[[quoteright:350:[[Literature/HandOfThrawn http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Gavrisompellaeon.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350: The Chief of State of the [[TheAlliance New Republic]] and the Supreme Commander of the [[TheEmpire Imperial fleet]] call off the war. [[PuttingOnTheReich Guess which is which]].]]

Wars don't all have to end in a grand FinalBattle. In fact, if the combatants both KnowWhenToFoldEm, they can end the war without either side being crippled or annihilated.

Basically, two deadly enemies have a sit-down discussion, usually in neutral territory. The talks may be of vital importance: if they fail, a war on hold may restart or a new one may begin.

Since not everyone is interested in peace, someone will probably try to sabotage the talks- usually with a FalseFlagOperation. Sometimes the more evil side just wants access to the other side's leadership, but typically peace talks are a good sign that [[WhiteAndGreyMorality neither]] [[GreyAndGreyMorality side]] is entirely evil, and both are in fact fairly reasonable.

Of course, [[ViolenceIsTheOnlyOption sometimes the peace conference is a trap]], and the villains have no intention of negotiating in good faith; merely in luring the opposition into a place where it can be stomped out for good.

This trope also encompasses arms control negotiations and longer-lasting talks. While there's some superficial resemblance to a HostageSituation, the two tropes really aren't related.

If the conflict lasts long enough, a third, neutral party may be required to ReconcileTheBitterFoes. [[ManipulativeBastard Manipulative]] characters may take this chance to pull a GenghisGambit, causing both sides to put off their differences in the face of some new threat. Hardliners may conspire to sabotage the conference as a PretextForWar.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* These are repeated several times in ''Anime/TurnAGundam'' by Dianna Soriel and Guin Lineford, only to fail each time as different factions sabotage them. Eventually they're abandoned when it's revealed factions on the moon have turned against Dianna, which rather sinks the chances of permanent peace until that's taken care of.
* In the backstory of ''MobileSuitGundam'', the Antarctic Conference was held after the utterly disastrous opening week of war between the Federation and Zeon, which had a death toll in the billions due to rampant use of chemical and nuclear weapons on both sides. Though it started out as peace negotiations, it later turned to arms reduction, and eventually culminated in the Antarctic Treaty, which had several major tenets: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical weapons were not allowed, Zeon was not allowed to ColonyDrop Earth, prisoners of war were to be treated humanely, and the Side 6 colonies were officially neutral territory.
** Degwin Zabi, sovereign of Zeon, attempts a peace talk with the Federation near the end of the series, as he's tired of the war and has lost two of his children to it. The peace talks end in failure when both parties are vaporized by Gihren Zabi's WaveMotionGun.
* A successful one happens in ''LightNovel/HighSchoolDXD'' where angels, fallen angels, and devils formed a peace treaty with each other and is known historically as the "Kuon Treaty", named after the academy that they were at. Unforunately, there's a certain group that doesn't want in on the peace treaty because either a) they still want to continue the ForeverWar, and b) the old generation doesn't want to recognize the new generation as the leaders.
* ''TransformersArmada'' has one of the most odd cases. At the start of the first ever Autobot-Decepticon alliance. [[BigGood Optimus Prime]] and [[BigBad Megatron]] meet at a peace conference and shake hands to commemorate the alliance, along with several other Autobots and Decepticons (who have mixed feelings about said alliance).
--> '''Cyclonus''': Ha! I can't believe I'm fighting for harmony! What a load of bunk! I'm a lean, mean, fighting machine! [[AxeCrazy Hahahaha!]]
--> '''Side Swipe''': I gotta work with this guy? I'm not so sure about this.
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[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The description of this trope could perfectly serve as a description of the Khitomer Accords between TheFederation and the Klingons in ''Film/StarTrekVITheUndiscoveredCountry'' and the backstory to ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''.
* ''Literature/TheMouseThatRoared'' - the Duchy of Grand Fenwick, having declared war on the U.S. for the express purpose of being defeated and showered with reparation money, finds themselves winning, by seizing an ultimate nuclear weapon. The peace terms with the U.S. representative include having a California winery cease producing a cheap rip-off of their chief export pinot (their reason for going to war), a request for a million dollars in aid (the U.S. rep protests that they may have to settle for a billion, not a paltry million, but the Fenwick rep reminds him they won), and a proposal that the bomb be held by the little countries of the world as leverage against the superpowers going to nuclear war.
* The climax of ''Film/SherlockHolmesAGameOfShadows'' revolves around the heroes trying to stop an assassination at one of these at Reichenbach, organized to deal with the political crisis created by [[BigBad Moriarty's]] acts of terror. But their actions [[spoiler:[[ForegoneConclusion merely ended up delaying]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne The Great War by twenty-odd years]]]].
* In ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast'', Mystique plans to murder Trask during the signing of the Paris Peace Accords.
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[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/ClearSkies'' is about a plot to disrupt a [[EVEOnline Gallente-Caldari peace conference]], [[spoiler: by crashing a Titan into the space station it's taking place on]].
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[[folder:Literature]]
* At the beginning of ''Literature/TheSixthBattle'', peace negotiations between the ANC and South Africa's apartheid government are seriously disrupted when extremist whites fly two remote-controlled Cessnas filled with explosives into the building holding South Africa's Parliament, killing F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela. Pretoria guesses correctly that when the talks later appear to be making progress, the [[strike:Soviet]] Eurasian-supported Front Line States will launch an attack.
* TimothyZahn's ''HandOfThrawn'' duology had, as one of a great many plot points, the [[FourStarBadass Supreme Commander]] of the [[VestigialEmpire Imperial Remnant]], Pellaeon, realizing that the only way what [[TheRemnant was left of the Empire]] would survive was if they signed a peace treaty with the New Republic. Of course some of his people resisted, leading to about three-fourths of the events of that duology as they kidnapped his diplomatic envoy, sent pirates [[FalseFlagOperation masquerading as New Republic forces]] to attack him, and decided to make it look like the greatest military mind the galaxy had known was BackFromTheDead and didn't want the war to end. Eventually, Pellaeon prevailed. And it worked, even if there were still factions that refused to accept this.
* Preventing one of these from happening between Manticore and Haven is a major plot point in ''[[Literature/HonorHarrington At All Costs]]'' and the failure of the previous one is the major reason for the resumption of hostilities in ''War of Honor''.
** Also featured prominently in ''Mission of Honor'' and ''A Rising Thunder'', though it's not quite as formal as most. [[spoiler:And by "not quite as formal" we mean "the President of the Republic of Haven shanghaied most of her Cabinet and paid an unannounced call on the queen of Manticore". Yeah.]]
* Subverted in a short gag in ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy1'' with G'Gugvuntts and Vl'hurgs - they only appear in the midst of the conference, and, inspired by the words of Arthur Dent traveling through a freak wormhole, decide to form an alliance against Earth. They fail to reckon scale into their strategy, and thus [[spoiler:their entire fleet is swallowed by a small dog]].
* ''Literature/StarTrekForgedInFire'' features a conference between the Klingons and the Federation, although this is a few years before the ''successful'' conference at Khitomer. Some ground work is laid here.
* Toward the end of Literature/BelisariusSeries. In this case it was in a weird way a PeaceConference between allies; in a way. TheEmperor of the Malwa had recently overthrown the one who had started the war and was simply clearing up loose ends. Thus in the [[EnemyCivilWar last campaign]] he actually had been an ally. In the peace conference the new emperor was giving himself a reasonable sized empire to begin his dynasty with, and letting his empire's former enemies worry about dividing the {{Plunder}}, a straightforward job for the most part as most of them just kept what they had conquered except for a massive palace with a hoard so big that it would inevitably be an object of interimperial rivalry if any one kept it. This problem was solved by donating it all to charity.
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[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' did this twice in the Pertwee era:
** "The Mind of Evil" has the Master hijacking a chemical-armed missile aiming to use it on a world peace conference.
** That conference didn't work, as another one was held a year later to stop a situation turning into WorldWarThree. In "Day of the Daleks," a bomb going off starts that war and leads to the Daleks taking over Earth, which was what some guerrillas have traveled back in time to prevent by killing the man they thought was responsible. [[spoiler: He wasn't and by blowing up the conference themselves, they caused their own problem. The Doctor is able to prevent this from occurring.]]
* As stated by the opening ''Series/BabylonFive'' was designed to be a place for settling disputes diplomatically. It didn't go so well.
* The end of ''Series/{{Farscape}}: The Peacekeeper Wars'' has one take place between [[spoiler:the Sebaceans and the Scarrans aboard ''Moya'']].
* The original ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|Classic}}'' opened with a peace conference intended to end a thousand-year war between the human Twelve Colonies and the Cylons. [[spoiler: For anyone who a.) hasn't seen the original ''Battlestar Galactica'' yet b.) nonetheless cares about spoilers, the "peace conference" is really an evil and almost entirely successful plot by the bad guys to lure the good guys into a trap and wipe them out.]]
** The [[Series/BattlestarGalacticaReimagined new one]] starts with something similar, but different: The Colonies and the Cylons had an Armistice Line, and an agreement to meet once a year on a little station on the line where representatives of each side would presumably sit across a table from one another, stare at each other for a while, and then go home. This arrangement is remarkably similar to the arrangement for the Panmunjom Conference between the US-led UN coalition and North Korea set up at the end of UsefulNotes/TheKoreanWar and has been going on continuously ever since (see RealLife, below). Except...the Cylons don't send anyone. Ever. No one has seen the Cylons presumably since the peace agreement 40 years before the series begins. [[spoiler:Eventually, the Cylons walk in one fateful meeting and shoot the Colonial representative, starting the war.]]
* The final season of ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'' revolves around a UN-sponsored peace conference to end Kamistan's nuclear weapons programme.
* Babel One in ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'', the peace negotiations between the Tellarites and Andorians which mark the first step towards TheFederation.
* In ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers'', Jason, Zack and Trini were written out of the show by being sent to a Teen Peace Summit. "Sent to a peace conference" proceeded to become the production team's euphemism for what we call being PutOnABus.
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[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* The Galactic Summit Event card in ''TabletopGame/StarRealms''. While it doesn't end the game, the Event does provide 8 [[HitPoints Authority]] to all players.
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''CommandAndConquerGenerals 2'': Most of the world's politicians and diplomats [[http://www.gamespot.com/news/command-and-conquer-generals-2-coming-from-bioware-victory-6347422 go to]] one of these... And [[WarOnTerror thanks to terrorists]], [[BoardToDeath they don't come back]], leaving the eponymous [[TyrantTakesTheHelm Generals to seize control of all the nations.]]
* ''SuikodenIII'' opens with a cease-fire agreement being negoiated by the Grassland Clans and the Zexen Confederacy, while the Holy Kingdom of Harmonia is waiting for a secret treaty to ''expire'' so they can launch a new offensive. Needless to say, since this is the ''start'' of the game, the treaty meeting doesn't go well.
* ''{{Killer7}}'' states at the beginning that the first appearance of the Heaven Smiles were at a World Peace Conference. The video accompanying it shows one of them detonating during a signing ceremony.
* In the Soviet campaign of RedAlert3, [[spoiler: Cherdenko]] uses one as a trap to [[spoiler: decapitate the Allied leadership]].
** One mission in the Allied campaign in the Yuri's Revenge expansion to Red Alert 2 centres around a peace conference between the Allies and the Soviets, with the aim to stop shooting at each other and focus on shooting at Yuri's forces. Despite Yuri's attempts to interfere or taking advantage of most world leaders being gathered in London, it succeeds.
* In AdvanceWars 2, [[spoiler: Adder]] uses one as a trap against Yellow Comet's commanders. [[HonorBeforeReason Kanbei]] insisted on at least hearing [[spoiler: Adder]] out, despite Sonja's objections.
* The intro to ''{{Starlancer}}'' shows the Coalition and the Alliance meeting for peace talks, when the Coalition reveals it has brought a cloaked armada and proceeds to wipe out a large chunk of the Alliance SpaceNavy. Despite this, the war lasts nearly a century.
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI'', after some Espers destroy the imperial capital Vector, TheEmpire invites [[LaResistance The Returners]] to offer a cease-fire and invite them to help negotiate with the Espers-- a peace conference to set the stage for another peace conference. [[spoiler: This turns out to be a trap for the Espers, which leads in to the second half of the game.]]
* Used in ''WargameEuropeanEscalation'', at the end of a campaign which proposes that West and East Germany went to war over the defection of Werner Weinhold. The final mission involves holding off a Warsaw Pact attack on a NATO salient, with a timer ticking down until a ceasefire agreement in signed. The Pact forces bring out one last offensive push as the timer goes to zero--only for the negotiations to deadlock and the mission to continue for a few minutes more!
* ''VideoGame/StarTrekOnline'':
** Episode "From the Ashes", mission "Turning Point". The Federation and Klingon Empire meet on Khitomer to decide whether they're going to grant political recognition to D'Tan's Romulan Republic movement. The Tal Shiar, StateSec to TheRemnant of the Romulan Star Empire, tries to sabotage the conference and frame the Republic as untrustworthy. Thanks to Republic Commander Temer JumpingOnAGrenade to [[HeroicSacrifice save Klingon Ambassador Woldan]], [[NiceJobFixingItVillain the attempt backfires]].
** Mission "Surface Tension". In the face of the Undine stepping up their war on the Alpha and Beta Quadrant superpowers, culminating in a massive offensive against Earth and Qo'noS, the Federation and the Klingon Empire declare an armistice, ending the war that had [[AbortedArc supposedly]][[labelnote:*]]The war basically vanishes from anybody's minds after the "Klingon War" and "Warzone" episodes and they're doing TeethClenchedTeamwork almost every time they meet up after that.[[/labelnote]] been going for the last five years straight.
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The peace talks between the Earth army and the Brain Balls of ''{{WesternAnimation/Futurama}}'', headed by Henry Kissinger and Bender of all people/robots/severed heads. It was actually a ploy by Nixon and Brannigan, unknown to the negotiators, to use Bender as a bomb.
* In ''WesternAnimation/SpiderManTheAnimatedSeries'', Chameleon tries to disrupt the singing of a peace treaty between two long-warring nations.
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[[folder:Real Life]]
* The UrExample (in the West at least) is the Congress of Westphalia of 1648, where all the princes great and small involved in the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar got their heads together to end both this war and the EightyYearsWar. In the process, the Congress defined the concept of state sovereignty and declared {{pira|te}}cy universally illegal, giving any country the right to try any pirate it caught.
* The next few centuries were peppered with peace conferences, the most famous being the Congress of Vienna (1815) to end the [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleonic Wars]], the Congress of Berlin (1878) to [[BalkanizeMe reorganize the Balkans]], and the Paris Peace Conference (1919) to end UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne.
* Since the Big One at Paris, these aren't so common; the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations more or less exists to serve as a permanent peace conference. However, some important ones occurred after the TheGreatPoliticsMessUp (the 1995 one at Dayton settling the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the 1993 one at Oslo between the [[ArabIsraeliConflict Israelis and Palestinians]] being the most notable).
** One problem with the "permanent peace conference" idea was that such conferences generally occurred after wars between the Great Powers. However, the founding of the UN came alongside the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, which brought with it [[NukeEm the ultimate]] [[UsefulNotes/NuclearWeapons deterrent to war between the Great Powers]]. The UN has since turned its attention to other endeavors, some successful (e.g. many of its humanitarian programs), some disastrous (e.g. the Iraqi Oil for Food program in TheNineties), and some more mixed (e.g. peacekeeping).
* In the United States, the best known are the Panmunjom Truce talks during the UsefulNotes/KoreanWar which led to the cease fire; and the Paris Peace Accords which ended the direct American involvement in the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar. Neither one has good connotations for Americans. As pointed out in ''Series/{{Mash}}'', the Panmunjom talks spent years arguing on the shape of the conference table (which was a RedHerring for the real issues). The Paris Peace Accords were quickly broken by North Vietnam, which attacked and defeated South Vietnam.
** The Panmunjom talks are perhaps the oddest peace conference (not a grammatical error, there were a lot of talks for one official conference) in history. The talks were started on a cease-fire, so technically North Korea and the U.S. led U.N. coalition are still at war. Every month the two delegations meet and just stare at each other for two hours. Occasionally there's an incident or an attempt for diplomacy.
** One of the funniest parts of American Military History is reading about the talks, though it is black humor since so many people died during the arguments. Basically, if one side did anything out of the ordinary, like bring a little flag to the talks, then the other side would immediately one-up them, to the point where the flags [[UpToEleven became bigger than the meeting rooms]]. The Chinese representative also became famous for being able to simply sit without movement for hours, even letting a fly crawl across his face.
* The 1998 talks at Stormont Castle in [[UsefulNotes/NorthernIreland Stroke Country]] that led to the Good Friday Agreement, bringing an end of the worst of UsefulNotes/TheTroubles.
** And then, because Sinn Fein and the DUP are assholes (or extremists, or principled, or whatever you like), the whole thing broke down ''again'', requiring another conference and another agreement at St. Andrews (in Scotland; and yes, it's the place with the golf course) in 2006.
* In a way RealLife peace conferences are theater because the negotiations all took place beforehand. No head of state can politically afford to come to a PeaceConference without returning with a treaty so doing negotiations in person hurts a head of states bargaining ability. Therefore proper peace conferences should be done secretly and the alleged PeaceConference is only to solemnize it with a lot of pomp.
** This is a lot truer today than it was in the past, primarily because of increased speed of communication. The aforementioned Paris Peace Conference actually got a great deal done; while telegraphs could send messages quickly, they were useless for negotiation, and the only way to cross long distances was by ship or train. Now, with telephones, airplanes, and (increasingly) the Internet, settling things beforehand is much easier, and you can ensure that the underlings who are doing it stick to your policy (rather than have to show up in person if you want to get anything done your way).
** The nuclear negotiations in Geneva in November 2013 between the representatives of the US, UK, France, Germany, Russia, China (collectively the P5+1) and Iran are a rare case in the modern world of the actual official conference between high-level officials (foreign ministers) being where the actual deal was made. This was necessary in part because the backchannels are not as strong between the US and Iran as they are in many cases, and in part because this conference was as much a trust-building exercise as an attempt to resolve substantive issues (the actual agreement set up a temporary freeze on Iranian nuclear activity in exchange for easing of sanctions and a commitment to further talks). The negotiations were largely secret, but cameras were allowed in every now and again; they revealed the negotiations were being held in the most ordinary-looking hotel conference room ever, the result of a double-booking. Seriously--the delegations were reduced to eating takeout because the hotel was overcommitted on catering the other event (the Iranians opted for Iranian food from a local restaurant that did delivery, while the Americans and Brits apparently split pizzas).
* According to one version of the story, Henry Kissinger, during the Yom Kippur war was disappointed to get a message from Nixon telling that he spoke with the President's authority. The reason was that he wanted enough ambiguity to prolong the PeaceConference and give the Israelis time enough to get their {{Revenge}} before the war stopped.
** More specifically he wanted the war to end in a condition where both sides had shown enough badassery to neither feel humiliated or feel overarrogant toward their rival. While it sounds and is [[{{Realpolitik}} a rather gruesome sort of logic]], in Israeli-Egyptian relations at least it more or less [[TheExtremistWasRight worked]] as planned; there is peace if not friendship. With the Syrians (who pretty much got their clocks cleaned) not so much, though at least they haven't challenged the Israelis in a conventional battle since then.
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