Platform Game
aka: Platformer
"There's a lot of... *wheeze* running and... *wheeze* jumping, isn't it?"

For many years, the dominant form of console video game. The Platform Game or Platformer is a subgenre of Action Game characterized by gameplay dominated by leaping over or onto enemy characters and between platforms of varying heights. As a rule, Player Characters in a platformer are able to jump very high and, are usually able to change direction in mid-air. Bottomless Pits and other kinds of pit traps are common hazards. Climbing, swinging, and other acrobatic maneuver may also utilized to get around. In the traditional 2D platformer, play progresses from left to right, though many of the older games only allowed movement in one direction.

Some early proto platform games were Frogs (which included jumping, but no platforms) released for the arcades in 1978 and Space Panic (which had platforming, but no jumping), released in 1980. Donkey Kong, which was released a year later, put those two things together, and Jump Bug added side scrolling to the mix. The first game widely considered to fit this format is Pitfall, but the genre gained its widest acceptance with Super Mario Bros. 1 in 1985.

Super Mario Bros. popularized the idea of defeating enemies by jumping directly on them and many other platformers have followed suit. However, the presence of this trope isn't necessary for a game to be considered a platformer as games such as Metroid, Jak and Daxter, Ratchet & Clank, Castlevania, and the Mega Man series are still characterized as platformers because they have a dedicated jump button and jumping is still a large part of the gameplay.

Games where the player is given a firearm and emphasis is put on such weapons are known as "run-and-gun" games, with some famous examples being Contra and Metal Slug. Although they are often associated with the Shoot 'em Up genre, the player is still bound by gravity and often jumps across platforms, so they are still platform games in a strong sense of the word.

3D platformers are almost always rendered in the third person, as with Super Mario 64 and Crash Bandicoot (1996), but Metroid Prime and its sequels are considered by many to be hybrids of the 3D Platformer and the First-Person Shooter (with Metroidvania elements, of course). The only straight first-person platformer series are Jumping Flash! and Mirror's Edge.

Like most game genres, platformers are steadily evolving with the times; they started as linear obstacle courses, but gradually became less linear, with multiple level paths, playable overworld areas, and/or map screens with different routes; eventually, the genre even began taking inspiration from Action-Adventure games, creating the Metroidvania genre. The jump to 3D brought the 'collectathon' sub-genre popularized by Super Mario 64 which featured non-linear open worlds with a greater emphasis on exploration. The first few were fine, but gamers eventually began to get sick of this. As a result, "collectathon" titles began waning in popularity. As of right now, the genre is in a weird stage of either being based on particular gimmicks, or going back to its roots - in particular New Super Mario Bros. and LittleBigPlanet are generally credited with reviving the 2D platforming genre. The former became puzzle games of a sort (eventually becoming prevalent enough to be considered a sub-genre), and the latter tend to be more linear, pure platforming challenges, and spawned the Platform Hell phenomenon. 2D platformers are still being made, due to their accessibility and ease of programming, as independent PC titles, web-based Flash games, and for the various handheld console platforms and cell phones.

Subgenres include Cinematic Platform Game (which has a more realistic style), Platform Hell (which is really, really freaking hardnote  - no, seriously), Elimination Platformer, and Puzzle Platformer (which combines elements of Puzzle Games).

Games in this genre:

    open/close all folders 

Early Platform Games

    Single-Screen Levels 

    Limited Scrolling 

2D Platform Games

    2D Platform Games 

2.5D Platform Games

    2.5D Platform Games 

3D Platform Games

    3D Platform Games 

Alternative Title(s): Platformer