A sonnet is a structured poetry form with origins in medieval Europe. The exact structure varies from author to author, but as codified
by William Shakespeare
, the typical English language sonnet has the following characteristics:
- Three quatrains: sets of four lines, connected narratively or thematically, in which the first and third lines rhyme, as do the second and fourth.
- The verse concludes with a rhyming couplet, which generally serves to reinforce or subvert what the rest of the poem has said.
- Each line is in iambic pentameter.
- The sentiment of the poem is reflective and/or introspective.
As always, The Other Wiki
has more information
, and examples abound in the public domain.