Shiritori (jp. しりとり) is a Japanese word game that can be played by two or more people and is often used to pass the time. The rules of the game are as follows:
- The players take turns coming up with words beginning with the final syllable of the previous word;
- Words may not be repeated;
- Whoever uses a word ending in "N" loses, since there are no words in Japanese beginning with the "N" syllable.
Additional rules may be added, such as restricting the words to a specific theme (e.g.: trees, cars, names of cities...).
In China it is known as 接龍 jiēlóng
or 文字接龍 wénzì jiēlóng
while in Korean it is known as 끝말잇기 kkeutmal-isgi
This game is also played in many other countries, although since most languages are encoded in phonemes instead of syllables the "syllable rule" is replaced with a "letter rule" (i.e.: the next word has to begin with the last letter of the previous word), and eliminating the "N rule". A common English variant is "Alphabet," where they think up words in alphabetical order (i.e.: "Apple," "board," "cart," etc until Z).
The Soviet Union had a specific variant most commonly referred to as "The Game of Cities", where the words had to be names of existing cities and towns. A relaxed version of the rules also allowed countries.
Anime and Manga
- A version with catch phrases, one-liners, and assorted strange sentences is used for the Eye Catches for Hayate the Combat Butler's first season and Zettai Karen Children. It's one of the quirks of director Keiichiro Kawaguchi.
- The first episode's Post-Episode Trailer for Sola, where Yorito keeps coming up with names of clouds.
- Happens in an episode of Hidamari Sketch, when the group are sitting around watching Miyako's apartment leak.
- This happens in Kanon (both the game and the anime), with Yuuichi and Mai. Since Mai keeps adding "-san" to animal names, she always loses.
- In the final episode of Planetes, Hachimaki proposes to Tanabe ("Kekkon shiou") during a Shiritori game. She accepts ("Un!"), losing the game in the process.
- The titular club plays this in the Beach Episode of Genshiken, and it swiftly derails into a fight because Madarame refuses to refer to a Gundam character (Sayla Mass) without the suffix "-san".
- In Sgt. Frog, Keroro, Tamama, and Giroro play this in the episode where they visit Grandma Hinata at her house in the country.
- This also happens in an early episode of Excel Saga. Since Excel and the person she's playing with are both hungry, all the items they name are food.
- Played at the Deimon Devil Bats' party to celebrate their victory over the Hakushuu Dinosaurs and th efact that they made it to the Christmas Bowl in Eyeshield 21.
- In ×××HOLiC, Shiritori is revealed as a method for warding off evil spirits, but only after Watanuki is "tricked" into playing it while being chased by said evil spirits, making this a sort of reverse Chekhov's Gun example.
- In the .hack//Legend of the Twilight manga, Shogo plays this with an AI. You cannot beat someone who can instantly look up every word that exists.
- One episode of Digimon Adventure has the characters split into teams and play the game with song lyrics.
- Imouto Wa Shishunki: Kanami starts a game with her kindergarten class and their teacher starts to say reezun (raisin) but then she realises that means she would lose and changes it mid-word to rezubian (lesbian). The other teacher is shocked but Kanami just cheerfully points out that she loses.
- In Ray, Ray's mentor is immune to mind reading - he constantly plays shiritori in his head whenever a telepath is in range.
- Spontaneously happens in an episode of Gintama when the Yorozuya trio are playing hot potato with a time bomb.
- In Futari wa Pretty Cure, Nagisa and Mepple end up playing shiritori while hiding from the goon squad on a subway station after the villains manage to separate them from Honoka. Due to Mepple's Verbal Tic ("mepo") Nagisa has to come up with words that start with "po", until Mepple tells her that "ho" is okay too. Of course, the only word Nagisa can think of is "Honoka"... which leads to major ass-kicking.
- As with the Kanon and Genshiken examples above, in the Ah! My Goddess TV series, Belldandy loses against Keiichi when she calls eggs "Tamago-san".
- In Nichijou, Yuuko is particularly bad at shiritori, often falling afoul of the N rule. In a drawing-based variant while passing notes to Mio during class, she draws Superman and notices that she will lose since it ends with N. She tries to correct this by changing it to Supermans, but Mio doesn't buy it and crosses out the "s" and the extra Supermen she drew in a hurry.
- A few episodes later, while the girls are trapped inside an elevator, they start playing shiritori to pass the time: Yuuko's first word is Mikan (Orange). It takes their isolation-addled minds several seconds to realise that there's a problem.
- The third episode of Daily Lives of High School Boys had this. Tadakuni, who hated that, eventually passed on several times completely by accident.
- Kane, Millie and Canal play this in the Lost Universe episode "The Bathroom Disappears". After a while, they reach a point where any word Canal suggests causes the other two to come up with a word that reminds them of the fact that the bathroom has disappeared.
- The main cast of Toradora! is playing this on the bus to the ski resort, at least until Minorin drags it way off track with yet another non sequitur.
- No Game No Life has materialization shiratori, where any word said materializes if it isn't there. If it is already there, then it disappears.
- One episode of Chronicles of the Going Home Club has a very intense game between Sakura and Natsuki.
- In Samurai Deeper Kyo, the last Berserker Haira starts his "fight" against Bontenmaru with a game of Shiritori using the words as names for his attacks. At first Bontenmaru can't think names fast enough to attack himself and is at Haira's mercy, but eventually he cheats and starts using whole idioms instead of words, which ends up confusing Haira so much that he repeats himself, losing the game and receiving a Megaton Punch for his trouble.
- Various gadgets of Anime/Doraemon are based Shiritori, such as しりとり変身卵 shiritori henshin tamago allowing a user to change into various objects through the game (for example,ねこ neko Cat->こいkoi Koi Fish->イドido Well->ドラえもんdoraemon).
- There's also the しりとりテレポーテーション shiritori terepōtēshon which teleports the player to various locations instead of changing forms.
- In Shirokuma Cafe, Panda tries to pass his time at the zoo by ringing up Polar Bear to play shiritori over the phone, starting with ringo (apple). Polar Bear, who actually works for a living, replies with goukon (group blind date) and immediately hangs up.
- One of the Scott Pilgrim volumes includes a short game of this played between Scott, Ramona and Wallace. Scott is praised when he transitions Donkey Kong into Don Quixote, until Wallace points out there's nowhere to go from there.
- The game shows up a few times in GoGo Sentai Boukenger, the first and most notable instance being when four of the five team members are trapped in a snowfall in their mecha. They were so confident Satoru was going to rescue them that they figured they may as well pass the time with a game.
- Married... with Children has an example of the game being played with the "letter rule" in English, using place names. It gets derailed when Kelly thinks Alabama ends with R ("Alabammer").