A collection of distinct series which are often considered as a collective unit under a blanket title. They often, but not always, share a common continuity; even when they do not, they are more closely bound than {{Spinoff}}s.

While characters may come and go, formats may change from live action to animated and back again, and even production houses/creators may change over time, the thing that remains constant for a franchise is the [[TheVerse universe in which it takes place]].

In the US, series franchises are fairly rare, and usually result from a series spawning several successful {{Revival}}s, though in recent years, an increasing number of successful US series have spawned concurrent franchises, where more than one installment has aired simultaneously.

Franchises are more common in other countries, especially in the {{Anime}} and {{Toku}} genres of Japan. However, they are frequently implemented by way of [[AlternateContinuity Alternate Continuities]] that employ the same core cast in slightly (or greatly!) different settings, rather than alternate casts in the same continuity. This version is also very common in video games.

{{Reality show}}s are also often counted as franchises, with each season being counted as a distinct series in its own right. (Thus ''Series/{{Survivor}}'' is considered a Franchise, whose installments include ''Survivor: Borneo'', ''Survivor: The Australian Outback'', et cetera.)

On Wiki/TVTropes, multimedia franchises may receive pages in the dedicated Franchise/ namespace if over three ''different'' mediums of them have pages here.

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!!Examples of concurrent UK franchises:
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' during its 21st-century revival (the Davies era had the main show, the DarkerAndEdgier ''Series/{{Torchwood}}'', and the LighterAndSofter ''Series/TheSarahJaneAdventures'', all broadcast during the same period; the Moffat era spawned the Young Adult spin-off. ''Series/{{Class}}''). There has also been the huge Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse in other media, from the 1960s to date.

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!!Examples of concurrent US franchises:
* ''Series/{{CSI}}'' (3 series, seven PC games, console games, plus non-canon comics and novels.)
* ''Franchise/LawAndOrder'' (5 series [6 if you count ''[[Series/LawAndOrderUK UK]]''], two PC games.)
* Creator/DickWolf's ''Chicago'' franchise (4 series -- ''[[Series/ChicagoFire Fire]]'', ''[[Series/ChicagoPD PD]]'', ''[[Series/ChicagoMed Med]]'' and ''[[Series/ChicagoJustice Justice]]'' -- connected to ''L&O'' via ''Series/LawAndOrderSVU''.)
* ''[[StargateVerse Stargate]]'' (Movie, 3 series, two series movies, plus non-canonical AnimatedAdaptation.)

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!!Examples of consecutive US franchises:
* ''Franchise/GIJoe'' (An uncommonly large number of action figures, 4 different animated series, live-action films, and comic books and video games.)
* ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' by way of ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' below. (Has had consecutive installments for 20 years, [[SequelNumberSnarl but exactly how many installments that IS has gotten complicated]]. Counting the installments roughly yearly is a good rule of thumb. In addition there are at least three movies and several video games.)
* ''Series/SavedByTheBell'' (3 series, or 4, depending on how ''Good Morning Miss Bliss'' is counted.)
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'' (5 series [some of which ran concurrently], 12 movies, an AnimatedAdaptation and a great many video games for pretty much every platform, plus a bazillion tie-in novels and comic books.)

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!!Examples of {{Anime}} and {{Toku}} franchises:
* ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' (6 series and 9 movies across five continuities, 6 manga series and at least 40 games)
* ''Anime/ElHazardTheMagnificentWorld'' (three series in continuity, plus a fourth that's an alternate version)
* ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' (Eleven series, plus {{OAV}} releases, movies, in-canon games and even a ''ride'', some in the same continuity, some not)
* ''Franchise/KamenRider'' (split between the Creator/ShotaroIshinomori era[[note]]7 series from 1971-1981 and 2 series in 1987-1989 (all of which take place in the same universe), then 1 DirectToVideo [[Film/ShinKamenRiderPrologue film]] in 1992 and 2 [[Film/KamenRiderZO theatrical]] [[Film/KamenRiderJ features]] in 1993-1994 (which occupy their own little continuities)[[/note]] and the [[OutlivedItsCreator Post-Ishinomori]] era [[note]]one TV series per year from 2000-present, each of which has at least one movie, all seperated by TheMultiverse as mapped out by ''Series/KamenRiderDecade''[[/note]])
* ''Anime/{{Macross}}'' (now on its fourth TV series, with three OAV series, three movies[[note]]four if we're counting the compilation/crossover ''[=FB7=]''[[/note]], and a number of other [=OVAs=].
* ''Franchise/MaiHime'': ''Anime/MaiHime'', ''Anime/MaiOtome'', the Otome-verse [=spinoff=]s (''Anime/MaiOtomeZwei'', ''Anime/MaiOtome0Sifr''), and ''LightNovel/MaiHimeDestiny''.
* ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'': Six distinct series (original: 1997-2002; ''Advanced Generation'': 2002-2006; ''Weekly Pokémon Broadcast'''s sidestory episodes (US: ''Pokémon Chronicles''): 2002-2004; ''Diamond & Pearl'': 2006-2010; ''Best Wishes'': 2010-2013); ''XY'' (2013-2016); ''Sun & Moon'' (2017-present) and 20+ annual movies. The anime franchise is just about as big, if not bigger, than the actual video game franchise; see below.)
** In the English dub, the main series anime gets divided up even more, in a setup like typical television seasons.
* ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' (35+ series since 1975)
* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'' (one OAV series, two TV series, and three movies, one of which is in a different continuity than any of the series)
* ''Anime/{{Yatterman}}'' (2 TV series (1977-1979 and 2008-2009), a 2-episode OVA, a 2009 live-action movie and a 2009 anime movie)
* ''Franchise/YuGiOh'' (a long-running card game, six anime series, and countless video games, as well as several manga series, [[AdaptationDisplacement one of which being where the series started from]].)

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!!Examples of VideoGame franchises:
* ''Franchise/AceAttorney'' (Six games in the main series, two in the ''[[VisualNovel/AceAttorneyInvestigationsMilesEdgeworth Investigations]]'' series, [[VisualNovel/DaiGyakutenSaibanNaruhodouRyuunosukeNoBouken a historical spinoff]], a [[VideoGame/ProfessorLaytonVsAceAttorney crossover]] with ''Franchise/ProfessorLayton'', appearances in two MassiveMultiplayerCrossover [[VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom3 video]] [[VideoGame/ProjectXZone games]], [[Film/PhoenixWrightAceAttorney a film]], [[Anime/AceAttorney an anime]], three musicals, two stage plays, two manga series, a doujinshi series, and a pachinko machine)
* ''VideoGame/{{Bomberman}}'' (20+ games and still running since the mid-1980s)
* ''BreathOfFire'' (five main games in the series: the first three of which are officially in the same universe, the fifth in an AlternateUniverse, and the fourth being a position best described as ''controversial''; two manga adaptations and a manga [=spinoff=] of ''I'' which were officially directed by Capcom; {{Novelization}} of ''III'' and ''IV''; a manga adaptation of ''IV'' which was officially directed by Capcom; ''numerous'' licensed 4-koma and anthology comics of ''IV'' (and one licensed 4-koma of ''III''); four separate GaidenGame treatments of ''IV'' for Japanese smartphones; artbooks (including separate artbooks for each series and a compilation artbook) containing a great deal of AllThereInTheManual material ''never mentioned in the games''; AND there's the additional complication of remakes of ''I'' and ''II'' to shortly be licensed to Creator/SquareEnix)
* ''VideoGame/BubbleBobble'' (two to three "officially" in [[NonLinearSequel its original series which branched off]], although there are three second-installments and two third-installments, not counting subsequent games, one [=spinoff=] and its own four-installment arcade series, sub-series, and subsequent games.)
* ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' (15+ games since 1987)
* ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquer'' (10+ games, including [=spinoff=]s, plus a few novelizations)
* ''Franchise/DeadSpace'' (Three main games, three spin-off games, two animated movies, two books, and three comics)
* ''VideoGame/DragonQuest'' (9 in the main series plus a {{Mon}} [=spinoff=] series and a few others, plus {{anime}} series)
* ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors''
* ''VideoGame/{{Fable}}'' (Five games and four spin-off books)
* ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' (13 in the main series plus a few [=spinoff=]s (and two true sequels), plus two movies and two TV series)
* ''Videogame/FireEmblem'' (14 games across different Nintendo platforms, plus several manga adaptations, an {{OVA}} adaptation, a card game, and a spinoff crossover with ''Shin Megami Tensei'')
* ''VideoGame/TheKingOfFighters'' (which itself started as a MassiveMultiplayerCrossover for SNK's other fighting games before becoming its own game series, plus a series of animated shorts. Currently on its twelfth game, as well as two in the ''Maximum Impact'' AlternateContinuity)
* ''Videogame/TheLegendOfZelda'' (15+ games, featuring at ''least'' ten Links and eleven Zeldas, and that's not going into spinoffs and [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaCDiGames noncanonical games]])
* ''Franchise/MegaMan'' (10 in [[VideoGame/MegaManClassic the main series]], 9 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManX'' series, 7 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManBattleNetwork'' series (counting different editions as part of the same game), 5 in the GameBoy series, 4 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManZero'' series, 2 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManZX'' series, 3 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManStarforce'' series, 3 in the ''VideoGame/MegaManLegends'' series, an [[WesternAnimation/MegaMan American TV series]], and three {{anime}} series, plus comic book series)
* ''Franchise/{{Metroid}}'' (9+ games, including a VideoGameRemake)
* ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' (9 in the main series [counting the [[Franchise/TheDCU DC Universe]][[VideoGame/MortalKombatVsDCUniverse crossover]]], 3 [=spinoff=] adventure games, two movies and a third in the works, two TV series, a web series, several comic books and a CollectibleCardGame)
* ''VideoGame/{{Myst}}'' (6+ games, depending on how you count, and 3 novels)
* ''VideoGame/PacMan'' (A game for each member of the family, plus Supers, Manias, Lands, and Worlds galore. And, of course, a breakfast cereal and a Saturday morning cartoon. This, of course, is before you count the several re-releases of the classic stuff...)
* ''PhantasyStar'' (Phantasy Star I-IV, four episodes of Phantasy Star Online, Phantasy Star Universe and its expansion pack, the Nintendo DS Phantasy Star Zero and Phantasy Star Online 2)
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' (Seven generations of games, plus spinoffs for each in genres like [[PuzzleGame puzzles]] and [[RaisingSim pet sims]]. Then there are [[Manga/{{Pokemon}} several manga]], the [[TheAnimeOfTheGame anime]] (which, as previously listed, is almost a franchise in itself), and the [[CollectibleCardGame Trading Card Game]]. Probably the most successful translation of a video game to other media, which has led to AdaptationDisplacement among some people.)
* ''Franchise/ResidentEvil'' (At least nine games, plus four movies)
* ''VideoGame/SakuraWars'' (many video games, a 25-episode anime series, a movie, several [=OVAs=] and light novels, a manga, and multiple stage shows)
* ''ShinMegamiTensei'' (40+ games; four in the main series (eight if you count the unnumbered installments), four ''Devil Summoner'' games, five/[[OneGameForThePriceOfTwo six]] separate ''Persona'' games (counting ''VideoGame/Persona4Arena''), and a truckload's worth of other spin-offs, not to mention the various anime/manga/novels/Drama-[=CDs=]/etc.)
* ElectronicArts[=/=]Maxis' ''Sim'' franchise (five official ''VideoGame/SimCity'' games, three ''TheSims'' games, and many, ''[[CashCowFranchise many]]'' [=spinoff=]s from the former (including ''TheSims'' itself) and expansion packs for the latter)
* ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'' (the number of games that feature characters from the series was well over a hundred around 2001. Three American cartoon series, the ''Sonic X'' anime, an OVA in TheNineties, at least two official long-running comic books [[[ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog one of them]] ongoing])
* ''Franchise/StreetFighter'' (4 "officially" in the main series, though ''VideoGame/StreetFighterII'' has [[CapcomSequelStagnation many variations]], plus numerous spinoffs and [[VideoGame/CapcomVsWhatever crossovers]], plus movies, TV series and {{manga}}.)
* ''VideoGame/{{Suikoden}}'' (5 games in the main series, plus 3 [=spinoff=]s)
* Perhaps the king of them all, ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' (19 in the main series, counting the first ''VideoGame/YoshisIsland'' and the first ''VideoGame/WarioLand'', plus many, many [=spinoff=]s, a movie, several television series, a comic book series and a breakfast cereal.)
* ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars''
* The ''VideoGame/TalesSeries''
* ''VisualNovel/ToHeart'' and ''VisualNovel/ToHeart2'' (3 {{visual novel}}s, a ''To Heart 2'' {{Dungeon Crawl|ing}}er RPG spin-off that's itself being spun-off into its own non-''To Heart'' series, 3 TV series, a ''To Heart'' manga and [[CashCowFranchise god knows how many]] ''To Heart 2'' {{OVA}}s are there)
* ''Franchise/TombRaider'' (8 games, 1 remake and 2 films, one of them [[VideoGameMoviesSuck financially]] successful)
* The ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}} Project'' (15 official games, seven [=spinoff=]s (counting ExpansionPack ''Hisoutensoku''), numerous side manga and stories on top of artbooks and UniverseCompendium's. And almost all of it done by a single man. Plus two characters who were added in by way of the creator's ''musical CD works''.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Ultima}}'' series, with nine core games, two first-person side story games and an MMORPG, as well as several novels and comics and other stuff.
* ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}}'' (three generations of real time strategy games, plus expansions, then ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', an MMO, plus its expansions, [[Film/WarCraft2016 a film]] and numerous [[Franchise/WarcraftExpandedUniverse spin off materials]] of varying quality and canonicalness).
* ''Franchise/WhenTheyCry'' (four main games under two separate titles [''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'', ''Higurashi Kai'', ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry'', ''Umineko Chiru''], two fandiscs, two spin-off fighting games and several console ports, as well as animated and manga adaptations for both series)
* ''Franchise/WingCommander'' (twelve games including the Privateer [=spinoff=]s [but not [[ExpansionPack add-ons]]], eleven [[Literature/WingCommander novels]] including {{novelization}}s of other works, [[WesternAnimation/WingCommanderAcademy cartoon]], and [[Film/WingCommander movie]])

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!!Examples of literature franchises:
* Most of Frank Herbert's books and short stories (especially his non-''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' works) share many common historical aspects, despite being set across vast expanses of spacetime.
* Larry Niven's KnownSpace, which includes the {{Ringworld}} series of novels, the Man-Kzin Wars series, and even a WesternAnimation/StarTrekTheAnimatedSeries episode (which is why TAS isn't in continuity with the live-action Star Trek series.)

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!!Examples from WesternAnimation:
* ''[[Franchise/AvatarTheLastAirbender Avatar]]'' -- two animated series set in the same universe.
* ''[[Franchise/{{DCAU}} DC Animated Universe]]'' (DCAU for short) -- a group of animated series based on DC comics characters, all in the same continuity.

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!!Examples of cross-media franchises:
* ''Franchise/DotHack'' is just plain ridiculous about this:
** The first wave, Project .hack, originally consisted of the ''Anime/DotHackSign'' anime, [[VideoGame/DotHackR1Games the Infection, Mutation, Outbreak and Quarantine]] [[OneGameForThePriceOfTwo games]] (which were each bundled with an episode of the OVA series ''Anime/DotHackLiminality''), and the ''Manga/DotHackLegendOfTheTwilight'' manga. Other canon included the ''LightNovel/DotHackAIBuster'' light novels. Then there were ''two'' manga adaptations of the games, XXXX and Another Birth (from [=BlackRose=]'s point of view), neither of which are canon.
** The second wave consisted mainly of the second anime, [=.hack//Roots=], and the ''VideoGame/DotHackGU'' (Rebirth, Reminisce and Redemption). There was also a CGI movie adaptation, a manga adaptaion and a light novel adaptation of the games, all of which were done differently.
** The third, and probably final, wave consists of the anime Anime/DotHackQuantum and [=.hack//LINK=], which could refer to a manga or a PSP game that (as far as I can tell) follow the same story. There's also a movie in the works.
* ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'': Five seasons on radio and one on television, five books (six if you count ''Literature/AndAnotherThing''), two short stories, a computer game, three theatrical performances (including one musical), two singles, a feature film, three comic books, two records, and two bath towels -- all in their own continuities mutated off the first two radio series and last three books -- the result is that, for all that mess, it covers somewhere around six installments of one story.
* ''Franchise/LupinIII'' was much more successful than initially expected, to the point that some of the titles have been retroactively renamed to differentiate between them. It began as a Manga, [[AdaptationDisplacement but is much better known as an anime, even in Japan]]. The Lupin-verse is held in place through a combination of BroadStrokes, NegativeContinuity, and MythologyGag.
* ''Franchise/MyFriendIrma'' was once a very famous American franchise centered around a DumbBlonde character named Irma Peterson (played by Marie Wilson.) Aside from the original radio series (which ran 1947 to 1953) it was also a television series (1952 to 1954), two feature films (''My Friend Irma'' in 1949 and ''My Friend Irma Goes West'' in 1950) and a comic strip published by Marvel Comics writted and drawn by Stan Lee and Dan [=DeCarlo=] (1950 to 1955).
* ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'' (The main [[http://tfwiki.net/wiki/Continuity_family continuity family]] includes three [[Franchise/TransformersGeneration1 American]] [[WesternAnimation/BeastWars cartoons]] and five {{anime}} series, each of which has ''at least'' one accompanying comic ''and'' a {{manga}}. There's also another several mangas and a couple of other comics which without corresponding cartoons. Breaking off into {{alternate universe}}s there's the Japanese-made ''[[Anime/TransformersRobotsInDisguise Robots in Disguise]]'', consisting of a cartoon and manga, and [[Anime/TransformersArmada the]] [[Anime/TransformersEnergon Unicron]] [[Anime/TransformersCybertron Trilogy]], which comprises three anime series, each of which has a corresponding comic. More recently, there's been an American [[Film/{{Transformers}} live-action movie series]], [[WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated three]] [[WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime new]] [[WesternAnimation/TransformersRescueBots cartoons]] and [[VideoGame/TransformersWarForCybertron a video game series]], and guess what? Each of those have a comic as well. Oh, and if we tried to list all the tie-in books, toys, clothing, etc? We'd break the internet. And we still can't get enough.)

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