Our Orcs Are Different

"Wesnoth Orcs are brown; a portrait showing them as green is inconsistent."
Artistic Guidelines for Contributing Artists from the open-source game Battle for Wesnoth

Ever since Tolkien, the worlds of fantasy literature and video games have been overrun with tribes of ugly, bellicose humanoids, whose main purpose for existence is to serve as the Mooks of the Forces of Evil. Trolls, goblins and/or hobgoblins (and such) are usually also closely associated with them, or may just be different names for the same thing.

The word orc comes from Old English and shares linguistic roots with ogre, borrowed from French. Both terms are related to the Latin Orcus, the name of an Etruscan/Roman god of The Underworld which came to denote the place itself (like Greek Hades). Later, Orcus was glossed as a term for a demon or hell itself. Thus, the Old English word orc, as attested by medieval glossaries - as well as cognates in other languages like French ogre and Italian orco - denoted a kind of demon or monster. However, the only appearance of orc in surviving Old English literature comes from Beowulf in the form orcnéas, "demon-corpses", sometimes translated as "living dead" - ghouls, perhaps? Orcnéas are said to be evil creatures descended from Cain, together with eotenas (giants), ylfe (elves) and gigantas (giants, again, so eotenas is sometimes translated as ogres or trolls). note 

In modern fiction, Orcs come in two general flavors: the original model developed by J. R. R. Tolkien who borrowed the word from Beowulf and used it for his version of goblins, and the model best exemplified (but far from invented) by Blizzard Entertainment's Warcraft series, which is a subversion of the former.

Often overlaps with Pig Man; the pun on "pork" is linguistically coincidental. Often the "adopting" parent when a child is Raised by Orcs.

Tolkienesque or "traditional" orcs:

Top: Orcs from The Lord of the Rings
Bottom: Orks from Warhammer 40,000

  • Are Always Chaotic Evil. Tolkien's Orcs are of debatable morality; while not "peaceful", their actions are mostly driven by their fear of Sauron or Morgoth.note 
  • Often have pig-like snouts or upturned noses that resemble pig snouts. (Sometimes taken one step further by actually giving them pig heads, like in early editions of Dungeons and Dragons.) May have tusks. This is likely drawn from the fact that "orc" is Welsh for "pig", and Welsh was the inspiration for Tolkien's Sindarin.
  • Are of varying colors; ranging from sallow to gray to red. Green is not unknown, though generally not the vibrant green of "Blizzard" orcs (Dungeons and Dragons orcs are grayish-green).
  • Are most likely to be Faceless Goons/Mooks.
  • Are carnivorous or hypercarnivorous, often cannibalistic.
  • Are dumb, though this is a case of Flanderization: Tolkien's Orcs did have superior technology matched or exceeded only by the Numenorians and Dwarves, and possibly the greatest of the Elves.
  • Have little or no culture outside of raiding/war parties and worshiping gods of war or the local Evil Overlord.
  • Related to the above two points, they tend not to invent anything, but steal/corrupt things others have made.
  • Usually have oppressive, patriarchal societies, with females being treated as property, provided if female orcs are shown or mentioned. In Tolkien, female orcs were never shown or discussed, though it seems they must have existed. It's possible that orcs in this case exhibit no sexual dimorphism, and so males and females could not be distinguished without taking a look under the hood. The film bypassed this by having the Uruk-hai created whole from the earth.
  • Are oftentimes made solely as artificial creatures rather than reproducing naturally, thus explaining the aforementioned lack of females. LOTR implies that Morgoth created them as "a mockery of the Elves".
  • Are of variable strength and size, shorter than humans or elves but taller than dwarves.
  • May or may not have a British cockney accent (as popularized by LOTR and Warhammer 40,000).

Blizzard-style or "revisionist" orcs

Top: Thrall, the most prominent exemplar of this type, from WarCraft
Bottom: An Orsimer from Skyrim

  • Are a Proud Warrior Race with an extensive honor system. They've been referred to as "green Klingons" in the past. Their honor system may be inspired by the Japanese, the Norse, or other "warrior" cultures.
  • Have intelligence on par with humans and other races (though other races might not see it that way). Their technology and magic might even be on par with humans and elves, though their magic will be more shamanic than arcane, and their technology will be more "earthy".
  • Have an animist religious structure.
  • Are more likely to be omnivorous.
  • Are more likely to have cities or settlements beyond war camps, although other races will likely still consider them barbaric and primitive.
  • Are more likely to have females portrayed, gender equality or even female leaders. Although sexual dimorphism does exist, Orcish women are expected to fight to exactly the same degree as men, and usually also have the same degree of martial ability. More fearsome females may exemplify the beastess trope.
  • Are far more likely to have a more fully fleshed-out culture than Tokienesque orcs. But unlike other races, they rarely have a direct real-world counterpart, but are instead a mishmash of various tribal cultures, although most can be summed up as Proud Warrior Race Guys.
  • Have green skin and tusks, and are physically similar to (some) trolls from European folklore.
  • Have simian rather than porcine features (though this varies by setting), and they aren't necessarily outright repulsive. They can even be attractive, with the women shown as Amazonian beauties and the men burly and ruggedly handsome.
  • Are larger than humans and nearly always stronger. An Orc will be probably about 6-8 feet tall, and much more stocky and robustly built. Limbs are close to a foot thick. Competitive Balance usually ensures that this does not make them superior to other races in battle: elves are still much more agile and attuned to nature or magic, dwarves have comparable strength, toughness and superior equipment, and humans, well, are jacks of all trades with something intangible but special about them.
  • Are vastly more likely to be protagonists or at least supporting characters as opposed to rank-and-file Mooks.

It's worth mentioning that the actual Blizzard orcs were originally fit the Evil Mook (if still Villain Protagonists) template of "Tolkien" Orcs in the first Warcraft game. They gained more depth in the second game, becoming leaders of a "barbarian coalition", bringing Laughably Evil Goblins and vengeance-driven Tragic Monster Trolls in the second game. After the destruction of the war machine that was the Orcish Horde, the Orc were put into human internment camps, as prisoners, but gained their freedom and eventual redemption in the cancelled Adventure Game Lord of the Clans, the story of which formed the basis of a novel and later incorporated into the backstory of Warcraft III. According to some, the first Warcraft game began as a Warhammer adaption that Blizzard was making before the license was rescinded. This may or may not be true, but the first Warcraft game Orcs were quite similar to the Orcs introduced in Warhammer.

Although the two interpretations differ significantly, they broadly share both a monstrous, primitive appearance and conflict with humanity and the other Five Races. The author's choice of which model to emulate usually depends on whose perspective the story is written, the story's relative position on the Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism, and whether or not the author intends to explore ramifications of killing sentient beings. In any case, expect humans to treat revisionist orcs as if they were Tolkienesque orcs, at least initially. Yrch!note 

Small, cowardly Orcs are not unknown. The original Tolkien orcs seem a good deal shorter and less powerful than humans, but this is less popular these days. More recent Orcs (especially the Blizzard kind) tend to be bigger, tougher and much stronger than humans (and thus more like Tolkien's Uruk-hai than the original model), raising questions as to why humans are the ones in charge in the first place, although this point may be explained with the fact that humans have more friends and things like castle walls and wealth.

Goblins were originally conceived by Tolkien to be simply an alternate name for Orcs, or rather he used Orcs as an alternate, preferred name for Goblins. However, modern fantasy usually portrays them as a smaller and often smarter variant, or something else altogether.

In modern fiction, "orc" is sometimes spelled as "ork", both to make the orcs that much more different and for Xtreme Kool Letterz appeal. For whatever reason, 'orc' is usually the spelling in Medieval fantasy, while, 'ork' is the norm in modern or futuristic settings (See Warhammer vs. Warhammer 40,000). Long before this, the form "orke" appeared in early modern English during the Renaissance period, perhaps influenced by the French "ogre". Tolkien considered spelling it "ork" late in his life, but never got around to revising his published stuff for it.

Strangely, orcs are probably the only race that everybody but Tolkien fleshed out. For the Elves and Dwarves, Tolkien could name every ancestral relative of the character, every king, describe their culture and what they had for breakfast, but nearly everybody just rips off the surface features, leaving it at that way. The orcs, however, Tolkien just left as mindless pawns for the Big Bad, and it's everybody else who tries to expand on them and give them some form of culture. Though it's arguable that the Tolkien orcs are literally mindless pawns, having no self-direction whatsoever once Sauron's will is withdrawn. But again, Tolkien didn't really work these things through. Even Tolkien's origins for them remained somewhat vague and inconsistent, though interestingly the moral and religious ramifications of living beings meant he was willing to entertain the idea that orcs could theoretically be decent (or at least fight against evil), they just never made it into the story.

On the other hand, the conversation between Gorbag and Shagrat, two orcs of different (and being orcs, in some ways rival) bands on the steps of Cirith Ungol in The Two Towers, shows that Tolkien's orcs have a moral sense, or at least a warrior code, though they notably fail to apply it to their own actions. Shagrat explains to Gorbag that Shelob's venom is a knock-out drop, not deathly poison, and they both condemn the "Elvish Warrior" who they believe has left Frodo to be eaten alive by Shelob at her leisure. What a disgusting thing to do to a companion in arms, they agree. In explaining this to Gorbag, Shagrat reveals that he and his band have done that exact same thing to Ufthak, an orc under his command. So orcs do have a moral sense, of a sort, but they just don't use it.note 

In a final note: while these two camps are sometimes well defined in many cases it is more of a sliding scale, such as the 40K Orkz who while mostly being in the first category are actually Chaotic Neutral and also serve as the immune system of the galaxy. Warhammer orcs by contrast are nearly at a midpoint between the two styles, which should surprise no one since they may have been the keystone in the arc of the shift between them. Indeed, Orcs with exclusively bright green skin, rather than the varied browns, greys and olives of Tolkien's Orcs, were a Warhammer invention, thanks to certain miniature painters in the early days of the game choosing to paint the skin of their Orc models a consistent green color for effect, and this scheme becoming so popular it was adopted as part of the background. To this day, Warhammer uses the term "greenskins" as an alternative catch-all name for Orcs, Goblins and related species.


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    Anime and Manga 

    Board Games 
  • The Brigands in Dark Tower, although bearing antlers and beaks, clearly serve the function of Tolkienian orcs.

    Comic Books 

    Fan Works 
  • In The Last Ringbearer, orcs avert and invert stereotypes of them - here, Mordor is a higly advanced civilization, with constitutional monarchy, universities, beautiful art and high scientific achievments, and they are destroyed by barbaric and genocidial hordes of humans and elves.

  • Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit naturally adapted "Tolkienesque" orcs to serve as mooks for Sauron, as well as the uruk-hai (an advanced breed of orcs) to serve as Elite Mooks for Saruman.
  • WarCraft, being based on a game made by the Trope Codifier of Blizzard-style orcs, obviously has a multitude of examples of the latter type. There's a lot of women, orcs have friendships, families, a Code of Honour and sacred traditions. Orc protagonist Durotan is treated as just as important as humans and questions the actions and motivations of Gul'dan, the Sorcerous Overlord who commands the Horde.
  • The Gamorreans of Star Wars (appearing in Return of the Jedi) are brutish, strong, green, pig-snouted and tusked, matriarchal, violent brutes with low intelligence.

  • In NERO orcs are green and tusked. Half-Orcs generally look exactly like orcs but can be PCs. Whether they are of the Tolkienian or Blizzard variety seems to vary from tribe to tribe.

  • J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings is, of course, the Trope Maker. Although the orcs are cannibals in The Film of the Book, accusations of cannibalism are actually seen as a grave insult, demonstrating that Even Evil Has Standards. Ironically, Tolkien's orcs are described as actually of human intelligence (making "no beautiful things, but many clever ones"), at least insofar as it comes to weaponry, and as a devout Catholic who believed all beings could be redeemed their Always Chaotic Evil status was something Tolkien could never quite make up his mind on; while no "good" orcs appear in the story, the possibility is never quite ruled out (Tolkien's orcs descend from corrupted elves, at least according to one Multiple-Choice Past, so some Tolkien fans speculate that an orc that wasn't Always Chaotic Evil might stop being an orc.) Not to mention there is a very specific passage in The Fellowship where Elrond states that (paraphrase) "during the last battle, all living things were divided between whether they fought for Sauron or freedom except for the elves". This would require there to be a tribe or clan or something of orcs who weren't dicks, at least at one point in time.
    • Tolkien’s Orcs were actually a very diverse lot, and numerous varieties were around during the War of the Ring, largely as a result of the various dark lords breeding them like livestock to suit their needs. To wit:
      • Firstly, there were the goblins of the Misty Mountains, sometimes referred to as northern Orcs or “Northerners”. They’re generally assumed to have descended from the survivors of Morgoth’s First Age armies, who fled beneath the Misty Mountains following their lord’s defeat. They’re usually described as smaller than other kinds, possibly from having lived underground and on their own for so long, possibly from their ancestors not being as “refined” for war as later breeds.
      • The Orcs of Mordor, also called Black Uruks or just Uruks note , were the “main” breed of Orcs during the War of the Ring, large and strong and ferocious. Sauron bred them during the late Third Age from the remnants of Morgoth’s armies, in order to obtain a superior fighting force.
      • Then there were the Uruk-hai, more-or-less explicitly created from crossbreeding Orcs and Men and created by Saruman as elite soldiers. They were larger than other Orc types, and more upright and humanoid — the other Orcs were usually described as hunched over and ape-like. They did not fear the sun (most of Sauron’s and Morgoth’s creatures could not stand sunlight and did not travel by day) and were usually described as being better-organized and more dangerous foes than “common” Orcs.
      • There were also several lesser Orcs in Mordor and Isengard, usually referred to as “Snaga” (meaning “slave” in the Black Speech). These appeared to be used for labor and garrison duty, and were sent out to war when soldiers were particularly badly needed.
      • Finally, a specialized breed of small Orcs known as “snufflers” appeared to be meant to act as trackers, possessing a highly developed nose and sense of smell. Only one snuffler is seen in the books, in the service of Mordor.
    • It should be noted that, by and large, these types of Orcs disliked each other almost as much as their foes, with the resulting frictions between the Isengard, Mordor and Misty Mountains Orcs causing conflicts more than once. For instance, Merry and Pippin were able to escape being taken to Isengard largely because the Orcs that had captured them, who were split between Uruk-hai and Mordor Orcs, were unable to control their mutual animosity and turned on each other in a squabble over authority.
  • The Ur-Example is the original Orks, which was the word for "Boar Monster" in an ancient mythology. Very few Orcs ever look anything like Boar Monsters, possibly except the huge fangs.
  • Also before Tolkien were the "swine-things" of William Hope Hodgson's The House on the Borderland: evil pig-men with glowing greenish skin, that ate their own dead and were even more bestial than Tolkien's orcs, going naked and sometimes running on all fours. Call them "proto-orcs", maybe.
  • Urgals in the Inheritance Cycle start out looking like Tolkien orcs, but it's revealed in the climax of book one that they were under mind control by the Shade Durza. In book 2, they prove to be more civilized and honorable than they originally seemed, and ally with the Varden against Gallbatorix. They do not have tusks, but have fur and horns, and also come in an oversized variety called Kull.
  • Grunts! by Mary Gentle portrays orcs in a sort of middle ground between the two. The Orcs of Grunts! exhibit most of the characteristics of the classic "Tolkien" orc; carnivorously cannibalistic, porcine of face and nose and have a wide range of skin colors (from black to albino white, with shades of brown, green, and gray in between). They don't really have much interest in things outside of raiding and doing the bidding of the Nameless and the Dark Lord, until they come into contact with the cursed modern weapons, which upgrade them from pure evil mook status.
    • And a copy of Das Kapital, which causes one to want to start a Communist Revolution. She even starts talking like Lenin.
  • Trollocs fill the role of Tolkien orcs in The Wheel of Time. They are portrayed as stupid, cowardly, and by the fourth book none of the main characters have any trouble with them. By Knife Of Dreams (book 11) they are really only a threat to Rand if there are tens of thousands of them, and even then the good guys suffer very little casualties. It is traditional for British reviewers to refer to such scenes as "a load of Trollocs". (They're described as Mix-and-Match Critters, having human and all kinds of animal features.)
  • A fantasy trilogy by Stan Nicholls called Orcs: First Blood embodies this trope. It tells a fantasy story in which a unit or Orc grunts are the protagonists, participating in a war in which they have no investment and fighting for a leader they don't believe in - their own commanders simply transferred their contracts to the Evil Overlord (actually an Evil Overlady). Unsurprisingly, they decide to Screw Destiny and stop being faceless mooks.
  • In the Thraxas books by Martin Scott, there's a people called Orcs who more-or-less fit the "Blizzard" category, but their skin is apparently a dark reddish shade, and it's never made clear just what differentiates them from humans. They're referred to as ugly, but Thraxas has a friend who's half Human, a quarter Elf, a quarter Orc ... and all gorgeous. There's also a half-Orc villain who's described as being rather handsome, making it an unresolved question just what's wrong with the appearance of the pureblood Orcs.
  • John Ringo's Council Wars series features Tolkien orcs created in a future Earth using genetic modification and nanotech. The 'orcs' are the villains' idea of Super Soldiers. It doesn't work out very well, because the orcs are too aggressive to organize or train efficiently.
  • The ogrilloi from The Acts of Caine are slightly closer to Warcraft Orcs, with the exception of the Black Knife tribe, who are the ogrilloi that other ogrilloi tell horror stories about and act like Tolkien Orcs on a real bad day. In Matthew Stover's novels, "orc" is an Earth word for the species they view as an Aktir pejorative; on Overworld they're informally known as 'rilloes or grills. Ogrilloi differ from the typical depictions of orcs in their physiology (namely their quadripedal lope, ridged back, and fighting claws).
  • The 1993 short story "The Only Good Orc" by Liz Holliday features an orc trying to get out from under the usual stereotypes.
  • David Weber
    • Hradani from The War Gods series would be either Dark Elves or Orcs depending on your viewpoint. 7 feet or higher, prone to rages, living in a tribal society, used in the past as cannon fodder by Dark Wizards. They fit the Blizzard mold by being a proud, honorable warrior race, and the Tolkien pattern by having been "twisted" in the last (wizard) war from being so very peaceful and even tempered that they were named for it.
    • Scrags are genetically engineered Tolkien Orcs working for Mesa in Honorverse except for one Amazon Brigade who are Defectors From Decadence and slip into Proud Warrior Race Guy mode.
  • Discworld's orcs first appear in Unseen Academicals, where Pratchett wonderfully deconstructs the Tolkienesque, Always Chaotic Evil orc. To everyone on the Disc they're terrifying bogeymen from an ancient war, remembered as the typical Tolkienian orc. However, as it turns out, orcs were genetically (or, well, magically) engineered from humans as tactically-minded, nigh-immortal killing machines. They were then horribly abused by their Sauron-ish creator and given no option but to kill. The humans who won the war and wrote the history didn't know or didn't care about that, and set about exterminating them all. Mr. Nutt, the only orc in the story so far, is actually extremely hard-working, highly skilled, and has memorized basically an entire library, but is crippled by a need to "achieve worth" - because he's an orc, and, well, see Discworld's perception of them. He is able to become cultured, intelligent etc because Children Are Innocent, no matter what species they are, and when Nutt was found as a seven-year-old chained to an anvil, Mightily Oats cut him free and sent him to Lady Margolotta for an education, instead of getting the terrible conditioning other orcs went through. Nutt may have grey skin, retractable claws and enough strength in his skinny body to shatter any chain that binds him, but damn if he doesn't talk posher than a wizard.
    • Interestingly, all of this is exactly the same as one of the conceptions Tolkien considered using for his Orcs (made from ruined humans, have free will, can turn good) but rejected (Tolkien had timing issues with orcs and the appearance of humans).
  • The Jaghut of Steven Erikson's Malazan Book of the Fallen series are orcs, albeit fairly peaceful ones who rarely organised for any real purpose, thus making them closer to Blizzard Orcs than Tolkien ones. Of course, the Jaghut are also hardly seen anymore, since they were hunted to near-extinction by the T'lan Imass. Plus, their "civilization" pre-dates that of humans by a huge margin, their knowledge and magic is vastly superior to that of humans as well. In fact,they are considered to be one of the four founding races. And far from being mooks, they can unleash enough power to freeze entire continents and can ascend to Godhood. Oh, and when jaghuts turn evil, they don't serve as chaotic evil cannon fodder of the local evil overlord, but they themselves become continental scale tyrants capable of enslaving entire races and of driving numerous species into extinction.
  • In The Stormlight Archive the Parshendi are of the Proud Warrior Race variety mixed with Blue and Orange Morality. Though they switch over to the Mook of Evil version when they assume a "form of power" and are possessed by Voidspren.
  • In Monster Hunter International the orcs are definitely of the Blizzard variety; they originated in Uzbekistan, but were transplanted to Alabama where they act as allies to MHI.
    • They also have a special ability that makes them each excel at a single skill. For example Skippy is the ultimate helicopter pilot while Gretchen is the ultimate healer.
  • In E.E. Knight's Age of Fire series, they are called blighters and, according to dragons at least, were the first sentient race. Dragons were in fact originally created to keep them from overwhelming the planet. They apparently once had a high-level civilization that dominated the other hominid races, but are now squabbling tribes that mostly fit the Tolkienian version of the race. That being said, they aren't Always Chaotic Evil, as the ones living in Old Uldam befriended by AuRon and Wistala at different points are still quite civilized and sophisticated to an extent.
  • The German Sci-Fi-Series Perry Rhodan gives us the alien race called 'Dscherro', which are blizzard-style orcs in all but name—green, stout, nomadic plunderers with foot-long horns on their heads. They invaded Earth at one point and laid quite the beat-down on the capital city of Terrania.
  • The koloss in the Mistborn books are a twist on this. They're enormous, blue-skinned, violent creatures who constantly grow throughout their lives until they become massive twelve-foot-tall beasts and die of heart failure. Their skin is loose and flabby when they're young but begins to stretch and rip as they age and grow larger. They also attack one another over the the most trivial things. It turns out that they are humans altered by having four "spikes" pounded into their bodies, which contain the power of hemalurgy, the Blood Magic of the Omnicidal Maniac god Ruin, which drives them into violent frenzies.
  • Jim Butcher's Codex Alera features the Canim, which have all of the Blizzard Orc traits except for green skin (being wolfmen instead). Until they get fleshed out in the fifth book, the Icemen have most of the Tolkien Orc traits with a layer of frost thrown over top. The Marat may also count, being "savage", physically powerful Neanderthal-descendants who bond with animals and periodically raid the outskirts of Aleran civilization — though they're only antagonists in the first book, and are firmly heroic in all the rest.
  • The Mutes in Patrick Tilley's Amtrack Wars series are mutated humans who have weird skin patterns and bony extrusions on their heads who fall into Blizzard territory but are regarded as Tolkienian by their enemies, the Federation.
  • The Orcs in Benjamin Epstein's Captive of the Orcs have inklings in both. No one kills more Orcs than other Orcs. And the combination of tribal wars mixed with an aggressive religion could conceivably lead to resembling the Tolkien Orcs, were they somehow able to unite under one banner.
  • In Richard Bartle's Learning to Live With Orcs, the orcs (along with fourteen other species like elves, dwarves, etc) are an offshoot of humans, but are neither Tolkienian nor Blizzardish — they're essentially lazy slobs (or so they appear at first). They resemble cats in that there ARE things they're good at — they're just not very interested. They have a complex social structure, are natural mathematicians, and drink a LOT.
  • The Yuuzhan Vong warrior caste from the New Jedi Order series are orcs IN SPACE! The other three major Vong castes (shaper, priest, intendant), who are less savage and more cunning, fall closer in many ways to Dark Elf status than anything, though, and the Vong's backstory confirms them as Space Elves gone bad. In any case, they follow a narrative trajectory somewhat similar to Blizzard's orcs, being initially portrayed as unrepentantly Always Chaotic Evil before being more fleshed out and finally doing a race-wide Heel–Face Turn.
  • The orcs from the Chronicles of Siala combine elements of the "Tolkien" and "Blizzard" elements, with a few twists. They're a Proud Warrior Race with a strong emphasis on personal honor, but are also high militarized with a bit of a fascist bent and consider themselves the Master Race because they are the "Firstborn", meaning the oldest intelligent race on the planetnote . They're very closely related to the elves, and unusually look very similar (both races have grey-brown skin, yellow eyes, and fangs - orcs are generally bulkier and have longer fangs, but it's often hard for outsiders to tell them apart at a glance). They're allied with the Nameless One, not because they're particularly loyal to him (after all, he's not an orc) but because they think he's their best bet for destroying their enemies, the elves and humans.
  • In S. M. Stirling's Change series the tribes of human cannibals that still exist (long after they've learned to find other food sources, they've turned it into a combination of ritual and sport) are referred to as yrch or orcs, especially by the Dunedain.
  • Tim Marquitz's The Blood War Trilogy stars the Grol as the primary antagonists, being basically orc-werewolves. Their usual Always Chaotic Evil status is subverted by the Tolen, who are the same race but lack all of their kinsmen's I Am A Humanitarian The Horde qualities.
  • The Sorceress's Orc parodies the Tolkien orc cliché; the humans believe that orcs are Tolkien orcs, little more than animals. This, however, is nothing but Fantastic Racism. The orcs are actually as intelligent as humans, and their culture rather superior to that in which the human protagonist lives.
  • Alan Garner called the svart-alfar into being for his novel The Weirdstone of Brisingamen. The name literally means dark Elves, but the underground creatures have far more in common with Orcs or Goblins. In the sucessor novel The Moon of Gomrath, the place of evil footsoldier is taken by the bodachs from far Albany: these are a more lizard-like sort of goblin, still humanoid and intelligent enough to forge metal and organise as war-bands. The concluding novel in the trilogy, Boneland, pays Homage to a well-founded theory that as newer sub-species of the human race arose, the predecessor races they co-existed with and then suceeded over inevitably became the goblins, dwarves and Elves of our legend.
  • In Victoria, "Orcs" is an in-universe term for roving gangs of black and Latino gangbangers who swarm out of the cities and terrorise the New England backwoods and rural communities inhabited by the white protagonists. Yeah...

    Live-Action TV  

    Tabletop Games 
  • Dungeons & Dragons follows the Tolkienian model closely, although the possibility of using orcs as a player race can lead to subversions on an individual basis. However, even as far back as Second Edition, D&D gave their orcs hints of the Blizzard model, including a shamanistic (albeit warlike) culture, and a more troll-like appearance. D&D may also be the first work that explicitly split orcs (large savages), goblins (small sneaks), hobgoblins (large troopers), and bugbears (large bullies) into separate races; in Tolkien, there were different strains of orcs with different traits, but they were still all one race. Earlier editions claim that orcs don't just have a warlike culture but are actually good strategists and tacticians (they are theoretically of human intelligence), but since almost everyone just had them as Stupid Evil berserkers anyway this detail was dropped.
    • Orcs in Eberron, on the other hand, are somewhat "Blizzard orcs," but somewhat fulfill the role of elves in other settings (Eberron elves are a Proud Warrior Race). They have little actual conflict with the other races, are the best druids in the setting (despite a fullblooded orc getting a Wisdom penalty) and actually have a sort-of company that finds Dragonshards - crystals that are essential to create magic items. Oh—and their shamanistic culture is responsible for keeping one type of Cosmic Horror from causing The End of the World as We Know It.
    • For the most part, the Forgotten Realms has followed the usual D&D variety straight, but it has been played with over time. The Legend Of Drizzt series eventually saw the founding of the Kingdom of Many-Arrows, a legitimately recognized orc kingdom founded by a Visionary Villain, Obould Many-Arrows. In 4th edition, the Many-Arrows kingdom had been enjoying a real peace with its formerly hostile neighbors for decades, implying orcs in at least that part of the world were finally climbing out of their Always Chaotic Evil niche... and then 5th edition came in and had Many-Arrows destroyed and orcs cast out again, with Salvatore's novels claiming the gods themselves had denounced Many-Arrows' existence as an aberration in the natural order that never would have worked...
      • Notably, Forgotten Realms started laying the ground work for their orcs to be portrayed as proud warrior race guys around the same time that Blizzard turned their orcs into PWRGs. Coincidence?
      • Back in the early 90s, before Warcraft I, the Realms had the metaplot result in a group of orcs (former Zhentarim mercenaries having been involved in an Enemy Mine against a massive Tuigan invasion) settling down in the realm of Thesk, on the eastern edge of Faerûn. Integrated into a civilized society, these orcs shifted away from evil and their warlike ways (so not fitting with either general flavour) and ended up as mostly Lawful Neutral (at the time orcs were usually Lawful Evil, and the Theskian orcs remained lawful as an artefact of that when most orcs became usually Chaotic Evil).
      • The Realms are also home to the Ondonti, a rare group of pacifistic Lawful Good orcs who prefer to tend their farms and mind their own business. They're believed to be descendants of orcs who were saved by the clergy of a minor goddess of peace and agriculture who chose a third option to the traditional Orc Baby Dilemma.
    • In the Spelljammer D&D IN SPACE setting there's a villain race called the Scro, who are tougher than normal orcs, and are also more "civilised" (i.e. "usually Lawful Evil).
    • D&D also had half-orcs, and introduced the idea that Orcs could breed with almost anything. Except elves, perhaps as a minor tweak to the Tolkien orcs. There were some releases of such breeding done in alternate sourcebooks, but these creatures were almost unavoidably insane from their conflicting nature.
      • Tolkien also had Half-Orcs - Saruman bred them at Isengard (also called "Goblin-men" and "Orc-men").
    • The D&D Adventure Drums on Fire Mountain introduced the kara-kara, a primitive race of green-skinned, island-dwelling orcs. Their primitive weaponry and garb are logical enough for humanoids living in such an environment. They also have afros.
    • Oddly enough, most D&D orcs forget the one serious piece of characterization Tolkien DID give them, and subsequently have orcs and elves participating in generational hatred, despite not having any overlapping territories, resources, or any other areas of common interest.
      • Except for Mystara, where the shadow elves abandon their deformed infants near orc settlements, and the unwitting orcs raise them as members — and often, thanks to their intelligence, leaders — of their tribes. This is part of a Batman Gambit by the shadow elves' patron Immortal, to try to breed a less evil variety of orc.
    • Also oddly, while orcs are iconic D&D monsters, they also seem to be viewed as a somewhat expendable race by writers of D&D settings. Both Dragonlance and Ravenloft lack native orc populations, although goblins are present in both these worlds.
    • According to the 3.5 Monster Manual, orcs have gray skin and like to wear bright colors, but this is almost never represented in illustrations; they're not even consistent within the same edition.
    • Pathfinder orcs seem to look more like the Blizzard variety. However, to say that they act like the Tolkien variety would be to vastly underestimate their sheer batshittery. They also have varying appearances, with different bloodlines with more or less human blood. Because of this, they vary between Beast Man and Green-Skinned Space Babe, depending on the individual. The upcoming book on their homeland, Belkzen, also promises to tone down the Always Chaotic Evil bit.
      • In Wicked Fantasy, a third-party setting for Pathfinder, orks were the standard Always Chaotic Evil raider race... until they decided that they hated it and murdered their malevolent creator-gods to try and forge their own path. Now, they've made a tentative peace with humanity. They're still war-like and rather creepy, with their religious philosophy about the value of pain, but they're not evil all the time anymore. Also, they weren't created by evil gods, but by a malevolent race of amoral scholarly Snake People called the Hassad.
    • Both Pathfinder and 4th edition have made significant changes to half-orcs. They've become better-looking (although those in Pathfinder still look rather like Blizzard orcs) and no longer have a intelligence or charisma penalty. Also, 4e chose to remove their traditional Child by Rape backstory. Pathfinder, on the other hand, chose to emphasize it.
  • Warhammer Orcs are exactly at the halfway point between the Tolkien and Blizzard models, being the intermediate stage from one to the other. They're more or less considered Evil, if only by their barbaric nature, the fact that they really, REALLY like fighting, and they don't quite get the concepts of "Non-Combatant" or "Innocent Bystander". Though this being Warhammer, the crapsackiest of all the crapsack worlds, the fact that they're not trying to either eat your soul or animate your corpse probably casts them in a somewhat sympathetic light. But at the same time they have the fleshed-out culture of the Warcraft style, although it's even more war-centered, and use Shamans. Additionally, the appearance of Warhammer's Orcs formed the basis of the appearance normally used for the Warcraft-style Orcs - green (though a now-obsolete colour sold by Games Workshop was actually called "Orc Brown"). Orcs (and Goblins) worship a pair of gods known as Gork and Mork, Gork(or possibly Mork) is described as "Cunningly Brutal", while Mork(or possibly Gork) is "Brutally Cunning". What this basically boils down to for the Greenskins is that one will hit you when you aren't looking, and the other will hit you really hard when you are; which god has which aspect is one more excuse to fight each other. And unlike Tolkien Orcs—whose evil nature and ability to Zerg Rush is only really stopped by their individual weakness—the Orcs here are towering and strong(like "Blizzard" Orcs). Fortunately, they have nowhere near the capacity to be as disciplined(most editions have the probability of infighting between or even within units written right into the rules) and technologically advanced as some of the other species.
    • In fairness, while they are much stronger than say, a baseline Imperial or Kislevite, they aren't quite as strong as Chaos humans from the North, who tend to be a demonic facsimile of the Vikings. Dwarfs also have them matched on the physical strength front.
    • Warhammer's Orcs are also a genderless race, with reproduction occurring by means of spores. Thanks to this, and in keeping with Warhammer's fairly universal no-hybrids policy, half-orcs are impossible. This was not the case in very early editionsnote , but the mature concept for the race very much puts them entirely beyond concerns of sexual reproduction (which is just as well, because that might distract from the important business of FIGHTING!)
  • Warhammer 40,000 uses Orks, which are Orcs from Warhammer IN SPACE with Funetik Aksents and Xtreme Kool Letterz. They have Mekboyz, who have an instinctive knowledge of technology, and a gestalt psychic ability that improves the functionality of many machines and can be channeled by Weirdboyz to more dramatic effects (long story short, Ork technology operates on Clap Your Hands If You Believe). Orks are extremely durable and persistent; because they reproduce through spores that fly off from their skin, ork infestations are hard to eliminate once they have set foot on a planet. Orks are genetically engineered to fight and win, and any ork that's not participating in a Waaagh! against aliens is probably participating in some intra-ork civil war. 40K is such a Crapsack World that, due to their straightforward attitudes, hooligan-style Funetik Aksents, and Insane Troll Logic, these bloodthirsty, amoral monsters are the comic relief.
  • Orks in Shadowrun tend to be more belligerent and not quite as bright as humans, but not to the same degree as Tolkienian orcs; more to the degree of the redneck shit-kicker one might meet in their local bar. Like all the other metahuman races except possibly elves, orks are also descended from humans, and thus show the full human range of pink-to-brown skin tones rather than the green skin typical of orcs. They do, however, retain D&D features such as tusks.
    • Also worth noting that in SR, Orks have developed their own culture and language which seems to draw many parallels with African-American & Hispanic "Gangsta" cultures. There are such things as non-orks embracing ork culture and becoming ork posers. Lacking the prettiness of the elves, the non-threatening appearance of the Dwarves, or the sheer scariness of the Trolls to keep people off their back, and the fact that they reproduce abundantly (twins and triplets amongst Orks being the norm, not the exception) ensures that the Orks get the worst of the Fantastic Racism, as they are often seen as threatening to take over Humanity's place due to their expanding numbers.
  • RPG creator John Wick created a small-press RPG titled Ork World in direct rejection of traditional tropes about orcs. The orcs of the RPG are a peaceful, tribal society who are slowly being hunted to extinction by imperialistic humans and elves.
  • In the Swedish fantasy RPG Eon, Orcs, (3 different sub species: Gûrd, Tirak, Trukh) while being based in a culture of might-makes-right, are not evil, though they are often brutish. One clan of these Orcs is even assimilated into human culture and behaves like the culture they're part of. The barbarian might-makes-right clans, while being brutal, are also among the forefront opposers to all things demonic.
  • Orcs in the Fighting Fantasy gamebook series generally adhere to the Tolkien model of orc, although they have a few notable differences. Fighting Fantasy orcs are known for being able to eat almost anything, including, wood, rocks, and metal, although they prefer fresh meat. They also stand out due to their violent team sports, such as a variation on volleyball where the players of the losing team are eaten by the winners, or a variation on rugby played with a live slave at the ball that has no restrictions on play, often turning into a bloodbath as a result.
    • One notable exception is Daggers of Darkness (set in an area with a Mongol-like culture) in which Orcs appear to have near-human intelligence and mingle freely with humans; some are servants of the Big Bad, but there's also one illustration (opposite section # 346) which shows Orcs mixed in with the human warriors of one of the villages you visit.
  • In the German RPG The Dark Eye, Orks are smaller than humans, but stronger. They are covered in black fur (Blackpelts) and have tusks. Normaly nomadic, they have begun building cities in recent years. Due to a coming choosing of a race that will govern a new age, they could overpower humans. They believe in Brazoragh, the god of males, power and war, and Tairach, the god of death and magic. Brazoragh killed his father Tairach, becoming the new godly chieftan. The orkish culture is just like that, constant fighting for the highest place. The only reason they have begun buidling cities, instead of killing themselves and everybody else, is their new leader, the Aikar Brazoragh (Chosen of Brazoragh): as strong as a giant (meaning amongst the strongest creatures on the planet), more magical power than three archmages and, being the sole chosen of a god, having more clerical power than all human high priests together. He had to beat every single chieftan though until his people accepted him as leader.
  • Two of the three Deadlands settings use orc-like characters. Surprised? In the Post-Apopalyptic Hell on Earth, the "Road Orcs" are a mutated band of road gangers who loot and plunder for fun and profit (think Mad Max with tusks). The Space Western Lost Colony has an entire alien race, the anouks. Peaceful, friendly anouks are technologically primitive, but shamanistic Proud Warrior Race Guys. Not so peaceful anouks typically don't think much of humans or their weaker kin. Because, y'know, a Space Western needs Space Injuns.
  • In the tabletop RPG Burning Wheel, Orcs are Tolkien style for the most part. The game plays up the brutal and vicious aspects of Orc society by giving orcs a 'hate' attribute. Orcs are more likely to be killed or maimed by another Orc than by their real enemies. Naturally, Orc campaigns mostly deal with power, treachery and deceit within a group of Orcs.
  • The orcs of Heroscape are Tolkien style, but are bright blue. And they ride dinosaurs.
  • Talislanta's Kang are Blizzard style, but are bright red. And much like Heroscape's orcs, they ride dinosaurs.
  • There are a few Orcs in Magic: The Gathering, mostly in early sets. They made a reappearance in the Khans of Tarkir expansion after being absent for about fifteen years.
    • Early orcs don't fit the Tolkensian archetype or the Warcraft archetype very well. Rather, they are sort of "goblins, but bigger." Their only distinguishing characteristic is their supreme cowardice; early orc cards were printed with abilities that made it difficult or impossible to force them into any combat that would kill the orc.
    • Orggs are a rare creature type created from the crossbreeding of orcs and ogres. They're characterized by their large and pointed ears, four arms and incredible stupidity.
    • Orcs on Tarkir are much closer to Blizzard's orcs. They are often found as warriors in the Mardu or Abzan clans.
  • In Chronopia the Blackblood orcs are a mixed between Tolkien and Blizzard-style orcs with Mongolian themes. They also specialized in Alchemy.
  • The closest thing to Traveller space orcs is the Ithklur. These are a reptilian Proud Warrior Race that serves in a Gurkha-like role to the Hivers. They have an innate love of combat in their psychology, but are not evil per se. Rather their hat is as a Boisterous Bruiser race.
  • Legend System: Hallow Orcs were originally the shock troops of chaos gods, kept stupid and unquestioning to serve their gods' purposes. Once introduced to Hallow, they were freed from their mental shackles and started their own (still militaristic) society, becoming Hallow's most prominent mercenaries. In other words: Blizzard orcs who were forced to act like Tolkien orcs for most of their history.
  • The roleplaying game Ork! has all player characters be Orks. In this game, the Orks are boar-faced, green and furred humanoids that usually go naked aside from armor they scrounge off of killed opponents (or each other). They live in tribes ruled by a Shaman and have strange biology - baby orcs burst out from growths on an Ork's body, a process known as "The Urg!", for instance. They are also mostly omnivores, but they explode if they eat Broccoli. Only their shaman is allowed to be smart and magical. As in; "If I catch you doing card tricks or not talking like you got hit with a shovel as a baby I will straight-out murder your ass." Orks aren't given a name when born, but have to earn them. Finally, they worship the local God of Evil, a deity that alternatingly grants them victory and punishes them for metely existing.
  • In Kings of War Orcs are typical evil barbaric green skinned savages. They're almost the same as the Orcs of Warhammer Fantasy.
  • While the Iron Kingdoms setting has no races actually called orcs, there are races that fit both the Tolkien and Blizzard models.
    • Trollkin have many elements of Blizzard orcs, being large, physically powerful creatures with a sophisticated tribal culture, a shamanistic religion, and history of being screwed over by other, more advanced cultures. They're significantly more Scottish than most orcs (or trolls, for that matter), though.
    • The skorne, meanwhile, are heavily based on Tolkien orcs, with elements of the Easterlings. Appearance-wise, they have the upturned noses, and human-like build of Tolkien orcs, and their culture is abhorrent to the other peoples of Immoren: They make extensive use of slavery and torture, to the point of having a dedicated torturer caste, and one of their models in HORDES is a baby elephant-like creature tortured into insanity so the skorne could weaponise its screams. They also take on the role of Hordes from the East.
  • In the steampunk Victoriana RPG, Orcs are one of the Human Subspecies of the setting, subject to Fantastic Racism from the others, being ostracised and pushed to the outskirts of civilisation. They have a strong sense of spirituality and a knack for mechanics.
  • Tenra Bansho Zero depicts Oni as Blizzard orcs in contrast to their usual Always Chaotic Evil portrayal, being a Fantasy Counterpart Culture of the Ainu who are hunted by humans because their crystalline hearts can be used to power Magitek. Oni also look enough like humans that they can pass as human by cutting off their horns, though this causes them to lose their racial Psychic Powers.

    Video Games 
  • In the Battle for Wesnoth in most campaigns orcs are the Tolkien type. They are mostly portrayed as pretty much Evil, but sometimes they have motives beyond that as well. Some orcs are also allied to the (generally) good Knalgans. Appearance wise they have simian characteristics and brown or grey skin. Their massive numbers are explained by orcs being born in large litters, the runts being called goblins. Strangely, the average orc soldiers seem to have better armor and weapons then the regular human soldiers.
    • Due to Wesnoth's decentralized development structure, the portrayal of Orcs and Trolls suffers from a touch of Depending on the Writer.
  • Orcs in Warcraft III and World of Warcraft, of course. Interestingly enough, the latest Retcon states that they originally had brown skin, while the typical green skin is a result of the demonic corruption they were under in the first two games. Further demonic influence turns them red. Color-Coded for Your Convenience!
    • In the earliest games Orcs were portrayed as Faux Affably Evil in unit quotes and like but still ruthless killing machines.
    • Interestingly, while in the earlier games orc units such as Grunts and Peons were portrayed as rather stupid for comedy's sake, they're currently portrayed as being as intelligent as humans, simply being (for the most part) uneducated, and more prone to act on instinct and gut feeling than to stop and think things through. Notably, the current lore portrays them as going from a primarily hunter gatherer society to a full on industrial war machine within a matter of decades, although they most likely had help from the Goblins.
    • Some have compared another Blizzard race to Tolkienian orcs; the quill boars are a race of creatures look like a Pig Man with a bristling array of spikes growing down their back, which they can launch as projectile weapons. They are savage to the point of suicide, smaller and weaker than humans, and are almost astoundingly stupid. To lampshade this connection, orc units in Warcraft 3 will comment that, for all their faults, at least quillboars are more attractive than humans.
  • Orcs in Final Fantasy XI are one of the more consistently evil beastmen in the game. According to a guide that was only ever released in Japan, martial ability is so prized that orcish mages hide their faces in shame. Like Tolkien's original orcs, they have good technological ability. Physically, XI's Orcs are green skinned Lizard Folk.
  • The Elder Scrolls:
    • The series was using Blizzard orcs before Blizzard was. Within the TES universe, orcs were once just another elf, but mutated when their patron god was eaten by a Daedra. In the first game, Arena, they were Tolkienian, however. They started getting Blizzard traits in Daggerfall, and completed the role reversal when Morrowind made them a selectable race in player character generation.
    • The creators of Morrowind had a slightly schizophrenic attitude towards orcs... orcish vocals make them sound intelligent and civilised, and various items of backstory make them out to be something of a Proud Warrior Race. Then a bunch of them in-game have actual dialog text which is basically "ug me hit thing wiv rock hur hur". This, however, can also apply to the other races in Tamriel, as well. A Nord in Mournhold has the same male voice all the Nords do, but he speaks Hulk Text as well.
    • Oblivion features a lampshade when you talk to one of the orcs at Daedric shrines. He says something like: "People think we're evil. Do I look evil?" There is also Dark Brotherhood brother, Gogron Gro-Bolmog, who takes an unsubtle approach to his contracts but has his heart in the "right" place.
    • In Skyrim, orcs have been driven back into a diaspora during the interregnum. They now have tribal strongholds dotting Tamriel, worship Malacath and raid as bandits, although many are still Imperialized as smiths or soldiers for the Empire. (One orc even implies that this is the norm for those that leave their stronghold.) There are couple others that stand out, like several orc bards and even one of the faculty at the Winterhold College (for mages). He's the archivist/librarian, to boot. He threatens to sic atronachs on you if you mistreat his books, but still...
    • In a twist of irony, orcs and humans in Tamriel get along surprisingly better than elves and humans do; after suffering a series of crushing defeats at the hands of the Bretons, Nords, and Redguards throughout the centuries, the orcs have largely abandoned their sack-and-pillage social structure and integrated quite well into Imperial society, whereas the High Elves of Summerset Isle usually view themselves as superior to humans and continuously try to conquer them as in past ages.
    • One great aversion to the usual orc formula is that the orcs in this franchise are actually exceptional blacksmiths. Through the series, orc-made armour is noted as not only being tough but hugely ornate too, resembling samurai armour, and orc swords resemble katanas - Orcish armour is made from a reasonably rare ore called Orichalcum. In Skyrim, this gets dropped in favor of Boring, but Practical—Orcish arms and armor are described in-game as plain and brutish to the point of being ugly, but impressively strong.
    • Falmer in Skyrim stand in for Tolkienian orcs, or more specifically Moria Goblins, both in appearance and in backstory (they used to be a race of Elves called "Snow Elves", but were enslaved and blinded by the Dwarves). With one (technically two) exception.
  • Orcs, goblins and trolls in Ultima are straight-up Tolkien-style, in the first three games, they could even be unmade by magi using the Repond spell.
  • Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura mix Tolkien and Blizzard Orc traits. While Orcs are primarily Tolkienian outside of cities, serving as Random Encounters (unless you play as a half-orc; then they'll just apologize for bothering you) or being seen in bandit gangs on the outskirts of towns, in industrialized cities they appear as a unjustly oppressed underclass working poorly paid jobs in factories. One Sidequest centers around this, as a group of workers are in a standoff with the police when they take control of a factory to demand better rights. How things work out in the end depends on how you handle the situation.
  • Heroes of Might and Magic games usually featured orcs as part of Stronghold faction.
    • Heroes of Might and Magic 2 featured orcs as Barbarian troops. These orcs were pink-skinned and porcine, and attacked with crossbows.
    • Heroes of Might and Magic 3 featured orcs primarily as Stronghold troops. These were greenskinned and attacked with throwing axes. The game also featured orcs who road on wild boars and wielded maces as a neutral troop.
    • Heroes of Might and Magic 4 featured orcs as part of the Chaos (Asylum Town) faction, with their design especially boar-like and first orcish heroes being mostly sorcerers.
    • The second expansion of Heroes of Might and Magic 5, Tribes of the East, introduced them as a whole new faction. Apart from having brown skin (or sometimes spreckled with red, and having horns) and being created a la Tolkien by the Wizards as slave warriors to fight the demons (by injecting demon blood into human criminals), they are very close to their Warcraft counterparts in almost any conceivable way.
  • The Orcs in the Warlords and Warlords Battlecry series are of the Tolkienian type. They're a bunch of Always Chaotic Evil thugs with no redeeming qualities other than the fact that they fight each other as often as they fight other, more civilized, people.
  • The Orcs from Kingdom of Loathing are primarily Frat boys. They're a parody of frat boy stereotypes, but the stereotypes (being big, muscular, unpleasant and thuggish in personality, lack of culture aside from breaking other people's stuff) make them pretty close to the Tolkienian version. A second group of orcs called the smut orcs were introduced several years into the game. Their culture seems to be designed around building things out of materials with awful double-entendre names (e.g. "raging hardwood plank" and "thick black caulk").
  • The Brutes of Halo in everything but name. They're big, bulky, and very strong, to the point where the Hunters are the only known contemporary species capable of physically overpowering them. They even resemble several different Earth beasts (mostly gorillas), complete with fur and tusks. As their name implies, they are very brutal, to the point where they commonly eat other sentient races (they openly discuss eating an Elite in one of the first cutscenes of Halo 2). In the bonus material, it is revealed that they managed to make their way into space, only to nuke themselves into the stone age, and had just rediscovered radio and rocketry when the Covenant found them, without having learned anything from their past mistakes. In fact, they are the most directly violent of the races of the Covenant; the Elites have honor, the Prophets are power hungry, the Grunts are enslaved, the Hunters and Drones are enigmatic, the Engineers are neutral, and the Jackals are Hired Guns, but the Brutes seem to just like killing people. All that said, a lot of Expanded Universe media have shown that they're not Always Chaotic Evil, with a number of individual Brutes even being somewhat sympathetic.
    • Also, the weapon designs of the Brutes are orc-like. The rest of the Covenant use sleek and curvy guns of fantastical design that shoot plasma and other energy projectiles. The Brute weapons however, are angular, awkward-looking, and all shoot metal projectiles (except for their version of the plasma rifle, which is just the same, except painted red and a little more rapid-firing). Also, they have bayonets on all their guns (and even their hammers), except for the aforementioned plasma rifle which they hardly ever use. Their vehicles also differ from the standard Covenent designs, and follow their own angular and primitive design (in fact, one of them is repurposed farm equipment), and they have names like "Prowler" and "Chopper", compared to those of standard Covenant craft like "Ghost" and "Shadow".
    • It should also be noted that due to the relative recency of their induction into the Covenant, the Brutes had a traditionally less restrictive attitude towards modifying technology than the other Covenant races, though most of that advantage has been lost thanks to the Great Schism forcing the other former Covenant species to quickly rediscover their old technological creativity. Still, between that and their status as primates, the Brutes are one of the more humanlike aliens in the Haloverse.
  • Orcs of Lineage 2 are both Tolkenien and Blizzard-type. The player controlled orcs generally follow the Blizzard version closely, being Proud Warrior Race Guys and following a shamanistic culture based around their progenitor Pa'aagrio, god of fire. There are some aesthetic differences, mainly that they don't generally have horns or tusks or really big teeth, just hairstyles that look like horns. Their melee classes essentially fill the role of the big, muscular Scary Black Man, except with green skin. Their women are something else entirely. Only Dark Elf women are bustier. The orc Mooks you fight, which by the way the player orcs HATE, are nearly always Tolkenien in most ways, being mostly dumb, savage tribal guys who generally pillage their neighborhood.
  • In Master of Magic not much is explained about orc society, but worth noting is that orcs are the Jack-of-All-Trades of the races, having access to the entire tech tree (they are also devoid of any extra-special units or interesting characteristics, making them fill the role humans usually take). To elaborate, Orcs can build Universities whose students help in the player wizard's research, Alchemists' Guilds to produce magical weapons for the troops, War Colleges to produce Elite Mook squads, Merchants' Guilds, and Engineers.
  • Knight Orc was an extremely snarky Interactive Fiction game where you play a genuine Tolkien Orc. Solving the puzzles and defeating opponents requires you to think like a cruel, underhanded cheating bastard, since in a fair fight you are a weak, sword-fodder mook. A third of the way through the game, a malfunction reveals that you're actually a robot orc in a futuristic virtual-reality MMORPG, and the objective becomes breaking the game to escape.
  • The Darkspawn of Dragon Age are twisted corruptions of the races of the world with poisonous, tainted blood who live underground in perpetual war with the Dwarves. They are normally fairly mindless Always Chaotic Evil but are capable of forging and using metal weapons and armor and intelligent enough to kidnap others to propagate their species. They are drawn by the call of Archdemons, constantly digging to find them and when they do, it leads them on an organized warpath to conquer the surface, known as a Blight.
  • There's an Orc monster in Golden Sun: a shirtless pig headed man with a sword that lives in the desert.
  • In the Gothic series Orcs are intelligent, nomadic members of a Proud Warrior Race. They attack Myrtana (the land of the Humans) to capture slaves and perform archeological excavations on the sites that bear religious importance to Orc Shamans. Also, unlike many other games, they aren't low-level mooks — they're among some of the more powerful enemies in the game.
  • Orcs are often found as random encounters in the Dragon Quest series, and default to the Tolkienian model, being humanoid boars with spears. Interestingly, they (and their variations) tend to be rather powerful, usually being encountered mid- to late-game.
  • Orcs in Allods Online and Evil Islands are gray-skinned Blizzard-types (and dimorphic as hell). The otherwise unthinkable "Orc Paladin" also exists in-game.
  • The Gorn in Wizardry VII: Crusaders of the Dark Savant in all but name. Green, porcine features, and tusks. Xenophobic, militaristic, and live mostly underground on account of living directly in between two powerful races that hate each others' guts, but honorable and have an Asian-influenced art design.
  • The orcs from Dungeon Keeper in name only. Long white hair, purple skin and wrinkles all over make them look more like trolls. In fact, the trolls in the game look more like orcs than the orcs themselves.
  • King's Quest: Mask of Eternity has shaggy, blue-skinned ice orcs in the Frozen Reaches.
  • In Dungeon Crawl, no official description of orcs is given beyond "[they] combine the worst features of humans, pigs, and several other creatures." Cave orcs (mooks) err towards the Tolkien model; they're Always Chaotic Evil, worship the proud but ruthless (and canonically evil) god Beogh (who refuses to accept non-orc worshipers). Hill orcs (playable) are a bit more Blizzard-like; they can play as any class, though their priests follow Beogh instead of Zin. Those who do serve Beogh can attempt to become the Dark Messiah of the orcs.
  • The Drauga of Kohan are technically Orcs (just like the Haroun are elves and the Mareten are Humans). They are large, decidedly simian, warlike and posess a shamanistic culture. They follow Darius after he defeats their former leader, and become his powerful supporters later in the game (though some of them will insist that you beat them to earn their respect).
  • Whereas The Legend of Zelda's moblins fall more under "ogre" and the bokoblins under "goblin/troll", the green-skinned bulblins in The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess were full-on orc, complete with their leader having a Proud Warrior Race Guy attitude.
  • Serious Sam 2 features Orcs as one of the many variety of mooks for the Big Bad. Mostly used as Cannon Fodder, and are not really shown having any sort of intelligence other than basic ability to operate military equipment like the Kozak Helicopters, laser rifles, plasma ball launchers, and propellers that they use as jetpacks. Background material states that they are actually a primitive alien race drafted by Mental and given training and weapons.
  • In Orcs Must Die! and its sequel, the Orcs and the rest of the Horde are Always Chaotic Evil. Interestingly, they do have rather a sympathetic motive for trying to invade Earth: their own world is a barren wasteland. They can also be pretty Laughably Evil at times.
  • In Of Orcs And Men, Orcs are of the Blizzard Orcs variety and are at war with the Human Empire, who wants to use them as slave laborers due to their strength. They're actually the heroes of the game, specifically Arkail.
  • In The Fairyland Story, orcs are basic cutlass-wielding Mooks with pointed ears sticking out of their helmets. Like all characters in the game, they're cute and Super-Deformed.
  • In the Spellforce series, orcs lean largely toward Blizzard-style orcs but have Tolkien-orc elements. They're explicitly darkness-aligned and willing to do the ravaging horde routine, and are pretty much always at odds with the light races of humans, elves, and dwarves; but they have a culture based on honor and clan allegiance, with an animistic religion.
  • In Spyro the Dragon, there are the Gnorcs, which are mostly green, have protruding teeth that look like fangs or tusks, and vary in size (the Big Bad Gnasty Gnorc and some of the mooks are very large, but most Gnorcs aren't much bigger than Spyro). Their name is supposedly a combination of "gnome" and "orc" but they're much more like orcs than like gnomes.
  • The orcs of Dungeon Maker II: The Hidden War are neither Tolkienian nor Blizzard variety. They're actually humanoid boars with a love of spears. They also like to hang out in kitchens, since in orc culture using metal cookware is considered a sign of sophistication.
  • Mid-1990s game Thunderscape came close to having Blizzard orcs before Warcraft and Daggerfall. One of player races were juraks — fur-covered brutes with large fangs, who made good warriors, but could just as well be Combat Medics, mages or mechanics.
  • Endless Legend has Orcs in the form of the minor race, the Urnas. Visually they are Blizzardian, with tusks, green skin, and a bodybuilder physique. They are belligerent by default - like all minor races - but can pacified and absorbed into an another empire. They are excellent archers and are hardy, being unaffected by the movement penalty caused by the brutal winters that are destroying the planet.
  • Fallout has the Super Mutants. They're big, they're green, a few of them eat humans, and all of them can kick ass. East Coast Super Mutants are almost always Tolkien-esque, while West Coast Super Mutants are more likely to be Blizzard style.
    • The art book for Fallout 3 puts even more emphasis on the Tolkien part as well as the "ogre" aspect as they are shown to make their own cobbled-together armor and guns, as well as forge melee weapons such as axes, swords, maces, and flails/meteor hammers.
  • The Prone of Xenoblade Chronicles X are essentially Space Orcs - their skin colors include pink and purple rather than green, and they have tentacles hanging off their faces, but aside from appearance they are essentially Blizzard orcs. They come in the Cavern and Tree Clan varieties, and tend to have aspects of both Tolkien and Blizzard orcs, usually depending on how likely they are to shoot you.
    • Meanwhile the Marnucks are essentially Tolkien orcs, aside from their blue skin.

    Visual Novels 
  • The orcs in Sword Daughter might have been lifted directly from a Dungeons & Dragons campaign, with all the usual trappings: they're green-skinned, brutish and cruel, not very intelligent, and in most story paths they're working as Mooks for the main villain.

    Web Original 
  • Orcs have not been seen in Tales of MU, perhaps because they're not native to the continent on which the story takes place, but they form part of the cultural backdrop. "Going orcshit" is a common expression, and a history class revealed that orcs occupied the role of Hessian mercenaries in the equivalent of the American Revolution: mooks for hire with a vicious rep. The same class revealed their racial Berserk Button: attacking orc women and children. There's also one character (Coach Callahan) who appears to be part orc, and who is the biggest badass in the series.
  • While not specifically called Orcs, the Stonewights of Ash And Cinders show various Orcish tendencies. They're brutush, stupid, killing machines. The Rock Lord's first appearance is even reminiscient of Tolkien's description of the Great Goblin from the Hobbit.
  • The orcs of Tales from My D&D Campaign were once standard Tolkien/D&D orcs, brutish, stupid, cowardly, and only dangerous through their vast numbers. But when the orcs pissed off a goddess by killing her mortal lover, the goddess cursed them and turned their homeland into a desert. Within a couple of generations, the orcish numbers fell from tens of millions to just a few thousand, but the survivors became unparalled warriors. These days, two or three orcs could easily burn a small city to the ground and two-three orc bands regularly slaughter hundred-man patrols.
  • Gaia Online introduced orcs for the 2008 Rejected Olympics event, but they've never been seen since. The only thing we really know about Gaian orcs at present is that they're basically cave-dwelling greasers that were recently discovered.

  • The Order of the Stick, unsurprisingly, subverts the usual "Tolkienian" characterization of Dungeons & Dragons orcs. The orcs shown in the webcomic are just a primitive tribe; and those of the paperback prequel are just mistaken for hostile by townsfolk because they are heavy metal fans.
    • Several characters are also half-orcs. While technically all of them are bad guys, Thog is a Psychotic Man Child who's mostly Obliviously Evil, Bozzok is a business-minded gangster who negotiates with the heroes, and Therkla is more of an Anti-Villain with a good dose of Villainous Valor. Therkla also subverts the trope of halfbreeds being born of rape: her orc mother and human father were happily married.
    • OOTS also features a race of green-skinned goblins that are more civilized, if still stuck living at the edges of civilization. Unlike most recent portrayals of goblins, they are the same height as humans, making them much like Blizzard model orcs. The conflicts between the goblins and the humans drive much of the backstory of the current conflict and are integral to the goblin villain Redcloak's Start of Darkness.
  • The orcs in Dominic Deegan, Oracle For Hire lean towards the Blizzard model with a lot of Fantasy Counterpart Culture traits for Native Americans (not to mention being completely obligate herbivores), but most of the clans are still heavily patriarchal. They are also heavily shamanistic, with their magic being a "gift from the land", tapping entirely to the natural elements, which include life and death itself.
  • Although not strictly orcs, the tribe of the main characters of Goblins: Life Through Their Eyes fits the Blizzard model almost perfectly; other tribes and races of "savage" species (including actual orcs) have varying degrees of conformity to this model, but even the evil groups aren't exactly Tolkienian. One of the few orcs who's appeared so far is a big hulking brute... who speaks politely and takes The Stoic personality up to eleven: Tribe been dead for 200 years? "Meh." Apparently they get raised that way.
  • The recently introduced Orcs on Gaia Online look somewhat like Blizzard Style Orcs, but dress and act like they belong in a Dungeon Punk story. Apparently, they lived under the mountains near the city, until they were discovered and subsequently employed in Factory Town of Aekea. Why you would need to hire Orcs in a city that already has an ample supply of robots is questionable...
  • Linburger has the Trokks. They're a savage race that roam the wilderness and kill anybody they meet. The main character, Lin, encounters them on occasion whenever she searches the junkyard for spare parts. There's also an alcoholic beverage made by them and only them, nobody knows the secret ingredident, and the only way to get the beverage is to live among their tribe for a set amount of time.
  • Girl Genius has the Jaegermonsters, who - other than their nigh-immortal Super Soldier by Mad Scientist origin - fit this trope very nicely. They have a code that defines them to the point that there are "former" Jaegers. Their loyalty to the (Mad Scientist) Heterodynes and ludicrous strength tends to lead them to be Europa's bogeymen. They also have an interesting culture around (comedic) violence and hats, which are evidently a combination of status symbols and a sign of worthiness. Also, when we see a bar for (patched-up, too wounded to fight) Jaegers at one point in the story, it's a pretty typical rowdy establishment... until the nightly bar fight starts, at which point everything becomes a massive Improvised Weapon brawl.
  • Tales of the Questor orcs are nomads or traders, although even merchant clans are pretty darn tough. They have a strong code of honor and stick up for their friends (against almost all enemies) and are generally fairly Blizzardish. Their appearance is fairly distinctive, though: they basically have the faces of long-eared blue bulldogs.
  • Fairy Dust orcs are the generic barbarian race, living in familial clans lead by a patriarch who owns up to thirty women and as many castrated serfs. They stopped being a serious menace as the humans they were competing against won through numbers and technology. The lucky clans can still live as they please on reservations, as long as they don't attack the cities.
  • Orcs in Guilded Age have little political presence in the world and are largely used for slave labor by both the Gastonians and Savage Races. Both parties view them as little more than labor animals with sub-human intelligence, and though nothing has yet explicitly disputed that, the main authority on the subject is so racist and unreliable that it's impossible to take this assumption at face value.
  • Zukahnaut's protagonist rejects the descriptor of "orc" despite his appearance, but his one-page origin story hints that his people may have lived up to the brutal stereotypes inherent in it.
  • Drowtales has kotorcs in the Blizzardian model, being a tribal culture with a heavily honor based society. They're considered "goblins" along with humans, with hints of a common ancestor. There's also a sub-species known as Noz who have more in common with the Tolkien orcs and appear much more wild, and can best be described as looking like humanoid hyenas.

    Western Animation 
  • The Futurama movie "Bender's Game" features "Morcs", who wear rainbow suspenders and mumble words like "Nanu-nanu" and "Shazbot".
  • Wolverine is predictably depicted as a Blizzard variant (though he's referred to as a troll), in a fairytale told by Jubilee in one of the later seasons of the X-Men animated series.
  • Most of Prince Phobos's minions in W.I.T.C.H. are orc-like humanoids; they're initially portrayed as the Tolkien variety. They are revealed, though, to have been fed on propaganda and aren't necessarily that bad; most of them do a collective Heel–Face Turn after Phobos is defeated, and the main orc who remains villainous, Raythor, is nonetheless an honorable Noble Demon. The lurdens, Phobos' more monstrous and bestial minions, are Tolkien orcs played straight.

Stop poking meee!

Alternative Title(s): Our Orks Are Different, Orc