example, however, is Mordred Hood, who sold out his nation just so Eggman would put him in charge.
- The Flintstones: Mr. Slate once the aliens arrive at Bedrock.
Mr. Slate: The people of Earth are honored by your visit. And should you ever need a puppet dictator to rule on your behalf... well, I am the richest guy in town.
- In the Dan Dare story "Operation Saturn", an aristocratic scientist called Blasco plans to conquer Earth with help from the Rootha, the ruling aristocracy of the moons of Saturn. On arrival, he discovers that the Rootha are in fact Quislings themselves (and the strip explicitly calls them this). The true ruler of Saturnia is a being called Vora, who came from outer space. Vora actually intends to set Blasco up in a similar position to the Rootha, and Blasco is entirely willing to go along with this. Their fates? Dan helps Saturnian rebels overthrow Vora, who sets off to conquer Earth and abandons the Rootha to the mercy of the rebels. Later, in a desperate struggle to save Earth, Digby accidentally knocks Blasco's space helmet off and he suffocates. Seeing this, a defeated Vora then turns his guns on himself.
- In Power Girl fanfic A Force of Four, Aldon Persis is a sorcerer that sides with Badra and her Kryptonian pawns who intend to destroy Earth. Wonder Woman's daughter Fury calls him "their little Quisling".
- The PER (Ponification for Earth's Rebirth) are this at large mixed with Les Collaborateurs in any The Conversion Bureau story.
- In The Conversion Bureau: The Other Side of the Spectrum, a misanthropic doctor named Jacqueline Reitman willingly served earth up on a silver platter to the Solar Tyrant by first pushing for the ponification serum to be used by the public, and then founded the PER, who are little more than Evil Luddites that make the Human Liberation Front look downright appealing. She was eventually arrested and placed on Death Row for her crimes against humanity, and other than a few token attempts to rescue her from police custody by some PER cells, the Solar Empire hasn't gone out of its way to save her, making it very clear she isn't anywhere near as important to Queen Celestia as she likes to think herself to be.
- Equestrylvania: One of the main villains of the second arc is Rose Blade, the leader of a group of Royal Guard survivors in monster-occupied Canterlot. He convinces his followers to agree to serve Dracula in exchange for supplies and protection, even going so far as to hand over Princess Cadence. And if any of his followers protest or try to leave, he has them killed and their corpses put on display.
- Ripples: When Civil War breaks out in Meridian following the events of the Darkest Winter Night, Sister Hestine leads a faction of Meridian's Sisterhood Covens in pledging loyalty to Phobos' new regime. As such, she is granted the position of Grand Abbess, even as the rest of the Sisterhood is slowly purged from existence.
- In the Pony POV Series, General Lone Ranger is this. He willingly worked with the Changelings to set the ground work for their invasion. Played with in that he was intending to instigate a Guilt-Free Extermination War on them for his own reasons. It didn't work out how he thought it would.
- Mirror!Spitfire from The Dark Side of the Mirror Verse is this, having sold out her own city to Celestia and joined her, resulting in Cloudsdale being destroyed. Of course Spitfire was a nasty piece of work to begin with.
Films — Live-Action
- Red Dawn:
- The original film has Mayor Bates of Calumet, Colorado, as a reluctant collaborator, especially given that the Soviet and Cuban occupiers are shooting his townspeople in retaliation for the guerrilla actions of the Wolverines. Despite this (or maybe because of it), he turns in his own guerrilla son to the KGB, who force him to turn traitor (for which he gets executed by his friends). It's never shown what, if anything, happens to the Mayor.
- Likewise in the remake the mayor of Tacoma, Washington is also one, but only because he is entirely concerned for his citizens' own safety and well-being. He doesn't like the invasion, but he knows that the best thing he can do is to make the transition as easy and peaceful for his people as possible. When the time comes that the mayor may end up being killed in a Wolverine operation, the mayor's son apologizes to himself and says that it's for the greater good.
- The reverse-mole type of Quisling is exemplified by Tom Reagan in Miller's Crossing. Cast out by Irish-mob boss Leo O'Bannon for fooling around with Leo's mistress, he joins up with Johnny Caspar's rising Italian-American gang, but only to take Caspar down from within and save Leo. A Campbellian heroic archetype: To save his own side he sacrifices his honor; this is pointedly an irreversible sacrifice. At the end Leo invites Tom back in the fold but he can't accept.
- Two examples from the German film Novembermond: Played straight with a male character who fits the Les Collaborateurs trope, and pretended at by Fèrial to act as a Reverse Mole.
- Many of the former Dead Rabbits in Gangs of New York, but especially Happy Jack Mulraney, who had become one of Bill the Butcher's most valuable men, and whose death marks the return of the Dead Rabbits.
- Kirkland in Troma's War. He gets his.
- Ip Man, starring Donnie Yen, has a normally Wiggum-esque police chief become this when the Japanese invade China.
- Transformers: Dark of the Moon has Dylan and his late father, from whom he inherited the Decepticons as a "client". He actually takes this to confusingly extreme measures, suggesting they kill their Autobot prisoners and fighting tooth and nail for the Cons to win, even though it's pretty clear the Autobots are winning and they don't really care much for his deal with them to begin with so he'd be safer just letting the Autobots win. Then Fridge Brilliance sets in and you realize that he'd rather die than have the Cons lose, because after what he did he'd be considered a war criminal for assisting aliens in enslaving his own species. Comic backstory goes even further, revealing he craves power (to the extent that the look in his eyes reminds Soundwave of Megatron and gives him a measure of respect) and the idea of being the middleman boss to a planet of slaves, answering directly to Megatron is very tempting to him.
- TRON: Legacy: The Administrative Program Jarvis will salute whoever looks to be in power. Finally, Clu has enough of Jarvis and casually de-rezzes him without breaking a stride.
- Superman II has Lex Luthor join Zod to help him against Superman, asking in exchange for control of Australia.
- Goya's Ghosts: Lorenzo is a complex case. He represents the invading French forces which cruelly oppress the Spanish, but he also represents modern, enlightened ideas in opposition to the Spanish Inquisition whose leaders he persecutes.
- In Lion of the Desert (1981), a delegation of these are sent to persuade Omar Mukhtar to end his Hopeless War against the Italian occupiers. Omar Mukhtar gently mocks them and sends them on their way without harm.
- Edge of Darkness: Johann was a follower of the Quisling, having gone over to the Germans in 1940 when they invaded Norway. He regrets it.
- Volhynia. The Ukrainian administrator of the village serves Poles, Russians, Germans and finally Ukrainians with the same level of shameless flattery and enthusiasm.
- Harry Turtledove's Ruled Britannia is loaded with 'em.
- An actual psychological disorder in the Zombie Apocalypse novel World War Z (written by Max Brooks, son of Mel); "quislings" are humans who have nervous breakdowns and begin behaving like zombies. Unfortunately for them, the genuine article can tell the difference...
- They also may have aided in tons of confusion and urban legends about zombies amongst the survivors.
- Any voluntary Controller from Animorphs, but Hedrick Chapman deserves a special mention. You know, being the one who paraded Loren before the Yeerks and said, "Hey, lookit this! I gotta planet of six billion just waitin' for ya!" and all. Elfangor, Loren and the Yeerk he was trying to help, Sub-visser Thirty-two, all leave him to be sucked into a black hole. However, the Ellimist saved him and wiped his memory. When the Yeerks finally make it to Earth, he and his wife are infested, but only cooperate to keep their daughter, Melissa, free and uninfested. He becomes a Middle-Management Mook and the Animorphs' go-to guy when they need someone to threaten or torture. Ahh, karma.
- There's also Taylor, a former Alpha Bitch who lost her looks and her popularity in a fire. Desperate to regain the life she had, Taylor agrees to become a voluntary Controller in exchange for the Yeerks using their advanced technology to make her a Cyborg and restore her beauty. Unfortunately for Taylor, the Yeerk chosen to infest her is not exactly a pillar of mental stability...
- David could be considered a subversion, as he threatens to betray the team to the Yeerks on a few occasions but never actually does it. It's heavily implied he's bluffing and hates the Yeerks as much as the Animorphs do.
- And from VISSER there's Rich Huntley, the first voluntary Human-Controller. Edriss kills him for his trouble.
- In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Voldemort installs a few of these to re-enforce his reign:
- Severus Snape appears to be this, controlling Hogwarts on the behalf of the Death Eaters. Subverted when he was revealed to be a reverse mole.
- Pius Thicknesse controls the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, and after Rufus Scrimgeour's death, the entire Ministry of Magic. In the books this is the result of Mind Control, but in the movies it is implied to be voluntary.
- Dolores Umbridge does not have any official ties with Voldemort, but she gleefuly uses her post to enforce his Fantastic Racism by running a Kangaroo Court to give Muggle-borns a choice between surrendering their wands and a Fate Worse Than Death. (Word of God claims this earned her a life sentence in Azkaban after Voldemort's defeat.) In one Bad Future in Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, she is reinstated as Hogwarts headmistress and openly supports Voldemort.
- The Inquisitorial Squad, a number of Slytherin students who gleefully aided Umbridge in her oppression of the school and who were given some measure of authority (e.g. the power to give or deduct points) in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.
- Shift the Ape, from the final book in the Narnia series, fits the above description perfectly.
- Saruman in The Lord of the Rings, though he intends to be The Starscream.
- Lotho Sackville-Baggins, in Saruman's Shire.
- The Silmarillion in the First Age has Maeglin, the Evil Nephew of Turgon, King of Gondolin, who is in love with Turgon's daughter Idril. When he is captured by Morgoth, under threat of torture he reveals the location of Gondolin and is told he will be rewarded with rule of the city and Idril. Despite the threat Maeglin still doesn't warn the city of Morgoth's attack and during the Fall of Gondolin tries to kill his cousin's son Earendil. However Earendil's father Tuor kills Maeglin.
- In Kurt Vonnegut's Mother Night the American protagonist is asked to become The Quisling for the Nazis by an American agent to pass information to America. The book is about what being a collaborator does to his soul (and life), even though he knows he is doing it for a good cause.
- The Ganymede Takeover, a 1967 science fiction novel by Philip K. Dick and Ray Nelson, has several such characters (as the alien invaders know this is the only effective way they can rule Earth), racist landowner Gus Swenesgard being the best example, though at one point even a Resistance hero is offered the job (and is tempted for a moment). Subverted in that when the aliens are finally defeated, the resistance set up Swenesgard to be their puppet ruler until democracy is restored. That is, if they ever intend to restore democracy...
- In E. E. Knight's Vampire Earth novels, Quisling is a term often used to refer to Humans under Kurian rule.
- The Diamonds, Spades, and Clubs in The Looking-Glass Wars were loyal to Redd as soon as she took over. When Alyss resumes power, they switch loyalties again, and unfortunately weren't punished. This is rectified in the sequel, Seeing Redd. Jack of Diamonds is seen to have been imprisoned for treason. He does manage to escape and tries to join up with Queen Redd. This time, he quickly outlives his usefulness.
- In Robert Silverberg's The Alien Years, a nerdy hacker breaks into the conquering aliens' computer system, but instead of trying to use it against them, he offers them his help in return for power and a harem.
- Senator Viqi Shesh from the New Jedi Order willing works with the Yuuzhan Vong invasion, though it would be a stretch to say she was loyal to them her first loyalty was always to herself—she merely wanted to ensure her survival and position by teaming up with what looked like the winning side). This came back to bite her in the end, as the Vong, horrible as they were, actually had a rather strict code of conduct and found an obviously self-serving traitor repellant. Shesh found herself constantly scrambling to keep herself indispensible to the Warmaster lest she be unceremoniously killed off.
- And when she ultimately finds herself stuck between the Vong (who don't really need her anymore) and the New Republic (who she betrayed), she Takes a Third Option by giving herself a Disney Villain Death.
- Most of the Peace Brigade members, they collaborate with the Yuuzhan Vong by handing over high ranking officials, and Jedi. But to the Vong, the term peace is synonymous for submission, as they already plan on enslaving the Peace Brigade when they win the war.
- The same series has Prime Minister Molierre Cundertol of the planet Bakura betray his own people to the Ssi-Ruuk, a reptilian race that had already attempted an invasion of his world once before earlier in the Star Wars timeline (the novel Truce at Bakura). In exchange, the Ssi-Ruuk transferred his life into a new human-like droid body so he could live forever. They plan to use the population of Bakura as slaves to breed so that they can have a supply of humans whose life can be sucked out of their bodies and into Ssi-Ruuk war machines. Cundertol even tries to justify it to his people by saying that they can become far more powerful as machines, especially if they are running Ssi-Ruuk cities. Of course no one buys this argument. In the end it's revealed that the Ssi-Ruuk have themselves been infiltrated by the Yuuzhan Vong and are unknowingly being manipulated by their undercover agent. This agent reveals himself to Cundertol, and kills him for his failure.
- In Taylor Caldwell's early-1950's novel, The Devil's Advocate, the senior administrator of the Eastern Seaboard in a Communist-ruled America was secretly the head of La Résistance. He makes a Heroic Sacrifice at the end of the book, allowing himself to be assassinated so as to provide the scapegoat and poster boy for the downfallen dictatorship for Americans after the Second Revolution.
- Lord Pryderi, in the final installment of The Chronicles of Prydain, has always been a loyal ally of Prince Gwydion...only to show up for the council of war and declare that the only sane option is to join the enemy. Which he does. He gets Rewarded as a Traitor Deserves when, on Arawn's orders, he attempts to invade Caer Dallben and the place itself destroys him.
- Andrew in Harald, though his motives are never made clear.
- Some of the cooperating zeks in One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, like the cooks, like to screw over their fellow prisoners for their own gain.
- In Rick Cook's Limbo System, Aubrey is convinced of the greatness of colonists and helps them in their initial attack.
- The Tomorrow Series has Major Harvey. When he first appears, in The Dead of the Night, he seems to be the heroic leader of the La Résistance group Harvery's Heroes, only to be later revealed to be an enemy officer who let his group get massacred. In The Third Day, The Frost he is put in charge of Stratton Prison, and killed by Robyn Taking You with Me during the group's escape.
- A few positive examples in A Song of Ice and Fire; when Daenarys starts conquering/liberating cities founded on slavery, she unsurprisingly gets quite a few people (whether ex-slaves or freemen with a conscience,) who fully support her regime, with a few particularly useful ones joining her council. Equally unsurprisingly, these people are viewed as quislings by the deposed masters, and many acts of murder and sabotage are carried out by the latter, who consider themselves La Résistance.
- One of them, Skahaz mo Kandaq a.k.a. the Shavepate (the head of Daenerys' Secret Police), however, is hinted to be far more complex than that. Depending on which theory you buy, he may be preparing to designate himself Dany's successor or become a full-blown Starscream.
- Roose Bolton, who betrayed the Northern kingdom to the Lannisters and personally murdered his king Robb Stark, is a definitely negative example. Walder Frey did the same with the Riverlands at The Red Wedding, but failed: Littlefinger was appointed their Lord Paramount instead of him. However, his second son Emmon is made Lord of Riverrun and many of his descendants get marriages with Lannisters for this. Unfortunately, this has backfired with the Boltons and the Freys, as they are despised throughout the North and the Riverlands and Walder's descendants are getting murdered by the angry relatives of those they killed.
- A more positive example during Aegon's conquest. When Aegon began conquering the Riverlands, many of the River Lords joined him. After Black Harren Hoare and House Hoare were wiped out, Lord Edmyn Tully was made Lord Paramount of the Trident. However, Harren the Black was a cruel tyrant who had beggared the Riverlands and worked thousands to death building Harrenhal, and his grandfather Harwyn Handhand Hoare had invaded the Riverlands.
- When Aegon wiped out House Gardener, the rulers of the Reach, their castle of Highgarden was surrendered to him by its stewards, the Tyrells, and Aegon made them rulers of the Reach for this.
- Magnificent Bastard Melisande Shahrizai (and later Isidore D'Aiglemort) of Kushiel's Legacy, who plots with a hostile foreign power to take over her homeland long before the actual invasion even takes place.
- In the Resistance Trilogy by Clive Egleton, set in a Soviet-occupied Britain, the only named antagonists encountered by the hero are British, not Soviets.
- Dragon Outcast has SiMevolant, who upon becoming Tyr, opens the Lavadome to the Wrymmaster's forces, selling his people out to slavery in exchange for a cushy position as their Puppet King. Unsurprisingly, this triggers a rebellion that results in his own death.
- The Salvation War: Pantheicide gives us a non-villainous (or at least less-villainous) example. Micheal-lan is convinced that Earth will conquer heaven, and seizes control specifically so that he can surrender before (more) nukes get launched.
- For Your Safety has a character actually named Anna Quiyang Quisling. Before the Groupmind rebellion she was a Swedish writer of Robo Sexual erotica, who was offered the chance to write pro-Groupmind propaganda. In exchange she was given a morph companion to act out her fantasies with, and keep the billions of humans who want her dead from killing her.
- At the end of Guns of the Dawn, when the war is over, Mr Northway, formerly Mayor-Governor of Chalcaster for the king of Lascanne, continues in that role despite the change in leadership. His motivations are reasonably good — someone has to be in charge, and continuity of government will avert dangerous instability. It doesn't do wonders for his public image, but then, people didn't think much of him anyway.
- In The Shelter one starts to wonder why they even keep Ricky around when he constantly betrays and tries to murder his family over and over again.
- The X-Files. The Syndicate is made up of people, such as the mysterious Cigarette Smoking Man, who are aware that the alien invasion is coming, and have worked out a deal with the invaders to help them conquer Earth and enslave humanity in exchange for power. Fox Mulder's father Bill was a member, and the only one who opposed their decision to collaborate. The reason Fox's sister disappeared was because she and other conspirators' loved ones were used as collateral by the aliens to ensure there was no backstabbing from their human Quislings. The Syndicate's actions throughout the series are preparations for the invasion.
- Babylon 5:
- Councilor Na'Far is a highly reluctant example of this trope, being the figurehead for the Narn puppet regime after the Centauri conquers them. He believes that by willingly cooperating with the invaders he may be able to stifle some of the worst abuses of his people.
- And Londo ends up being an incredibly rare completely sympathetic example of the trope, as his hellish years ruling the Centauri as a puppet for the Drakh are played as an unambiguous Heroic Sacrifice and an atonement for the crimes in which he was previously complicit.
- Captain Lochley is a softer version, revealed to have been a Clark loyalist during the Earth civil war. However, she cited her duty to Earthforce rather than any seeking of power.
- Battlestar Galactica (1978): Count Baltar was an archetypal Quisling to the Cylons, who bore most of the responsibility for the colonies' destruction, until his Heel–Face Turn around halfway through.
- Battlestar Galactica (2003):
- There's Gaius Baltar, who continued his role as President of the Colonies after the Cylons invaded New Caprica and willfully collaborated with them throughout the subsequent occupation. Considering his character he most likely did this simply out of self-interest, although at one point he did have a gun pointed at his head when he refused to sign off on an order for mass executions of civilians. Went through a Karma Houdini when the revolution ended by joining the Cylon Fleet, but fate eventually caught up to him when he was later re-captured by the Colonials on another planet. After interrogation he was then put on trial for treason and mass-murder (although, ironically, not for his role in the first Cylon genocide). And acquitted, the Magnificent Bastard!
- Felix Gaeta continued to serve as Baltar's presidential aide even after the Cylons arrived, in order to act as a Reverse Mole. Not even La Résistance, who knew they had a mole, know he was it. Gaeta came very close to being killed by a barely-technically-legal Kangaroo Court until the truth about his past was revealed at the last second. (He didn't even try to explain.)
- Blake's 7: Ro in the episode "Horizon". He learns better.
- The Colbert Report:
- Stephen Colbert uses this an awful lot for a talk show host.
- In preparation for the imminent Rapture, Colbert advertised (on his show) shirts reading "Welcome Jesus!" And just in case, the other side of the shirt reads "Welcome 12th Imam!"note
- At the end of a commercial break, he expressed his hopes that the audience members at home were still alive and had not been slaughtered by a psychotic murderer lurking right behind them. But just in case, "Welcome murderers!"
- After the Phoenix lander touched down on Mars, Colbert became worried about enslavement by Martian microbes, and dedicated a segment to ingratiating himself to them, just in case. "Martian microbes, remember who your friends are."
- Colony has Proxy Snyder, who willingly signed up with the puppet government set up by the "Hosts", becoming the head of it within the Las Angeles bloc, because he honestly believes that fighting back is impossible and that collaborating is the only way to insure survival.
- Crisis on Earth-X: When Nazis invade Earth-1, one of their collaborators is none other than Earth-1's Reverse-Flash who has no problem helping Nazis conquer his own dimension. Unlike most examples of this trope, he isn't motivated by power or self-preservation, but is implied to do it for the kicks.
- Doctor Who:
- In "The Dalek Invasion of Earth", an old woman and her daughter hand characters over to the Daleks and are rewarded with food.
- Later in "The Daleks' Master Plan" there is Mavic Chen, Guardian of the Solar System, who plots with the Daleks and delegates from the Outer Galaxies to take over Earth, while planning to betray the Daleks and take control of the Universe. He is Rewarded as a Traitor Deserves by the Daleks, who seem to have been plotting against all their allies. The fact he is the only one of the delegates who is betraying their world is pointed out by Zephon, who calls him the supreme traitor. There is also the Head of the SSS, Karlton, who may be planning to betray Chen.
- Subverted in "The Krotons", in which Selris's initial support of the Krotons is because he genuinely thinks they're benevolent and his later reluctance to attack them is because of a realistic appreciation of his people's technological inferiority and the Krotons' utter ruthlessness. By contrast, the would-be heroic resistance leader Eelek is transparently a power-hungry maniac.
- The Controller in "Day of the Daleks" is explicitly called a Quisling by the Doctor in reference to his collaboration with the Daleks. He finally helps the Doctor return to his own time to prevent the Invasion, getting a Redemption Equals Death treatment.
- Varan in The Mutants works with the imperialists against his own people, killing the Earth Administrator before he can grant Solos their independence and scornfully hunting his mutated countrymen who he refers to as "mutts" adopting the slurs of the imperial Overlords.
- Gatherer Hade in "The Sun Makers" fits the trope to a tee: With humanity enslaved by the Usurian Corporation, Hade delights in lording it over the workers while acting in an obsequious manner towards the Usurian representative the Collector. When a revolution breaks out, they quickly give him a Disney Villain Death.
- The Castellan in the serial "The Invasion of Time" gets the chance to serve as Quisling to three despots; firstly the Doctor (when it seems that he's gone mad with power and taken over Gallifrey), then the Vardans (when they invade, seemingly with the Doctor's collaboration) and then the Sontarans (when the Doctor, having tricked the Vardans into thinking he was a collaborator, deals with them only to discover that the Sontarans were manipulating the Vardans).
- In the novelization of "Remembrance of the Daleks", it's seen that the Daleks themselves use the term to refer to Dalek allies, who see themselves as Les Collaborateurs.
- In "Rise of the Cybermen", Rose Tyler's dad in a parallel reality is a high-ranking official in Lumic's company. When he's captured by the Resistance, he reveals that he's actually working as The Mole, being the insider reponsible for sending them information on the Cybermen.
- Insufferable Genius Luke Rattigan, working for the Sontaran Empire, in hopes fulfilling his ambition of a world of geniuses. He and his followers would have been Rewarded as a Traitor Deserves in a naval gunnery practice — had to pay the ultimate price for species-treason...
- In "The God Complex", the Tivolians have this as their hat — their cities are designed to be comfortable to invading armies, their anthem is titled "Glory to [Insert Name Here]", etc.
- Farscape: Has a number of examples, especially Zhaan's unnamed lover, who she murdered when he became a Quisling for the Peacekeepers, and Volmae in "Thank God It's Friday... Again", again for the Peacekeepers.
- Game of Thrones: Roose Bolton is a textbook example: He is a leader who rose to power for personal gain and self-preservation by betraying his king and countrymen and, also, by enforcing the will of an external power.
- House: House accuses Cuddy of being this for Vogler in Season 1, even name-dropping the original. Vogler buys his way into the hospital board's chair with a $100,000,000 donation, and when he starts using his position for ethically questionable practices, the board (and Cuddy) adopt a policy of appeasement so as not to lose the money. Cuddy eventually comes around when Vogler starts firing board members for voting against his motions.
- Parks and Recreation: The municipal government of Pawnee is implied to have a problem with doing this. At different points of history, the town's slogan has been "Welcome German / Vietnamese / Taliban soldiers!"
- The Revolution (2006): In the episode "Treason & Betrayal", Benedict Arnold. He started out by fighting for the Americans. But he went to the British hoping to get gold and recognition.
- Secret Army: The staff of the Cafe Candide pretend to be this. Actually, they're members of La Résistance group Lifeline.
- Sliders: One episode has its own word for this: Thatchers. Apparently a version of Margaret Thatcher "welcomed its new Kromag overlords", and when they were driven out, the word for collaborators was inspired from her name (similar to this trope, probably because it also sounds much like "traitor/treachery" in English). The moral struggles of a "Thatcher" is a plot point of the episode in question.
- Star Trek: Deep Space Nine:
- A number of episodes involve Bajoran collaborators with the Cardassian Occupation of Bajor:
- "Necessary Evil": Vaatrik, whose murder Odo was originally brought to Terok Nor to investigate, served as a middleman between Gul Dukat and at least eight other collaborators. Kira Nerys assassinated him for it.
- "The Collaborator" has Vedek Bareil Antos, one of two candidates for the Bajoran kai (equivalent of the pope), be implicated as a collaborator who told the Cardassians the location of a Resistance cell in the Kendra Valley. Opaka, then the kai, lost her son in the subsequent Kendra Valley Massacre. The actual collaborator was Kai Opaka herself, who gave up the guerrillas to avert a Cardassian purge of the area's entire population.
- "Wrongs Darker Than Death or Night" deals with "comfort women", Bajoran women forced into Sex Slavery to Cardassian officers, who were sometimes accused of this (particularly since their families got better treatment by the occupiers as a result). The episode also features a male Bajoran whose job is apparently to "recruit" them.
- Dukat basically serves as this to Cardassia, though the Dominion never actually invaded; the Cardassians joined more or less willingly. Damar, his replacement, gets better.
- Legate Broca, a last-minute replacement for Damar after the latter vacates the position by forming La Résistance, is completely loyal to the Dominion, even in spite of the Cardassian people rising up against the Dominion and having their cities destroyed because of it. Both Weyoun and the female Changeling treat him with nothing but contempt, and he is unceremoniously executed when they decide to preempt any potential Heel–Face Turn on his part.
- A number of episodes involve Bajoran collaborators with the Cardassian Occupation of Bajor:
- "The Vicar of Bray" cheerfully recounts the Title Character's unending deference to whoever is power.
And this is law, I will maintain
Unto my Dying Day, Sir.
That whatsoever King may reign,
I will be the Vicar of Bray, Sir!
- Bill Bailey notes in his song "Insect Nation" that crabs will be the "sideways Quislings" during the inevitable Bug War, joining with the insects despite not being insects. He also adds that the spiders will also side with the insects even though they're not insects either.
- Although it might not count, since he probably wanted to cook the cast anyway, in Muppet Treasure Island, when the heroes land on the island of "cannibal pigs", the Swedish Chef gets a cameo (which the Singing Fruit break the fourth wall to lampshade) in which disguised with a fake pig-nose, he serves as the chef for the pigs.
- In the Paizo Pathfinder campaign, "Rise of the Runelords," Mokmurian, leader of the giants was this to Karzoug as giants were viewed as slaves in ancient Thassilon, not as generals or lords of some sort. This doesn't stop him from doing his level best to wipe out humanity so Karzoug can have lots of souls.
- How Chaos cults starts on any world in Warhammer 40,000. Each Chaos God promises power in return for loyalty and worship, although the power they grant you is often at a high cost, and most don't survive it. This is why the Inquisition works so hard to root out chaos, since there's always one guy who'd want the Dark God's more tangible gifts (as compared to the less pleasant Imperial faith).
- Also, Gue'vasa is the Tau name for humans who have turned their back on the Imperium of Man to serve the Tau Empire. They are mostly the descendants of Imperial Guardsmen who were abandoned in Tau territory after the Damocles Crusade, but occasionally, Imperial border worlds will rebel against Imperial control and secede to the expanding Tau Empire. This is used in meta to justify skirmish battles between the two factions, as they fight over control over the worlds; the Taros Campaign is a prominent example of this.
- Star Wars: The Old Republic.
- In Chapter 3, with the help of the Bounty Hunter, the Sith Empire has managed to convince the entire Corellian Council, including the Prime Minister, to join them with the promise of making their elected offices lifetime appointments with absolute power. However, the Corellian people are not the kind that would willingly role over for foreign invaders (it's Han Solo and Wedge Antilles' homeworld after all). They rise up against the traitorous council and the Sith occupiers, with Republic and Jedi eventually arriving to retake the world, leading to a very Decisive Battle that the Republic wins. Several quests on the Republic side (both class and faction based) involve chasing down and capturing the traitors so that they can face justice. The Imperial planetary storyline in particular has the player working alongside Darbin Sull, a particularly slimy politician looking to become the new Prime Minister.
- Averted in the Jedi Consular storyline on the planet Balmorra, a Republic ally that has been under Sith occupation since the end of the previous war. The Sith authorities publicly claim that Balmorra's President is still in charge and that all their orders and laws for the planet come from him. They also claim he is too ill to make public appearances. However, the we soon find out that he has been frozen in carbonite and that the Sith drove him insane to the point of becoming a confused, rambling man. Luckily, when he is rescued, he is declared mentally incapacitated and this allows a member of his Cabinet (who escaped the invasion) to assume office and lead the newly liberated Balmorra.
- Franz from Suikoden III is a rare sympathetic example, throwing himself into soldiering for Harmonia, hoping they would treat his village better (those conquered by Harmonia are treated like cannon fodder, at best) and he kept going even when he was tired, hungry and had the hate of everyone he was fighting for.
- Harmonia had conquered Franz's village before he was even born, and actually had a specific system in place for conquered groups to achieve the kind of elevation in status Franz hoped to achieve for his village if they proved themselves useful enough. And in the end, there's a good chance he succeeded, since by switching to the heroes' side he helped Sasarai regain his position as second in command of Harmonia and stopped Luc's destructive plans.
- Suikoden IV has Snowe Vingerhut and his father. Snowe is portrayed as somewhat more sympathetic, as he negotiates for Razril to be occupied rather than risk a war with forces capable of blowing up an island, and is unaware of just how bad the occupation is thanks to be distracted by a false position. His father, on the other hand, is a straight-up Dirty Coward who ignores the atrocities committed by the occupying forces and stays holed up in his mansion.
- Suikoden V has Lord De Beers of Leclar, who supported whoever happened to have the most power in the Senate at any given moment. During the Falenan Civil War, he ditches his post at Leclar to hide in the fortress town of Doraat, then leaves there once the Loyalist Army approaches to cower in Stormfist. Eventually, when the Loyalist Army approaches again, he flees the country altogether. Notably, both sides of the conflict regard him with scorn and dismiss him as unimportant.
- Doctor Wallace Breen in Half-Life 2, though the Seven Hour War was an extremely bloody affair. Somehow, he managed to negotiate the surrender on the behalf of the United Nations and was appointed as the ruler of Earth. This is on top of undertaking the extremely dangerous experiment with a pure sample and ramping the equipment up beyond normal safe levels, causing the Black Mesa Incident. Then Gordon showed up again. Given Breen is partially responsible for causing the Combine to invade Earth (though it's up in the air if it was an intended outcome), it's not clear if his sucking up is just an attempt to curry favor with the invaders or if he genuinely believes his negotiations with the Combine are the only thing helping mankind and if we don't obey the Combine they'll simply choose to eradicate us.
- Turning Point: Fall of Liberty: In this Alternate History, where the Nazis and Imperial Japanese (who are off-screen) invade the United States, we have James Edward Stevenson. The Nazis managed to capture both the President and Vice President during the attack on Washington and announce that Stevenson, who was Speaker of the House, is now "President". His first act is to call on all American military forces to stand down, but the military simply ignores him and continues fighting alongside with the resistance movement anyway. Later in the game the resistance storms The White House in an attempt to kill him, they succeed. This act causes the Nazis to realize that the American Resistance is growing out of control for them.
- Final Fantasy XII:
- Marquis Ondore. His ruling fief isn't actually Archadian territory, as it remains neutral, but Ondore is infamously known for being pro-Archadian. On the other hand, however, he extensively funds resistance groups across Ivalice against the empire in a dangerous double-game, which turns into all-out war when another empire exploits the situation.
- Basch's brother Noah, better known by his title Judge Gabranth?]]
- Vossler counts being a little bit of a variation, since he sells out the party to the Archadians on the premise of Princess Ashe becoming a puppet queen until Larsa took over and then having the two work together to free Dalmasca. And then once things go to hell on the Leviathan, he's killed in the explosion. The funny thing is that plan of his would've probably worked, eventually.
- The Dirty Coward Count Borghen from Final Fantasy II. He allowed the Palamecians to overtake Fynn, is held in contempt by said Palamecians, ultimately an inept foe, but acts as the game's first major antagonist and manages to kill Josef.
- Fehn Digler (not to be confused with Heartwarming Orphan Fehn), the newscaster in Beyond Good & Evil, is a helpless suck-up to the Alpha Sections. He even has a personal contingent of Alpha guards! At the end of the game, when IRIS spurs Hillys into an open revolt against the Alpha Sections, and the Alphas are on their last legs, Fehn immediately starts sucking up to them, declaring the revolt a victory for the "proud journalistic profession."
- Homefront: The Greater Korean Republic (a united Korea ruled by the North) has annexed most of Southeast Asia and now turns it's attention to a weakened United States as it's next conquest. They take all the States west of the Mississippi River, but are finally halted at the river by the U.S. military. It's implied that the GKR has set up some kind of puppet regime in the occupied western States based in California, but we never encounter them in-game. The most we see of them comes from the game's website, where a video shows a former California state legislator talking to the local resistance forces about his experience with the invaders. Of course this particular guy is loyal to the resistance so he might have been a The Mole. We never see any other American quislings on-screen, although one normal collaborator shows up at one point.
- Mass Effect:
- Saren Arterius in Mass Effect, who honestly believes the invasion of the Reapers is inevitable and that helping them take over the Galaxy will prevent pointless sacrifices. There's a bit of Mind Control involved there, but it was never made clear exactly where Saren's interests ended and Sovereign's began.
- Quisling is mentioned by name in comparison to Ashley's grandfather, who surrendered his colony to an alien army rather than see millions of civilians die in a pointless Last Stand. It's rather clear that he was a scapegoat, but the incident prevents his granddaughter from rising higher in the ranks than a glorified security guard, until Captain Anderson takes her on board the Normandy. Given how young she became a Gunnery Sergeant, and by Mass Effect 3, a Lieutenant-Commander, she seems to have gotten past this.
- In Mass Effect 3, Councillor Donnel Udina decides to stage a coup at the Citadel with the aid of Cerberus, and have all his fellow Councillors assassinated. His motivations are left deliberately ambigious; Indoctrination, ambition, fear, and frustration at his fellow councilors' refusal to help the people of Earth, all are discussed as possible options.
- The purpose of Reaper Indoctrination is to turn it's victims into this. It's revealed to have happened to most of Cerberus in the third game, as well as the leaders of the Batarian Hegemony; the former disrupting allied resistance efforts and the latter laying down arms and letting themselves be curb-stomped by the Reapers. There's even an indoctrinated hanar at one point, who attempts to use a virus to disable the mostly automated defences of his homeworld.
- More BioWare examples from Knights of the Old Republic
- Chuundar on the Wookie homeworld of Kashyyyk. So long as he remains High Chieftain, he's all too glad to sell his own people to Czerka, arrange for his brother Zaalbar's exile and spread lies that his father has gone mad in order to get the party to do his dirty work. The player can either help overthrow him (Light Side points) or help keep him in power (Dark Side points).
- A side quest on the neutral world of Manaan reveals that the Sith have lured a number of young Selkath (the local species) to their embassy. The Sith have convinced them that their cause is just, so that they can help overthrow the Manaan government and replace it with a Sith-controlled one with the Sith-trained Selkath as the puppet leaders. The player can find them in the embassy and show how the Sith are lying (Light Side points) or just kill them (Dark Side points). This comes in very handy later as the player can use the evidence against the Sith to be aquitted at their trail for raiding the embassy. The Selkath understandably aren't happy that the Sith tried stage a coup.
- The sequel, Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords, has Queen Talia of Onderon, but it's more complicated. She's a staunch Republic ally and the Big Good of the Onderon questline, but her cousin and rival for the throne paints her as this trope and many think that she's selling out the planet as a result. If you do side with her, Kreia says that Onderon will prosper but ultimately lose its unique culture as a result.
- BioWare apparently likes to play with this one, as they did it again in Dragon Age II. Seamus, son of Viscount Dumar, is a big fan of the Qunari, who seem to be invading (or at least, that's what everyone thought, given that when Qunari show up someplace, it's typically to invade it; they've just been sitting around the docks, though, not doing much invading these past few years). Despite being in a position of relative power, being the son of the guy in charge of the whole city and all that, Seamus's conversations with his father amount more to a teenager arguing about rock-and-roll than any serious suggestions of joining the Qunari before things get bloody. However, he does end up being an unwitting pawn in the plan of a certain anti-Qunari faction, and ends up getting killed in the process. In a twist, the Qunari avenge him as one of their own, rather than spitting on his corpse as belonging to an honorless coward.
- In MechQuest, Kingadent Slugwrath turns out to have been selling out the planet of Lore and Soluna City to the Shadowscythe, sabotaging the Soluna Defense Force and seeking to destroy their leader, Odessa Pureheart, and turning a blind eye to Sys-Zero's kidnapping and assimilation by the Shadowscythe. After you kick Slugwrath's ass in the final battle of the first chapter, he attempts to escape in the head of his mech, but runs out of fuel, crashes, and is overrun by Shadowscythe. He ends up as a still-living head in a jar on the desk of the head of EvilCorp, who looks very much like Zorbak, as he muses on how at least he got the immortality he'd always wanted.
- Nufai the Skinwalker from Universe at War. As he comments himself, it's the sort of attitude that left him alive when The Hierarchy butchered the rest of his species.
- Gul'dan, Blackhand and the other members of the Shadow Council in Rise of the Horde and Warcraft: Orcs and Humans. Unlike the other orc leaders, who were tricked into making a pact with demons, they were aware of Kil'Jaeden's deceit and helped him transform the orcs into bloodthirsty monsters in exchange for (political and magical) power.
- King Perenolde of Alterac in Warcraft II, Tides of Darkness and Beyond the Dark Portal. During the orc invasion, he helped The Horde attack other human kingdoms so his own nation would stay relatively untouched.
- Dar'Khan Drathir in Warcraft: The Sunwell Trilogy. He's the one who betrayed his homeland Quel'Thalas by letting Arthas in and have his people slaughtered by the soon-to-be Lich King.
- A small-time version of this can be found in Jacoby Drexelhand, Korthos villager turned Devourer cultist and Sahuagin collaborator in the introductory Korthos Island missions from Dungeons & Dragons Online. While most Korthos villagers who joined the Devourer cult were kidnapped and forcibly indoctrinated into it, Jacoby gave himself willingly to the Devourer. When you confront him during the instance "The Collaborator," he tells you that the Sahuagin will kill anyone who doesn't convert, and that he's just watching out for his own hide. You promptly prove him wrong by fighting off his allies, tracking him down, and sending him into Khyber's embrace.
- Following Jacoby's death, his body is taken to the Decrepit Catacombs by the cultists of the Devourer and raised as an undead wight, who you then have to fight in the finale of the instance "Necromancer's Doom."
- Lionwhyte in Brütal Legend justifies his mass-enslavement of humanity as a means of brokering a beneficial peace with the demon factions underDoviculus' rule, and chews out Ironheade for putting all of humanity in danger. Ironheade counters by calling out Lionwhyte's selfishness in restricting humanity's passion and potential.
- Either Papa Khan or Regis could qualify in Fallout: New Vegas. Papa Khan is so keen for vengeance against the NCR that he's willing to enter into an alliance with The Legion, despite their practice of backstabbing every tribe who sides with them, press-ganging all the worthy men into their military and enslaving or killing the rest. Regis will take control of the Great Khans if Papa is assassinated, and will agree to a truce with the NCR in order to aid them against the Legion. Papa Khan however can be convinced to break off the alliance if you convince enough of his advisers to speak out against the alliance or disgrace the frumentarii in their camp.
- Fallout 3 gives us Anna Holt, a minor character who joins the Enclave after being captured by them. Impressed by their technology, she tells them all she knows about Project Purity, which your your father died trying to keep out of the Enclave's hands. Players looking to get a little payback will still receive negative karma for rewarding them as a traitor deserves though, as the game doesn't account for the betrayal in the character's karma attribute.
- In EarthBound, Pokey joins Giygas fairly early in the game, and acts as a thorn in Ness's side for the first half of the game. He spends most of the rest of the game on the run, until he finally shows up in the endgame as Giygas's Dragon. After Giygas's defeat, he manages to escape and becomes the Big Bad of Mother3. Though leftover data in Mother 3 shows that at some point, Itoi planned to have Porky try to resurrect Giygas using the Masked Man's body as a vessel. Though whether this was out of continued loyalty or simple nihilism is up for debate.
- Mobile Suit Gundam: Char's Counterattack: Neo Zeon jumped at the chance to help the Balmarians in Shin Super Robot Wars, as the one and only means to ensure a future for mankind.
- In Super Mario Bros., the Goombas appear to have been a whole race of quislings. Most sources say they were once subjects of the Mushroom Kingdom, but for unknown reasons, turned against them and sided with Bowser, becoming part of his army. (It's not true with all of them; Mario has allied himself with a few of them in his time.)
- In Conquest: Frontier Wars Admiral Smirnoff allies with the Mantis loyalists in exchange for ruling earth as their vassal. Naturally in the bad ending the Mantis decide to destroy earth instead, him with it.
- Of Orcs And Men occasionally pits the player characters against Orcs who, either out of cowardice or pragmatism, work for The Empire. This includes Arkail's father, who sold out his tribe rather than having them fight the invaders to the death.
- Fire Emblem:
- Fire Emblem: Binding Blade has King Zephiel of Bern secure the aid of at least one high-profile person in each country in his quest to conquer all of Elibe, with each one having a different reason for signing on. General Leygance, the head of the military of Ostia, just wanted to be on the winning side; Lord Arcard and Royal Advisor Roartz of Etruria felt their various shady business dealings would be more secure under a Bernese government; Chieftain Monke of the Sacaean Djute Clan hoped Bern's enormous military could help him break his war of attrition with his rival clans; and Flightleader Sigune of the Ilian Mercenaries was, true to her occupation, presumably being paid.
- Sacred Stones has Orson, a once beloved and respected knight of Renais who joins the invading Empire of Grado and was granted all of Renais to rule in their name, because he crossed the Despair Event Horizon after the death of his wife and Grado had promised to bring her Back from the Dead.
- Vaas in Far Cry 3. He used to be Rakyat, but then there was an "incident" and he joined up as Hoyt's second-in-command. Vaas is usually an unstable crackhead, but whenever he's within ten yards of his boss, he suddenly develops some kind of respect for authority and an indoor voice. Yeah, Hoyt is THAT terrifying.
- Keith David becomes this in Saints Row 4, being offered to be made "mayor" of the simulation and promised to have Earth restored by Zinyak in exchange for the President's life. After the betrayal they're even given a Lando Calrissian-esque outfit to cement it.
- Mortal Kombat has Kano, leader of the Black Dragons, an Earthrealm criminal empire that sells technology, weapons, and services to the highest bidder. This includes selling weapons to Shao Kahn when the latter attempted to conquer Earthrealm. On top of this, he's been repeatedly shown to sell out his current benefactor if someone else offers him a better price. In brief, he's a prick, and a demonstrably disloyal, treacherous, self-serving one at that.
- Dawn of War: Dark Crusade: In the Imperial Guard stronghold, an outlying base rebels if you kill their commissar and sends Cannon Fodder at the main base, no matter which faction you're playing as. In the Space Marines' case, those Guardsmen are executed afer you win for betraying the Guard (both factions are fighting due to Just Following Orders in the first place).
- System Shock: Edward Diego, the Corrupt Corporate Executive who gave the order to remove SHODAN's ethical limiters, thought he could control SHODAN. When cornered and at SHODAN's mercy, he winds up betraying what remains of the human resistance on Citadel Station to her, and is basically worshipping SHODAN as he does so. SHODAN rewards him by turning him into a uniquely powerful cyborg, and seems to have left him at least some measure of free will, though his loyalty to her appears to be absolute. He then becomes her dragon, acting as the top enforcer of SHODAN's will on Citadel Station.
- The Elder Scrolls:
- From the perspective of the other Dunmeri Great Houses, Great House Hlaalu was this for The Empire in Morrowind. During the war with Tiber Septim, the Hlaalu advocated joining the Imperials even before Tribunal deity Vivec called for an armistice, and as a result of their cooperation with the Imperials, House Hlaalu experienced an unprecedented surge in power and influence, politically and economically. House Hlaalu had their leaders placed into positions of power within the new Imperial provincial structure, including as Puppet King and as the Dukes (governors) of Morrowind's Imperial districts. This had the more conservative Dunmer Houses, like House Redoran and House Indoril (which was formerly the most powerful Great House of the Dunmer due to their connections with the Tribunal Temple) in an uproar. House Hlaalu was given nearly every lucrative Ebony mining contract with the Empire and received great support from their Imperial allies. This, however, came back to bite them at the beginning of the 4th Era, when a series of catastrophes all-but destroyed Morrowind and it's people, prompting the Empire (which was itself severely weakened as a result of the Oblivion Crisis) to cut it's losses and abandon Morrowind while other, less Imperial-minded Great Houses (especially House Redoran) stood up to defend and rebuild their homeland. As a result, Morrowind declared it's independence from the Empire and House Hlaalu was unceremoniously stripped of all it's power and turned into a scapegoat for all the Dunmer people's suffering. When the Dunmer culture next gets some focus in Skyrim's Dragonborn DLC, House Hlaalu has effectively been Unpersoned with the other Great Houses, led by the Redorans, forming an aristocratic republic reminiscent of the pre-Imperial Dunmeri government (though with the theocratic elements toned down due to the events of Morrowind which cost them their Physical Gods the old government had been built around).
- Similarly, the Archein tribe of Argonians was one of these. During the 3rd Era, they made fortunes by selling other Argonians into slavery. They also served as the advisors of the Imperial governors in Black Marsh, while being allowed to more directly rule over the more rural areas. When the Empire fell following the Oblivion Crisis, they quickly went bankrupt and were hunted by other Argonians as traitors.
- Lothar Rendain the Big Bad of Battleborn is this. Coming to the conclusion that the Varelsi threat was inevitable, he saw that the only practical solution for survival would have to be to ally with these cosmic horrors instead. Although this meant betraying everyone else in the universe aiding the Varelsi in their destruction of the remaining universe, he saw this as the most pragmatic option as the objective was worth it. After all, per the Jennerit motto "Any Deed. Any Price."
- Nihlathak from Act V of Diablo II is this in spades. He's one of the only surviving Elders of the Barbarians of Harrogath, who are under siege from Baal, the Lord of Destruction, and cut a deal with that same Prime Evil by giving him the Relic of the Ancients in return for sparing Harrogath. Said Relic allows Baal to bypass the Ancients, the guardians of the Worldstone, so that he can corrupt it and bring about Hell on Earth. No mercy is had for Nihlathak when he's cut down, but he's one of the tougher bosses of the Act aside from Baal, and to top things off, he's the only villain in the entire game who gets the full Dragged Off to Hell treatment.
- Captain Vole from Girl Genius is a Jagerkin example of this trope; the only one of their kind to utterly discard his loyalty to the Heterodynes to serve Baron Wulfenbach, Vole doesn't consider himself a Jager and seems to relish the idea of destroying what is left of the Heterodynes so the Jagers have no choice but to follow his lead. Because of the friction this causes with the other Jagers (who all serve Wulfenbach while awaiting the Heterodynes' return), Vole has been forcibly assigned to Mechanicsburg — the only town in Europa the Jagerkin cannot enter.
- See also Doctor Silas Merlot. When Dr. Beetle is killed, Merlot attempts to pose the suggestion to Baron Wulfenbach that no one need know that the well-respected Beetle is kaputski. Unfortunately, the Baron is a little smarter and a bit more principled than most overlords; he despises traitors, and not just because a man willing to change sides that easily certainly can't be trusted to stay loyal to you. Merlot's punishment? He has to run Beetleburg, after the populace has been made aware that Dr. Beetle's death was the direct result of Merlot's petulant theatrics. He doesn't learn, either.
- Tsukiko the necromancer in The Order of the Stick, who joins the Azurite military solely so she can switch sides and help Xykon at the first opportunity. And a couple other prisoners the Paladins released. In retrospect, that was a universally bad decision on their part, as the prisoners seem to all be Chaotic Evil and immediately started looking for ways to join Xykon. Yes, folks, in Dungeons & Dragons, being the Quisling can be a major part of your morality and/or religion!
- Eridan Ampora attempts to become this. He gets as far as murdering Feferi and Kanaya, destroying the Matriorb and blinding Sollux in a duel before Kanaya comes back as a rainbow drinker and dispatches him with her chainsaw.
- And it turns out Gamzee. He's the only character who hasn't been tricked into following Doc Scratch's plans. (Rose did work with Scratch, but she had no idea what his true plan for her was.)
- Numerous celebrities become this on Post-Scratch Earth, most notably Insane Clown Posse and Guy Fieri.
- In Vattu, the title character encounters another slave who reveres the Sahtan civilization and scorns the fluters that he came from.
- In d20monkey, Dove tries to win an important Dungeons & Dragons tournament by pledging service to the Big Bad of the adventure and offering Dallas, the only other surviving character, as a sacrifice. When Dallas calls upon a construct of vengeance as retribution for this backstab, he tries to pledge himself to it as well, only to be smooshed into a bloody paste instantly without as much as a charisma roll for his attempt.
- In article about a computer learning to play "pong" from EGMi, EGM's digital magazine, the writer of the article said, "I'd like to be the first to welcome our new computer overlords as that's how a lot of apocalyptic science-fiction novels start."
- In We Are All Pokémon Trainers, during the Rt AU arc where dragons turn most of humanity into Pokémon, Vallok gets some draconic humons to betray their species in return for better treatment, including Benjamin old classmate Reggie, who now goes by Julkriid.
- Exo Squad:
- Journalist Amanda Connor becomes the face of the Neosapien occupation, much to the disgust (but not surprise) of her ex-husband, Sean Napier, himself leader of La Résistance.
- After Phaeton takes over Earth, Venus, and Mars, the mayor of
ChicagoPhaeton City is giving speeches welcoming their new masters practically before the smoke has cleared.
- Evil Chancellor Grumper in the Felix the Cat movie.
- A.J. in The Fairly OddParents! TV movie "Abra-catastrophe". "I, for one, am grateful we live in a world wherein our ape overlords allow us to share in their hilarious sense of wordplay."
- In the My Life as a Teenage Robot special "Escape From Cluster Prime", Arch-Alpha Bitches Brit and Tiff are pretty quick to side with the Alien invaders. They later make a Heel–Face Turn at just the right moment, and get away pretty easily, as far as anyone can tell.
- The Simpsons
- Kent Brockman, when believing the world was about to be invaded by a master race of giant ants, comments that "I, for one, welcome our new insect overlords. I'd like to remind them that as a trusted TV reporter, I can be useful in rounding up others to toil in their underground sugar caves." Once this is all cleared up, he says, "Well, this reporter was... a little hasty earlier and would like to... reaffirm his allegiance to this country and its human president. May not be perfect, but it's still the best government we have. For now." The camera pulls back to reveal a hastily-drawn "HAIL ANTS" poster, which Kent quickly rips off.
- Kent Brockman does it again in "The Joy of Sect", this time for his job:
Kent Brockman: Springfield has been overrun by a strange and almost certainly evil sect, calling themselves "the Movementarians". In exchange for your home and all your money, the Leader of this "way out" and "wrong" religion claims he'll take believers away on his spaceship to the planet "Blisstonia". Excuse my editorial laugh. (laughs) But— (a note is passed to him) Ladies and gentlemen, I have just learned of a change in this station's management! Welcome, Movementarians! Continue to improve our lives! I love you, perfect Leader... and new CEO of KBBL broadcasting!
- Mr. Burns in has been heavily suggested to have been aiding the Germans throughout the World Wars and, unlike Schindler, takes pride in having built shells for the Nazis which worked, dammit! It's even implied that him botching Abe Simpson's assassination attempt on Hitler was not just an accident. Depending on the Writer though it's unclear on which side he started with (he has a S.S membership card and the Fuhrer fired him after the Plywood Pelican's fiasco).
- Wuya from Xiaolin Showdown. Once one of the most powerful evil forces in the world, she is condemned to exist in spirit form and needs solid people to do her dirty work for her. She usually works for/with Jack Spicer, the incompetent junior villain who freed her from her puzzle box, but the series made a Running Gag of her going off to work with villains she saw as more powerful, only to come crawling back to Jack as soon as those villains were defeated.
- In Ben 10: Omniverse episode "Frogs of War Part 2", Will Harangue, one of Ben's most vocal critics, sings the praises of the Incurseans who conquered Earth, because they launched Ben into space in a prison pod. Later episode "Return to Forever" states that afterwards Harangue lost viewership because of said praise-singing. Which he, of course, blames Ben for it.
- Gravity Falls:
- Attempted by Preston Northwest once Bill Cipher and his fellow demons take over. Keyword being "attempted"; Bill decides that while it's a great offer, he'd prefer to rearrange the functions of the various holes in Preston's face.
- Played straight with Gideon, with Bill giving Gideon the position of enforcer and the task to prevent anyone from rescuing Mabel. Gideon accepts this because he gets much of what he dreamed of—a position of power where he has dominion, and control over Mabel.
- When Tex Avery was working on his animated short Blitz Wolf, Fred Quimby, his boss at MGM studios, cautioned him not to be too harsh when parodying Adolf Hitler. When Avery incredulously asked why, Quimby replied, completely straightfaced, "After all, Tex, we don't know who's going to win the war." Avery was so disgusted by this that he made the parody even meaner.
- The Trope Namer is referenced in the Looney Tunes cartoon "Daffy and Tom Turk". Daffy Duck is hiding a turkey that Porky Pig is hunting for Thanksgiving dinner. Daffy refuses to tell Porky where the turkey is, but caves in after hearing the scrumptious dishes Porky was planning to serve with the turkey. Upon realizing this, the turkey calls Daffy a "Quisling".
- Vidkun Quisling, the real life Trope Namer, was a Norwegian fascist politician. Nazi Germany invaded Norway on April 9th 1940 and, hoping for an easy capitulation like Denmark the day previous, asked Quisling to form his own government. Quisling attempted to do so, only to find he had no popular support and no one listened to him. The Germans attempted to negotiate support for him with the King of Norway and the government in exile, but were flatly refused. He was finally appointed Minister President of Norway in 1942. When Germany lost the war, he was accused of high treason and sentenced to death by firing squad (did we mention that Norway un-banned the death penalty just for him? No? Well, they did that). The Trope Namer was created in an editorial in The Times in 1940 and quickly picked up by other news agencies and Winston Churchill.
"To writers, the word Quisling is a gift from the gods. If they had been ordered to invent a new word for traitor... they could hardly have hit upon a more brilliant combination of letters. Aurally it contrives to suggest something at once slippery and tortuous."
- The United States has a much older "Quisling" in the form of Benedict Arnold, whose name has become synonymous with "traitor" in American English. As a general in the rebel Continental Army, Arnold performed a number of particularly courageous acts, but a combination of financial troubles and a perceived lack of recognition by his peers convinced him to sell out his comrades to the British. He tried to take a fort (West Point, today the site of the US Military Academy) with him, but his plot failed and he ultimately fled back to Britain. Recent scholarship suggests that Arnold's wife Peggy Shippen Arnold might have instigated the betrayal, though at the time she was cleared of charges. Some also say that there was a religious motive – as a staunch Protestant he didn't like the idea of the Rebels accepting aid from Catholic France. The famous Boot Monument was erected in honor of his heroism at the Battle of Saratoga, but due to his later betrayal it is the only US war memorial to exclude any mention of the honoree's name. Instead it simply alludes to his identity by describing his actions and the wound he received (a bullet to the foot, hence his boot being honored rather than the man himself). Historians believe that had he died in that battle, the name "Benedict Arnold" would probably be associated with schools, forts, and warships named in honor of a national war hero.
- Wang Jingwei, one-time heir to Sun Yat-Sen until Chiang Kai-Shek asserted himself as the leader of the KMT/GMD with the backing of the military. In 1940 he became President of the Wang Jingwei regime based out of the Japanese-occupied areas of China. His name is considered a byword for supreme treachery to a degree that makes Benedict Arnold's look petty. Fortunately for him he died of natural causes in '44, though his wife was tried and found guilty of treason at the post-war Nanjing War Crimes trial. To be fair, Wang had good cause to believe that his defection could ensure that the relationship between China and Japan would be one of co-operation, and not exploitation. However, the political situation changed as Japan moved to strike out at the Allies and the USA, and he quickly became little more than a puppet. All he could really do from then on was try to limit the worst excesses of the Japanese Army as they bled the country dry.
- Puyi, the "emperor" of "Manchukuo", the Japanese puppet state in Manchuria. He quickly found he didn't much care for the job and was constantly at odds with the Japanese and their exploitative zaibatsu corporations; the only reason he took it on was that the Japanese wanted a monarchist Quisling to rule the northeast, and he happened to be the only candidate for the job (having previously been the legitimate Qing Dynasty Emperor of China before the Xinhai Revolution). After the war, he was imprisoned by the Soviets, then handed over to Communist China, and finally released, later dying of natural causes.
- Pierre Laval, who was The Man Behind the Man to Marshal Pétain in the Vichy French regime, and the reason "Les Collaborateurs" is a French phrase. Laval had been obsessively anti-Nazi and anti-German prior to the fall of France, but afterward decided the Nazis were the inevitable winners and did everything possible to ingratiate himself to them. When France was freed from Nazi rule, both were sentenced to death, though Pétain got his sentence commuted to life imprisonment by De Gaulle. Laval, lacking Pétain's record of WW1 heroism and advanced age, was given no such mercy.
- Andrey Vlasov, a former Soviet general who defected to Germany during World War II and founded the collaborationist Russian Liberation Army, is the most infamous example of a pro-German collaborationist from the Soviet Union, to the point that his namesakes (Vlasov is a relatively common surname for Russians) during the Soviet times often noted in their questionnaires that they have no relation with the traitor-general.
- The Belarusian Central Rada was a collaborator's government made up of Belarusians previously involved in anti-Red/pro-White fighting in the region during the Russian Civil War.
- In one of the greatest ironies of World War II, Benito Mussolini ended up becoming one himself during the Italian Campaign in the later years of the conflict. Early in the war, he had been a fascist dictator and conqueror in his own right, having come to power 11 whole years before Hitler, and with plans to carve out a "new Roman Empire" across the Mediterranean, for which he would inevitably need Quislings of his own. However, the Allies and his own monumental incompetence thwarted those plans and in 1943, the Allies singled him out to be the first Axis leader to fall. After the invasion of Sicily, with the Italian people angry and fed up with him, Mussolini was overthrown by King Victor Emmanuel III and General Badoglio, who signed an armistice that effectively saw Italy change sides and join the Allies. The Nazis didn't like that, and ordered the troops they had in the country to take Italy back. German commandos freed Mussolini from his prison and he was appointed head of the "Italian Social Republic", or RSI. However, the RSI was just a puppet state for the Nazis, with Mussolini and his fellow Italian fascists now fully subservient to Hitler and the Wehrmacht. He was so hated by his own people that when he was finally recaptured near the end of the war, he was executed by firing squad and his body was unceremoniously strung up in public.
- One of Ancient Rome's favored tactics for conquest was to promise a local chieftain that he would be able to rule as a petty king over the conquered land if he agreed to provide information or troops to the Romans. What made it particularly effective was that the Romans punctiliously kept their word; submit, and Roman armies would protect you from others; don't submit, and the results would be very messy and very bad for you.
- The Romans created cultural quislings where they would demand the pliant chieftains' sons as "hostages" and ship them to Rome, where they would be treated to the high life and the best Roman culture could give. This resulted in the heirs becoming thoroughly Romanized and converting a previously "barbarian" kingdom into a miniature Rome.
- The British Empire copied this by setting up British-style schools and universities all over the empire, and by sending the sons of native rulers (and some bright commoners) to Eton and Oxford. Nehru, as one of these, was considered "the last Englishman to rule India". Likewise, the native leaders of princely states within The Raj could also be considered this.
- Ephialtes of Trachis is remembered in Greece in the same way that Quisling is in Norway, and "Ephialtes" has become a synonym for traitor. He betrayed his countrymen and joined the Persians during the Battle of Thermopylae, showing them a mountain path that allowed the Persian forces to outflank the Spartan and other Greek forces that were defending the narrow pass.
- A more recent example: Alaa Hussein Ali, Saddam Hussein's puppet leader following the invasion of Kuwait. Prior to the war he had held dual Kuwaiti/Iraqi citizenship. He had grown up in Kuwait and later went to Iraq to study. While there he joined Saddam's ruling political faction, the Baathist Party. Sometime after returning home he joined the Kuwaiti Army and held the rank of lieutenant when the invasion began. But rather than fight the invasion, he latched on to it and was appointed head of the "Republic of Kuwait" puppet regime. However, just one week later Saddam declared Kuwait was now part of Iraq and rewarded Ali by making him Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq. After Kuwait was liberated and Saddam's army utterly devasted by Coalition forces, Ali dissappeared. He wasn't seen or heard from until 1998, seven years later, when he turned up in Norway. He returned to Kuwait in 2000 where he was convicted of treason.
- After the American Civil War, the formerly little-used term "scalawag" (meaning "scoundrel") became widely-known as a term of abuse for Southerners allied with the North during the war and Reconstruction.
- The equivalent term in South Asia (or at least in the Bengal region) is 'Mir Jafar'. Mir Jafar was a courtier and a general in the court of the Nawab of Bengal, Sirajuddowla. He made a pact with Robert Clive of the East India Company and during the historical Battle of Plassey, stood by and did nothing while Sirajuddowla's army was slaughtered by the British Army. This treachery thus led to the beginning of the Company's political domination of India and eventually to the British Raj and 200 years of political, economic and social domination.
- People who suck up to invaders don't always end up condemned by history.
- Alexander Nevsky was a Russian prince who first rose to prominence as a military leader in the aftermath of the Mongol invasions of 1223-1240, winning several victories against invading Catholic armies. Rather than try to fight the Mongols, he did everything he could to placate them. He was successful; Russia ended up with a better deal from the Mongols than they gave to other nations they had invaded and conquered. Today, Alexander Nevsky is considered a national hero of Russia and is a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.
- Nevsky's good name derives in part from the fact that the Catholics (the Swedes, Germans, and Poles) were trying to convert the Russians to Catholicism, while the Mongols didn't give a damn what church the Russians were members of so long as they paid tribute.
- The first few princes of Moscow - starting with Daniel, Alexander Nevsky's youngest son - continued collaborating, and were able to expand their territory and conquer other petty Russian principalities with the approval and sometimes active support of the Mongols. Eventually, the Muscovite state grew strong enough to first break free from Mongol rule and then conquer all the remnants of the Golden Horde.
- José P. Laurel is today mostly known as the President of the Philippines during World War II, but he had an illustrious political career both before and after the war. Although in his case it was actually a subversion, because he was basically told to do so by the exiled president, Manuel L. Quezon. He was thus this, Promoted to Scapegoat, a Reverse Mole and a Mole in Charge.
- Alexander Nevsky was a Russian prince who first rose to prominence as a military leader in the aftermath of the Mongol invasions of 1223-1240, winning several victories against invading Catholic armies. Rather than try to fight the Mongols, he did everything he could to placate them. He was successful; Russia ended up with a better deal from the Mongols than they gave to other nations they had invaded and conquered. Today, Alexander Nevsky is considered a national hero of Russia and is a saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.
- One of the reasons why the beatification of Croatian archbishop Aloysius Stepinac is kiiiiind of a Broken Base generator among Catholics is that he has been accused of being this to the Ustasha, the horrifyingly brutal Nazi-inspired group that ruled Croatia during World War II. His defenders say that he initially welcomed the Independent State of Croatia, but by 1942 he had started to openly condemn the Nazi-aligned state's atrocities against Jews and Serbs, and even spoke against the Ustasha in public, but was unable to do lots to help the Ustasha targets.