"Is it just me or am I making a lot of references in this episode?
Any work where the Homages
are too numerous to count. Basically, if there are enough references to make a ShoutOut/ sub-page, the work is overdosed.
Often these are fan works or comedies (goes triple if the series is a Long Runner
), since it would be distracting to have so many of these in more serious works, save for comic relief moments.
But even in the appropriate works, how well this is done depends on most of the references being done well. If a work overestimates the audience's knowledge this might overlap to Viewers Are Geniuses
. This sometimes works: those who are familiar with the references will enjoy it. The references can even turn into multiple Genius Bonuses
And those who are unfamiliar with it might be encouraged to look up more information about the reference in order to understand it. That way they feel challenged and rewarded for their effort and grow along with the creator. But in instances where too much stuff just flies over the audience's heads the general public could feel alienated and lose interest.
If a work mostly consists of stuff referencing other stuff the dangerous border to blatant Plagiarism
and/or sheer uninspiredness might be crossed. The audience might even feel as if it's just watching/listening/reading a scene by scene rehash of other, more original works.
A Super Trope
to Speaks in Shout-Outs
Compare Trope Overdosed
, Fountain of Memes
, Continuity Cavalcade
open/close all folders
Anime & Manga
- Pani Poni Dash! literally has well over 500 over the course of a 26 episode series and 1 OVA.
- Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei, aside from its reference to several other shows, has countless split-second shout-outs written on the classroom's blackboards which change every other second.
- Lucky Star
- Excel Saga
- Mahou Sensei Negima!
- Digimon Xros Wars, to the point it needs a separate page for its examples.
- The first season of the Hayate the Combat Butler anime. The manga too, but not as much. The second season still has tons of references, albeit a bit more subtle about it.
- The World God Only Knows makes references to as many characters, mangas, movies, and videogames as it can. Especially videogames.
- Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha to several series under the Humongous Mecha genre such as Super Robot Wars, Gundam, and GaoGaiGar, as well as a few others outside of that genre such as Ace Combat and Kamen Rider.
- Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann
- Princess Resurrection
- Keroro Gunsou
- While it's always been a tradition for some Humongous Mecha designs in Gundam shows to riff on ones from previous series, Gundam SEED Destiny cranks it to the max. The best example is probably the colossal Destroy Gundam, a Psyco Gundam knockoff that turns into a Big Zam.
- Not to be outdone, Mobile Suit Gundam AGE is also this, with multitudes of ShoutOuts to previous animated series inside, and sometimes outside, of the franchise.
- AGE even gets a bit Meta with its references, as mobile suits will often have specs borrowed directly from their closest Universal Century counterpart. For example, the Gundam AGE-1 has the same height and weight figures as the original Gundam, the AGE-2 is comparable to the Zeta Gundam, etc.
- Mobile Suit Gundam Unicorn episode 4 had an enormous variety of older mobile suits fighting alongside modern designs. Lampshaded by a Londo Bell soldier, who calls the battlefield a "walking war museum".
- Gintama makes references constantly, and has devoted entire chapters and even story arcs to them at times.
- Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt combines this with Cultural Cross-Reference.
- Kirby: Right Back at Ya!
- And, while the main culprits are already listed, practically every other Shaft show counts too.
- Haiyore! Nyarko-san has, besides its Cthulhu Mythology Gags, lots and lots and lots of references; the most-used gags relate to Kamen Rider, Gundam and JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, but they also shout out to Ichigo Mashimaro, Neon Genesis Evangelion, Monster Hunter, Men In Black, Back to the Future, Macross, obscure JRPGs, Japanese ads...let's just say that turning this show into a Drinking Game would be very ill-advised. This even works internally, with the alien characters being devotees of Earth's popular culture and referencing their favorite shows and games in everyday conversation, such as Nyarko performing Kamen Rider poses apropos of nothing.
- There are so many that a blog was created for the sole purpose of listing them all!
- The anime for Asobi ni Iku yo!, known as Cat Planet Cuties in the US.
- Seitokai no Ichizon
- Anything with a name in Eureka Seven is a reference to something, usually music-related (with American cinema being the next most frequent source). This includes episode titles, which, except for one, are all song titles...
- ...which is nothing compared to Bleach: While the actual series keeps musical references to a minimum, every chapter title since the series began is either the title of a song, the name of a band, or a line of lyrics, usually slightly modified. Bear in mind that as a Long Runner, Bleach is well over 500 chapters long, meaning it has at least that many musical references.
- Princess Tutu makes Whole Episode References to tons of ballets, plus some other operas, fairy tales, and classical music. Genius Bonus abounds.
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure is absolutely packed with references to music that's popular in the west, mainly in the names of characters and Stands (the latter since the Diamond is Unbreakable arc)). Some of the most referenced sources in the comic include The Beatles, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, AC/DC, Queen, and Prince, just to name a few. That's not even getting into the other bits of western popular culture and all the homages to Italy that are littered throughout the work (especially in the Vento Aureo arc).
- Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo has so many Japanese pop-cultural references that trying to find and explain every single one will make your head spin. A large portion of the instantly recognizable ones are references and spoofs of either Kinnikuman or Dragon Ball.
- Space Dandy has its own Shout-Out page, with each episode having its own list. Most of the references caught are for other anime series set in space, though there is the odd reference to American pop culture too.
- Kill la Kill
- Green vs. Red was made to celebrate Lupin III's 40th anniversary, and it shows: there are countless references to other films, episodes and everything related to the character, including the original manga and even a nod to Taito who made the very first Lupin video game in 1980.
- This can actually be quite a problem in fanworks, especially since (a) the authors are generally pretty geeky by default, (b) there's often an unusually large amount of interaction between writer and audience, and (c) they're derived from pre-established settings anyway. Eventually, the sheer quantity of Shout Outs to other shows can reach critical mass, causing a hitherto coherent story to collapse into a formless heap of references.
- In keeping with its source material, Decks Fall Everyone Dies has a lot of references.
- Neon Genesis Evangelion fan fiction tends to include many references.
- Garfield in: "Along Came a Splut", despite its short length, is loaded with crossovers and pop culture references, enough to get its own page for them!
- The Dys FU Nctional Pirates
- Those Lacking Spines has references ranging from Harry Potter to the llama song to Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends to Celine Dion to Katamari Damacy.
- You should just see how Luna Lovegood is treated in Harry Potter fanfiction. If she's not running her mouth off or a Seer she's referencing pop culture that won't be relevant for around a decade or so.
- A conservative estimate of Battle Royale fanfiction Seventy Two Hours' reference count would be 500. This is not an exaggeration, considering that each of the eponymous hours has its own chapter, and it's roughly equivalent to a 1300 page book in length. It is, however, testament to the obsession with shoutouts held by the author.
- Listing the references in Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality has taken up quite a bit of space on its page. By the same author, The Finale of the Ultimate Meta Mega Crossover manages to reference practically everything in the TV Tropes Wiki.
- Harry Potter and the Society of Orpheus and Bacchus is rife with references to (Muggle, obviously) culture. It contributes to the story's lighthearted, campy feel (Draco Malfoy reading Ernest Hemingway? Who would ever guess, due to him seeing muggles as always inferior?)
- A dark humor Harry Potter fanfiction by Virginia Riddle-Malfoy on fanfiction.net Ginevra In Darkness uses a lot of characters from other series - particularly the renamed Integra from Hellsing and has cameos of other characters such as Sherlock Holmes and John Watson from the BBC Sherlock, Sarah Williams from Labyrinth, Adam Young from Good Omens, Darian Shields from Sailor Moon, Daria. Also uses quotes from Buffy, Batman, and Theatre.A Very Potter Musical. She manages to keep to the plot, but seems to amuse herself by seeing how much she can slip past the readers without getting caught. 
- Another fanfiction by the same author Harry Potter and the Turn of the Tides uses the Halloween hijinx trope and crosses over for a single chapter Harry Potter, Sailor Moon, Megas XLR, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Star Wars, Indiana Jones, James Bond, Ranma, The Lord of the Rings, and Monty Python and the Holy Grail. The fic unfortunately was done by the author in high school, and she rightly abandoned it as the tropes written about became far too overdone and dull. Still worth a plug for excellent characterization. 
- Kyon Big Damn Hero, being advertised as a Haruhi Suzumiya/TV Tropes crossover (whatever that means), has a lot of references to other works and tropes, with many not being Lampshade Hanging.
- Sonic World Adventure Rush is considered by some to be a bit too overdosed in its fan service. And it's still going!
- It's a Small World After All, a Hetalia fanfic, has tons of references, ranging from Yu-Gi-Oh! The Abridged Series to 300.
- The Dangerverse, a series of very AU Harry Potter fics, has arguably reached this point.
- One of the common criticisms of Double Rainboom is that it eschewed it's initial Original Flavor premise in favor of lots of fandom and animation Shout Outs.
- Here's a fun Drinking Game: Take a shot every time you spot an allusion or reference in My Little Mission: Sneaking is Magic to something from the Metal Gear Solid series. You'll be hammered by the fifth chapter. The author manages to pack dozens upon dozens of references to the series into the fic, often going out of their way to do so.
- Sonic Generations: Friendship is Timeless includes plenty of Shout Outs to mostly the Sonic the Hedgehog cartoons and comic books, but also to the My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic comic books and fan works (including the infamous Cupcakes). Take a look at this page and see for yourself.
- The Conversion Bureau: The Other Side of the Spectrum has reached this territory, partly due to its side-stories. Just take a look at the shoutout page...4
- The perfect example of this is a picture known as "The Picture Of Everything" created by Howard Hallis.
Films — Animated
- Monsters vs. Aliens
- Shrek, not counting the Fairy Tales which are actually part of that universe. Compared to the first movie it's mostly the sequels that pour over with all kinds of pop culture references.
- Chicken Little is overstuffed with references, including a few seconds of The Lion King in the opening segment alone.
- Aladdin, the film with Robin Williams as Genie makes this especially the case. Many of his scenes and lines were done on the fly, and when he's in full flow it becomes a 'how many references can you spot' game. In the space of just over a minute, for example, he becomes a Scotsman, a dog, a Germanic bodybuilder, a cube, a ventriloquist (and his dummy), several clones of himself, Ed Sullivan, a cash register, three Mexican dwarves, and Groucho Marx.
Films — Live-Action
- Seltzer and Friedberg do this a lot in their films. The "_____ Movie" parody series in particular (Epic Movie, Date Movie, Scary Movie...), are almost nothing but pop culture references and shout outs. They do at least manage to integrate the references into the movie's action, however, if only for a cheap slapstick gag.
- Any Quentin Tarantino film. Cracked calls him less of a director and more of a movie DJ, treating shots, characters, and plots like music samples. Pulp Fiction, his first truly mainstream film, is often considered to have been the launching point for the Gen-X "sampling" trend in popular culture that continues to this day, although earlier precedents existed.
- Many Kevin Smith films.
- To celebrate the franchise's 40th anniversary, Die Another Day referenced every single James Bond film before it. Skyfall would do the same thing for the franchise's 50th anniversary.
- Both Scream (1996) and Behind the Mask: The Rise of Leslie Vernon are Deconstructions of the slasher sub-genre of horror that make numerous references to other horror movies.
- Scott Pilgrim vs. The World, much like the comic upon which it's based, revels thoroughly in this trope.
- Most films directed by Joe Dante, including Gremlins, Looney Tunes: Back in Action, The Howling, and Piranha.
- Rise of the Planet of the Apes was this way, due to a desire for Shout Outs to the original film.
- Woody Allen: His films have many references that only intellectuals will recognize like shout-outs to philosophy, art, literature and arthouse films.
- The Divine Comedy: Dante's visit to Hell, Purgatory and Heaven is peppered with countless references to historical, cultural, religious, political and scientific people from both his time and earlier centuries.
- A Series of Unfortunate Events: If you made a list of every time Snicket makes a Shout-Out to literature and history in one of the later books (especially through Sunny's dialogue), it would be as long as the book itself.
- Among Others by Jo Walton is full of references to the science fiction and fantasy of the 1980s.
- Ready Player One has this as part of its plot, but mostly narrows it to 1980s video games and pop culture in an effort to solve the puzzle left behind by a rich eccentric as part of his will.
- Finnegan's Wake features thousands of references to everything imaginable. It is probably the only work to turn this trope into True Art Is Incomprehensible.
- A Night in the Lonesome October abounds with references, being a wide-ranging gothic horror pastiche with references to other genres. It contains many Homages and Shout Outs beyond its crossover characters.
- The works of Philip Jose Farmer are sometimes Reference Overdosed, particularly those set in the Wold Newton universe. A single work may be a Homage to one writer while encoding allusions to the work of many, many others. For example, no name is innocent until all anagrams, obscure linguistic derivations and so forth have been exhausted.
- The Dresden Files, since everyone is Genre Savvy and the narrator is a Pop-Cultured Badass.
- The works of Robert Anton Wilson
- Most stories by Kim Newman (including those written under his Jack Yeovil pseudonym), especially the Anno Dracula series.
- The Ciaphas Cain books are absolutely loaded with references to both science fiction and turn-of-the-century juvenile adventures.
- The author of the Warhammer novels collectively known as "The Vampire Wars" acknowledges his books contain at least a hundred references to classic vampire stories like Dracula. One of his fans sent him a list of references in his novels, but the author didn't have the heart to say he'd missed about another fifty.
- The first page of Where's Waldo? The Wonder Book. It puts all the other examples to shame.
- Bret Easton Ellis likes to do this with his characters to highlight how shallow they are. Many pages in Glamorama are just long lists of Victor and his friends name dropping celebrities, and in American Psycho, Patrick has to describe in excruciating detail what everyone is wearing.
- T. S. Eliot's works, especially The Waste Land. The poem is full of references to popular songs, classical literature, operas and ancient religious scriptures, and quotes them in their native language.
- Zadie Smith's White Teeth contains tons of references to various minutiae from literature, history, science, and pop culture (both British and American). Some of them serve no purpose, such as a Long List of all of Millat Iqbal's favorite books, records and tapes, and movies on videocassette.
Live Action TV
- The Middleman, usually with a different theme each episode (one episode is full of Dune references, another Back to the Future references, another Ghostbusters references, and so on...)
- Spaced. There's even a bonus subtitle track on the DVD that notes all the references.
- Community. Abed is stated to be incapable of communicating through any other medium than movies.
- Psych CONSTANTLY references obscure 80s and 90s pop culture.
- You could argue that it's justified on this show, since so many cult figures from those decades show up as guest stars - but then that would just bring up the Celebrity Paradox.
- The high school reunion episode, "Murder ... Anyone ... Anyone ... Bueller?", has tons of references to 80s pop culture (including the title), which is quite puzzling, considering Shawn and Gus would have gone to high school in the 90s.
- This is lampshaded at one point; Shawn says he deliberately chooses to make an overabundance of references from that era, making it an Invoked Trope.
- "This Episode Sucks" references a bunch of vampire-themed works and featured Casting Gags: Kristy Swanson of the original Buffy the Vampire Slayer film and Corey Feldman from The Lost Boys appear.
- "Mr. Yin Presents ..." has many references to Alfred Hitchcock films, including the episode's title (for a complete list go here). It featured a Theme Serial Killer who modeled his murders after Hitchcock's films such as Psycho and Marnie, had a few Homage Shots, and even used some of the original props from the films. There's also a reference to Hitchcock's creator cameos, with a look-alike appearing in the background of one scene.
- NCIS: Tony is a movie buff, and McGee is a gamer, among other justifications for this.
- Gilmore Girls is famous for its abundance of references. Each DVD even has a little booklet explaining the more obscure ones.
- Monty Python's Flying Circus: many encyclopedic references to historical and cultural figures, exotic animals and places. Most of these jokes could make sense to intellectuals, but then there are also many references to British culture, especially politicians, TV hosts, soccer players, cricketers and programs that were famous during the late 1960s and early 1970s. They are usually completely incomprehensible and obscure to international audiences and even to the English, especially while Time Marches On.
- Mystery Science Theater 3000. Being a show built around providing audio commentary to Cult Classic genre movies, it couldn't help being stuffed full of references, but some them were so obscure only the members of the show's own cast understood them.
- Supernatural, particularly when it comes to music. every episode from the first 5 seasons is named after a classic rock song, while the newer episodes reference other.
- Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger is this towards the Super Sentai series.
- Doctor Who is fifty years old, so its accumulated a lot over that time. Some of the older episodes reference things like Beatles lyrics, while New-Who has referenced things like Star Trek, Ghostbusters, Harry Potter, Teletubbies, The Lion King and way, way more.
- Red Dwarf often makes reference to films such as Casablanca, Gone with the Wind, and Blade Runner. For instance, the episode Back To Earth is considered by most to only be enjoyable if you know the Blade Runner references, to most other fans it is a horrible episode.
- Leverage is so reference overdosed that its shout outs had to be moved to their own page.
- We don't even try to list the shout outs in Farscape. Crichton is a fountain of late-20th-centrury cultural references, which only makes him a Cloud Cuckoolander in the eyes of all the aliens around him.
- The Tau'ri (Earth-born humans) in the Stargate Verse have Genre Savvy as their Hat. They're well aware that their daily lives resemble science fiction and are all too happy to show it.
- Spitting Image: Where to start? Several references to 1980s and 1990s society in general, yet also to everything that was in the media in the week of broadcast. From news reports over TV commercials. If you wanted to understand every reference you really had to read, listen and watch to every report. And most of it references British culture in particular. This also explains why the show was so difficult to export to other countries. The stuff dated rapidly and a lot of it was incomprehensible to foreign viewers. When broadcasted on Dutch TV the translators even added some extra subtitles on top of the screen to give some explanations about certain politicians or TV stars that only the English would immediately recognize.
- The Wu-Tang Clan: cursory examination of the first two tracks on Enter the Wu-Tang/36 Chambers turns up, in addition to the samples and references to old Kung-fu movies for which they're famous, overt references to Steven Seagal and his film Out For Justice, Voltron, and The Warriors.
- Also, Ghostface Killah had a song from the 1996 album Iron Man (which was when he started using the alias Tony Stark) entitled "Daytona 500" (named mostly for its fast pace) which used clips from the original Speed Racer to make one of the first Anime Music Videos which is still considered a favorite by many.
- The song itself contained samples from Bob James' "Nautilus" and "Crab Apple" by Idris Muhammad while the chorus from "Turn The Beat Around" by Vicki Sue Robinson sped up and reworded for the hook. And even featured two samples from previous Wu singles, "Mystery of Chessboxin" and Raekwon's "Incarcerated Scarfaces" which also had an obvious Shout-Out in title as well as the lyrics.
- The mileage varies, but this opened the AMV flood gates, being one of the first AMV's showed on TV and predating YouTube and self-made AMV's.
- John Cena and Tha Trademarc do a lot of this on You Can't See Me; ironically, most of the references are not to Professional Wrestling. This was spoofed in their video for "Bad, Bad Man", which had as its plot a homicidal maniac kidnapping midgets dressed as Madonna, Michael Jackson, and certain other 1980s cult figures - not to mention that said homicidal maniac was played by Gary Coleman. And Cena, Trademarc, and Bumpy Knuckles dress up like (respectively) Hannibal Smith, Murdock, and Mr. T from The A-Team!
- Half Man Half Biscuit. Their website has a section dedicated to explaining some of the references.
- No More Kings. When describing them most places refer to them and funk/pop mixed with 80s references. Though there are more references, the 80s are just the most prominent.
- Destroyer. Dan Bejar's main band has its own wiki and drinking game.
- Frank Zappa: His music was deeply personal and references several aspects of the society of his time, including music, commercials, politics, TV and even inside jokes in his own band and anecdotes from his own life. Zappa once claimed that he doubted if his lyrics could make sense to anyone but himself.
- The entirety of Ultimate Showdown of Ultimate Destiny is Shout-Out after Shout-Out from beginning to end.
- Sage Francis, a rapper from Providence, RI, makes tons of references to "classic" hip hop songs. He'll often re-use classic lines, substituting a word here or there or reversing the word order as a kind of wordplay homage; he'll also re-use the cadence of certain iconic lines in a subtle nod.
- REM's music would frequently make references to ancient mythology in order to conceal the true meanings of the songs (namely Michael Stipe's bisexuality or political events). This had the side effect of making people think he spoke gibberish. To clarify, the first time he admitted to writing a song with straightforward lyrics was in 1992 when the band recorded "Everybody Hurts" - 12 years after they started.
- Dungeons The Dragoning, which mashes together the rules of several pen-and-paper systems, uses the setting of others, and gives shout-outs to everything else.
- Shadowrun is full of these, particularly where harlequin is involved. In one book in particular he refers to the Dead Kennedys and Cypress Hill and quotes a line from a Florence + the Machine song. All this in the year 2074, by the way.
- Warhammer and Warhammer 40000 are packed with shout-outs, and it's not just the historical or literary origins of practically every faction and variant army (especially Space Marines and Imperial Guard). The flavor quotes, maps and locations, character names, most of the fiction, and the universe backstories are plundered from all over, ranging from the Bible to minor quotes from travel writers.
- The Great Movie Ride at Disney's Hollywood Studios is loaded with references and homages to other movies, most of which weren't even made by Disney. Though it's justified in that it's a ride about the greatest moments in film history.
- The Marathon trilogy contains references to everything from mathematics and quantum physics to Shakespeare to ancient mythology to HP Lovecraft to Beavis and Butt-Head. So many, that research has been going at this fansite for nearly two decades decoding every bit of them in every possible place in the game, and even the code.
- NetHack is quite possibly the most reference overdosed game to ever be created. It boasts hundreds of literary quotes regarding topics as mundane as doorways and a wide reference pool that encompasses a large variety of topics: ancient mythology, fantasy, geek culture, mathematics, physics and other games.
- The Ace Attorney series is filled to the brim with Shout Outs, ranging from television to internet memes.
- Disgaea increases the number of Shout Outs with every game. As of the fourth installment, nearly every spell, special attack and item description is some sort of reference to anything from HP Lovecraft to Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann to Penny Arcade. Anime Tenchou is even a summon... No, not a Lawyer-Friendly Cameo of Anime Tenchou — the actual one.
- World of Warcraft originally used to have a handful of Shout Outs in the form of traditional Easter Eggs, but since Burning Crusade, every character, quest name, and area is a reference to something, probably blatantly.
- Dragon Quest Heroes Rocket Slime has loads of references to other Square Enix games.
- Dungeons Of Dredmor is so brimming with Shout Outs, from the item descriptions to the monster taunts to the achievement names, that it has its own Shout Out page.
- Borderlands and Borderlands 2 are both well-known for their large number of shout outs, especially when it comes to dialogue, quests, enemies and so on.
- The web-based MMORPG Kingdom of Loathing is simply brimming with references to other works, particularly They Might Be Giants songs and music in general. This is one of its main draws.
- Spore has more than a few.
- FalloutNewVegas has its fair share of references in the base game, however the Old World Blues DLC takes the cake. Even the plot if it is a gigantic cross reference between 50s B sci-fi B movies, The Wizzard of Oz, and cut content from previous versions of Fallout. Many of the names of people and places are also various references and it gets much more aggressive if you turn the wild wasteland perk on, to the point that the DLC on its own could almost have its own shout outs page.
- Touhou. Even the attack names can be references to Japanese mythology, and obscure ones at that. One game had a plot that referenced three separate Japanese myths...and UFOs. It also had references to older games in the series and Space Invaders.
- Absolutely everything by Artix Entertainment Games. AdventureQuest, Dragonfable, MechQuest... everything.
- No More Heroes and the sequel No More Heroes 2: Desperate Struggle.
- RuneScape, being a long-running MMORPG, has them everywhere from Whole Plot Reference to small texts when examining things.
- Meat Boy games. From chapter intros to level titles.
- Retro City Rampage features tons of Shout Outs to not just old-school games, but movies and TV shows as well. The introductory mission of story mode features references to Batman, Ducktales, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, The A-Team, and Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure in rapid succession.
- Tons in the Sam & Max: Freelance Police games, ranging from Super Mario Bros. to Planet of the Apes to The Beatles to the Cthulhu Mythos...
- 3D Dot Game Heroes
- Billy Vs SNAKEMAN Nearly every NPC is at least one Captain Ersatz, the pre-Cerebus Syndrome plot is mostly Whole Plot References strung together, and countless incidental references are found everywhere you look.
- LEGO Universe seems to love referencing internet memes.
- The entire Fallout series, especially Fallout 2 and New Reno.
- Scott Pilgrim vs The World: The Game is practically built on this trope.
- Epic Battle Fantasy is packed with tons of Shout Outs to anime, manga, and other games.
- Civilization: Look at 5's achievements and see how many Shout Outs you can find.
- The Simpsons: Hit & Run is loaded with references both to the show (beyond the usual stuff in a Licensed Game) and other works.
- The Umineko: When They Cry visual novels are packed to the brim with references- from mystery novels and scientific concepts, to Shout Outs to various anime and video games.
- The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword does this to the Logical Extreme: as a Prequel, everything is a direct reference to some other game in the series. You have to be a Zelda fan to fully appreciate the game.
- The Saints Row games have references and homages coming out of its ass. Assassin's Creed, Buffy, Call of Duty, Ducky, Evangelion, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Golgo 13, Happy Days, InuYasha, Jaws, Battlestar Galactica…
- Highborn is an iOS game that includes references to anything from The Wizard of Oz and Mountain Dew to James Brown and My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic. There are even missions with Whole Plot References to Star Wars and Portal.
- Epic Mickey has loads of Mythology Gags on the various Disney products. One area has old NES and SNES cartridges of Disney Licensed Games strewn about.
- Aqua Rhapsody, The developer notes that a lot of small things are "shoutouts" to video game, anime, etc. These are as obscure as the level transitions that fade out in a similar manner to Space Harrier.
- Asura's Wrath has tons of visual Shout-Out's to a lot of anime as well as other video games. See them here.
- Entirely too many Mount & Blade achievements are references to Monty Python and the Holy Grail.
- Part of the fun in Skullgirls is trying to find references within the game. Sources can range from ancient historical figures to 1960s television to modern-day memes. Peacock in particular makes up so many of the Shout Outs that she could be considered to qualify in her own right.
- At least half the new content in Rockman 4 Minus Infinity are Shout Outs.
- One of the appeals of Red Alert 3: Paradox other than, you know, combat and a 1969 world are the impossible amounts of Shout Outs.
- The Adventures Of Massmouth series is filled to the brim with references; entire lines are quoted verbatim, names of locations and characters in pop culture feature heavily, not to mention that all the enemies are basically ripped from other games and given different names.
- Every single thing in Eat Lead The Return Of Matt Hazard is a reference to another video game or video game tropes in general.
- Revenge of Shinobi has a lot of pop culture characters as bosses. In the re-release, some of them had to be censored or changed. Here's a dialogue in a YouTube comment section:
: So you're a ninja and so far you've fought Rambo clones, Terminator-Hulk, Spider-Man, Batman and Godzilla. Did Sega's CEO just write some fan-fiction and tell them to make it into a game? slowbeef
: Does the "Tropes vs. Ninjas" title make sense now?
- The Duke Nukem series went this way starting from Duke Nukem 3D.
- Despite the limited content, the browser game Cookie Clicker has a surprising number of references and Shout Outs to various works, including Back to the Future, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Batman, and The Legend of Zelda
- Abobo's Big Adventure has far too many references to list them all here. Being a Bloody Hilarious love letter to the 8-bit days, the bulk of them are Shout Outs to classic NES games, but there's also a couple references to SNES-era games, as well as movies and advertising slogans of the time.
- Indie game Evoland makes a lot of references, mostly owing to the fact it's both an homage and Affectionate Parody of the Action Adventure and RPG genres. In particular there are many references to Nintendo (most obvious being The Legend of Zelda), and the Final Fantasy series (most of which towards the seventh entry, due to it being the one most people are familiar with). There's a bit of a Broken Base on if the reference overdosing was such a good thing, though, as one half of the people who played the game find the spoofing and references charming, while others feel the spoofing is too shallow and/or too frequent and gets in the way.
- Spanish Action RPG Un Epic is an ode to geekery, with protagonist Daniel (who is One of Us) spouting dozens of references to sci-fi movies and serials, comic books, fantasy literature and so on. The game itself is the lovechild of pen-and-paper RPGs and the adventure games of the past such as Knightmare II: The Maze of Galious, and of course the shout-outs are abundant.
- Even the translators are at it: for example, the Italian version substitutes in one line a simple "Go, go, go!" with "Row Row Fight the Power!".
- Flight Rising is filled with Shout Outs to the point where about a third of the item descriptions are references to something or other—Sailor Moon, Super Mario Bros., Doctor Who, The Hitchhikers Guide To The Galaxy, Jurassic Park, Looney Tunes...
- Saturday Morning RPG, as the title implies, is a love letter to Saturday morning cartoons, but there are countless references and nods to films, serials, video games, toys, comics, foods and novelty items from the 80s (and a few to the 90s and the present day). The developers are kids of the 80s and 90s and basically put in the game whatever element of pop culture they could remember from their youth.
- Cat and Girl - and many of the references are to philosophical notions unknown to the average reader, in a particular appeal to the Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness crowd.
- Exterminatus Now has plenty of Shout Outs ranging from Top Gear to Monty Python and the Holy Grail, and plenty of Product Placement to boot.
- Freefall: For the most part the numerous references to a wide range of concepts are worked into the storyline of this webcomic longrunner well enough that they're not jarring, though occasional references to 20th/21st century pop culture phenomena roughly five centuries later (as per Word of God on the forums) can sometimes seem a little odd to some readers.
- Homestuck makes quite a few of these. Due to its nature, many of these references are inserted after the fact - for example, Bro's shades and Lord English were only established as references after the fandom noted that they were references.
- Also, it's quite easy to become a walking Reference Overdose just reading Homestuck. It's entirely possible to hold complete conversations consisting only of Homestuck and S Ba HJ memes.
- Nearly every single thing in Erfworld is some sort of a Shout-Out or horrible pun.
- Sarah Zero references everything from Metallica to Sarah Palin to Zero Punctuation.
- Second Empire has Shout Outs of everything from Doctor Who comics and Doctor Who TV series, to Star Wars, James Bond, Doom, and all sort of things.
- Manly Guys Doing Manly Things
- Our Little Adventure.
- Square Root of Minus Garfield references over 200 different works so far in its (currently) 1,574-strip run.
- Narbonic. The Director's Cut makes this a lot more clear, so that the obscure references to Shakespeare and modern comics are revealed.
- The last comic of the Dragon run of The Order of the Stick.
- MegaTokyo: The Author Avatar main characters are an anime geek and a nutty video-gaming addict, respectively, so this shouldn't be surprising. Some references are subtle, but many are more blatant things like several pages of Largo and Erika playing "Dead Or Alive Ultimate Fear", or Piro wearing a huge Kyubey mask.
- Rip Haywire
- Any Abridged Series. Especially the one that started them all.
Rose: I don't understand, how did you defeat him using karaoke?
Ed: The guy had a rational hatred for references; a vocal cover was too much for his elitist brain to handle.
- That Guy with the Glasses.
- The Nostalgia Critic also enjoys doing this, sometimes making his shout-outs part of the entire plot of his episode, like his review of "The Shining mini-series", which he filled with shot-by-shot parodies of Kubrick's film version. He also uses actual clips and soundbites from movies and TV series to underline his jokes and ads the references in the end titles of each episode. Whether his references are actually clever or just lazy and redundant Wait For The Meme moments differs from episode to episode.
- Suburban Knights
- The Cinema Snob references tons of obscure exploitation movies, B-grade actors, cult directors, and occasionally more mainstream stuff such as Death Note in every episode. Host Brad Jones mostly does this verbally, by making a quick joke about it, but sometimes he shows a small movie clip or still picture to give the audience a bit more explanation what he is actually talking about. Together with The Nostalgia Critic he may be the most reference overdosed reviewer on That Guy with the Glasses, though with one huge difference. While Doug mostly references mainstream stuff that a general audience may be familiar with Brad's references tend to be so underground that he even throws in little winks to his other video series and friends who appear in these. Usually you can only understand those by checking out all the other stuff he posts on his site!
- Radiodrome: Countless references to exploitation movies and other films, even mentioning old TV series in the process.
- Skippys List
- This phenomenon was a constant in the Global Guardians PBEM Universe, and given that the players involved included ordained ministers, a professor of quantum physics, a member of the British House of Commons, several professional writers, a television producer, a movie special effects expert, a chef, three lawyers, active duty soldiers, artists, actors, attorneys, doctors, nurses, police officers, fire fighters, a librarian, a stock broker, computer programmers of various types, a Roman Catholic priest, a biochemist, the mayor of a small Florida, and a professional dominatrix, amongst others, all of whom were highly educated and all of whom were widely read, this was to be expected. Some stories were so thick with various references (from pop-culture to legal to scientific to political) that the story itself was lost in the mix.
- Things Mr. Welch Is No Longer Allowed to Do in an RPG
- The Whateley Universe, especially the story "Tales of the MCO", where the kids watch a television show and give it the Mystery Science Theater 3000 treatment.
- Everything about it, since it's a superhero universe which has Marvel and DC as superhero comic publishers within it. People constantly refer to this, talking about a girl who leaps in front of teammates to protect them as having 'superman syndrome' or arguing about what is needed for Marvel to make an Iron Man movie or even talking about why 'real' supers can't swipe copyrighted/trademarked superhero names.
- The Phase novels are chock full of literary references, which even touch the chapter titles and Phase's obscure jokes that no one else gets. Generator is more likely to make references to anime and cartoons.
- YouTube Poop is chock full of random references to pop culture.
- A Very Potter Musical. Of course there's references to the books, but between that you've got things like Zac Efron. Furthermore, entire parts of the dialog are just homages to Avatar: The Last Airbender.
- SF Debris
- Survival of the Fittest: Due to being a collaborative work between the board's members, it qualifies. While there have been Shout Outs to previous versions and the original canon, a few others are to... less expected works, such as a character suddenly talking like Kefka, and a few characters being an Expy of characters from other works. Honestly, if one were to list every single reference in SOTF, it would take a while. It has been a minor issue on the board, however, in how many Shout Outs are okay.
- Homestar Runner, mainly to '80s and '90s pop culture.
- They Made Me Watch This not only has a lot of references, once scene in the review of Barbie and the Three Musketeers turned into a reference cluster bomb.
- Family Guy, although it has gotten out of hand for a lot of fans, and nowadays the show frequently includes references that are nothing but padding, without a joke to justify their inclusion. It's gotten to the point where you could type practically any pop-cultural phenomenon into the YouTube search engine and find a Family Guy clip spoofing it. Especially if it's from the 1980s!
- American Dad! tends to throw them in through dialogue or character actions.
- The Cleveland Show. Sensing a pattern yet?
- The Simpsons: Hundreds of references to politics, films, TV shows, musicians, art, literature, comics, animated cartoons, philosophy, video games, economy, math, geography, history, biology, religion, society in general, commercials, ... A lot of them you can only catch by freeze-framing the background.
- Futurama: Hundreds of pop culture references, just like The Simpsons. However, there's a lot more emphasis on references to science fiction, astronomy, math, physics, quantum physics, space, computer programming, ...
- Many Looney Tunes and Tex Avery cartoons, but as Time Marches On fewer and fewer people get the references. This is especially caused by references to film actors, radio shows, songs, and commercials that were very popular in the United States during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, but are nowadays completely obscure for modern audiences, left alone audiences outside the U.S.A. There currently exists an entire page dedicated to all the references the series has made over time. Examples are:
- "Turn off that light!" (reference to air raid wardens during World War II)
- "Was this/that trip really necessary?" (reference to a slogan used to encourage people not to take unnecessary trips to free up gas and rubber for the war effort and to free up space on trains to ferry troops to their duty locations. )
- "It's a possibility!" (reference to Artie Auerbach's catchphrase as Mr. Kitzle during Al Pearce's radio shows)
- "Nobody home, I hope, I hope, I hope" - Al Pearce
- "That ain't the way I heard it!" (reference to The Old Timer character from the radio series Fibber McGee and Molly)
- "'T ain't funny, McGee!" (reference to the character Molly, addressing McGee in Fibber McGee and Molly)
- "I love that man!" - (reference to the character Beulah (Marlin Hurt) on Fibber McGee and Molly.)
- "Operator, give me number 32O.. ooh, is that you, Myrt? How's every little thing, Myrt? What say, Myrt?" - (reference to the character Fibber, whenever he made a phone call to a certain Myrt in Fibber McGee and Molly. )
- "Well now, I wouldn't say THAT!" - (reference to the character Peavey (Richard Le Grand) in the radioshow The Great Gildersleeve)
- "Don't you believe it!" (reference to a 1947 similarly titled radio show in which popular legends, myths or old wives' tales were debunked with this quote.)
- "Aha! Something new has been added!" and "So round, so firm, so fully-packed. So free and easy on the draw." (reference to Lucky Strike cigarettes)
- "B.OOOOOOOOOOOOOO!" (reference to a commercial for Lifebuoy soap against B.O. (body odor))
- "Ain't I a stinker?" (Lou Costello from Abbott and Costello)
- "I'm only three and a half years old!" - From a character named Martha (Billy Gray) on the Abbot & Costello radio show.
- "Ah, yes! (Insert statement here), isn't it?", "Yehudi?", "Don't work, do they?" and "Greetings, Gate! Lets osculate!" (Jerry Colonna, sidekick on Bob Hope 's radio show.)
- "I dood it!", "He don't know me very well, do he?" and "You bwoke my widdle arm!" (reference to Red Skelton's radio comedy character Junior, aka "Mean Widdle Kid")
- "Of course you realize this means war!" (Groucho Marx)
- "Ain't I a devil?" - Ralph Edwards in "Truth or Consequences".
- "Which way did he go, George? Which way did he go?" and "I'm going to hug him and pet him and hug him and pet him..." (reference to John Steinbeck's novel Of Mice and Men)
- Several dimwitted characters were based on Mortimer Snerd, who was created in 1938.
- "Henry! Heeeeeeeeeeen-RY!" "Coming, Mother!" (reference to The Aldritch Family, a radio sitcom)
- The NBC Chime
- "Monkeys is the cwaziest peoples." - A catch phrase from Lew Lehr. In parody the word "monkeys" was often replaced by other animals or people.
- "Ah say! I'm from the South, son!", "That's a joke, son!", "Pay attention now, boy!" - Kenny Delmar as Senator Claghorn in "The Fred Allen Show". The Looney Tunes character Foghorn Leghorn was entirely based on this radio personality.
- "See?" - A verbal tic actor Edward G. Robinson used. When characters in Looney Tunes use it, it's usually in a police or gangster context.
- "I'll moida da bum." - A reference to boxer Tony Galento.
- "I have a problem, Mr. Anthony!" - Reference to John J. Anthony, who presented the daily radio advice program "The Goodwill Hour".
- "Train leaving on Track 5 for Anaheim, Azusa and Cuuuu-ca-mon-gaaa!" - Mel Blanc usually said this, as it was a reference to a character he played on "The Jack Benny Show".
- "Come with me to the casbah" - Reference to Charles Boyer as Pépé le Moko in the 1937 film Algiers. Interesting detail: the line was prominent in the trailer, but not in the movie itself.
- Tiny Toon Adventures
- * The short-lived Nicktoon Backatthe Barnyard was impressively Reference Overdosed, considering its two-season run. Every episode had quite a few references to SOMETHING. No property was to obscure or unlikely to parody. It went from small and subtle references to TheLoneRanger, Aliens, and MyFairLady to No Celebritieswere Harmed versions of Geraldo Rivera, Donald Trump, and the Beatles. It even had some whole plot references to Classic ''Star Trek'' episode "Amok Time", Caddyshack, and Batman in there.
- Megas XLR has an extremely large amount of references to other shows, and not just of the Humongous Mecha genre (Wave Motion Gun, anyone?).
- Transformers Animated. Without interfering with the plot or making it so that you can't follow it if you don't know what's being referenced, it manages to fit in a zillion little easter eggs into every episode. Its "Allspark Almanac" guidebook is this taken to its logical extreme. Every single thing references something, no matter how deeply the reference is buried note or how obscure the things being referenced are note Oh, and a second volume is on the way.
- The short-lived Spaceballs series was nothing but Whole Plot References. No original storylines or jokes to be found anywhere. Probably explains why it was short-lived. Yes, the whole concept is a Whole Plot Reference to Star Wars, but you'd think the writers could come up with at least a few new plots and gags in the 15+ years it took to get the cartoon made.
- South Park series have tons of these in every episode, enough that the Shout Out page had to be split thrice. The "Imaginationland" episodes feature virtually HUNDREDS of fictional characters.
- Especially in the later seasons of "South Park" virtually every episode is one big shout-out to stuff that was in the news that week/month, with more and more pop culture references to things that are sometimes only well known in the United States themselves and thus lost on other audiences.
- Robot Chicken is based on referencing works.
- Phineas and Ferb. Though aren't they a little young to know about all those older references?
- ReBoot makes references in every episode ranging from the obvious computer technology to 70s pop music and beyond.
- Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers manages to fit a lot into only 65 episodes.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic doesn't allow the references to overwhelm the story, but just about every episode includes shout outs and references to topics like Blazing Saddles, Avatar: The Last Airbender, The Benny Hill Show, X-Men, and 1984. See the show's Shout-Outs page and episode guide for a complete list.
- The Venture Bros. The show references music, history, art, literature, politics, pop culture (from the 1890s through modern), comic books, pulp fiction, film, television, philosophy, religions, etc. Each episode is approximately 22 minutes long and every single one includes dozens of these.
- Kim. Freaking. Possible. Her targets include James Bond, Resident Evil, The Lion King, Toy Story, Psycho, Splinter Cell, Buffy, Tomb Raider, and that's just the obvious stuff.
- Recess: 2001: A Space Odyssey, Hey Arnold!, Hogan's Heroes, Rugrats, The Absent-Minded Professor, Dirty Harry, The Wall, Barney & Friends, Maximum Overdrive, Hello Kitty, A Goofy Movie, the list goes on. Some of also double as Parental Bonuses
- ''Batman: The Brave and the Bold rarely had a episode where there wasn't some reference to a little-known or forgotten bit of DC Comics lore. It accumulates in the finale, where the episode ends with nearly every character that appeared in the series attending a farewell party in the Bat-Cave after becoming aware of the fourth wall and learning of the show's cancellation.
- Gravity Falls, like the Phineas and Ferb example above, has numerous pop cultural shout-outs and references. Most of them will fly over the heads of the target demographic.
- Watch an episode of The Amazing World of Gumball and count the ludicrous amount of 70s-80s-90s and early 2000s references shout-outs and homages that kids will never get. Its a show that had the main characters run over the Crazy Frog and that had Gumball punch the Microsoft Office Paper Clip. Obvious targets were Kill Bill and Pulp Fiction... Like 3 times. And tons of retro games. Even mentioning the G-Virus. Most prominently a WayForward Technologies style Gameboy Advance Street Fighter II homage that included a Chun Li Victory pose spamming Hadoukens and a pastiche of Guile's Theme playing as background music.