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Anime & Manga
- In Ayane's High Kick, the eponymous protagonist dreams of becoming a professional wrestler and eventually winning the women's world title.
- Grappler Baki, in which professional wrestlers are up there with the rest of them. That said, the realness or fakeness of wrestling is evidently a matter of what promotion you're with - it's said that Mount Toba, a champion of "show wrestling", once wrestled in companies where the fighting wasn't fake. In any case, wrestlers are depicted as legitimate combatants; Mount Toba nearly kills Baki even though he hasn't been in a real fight for a very long time.
- In the Kinnikuman anime, wrestling is not only Serious Business, it's used to determine the fate of the world.
- Special A
- Tiger Mask is the Trope Maker for this in manga.
- Averted in School Rumble, but unfortunately Tenma isn't aware of that. When she offers to take Karen's place in her scheduled Greco-Roman Wrestling match against exchange student Lala Gonzales to allow Karen to go on a date, she shows up wearing a goofy mask and gets rapidly wrestled to the ground and painfully pinned by the unamused Lala while she desperately reaches for a non-existent rope.
- At the same time, slightly played straight; while both Karen and Lala are Greco-Roman wrestlers, Lala was trained in the traditions of lucha libre by her father (which has nothing to do with Greco-Roman wrestling) and Karen uses a frankensteiner to counter Lala's lariat during the knight's battle at the athletics festival (both of which are pro-wrestling moves).
- In Karate Shoukoushi Kohinata Minoru Pro wrestling is shown to have moderate to high effectiveness in this series. However, as this manga focuses mainly stand-up martial arts, like kickboxing and karate, it is usually used with or like a stand-up martial art. there have been a few Pro Wrestlers shown in this manga: The first wrestler introduced was a hardcore wrestler, Bad News Shiratori, in a Karate tournament against Minoru. While he was slower and had poor defence, his toughness to injury developed wrestling allowed him to keep fighting. The next wrestler introduced was the Cacao Kid Kurokawa, who is also the prsident of an adult movie company. His first appearance was in a pro wrestling match against Shiratori, where he countered his lariat with a high kick. Later on he showed skill in ground fighting and pinning during a shoot, getting the mount position. He was later shown to be quite durable, being able to take kicks from Minami Hiroki, and set him up for a spinebuster.
- Street Fighter has it both ways; R. Mika's actual wrestling matches (i.e., the stuff that happens off panel) are scripted, while Zangief is baffled by the concept and has never heard of such a thing before. This has roots in Street Fighter canon; the series takes place in the same world as the Saturday Night Slam Masters games. Not only is wrestling real, but Zangief's old sparring partner Biff Slamkovich is upset that some people think it isn't.
- In the later Super Street Fighter comics, Zangief, R. Mika, and Mike Haggar are on the Olympic Wrestling Council. Or, more accurately, they are the council.
- Or in short, some wrestling federations are scripted and some are real.
- In the later Super Street Fighter comics, Zangief, R. Mika, and Mike Haggar are on the Olympic Wrestling Council. Or, more accurately, they are the council.
- Both WWF and WCW had licensed comics at one point that depicted their product as real; WWF's was published by Valiant, while WCW's was by Marvel Comics. Later, Chaos! Comics would acquire the WWF license, and began publishing comics featuring WWF wrestlers in their kind of stories (such as "Stone Cold" Steve Austin as a rebellious anti hero battling a corrupt corporate executive, and The Undertaker being the focal point of a power struggle in Hell).
- And let's not forget the Ultimate Warrior's miniseries, though fuck if anyone knows what actually happened in it.
- In Marvel Comics, wrestling is usually depicted as real. There are two notable examples:
- When Spider-Man first got his powers, he entered a wrestling tournament and beat a wrestler by the name of Crusher Hogan. Interestingly enough, Hogan came back years later, publicly stated that wrestling was fake, and that he purposefully threw the fight to Spidey. Though there have been stories that shown that wrestling is as scripted as it is in real life, like the Crusher Hogan story co written by real life pro wrestler Scott Levy, better known as Raven, though it also states that his fight with Spidey was a shoot.
- During The Thing's run in his '80s solo title, Ben was the champion of the Unlimited Championship Wrestling federation, which was full of fellow super-powered competitors in real fights. One of the notable characters to debut during this time was Vance "Justice" Astrovik. By the UCW's most recent appearance, however, they've switched to scripted matches and primarily employ non-powered wrestlers — though guest commentator the Thing and manager Deadpool were forced into a real battle against a wrestling-obsessed Galactic Conqueror.
- Antarctic Press' Gold Digger has it both ways with the "Ultimate Fighters' Federation"; the matches are all unbooked Mixed Martial Arts-style fights, but the contestants do take part in storylines and maintain kayfabe about their ring personas.
- Super Pro KO, which takes inspiration from Kinnikuman (without the whole "superhuman" angle, though). It's also somewhat notable in that while the fights are unstaged, wrestlers still have angles and scripted rivalries — you know, to keep it interesting.
- Sensacional de Luchas uses this, and pretty much every comic of this type that doesn't will make the wrestlers into superheroes outside of the ring.
- La Mano Del Destino justifies this somewhat by explicitly taking place in an alternate universe. At least, more explicitly than most — the setting not only features lucha libre as 100% real, but popular on a level unheard of in reality.
- In Just Imagine Stan Lee Creating the DC Universe, Wayne Williams, a.k.a. Batman, is a pro wrestler — the Batman identity even originated from his ring persona. Though the first time he's seen watching wrestling he calls it a "phony crock", once he's in the business it's depicted as totally real; Batman wins all his matches due to his strength, speed, and determination, and he has a reputation as a legitimate tough guy outside the ring.
- The Powerpuff Girls story "The Trouble With Bubbles" (issue #18, October 2001) had Bubbles running away from home after being scorned upon for missing her cue in a battle against a monster caterpillar with a wrestling motif. The caterpillar turns into a butterfly and proceeds to mop the floor with Blossom and Buttercup. Bubbles returns home to retrieve her toy Octi and sees her sisters getting pummeled. Feeling she's needed (the Mayor even says without Bubbles, her sisters and Townsville are doomed), she flies off to the rescue, with the news reporter stating the only hope left is "that wrestling is fake."
- A Mickey Mouse Comic Universe story has Mickey investigate a group of wrestlers for a series of thefts. It's quickly made clear that the matches are worked... But the wrestlers have legitimate skills, as the police learns the hard way when the culprit is unmasked as one of the wrestlers and he starts mowing them down with ease until the other wrestlers, that Mickey had in the nearby room just in case, enter the frame. And the one who was beating up the cops was a skinny cruiserweight.
- The Wrestler, the original 1974 movie of that name, which was produced by Verne Gagne and starred Ed Asner, Elaine Giftos and Verne Gagne. It portrayed wrestling as a real sport, and featured a scene where a wrestler died after a top-rope kneedrop from Ray "The Cripper" Stevens.
- Nacho Libre, although the movie is (loosely) based on the true story of Fray Tormenta.
- The Hulk Hogan film No Holds Barred.
- Played with by Hulk Hogan again, in Rocky III. Rocky and Hogan's character Thunderlips are having a boxing vs. wrestling match for charity. Rocky figures they'll both go easy in the ring and script a fun show for the audience, but Thunderlips immediately goes nuts and starts legitimately kicking Rocky's ass all over the arena. Rocky has to take his gloves off and fight bare-knuckled to get on an even footing with the rampaging wrestler.note Then, after the match, Thunderlips is gracious and friendly. Rocky is puzzled and asks him what just happened, and Thunderlips implies that he fought for real to protect Kayfabe.
- Mr. Nanny also works the same way, as it's mentioned that Hogan's character was blackballed from wrestling for refusing to take a dive,note and the villain is the shady promoter who saw him ousted from the wrestling business.
- ...All the Marbles portrayed women's professional wrestling as being real (outcome not predetermined, both participants trying to win).
- Any of the Mexican wrestling films of the 1960s and '70s, starring real wrestlers like El Santo, who have to use their wrestling skills to save the world.
- The first Spider-Man film also depicted wrestling as real as a direct adaptation of his origin story. In that world, Spider-Man beat a wrestler named Bonesaw McGraw, played by Randy Savage. This is based on the real tradition called "hooking", in which a wrestler who actually is a skilled fighter is advertised as taking on anyone who cares to try their luck with a large cash prize on the line, and proceeds to mop the floor with the rank amateurs who come gunning for the prize while making the matches look more even and dramatic than they really are in order to entice more suckers — err, contestants to step up, pay their entry fee, and try to win. Frequently there would be some plants in the audience who were actually in on the scam and would win the cash prize in scripted matches, so as to further the impression that winning was actually possible. It was so named because each actual wrestler involved would have a "hook", or a simple submission hold they could quickly execute to end a match in seconds if it stopped going his way. Hooking isn't generally practiced in the post-kayfabe era, but was done recently enough that some of its practitioners, the most prominent of which is WWE wrestler William Regal, are still active in the business today.
- Ready to Rumble double subverts this: while the main characters insist "Wrestling is not FAKE!!!", everybody else around them knows it is, including the wrestlers. However, their favorite wrestler, Jimmy King, actually did get screwed in real life (in a manner reminiscent of the Montreal Screwjob), and the movie ends in a giant schmozz of a shoot fight (inside a steel cage, no less).
- Arn Anderson's autobiography is written as if wrestling were real - talking about the time the Four Horsemen ambushed Dusty Rhodes in a parking lot and broke his arm, for example - but modern wrestler autobios are more true to the business.
- The Fabulous Moolah's autobiography didn't break kayfabe. Much of it had to do with the considerable amount of skeletons in her closet, many of which were not a matter of public discussion until after her death.
- One Fall is a rare fictional example. Much of the conflict in the book takes place in the ring and is entirely genuine, but that is only because both the hero and villain wrestlers in the climactic match were forced by circumstance to go into business for themselves, making the entire match "off script".
- The WWE Encyclopedia also never breaks kayfabe, and then some (The Undertaker really is undead, for example). This even extends to having separate entries for distinct wrestling personas who were portrayed by the same person. (A notable exception is their admission that "Giant Machine" really was André the Giant wearing a mask, although that doesn't really count as a breach of kayfabe because the similarity between the two characters was pointed out in-universe as well.)
- Averted in Artemis Fowl: The Atlantis Complex, when Butler tracks down Juliet at a wrestling match. Butler notes that all of the moves would be worthless in a real fight. The match between Juliet and her opponent Samsonetta has preplanned moves between the two, and Juliet's acting as the face while Samsonetta is the heel (although those specific terms aren't used).
Live Action TV
- An episode of Quantum Leap in which Sam leaps into the body of a wrestler playing an Evil Russian; in this episode, it's confidently declared that wrestling actually is staged - except for the title matches, and Sam and his partner's refusal to take a dive in a tag-team title match is the main conflict of the episode.
- In one episode of The Incredible Hulk David had a job as a trainer/medic at a pro wrestling arena. The wrestlers got along with each other well enough, but inside the ring it was all real.
- Tagteam, a Pilot Movie that was picked up but then canceled the day before shooting the first post-pilot episode. Jesse Ventura and Rowdy Roddy Piper play two wrestlers who refused to take a dive in a match so they were blackballed from the business. The eventually become cops and now They Fight Crime!.
- Little House on the Prairie: In the 1979 episode "The King is Dead," the sport's early carny origins are exposed, although in the climatic scene the champion wrestler in this episode — an aging athlete suffering from heart failure — defeats a loudmouthed challenger using his own, legit athletic skills (putting the arrogant challenger in a legit bearhug and refusing to let go until the mouthy youngster passes out); he dies shortly after winning the match. The champion wrestler's manager, played by Ray Walston (of My Favorite Martian fame) is named Jimmy Hart ... the real name of a young musician who would become one of the best-known WWF personalities in the 1980s and 1990s.
- Rumor has it that Bonanza (Michael Landon's previous series) had a script featuring professional wrestling in development before the show's sudden cancellation in 1973.
- The A-Team: The 1985 episode "Body Slam" starred Hulk Hogan in a plot that made heavy use of Hogan's wrestling career (including footage from a 1984 match vs. Greg "the Hammer" Valentine, presented as legit), and featured several WWF faces as un-billed extras in a scene where they fight off that episode's villains. In the segment featuring the Hogan-Valentine match, the ending is altered to show the bad guys entering the arena to confront and assassinate Hogan (don't worry, they're stopped in time).
- In season four of Boy Meets World, Cory has to be in two places at once, and one of those places is ringside, giving tips to Vader as a favor to Vader's (fictional) son Frankie. Everyone, including Vader, treats the match as entirely real.
- Xena: Warrior Princess portrayed professional wrestling as real, however there was at one episode that involved a fake wrestling match Xena was trying to pass off as a real competition.
- The Baywatch episode "Bash at the Beach", which guest stars Hulk Hoogan and several other WCW profiles of the day as themselves, implies this to be the case.
- The Walker, Texas Ranger episode "The Avenging Angel" portrays wrestling as a legitimate, high-stakes sport, to the point where the titular wrestler is killed for refusing to throw a championship match.
- Naturally, this trope's use in wrestling itself kind of exists as a separate category. One can say that the entire show is "Pro Wrestling is Real," since that's what they're going for in the program. However, since we now live in an age where everyone knows wrestling is staged, there are sometimes slight references to the line between fiction and reality within the show itself. One example can be a shirt that Mr. Anderson used to wear which said "Pro Wrestling is Real." on the front, and on the back read: "People are Fake." Talk about reality.
- A similar example was the name of Mick Foley's book, Foley is Good: And the Real World is Faker Than Wrestling.
- Satoru Sayama's company is called "Real Japan Pro Wrestling". While it has sometimes included MMA and martial arts bouts in its cards, it mostly works with shoot-style pro wrestling.
- Lucha Underground works on the premise that everything you see is real, with the understanding that it's not a "wrestling show", it's "a show about wrestling" that tells a dramatic Urban Fantasy story. That's why the roster can include a former US army black-ops sniper gone rogue, a female snake-themed international jewel thief who is actually the queen of an ancient aztec tribe, a Triad princess out to avenge her murdered parents, a spaceman who can not only fly but travel through time, a walking avatar of death who becomes more powerful every time he returns from beyond the grave, a phoenix-man with the power of a thousand lives within him, an actual dragon in human form, a hulking man-monster possessed by an Aztec god of slaughter, and Marty "the Moth" Martinez.
- Fabulous Moolah, who was mentioned above under the Literature section, once did an interview on a radio show. She talked about the storylines she'd been in as if they were real, and eventually admitted that she found it very difficult to break kayfabe in the first place let alone do an out-of-gimmick interview.
- The Shadowrun supplement Shadowbeat described wrestling as real in a retrospective on sports in the Sixth World. It's unclear if the writers were taken in by Kayfabe, if they'd opted not to spoil the ruse for believers, or if wrestling actually is for real in the alternate universe where Shadowrun takes place.
- The XWF (eXtreme Warfare Federation) in Aberrant has its history in Professional Wrestling and uses most of its tropes. Despite this, it's a shootfight league. While the storylines and angles are usually made up, the matches themselves are real combat. (Well, mostly. Some of the lower-rung fighters aren't really the superheroic novas the league promises, so while they're not faking, the outcome is never in doubt. And sometimes, even the top tier stars decide to throw a match for their own reasons.)
- The WWE video game series has run up against this, especially as their aim became "replicate what is on TV every week as closely as possible". The developers have addressed this in interviews, explaining that matches where everything you do hits for 5 minutes, and then you spend 5 minutes helpless on the mat, and you keep swapping until someone hits their finisher and automatically wins simply wouldn't be very fun. They've basically had to throw up their hands and simulate pro wrestling as though it was a legitimate competition, but everything else was the same.
- Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door: Mario enters a fighting arena called the Glitz pit to compete for the crystal star affixed to the Champ's Belt, possessed by the egotistical Heel Rawk Hawk. The whole flavor of the promotion is based on pro wrestling, but the damage and the competition are real, and the promoter Grubba only gives you a different set of win conditions for each match, such as 'the audience wants to see you do this', or 'you're not allowed to use this type of attack'.
- Rumble Roses features a villain who plans to use a pro wrestling tournament to take over the world.
- Wrestle Angels
- Masaru's chapter from Live A Live is a great example of this.
- A weird example in Pro Wrestling. The fighting isn't staged, but then you learn the wrestling company you're working for is aware they are in a video game.
- Saturday Night Slam Masters
- Frequently this is the case in the fighting game genre as professional wrestlers are commonplace entrants in the various tournament (which is to say that they know that their moves are capable of doing real damage and thus can use it as a legitimate fighting style). The UDON Comics Street Fighter series plays with this. Pro wrestling is real, but the elements that back it (such as kayfabe, selling, etc.) are also accounted for, which confuses Zangief when he wrestles R. Mika. She uses chairshots and low blows, all the while congratulating Zangief on his ability to sell but in truth she's actually hurting him and by the end, he's battered and beaten while wondering how this is "pro wrestling".
- Skullgirls takes it Up to Eleven. Not only is pro wrestling a legitimate combat sport in the Canopy Kingdom, but wrestlers involved in it (such as DLC character Beowulf) also try to convince their fans that the whole thing is staged when they're outside of the ring, effectively inverting kayfabe.
- In After the End: A Crusader Kings II Mod, characters who subscribe to the Sacred Heart religion can choose El Santo as their patron saint. Devotees of El Santo can follow in his footsteps, donning a mask and stepping into the wrestling ring to do battle, but this is centuries after the concept of kayfabe, and the luchadores fight for real.
- One of the gangs in Saints Row: The Third is a group of masked wrestlers called the Luchadors. Their leader, Eddie "Killbane" Pryor had a falling out with his tag team partner, Angel de la Muerte and unmasked him out of jealousy. The annual wrestling event, Murderbrawl, is very real.
- The round-robin story Magical Troubleshooting Crossover Fighting Federation ULTRA starts with the premise "what if all our favorite anime (and other fiction) characters were the stars of a pro wrestling tournament ... and the fights were not staged (also, Kasumi Tendo is God)."
- Many e-feds (essentially a combination of professional wrestling RPing groups and story contests) consider it bad form to have your character treat wrestling as fake.
- DSBT InsaniT: This is discussed by Seth, Whitney, Dave, and Spoon in 'Store Story'.
- One of the early cartoons satirizing the sport was the 1951 Bugs Bunny cartoon "Bunny Hugged". Bugs has to use his wits (and several conveniently available contraptions) to eventually upend the arrogant champion.
- ¡Mucha Lucha! is definitely on the "supernatural" side of things, with moves that involve shapeshifting among many others.
- In Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Fast Forward, pro wrestling has become a legit sport. However, being from the past, Raphael is unaware of this and treats it like its all a show, at least until he gets his shell kicked by a disgruntled wrestler.
- Played with in Futurama, where the Robot Wrestling League is completely scripted, but kayfabe is still intact and very few people outside the industry realize that it's scripted. Bender then rebels when the script calls for him to start losing, so it becomes a real match—except Bender's massive, invulnerable opponent is being remote-controlled by a martial arts master, so Leela has to beat up the robot's controller. Leela wins her side of the fight, but Bender loses when the deactivated Destructor falls on him, pinning him to the mat for a three-count. Also, when fry finds out the truth, he says "I thought Robot Wrestling was real like Pro Wrestling, but it turns out it's fake like boxing", though that's probably just Fry being an idiot.
- The Rugrats episode "Wrestling Grandpa", being mostly from the babies' POV, has this trope in spades.
- Animaniacs had an interesting example. It was clearly shown that was fake (taking in only Dr. Scratchansniff). However, when the good doctor yelled "It's not FAKE!!!!, the wrestlers, only hearing the "fake" part, promptly pulled him up on stage, gave him a very real beatdown (thus convincing the Warners it was real), and then continued with the match.
- The Simpsons: The episode "Gorgeous Grampa" (in which Grampa Simpson turns out to be an expy of WWE Hall of Famer Gorgeous George) reveals that Mr. Burns believes that wrestling is legit.
- Pretty much the entire episode of "W.T.F." in South Park revolves around a coach trying to show people what real (ie classical style) wrestling is, but people keep mistaking that as gay porn.
- The Flintstones
- This was played with in one episode where Barney tried to earn money in a "hooking" event; Wilma and Betty found out about it and paid the wrestler and his manager to go easy on Barney, only to be double-crossed. After poor Barney was carried out, the two very angry ladies quickly confronted the two crooks, Betty knocking the wrestler out cold (he obviously had a glass jaw), giving Wilma the opportunity to threaten the manager, telling him they'd tell everyone Betty had knocked out his client unless he ruled Barney the winner on a technicality. As you might expect, he wasn't about to argue...
- Zig-zagged in The Flintstones/WWE Stone Age Smackdown! (yes, it's a real thing), where Fred insists his wrestling promotion isn't dangerous because it's "entertainment" and "a show", and tries to encourage his stable of faces to pretend to be deadly rivals. Double Subversion: It doesn't really work until the heels show up and everyone starts actually fighting.
- Subverted in the "Mad Dog Hoek" episode of The Ren & Stimpy Show. Ren thinks being a pro wrestler is going to be a piece of cake and they can't lose because "we are the good guys." Ren & Stimpy suddenly find themselves on the receiving end of what appears to be a very real beatdown or so it seems until their opponents throw the fight. Turns out Pro Wrestling is fixed, but the pain is real and our heroes had no idea what they were getting into.
- This seemed to be the case on Celebrity Deathmatch whenever someone from the WWE appeared, very much in-character to his or her on-screen persona. (Steve Austin actually killed Vince McMahon in this version.)
- In Avatar: The Last Airbender, there are strong hints that the Earth Rumble Earthbending tournament is fixed and that many of the benders' personas are kayfabe. It's unclear whether Toph knows that her matches are scripted or not, because she's so powerful that she might not even notice if her opponents were really fighting back or not.
- Subverted in the Kim Possible episode "Pain King vs Cleopatra." Wrestlers Pain King and Steel Toe are first shown to be bitter rivals, but it's quickly revealed to be just an act and the two are actually good friends behind the scenes. Later in the same episode, after a monster attacks the wrestling arena, they both explain that they don't actually know how to fight when asked to help (though they end up helping anyways).
- Most detractors of pro-wrestling seem to assume that everyone who likes it thinks that it's 100% real, which seems to stem from the idea that "If you know wrestling is fake, why do you watch it?" (see this page for the common answers), with the most common retort to it being, "If you know [insert TV drama here] is fake, why do you watch it?"
- Contrary to popular belief, pretty much all fans of professional wrestling realize that it is technically "fake," but still enjoy it in spite of that (or perhaps because of it in some cases). Max Landis does offer the retort that professional wrestling is still probably way more real than a lot of other entertainment sources, given that even if the wrestlers are enacting a fictional storyline, they're also doing things like performing really dangerous stunts on live TV in front of millions of people. Plus, there's a lot of training that goes into performing those stunts, and all that training is pretty hard on a person's body.
- The history of pro wrestling is shrouded in kayfabe, but the general consensus is that pro wrestling was originally a real sport: catch wrestling, which was invented in Lancashire, and matches were attractions at British seaside piers and fairs that spread to American carnivals. It's believed that wrestling became staged to provide a spectacle that was more entertaining and profitable than a real fight (more specifically, matches ended too quickly compared to boxing) but no one knows exactly when. All that's certain is that, at some time and in some place, pro wrestling was indeed real.
- Hooking scams were common during the carny days of wrestling, and even in isolated pockets afterwards. A wrestler would challenge members of the audience to a match, with a small amount of money required to compete and a much larger sum as a prize, much like boxers sometimes did. Usually, the first match would be against a plant in the audience who would fight the wrestler almost to a standstill, or even win occasionally, creating the illusion that it was possible to beat him. Any member of the public who got in the ring would be put in a simple submission hold, or "hook", for the three count and sent on his way. These could be considered "real" professional wrestling matches.
- In the Western world, wrestling has a stigma as a "fake" sport, meaning that fans of legit martial arts and combat sports like boxing or MMA, or even non-combat sports like football, look down on it and its fans. In Japan, this stigma does not exist, and the line between "real" MMA and "fake" wrestling is blurred. Shoot and worked matches often appear on the same card and are treated with equal respect, and some of the worked ones are executed in a manner which makes them hardly or even fully indistinguishable from shoots. Given that the Japanese MMA were created by pro wrestlers, and that consequently their companies did retain part of their catch wrestling ancestry, it can be safely said that in Japan, pro wrestling is sometimes real.
- If the founders of the NWF told the truth in the documentary about their promotion, their title matches were unscripted because they believed that was how it was done in the other professional leagues.