[[quoteright:220:[[DirtyCommunists http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/RedScare.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:220:[[RussianReversal In Soviet Russia]] ''everything'' is [[TheBackwardsR the other way round]]. [[note]]Also, "[[TheBackwardsR Dll uftsya fyazedfm dyaz 'elfig tf tss]]"?[[/note]]]]

->''"I hardly recognize this country anymore. The government's got us seeing Communists in our soup!"''
--> -- '''Charles Stanforth,''' ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull''

The communist menace. Formerly a common villain source for BigBad or henchmen villains in the SpyDrama, it's now a DiscreditedTrope since the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, although an even more Eastern revival of sorts is possible (see below). Instead, rogue former Soviet scientists tend to be in vogue in the role of the MadScientist who works for the BigBad, as well as TheMafiya.

The Red Scare allows any of the presumably First World heroes to suddenly have counterparts in the (Communist) Second World or (non-aligned) Third World. The Red Scare can produce all manner of reasonably honorable characters that are [[WorthyOpponent nevertheless rivals]] of the heroes or antagonists [[MyCountryRightOrWrong simply because of geopolitics]]. Likewise, the Red Scare can include elements that are meant to invoke the fear of the Cold War as well. A GeneralRipper character is often seen in this situation, usually on the American side but occasionally amongst the Soviets too.

Expect the [[HammerAndSickleRemovedForYourProtection technically inaccurate descriptor]] "Russians" to be used a lot. While much of the Soviet leadership was indeed Russian, some weren't, most particularly UsefulNotes/JosefStalin, who was Georgian (and, no, we don't mean like UsefulNotes/JimmyCarter).

The Red Scare is different from DirtyCommunists due to the fact that Red Scare focuses on the overarching effect of the Cold War while DirtyCommunists are merely horrible people that serve the Soviet State. There is significant overlap between the two groups, however. In general, one can be one of the DirtyCommunists as well as being part of the Red Scare.

Ultimately, the Red Scare only qualifies if it is meant to invoke Cold War tensions and feelings as opposed to simply being Russian or communist villains. Communist China has also produced its own variety of [[DirtyCommunists Dirty Communist]] villains as well as Red Scare ones but not nearly, in the past, to the same extent. However, as memories of the Soviet Union fade, and China grows in economic and military power, the People's Republic seems to be emerging as the new "red menace" of choice (see also RedChina, YellowPeril, and ChinaTakesOverTheWorld).

See also DirtyCommunists. Brown Scare is an equivalent, though less frequently-used, term for irrational fear of fascism or right-wing extremists.

* TheBaroness - More the cold ladies from the country with a reputation for coldness than the dominatrix type. The Chinese version will no doubt exhibit DragonLady traits.
* DeepCoverAgent
* MakeTheBearAngryAgain - Possible post-communism example where UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRustingRockets get their BerserkButton pressed and start going ape-shit crazy.
* UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets and UsefulNotes/ChineseWithChopperSupport.
* TheRival
* RenegadeRussian
* SuperiorFirepower

Contrast WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell.



* The ''ComicBook/{{Blacksad}}'' album '''''Red''' Soul'' takes place in the midst of a full on Red Scare. Complete with propaganda and paranoia. There's even a Joseph [=McCarthy=] {{Expy}} in one Senator Gallo.
* [[MarvelComics Marvel]] has had a huge roster of communist villains, including the Super-Apes, led by the Red Ghost. In this case they ditched the xenophobic slant by making their commie leader a simpleton, and turning the apes into simian supremacists. In general, Marvel's communist villains were divided sharply along the DirtyCommunists lines and TheRival.
** Being a weapons designer, Iron Man had a host of these and (inevitably) so did Captain America. Though most of Iron Man's former villains reformed, while Captain America had his time as a communist basher {{retcon}}ned.
** Omega Red was an Comicbook/XMen villain of the DirtyCommunists variety.
* ComicBook/TheTick had a villain called the Red Scare that made a heavily modified appearance in the Live Action series.
* ''ComicBook/SupermanRedSon''
* Evil Commies from TheDCU are a little fewer between as DC preferred more fantastic stories than Marvel in UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}}, but some exist, such as the Red Panzer.
** According to a {{retcon}}, the real reason the ComicBook/JusticeSocietyOfAmerica disbanded in 1951 was because Senator Joseph [=McCarthy=] cast suspicion on their patriotism by accusing them of being Communist sympathizers and the U. S. government passed a SuperRegistrationAct. Rather than take off their masks and register with the state, the mystery-men simply retired.
** Red Star from the '60s Comicbook/TeenTitans comic was a deliberate subversion of this trope, played as a WorthyOpponent and [[TokenEnemyMinority meant to show that the average Russian is just as decent as the average American]]. They seem to have given up on that, though, as his most recent appearance circa 2006 portrays him as a tool of the repressive post-Soviet government.
** The Rocket Red Brigade served a similar purpose as Red Star except they were in Comicbook/JusticeLeagueInternational.
* ''ComicBook/{{Tintin}} in the Land of the Soviets'', which was blatant propaganda that had people gust burning straw to make it look like the actually empty factories were producing goods..
* The Volgans of ''Invasion!'' and ''ComicBook/ABCWarriors'' - originally, they were intended to be the actual USSR, but the writers were ordered to change the names to avoid antagonising the Soviet embassy.
* The Russian Mega-Cities, East-Meg 1 and 2, in ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'' were frequently treated like this in the 70s and 80s. In one story, East Meg 1 invades and actually manages to conquer Mega-City 1, forcing the Judges into guerrilla warfare.
* In one story by Creator/WilhelmBusch, an "Inter-Nazi" appears (no relation to ThoseWackyNazis). Probably supposed to be an internationalist / social democrat. To further explain, "Nazi" is an old Bavarian and Austrian diminutive of the name Ignaz (Ignatius). Not surprisingly it has fallen into disuse since 1945...
* ''The New Adventures of {{ComicBook/Superboy}}'' #26-27 (1982) featured a flashback to 1962, where Superboy faced Russian spies attempting to sabotage a Project Mercury space launch, which the Boy of Steel saves (in secret, at the request of [[UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy President Kennedy]]). Superboy tells the saboteurs: "What your bosses print in ''Pravda'' about me is lies! I am not a hoax--and you will spend a lot of time in an American prison remembering that!"

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/JamesBond'' and his films made use of the Red Scare even when they avoided Ian Fleming's DirtyCommunists trope use. ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove'', ''Film/ForYourEyesOnly'', and ''Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe'' all deal with the West's rivalry with the Soviet Union without actually parodying the villains. Agent XXX from ''Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe'' was even a love interest.
** The RenegadeRussian trope was used prominently in the movies, in order to avoid insulting the Soviet Union.
* ''Film/TheHuntForRedOctober'' presents the threat of a rogue Soviet ballistic missile sub commander starting a nuclear war as the pretext for a hunt for a DefectorFromCommieLand.
* ''Film/RamboIII'' is the only one of the series to explicitly deal with the Soviet Union.
* ''Film/{{Red Dawn|1984}}'' has both DirtyCommunists elements and Red Scare elements. [[Film/RedDawn2012 The remake]] goes with the YellowPeril version.
* ''Film/RedScorpion'' has the distinction of being a UsefulNotes/ColdWar movie made by a future government official.
* A recurring joke (and pun) in ''Film/{{Clue}}''. "Communism is just a ''red'' herring."
* ''Film/GoodNightAndGoodLuck'' took a look at the RealLife Red Scare. Notable for having people complain that the RealLife footage of U.S. Senator Joseph [=McCarthy=] was "[[LargeHam over the top]] [[YourCostumeNeedsWork acting]]" and accuse the producers of faking it to make him look like a StrawmanPolitical. Another case of RealityIsUnrealistic.
* Examined and subverted in the '60's comedy ''Film/TheRussiansAreComingTheRussiansAreComing'', in which the titular Russians have accidentally run aground on a small New England island, and are just trying to get a motorboat to pull their submarine free. However, thanks to the Red Scare, the entire island promptly whips itself into a frenzy over the Russian "invaders" and bloodshed is only very narrowly averted.
* The thriller ''Film/NoWayOut'' uses a WitchHunt for a [[RedHerringMole supposed Soviet mole]] in the Pentagon as the cover-up for a murder committed by the Secretary of Defense. The twist is that the protagonist leading the investigation is also the [[HiredToHuntYourself person they are trying to frame]], ''and'' [[spoiler:is actually a Soviet mole]].
* This plays a big part in ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'', which is set during the time of the true Red Scare and features DirtyCommunists as villains. When Indy's long-time friend becomes a traitor, the FBI suspects Indy himself, and he's nearly fired from his teaching job because of it. (The Dean manages to reduce this to a "temporary leave of absence, and resigns out of protest because of it.) A character that shows up briefly is Indy's former CO from World War II, who clearly thinks that the obsession over the Red Scare is absurd.
* In the Australian film ''Newsfront'', Prime Minister Menzies calls for a referendum on a law outlawing the Communist Party, and enabling the imprisonment of any person that two Cabinet Ministers declare a communist. The leader of the Australian Labor Party opposes the law, saying it will lead to a police state. The newsreader threatens to resign rather than quote the latter comment because he's worried about being denounced as a communist himself.
* The notorious Creator/JohnWayne vehicle ''Big Jim McLain'' goes so far as to '''endorse''' the Red Scare, showing Wayne's HUAC investigator unraveling a Communist conspiracy in Hawaii.

* Mocked in the Creator/JohnWyndham CosyCatastrophe novel ''The Kraken Wakes'' with the minor character of Tuny; she continues to insist the Russians are behind the book's ever-escalating attacks on humanity from the depths of the sea, when it's soon made clear they couldn't possibly be doing it.
* In ''Literature/ShanghaiGirls'', which partially takes place in TheFifties,the Louie family is investigated for being Communist sympathizers. This happens because they are Chinese immigrants (only Pearl's daughter Joy was born in America) and because Joy is a member of a Communist organization at her college.
* ''The Astounding, the Amazing and the Unknown'' by Paul Malmont has several sci-fi writers during UsefulNotes/WW2 investigating WeirdScience left behind by a deceased UsefulNotes/NikolaTesla. At the same time the writers are under investigation for being members of a Communist spy ring because one of them wrote a pulp magazine story predicting the use of the atomic bomb (he got the idea from scientific journals). Two agents try to question LRonHubbard on his connection with "known communists" Creator/RobertAHeinlein and Creator/IsaacAsimov.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In early ''Series/MacGyver'' episodes, this was played straight. After ''glasnost'' and ''perestroika'' began in real life, however, the show's Soviet villains became [[RenegadeRussian hardliners who hated Gorbachev and wanted to keep the Cold War going]].
* ''Series/DangerMan''.
* ''ISpy''
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'''s Chekov was an aversion of this when most of the Russians in television were of the DirtyCommunists variety.
** Of course, this didn't prevent ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' from milking the Cold War for all it's worth with Klingons and ''The Omega Glory''.
* Occasionally a point of discussion in ''Series/{{MASH}}'' -- although given the show's setting, this was to be expected. One episode in particular had Communism as a focal point of the plot; Margaret Houlihan was being investigated for having been friends, in college, with people who later turned out to be Communist sympathizers.
* A VerySpecialEpisode of ''Series/FatherKnowsBest'' called "24 Hours in Tyrant Land", commissioned by the US government, had the cast pretend to live in a horribly repressive (read: Communist) regime, after not valuing democracy enough.
* ''Series/MissionImpossible'' under various euphemisms.
* The "Red Glare" episode from ''Series/ColdCase''.
* ''Series/{{Amerika}}'', a 1987 mini-series that takes place ten years after the DayOfTheJackboot when the Soviets took over the USA.
* ''Series/TheAmericans'' is set early in the UsefulNotes/RonaldReagan administration, so this trope is in full effect. Also shown from the U.S.S.R.'s point of view, since the main characters are both [=KGB=] [[DeepCoverAgent Deep Cover Agents]].

* Satirized by Music/BobDylan in "Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Blues", in which the POV character buys a ''little'' too much into the Red Scare:
-->Now [[UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower Eisenhower]], heís a Russian spy\\
[[UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln Lincoln]], [[UsefulNotes/ThomasJefferson Jefferson]] and that [[UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt Roosevelt]] guy\\
To my knowledge thereís just one man\\
Thatís really a true American: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Lincoln_Rockwell George Lincoln Rockwell]]\\
I know for a fact he hates Commies cus he picketed the movie Film/{{Exodus}}

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* Many, many {{Foreign Wrestling Heel}}s in ProfessionalWrestling. Wrestling/IvanKoloff, Wrestling/NikitaKoloff, Krusher Kruschev, Boris Zhukov, and Wrestling/NikolaiVolkoff, to name a few. And just to play off the trope even more, every single one of them had a FakeNationality. Even Volkoff, who was Yugoslavian rather than Russian.
** Somewhat averted with Wrestling/VladimirKozlov, who got into the business far too late to capitalize on the Red Scare, but remained a ForeignWrestlingHeel regardless - until he made a HeelFaceTurn and started hanging out with SantinoMarella.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Paranoia}}'' parodies Cold War paranoia: the whole of Alpha Complex is ruled by [[MasterComputer The Computer]] and the biggest perceived threats are Communists, followed by Mutants and the general catch-all Traitor. In fact, the only thing worse than being a Communist is being a [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot Commie mutant traitor]].
** Furthermore, in a universe where [[ColourCodedForYourConvenience color is used to define rank and membership in a caste system]], Red (the color/rank of typical Player Characters) is the second most common, just barely above Black (the bottom of the barrel, representing chemically mind-controlled drone labor that the [=PCs=] somehow rose above, usually through [[strike:hard work]] accusing a fellow citizen of treason).
** It should also be noted there are in fact Communists around, but they only exist because they decided that [[ForbiddenFruit anything The Computer hates so fervently]] must have ''something'' going for it.
*** Although their brand of "communism" follows [[FutureImperfect the writing of John Lennon and the teachings of Groucho Marx]].
** And of course, the central irony of ''Paranoia'': Alpha Complex is for all intents and purposes a Stalinist state, although the exact flavor of totalitarianism has varied from edition to edition.
* Sahuagin ("sea devils") in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' are an evil underwater [[ImAHumanitarian openly cannibalistic]] (in a sort-of-sensible way: their motto is "[[ValuesDissonance meat is meat]]") race. They are also very collectivist and address each other as "comrade."

* ''Theatre/TheCrucible'' famously was written as an analogy for 1950s Cold War paranoia (basing its analogy around similarities between those events and the Salem Witch Trials in the late 17th century). For writing it, its author, ArthurMiller (later Mr. Creator/MarilynMonroe), was blacklisted for a period.
* An early John Osborne play called ''Personal Enemy'' focuses on an American serviceman captured in the KoreanWar who refuses to be repatriated after the war ends. Throughout the play his friends and family members are accused of Communism, hounded by HUAC agents and even declared to be homosexuals.
* In ''Theatre/ThatChampionshipSeason'', Scranton mayor George Sitkowski is fighting a tough battle for re-election against the younger, more dynamic Norman Sharmen. He and his former basketball coach, whom he still relies upon for life advice twenty years later and who regards Joseph [=McCarthy=] as a personal hero, have discovered that Sharmen has an uncle who was accused of being a Communist twenty years earlier, and plan to use this information to discredit him. George's former basketball teammates - among whom are one of his top donors, Phil Romano, and his campaign manager, James Daley - are sceptical, since it is now 1972 and no-one cares about Communists in the family anymore. Phil still tries to use this information to blackmail Sharmen when he refuses a side-switching donation/bribe, but Sharmen simply laughs and says it was his cousin, not his uncle, and hangs up on Phil.

* ''VideoGame/DestroyAllHumans'' parodies Cold War paranoia by making the citizenry brainwashed into believing all alien activity by the player character is the work of communists.
* ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlertSeries'' is this trope made into a game series.
* Part of the backstory for the ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' universe is that the Red Scare never ended, but instead of Russia, it was China[[note]]Or rather, it was Russia at first, but over time, as Russia lost prominence, China because the ''de facto'' Red country, helped by the fact that the Chinese were Communists as well[[/note]].
** Which gave us the awesome [[VideoGame/{{Fallout3}} Liberty Prime]], the one-robot anti-communist brainwashing army.
** When you visit Tranquility Lane, [[spoiler:the fail-safe that ends the simulation and kills the people trapped in it manifests as Chinese commandos.]]
** [[ItMakesSenseInContext A communist-hating book chute]], of all things, gives us a pretty apt summary of pre-war America:
--->'''Book Chute:''' If you haven't found any communists in your backyard, you aren't looking hard enough!
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps'' takes place in TheSixties, so this trope was a given, with missions including sabotaging the Soviet missile program and stopping a plot to attack the United States with nerve gas[[note]]The latter being prepetrated by a renegade faction of the Soviets, however[[/note]]. Comes complete with a plot about a ManchurianAgent, revealed to be [[spoiler:[[BrainwashedAndCrazy the player character]].]]
* ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'' has a rare case of both sides of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar being afflicted with this trope (in other words, the trope being both played straight and inverted). On the American side, the American government was actually afraid that the less stalwart elements of the military/CIA would defect after The Boss managed to [[FakeDefector "defect"]] to the Soviet Union, even placing several key members under house arrest. On the Soviet Russian side, more specifically the Volgin faction, he attempts to justify his actions by claiming that it's either kill or be killed and that they should weed out potential threats in a manner very similar to the Red Scare in America.
* In ''VideoGame/TheBureauXCOMDeclassified'' XCOM started life as a counter to ''communist'' invasion or infiltration rather than aliens. All bets are off when the Sectoids attack and XCOM is the ClosestThingWeGot.
* ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'': The very patriotic [[{{Eagleland}} Soldier]] believes that the enemy [[HuskyRusskie Heavy]] is a Communist. But only the enemy Heavy, not the equally-Russian Heavy from his own team.
** Heavy himself may or may not be an example. He sometimes makes 'redistributing the wealth' jokes, and has a large hammer and sickle painted on the side of one of his miniguns, but his backstory implies that he considers the KGB to be evil, as they murdered his father, and sentenced him and his family to work in a gulag.
** In one of the supplementary comics, ''A Cold Day In Hell'', Soldier arrives in Soviet Siberia to convince Heavy to re-join the team. Soldier initially plays this trope straight, acting suspicious of the warm coats and soup offered to him by Heavy's family and allies, but apparently makes an exception for SensualSlavs, very quickly ending up romantically entwined one of Heavy's younger sisters.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Housepets}}'', Duchess asks Boris to approach King [[http://www.housepetscomic.com/2012/02/15/snow-time-for-arguing/ and ask if he has purebred papers]] so she could use him for a dog show. Apparently he only asked King, originally a human born at the tail end of the Cold War, just for "papers". King was a bit unnerved.
-->'''King:''' Oh, '''purebred''' papers. For a second I thought you were asking for something else.

[[folder:Web Originals]]
* Imagine if Joseph [=McCarthy=]'s Un-American Activities committee had never stopped. That's one of the major turning points of ''Literature/AWorldOfLaughterAWorldOfTears'', where the Red Scare doesn't end. ''At all.''
* The Literature/ChaosTimeline has its own version, with the Socialists governing western Europe and the Red Pirates terrorizing the seas.
* Inverted in ''Literature/{{Reds}}'', where a white scare holds sway during the years after the Red Revolution. Complete with many newly-elected Republican and Democratic (the few who didnt go into exile with the Military Junta or joined Harry Trumans Democratic Labor and Farmers League) members of the Peoples Deputies being prevented from taking their seats after refusing to swear the new oath of office.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Downplayed in Eastern Europe and East Germany. Soviets liberated them from Nazis, while committing a few atrocities, then they installed sattelite regimes, ruthlessly suppressing opposition. They also supported post-WWII reconstruction and modernisation of economics. After TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, former Warsaw Pact countries fell in deep decay.
* A feedback comment on an article on FanFic suggested, in all seriousness and ''in the year 2005'', that supporting the right of fans to write FanFic made you a Communist.
** Not to mention [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Commiedl.png this comedy gold of M.A.F.I.A.A. propaganda]], which is a hoax but based on actual rhetoric.
* The biggest Red Scare was, of course, in America roughly between 1945 and 1970 (after which the doctrine of ''detente'', or peaceful coexistence, became standard for a time), and particularly during the early 1950s, when even being suspected of having Communist sympathies could get you fired for "Un-American Activities". Despite its popularity, it did have numerous vehement opponents, among whom was President UsefulNotes/HarryTruman. The big Red Scare died out along with its poster-child Joe [=McCarthy=]'s fall from grace. (Though it's interesting to note that there is declassified evidence showing there were some communists in the government. Doesn't make him a good guy and he was just making stuff up for national fame, but it is something to think about.)
** It didn't just get you fired. You were blacklisted, meaning that you couldn't get a job ''anywhere.''
*** To be more precise, you were unable to get any job in an government organization or in a field related to information (education, culture, broadcasting etc.).
*** Hollywood also had its own blacklist. Many entertainers blacklisted in the '50s were unable to work for years.
** President Truman's opposition to the HUAC was perhaps spurred by the knowledge that there were Communists such as Alger Hiss in prominent positions in his administration, and he wanted the chance to ease them out before this embarrassing fact was made public.
** It wasn't just a government project either. Among the creepier things that [=NGOs=] created, [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a1/Unholy_three.png this poster]] from the Keep America Committee calls the following communist: The Polio Vaccine (or, as they call it, polio serum), mental hygiene (psychology), and [[DrStrangelove water fluoridation]].
** It should be said that, while [=McCarthy=] was "exonerated" in the sense that there actually were Soviet agents in the U.S. government, he had no objective way of knowing who they were, given that his famous list of communists was an election-time AssPull. In the end, [=McCarthy=]'s record is stained by the simple fact that he did not catch a single Soviet agent. In fact, the ''single'' [=McCarthy=] accusee who actually was close to "guilty", Mary Jane Keeney, traded on her ''beating'' [=McCarthy=]'s charges to deflect suspicion from her for years. Notably, he didn't accuse her of being what she was (a fully paid-up KGB agent) but instead a "Communist Party member", suggesting he pulled her name directly out his ass and it was simply his blind luck that she turned out to be a Red under the bed.
*** At best, [=McCarthy=] is a shining example of NiceJobBreakingItHero. In essence, he was so nuts that he [[DontShootTheMessage made the cause he was fighting for look bad]], which went a long way in discrediting it. In fact, Truman once said that, "I think the greatest asset that the Kremlin has is Senator [=McCarthy=]." UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower similarly commented that the Kremlin ought to put [=McCarthy=] on their payroll.
*** As opposed to HUAC. Alger Hiss was exposed by them, for starters, and most of the Hollywood Ten really were Communist Party members and had agreed to "Party discipline" (i.e., obeying orders from Moscow.)
** The general intellectual level of the whole thing was summed up (unintentionally) by Samuel Goldwyn. Telling a secretary to fire one of his producers, he added that the man was a communist. The secretary protested: "Sir, he's an ''anti''-communist." Goldwyn replied: "I don't care what sort of communist he is! I don't want him working in my studios."
*** This quote has been attributed to numerous people.
** In order to know how far this went, consider Michigan which punished subversive opinions by ''life'' in 1950 or Tennessee who decided to [[UpToEleven up the ante]] the following year by [[http://books.google.fr/books?id=0kZNwJZxRr0C&printsec=frontcover&hl=fr#v=snippet&q=tennessee&f=false punishing those advocating the overthrow of government]] with '''[[DisproportionateRetribution death by electrocution]]'''.
** One side effect of the Red Scare was that it created a CryingWolf effect when the West tried to point out actual communist atrocities. Most notably, the Cambodian genocide was originally dismissed by many as simply more anti-communist propaganda.
** Concurrent with the anti-communist witch hunt was one against homosexuals employed with the government, the so-called "Lavendar Scare". The first reason for purging them was, as you'd guess, simple homophobia (they were declared "not proper persons" to employ). Secondly, because being openly homosexual could get you fired, they were vulnerable to blackmail by foreign agents who could coerce them to pass along information or be exposed. This rested on a catch-22, of course-they were only vulnerable in this way ''because'' they could not be open about their orientation. Perhaps ironically, [=McCarthy=]'s chief counsel Roy Cohn was ''himself'' strongly rumored to be a closet homosexual, and this was rumored even in those days. The Army-[=McCarthy=] hearings, which arose when Cohn was unable to get a male friend (whom he was rumored to have a relationship with) exempted from military service causing [=McCarthy=] to accuse them of using this to interfere with his investigation of them, saw Army counsel Joseph N. Welch allude to this, infuriating Cohn. Since the hearings were broadcast on live TV, the public was exposed to [=McCarthy's=] tactics directly, contributing to his fall from grace, along with Cohn. Roy Cohn eventually died of AIDS-related disease in 1986, while still denying that he was a homosexual. Also ironically, the actual Soviets Union persecuted homosexuals as well, but the Soviets did it with the idea that homosexuality was "bourgeois decadence".
** Interestingly accused communists just so happened to be critics of [=McCarthy=]. Mere coincidence? What do ''you'' think?
* The Red Scare is OlderThanTheyThink; a period in 1919-1920 was called [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Red_Scare the First Red Scare]]. The Palmer Raids were carried out under the [[UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson Wilson Administration]] during this time to crack down on Communists, anarchists, leftists, and various other radicals and anti-war activists. They make the [=McCarthy=] hearings look like an Oxford Union debate.
* This type of thing has been going on since the 1850s, ever since labour rights became a large issue. A good example would be the Chartist movement in England.
* A similar "White Terror" happened in Taiwan, except that one ended up with a lot more people in prison (it didn't help that RedChina got very, very close to retaking Taiwan after the Nationalists fled there and the threat of invasion was quite real for some time).
* Finland had its most notable Red Scare after the Civil war in 1918, which the socialist Reds lost. The communist party was banned and the Investigative Central Police started hunting Soviet spies. Ironically, the anti-communist Lapua movement became a much bigger threat to peace and order during the 1930s and the government re-focused on suppressing right-wing extremism.
** Also interesting to note: The vast majority of Finnish communists sided with their homeland during the WinterWar. Other Finns expected them to side with their fellow communists (aka the Soviets), but the Finnish commies had no intention of siding with with UsefulNotes/JosefStalin after his purges.
* Creator/FrancisEDec, a schizophrenic with a cult following (like ''Film/Plan9FromOuterSpace'' cult following, not ChurchOfHappyology cult following), was so worried about the Red Scare that he tore down his brother's house's red wallpaper, and then spent months scraping the red paint that was underneath off. Granted, when the Communists are in league with the Mafia, Catholics, atheists, Nazis, Jews, blacks, the medical community, and the CIA, all under leadership of the Mad Deadly Frankenstein Computer God and for the sake of killing (or "sneak executing") Dec, you take that shit seriously.
* Italy had its Red Scare after UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, ending in 1922 with UsefulNotes/BenitoMussolini taking over the country. Due to the Italian people still remembering what happened the first time, post-UsefulNotes/WorldWarII attempts at igniting a new one failed miserably, to the point that during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar Italy had the strongest Communist Party of the NATO, a party that was actually in power for a while.
** UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler [[HitlerAteSugar did it too]]! The Nazis also opposed capitalism, however. Naturally, Hitler's opposition to both systems rested on the assertion that they were [[ConspiracyTheories controlled by Jews]].
** In fact, the Nazi party arose specifically from the right-wing militias marshaled to fight the German communists who set up a Bavarian socialist republic.
* The Red Scare was used as a legitimizer for the Suharto militarist regime in Indonesia. [[{{Hypocrite}} If you don't align with state interest, then you're most likely a Communist sleeper cell.]] He was a strongman who ruled Indonesia for ''32 effin' years'' after he toppled the previous government in a CIA-backed coup, during the escalation of UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar. These days, "beware of latent Communist danger" is [[DeadHorseTrope never used]] except when you're mocking the old regime.
** Although the Communist taboo is not quite dead, government officials still [[BerserkButton go apeshit]] on any sight of hammer & sickle, & accusing someone as a Communist is one of the worst insults.
* Noam Chomsky argues that this is a method of social control by accusing people who question the system of being communists.