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Pulitzer Prize
The Pulitzer Prizes were founded in 1917 by Joseph Pulitzer, a Hungarian-American who immigrated to the United States in 1864 and rose from poverty to become a newspaper magnate, publishing the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (still the daily paper of St. Louis, Missouri) and New York World. In his will Pulitzer specified, among other things, "four awards in journalism, four in letters and drama, one in education". The Pulitzer Prize today is given in 21 different categories, most of which still pertain to journalism, reporting, and non-fiction writing. This wiki will list the Pulitzer Prizes in three creative arts categories: drama (namely, theater), fiction, and poetry. The Pulitzer Prizes are given exclusively to Americans, and the creative works they honor are preferred to be ones dealing with American life. The prizes are administered by Columbia University.

On occasion prizes which have been awarded by the relevant committee have been rejected by the full Pulitzer board. Novels which were approved by the committee for Fiction but rejected by the Pulitzer board include For Whom the Bell Tolls (1941) and Gravitys Rainbow (1974). And while it's not listed below, it's fun to know that newspaper reporter Janet Cooke had to give back her 1981 Pulitzer for feature writing, "Jimmy's World" (about an eight-year-old heroin addict) after it was revealed that she made the whole story up.

When Pulitzers are mentioned in fictional works, they are often used to get an Informed Ability across, to let the audience know that the character is a great writer or Intrepid Reporter.

Drama

  • 1918: Why Marry? – Jesse Lynch Williams
  • 1919: no award
  • 1920: Beyond the Horizon – Eugene O'Neill
  • 1921: Miss Lulu Bett – Zona Gale
  • 1922: Anna Christie – Eugene O'Neill
  • 1923: Icebound – Owen Davis
  • 1924: Hell-Bent Fer Heaven – Hatcher Hughes
  • 1925: They Knew What They Wanted – Sidney Howard
  • 1926: Craig's Wife – George Kelly
  • 1927: In Abraham's Bosom – Paul Green
  • 1928: Strange Interlude – Eugene O'Neill
  • 1929: Street Scene – Elmer Rice
  • 1930: The Green Pastures – Marc Connelly
  • 1931: Alison's House – Susan Glaspell
  • 1932: Of Thee I Sing – George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind, Ira Gershwin,
  • 1933: Both Your Houses – Maxwell Anderson
  • 1934: Men in White – Sidney Kingsley
  • 1935: The Old Maid – Zoλ Akins
  • 1936: Idiot's Delight – Robert E. Sherwood
  • 1937: You Can't Take It With You – Moss Hart, George S. Kaufman
  • 1938: Our Town – Thornton Wilder
  • 1939: Abe Lincoln in Illinois – Robert E. Sherwood
  • 1940: The Time of Your Life – William Saroyan
  • 1941: There Shall Be No Night – Robert E. Sherwood
  • 1942: no award
  • 1943: The Skin Of Our Teeth – Thornton Wilder
  • 1944: no award
  • 1945: Harvey – Mary Coyle Chase
  • 1946: State of the Union – Russel Crouse, Howard Lindsay
  • 1947: no award
  • 1948: A Streetcar Named Desire – Tennessee Williams
  • 1949: Death of a Salesman – Arthur Miller
  • 1950: South Pacific – Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II, Joshua Logan
  • 1951: no award
  • 1952: The Shrike – Joseph Kramm
  • 1953: Picnic – William Inge
  • 1954: The Teahouse of the August Moon – John Patrick
  • 1955: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof – Tennessee Williams
  • 1956: The Diary of Anne Frank – Albert Hackett and Frances Goodrich
  • 1957: Long Days Journey Into Night – Eugene O'Neill
  • 1958: Look Homeward, Angel – Ketti Frings
  • 1959: J.B. – Archibald MacLeish
  • 1960: Fiorello! – Jerome Weidman, George Abbott, Jerry Bock, and Sheldon Harnick
  • 1961: All the Way Home – Tad Mosel
  • 1962: How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying – Frank Loesser and Abe Burrows
  • 1963: no award
  • 1964: no award
  • 1965: The Subject Was Roses – Frank D. Gilroy
  • 1966: no award
  • 1967: A Delicate Balance – Edward Albee
  • 1968: no award
  • 1969: The Great White Hope – Howard Sackler
  • 1970: No Place to be Somebody – Charles Gordone
  • 1971: The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds – Paul Zindel
  • 1972: no award
  • 1973: That Championship Season – Jason Miller
  • 1974: no award
  • 1975: Seascape – Edward Albee
  • 1976: A Chorus Line – Michael Bennett, Nicholas Dante and James Kirkwood, Jr., Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban
  • 1977: The Shadow Box – Michael Cristofer
  • 1978: The Gin Game – Donald L. Coburn
  • 1979: Buried Child – Sam Shepard
  • 1980: Talley's Folly – Lanford Wilson
  • 1981: Crimes of the Heart – Beth Henley
  • 1982: A Soldier's Play – Charles Fuller
  • 1983: 'night, Mother – Marsha Norman
  • 1984: Glengarry Glen Ross – David Mamet
  • 1985: Sunday In The Park With George – James Lapine and Stephen Sondheim
  • 1986: no award
  • 1987: Fences – August Wilson
  • 1988: Driving Miss Daisy – Alfred Uhry
  • 1989: The Heidi Chronicles – Wendy Wasserstein
  • 1990: The Piano Lesson – August Wilson
  • 1991: Lost in Yonkers – Neil Simon
  • 1992: The Kentucky Cycle – Robert Schenkkan
  • 1993: Angels In America: Millennium Approaches – Tony Kushner
  • 1994: Three Tall Women – Edward Albee
  • 1995: The Young Man From Atlanta – Horton Foote
  • 1996: Rent – Jonathan Larson
  • 1997: no award
  • 1998: How I Learned To Drive – Paula Vogel
  • 1999: Wit – Margaret Edson
  • 2000: Dinner with Friends – Donald Margulies
  • 2001: Proof – David Auburn
  • 2002: Topdog/Underdog – Suzan-Lori Parks
  • 2003: Anna in the Tropics – Nilo Cruz
  • 2004: I Am My Own Wife – Doug Wright
  • 2005: Doubt: A Parable – John Patrick Shanley
  • 2006: no award
  • 2007: Rabbit Hole – David Lindsay-Abaire
  • 2008: August: Osage County – Tracy Letts
  • 2009: Ruined – Lynn Nottage
  • 2010: Next to Normal – Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey
  • 2011: Clybourne Park – Bruce Norris
  • 2012: Water by the Spoonful – Quiara Alegrνa Hudes
  • 2013: Disgraced - Ayad Akhtar
  • 2014: The Flick - Annie Baker

Literature

  • 1918: His Family by Ernest Poole
  • 1919: The Magnificent Ambersons by Booth Tarkington
  • 1920: no award given
  • 1921: The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton
  • 1922: Alice Adams by Booth Tarkington
  • 1923: One of Ours by Willa Cather
  • 1924: The Able McLaughlins by Margaret Wilson
  • 1925: So Big by Edna Ferber
  • 1926: Arrowsmith by Sinclair Lewis (declined prize)
  • 1927: Early Autumn by Louis Bromfield
  • 1928: The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder
  • 1929: Scarlet Sister Mary by Julia Peterkin
  • 1930: Laughing Boy by Oliver La Farge
  • 1931: Years of Grace by Margaret Ayer Barnes
  • 1932: The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck
  • 1933: The Store by Thomas Sigismund Stribling
  • 1934: Lamb in His Bosom by Caroline Miller
  • 1935: Now in November by Josephine Winslow Johnson
  • 1936: Honey in the Horn by Harold L. Davis
  • 1937: Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
  • 1938: The Late George Apley by John Phillips Marquand
  • 1939: The Yearling by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
  • 1940: The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
  • 1941: no award given
  • 1942: In This Our Life by Ellen Glasgow
  • 1943: Dragon's Teeth by Upton Sinclair
  • 1944: Journey in the Dark by Martin Flavin
  • 1945: A Bell for Adano by John Hersey
  • 1946: no award given
  • 1947: All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren
  • 1948: Tales of the South Pacific by James A. Michener
  • 1949: Guard of Honor by James Gould Cozzens
  • 1950: The Way West by A. B. Guthrie, Jr.
  • 1951: The Town by Conrad Richter
  • 1952: The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk
  • 1953: The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway
  • 1954: No award given
  • 1955: A Fable by William Faulkner
  • 1956: Andersonville by MacKinlay Kantor
  • 1957: No award given
  • 1958: A Death in the Family by James Agee (posthumous win)
  • 1959: The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters by Robert Lewis Taylor
  • 1960: Advise And Consent by Allen Drury
  • 1961: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • 1962: The Edge of Sadness by Edwin O'Connor
  • 1963: The Reivers by William Faulkner (posthumous win)
  • 1964: No award given
  • 1965: The Keepers of the House by Shirley Ann Grau
  • 1966: The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter by Katherine Anne Porter
  • 1967: The Fixer by Bernard Malamud
  • 1968: The Confessions of Nat Turner by William Styron
  • 1969: House Made of Dawn by N. Scott Momaday
  • 1970: The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford by Jean Stafford
  • 1971: No award given
  • 1972: Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner
  • 1973: The Optimist's Daughter by Eudora Welty
  • 1974: No award given
  • 1975: The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara
  • 1976: Humboldt's Gift by Saul Bellow
  • 1977: No award given
  • 1978: Elbow Room by James Alan McPherson
  • 1979: The Stories of John Cheever by John Cheever
  • 1980: The Executioner's Song by Norman Mailer
  • 1981: A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole (posthumous win)
  • 1982: Rabbit Is Rich by John Updike
  • 1983: The Color Purple by Alice Walker
  • 1984: Ironweed by William Kennedy
  • 1985: Foreign Affairs by Alison Lurie
  • 1986: Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry
  • 1987: A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor
  • 1988: Beloved by Toni Morrison
  • 1989: Breathing Lessons by Anne Tyler
  • 1990: The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love by Oscar Hijuelos
  • 1991: Rabbit at Rest by John Updike
  • 1992: A Thousand Acres by Jane Smiley
  • 1993: A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain by Robert Olen Butler
  • 1994: The Shipping News by E. Annie Proulx
  • 1995: The Stone Diaries by Carol Shields
  • 1996: Independence Day by Richard Ford
  • 1997: Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer by Steven Millhauser
  • 1998: American Pastoral by Philip Roth
  • 1999: The Hours by Michael Cunningham
  • 2000: Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri
  • 2001: The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay by Michael Chabon
  • 2002: Empire Falls by Richard Russo
  • 2003: Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides
  • 2004: The Known World by Edward P. Jones
  • 2005: Gilead by Marilynne Robinson
  • 2006: March by Geraldine Brooks
  • 2007: The Road by Cormac McCarthy
  • 2008: The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Dνaz
  • 2009: Olive Kitteridge by Elizabeth Strout
  • 2010: Tinkers by Paul Harding
  • 2011: A Visit From the Goon Squad by Jennifer Egan
  • 2012: No award given
  • 2013: The Orphan Master's Son by Adam Johnson
  • 2014: The Goldfinch by Donna Tartt

Poetry

  • 1922: Collected Poems by Edwin Arlington Robinson
  • 1923: The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver: A Few Figs from Thistles: Eight Sonnets in American Poetry, 1922. A Miscellany by Edna St. Vincent Millay
  • 1924: New Hampshire: A Poem with Notes and Grace Notes by Robert Frost
  • 1925: The Man Who Died Twice by Edwin Arlington Robinson
  • 1926: What's O'Clock by Amy Lowell
  • 1927: Fiddler's Farewell by Leonora Speyer
  • 1928: Tristram by Edwin Arlington Robinson
  • 1929: John Brown's Body by Stephen Vincent Benιt
  • 1930: Selected Poems by Conrad Aiken
  • 1931: Collected Poems by Robert Frost
  • 1932: The Flowering Stone by George Dillon
  • 1933: Conquistador by Archibald MacLeish
  • 1934: Collected Verse by Robert Hillyer
  • 1935: Bright Ambush by Audrey Wurdemann
  • 1936: Strange Holiness by Robert P. T. Coffin
  • 1937: A Further Range by Robert Frost
  • 1938: Cold Morning Sky by Marya Zaturenska
  • 1939: Selected Poems by John Gould Fletcher
  • 1940: Collected Poems by Mark Van Doren
  • 1941: Sunderland Capture by Leonard Bacon
  • 1942: The Dust Which Is God by William Rose Benιt
  • 1943: A Witness Tree by Robert Frost
  • 1944: Western Star by Stephen Vincent Benιt
  • 1945: V-Letter and Other Poems by Karl Shapiro
  • 1946: no award given
  • 1947: Lord Weary's Castle by Robert Lowell
  • 1948: The Age of Anxiety by W. H. Auden
  • 1949: Terror and Decorum by Peter Viereck
  • 1950: Annie Allen by Gwendolyn Brooks
  • 1951: Complete Poems by Carl Sandburg
  • 1952: Collected Poems by Marianne Moore
  • 1953: Collected Poems 1917–1952 by Archibald MacLeish
  • 1954: The Waking by Theodore Roethke
  • 1955: Collected Poems by Wallace Stevens
  • 1956: Poems - North & South by Elizabeth Bishop
  • 1957: Things of This World by Richard Wilbur
  • 1958: Promises: Poems 1954-1956 by Robert Penn Warren
  • 1959: Selected Poems 1928-1958 by Stanley Kunitz
  • 1960: Heart's Needle by W. D. Snodgrass
  • 1961: Times Three: Selected Verse From Three Decades by Phyllis McGinley
  • 1962: Poems by Alan Dugan
  • 1963: Pictures from Brueghel by William Carlos Williams
  • 1964: At The End Of The Open Road by Louis Simpson
  • 1965: 77 Dream Songs by John Berryman
  • 1966: Selected Poems by Richard Eberhart
  • 1967: Live or Die by Anne Sexton
  • 1968: The Hard Hours by Anthony Hecht
  • 1969: Of Being Numerous by George Oppen
  • 1970: Untitled Subjects by Richard Howard
  • 1971: The Carrier of Ladders by William S. Merwin
  • 1972: Collected Poems by James Wright
  • 1973: Up Country by Maxine Kumin
  • 1974: The Dolphin by Robert Lowell
  • 1975: Turtle Island by Gary Snyder
  • 1976: Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror by John Ashbery
  • 1977: Divine Comedies by James Merrill
  • 1978: Collected Poems by Howard Nemerov
  • 1979: Now and Then by Robert Penn Warren
  • 1980: Selected Poems by Donald Justice
  • 1981: The Morning of the Poem by James Schuyler
  • 1982: The Collected Poems by Sylvia Plath
  • 1983: Selected Poems by Galway Kinnell
  • 1984: American Primitive by Mary Oliver
  • 1985: Yin by Carolyn Kizer
  • 1986: The Flying Change by Henry S. Taylor
  • 1987: Thomas and Beulah by Rita Dove
  • 1988: Partial Accounts: New and Selected Poems by William Meredith
  • 1989: New and Collected Poems by Richard Wilbur
  • 1990: The World Doesn't End by Charles Simic
  • 1991: Near Changes by Mona Van Duyn
  • 1992: Selected Poems by James Tate
  • 1993: The Wild Iris by Louise Glόck
  • 1994: Neon Vernacular: New and Selected Poems by Yusef Komunyakaa
  • 1995: The Simple Truth by Philip Levine
  • 1996: The Dream of the Unified Field by Jorie Graham
  • 1997: Alive Together: New and Selected Poems by Lisel Mueller
  • 1998: Black Zodiac by Charles Wright
  • 1999: Blizzard of One by Mark Strand
  • 2000: Repair by C. K. Williams
  • 2001: Different Hours by Stephen Dunn
  • 2002: Practical Gods by Carl Dennis
  • 2003: Moy Sand and Gravel by Paul Muldoon
  • 2004: Walking to Martha's Vineyard by Franz Wright
  • 2005: Delights & Shadows by Ted Kooser
  • 2006: Late Wife by Claudia Emerson
  • 2007: Native Guard by Natasha Trethewey
  • 2008: Time and Materials by Robert Hass and Failure by Philip Schultz
  • 2009: The Shadow of Sirius by W. S. Merwin
  • 2010: Versed by Rae Armantrout
  • 2011: The Best of It: New and Selected Poems by Kay Ryan
  • 2012: Life on Mars by Tracy K. Smith
  • 2013: Stag's Leap by Sharon Olds
  • 2014: 3 Sections by Vijay Seshadri

Non-Fiction

  • 1962: The Making of the President 1960 by Theodore H. White
  • 1963: The Guns of August by Barbara W. Tuchman
  • 1964: Anti-Intellectualism in American Life by Richard Hofstadter
  • 1965: O Strange New World by Howard Mumford Jones
  • 1966: Wandering Through Winter by Edwin Way Teale
  • 1967: The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture by David Brion Davis
  • 1968: Rousseau And Revolution, The Tenth And Concluding Volume Of The Story Of Civilization by Will and Ariel Durant
  • 1969: So Human An Animal by Rene Jules Dubos
  • 1969: The Armies Of The Night by Norman Mailer
  • 1970: Gandhi's Truth by Erik H. Erikson
  • 1971: The Rising Sun by John Toland
  • 1972: Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-1945 by Barbara W. Tuchman
  • 1973: Children of Crisis by Robert Coles
  • 1973: Fire in the Lake by Frances Fitzgerald
  • 1974: The Denial of Death by the late Ernest Becker
  • 1975: Pilgrim at Tinker Creek by Annie Dillard
  • 1976: Why Survive? Being Old In America by Robert N. Butler
  • 1977: Beautiful Swimmers by William W. Warner
  • 1978: The Dragons of Eden by Carl Sagan
  • 1979: On Human Nature by Edward O. Wilson
  • 1980: Gφdel, Escher, Bach by Douglas R. Hofstadter
  • 1981: Fin-De Siecle Vienna by Carl E. Schorske
  • 1982: The Soul of A New Machine by Tracy Kidder
  • 1983: Is There No Place On Earth For Me? by Susan Sheehan
  • 1984: The Social Transformation Of American Medicine by Paul Starr
  • 1985: The Good War by Studs Terkel
  • 1986: Move Your Shadow by Joseph Lelyveld
  • 1986: Common Ground by J. Anthony Lukas
  • 1987: Arab and Jew by David K. Shipler
  • 1988: The Making of the Atomic Bomb by Richard Rhodes
  • 1989: A Bright Shining Lie by Neil Sheehan
  • 1990: And Their Children After Them by Dale Maharidge and Michael Williamson
  • 1991: The Ants by Bert Holldobler and Edward O. Wilson
  • 1992: The Prize by Daniel Yergin
  • 1993: Lincoln at Gettysburg by Garry Wills
  • 1994: Lenin's Tomb by David Remnick
  • 1995: The Beak Of The Finch by Jonathan Weiner
  • 1996: The Haunted Land by Tina Rosenberg
  • 1997: Ashes To Ashes by Richard Kluger
  • 1998: Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond
  • 1999: Annals of the Former World by John McPhee
  • 2000: Embracing Defeat by John W. Dower
  • 2001: Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan by Herbert P. Bix
  • 2002: Carry Me Home by Diane McWhorter
  • 2003: A Problem From Hell by Samantha Power
  • 2004: Gulag by Anne Applebaum
  • 2005: Ghost Wars by Steve Coll
  • 2006: Imperial Reckoning by Caroline Elkins
  • 2007: The Looming Tower by Lawrence Wright
  • 2008: The Years of Extermination by Saul Friedlδnder
  • 2009: Slavery by Another Name by Douglas A. Blackmon
  • 2010: The Dead Hand by David E. Hoffman
  • 2011: The Emperor of All Maladies by Siddhartha Mukherjee
  • 2012: The Swerve by Stephen Greenblatt
  • 2013: Devil in the Grove by Gilbert King
  • 2014: Toms River: A Story of Science and Salvation by Dan Fagin


In-Universe Examples:

Comedy
  • A Steven Wright joke:
    "Imagine Pulitzer Prizefighting. Just two writers beating the shit out of each other."

Comic Books
  • Peter Parker (Spider-Man) won a photography Pulitzer for his book Webs.

Film
  • The backstory to Superman Returns reveals that Lois Lane won a Pulitzer for her feature "Why the World Doesn't Need Superman".
  • Man of Steel has Lois mention that she's a Pulitzer winning reporter. Her boss retorts "Then act like it!"
  • Shock Corridor is about a reporter who gets himself committed to an insane asylum so he can report from the inside, expressly to win a Pulitzer.
  • In the film version of Elmer Gantry, the cynical reporter trailing Sister Sharon's revival campaign is described as a Pulitzer winner.

Literature
  • The Moreau Factor is about a journalist who once won a Pulitzer but has fallen into hard times and alcohol abuse.

Live-Action TV
  • In the first-season finale of Covert Affairs, CIA agent Henry tells Liza the reporter that he wants to get her a Pulitzer.

Visual Novel

Web Video
  • One episode of The Hire has a photographer winning the Pulitzer for his photos exposing the crimes of a corrupt government.

Western Animation
  • Jay Sherman of The Critic was specified as a Pulitzer Prize winner. The episode "Eyes on the Prize" features Jay getting nominated and going to the Pulitzer ceremony. (See also the example listed for The Simpsons below.)
    Jimmy Breslin: Tonight, we will honor the greatest writers in America with a modest 9x12 certificate and a check for three thousand dollars. Three thousand dollars?! Stephen King makes that for writing "Boo" on a cocktail napkin!
  • On the episode of The Simpsons that featured a crossover with The Critic ("A Star Is Burns"), Jay is identified as a Pulitzer recipient. Jay says that he and Eudora Welty are the only Pulitzer recipients to also win a burping contest.
  • South Park episode "Fourth Grade" revealed that Mr. Garrison won "the gay Pulitzer Prize" for his first novel—much to Mr. Garrison's consternation, as he refuses to admit he's gay.


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