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... it's the sudden stop at the end. (Or as some people put it, "the deceleration trauma.")
The laws of physics are frequently ignored in service to the story, with someone taking a plunge from a great height being probably the most frequent offender. Writers tend to forget that it's not the fall that kills you... it's the sudden stop at the end. Or to put it another way, your velocity can't hurt you, until you try to change it.
In fiction, however, one must specifically hit the ground to get killed in a fall. Grabbed a ledge? Hooked an outcropping with your Grappling-Hook Pistol? Got caught out of midair?(By a giant robot?)Hit water instead of ground?Landed on an enemy?On a car?Fall in a dumpster? Congratulations, you're completely uninjured, no matter how far you fell beforehand! Some characters can fall dozens of stories or even out of aircraft, and survive more or less unrumpled as long as they perhaps fell through some trees before encountering the ground.
Under Newtonian physics, this is nonsense: you still decelerate from terminal velocity to a dead stop in less than a second, and it is the sudden deceleration of that stop that kills. Then again, if you have a Variable Terminal Velocity, the laws of Newtonian physics might not apply in the first place.
Amusingly, even works that take the stress of deceleration into account will paradoxically ignore the stress of acceleration. Trauma from rapid velocity change works both ways. Getting thrown halfway across a city square is pretty much equivalent to standing still and getting hit by a train. Even if the hero catches you carefully at the other end, you still end up ripped apart like tissue paper by steel-hard fingers pushing at you like jackhammers. If writers considered the way vehicles work, they could avoid this. Don't want your hero bisecting flying civilians? Try having them travel at the same speed and gradually decelerate the target to a more reasonable velocity. Air braking is your friend.
This can happen in video games via Gameplay and Story Segregation. On the other hand, video games also sometimes invert this, so it is in fact the fall that kills you... in mid-air. All bets are off if you have Nigh-Invulnerability.
Subtropes of this include Soft Water and Giant Robot Hands Save Lives, among all the other tropes potholed in that second paragraph. See also I Fell for Hours for incredibly long falls. See also Inertial Dampening, which can justify it in worlds where it exists. May overlap with Required Secondary Powers.
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Anime & Manga
Subverted in Kaleido Star: while in the trapeze, Leon drops May off, lets her fall a bit and then catches her by the hand, but the pull dislocates her shoulder. Later he does the same thing to Sora, but this time she's not injured because she was expecting it, and used her own strength to help Leon lift her.
An early episode of Macross averts this. Our hero saves the female lead from a high altitude fall not by catching her in the opened cockpit of his fighter, but by matching her descent before sort of scooping her up. Still pretty crazy, but it had been established that he was a skilled stunt pilot before going military.
This pops up all the time in Immortal Rain: when the only way out of trouble is a long way down, Rain scoops up Machika, tucks her under his arm, and jumps. In one scene they escape bounty hunters by jumping out of an upper storey of a skyscraper to the city street below; in another, a train bridge has been destroyed and they jump from the falling train to the canyon floor. The implication is that since Rain is perfectlycapable of surviving that fall, anyone cradled in his arms would be safe as well.
The characters of Mahou Sensei Negima! use a Time Machine to Set Right What Once Went Wrong, not fully knowing how to set the spatial coordinates and thus appearing ten days earlier at several hundred feet in the air. Before hitting the ground, lead wizard Negi used his Wind Magic to both push the group off the ground and create a cushion of air as well, leaving every character without a scratch. This might have made sense if it were done in a slow descent if not for the fact that it was done at the last second only a dozen metres above ground. The two heavy-hitters in the group, Kaede and Setsuna were able to survive the fall on their own abilities (they landed on their feet). Problematically in Setsuna's case, she decided to take actions to save Konoka herself, Bridal Carrying her on the way down. Setsuna does this routinely to Konoka while jumping massive distances without incident anyway (she probably has some Ki-related method).
Similarly, when School Newspaper News Hound Kazumi Asakura tried to expose the same wizard's magic, that atop his already-built stress at the other events surrounding him at the time caused his Wind abilities to explode through his voice. This sent Asakura into the air, to which Negi flew upward on his staff to catch her by the arm. Maybe justified in that he caught her before she actually started falling, but the strength of lift-off was enough to crack and break her cellphone.
Parodied in Cyborg Grandpa G, where the titular cyborg sees the old lady from the tobacco store in the path of a bus, and rushes over to push her out of the way. After he does so, he says, "Whew! That's great that my body can reach Mach two! If I was one second slower, she'd have been hit by that 30 km/h bus!" The old lady has been smashed to bits to the point where he has to rebuild her body as a cyborg like him...
In the Pokémon episode "Nerves of Steelix", Jasmine leaps off the edge of a cliff and lands on her Steelix's head approximately fifty feet below with absolutely no injuries.
At the climax of Pokémon 4Ever, Ash, Pikachu and the Iron Masked Marauder start to fall to their supposed deaths from thousands of feet in the air. Ash and Pikachu are saved by Celebi, but as for the Marauder…he wasn't so lucky. The Marauder continues to fall to Earth, and just when you were hoping for a Disney Villain Death, he lands in a tree and continues his fall, breaking a branch along the way. He then falls to the ground and starts to roll down a hill and off a miniature cliff, and somehow survives this.
Dawn's Buneary has been known to use her twelve-pound body to catch things several hundred times her weight like it doesn't matter how fast they're going.
It even happens in the manga from time to time. A particularly egregious case is Sapphire's dismount from her Tropius to catch a falling tree limb - and she survives not just the velocity of the fall (she was dropping from a higher altitude), but also the weight of the limb and the person and pokmeon which she catches on landing! Badass Normal, no kidding!
Played straight during Naruto's training for the Chuunin Exams. Thrown into a deep chasm, after falling for several minutes he managed to summon a toad large enough to stop his descent... and bouncing off of his hard back didn't hurt at all, apparently.
In Axis Powers Hetalia, Russia jumps out of a freaking plane WITHOUT A PARACHUTE because there is snow. Snow will save him. Granted, he does break his arm (in the manga he breaks all of his bones).
The speedster version is explicitly mentioned in Cyborg 009. The 00 cyborgs can survive being transported by 009's acceleration mode because they are cyborgs, who have been enhanced to be more durable than regular humans. Any normal human who comes into contact with 009 while he's in acceleration mode would be killed instantly.
In Ranma ˝, it's not unheard of for characters to walk away from hundred-meter drops (in one such instance, they even left perfect character-shaped holes upon impact after falling off a mountain bridge and all the way to the ground.) On one occasion, though, Ranma fell off a Giant Flyer's back several hundred meters in the air, and was knocked out cold upon landing on a convenient log floating downstream. On another, Ranma, while carrying four girls on his back, blasted himself (and the girls) out of a Garden of Evil up to a height of at least thirty meters, and landed perfectly on his feet... then collapsed in a heap, both legs broken.
In one episode of the anime, Akane gets knocked off the side of a cliff. Ranma runs down the side, gets to the bottom before she does, then catches her in his arms. She's perfectly fine afterwards. This is Ranma ˝ after all.
In episode 22 of Fairy Tail, Lucy jumps out of a jail cell that is at least a skyscraper in height off the ground and Natsu catches her. Amusingly, Lucy (who is a normal human besides her Summon Magic) is unharmed, while Natsu (who has Super Strength and is Made of Iron) is briefly knocked silly.
Used scientifically in Gamble Fish, Tomu was able to survive the fall by making sure he hit the branches to slow down and the fact that there was a large amount of fresh snow at the bottom to land on. However, he did add the fact this only gave him a 1/10 chances of actually surviving the fall compared to the slim chance if he didn't. He is a gambler after all.
In Death Note, Matsuda has to fake his own death by falling from a building. He's saved by the other members of the investigation team with a mattress placed some floors below. Exactly how he manages to land right on it is a mystery. And he's perfectly fine after the fall, too.
Almost every character has fallen off a cliff at least once, but by far the most egregious example is Kikyo. Early on in the series this was her primary means of exit; she would fall off a cliff, be presumed dead, then show up two episodes later and fall off another cliff, causing no end of drama with Inuyasha.
Inuyasha himself falls off no end of high places; given his practical indestructibility, this is to be expected. This trope comes in to play when he is trapped in human form and then falls off a cliff in one of the midseries episodes. In the anime, he is caught by the demon tree they were fighting (long story), but in the manga he lands in a tree at the base of the cliff and awakens when the sun rises and he reverts.
In The Devil is a Part-Timer!, an unconscious Chiho is thrown out of the sky by Lucifer. Emi runs up and catches her. Interestingly, Chiho is unharmed, while the impact breaks Emi's legs.
In a side-story of Masahiko Nakahira's Sakura Ganbaru! manga, Karin Kanzuki ends up fighting a rival on top of a plane, both of them attached to the hull via safety cables. When they inevitably fall, Karin saves both their lives by wrapping one end of the cable around her arm, and then, a dozen feet before splattering on the pavement, whipping the other end across the width of a pedestrian bridge to wrap around a streetlight. The momentum swings Karin and her rival in a wide arc beneath the bridge, wraps the streetlight around the bridge and rips it off the sidewalk, and gently deposits both girls on the street, with a completely aghast Sakura (who watched the whole thing from the ground) staring in stupefaction. And Karin's arm and hand weren't even rope-burned, let alone dislocated or torn off.
Superman regularly snatches Lois Lane out of the sky. He'll sometimes justify it by thinking something to the effect of "I've got to time this right: match my velocity to hers and then gradually slow us," but that doesn't work when they were only seconds from hitting the ground.
Also, he fairly often knocks or grabs people at super speed, making that hilarious effect where whatever they were holding at the time would suddenly be suspended in the air as they disappear between panels. Lampshaded in Emperor Joker, where he accidentally kills Lois this way. She gets better. Briefly. After the Joker's control over the universe (long story) is defeated, he grabs her this way again, but this time he apparently remembers not to accelerate so fast.
Not surprisingly, most superheroes with Flight will do the same at one time or another. Realistically, they would have the additional concern of taking injury themselves from colliding with a falling object, which at least the invulnerable Superman has no concerns about.
In Superman's case, this was one of the main justifications for the Post-Crisis "unconscious telekinesis" theory. Later made explicit in the case of Superboy, who learned to control it consciously. One Action Comics issue has a very ill Superman convey to villains they better stand down as he, Superman, no longer has the ability to pull his punches and their heads might just go explodey.
Same goes for The Flash, who would certainly be giving high G-load injuries to the people he picks up and rushes off with at super-speed, as his acceleration is depicted as nearly instantaneous. Indeed, the Speed Force was invented largely to "explain" these kinds of mechanics.
In one issue of the Justice League of America, he saves the population of a North Korean town from a nuclear meltdown in about 12 seconds. The speeds he would have needed to achieve this should have turned everyone he touched, carried, or simply ran past into chunky red jello.
Subverted in the Marvel Comics Eternals, where their Speeder, even when trying his hardest not to kill terrorists while disarming them, and moving at half the speed of light, still breaks their arms.
Ultimate Marvel Quicksilver did something similar, killing a lesser speedster by grabbing hold of her and accelerating so fast that her body was completely shredded.
Originally subverted with Spider-Man. He attempted to catch Gwen Stacy with his webbing after the Green Goblin tossed her off a bridge, but the sudden stop snapped her neck. Marvel Comics later tried to reverse course on this, saying that it, indeed, was the fall that killed her; that the shock caused her to have a heart attack and die. They've even gone so far as to edit the prominent "SNAP!"◊ sound effect out of the panel where Spidey catches Gwen in reprints.
After the "shock of the fall" line (originated by Stan Lee) was discredited, the current line of Word of God thinking is that since Soft Water doesn't really exist, nothing Spidey could reasonably have done at the time could have saved her. Catch her, she snaps. Don't catch her, she splats. In universe, Spidey's learned from his mistakes. In a scenario years later where Mary Jane is sent plummeting, he knows to fire his webbing at multiple points, stopping Mary-Jane from getting lethal whiplash. And in New Avengers (vol. 2) #21, he catches falling teammates in a soft net of web instead of snaring them with a single line. There's also a What If? issue where Spidey manages to save Gwen in this manner, and in a time travel storyline in Spider-Girl, the younger webslinger tells Peter to stop, jumps past him, embraces Gwen and then uses webbing to slow both of them at the same time, more gently and protecting her neck as they go. She specifically states that Peter spent most of her childhood explaining to her what he wished he could have done differently, so she knew exactly how to save Gwen this time.
Averted in Batman: Hush, where Batman, after his Grappling-Hook Gun line is mysteriously broken, attempts to grab onto a ledge, and immediately breaks several bones in his arms, falls further, and breaks the rest of his bones (there was even a bone chip in his skull). Ouch. Thank goodness a friendly brain surgeon was nearby.
Averted in Batgirl: Year One, when Barbara Gordon's jumpline, made of normal rope, is cut by Batman before she can hurt herself with the sudden deceleration. She is later given some of the special 'batrope' to use with the explanation that it is elastic and extends/contracts in order to prevent the shock of an instant stop.
Subverted in Alan Moore's Miracleman series. In one issue, the villain hurls an innocent bystander towards a building. Miracleman catches the lad, saving the child's life but breaking a few ribs in the process. In the same scene, the acceleration when the villain threw him should have had the exact same effect — snapping most of his limbs and his neck, because the villain sure didn't bother about whiplash and such.
In Runaways, Victor stops Gert from falling using a steel fire escape, and references this trope, specifically the "matching speeds" angle.
In Astonishing X-Men, Hisako catches a plummeting classmate with her mutant armour up. He lives, but he's a mess.
In a Captain America issue, Cap is flung off a building. He doesn't catch a flagpole, he slams shield first into the cold, hard cement. His Vibranium-steel alloy shield absorbs ninety-five percent of the impact but it's the five percent that bothers him. The same shield can disperse enough force that a punch from the Incredible Hulk (who bench-presses MOUNTAINS) stops, instead of nailing you into the ground like a tent peg, and is explicitly the hardest thing in the Marvel Universe.
There's a scene in the ElfQuest: Shards storyline (Issue 13) where Strongbow the archer is falling to his certain death - until the human Shuna reaches out an arm so that he can use her hand as a target for an arrow with a rope attached. The other elves then grab the rope to break his fall before his weight can rip her arm off. Now in order to pull this off both Strongbow and Shuna would need to have incredibly fast reflexes, and one suspects his momentum would drag everyone else over the edge anyway. (Link to all the comics)
In one issue of Doom Patrol, the writer carefully averts this trope. Elasti-Girl grows to giant size to catch a plane coming in for a crash landing, by running alongside it and taking hold of the fuselage. Robotman specifically notes that simply standing still and catching it by the wings would have ripped the plane apart.
Subverted in Two Thousand AD's Chopper: A sky surfer catches a young child falling from a high-rise building, but despite the surfer's efforts to cushion the fall, the child dies from the sudden stop.
Subverted in a Marshal Law comic where insane expies of Marvel heroes are fleeing a burning asylum and falling to their deaths. The Daredevil clone tries breaking his fall by latching onto a flagpole... and promptly tears his arms off.
Subverted in Nikolai Dante: When Dmitri/Arkady throws Galya out a high window, Viktor dives to save her in his eagle form. He succeeds, but the force of the impact still kills her.
Supergirl saves a guy from a 29,000 feet fall here. It has a happy ending, so he should be fine.
In a Cloak & Dagger story where Dagger is thrown out of a plane, Cloak saves her by enclosing her in the dark dimension of his cloak...but she still has all the momentum of the fall. So he repeatedly releases her over water for a second at a time, gradually slowing her down and leaving her extremely bruised but alive.
Milo: "The last thing I remember is nearly killing myself casting Feather Fall... of all the ways to die, I think that would have been the most humiliating. I can't believe it was actually the fall that killed me."
Averted in the Teen Titans fic The Mark. Jinx uses her powers to to make a trapeze cord Dick Grayson is using snap in midair. He, while upside-down no less, grabs the snapped rope, uses it to swing back toward the rigging, sails through the air to grab said rigging, and slides down it to the ground. The recoil of grabbing the rope dislocates his shoulder, and sliding down the rigging leaves a cloud of dust from the chalk on his hands. Of course, given that he's Robin and has been an acrobat since birth, it'd be more unusual if he couldn't do it.
In Travels of the Trifecta Conway survives falling out of a helicopter because his traveling companion acts as a human cushion, and the story even states that this saved his life.
Film - Animated
In The Incredibles, when a man jumps from the top of a building to kill himself, Mr. Incredible, who is in the top of a much lower building, jumps across the street, grabs the man in mid-air and lands in a lower floor of the building from which the man had jumped. The man ends up with serious injuries. And ends up suing Mr. Incredible.
Averted at the end, when Helen/Elastigirl is thrown into the air to catch the baby—she visibly extends her arms upwards, then contracts her body upwards towards the baby before turning into a parachute.
Used in The Hunchback of Notre Dame when Quasimodo falls from a parapet of the cathedral only to be caught under the armpits by Phoebus who happened to be on a lower level. Not only does Quasi not die, not only do Phoebus's arms not get completely ripped out of their sockets, but everyone lives happily ever after.
During the final battle in How to Train Your Dragon, Astrid gets thrown from her dragon and goes tumbling through the air. Hiccup and Toothless fly in and catch her right before she splats. Hiccup asks Toothless if he caught her, Toothless makes sure he did and Astrid smiles rather happily considering that that catch probably should have broken her legs or spine. And in the same battle, Hiccup and Toothless (without flight control) should be splats on the ground at the end, and the only injury ends up being a leg needing to be replaced, so that should probably be chalked up to barbarian hardiness and cartoon physics.
Lampshaded in the CG film Doogle, when one of the characters remarks after falling a great distance: "I'm fine: I broke the fall with my face."
Lifted, one of the Pixar Shorts, involves an Alien Abduction test in a rural area. The young alien is having trouble with the myriad of unlabeled switches on the control board, while a grim-faced blob-like alien with a clipboard is marking every wrong action. Finally, he uses the right button, lifting up the still-sleeping human into the UFO. Then he lets go of the switch thinking it's done... and the human starts falling back to the ground. The older alien manages to push the right switch a split-second before the human hits the ground. Naturally, the human is perfectly fine, even though he clearly fell at least 5 stories. Then again, we don't know the properties of the anti-gravity beam. If its force is evenly distributed through the body, it could provide extreme deceleration without damage.
Star Trek V: The Final Frontier: Kirk falls off a cliff. Spock (wearing rocket boots) races after him and grabs him by one ankle right before impact, arresting his fall inches above the ground with no ill effects whatsoever. Of course, this being Star Trek, it's conceivable that the boots could have inertial dampeners built in as well.
In the 2009 Star Trek movie, this also happens when Chekov manages to beam Kirk and Sulu back onto the Enterprise while they were falling towards the planet's surface; he manages to catch them just before they hit the ground. This is completely in keeping with how a transporter would have to work, since by re-materializing the person the forces applied to the object/person before dematerialization no longer exist, while a new set of forces are applied (consistent with the space-ship's current movement through space-time) on rematerialization. They still land on the transporter pad painfully, but are not injured.
Similar situations have happened on a few occasions in Star Trek: Voyager, only without the sudden falling impact on the transporter pad. The "Skeletal Lock" transporter technique that was invented to save some crew members from a free fall in one episode comes to mind.
The same problem exists generally when the Enterprise is attacked or grabbed by an explosion or monster, causing it to decelerate quickly enough to overcome the artificial gravity and throw people around the room. These people look like they are reacting to a change in velocity of a few feet per second, when just unexpectedly dropping out of Warp 1 to sub-light speed involves deceleration on the order of hundreds of thousands of feet per second in a very few seconds. Even if the artificial gravity takes away 99% of the problem, you still end up with strawberry jam on the bulkheads, if the entire ship doesn't fall apart concurrently. However, since the Enterprise regularly reaches Ludicrous Speed without needing fuel tanks the size of a moon, we can surmise that the Applied Phlebotinum of the engines allows them to travel fast while having only a tiny fraction of the kinetic energy Newtonian Physics would expect. That also explains why, when the engines fail, they slow down.
The best explanations of Star Trek drive mechanics posit that both impulse and warp drive do not move the ship at all but bend space (for impulse) or space and time (for warp). The only time the ship is (relative to itself) moving is when it's on maneuvering thrusters. Any movement felt inside the ship is either an instability in the generated impulse/warp field or an externally-applied "real" momentum transfer rather than a reaction to changing velocity of the relatively-motionless ship.
In the 1989 Batman movie, Batman uses his grapple gun to save himself and Vicki Vale after they fall off a huge cathedral. He fires the gun and then attaches it to his belt. The grappling hook lands in the belfry, slides across the floor, and then bites into a bit of stonework, and suddenly Batman and Vicki are suspended in the air, swinging romantically back and forth while searchlights play across the cathedral for no very good reason. All this without a) breaking the stonework, b) breaking off whatever attaches the gun to the belt, c) breaking the belt, d) breaking Batman in half at the waist, or e) tearing Vicki from Batman's arms to go plummeting to her doom.
Averted in Batman Forever, when Batman dives into the death trap to save Chase and Robin. When Batman attaches the cords to Chase and when he grabs Robin, they can be seen decelerating, rather than coming to a complete stop, implying the cords are elastic. This is more noticeable when Batman rescues Robin.
Played straight in The Dark Knight, where Batman uses a grapple gun to snag the plummeting Joker. By all rights, the Joker's leg should have been torn out of its socket by the force of his sudden deceleration, but instead, he simply stops and Batman hauls him back up.
Again in The Dark Knight, Batman jumps from a balcony and grabs Rachel, but they both land unharmed on a taxi's hood. Granted, he could attribute some deceleration to the huge cape and armored suit, but it doesn't change the visible damage to the taxi or the fact that she fell much earlier.
And again in The Dark Knight: Harvey Dent/Two Face falls from twenty, maybe thirty feet, and, according to Word of God, this kills him. Being already severely injured by his earlier accident, as well as the angle at which he fell, was probably what did it. Batman falls about the same distance and survives without any major injuries, presumably because he landed on his feet and is a lot more agile anyway.
In The Dark Knight Rises, the "safety rope" the prisoners use when they try to climb out of the pit lets them drop a long way before snapping taut, breaking their fall very suddenly while tied around their waist in one place, with no padding or harness to spread the load. This is ignoring the fact that they then get swung straight into a stone wall. There is no way Batman would be in any fit state to try again after falling once, especially considering how much damage his spine took already.
The Matrix Reloaded: Neo flies very low to the ground, at a velocity that's knocking cars aside in its wake, and catches Trinity out of the air. Between the sudden vertical stop and the sudden horizontal acceleration, Trinity should have been splattered all over his sunglasses. Earlier in the same movie, Neo rescues a couple of people from a roof of a crashed and exploding truck by flying onto the scene, grabbing them by their collars, and pulling them straight up while Out-Flying the fireball. While the world of the Matrix does have rules, one of Neo's powers is explicitly being able to bend and break them, so this is justified.
While not a fall, the physics-defying properties of this trope are subverted in the Blade movies, where the titular super-human grabs a hold of the back of a speeding train and painfully dislocates his shoulder. If he hadn't already been superman, he would have simply lost his shoulder.
Subverted in Enchanted, where Giselle, the cartoon princess now a real person in New York expects to be caught when she falls, but ends up hurting both herself, and the man trying to catch her when reality doesn't live up to cartoon physics.
Jack Slater, a Refugee from TV Land, has this painfully subverted when he grabs a ledge while falling. In his home universe, he does this all the time without a problem.
Handled relatively reasonably in the Iron Man film: Instead of trying to catch the pilot who's falling because his ejection seat's parachute isn't opening, Tony Stark goes for the mechanism to trigger the parachute instead. Incidentally, that helps to illuminate the fact that people can be decelerated from terminal velocity pretty dang fast and still survive, just not instantaneously; otherwise parachutes would be useless.
And when he first escapes from the terrorists in his Mk.1 suit, Tony falls from several hundred feet in the air into a sand dune, and suffers nothing worse than momentary dizziness, making this an example of Sand Is Water.
Although it's somewhat justified since Tony designed it with a jet-boots, implying that he did take into consideration how to make it possible for the user to survive the landing. For several scenes afterwards Tony is wearing a sling, demonstrating that while the suit took the brunt of the impact, it still caused him to break his arm regardless.
Never mind how strong his suit is - slamming headfirst into the dune like that his liver is still going to end up inside his skull.
Iron Man is after all a comic-book character, which the film duly acknowledges, so Rule of Funny probably applies here - a bit of comic relief to cap off the drama just past. It probably also hurt later to have his lifters backflip him face-first into the wall.
In Iron Man 2, it's also averted as Tony visibly drops his speed significantly before grabbing Pepper and flying her away from the exploding Hammeroid.
Played painfully straight in Iron Man 3, in the "Barrel of Monkeys" scene. The last victim is caught just before hitting the water and is magically unhurt.
John McClane falls down a shaft in Die Hard and grabs the edge of an air-vent. Instead of just broken fingers, he gets an acceptable break because he's in an action movie. It turns out the air-vent grab was due to a mistake by the stuntman. Left in because it looks cool, nothing is said on whether the stunt-man got bashed up.
Also, the big action sequence towards the end of the film, where McClane is forced to jump off the roof of the skyscraper with only a fire hose to stop his fall would have probably resulted in McClane breaking his back.
In Underworld the Vampires like to make entrances by jumping off buildings without so much as bending their knees.
Hancock shows the Flying Brick titular hero grabbing a Jerk Ass kid, flying him high up into the air, zooming back down, and catching him by sticking his arm out. Even leaving aside the deceleration, he hit someone who can shrug off bullets and is harder than pavement.
He also tosses a whale by its tail (it rhymes!) without ripping its flukes off.
In contrast to Gwen Stacy above, Spider-Man successfully catches Aunt May with his webbing in his second movie. This movies' webbing is shown to be very elastic, but that doesn't stop the RiffTrax from hanging a lampshade: "And her entire skeletal system was pulverized." If anyone was going to have a heart attack from the shock, it would be May.
Painfully obvious in the original Spider-Man movie, where Mary Jane is over water and in danger of falling; she does fall, but after about 40 feet she grabs onto a metal pipe. Her arms are not ripped out of their sockets.
Averted in the 1978 Superman movie when Lois falls off a high building after a helicopter accident: after catching her, Superman visibly decelerates over several dozen feet of downward motion before proceeding upward. (Sheldon was still pissed off by it enough to create a page quote out of it, though)
Also averted in Superman Returns where Supes catches a falling plane and has to decelerate gradually while the plane falls to pieces due to the conflict of forces (even having a wing torn off because he grabs it)
Subverted and played straight in the same scene in the 1999 movie Wing Commander, when the hangar bay was depressurizing due to damage from an attack. Blair plays it straight, when he grabs an item on the deck to stop his being sucked out into space, without any obvious discomfort or injuries. For the subversion, Maniac's rush towards the vacuum is stopped by a cable tied around his waist and held at the other end by other pilots. The sudden stop when the cable that was tied around his midsection catches makes him visibly wince in pain, and afterwards he's shown with bandages wrapped around his waist, where the cable bit into him.
In Avatar, a skilled Na'vi falling in or over a forest can shed enough velocity on vines and leaves to survive a drop from a great height. It helps a lot that Pandora has lower gravity and denser atmosphere than Earth, and correspondingly falling bodies have lower terminal velocity, and Na'vi have much harder skeletal and organ structures than humans.
In the French film La Haine, there is a recurring motif of the man who falls from the top of a four storey building. As he falls, he repeats, "Jusqu'ici, tout va bien" ("So far, so good", or "Up to here, all goes well"). Mais ce n'est pas la chute, c'est l'atterrissage.
Both averted and played straight at the start of Attack of the Clones. When Obi-Wan falls several stories, Anakin catches up in a speeder and descends with him, matching his speed and slowing down gradually once he's on board. Not long after, Anakin flings himself out of the speeder, falls several stories himself and catches the canopy of another speeder going very fast. And yet he doesn't lose his arm. Not yet anyway...
Averted in The Rock. British spyJohn Mason offers to shake hands with FBI Director Womack, and slides a slipknot over the latter's wrist. He immediately pulls Womack over the railing of a hotel balcony, and the man is left dangling by the cord; both the sudden stop and the effort to pull him back up dislocate his shoulder and he has to carry his arm in a sling afterwards.
Pirates of the Caribbean plays with this; in the second film Jack Sparrow falls off a fairly high cliff and hits the ground - and not only survives, but he's in good enough shape to run in blind terror from the group of cannibals chasing him. However, he did smash through several rope bridges on the way down as well, thus decreasing his speed a little and rendering this...slightly less implausible. Slightly.
In the 2009 B-movie Infestation, a giant wasp grabs a guy and flies away. A policeman patiently waits until the pair are above a roof before shooting the wasp. Unfortunately, the victim lands on the roof headfirst and dies anyway. Also, a man who tries to jump from a moving truck breaks both of his legs.
Averted in The Avengers when the Hulk rescues a falling Iron Man by sliding down a building to slow his fall, then sliding several hundred yards down the street before finally coming to a stop. Hulk also noticeably tries to take the brunt of the impact himself.
Played straight to set up a joke in The Naked Gun 2 1/2. Towards the end of the film, the villain falls off a tall building, hits the awning on the ground floor, then tumbles to the street, and gets up completely unharmed. He takes a few steps and is then mauled by a lion.
In The Hobbit, Bilbo and a goblin tumble over the edge of a landing in the goblin caves. Bilbo loses consciousness but survived with a few bruises and cuts and was up and running in no time thanks to a cluster of mushrooms that cushioned his fall when he should have been in a much worse condition with or without the mushrooms. The goblin had nothing to cushion its fall, leaving it easy prey for Gollum.
Subverted in Jack the Giant Slayer when Jack and Isabelle are on the falling beanstalk; they swing on a smaller vine to convert their downward momentum to horizontal momentum and slide along the ground. Played straight with Elmont on the same beanstalk; he jumps off closer to the ground and lands safely in some Soft Water.
Played straight in Sideways Stories From Wayside School. A girl fell asleep in class, rolled out the window, and fell. The playground supervisor catches her before hitting the ground. The school is a 30 floor building, with her class on the top floor.
Averted in Area 7, when Scarecrow does the 'Sydney Harbour Bridge' (two Maghooks connecting in midair) with Gant, thus stopping his fall. IIRC, it's described as 'one hell of a jolt' and it hurts him a lot.
This trope (and the stock phase) is the syllabus of The Five Greatest Warriors. Jack's falling into a bottomless pit, and stops his fall with a Maghook. It still hurts, but not as much as it should after falling over 1000 meters.
Subverted in Specials when Tally, running away, jumps off a cliff while escaping Fausto with seemingly nothing to save her (no bungee jacket or hoverboard) says before jumping, 'Hey, Fausto, how's this for crazy? Crash bracelets', and states that since crash bracelets weren't designed for anything like a jump off a cliff, she almost passed out from simply raising her arms to shoulder height.
Averted nicely in Dragonquest.F'nor and Canth are dropping from a great height at what's explicitly stated as terminal velocity. The other dragons don't just stop them short- they form a ramp to slow them down gradually. (No time for their riders to saddle up!)
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: In the Brontital/Shoe Event Horizon arc, Arthur Dent survives a fall of 15 miles by landing on the back of an enormous bird, failing to take into account the fact that the impact with the bird would be as violent as the impact with the ground would have been. The bird and Arthur have an argument about getting safely down to the ground below, which ends when Arthur apologizes for impinging on the birds' time and resumes his fall. The bird is sufficiently guilt-tripped to dive after Arthur and rescue him by grabbing him by the shoulders, resulting in both a second example of this trope and of Variable Terminal Velocity as the bird should not have been able to catch up, and if he could he would have torn Arthur asunder in his attempt to arrest his fall.
In the same arc Marvin falls from the same altitude and has his fall arrested by only the rocky ground below. He survives, but did decelerate for a whole mile through the rock. And he wasn't very happy about it.
In a strange subversion, in any given Philip K Dick novel/short story you know that something is wrong with the fabric of reality when the rules of physics start acting up. Kudos to the characters if they realise it at the time. ... And you know you're in a horrible sub-sect of reality when the rules of physics are played straight at every single turn (VALIS, anyone?)
Rincewind himself abides by a variation of the trope. He claims he is not afraid of heights but of grounds: rightly recognizing that the ground is the actual instrument of death in a fatal fall. Also, his own life experience (and the fact that he's a just-barely-Wizard) show him multiple times that he can survive falls...provided someone or something intervenes on his behalf.
Rapunzel: The One With All The Hair Prince Benjamin falls from Rapunzel's tower and has his fall "broken" when he lands on his horse, unharmed.
In Percy Jackson and the Olympians, Percy can survive a fall from any height if he lands in water. Justified in that his father is Poseidon, the god of the sea. Percy could be thrown to the deepest possible part of the ocean without being crushed, freezing to death, or drowning.
In the last of the Lensman books, Kim Kinnison's daughter Constance is described as having formed a close friendship with Worsel, the flying dragon Lensman, to the point where she rides him like a horse (and has done so since she was big enough to climb on). One of her sisters describes how he "pretty nearly split her in two with an eleven-gee pull-up", for which she kicked him.
For the record, E. E. Smith was pretty careful about the application of physics because one of the key sci-fi elements in the series was neutralizing inertia (which is critical to this trope). The basic idea is that, under the neutralizing field, the object's original or "intrinsic" velocity, is still there but neutralized until the field shuts off, upon which the object immediately resumes its original velocity. Basically, the trope applied while you were in the field, but the trope also could be gruesomely averted unless you were careful before turning it off (the risks were noted frequently). Only one exception was ever made (an important but very small object), and that was handled by one of the most elaborate shock-absorbing contrivances ever written.
Star Lift centers around two pilots who have to speed nine days with the constant 3.5g acceleration/deceleration. One of them dies halfway, other is left with his body irrepairably worn-out, causing Rapid Aging.
In Double Star, a pilot tells about his strong, but dumb and stubborn passenger, who managed to walk under 5g... and who never walked again afterwards.
"Slow" Free Trader starships in Citizen of the Galaxy accelerate at somewhat one km/s^2 (1km/s more velocity added per second). It is stated that if the artificial gravity onboard fails for a split-second, all the crew will be instantly splattered into strawberry jam by 100g acceleration (which is accurate: Earth-normal gravity is 9.8m/s^2, about 1/100 the acceleration).
Both the Dragon Boat and Simon Heap easily survive their falls in Septimus Heap.
Averted in Dragon Keeper: Garden Of The Purple Dragon. Ping jumps off a burning balcony, hits a tree on the way down, then lands in a pool. However, hitting the tree and water are both separately described as being very painful, and Ping breaks a rib or two in the process.
Averted in The Expanse, where ships can only accelerate and decelerate so fast without risking injury or death to their occupants. Gone into in detail in book 3, Caliban's War, where an alien device creates a zone within which any object traveling faster than a certain speed is brought to an almost immediate stop. The aftermath when those objects are spaceships filled with people is described in gruesome detail.
Averted in Heroes when Nathan saves Tracy as soon as she jumps off the bridge before she has time to build up velocity and what not.
Completely and technologically averted in Crusade, when Lochley's Starfury is heading into the hangar bay at ~1/2 of the Excalibur's cruising speed. Gravity traps slow the fighter so it doesn't splat on the back of the bay. Which is saying something because the Excalibur is one of the first Earth ships to use an Artificial Gravity generator.
Averted in Sanctuary, where a guy with the ability to fly catches a guy jumping out of a high rise building. Having descended maybe 10 to 20 stories, coupled with the would-be rescuer hitting him sideways at what would appear to be about 5 mph, the man ends up with four cracked ribs. Such an impact probably should have caused even more damage, though.
A Hercules/Xena crossover (can't remember which show) where Xena is in the clutches of a flying monster hundreds of feet in the air and decides to stab it. She plummets down to earth and Hercules catches her in his arms. She's fine.
In one episode of Hercules, a baby is flying through the air and he catches it by diving to the ground and holding his hands out, which are sitting stationary on the ground when the baby lands on them unharmed.
One of his super-powers must be soft fluffy hands.
The Doctor plays it straight in "The End of Time", where he survives a fall from a (low altitude but rapidly climbing) spaceship all the way down to the bottom floor of a mansion with little more than a mussed-up suit and some scratches from bursting through the glass ceiling. Notably, the original script called for the fall to be much, much shorter, the ship much closer to the ground, but it was changed to look more dramatic.
The Fourth Doctor wasn't quite as lucky, or durable - he dies from a much shorter fall.
In "Partners in Crime", the Doctor seizes the mechanism of the falling window-washer bucket he and Donna are in, stopping it within a second without harming either of them.
In "The Name of the Doctor", the TARDIS is hovering high over Trenzalore when the Eleventh Doctor turns off the anti-gravity system. The trope is somewhat justified in this case because what happens outside a TARDIS doesn't necessarily translate inside, so the Doctor and Clara step out of the TARDIS just fine after landing, though it's noted the TARDIS did glow red hot for a moment and suffer a broken pane of glass. ("Oops.")
Penny: You know, I do like the one where Lois Lane falls from the helicopter and Superman swooshes down and catches her. Which one was that?
Leonard, Sheldon, Wolowitz: One. [Raj holds up one finger]
Sheldon: You do know that scene was rife with scientific inaccuracy?
Penny: Yes, I know men can't fly.
Sheldon: No, no, let's assume that they can! Lois Lane is falling, accelerating at an initial rate of thirty-two feet per second per second. Superman swoops down to save her by reaching out two arms of steel. Miss Lane, who is now traveling at approximately one hundred twenty miles an hour, hits them, and is immediately sliced into three equal pieces.
Leonard: Unless Superman matches her speed and decelerates.
Sheldon: In what space, sir, in what space? She's two feet above the ground. Frankly, if he really loved her, he'd let her hit the pavement. It'd be a more merciful death.
And yet Leonard is correct - that's exactly what Superman does and Sheldon, having a Photographic Memory, should know that already.
In One Thousand Ways To Die, a woman is sucked out of a plane mid-flight. Due to wind velocity violently scouring the body, the abnormally cold air, and lack of oxygen, she dies before hitting the water below. This is one of the show's rare cases of Truth in Television, since this is exactly what would happen if someone were sucked out of the plane at high altitude, and in fact actually happened to a stewardess aboard Aloha Airlines Flight 243 in April 1988. Flight 243 was an old Boeing 737, built in the 60's, that had endured tens of thousands of pressurization cycles and operated in the warm salt air over the Pacific Ocean. The fuselage skin started to crack just behind the cockpit bulkhead due to corrosion and metal fatigue. Finally, while cruising at 24,000 feet, nearly a third of the roof peeled off, sucking a stewardess out of the plane. What saved the plane and the passengers (who were buckled into their seats) is that, unlike the 1981 crash of a Boeing 737 owned by Far Eastern Air Transport, the floor stayed intact. (In the 1981 crash, both the ceiling AND the floor ripped off, dooming the plane and the passengers.)
Averted in an episode of Burn Notice. Michael jumps from two stories and manages to evade his pursuers with a sprained ankle. As he explains in a later episode, it's all down to technique. Two stories is not that high (about 20 feet), plus he knew how to take a landing: bend the knees as you hit, tuck and roll. All this helps to absorb and deflect the impact of landing. He also points out that it still hurts (all this is quite realistic).
Zig-zagged in Barnaby Jones's "Sing A Song Of Murder": a singer falls off a diving board into an empty swimming pool and lands on his head, and his manager and her colleague decide to cover it up by burying his body and making it look like he was kidnapped for a $500,000 ransom. It turns out the guy was still alive, and it was the loss of air when he was buried that killed him.
Played straight in Stern Pinball's Batman; the "Rescue Rachel" mode has Rachel falling down the side of a building, and Batman swinging by with his grappling hook to rescue her without any trauma.
At least three editions of the Hero System rules have used some variant of the following line to open the rules on falling damage:
Falling itself does no damage whatsoever to a character — but the impact with the ground can be mighty painful.
Given its roots in the superhero genre, it's not surprising that Hero does allow a character who catches another to apply his or her strength to reduce the damage taken by both, potentially all the way down to zero. (Of course, by the 6th edition game rules terminal velocity on Earth still translates to 30d6 — yes, that's thirty dice — of "normal" damage, which would require an unheard-of STR of 150 to negate completely.) The game even covers the angle of falling desolidified characters, who basically have the choice of either taking falling damage normally or else keeping on falling through the ground...which may well be worse if they have no other way to stop and no appropriate life support.
In Exalted, Perfect Defences allow you to take no damage from anything, falling damage included. This makes sense for the ones that turn your skin to iron or even allow you to block attacks but how in Creation do you dodge the ground? It's not by "throwing yourself at the ground and missing", because Arthur Dent already tried that.
You can't dodge or parry the ground, even with a perfect defense — they work only against any attack, and falling hard is not an attack. This is clarified in a sidebar in Infernals. The few exceptions are justified (like a perfect parry that turns your skin to magic invulnerable brass, and a perfect dodge that dodges the fate of whatever was going to happen to you.)
Ninjas & Superspies had two martial arts powers that allowed a character to survive extremely long falls with minimal damage.
The monk class in most editions of Dungeons & Dragons can survive long falls without damage as long as they're close to a wall (or capable of bluffing the DM).
Any high level character can survive. You suffer 1d6 damage per 10 feetnote According to Dragon magazine #70, page 13, this was a printing error; the damage was supposed to be cumulative, with a 10 foot fall doing 1d6, a 20 foot fall doing 1d6+2d6, a 30 foot fall doing 1d6+2d6+3d6, etc. up to 20d6 damage, or generally between 60 and 80 points. You also have to roll versus death from massive damage but anyone capable of surviving the damage will make the save. By the time you're high level, you probably have other means of surviving a fall anyway.
The monk makes their fall slower by scrapping against the wall or other method of deceleration, they still take normal damage if there's nothing nearby.
This rule was abused in the sequel to The Intercontinental Union of Disgusting Characters. Ridiculous Sword is hurling toward Central Earth at nearly the speed of light. The last few feet of vertical travel before she hits the ground, however, just happen to be within 8 feet of a castle wall. So, although she makes a self-shaped impact crater over a mile deep, she takes no damage from the fall.
7th Sea, as part of its Rule of Cool swashbuckling theme, allows you to fall from any height with no damage as long as you land on something "soft", including hay bales, awnings, water and people.
Dungeons & Dragons Online, true to its tabletop roots, allows high-level monks to fall very long distances without taking damage. There are feather fall items that allow any character to drift slowly downward and take no damage, but monks take no damage despite falling at full speed. There's one instance where monks are well advised to have a feather fall item anyway: not because they'll take damage from hitting the ground, but because otherwise they'll be alone in combat at the bottom of the shaft for a minute or so while the rest of the party is wafting lazily downward. If you know it's coming, you can try to land on a ledge a little above the bottom and wait for the rest of the party, but if you miss that you're in trouble.
In cutscenes in Final Fantasy XIII, Lightning utilizes a device called a Grav-Con unit to survive incredible falls and jumps (it reverses gravity just before the character hits the ground).
In Odin Sphere, after a boss fight in the sky, Gwendolyn laments her impending death and converses with the spirit of her dead sister. This goes on for several minutes and another cutscene plays in the middle of it. After falling long enough for a bathroom break, her lover, Oswald, saves her by making a quick jump from somewhere below and catching her.
In Rune, one multiplayer death message states death by deceleration trauma.
Sonic the Hedgehog might be the largest offender of this trope, since his ability has always been to run really really fast. Not necessarily stop super fast. (Likewise, he doesn't suffer fall damage.) The closest the games get to depicting wall crash damage is to make him flatten against the wall, fall on the ground, and promptly spring back up, Disney-style (this was to be depicted in Sonic 2 and Generations, but cut out; it only appears in other 3D games like Sonic Unleashed (PS2).)
In game, you actually do slow down to a stop. During cutscenes, he skids to a halt. Make of that what you will.
In Sonic Generations, a skill called "Stop on a Dime" allows Sonic to slow down quicker.
Averted in the Tomb Raider series: Lara can grab onto ledges with one arm, but if she falls too far, she automatically dies no matter what she lands on and the grab action no longer works.
Riddick in The Chronicles of Riddick: Escape from Butcher Bay survives a massive fall by grabbing a guard with him and holding him in front of him, which resulted in the guard hitting the ground first and taking the impact, leaving our favourite anti-hero unscathed. Badass as this may be, it landed him in a dark, underground subterranean level of the prison filled with nasty aliens with a dwindling flashlight and not much ammo. Bonus points for actually mentioning this trope, word for word.
In Prince of Persia 2: The Shadow and The Flame, attempting to grab a ledge after you've fallen beyond the ordinarily lethal limit, will leave you crushed on the floor... while your arms dangle from the ledge above.
And in the original, the grab action would simply fail to stop a lethal fall, except in those ports where it didn't, allowing some major unintended shortcuts.
In the Sands of Time games almost any fall will kill you, even ones that would only cause discomfort. Justified in that given the environments he's in, even a broken ankle or sprain would effectively kill him. In the same game if you fall from a great height but manage to get near a ledge just before hitting the floor, the prince will grab onto the ledge - completely decelerating in a fraction of a second - before losing his grip and falling to the floor. Decelerating from terminal velocity using only his fingertips doesn't harm him, but the short drop to the floor below kills him outright.
Averted in Dark Forces 2: Jedi Knight, which incorporated collision damage. Any abrupt impact from any direction hurts the same way; Force Jump and you'll take damage appropriately should there be a low ceiling in your way. Force Speed and run into a wall and you'll also take damage.
Averted in Crackdown: arresting a long fall by grabbing onto a ledge still hurts just as much as it would normally, but in spite of the sickening "crunch" sound implying that the agent has just broken his arms, he doesn't let go of the ledge. Using the agent's stomp ability doesn't prevent damage, but falling into water does.
Subverted in EA's Skate. If your character falls above a certain height without landing on a decently sized slope, he won't land the trick. This can get rather ridiculous if he looks like he should have been able to land the jump. If this is the case, your skater will stand firm for a second, but then just slump over and rag doll.
In the Halo novel First Strike, a collection of Spartans make a similar freefall from an approaching shuttle in low orbit and nearly all suffer severe injury or death. However, these Spartans are wearing "Mark V" armor(the armor MC has in Halo 1) rather than the "Mark VI" that the MC wears in Halo 2 and 3. This is all justified in The Fall of Reach where the SPARTAN-IIs were all modified to have steel coated bones, super strength, and other modifications. They also tested the armor on normal humans. The armor moved too fast for them, and liquefied what tried to move. Then they convulsed in pain and were turned to 100% liquid. Master Chief and the other SPARTANs can only use it due to extensive modification, which is amplified by the suit.
In the Halo 3 beta if you turned up the movement speed as high as it could go, players could die by simply running into each other fast enough.
Halo: Reach has your character thrown off a doomed Covenant Corvette, and you survive, despite the (relatively) old armor you have access to. How do they explain this? If you look closely enough at the thing on your back, you can see the words "REENTRY PACK" stamped on the side of it. It's (apparently) able to lock the Spartan's armor like what Master Chief did in Halo 2/3 and/or augment the energy shield to better withstand the re-entry. On the other hand, Noble Six is seen limping afterward and apparently injured his/her shoulder, so there were still injuries.
In most gameplay situations, you automatically die in midair after falling about 30 feet.
Averted with the summoning stones introduced in World of Warcraft's Burning Crusade, where if someone is falling off a cliff and is summoned to the dungeon, they hit the ground with all the force they should. This would require rather careful timing. When Wrath of the Lich King introduced a dungeon finder that allowed you to teleport to dungeons at will, they made the caveat that teleportation was not possible while falling.
This is averted in Wallace & Gromit: Project Zoo. A fall over a certain height will injure or even kill Gromit no matter what is done.
Portal lacks fall damage, but lampshades it by putting spring mechanisms on Chell's heels that absorb the force of impact. The game's own developer commentary discusses this — Chell was given leg springs because playtesters complained about her surviving "falls that would kill Gordon Freeman."
Portal is notable in that its unique conservation of momentum allows terminal velocity to be reached over short distances and vertical acceleration can quickly become horizontal. Yet you always land on your feet, completely upright. And if you construct your portals a certain way (both on the floor but "aligned" improperly) and bounce between them over and over, you can quickly get turned upside-down, though Chell is always capable of righting herself. There is a theory that she is righted by gyroscopes in the springs.
The final promo for the sequel shows that Chell now has special boots instead of just the springs. The narrator Cave Johnson claims they prevent her from landing anywhere except on her feet (there is no evidence to support this, as all of Chell's flips are of her own accord). This is not mentioned in the game proper although it is commented on by GLaDOS) and early in the game, Wheatley still sounds concerned about Chell jumping into a large pit and landing on, say, her head.
The Half-Life series does have falling damage, but if the player character can catch hold of a ladder (or rope, in some sequels) on the way down, all that momentum dissipates like magic. Additionally, Soft Water is in full effect, such that a few inches of water will cancel the momentum of the player character.
Entirely averted in the Banjo-Kazooie series: after about two stories' worth of falling, Banjo loses control and can no longer grab anything or use any ability similar to a double jump, which he has several of. You can also perform his and Kazooie's version of the Ground Pound while falling like that, and if you're close enough to the ground when you do it, you won't take damage.
Averted in Crysis. If you mod your speed mode (by altering the difficulty level text files - the hardest of which is suffixed with "_bauer", amusingly) to go far faster than normal, manage to run up to full speed and smack into a wall or other object of scenery (train car, solid gate, whatever) it is quite possible to do some serious harm to yourself, and possibly even kill yourself.
In Team Fortress 2 the Scout doesn't take any fall damage from leaping off of high places if he does a double jump before hitting the ground. The Scout later got a pistol that somehow makes him immune to fall damage.
The Soldier can obtain a pair of boots that let him evade fall damage if he successfully does a Goomba Stomp on an enemy. Any damage he would've suffered goes to the stomped enemy instead...three-fold.
As other classes (or a Scout, if not double-jumping), you take falling damage if you drop more than twice your height, approximately. If your health is low, this kills you, complete with a notification on your clumsy, painful death.
Since this game uses the same engine as Half-Life 2, Soft Water is also in effect. Some mapmakers invoke the trope by intentionally using Soft Water or the ladder trick at strategic places.
In Super Smash Bros. Brawl's Subspace Emissary storyline, Lucas and the Pokémon Trainer are falling from a height of several hundred feet (well above the summit of an impressive mountain.) Meta Knight spots them and catches them nearly at ground level, flying them away from the mountain at a horizontal trajectory. Even more mind-boggling in that Meta Knight is smaller than either of those characters. (But then, many other characters fall from immense heights and don't need saving to come out unscathed...)
Averted in the latter two of the Creatures trilogy, in which you can injure Norns by picking them up and throwing them against walls. However, provided a fall is enough to injure the Norn at all, it injures them just as badly no matter how far they fall. (Although this is partially Truth in Television.)
Inverted in Spelunker, especially the NES version. Falling by knee-height in the NES version kills you mid-air.
Also inverted in many Action 52 platformers where the main character is killed mid-air too, if the fall lasts too long.
Averted in Fallout 3 and Fallout: New Vegas (both use the same engine). Falling from a too large height will damage you, and once you've passed the damaging height limit, you don't need to go much higher to kill yourself. There's also a cheat that increases the size of your character model... but it doesn't scale physics interactions with it. So it is entirely possible to turn yourself into a giant, but still die from what is now a knee-height fall. Amusingly, this is actually an accurate representation of physics, despite how silly it first appears. A creature that falls fifty feet is still going to be moving at the same speed when they hit the ground no matter what size they are. Landing in water, though, cancels fall damage... assuming you fall deep enough. You need about 3 feet of water below you to break the fall, otherwise you'll take full damage and die, only with your corpse floating in the water.
Using the GECK editor, it is possible to develop ways to cheat and alter a character's movement speed. This has the potentially dangerous side effect of causing damage by hurling yourself into various obstacles or pieces of debris strewn about the Wasteland.
In Left 4 Dead players that get knocked off a ledge will go into a "perilously clinging" state where they must be rescued by another player. If no one pulls them up after a certain amount of time, they fall and the game registers them as dead.
Naturally, falling off anything from a great height will kill survivors, but there is one minor exception. In the 2nd map of Dead Air where you activate the crane, if you look in the street below, there is a truck. If you jump off the roof and land on the truck, you'll be incapped instead of killed, but the game quickly eats away your health and kills you in just two seconds, since there's no way for your teammates to get down there and rescue you.
Also, landing on a zombie's head will break your fall no matter how far you had fallen. If you do this in an area where you are not supposed to be like in the example above, you die anyway.
Averted in Left 4 Dead 2, where the game will first drop you then check if the fall killed you. Used in some custom maps.
In Aion, even though you can fall from ridiculous heights, hitting the ground kills you instantly (from more than something like 10m or so). You can spread your wings just above the ground to save yourself though, but that's not necessarily that unrealistic (apart from the spreading your wings part :) ) - you only accelerate for a while, after that the air resistance counter acts the pull of gravity and after you spread the wings, you don't just stop immediately - you glide a bit, giving you much more time to dissipate the speed than simply splatting into the ground. Also, the world Aion is set in appears to have very strange gravitational properties (mainly to the Aether, which apparently acts as a kind of antigravitational Applied Phlebotinum and also thanks to the fact, that the planet is eaten from inside, thus having much smaller gravity... everyone moves like on Earth more or less though... Aether did it?)
In newer versions, Aion will actually kill you simply from falling. It takes somewhere between 5 to 10 seconds of unrestricted free-falling to instantly kill you without waiting for you to hit any surface whatsoever. Particularly noticeable if you try to free-fall from the upper abyss to the lower, and catch yourself near the end of the fall. This was probably implemented to counter the common abuse which allowed you to save quite a few seconds of flight time by doing this trick. Between Abyss levels this almost the same behaviour as before.
Prototype features no fall damage whatsoever; in fact there is an attack that is based on jumping as high as possible, then dropping down like a bullet and creating a MASSIVE shockwave that can even seriously damage tanks. This is justified as the protagonist has no bones to break or organs to rupture. Justified even further since he can absorb the mass of anything he devours, thus if he ate 60 people, he is extremely dense and now has the weight of 60 people in a centralized human-shaped body. 60 people x Average 100-200 weight (assuming) = Extremely hard weight slamming the ground at incredible speeds. So in Prototype's case, it's not Alex's fall that kills you, it's the resulting shock wave from the blow.
Early subversion in Legacy of the Wizard. If you fall from higher than the character's maximum jump height, it's gonna hurt. Not a total aversion, because the damage is the same no matter how high you fall from.
In the Ghost in the Shell game, the opening cut scene has our heroine leaping out of a helicopter flying high above and landing without trouble, possibly justified by her cyborg nature. And then in the rest of the game play, you die if you fall off an eight-foot high stack of crates, possibly justified by They Just Didn't Care. Base jumping without any apparent equipment is the Major's calling card, and it's never shown how she lands after these jumps.
In the Spyro games, no matter how far Spyro falls, even if it's from the highest point in a level to the lowest point, he'll simply hit the ground in a tiny puff of dust, and immediately keep on walking on legs that are miraculously not turned to mush. In A Hero's Tail and the Legend of Spyro trilogy, he'll start to scream in terror if he falls too far, but he's still always fine when he hits the ground.
In The Eternal Night, you do take slight but noticeable falling damage, which can be negated by gliding for at least the last foot or so of the fall. There are few things more embarrassing than beating a mini-boss or ambush with one HP left then dying on the next jump because you misjudged the height...
Mirrors Edge is Le Parkour on the rooftops of a futuristic city. It completely averts this trope and you have to take a roll to dampen the impact of jumps from considerable heights. If you miss a jump between buildings, there's really not much more you can do than bracing yourself for the sickening sound of a body hitting the sidewalk.
Played straight, however, in a cutscene where Kate falls out of a helicopter: She somehow manages not only to grab and hold onto the ledge of a building with her arms alone (because she's handcuffed), she isn't even remotely hurt by doing so (or, for that matter, by hitting a building from that distance in the first place).
No More Heroes 2: Desperate Struggle has a completely insane example in the ending. After finishing off the final boss, Travis plummets several hundred feet to the pavement, and Sylvia catches him...out of the air with one hand, while he's an inch from hitting the pavement, and slings him onto the back of her motorcycle.
It is justified, in that Travis doesn't take any damage from attacks where the player has no input during. Yes, this is the actual reason for it.
In Jet Grind Radio sequel Jet Set Radio Future, as long as you land within the level (i.e. you don't fall from a skyscraper, which deducts a few HP and sends you back to your nearest checkpoint) even ridiculously long falls cause no damage as long as you hit a grind rail or continually strike poses on your way down.
Painfully inverted in Battlefield 1942. Fall damage is calculated by judging the distance in your starting height and your end height. The damage scales horribly, and is even applied to vehicles. Walking down a hill too fast and fall 3 inches? Half your HP is gone. Drive a little too fast over a bump in the road and get the front of your tank just barely off the ground? It's probably going to explode and kill you as it "lands".
This also has an interesting effect when combined with the parachute. Some attacks (grenades, tank shells, aircraft splash damage, etc) blow you up into the air if they don't kill you outright. If you hit your parachute (or land on something even slightly higher than the ground you started from) you'll live. The parachute will nullify all fall damage regardless of how long it has been deployed, with the caveat that you can only deploy it once you've already fallen further than your starting height, making it tricky to deploy in time (due to reflexes and lag) if you're being abused by shoddy map geometry.
Partially averted and partially played straight in Just Cause 2. The aversion: free-falling from great heights will injure or kill Rico, whether the fall is onto land or water. There are no ledges to grab onto, either. However, Rico's wrist-mounted grappling hook is essentially this trope's purest interactive representation. Need to pull yourself 50 meters up the side of a building in 2 seconds? Done! Need to make that same trip in reverse? No problem! And the piece de resistance: fly a plane 10,000 feet in the air, jump out, wait until you're about 30 feet from the ground, then fire the hook. It will attach to the ground and reel you in for no damage. So hitting the ground at terminal velocity will kill Rico. Using the grappling hook to pull him to the ground even faster allows him to survive.
Also, even if falling from terminal velocity, wait to deploy your parachute at the last possible second and see what happens. That's right! All that will happen is that Rico falls down, says something along the lines of "sheesh" or "Whoa... To close for comfort." and have absolutely no damage.
Worse than all of the above examples is you can bail out of a flaming out of control jet and come out about a foot off the ground and land because you were so close to the ground that the game never has you freefalling and the speed is negated when you jump out of the jet so you're perfectly fine.
The above about freefalling is especially silly in that Rico can, even without the hook or the parachute, fall much further than most other Wide Open Sandbox protagonists can without taking damage. Jumping off from the top of a water tower (typically after dropping a grenade on it first) without injury is just the start.
In Dead Rising, Frank West takes roughly normal (in video game terms) falling damage, unless he does a knee drop. That's right, landing on your feet hurts, but directing all the force into your kneecap is a perfect solution.
Kratos in God of War, being a demi-god, is rather good at surviving falls, unless it's into a Bottomless Pit of some kind. In the second game, he performs a Literal Cliff Hanger with his chainblades after leaping off the back of a Griffin. Another occurs in the third, when he leaps from the Labyrinth inside Mount Olympus all the way into the Underworld.
The Legend of Zelda - Link would always take damage falling into Bottomless Pits or deep water, but the 3D titles also added falling damage from a sufficient enough height. In later games, if you fall too far the roll move will no longer save you from damage.
An extreme is present in Seiken Densetsu 3, where being launched into air by a spring-like mushroom, flying up about 2 kilometers and falling back down leaves you unharmed (another example is Bon Voyage's cannon).
Subverted with Super Mario Sunshine - falling for too long will make Mario flail around unable to do anything until his splat on the floor, but if you do a Ground Pound before that, then as long as there's ground underneath, you won't take any damage. Not even if you fall until Mario begins to light on fire as if it was re-entry from falling so far.
The Lord of the Rings Online: Averted. Falling from a small height will at least get you injured and limping for up to a minute. Falling even further or far enough to take damage while the injury debuff is active will kill you instantly, however.
In the Game Boy versions of Turok and Turok 2, falling for a certain amount of time causes Turok to enter a different falling animation. He dies as soon as he touches any solid ground while in this animation.
In the Assassin's Creed games (including Assassins Creed II and Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood), averted with Desmond Miles due to the lack of areas high enough for a fatal fall — though this is stretched in Brotherhood due to his much greater free-running. However, he becomes "desynchronized" with his ancestors Altaďr and Ezio's memories if they "die," including fatal falls. However, so long as they manage to grab onto any ledge on the way down they suffer no fall damage. Ezio also has the ability to roll (hold forward on the left stick) to reduce the fall distance for the purposes of calculating damage, which with a low enough fall can prevent fall damage.
In Brotherhood, Ezio can acquire Parachutes (after completing all four of the War Machine missions; he's granted five to start and can buy more from tailors, carrying up to fifteen at once) which can be triggered during a fall to avert fall damage.
The series also features Leaps of Faith, including some ridiculously cool jumps from the tallest towers in each game. The character will survive these leaps just fine, because the landing is softened by a haystack, a pile of leaves or in the latest installment, a bush of flowers.
In the first Ratchet & Clank game Ratchet and Clank wind up falling from the platform where they fight and defeat Chairman Drek. Ratchet even looks down and you can't see the ground from how high up they are. And yet, Clank, changing to his Thruster Pack mode, and propelling himself against Ratchet seconds before hitting the ground is enough for the pair to just skid against the ground a bit. The only injury sustained by either of them is Clank's broken servos in his arm, which were from the force of holding up Ratchet's weight BEFORE they fell.
In Minecraft falling into water more than two blocks deep will prevent any fall damage. The same applies when catching a ladder.
The death message reminds you that you didn't die from falling, you just hit the ground too hard.
In In FAMOUS, Cole can leap off the tallest building in the game, and suffer no damage at all. Unless he falls into water. Also, anything he lands on (unless he's using the Thunder Drop) will also be perfectly fine. Turns out he uses his Kinetic Shockwave to dampen his fall (notice the dust spreading from his impact point).
In the Spider-Man 2 game, it's possible to save yourself from a long fall by shooting off a web zip-line, which Spidey uses to sharply pull himself horizontally. It's quite possible to jump off the Empire State Building and then suddenly jerk to the side inches from the ground.
Bug! You only die if you fell off the terrain itself (each level is a huge floating 3D terrain). As long as Bug lands on a platform, he'll be safe.
One of the patches to Unreal Tournament 2003 added falling damage when you perform a wall jump (i.e. you could no longer jump down a tower and wall-jump at the last second). As a concession, the shield gun now protects against falling damage.
At the end of the manor house level in Medal of Honor: Frontline, you and Geritt escape by jumping off a several story high balcony into a hay wagon. He hits the ground and survives, but you die if you miss the wagon.
In the Syphon Filter series, falling more than 10 or so feet in-game is fatal, although Logan survives falls much further than this in cutscenes, such as jumping through the glass ceiling of the Pharcom Expo Center's entry hall, off a high bridge onto a train, and down an airshaft in the Agency Biolab to grab a vent just above a giant fan.
In the second game, it's confirmed that Sheba is a Wind Adept, and Kraden suggests that she subconsciously used her powers to slow the fall, rather than breaking it. Whirlwinds carrying water is how water spouts are formed, so Sheba's powers also explain the "seas rising up" part.
Played straight initially in Deus Ex: Human Revolution then Hand Waved with the optional addition of an augmentation that allows Jensen to fall from any height and survive. The game always shows Jensen activating something that shoots lightning downwards that, apparently, creates a cushion for a soft landing. Interestingly, this neither consumes nor requires energy.
That would be the appropriately-named Icarus Landing System. It is described with the following technobabble: "A discreet augmentation surgically implanted in the user's lower back, slightly above the coccyx at the base of the vertebral column. The device has an acceleration descent sensor built in; in free fall, the unit will automatically activate the patented High-Fall Safeguard System, an EMF decelerator generating a fixed-focus electromagnetic lensing field, projected downward along the plane of the drop. This field pushes against the Earth's magnetosphere and slows the user's descent to a manageable velocity, allowing him to fall from almost any height (within reason) to a relatively soft landing."
A lesser example occurs in the original. JC can obtain a leg augmentation which reduces (but doesn't completely negate) fall damage. When sufficiently upgraded, this enables a particularly notorious Dungeon Bypass in which he jumps from the roof of a building rather than having to fight through several floors of Mooks.
In Shadow of the Colossus, Wander can successfully break any fall if he grabs onto something before hitting the ground. This is particularly amusing to witness during the battle with the last colossus, where Wander can plummet several stories and still emerged unharmed as long as he catches a ledge on his way down. Up to a certain height, hitting the ground will only do damage, and not an enormous amount. Once you pass that height, you die on impact, even if a slightly shorter fall would barely inconvenience Wander with a maxed life bar.
Batman: Arkham Asylum attempted to justify this by means of Batman's glider cape: if he is falling towards the ground, the cape will automatically open a few feet before the ground, slowing his descent somewhat. However, it's played completely straight in the sequel, in which Batman gains a new move which allows him to dive vertically (without his cape opening) and still hit the ground unharmed. Additionally, Catwoman is able to jump huge vertical distances and not take any damage when hitting the ground (it's occasionally handwaved by having her perform a combat roll when landing). Finally, in both games it's played straight in another instance, as Batman and Catwoman are able to throw mooks off of very tall buildings, but when their bodies are scanned after the fact they are invariably described as "Unconscious", even if the falls are long enough to realistically kill even a very strong person.
Partial "justification" for Batman's vertical dive bomb attack in Arkham City: the move utilizes the same comic book technology involved in the cape, the utility belt, the helmet, and pretty much every square inch of the suit, to store up the kinetic energy of the impact to release in an area of effect. The Batsuit in the games is not so much the classic "skintight silk costume" as "powered armor with a bat motif."
In Video game/World of Warcraft, fall damage is quite lethal (except for the Soft Water), but a warrior (or druid in bear form) can use their Charge ability on an enemy, which causes them to rush up to that foe. However, the scripted movement for the Charge overrides the fact that they're currently falling, so they end up on the ground having suffered no damage. Also, casting Slow Fall or Levitate will instantly reduce a falling character's speed, to no ill effect, and they will suffer no damage when they hit the ground - regardless of how far they fell prior to that point.
Garry's Mod is even worse than the above Half-Life 2 in this regard - no matter how far you fall, unless you have some addon that makes falls more realistically painful, at most you will suffer ten damage (which, by the way, can be easily and immediately regained by spawning and using a pair of one of the default entities that comes with Garry's Mod). As stated, there are some addons that make this more realistic, like the "Perfected Climb SWEP". Given the nature of Garry's Mod, however, the default behavior is likely a safety to help keep you from hurting yourself while world-building. The fact that realistic damage add-ons exist and can be activated means the choice (as in most things in Garry's Mod) is up to the world-builder.
Video game/Everquest keeps similar physics to World of Warcraft: falling any significant depth will damage or kill you, with the damage being proportionate to the fall. A fall into any body of water (no matter now long the fall or how deep the water) will result in no damage.
Video game/Final Fantasy Tactics has characters take fall damage if they fall a greater distance than their jump rating (4 for most classes), at a rate of 10% of Max HP per height level. A fall of 10 or more over the character's jump rating is always fatal. Given the scale of the game, this isn't actually all that high (roughly ten yards).
In Quantum Conundrum, you'll survive any fall as long as you shift to the Fluffy dimension, giving you a plush cotton floor to land on. Though even in normal dimensions, you seem pretty resistant to fall damage for a child.
Justified in the Glory of Heracles series, in which your characters are immortals who can jump off high cliffs without even taking damage. If you have any mortals in your party, you won't be able to jump off cliffs until they're gone.
Saints Row: The Third has semi-realistic fall damage. Jumping off a ledge that is 10 feet above the ground will do some serious damage to your character. Using a parachute to avoid the fall also isn't a sure-fire way to take no damage, depending on how well you control it. However, the trope is played straight to increasing degrees as you start buying upgrades that reduce damage from falling. The final of these upgrades makes it where you are completely immune to any fall damage. You can jump off a skyscraper and face plant into the sidewalk without a single scratch on you.
Final Fantasy X has a cutscene where Yuna comes up with a plan to escape her wedding to Seymour, settling on jumping off the roof of the building, and summoning Valefor as she falls, landing on her just a relatively short distance from the ground. As awesome as that is, Yuna would still have died upon landing on Valefor (not even mentioning that she was going head-first when she fell).
Hilariously averted in Resident Evil 4 during the Pueblo Village attack, due to Leon's habit of jumping down ladders rather than climbing them. If you climb up into the 50 foot high watchtower, Leon will still jump down, fall at a steady speed for a good three seconds, and land without so much as a grunt. It's worth pointing out that Leon isn't nearly so invulnerable to falling during any of the game's obnoxious Press X to Not Die cutscenes.
Ashley is a similar case, always jumping after Leon with him catching her at the last moment. Amusingly enough, using the second alternative costume (A heavy suit of armor), Leon clutches his side in pain after breaking her fall each time.
Borderlands featured minor fall damage that fit this trope, but Borderlands 2 removed fall damage altogether. In fact, at one point, one of the characters tells you that while you're standing on an easily 200 foot skyscraper to jump off, if you do so he remarks how badass you are. Of course the player will do so because there's absolutely no punishment to doing it other than being praised for it.
BioShock Infinite the player can jump from one skyline to another with the sky-hook, and even if he falls a hundred feet from the air as long as he can latch on a skyline with his sky-hook he's ok. If it were real the fall would have dislodged his arm from his socket, or should have broken the sky-hook from all that force.
The Oliver Twins' original Super Robin Hood implemented fall damage by having Robin gradually lose Hit Pointswhile falling. Likely this was to make damage calculations easier to code or more transparent to the player, but it's still bewildering to see that the fall is literally what's killing Robin.
Final Fantasy XIV has players suffering fall damage if they jump off a cliff that is too high. However, you can't die from fall damage, only be reduced to 1 HP... as long as you're not currently in battle. If you are, you will die from falling too far.
Cube World plays it straight and averts it at the same time. Naturally, falling off from a high ledge makes you take damage from the fall and it's possible to bounce down a steep slope and take damage from each falling bounce. Hang gliders slow your ascent, but if you run out of stamina, your character spirals in circles before going down and crashing into the ground; crashing this way only leaves you dazed and you don't suffer a scratch at all!
Played rather strangely in Skyrim. Normally averted, as fall damage is definitely in play and can even be weaponized by judicious use of a certain shout. The odd part comes when an enemy falls just a short distance but then slides down a slope for a while before coming to a stop. The damage appears to be calculated as if it were falling the whole time.
Also, if you fall while riding a horse, the horse takes the entire impact. So you can fall off a mountain and walk away unscathed from the crumpled corpse of your former mount.
Subverted in Monster Hunter. Falling off a large height will cause you to "stick" your landing, forcing you to be still for a few seconds, and if you were in transport mode, whatever you were carrying will be destroyed unless you have a skill that negates the effect (e.g. Felyne Lander). However, you can never take damage from a fall, even if it was off a volcanic peak that has to be at least 100 meters high.
In The Order of the Stick, Roy Greenhilt's monologue before hitting the ground? "(I'm) an adventurer, (I) can weasel my way out of this!" No, he can't.
Averted for the most part, with constant use of "feather fall" by V and others to slow down people's decent to survivable levels. Durkon once used what he called the "cleric feather fall" Let a person smash into the ground, then heal them.
Subverted in the Snips, Snails and Dragon Tails print comic. Elan's retelling of Jack and the Beanstalk gets (even more) derailed at the end when Roy points out fall damage in D&D isn't enough to kill any species of giant in the setting (strictly speaking it could fail its saving throw against massive damage by rolling a one, but Roy would be forgiven for not including that). Elan is hastily forced to retcon the ending.
Done pretty reasonably in Gunnerkrigg Court. When Antimony falls off the bridge, the TicTocs grab her and slow her fall until she's at a safe height... then they drop her into the river.
In 8-Bit Theater, Thief survives an extremely long fall via the aforementioned "double jump" method.
In another strip this is averted when the main characters are falling at a fast speed from hundreds of feet in the air. Even though they are teleported to the ground, that doesn't stop the acceleration from the fall. Bloody mess.
Bear in mind that the one that teleported them could have done something to arrest their fall and get them to land unharmed, but Sarda is called an OmnipotentJackass for a reason.
Fighter: The way I figured it, the fall doesn't kill you. The ground does. So I blocked it. Thief: You blocked the Earth. Fighter: Why not? I can block magic and fire and all kinds of stuff. Thief: I hate it when the things he says that don't make sense make sense.
Simultaneously averted and somewhat played straight in Drowtales when Ariel falls from the top of one tower down to the bottom, though she does stop briefly at one point. It's hard to see, but she briefly uses air sorcery to slow her descent. That said, when she hits the ground she's in bad shape with internal bleeding (both from the fall and an earlier stab wound) and it's strongly suggested that if it wasn't for the resident Empathic Healer Faen that she would have died.
And later on it happens to her again, complete with a callback to the first instance when Faen is again the one to find her, and while she's not killed by the fall it's heavily implied that she's seriously damaged her back and possibly cracked several vertebrae, and will obviously be out of commission for quite a while. Notably she had tried to use her hair to slow the fall, but the pressure from her attacker shredded the "wings" before they could be properly formed.
A storyline in MegaTokyo centers around getting medical aid for a boy whose Magical Girl love interest tried to carry him while Roof Hopping. She made sure he didn't hit anything, but she still shook him up with enough force to launch someone onto a rooftop.
Schlock Mercenary postulates that it's not even the sudden stop that kills you, but the fact that part of your body has stopped while the rest is still going, resulting in your body crushing itself. Through the use of "inertics" to control inertia, even the most sudden of stops are made not only survivable but not even an inconvenience by spreading out the massive acceleration to the entire body at the same time.
In Erfworld, what (possibly) croaks you is a transition from airspace to a ground zone without making a proper landing (which you generally can't do if it's not your side's turn). Even hopping down from a flying mount hovering just above the ground can be incapacitating or fatal.
In Teen Girl Squad it's mentioned that if you fall into a bottomless pit, you die of starvation. In reality, dehydration would get to you first.
Every super-strong or super-fast hero in the Global Guardians PBEM Universe falls under this trope. Momentum and kinetic energy just never seem to enter into any rescue catches or super-speed evacuations.
Subverted or deconstructed every time in the Whateley Universe, where the powers aren't as big and the physics seems to matter more. In "Ayla and the Birthday Brawl", Elite League are running through a holographic simulation. When the Squishy Wizard Spellbinder gets blasted into the air by a magical trap and Flying Brick Bombshell flies forward to catch her, the impact knocks Spellbinder out and injures her.
This is pretty prevalent in most cartoons (a fall that was meant to kill Darkwing Duck merely hurts a lot when he lands in a garbage truck; the same fall later is nonlethal to Negaduck when he bounces off electrical wires and up, even when the garbage truck is pulled away), although there is also a common subversion when a character is trying to catch something, does so... and the falling object takes their arms with it. This gives the would-be hero enough time to stare plaintively at the camera before being dragged down.
On Avatar: The Last Airbender Azula falls very far off from a flying object and manages to land perfectly on her feet on the side of a cliff.
Also justified several times with Aang, who can bend the air around him to slow himself down before landing.
Parodied in an episode of Futurama: Bender is about to leap off a space train (...) and his hobo friend advises him: "We're going at nearly the speed of light, so... roll when you land."
Danny Phantom in human form falls dozens of feet from the air and managed to grab onto a flagpole harmlessly. The flagpole later snaps and he falls another dozen or so, bounces off a sheet attached to a building, and into bags of garbage without taking any injury, but hey.
Sam and Tucker are dropped from the top of a building into a dumpster. They just get grossed out.
Subverted in an episode of Ćon Flux where a falling Aeon shoots a grappling hook at a bridge, before getting entangled in the rope and dying instantly when the rope finally tightens.
Happened in the TaleSpin pilot: near the end, Kit is thrown off the Iron Vulture high above Cape Suzette. He is saved by Baloo, who raced to the scene all the way from Louie's with the Sea Duck in constant overdrive, and caught him inches above sea level.
Happened in the Batman/Superman movie "World's Finest." Similar to what happened in Hush, Bruce Wayne tries to catch himself with his arms while falling off a building. He visibly falls at least 10 stories if not more, and is able to catch himself without ripping his arms off or breaking any bones.
Done in Once Upon a Forest when Abigail falls off the flapper-wingamathing while trying to retrieve lungwort from the side of a very tall cliff, but is saved by grabbing onto the wing after Russel swoops the flying machine down to catch her.
The Super Mario World cartoon, in the Mama Luigi episode. "I fell for hours! ... Well, it seemed like hours. Anyway, I was falling, nothing below me but boiling lava! Good thing I found the magic balloon!"
Averted quite brutally in the Happy Tree Friends episode "Better Off Bread", in which Giggles falls off a cliff and is rescued in mid-air by Splendid the flying squirrel....and the impact snaps her spine! Worse, Splendid's constant acceleration and deceleration repeatedly breaks her spine, each time with a sickly "Crush" sound.
The Tick: "Aha! I'll bounce off that flagpole and flip to safety!" snap "Uh-heh! I'll bounce off that... broad, flat surface and be in a lot of pain!" CRASH!!!"AAAAAAGGGGGHHHH!!!" "Gravity Is a Harsh Mistress..."
In case you were wondering, The Tick averts this trope. The main character is Nigh Invulnerable, however, and escapes unharmed. The pavement got a small dent in it, though.
Happens in the Bamse TV series, in the episode with the volcano. Bamse falls off the volcano, but Skalman manages to grab hold of his belt from the helicopter moments before Bamse would have hit the ground. Instead of going from terminal velocity to zero, he's going from terminal velocity downwards to a not insignificant speed upwards. Yeah.
Parodied in an episode of The Simpsons, where Bart is thrown off a dam and saved by a Heel-Face Turn'd Sideshow Bob swinging by on a rope. When the rope is cut, they fall for several seconds (long enough that they have to take a breath between screams)...and then Bob lands groin-first on a pipe that's sticking out. As he sits frozen in pain, Bart climbs onto a nearby ledge, then pulls Bob up too.
In an episode of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Rarity falls for 50 seconds, which in Earth's gravity and air resistance would be at least a mile. Rainbow Dash accelerates to Mach 1, straight down, before catching her and making an instant 90-degree turn. This is approximately 1670 G's of force. Even better: three of the Wonderbolts had attempted to catch Rarity earlier in the fall, only to be knocked unconscious by Rarity's flailing hooves. Each of the stricken rescuers is at least a body lengths away from Rarity, in three different directions. Upon completion of the 90 degree turn, Rainbow Dash is seen to have the Wonderbolts on her back and carrying Rarity dangling from her front hooves. Rainbow Dash therefore performed a four way catch in a vertical hypersonic power dive (with the three unconscious victims piled on her back but yet not getting in the way of her wings) and then performed the 90 degree turn. (A physics student with too much time on his hand also once calculated that the Sonic Rainboom does not indicate breaching Mach 1, but Mach 5. True, she shattered the fabric of reality beforehand (and one could suppose the magic which is the only explanation for her flying at all can extend to her cargo), but this justification doesn't exist for these:
In "Secret of My Excess"; Spike and Rarity fall for around 30 seconds before Rainbow Dash and Fluttershy save them using only a piece of cloth.
In "Leap of Faith", Granny Smith dives off a six story tower and gets lassoed just before hitting the ground, leaving her completely unhurt.
In The Cutie Mark Chronicles, Filly Fluttershy is knocked off a cloud and falls thousands of feet to earth, screaming all the way. Just when you're expecting a fall to the death, she lands in some butterflies and is perfectly fine.
In "The Crystal Empire, Part 2", Spike falls from the castle tower after retrieving the Crystal Heart, but is intercepted in a Fastball Special by Cadance.
In a 2-part King of the Hill episode, Hank and Peggy go skydiving, but Peggy's parachute (and emergency chute) fail to deploy. Everyone fears her dead, and it's lampshaded just how miraculous a survival from that height is. She ends up in a full body cast, goes through a psychological roller coaster, and for a few episodes is still going through physical therapy just to walk again.
In the Five-Episode Pilot of Gargoyles, Goliath falls off a skyscraper and tries to grab a flagpole. It snaps immediately, in what the creators have referred to as a "This-ain't-Batman" moment.
Speaking of which, this was lampshaded in an episode of Batman Beyond when Terry was forced to use Bruce's old-school gear. He comments that the Grappling-Hook Pistol isn't so bad - right before he wrenches his shoulder using it.
In Batman: The Animated Series, as Two-Face prepares to push a terrified Hugo Strange out of a flying plane for cheating him and his fellow villains; The Joker sadistically wisecracks:
Happens quite sometime in Star Wars: The Clone Wars, most egregiously in the Season 2 episode "Landing at Point Rain". After Anakin and Ahsoka jumped down from the top of a ten-stories high droid fortress, they used the Force to slow themselves down about a meter from the ground, then they catch Rex -whom Anakin threw several meters high into the air before he himself jumped- about five inches above ground.
In one episode of Adventure Time, a shrunken Finn jumps out of a tree riding a squirrel to escape pursuers. Less than a second before they hit the ground, they land on a flying (parallel to the ground!) disc completely unharmed.
In the original 1980's Transformers series, Wheeljack (one of the few Autobots who can fly) is shot out of the air and is implied to be falling to his death. He's saved when Optimus Prime transforms into his truck form and allows Wheeljack to land on his trailer. Neither Wheeljack nor Prime's trailer got hurt.
Wile.E Coyote falls from high cliffs in his pursuit of the Roadrunner every episode and is always just fine afterwards. He's also crashed into rocks and walls at speed (or had large objects crash into him at speed) with similar results.
Referenced directly in the Visionaries: Knights of t he Magical Light episode "Feryl Steps Out". As he and Leoric prepare to jump off a ledge in Castle Darkstorm, Feryl comments on the "long drop", to which Leoric replies:
It isn't the drop, old friend, it's the landing!
At this point, he and Feryl jump off the ledge to have their fall broken by the nearby Dagger Assault.
The examples are the surprising Subversions of this trope; where extraordinarily lucky circumstances allowed something (or several somethings) to break the fall. The list of people who play it straight, so to speak, is much, much longer.
The Peregrine Falcon doesn't hit the ground, but can turn out of a stoop at such speed that it pulls Gs that would easily kill a human.
Death by hanging when done properly plays this straight, when the sudden force of deceleration after a quick drop (hopefully) causes the noose to cleanly snap the neck. Long-drop hanging was invented precisely to ensure this, with the prisoner weighed beforehand to determine the length of rope necessary.
Aversion in some instances as well; the shock and fear of falling can be enough to send someone into cardiac arrest, killing them or at least making them pass out before they hit ground.
Modern parachutes are designed to open slowly, ensuring integrity of both operator and parachute.
A pair of skydivers from the US Army Golden Knights collided in mid air while performing a "diamond track". One had his legs sliced off by the other's arm but survived, while the other was dead on arrival.
This is why people who get in car accidents may still suffer various injuries despite being safely seatbelted inside the car. The force of suddenly decelerating from forty or fifty miles per hour (or faster) to zero in a few seconds can cause considerable damage. Mind, without the seatbelts, the issue becomes the car decelerating suddenly while the passenger does not, sending them flying through the windshield before being suddenly decelerated by the ground or another stationary object instead.
Helmets can protect your head from various traumas, and are highly recommended for many activities because of it. That said, if the helmet is hit with enough force, the brain can still be damaged due to the force causing it to bounce around inside the skull. One well-studied occupation where this is an issue is soldiers (often subjected to explosions and other hazards). Another occupation where this is becoming acknowledged as a problem is American Football players (often subjected to other players running into them violently.)