In the past, when a person moved to another country, it was common for that person to change their name to one that country would find "normal". While less common today, this was once very much TruthInTelevision. Still common in fiction that takes place in these time periods.

When a character translates their name to use as an alias, it's ThisIsMyNameOnForeign.

[[folder:Anime And Manga]]
* ''Anime/DigimonAdventure'': In a move that blurs the line between this and DubNameChange, the heroes still officially have their Japanese names in the English dub, but use shortened western sounding nicknames InUniverse. Shown in the character title screens in the first episode with examples like Yamato "Matt" Ishida or Koushiro "Izzy" Izumi, who takes his nickname from his last name.
* In the English dub of ''Manga/ShamanKing'', the [[ Ainu]] character Horohoro introduces himself as "Trey Racer". At first this appears to be a straight case of DubNameChange, but then his sister shows up looking for him... Turns out that dub!Horohoro just [[EmbarrassingFirstName finds his name embarassing]] and asks people to call him Trey [[AwesomeMcCoolname because it sounds cooler]].
* In ''Manga/GunsmithCats'' Ken sometimes gets called Kentucky, as his real name is Ken Takizawa.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Sally Jupiter, the first Silk Spectre, from ''ComicBook/{{Watchmen}}'' changed her name from "Juspeczyk" so people wouldn't know she was Polish.
* Martians in the DC Universe tend to have names that are pretty much English sounding names with apostrophes, and translate them on earth. ComicBook/MartianManhunter is "J'onn J'onzz" which becomes "John Jones" in his human persona. Miss Martian is named "M'gann M'orzz", which becomes "Megan Morse" when living as a human girl.
* The original name of ComicBook/{{Starfire}} of the ''ComicBook/TeenTitans'' is Kori'ander. When she got to Earth, she adopted the name Kory Anders. "Starfire" is also a literal translation of her name.
* In ''ComicBook/ThePunisher'', it has been stated that Frank Castle's original surname was "Castiglione".
* ''ComicBook/WerewolfByNight'': Jack's stepfather changed his last name from Russoff to Russell after moving from Romania to the United States. This caused Jack's own name to be Americanized as well: his original last name was [[spoiler:also Russoff, because his stepfather is his late father's brother (a.k.a. his uncle)]].
* Both Franchise/{{Superman}} and ComicBook/{{Supergirl}} are Kryptonians. Superman's birth name is "Kal-El" but he was raised as "Clark" by his human family. Pre-Crisis Supergirl used "Linda Danvers" as her SecretIdentity but more modern depictions typically avert this trope and have her use her name, Kara Zor-El, instead.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In the ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible'' fanfic ''Fanfic/{{Reunion}}'' Ron Stoppable mentions his great-grandfather Nicholai, who was so determined to emigrate to America that, when he arrived at Ellis Island, he shouted, "I am Nicholai! I am unstoppable!" The clerk wrote his name down as "N. Stoppable".
-->'''Ron''': He thought that's how America worked; come to America, you get a new life and a new name. He was actually very proud of it. So we've been Stoppables ever since.

* Slightly related - In the flashback sequences of ''Film/TheGodfatherPartII'', Vito Andolini from the town of Corleone is listed as Vito Corleone due to a mixup at a hectic Ellis Island.
* ''Series/AlienNation''. The Newcomers were given Earth names when they arrived. Some of the names were famous humans (Rudyard Kipling) and some were jokes (Sam Francisco).
* In ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartIII'', Doc Brown mentions that his family emigrated from Germany as the "Von Brauns". They changed it to "Brown" to dodge racist backlash when UsefulNotes/WorldWarI started.
* In ''Film/DrStrangelove'', the titular character is a German immigrant. When someone mentions that the name "Strangelove" doesn't really sound German, another character reveals that it was originally "Merkwürdigliebe" (literally means "strange love"), but he anglicized it after moving to the US.
* ''Film/TheUntouchables'': George Stone's birth name is Giuseppe Petri, almost a direct translation ("Petri" is close to ''pietre'', Italian for "stones", but Giuseppe's English equivalent is traditionally Joseph, not George).
* Parodied in ''WesternAnimation/{{Robots}}''; Fender says his name was "Bumper" before moving into the country.
* In ''Film/ShanghaiNoon'' Creator/JackieChan's character is named "Chong Wang", but every American just calls him by the closest they can manage: John Wayne.
* According to ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooFrankencreepy'' Velma's family name was originally "[[TheVonTropeFamily Von Dinklestein]]" until they changed it to "Dinkley" in America.
* ''Film/SomeLikeItHot'' has the singer Sugar Kane. Her birth name is "Sugar Kowalczyk".
* Esther Blodgett is given the StageName of "Vicki Lesther" in ''Film/AStarIsBorn'' because the executives don't think her real name sounds good for an actress.
* ''WesternAnimation/AnAmericanTail'' is about Jewish-Russian FunnyAnimal mice who move to America in the 1880s. Tanya was given an "American name" of "Tillie" and Fievel was given the name "Phillie" at the start of the film. Neither of them use the names.
* ''Film/TheJazzSinger'' is about a man named Jakie Rabinowitz who becomes a jazz singer who goes by the stage name "Jack Robin".
* A minor example in ''Film/{{Underworld}}'', where Michael Corvin is a descendant of a Hungarian warlord named Alexander Corvinus. The novelization mentions that Corvin's grandfather dropped the "us" after moving to America.

* In ''Literature/DirkGentlysHolisticDetectiveAgency'' by Creator/DouglasAdams, Dirk Gently was actually born "''Svlad Cjelli''".
* Creator/ToniMorrison's ''Literature/SongOfSolomon'' features the "clerical error" variant in the protagonist's family history. The protagonist's grandfather Jake, who was born into slavery, had to register as an American citizen with the Freedmen's Bureau after the end of the Creator/AmericanCivilWar. Because the Freedmen's Bureau clerk was drunk at the time, he asked Jake his birthplace ("Macon, Virginia") and asked him his parents' current residence ("They're dead"), and accidentally wrote his answers down as his given name and surname -- resulting in him being saddled with the UnfortunateName "Macon Dead" for life.
* ''Literature/EndersGame'': Ender's own father is a first-generation Polish immigrant to America. Their family name "Wiggin" is a naturalized form of "Wieczorek", a common Polish surname, although most Polish immigrants turn it into "Wiggins" instead.

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* In the ''Series/MurdochMysteries'' episode "Election Day", a German-born resident gives his name as "John Smith". Government agent Terrence Myers speaks German to him, and when the man replies in the same language, Myers challenges him on his "real name". The man says his name was "Johannes Schmidt" and he changed it because other Canadians had trouble pronouncing it.
* In the ''Series/{{Friends}}'' episode "The One with the Fake Monica", Joey Tribbiani decides to change his name to something less ethnic. Chandler jokingly suggests "Joseph Stalin". Being TheDitz, Joey doesn't know how infamous this name is and tries to use it.
* In the ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' episode "[[Recap/StarTrekTheNextGenerationS5E3EnsignRo Ensign Ro]]", Ro Laren explains that some Bajorans [[NameOrderConfusion switch their name order]] to the Anglosphere's given name-then-surname when dealing with offworlders. She very pointedly prefers to be addressed in the Bajoran style, however.
* One line in ''Series/AnotherPeriod'' implies the Bellacourt family was once the "Bellawitcz" family.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/BioShock1'''s Andrew Ryan from the Russian "Andrei Rianofski". This is a reference to his RealLife inspiration, Creator/AynRand, who was born Alisa Rosenbaum.
* ''Videogame/AssassinsCreedIII'':
** Norris (A French-speaking Canadian) reveals his real name is Maurice but that he changed it because no one in the American colonies could pronounce it properly.
** The protagonist himself uses Connor instead of his birth name (Ratonhnhaké:ton) due to the [[DeliberateValuesDissonance racism people of that time had against natives]].

* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** PlayedForLaughs in the episode "Bart-Mangled Banner". After relocating to France, the Simpsons become homesick and travel back to America. When Homer states their family name to an official, the man changes it to "Simps". To really drive the point home, they arrived in New York by boat and were dressed in nineteenth century European clothes while "Coming to America" plays in the background.
** Also parodied in "In the Name of the Grandfather", where Americans who are sick of America go to Ireland's "[=MacEllis=] Island" and have their names changed to stereotypical Irish names.
* M'gann from ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice'' is a Martian. She is constantly trying to get her friends to call her "Megan" but they still almost always use "M'gann" unless she's disguised as a human.

* When Arnold Schwarzenegger first started in Hollywood, the producers changed his name to Arnold Strong.
* In UsefulNotes/WorldWarI the British Royal Family changed its collective surname from [[ Saxe-Coburg Gotha]] to [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfWindsor Windsor]]. When Creator/HGWells complained about Britain's "alien and uninspiring court," George V is said to have replied, "[[ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne I may be uninspiring, but I'll be damned if I'm alien]]!"
* Issur Danielovitch Demsky changed his name to Kirk Douglas.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov was born Isaak Yudovich Ozimov. The name change [[SpellMyNameWithAnS didn't help much]].
** Interestingly, when his books were translated into Russian, his name was transliterated from English instead of using his birth name or translating it into the Russian equivalent.
* [[Creator/SamRaimi Sam Raimi's]] family changed their name from the German "Reingewertz".
* There is a story from Alsace-Lorraine which changed hands between Germany and France several times during the 19th and 20th century. Apparently, whenever the Germans took it, they forced everyone to translate their French names, while the French would simply pronounce the German names in the French way. Which allegedly lead to this: one family originally named Lagarde (watch[man]) became "Wache" when the Germans came; then "Vache" (cow) when the French came back; then "Kuh" and finally "Cul" (ass). And if the Germans had returned once more, they'd have become [[UnfortunateNames "Arsch"]].
* Creator/HelenMirren was born Helen Lydia Mironoff. Her grandfather was a Russian diplomat who got stranded in the UK during the Russian Revolution. In the [=50s=], her father changed his name from Vasiliy Mironov to Basil Mirren.
* This Australian troper worked at a chicken processing factory with a HighTurnoverRate. As many of the job applicants were Sri Lankans with {{Overly Long Name}}s, they'd be given a short 'Australian' name as well. In another example, some Korean nurses had given themselves Australian first names, but appeared to have selected them from a list as they all began with the letter A.
* The inventor of instant noodles, Momofuku Andō (Japanese: 安藤 百福), was a Taiwanese man who emigrated to Japan and is born with a Chinese name, Go Pek-Hok (Chinese: 吳百福). When he became a naturalized Japanese, he changed his family name, Go, to that of his Japanese wife, Andō. His given name, however, kept the original Chinese characters, but their readings are now the native [[AlternateCharacterReading Kun'yomi]] readings (Pek-Hok -> Momofuku).