[[quoteright:330:[[Film/{{Frankenstein 1931}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/dd1cd0a6b962404086f6072c5c5419bf.jpg]]]]

If you want to surprise the audience, you don't put the name of the actor for the surprise character in the opening credits.

Contrast SpoilerOpening when something in the opening of the show ruins a surprise.

See also SirNotAppearingInThisTrailer and CharacterAsHimself.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/GAGeijutsukaArtDesignClass'' is a rare anime example. A character was introduced in episode 6, but he was [[EarlyBirdCameo given an one-line speaking role]] in episode 5. In that episode, he was only listed as "Grade 11 Student -- [[Creator/MiyukiSawashiro M.S.]]"
* In the anime series ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}!'', [[spoiler:the Young Conductor]] is left nameless in the opening sequence. Oh, and [[spoiler:[[RedShirt he]] [[SacrificialLamb dies]] in Episode 2]], which means he's totally ''insignificant'' and ''unimportant'', right? '''WRONG.''' As it turns out, [[spoiler:not only does the Young Conductor live, but he's actually the Claire Stanfield / Vino / Rail Tracer -- an AxCrazy PsychoForHire TortureTechnician who snapped and has basically been responsible for ''doubling'' the dead body count on the train. And, if you're wondering, that body we ''thought'' was his in Episode 3? It was his ''victim's''.]]
** Another way to look at the above: [[spoiler:"Claire"/"Vino" is mentioned early on in the anime, but appears to be mysteriously missing from the opening credits, leading the viewer to wonder who that person is. Bonus points to the {{FanSub}} for translating the gender pronoun referring to him as "she" because they assumed [[GenderBlenderName "Claire" would be a female]].]]
* In the series' SpiritualSuccessor, [[LightNovel/Durarara]], [[spoiler:Mika Harima]] is left nameless in the first opening to add to the mystery surrounding her identity. After episode 12 reveals that she is in fact [[spoiler:Mika, and not Celty's head on Mika's body]], her name appears in the subsequent opening sequences just like every other character's.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* John Doe in ''Film/{{Se7en}}''. [[spoiler:Kevin Spacey]] insisted on this to avoid spoiling the killer's identity. The producers had wanted to give him top billing, so as a compromise, his name is the first thing shown in the closing credits.
* ''Film/StarTrekIIITheSearchForSpock'' did not list Creator/LeonardNimoy as an actor in the opening credits, though it did mention him as the director. What they did do in the opening credits was, since Nimoy's name had always directly followed Shatner's, simply leave a gap for several seconds where Leonard Nimoy would have been listed, showing no name at all before moving on to Creator/DeForestKelley and the other cast members. (And the gap consisted largely of a white screen, so one might imagine Nimoy's name ''is'' there, in white-on-white.)
* In the movie ''Film/TropicThunder'', the heavily-made-up [[spoiler:TomCruise]] isn't mentioned anywhere until the final credits roll. Neither is [[spoiler:Nick Nolte]].
* The 1931 film version of ''[[Film/{{Frankenstein 1931}} Frankenstein]]'' famously omitted Creator/BorisKarloff's name in the opening credits. Instead, [[FrankensteinsMonster the Monster]] is billed with a question mark.
** In turn, the 1935 ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein'' bills "The Monster's Mate" with a question mark, and only gives Elsa Lanchester credit for playing Mary Shelley in the prologue.
* ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove'' takes the cake on this one. Blofeld's debut as the BigBad of the ''Film/JamesBond'' movies starts the tradition of [[TheFaceless keeping his face off-camera]], prompting the use of this trick to make sure ''nobody'' could be sure what he looked like. Furthermore, not only is there no hint as to who plays him in the opening credits, the character is never referred to by name (he is addressed as "Number One" exactly once) in the movie itself. Finally, the ending credits acknowledge his existence by crediting one Ernst Blofeld with a question mark in place of the actor, prompting the audience to keep coming back.
* JackNicholson in ''Film/BroadcastNews''.
* ''Film/{{Sleuth}}'' was probably the only example in cinema history to do the exact opposite of this and pad out the opening credits with false names. The remake did not bother with this move, in what has to be the dumbest revealing of a spoiler ever.
* Creator/GaryOldman in ''Film/{{Hannibal}}''. He chose not to be credited after his request for above-title billing was rejected (since Anthony Hopkins and Julianne Moore already had it and MGM didn't want too many names above the title) but he was billed third in the closing credits for the video release.
* Peter Greene in ''Film/TheUsualSuspects'', for the character Redfoot, isn't in either the opening or closing credits [[spoiler:because he doesn't exist]].
* MorganFreeman in ''Film/TheBonfireOfTheVanities''. After being denied above-title billing (which Creator/TomHanks, Creator/BruceWillis and Creator/MelanieGriffith all had), Freeman chose not to be billed.
* Rob Lowe in ''Film/TommyBoy''. He turned down being billed as he didn't want to have to pay Screen Actors Guild fees for being in the film.
* Creator/BruceWillis in ''Film/FourRooms''. Willis did the film for free as a favor to Creator/QuentinTarantino and preferred that his appearance be a surprise (and that so he wouldn't have to pay the Screen Actors Guild money for doing a free gig).
* In ''TheViewaskewNiverse'' movies, Jason Mewes is always billed as Jay, but Creator/KevinSmith is never billed as Jay's HeterosexualLifePartner Silent Bob (the only exception was, understandably, ''Film/JayAndSilentBobStrikeBack'' where they were both billed).
* It was MGM house style in the 1930s that if actors played dual roles in a movie, they'd only be credited for one role. So in ''Film/SmilinThrough'', Fredric March is credited as Kenneth Wayne and Norma Shearer is credited as Kathleen in the main narrative, set in 1915. The credits do not mention that March plays [[IdenticalGrandson Kenneth's father Jeremy]] and Shearer plays [[UncannyFamilyResemblance Kathleen's aunt Moonyean]] in the extended 1868 {{Flashback}}.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TwentyFour'' has done this three times, twice for recurring villains.
* ''Series/TheXFiles'' often did this, at least twice with Nicholas Lea (Alex Krycek), who often popped up at surprising points late in episodes, and one notable time with the not-quite dead Cigarette-Smoking Man (William Davis).
* The seventh season {{premiere}} of ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' did this with the surprise cameos of the former {{Big Bad}}s at the end (actually the First Evil). Additionally, Buffy subverted this by adding the name of a character that would be killed off in the same episode to the opening credits for a single episode.
** The unexpected reappearance of [[spoiler:Giles]] in the penultimate episode of season six was kept from the opening credits, and even [[spoiler:the narrator of the PreviouslyOn]] was changed, giving the impression the character was gone for good.
** James Marsters was uncredited for the original airing of season 4's "The Harsh Light of Day" to make Spike's return a surprise. However, he is given credit in all later airings and home video releases of the episode.
** ''Series/{{Angel}}'' took a different approach: the character in question had made several appearances in flashbacks but hadn't appeared in "the present" for over two seasons. Thus, viewers were associating her name in the opening credits with "there will be a flashback in this episode" instead of "she will appear in the final minute of the episode to shock us all."
** ''Angel'' also played it straight on at least five occasions - Darla at the end of Season 1, Faith in the opening episode of season 2, Drusilla in Season 2, Willow in the final episode of season 2, and Lindsey in Season 5.
* ''Series/DoctorWho''
** The classic series frequently used pseudonyms to disguise appearances of the Master, or (in at least one instance) Davros.
** Averted in spectacular fashion for [[Recap/DoctorWhoS30E13JourneysEnd "Journey's End"]] twice! The ''Magazine/RadioTimes'' (Creator/TheBBC's own Listings Magazine!) published a cast list with Creator/DavidTennant playing the lead for the episode, four days before the episode was set to broadcast. This could have been easily {{handwave}}d by saying that the regeneration cliffhanger of the previous week's episode was so secret the ''Radio Times'' didn't know until it was broadcast and then there was no time to alter the listing before publication. Yet the listing acknowledges the regeneration and still prints Tennant's name under the lead role. Then when the episode airs they recap the last episode, complete with cliffhanger, then show the title sequence, still with Tennant's name in it, then resolve the cliffhanger.
** Creator/PatrickTroughton and Creator/TomBaker do not get credited for their post-regeneration appearances in their predecessors' final episode.
** Tom Baker doesn't get credited for his (archived) pre-regeneration appearance in [[Creator/PeterDavison his successor's]] [[Recap/DoctorWhoS19E1Castrovalva first episode]].
** Peter Capaldi doesn't get credited for his appearance in [[Creator/MattSmith his predecessor's]] [[Recap/DoctorWho50thASTheDayOfTheDoctor penultimate episode]].
** Famously averted to the point of inversion. William Hartnell's contract stipulated that he would be credited in every episode, yet no mention was made of him having to appear in every episode. So, in [[Recap/DoctorWhoS3E2MissionToTheUnknown "Mission to the Unknown"]], when all the regular actors had the week off and the episode was entirely populated by guest roles played by guest actors, Hartnell got the lead credit despite having no screen time in the episode. The actors playing the companions had no such stipulations in their contracts.
** Creator/BilliePiper's return in the fourth series through a series of tantalizing semi-appearances (fizzing into the air, breaking through a televised transmission, always unseen) was kept under painstaking lock and key by the BBC: the screening of the first episode [[Recap/DoctorWhoS30E1PartnersInCrime "Partners in Crime"]] cut out her scene until the air date, and didn't include her name in the credits at all. The last five minutes subsequently set whogasms {{squee}}ing and conspiracies rearing.
* Creator/JMichaelStraczynski had intended to do this in a third season episode of ''Series/BabylonFive'' wherein Capt. Sheridan's OnlyMostlyDead wife (played by Melissa Gilbert, wife of Bruce Boxleitner who played Sheridan) reappears on the station in the final seconds of an episode. Gilbert's contract, however, required him to list her as a guest star. However, the credit referred to the character in question without her family name, so the [[WhamEpisode wham effect]] was maintained for those who didn't make the logical leap.
** Again, Straczynski wasn't able to do this for the episode in which Na'Toth turned out to be NotQuiteDead - and in this case, the character only ''had'' one name, so the credit had to read "Julie Caitlin Brown as Na'Toth", spoiling the surprise.
*** He did manage to do this with [[spoiler:Morden]] in "[[Recap/BabylonFiveS05E08DayOfTheDead Day of the Dead]]".
* In "Crossroads, Part 2", the season three finale of ''Series/BattlestarGalactica2003'', [[spoiler: the name of actress Katee Sackhoff, who plays Kara "Starbuck" Thrace, was put onto the end credits, instead of the opening credits or also-starring credits, so as to not spoil her "HOLY SHIT", back-from-the-dead reveal at the end of the episode]].
** They did it again in "Sometimes a Great Notion", to hide TheReveal that [[spoiler: Kate Vernon's character, Ellen Tigh, was the fifth Cylon]].
* ''Series/StargateAtlantis'' [[spoiler: Did this when Repliweir first appeared]].
** Much earlier, its [[Series/StargateSG1 parent show]] omitted Peter Williams' name in the opening credits of the episode where Apophis comes BackFromTheDead in the last few minutes.
** ''Stargate Atlantis'' did it again during "The Kindred, Part I". When [[spoiler: Carson Beckett appeared at the cliffhanger]], the guest credit for [[spoiler: Paul [=McGillion=]]] was placed in the ending credits to maintain the surprise.
** Except that in some teaser trailers, the end of the episode was shown, so you are just wondering when it will take place.
* The season two finale of ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' did this with [[spoiler: John Winchester]]. The name of the actor who played him was the very first credit at the end.
** ''Supernatural'' did this again in season six: in the episode where it is revealed that [[spoiler: Crowley is still alive]], [[spoiler: Mark Sheppard]] is not credited in the opening sequence.
** A much more recent episode featured the return of [[spoiler:Bobby as a ghost after dying several episodes earlier]]. [[spoiler:Jim Beaver]] was left uncredited in the episode to keep the big return a surprise.
*** And done again in the eight season [[spoiler: when Sam encounters Bobby in Purgatory to save his soul from Crowley.]]
* ''TwinPeaks'' did this for the return of Andrew Packard.
* Inverted with the ''Series/{{House}}'' episodes after his team had quit in the season 3 finale, but were still prominently featured in the opening credits in season 4. Guess what? They were back within three episodes.
** But played straight by ''House'' when [[spoiler:Amber returned as Wilson's new girlfriend]] late in season 4.
** And when [[spoiler:House has hallucinations of both Amber and Kutner]] in the last few episodes of Season 5.
* This was broadly inverted in the first few episodes of the final series of ''Creator/MontyPython's Flying Circus''. John Cleese had decided against continuing with the television version of the show, and did not appear, but was nonetheless credited for some sketches that had been reworked from earlier Python projects. Of note, the second episode was based on an early draft of ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail''.
* Busy Philips was always listed as "Also Starring Busy Philips as Kim Kelly" on ''FreaksAndGeeks'', despite the fact that Creator/SethRogen was billed on the opening credits and didn't always appear.
** Also the fourth episode was named "Kim Kelly is my Friend", not bad going for a last minute addition.
* They did this with Creator/FionnulaFlanagan in ''Series/{{Lost}}''.
** [[Creator/FrancoisChau François Chau]] is always uncredited for playing Pierre Chang, even after [[spoiler:he became a major recurring character in season 5]].
** Creator/GregGrunberg was not named at all for his cameo in the pilot.
** Variation: Press releases for the season 3 finale and various season 4 episodes intentionally left out Malcolm David Kelly and John Terry so as to not spoil their sudden, brief reappearances. They were credited on the episodes proper, however.
** Hugely inverted for the finale, where every single former cast member and recurring guest character who appeared in the episode were credited in the same sequence as the main cast, leading to a whopping 28 actors credited as 'starring'.
** They inverted the trope in their handling of Creator/HaroldPerrineau in season 4, crediting him for every episode even though he didn't appear straight away. The fact that Michael would reappear and his reason for doing so were revealed shortly before he was first seen onscreen, but his name in the credits before that gave it away.
* Inverted in the closing credits of Part 1 of of the two-part ''AreYouAfraidOfTheDark'' episode "The Tale of Cutter's Treasure". One mysterious in-story character's face was never shown to add suspense, but his name is revealed in the cast credits. This wouldn't be a problem if the character wasn't one of the two reoccurring ones. Fans of the show would likely recognize his voice, but it ruined the reveal in Part 2 for anyone who watched the credits.
* The ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' episode "Heart of Stone" did this for [[spoiler:Salome Jens]], since [[spoiler:the Female Shapeshifter]] was [[spoiler:(unknown to both Odo and the audience) impersonating Kira]] until very near the end.
* Not necessarily a case of a surprise character but a series regular: William Devane was left out of the credits of the 1993-94 ABC sitcom ''Phenom'' at his request, after he campaigned to get starring credit in response to his StarMakingRole in ''Knots Landing'' (trying to get either top billing or second billing in the cast, between co-stars Judith Light and Angela Goethals) but was rebuffed by [[ExecutiveMeddling show producers and ABC]], because they felt that emphasizing Light as its star (although both Light and Geothals' characters were the primary focus of the show) and giving her top billing would draw in female viewers and fans of Light's previous series, ''WhosTheBoss''; Devane eventually told the producers that if he didn't get a billing change, he'd rather not be credited for being on the show at all.
* ''Series/{{CSI NY}}'' did a variation of this during its crossover in an attempt to keep viewers uncertain about the fate of Mac's girlfriend. Megan Dodds wasn't listed in the credits of the synopses and press releases for the New York half, though most viewers did surmise she'd be there and the ruse attempt didn't work well.
* ''{{Series/Revenge}}'' has done this a few times:
** First season finale "Reckoning," with [[spoiler: Margarita Levieva]] to hide the surprise of [[spoiler: her character Amanda being back and pregnant with Jack's child]].
** Second season premiere "Destiny," with [[spoiler: Emily [=VanCamp=] given "starring" billing and Madeleine Stowe absent until the closing credits, to keep it a surprise when Victoria Grayson turned out to be [[HesJustHiding just hiding]] instead of blown up]].
** Second season finale "Truth, Part Two" with [[spoiler: Dilshad Valsaria, hiding that the recording of Padma made before her death surfaces. Undermined in versions of the episodes with the PreviouslyOn segment, which showed Padma sitting in front of the camera]].
** Third season episode "Secrecy" with [[spoiler: Amber Valletta; the final shot of the episode is Lydia, presumed dead since the first season finale, stepping out of shadows]].
* ''Series/{{Arrow}}'' does this in "State vs Queen", not to spoil the surprise appearance of [[spoiler: Malcolm Merlyn]], believed to be dead at the hands of the Vigilante.
* When Harry is [[spoiler: apparently killed]] in Budapest in ''Series/SilentWitness'', his actor does not appear in the opening credits to hide the fact that [[spoiler: the body was of someone else]].
* One episode of ''Series/{{Batman}}'' features the villain False Face. A MasterOfDisguise who mostly wears a semitransparent plastic mask, but is so good that whenever he disguises himself as other characters, he's played by their actors. And since no one knows what he really looks like, so he's only credited as a question mark in the opening credits. [[spoiler: He was played by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malachi_Throne Malachi Throne]].]]

* In the play ''The Woman in Black'', the actress who plays the titular character isn't credited in the program, which makes it out to be a two-man show. Therefore when a third actor comes on as the ghost...
* When ''Naughty Marietta'' was first produced, "Ah! Sweet Mystery of Life" was omitted from the program's list of musical numbers. It wasn't that the famous song hadn't been written into the show yet; it was because it was only sung in full at the finale.
* In Music/IrvingBerlin's U.S. Army revue ''This Is the Army'', "How About a Cheer for the Navy?" was omitted from the list of musical numbers to keep it a surprise.
* In ''The Doughgirls'', the last names of Edna, Vivian and Nan were omitted from the program to avoid revealing the secret that none of them are actually married.

* In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4'', [[spoiler: Big Boss is listed in the end credits, despite his only appearance in the game supposedly being as a skinless, comatose, semi-living mess of a human being, who was cremated shortly after his first appearance. The credits fade out to reveal one last (very long and very amazing) cutscene.]]
** Somewhat subverted in that [[spoiler: his voice actor, Richard Doyle, was listed in the opening credits, although it did not say who he was playing.]]
* ''VideoGame/MitsumeteKnight'' has two openings, the first showing the main heroines, the second the enemy Generals : only the first has the seiyuu (voice actors) written under each character. The probable reason behind this is [[spoiler: to avoid busting TheReveal about the General [[AmbiguousGender Salishuan]] [[BonusBoss the Spy]] being [[EmotionlessGirl Raizze]] [[EnsembleDarkhorse Haimer]], since they obviously have the same seiyuu, Creator/YumiTouma]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Paul Lynde voiced the Hooded Claw (aka Sylvester Sneekly) in ''ThePerilsOfPenelopePitstop'' but he is not credited in this show, nor is he credited in the other show in which he furnished a voice that year, ''TheCattanoogaCats'' (as Mildew Wolf in the "It's The Wolf!" segment).