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Shout-Out
By the way, the power that brought them to life is called Bohemian Rhapsody.

A Shout-Out is something subtle (a name, line of dialogue, or prop) in a show that refers to fans or family members of the cast or crew, or to another source of inspiration. By nature, these can be obscure for casual fans.

You can even talk about them in English class if only you call them "allusions". However, remember that many tropes, symbols, and such are older than they look and can, often, arise in parallel. So despite (or because of) the ubiquitous nature of some creative properties, that doesn't mean that anything that seems somewhat similar is referencing said work.

Reference Overdosed is when a series is loaded with these. Referenced By is for the work that the Shout-Out is aimed at.

Giving references to other works can predate to older times but became increasingly common in medieval times. In modern times, almost every larger film, Video Game and so on intentionally references some other work, making the phenomenon nearly omnipresent.

Tropes Are Tools applies to shout-outs. A good shout-out should still fit within the context of the story or it may end up a Big Lipped Alligator Moment to people not familiar with what's being shouted about. It also has to be subtle enough that viewers either only notice the double meaning after a trip to the fridge or have a short chuckle if they notice it immediately, a blatant Shout-Out will break the Suspension of Disbelief and kick viewers out of the story. (Especially if it's Breaking the Fourth Wall. Shout-outs that the characters would recognize get a little more leeway.)

Remember that a Shout Out must be deliberate on the part of the authors; simply resembling something from another work is not sufficient, and the very existence of tropes and popular culture means that it's natural for resemblances to appear without any intent on the part of the authors. Just because two characters use similar unusual weapons or wear similarly-shaped sunglasses doesn't mean one is a reference to the other; just because two plots are similar doesn't mean there's actually any connection between them. Small Reference Pools can also lead people to see shout-outs where none exist because their own favorite things loom large in their mind. A true shout-out is intended to be noticed, so if there's any doubt, it's probably just a coincidence.

See also Homage, Stock Shout-Outs, Opening Shout-Out, Shout-Out Theme Naming and The Joy of X. Literary Allusion Title is a subtrope. Easily confused with a Mythology Gag and Continuity Nod, and may overlap with Actor Allusion. Contrast Take That, which is a negatively-spirited Shout-Out. Biblical Shout-Outs should go on As the Good Book Says.

See Stock Shout-Outs for a list of Shout-Outs and other references common enough to earn their own page. Remember, a Shout-Out is intentional. If a character just happened to use a similar turn of phrase to another work, that's just a coincidence.

Examples


Running GaggedIn-Joke    
Schrödinger's GunCreator SpeakOpening Shout-Out
Seven Deadly SinsPt/Índice de TraduçãoSliding Scale of Idealism Versus Cynicism
SamplingAbridged Series TropesSound Effect Bleep
Added Alliterative AppealLit. Class TropesAllegory
The Powerpuff GirlsShoutOut/Post MU Life ScreamPlanes
Big BadOverdosed TropesLampshade Hanging
Serious BusinessJustForFun/Tropes of LegendSliding Scale of Idealism Versus Cynicism
Riddle Me ThisCryptic ConversationSpy Speak
Serkis FolkThe Renaissance Age of AnimationSpin-Off Babies
Shoot the MessengerWe Are Not Alone IndexThe Show Must Go On
Sink or Swim MentorImageSource/Anime & MangaSpikes of Doom
Short-Lived Big ImpactShout-Outs IndexShout-Out Theme Naming

alternative title(s): Allusion; Shout-Out
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