[[quoteright:350:[[Webcomic/ScandinaviaAndTheWorld http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/here-we-stand_4873.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Clockwise from top left: [[FriendtoAllLivingThings Norway,]] [[WalkingTechfix Sweden]] and [[TheHedonist Denmark]]]]

This is a [[SubTrope particular type]] of AnthropomorphicPersonification that depicts a country (or some other sociopolitical or geographical unit) as one person, using that person's actions and foibles to make a comment on the country's politics and history. Sometimes this "person" is an animal or landmark (like the Art/StatueOfLiberty). While it is OlderThanDirt with precedents going as far back as TheMiddleAges if not AncientGreece (the myth of Europa and Asia), this technique has been closely associated with newspaper political cartoons for the past few hundred years, and nowadays can be found in webcomics as well. As such, it may be considered a genre of comic, though it's been known to appear in other media (such as the anime of ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'') once in a blue moon.

[[folder: Classic Characters of this Type]]
* Adelita - Mexico
* Britannia - Britain
* John Bull - Britain (or occasionally [[UsefulNotes/BritainVersusTheUK England]], with his sister Lil or Peg representing Scotland and his brother or cousin Jonathan representing the USA)
* Johnny Canuck - Canada
* Rodina or Rodina Mat' or Mother Russia - [[CaptainObvious Russia]]
* Uncle Sam - USA (representing the American ''government''), Columbia used to be one, but Lady Liberty seems to have overtaken her in popular consciousness.
* Brother Jonathan, the earlier representation of the USA, until Uncle Sam replaced him. Sometimes considered to be an earlier version of Uncle Sam.
* [[https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Columbia_%28name%29 Columbia]]- USA (representing the American ''state and nation'')
* Marianne - France (Which eventually replaced the Gallic rooster as the symbolic embodiment of the country)
* Michel - Germany (see UsefulNotes/GermanPeculiarities)
* Germania - Germany (counterpart to Britannia, not normally seen nowadays)
** There are also many female personifications of German states and cities, e. g. Bavaria, Berolina (UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}), Borussia (Prussia), Hammonia (UsefulNotes/{{Hamburg}}), and Saxonia. The city-state of Bremen is traditionally represented by the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen_Roland Bremer Roland]]'', a 15th century statue of one of Charlemagne's paladins.
* Bharat Mata ("Mother India") - [[CaptainObvious India]] (this one's politicized even within India, so handle with care)
* Helvetia - Switzerland
* Hunnia - Hungary
* Cossack Marnay - Ukraine
* Srulik - State of Israel
* Mother Svea - Sweden
* Holger Danske - Denmark (another paladin of Charlemagne)
* [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mermaid_of_Warsaw Mermaid of Warsaw]] - Warsaw

!!Works That Use This Trope:


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'', as stated above, uses anthropomorphic personifications of various nations across the world as the main characters, using typical stereotypes to create the exaggerated personalities. It's considered by many to be the TropeCodifier.
** And by extension, the fanworks the Webcomic/StateTanProject and WebVideo/IAmMatthewian, which expand on APH with personifications for the US states and Canadian provices, respectively.


* The Art/StatueOfLiberty represents the democracy of American, which offers the torch of enlightenment to all the "poor and huddled masses" of the world.
* Marianne leads the French people on Eugène Delacroix' painting "Liberty Leading The People".
* Germany and Italy nuzzle together in Friedrich Overbeck's "Italia and Germania".
* An 18.5 metres tall [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavaria_statue bronze statue of Bavaria]] overlooks the ''Theresienwiese'' in Munich, where the {{Oktoberfest}} is held.
* The [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niederwalddenkmal Niederwalddenkmal]] near Rüdesheim was erected to commemorate the German unification of 1871. It is topped by a 10.5 metres tall bronze Germania.
* Volgograd has ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Motherland_Calls The Motherland Calls]]'' atop Mamayev Kurgan. This personification of the nation is the world's tallest statue of a woman (91 metres without the pedestal).

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Uncle Sam is an actual comic book superhero from the 40's (currently owned by Creator/DCComics, and best known for being the leader of the ComicBook/FreedomFighters superteam.) He is the [[AnthropomorphicPersonification literal embodiment]] of the Spirit of America, created by the Founding Fathers using a magical talisman.

[[folder:Fan Fic]]
* ''FanFic/ParisBurning'' is set in a world where cities have anthropomorphic personifications.
* "[[https://archiveofourown.org/works/585743 The World is Flat]]" is set in an ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' version of the Literature/{{Discworld}}, and features the personifications of Ankh-Morpork, Lancre, the Agatean Empire and Uberwald.

* One of the scariest and most disturbing uses of this trope can be found in the 1991 Soviet\Russian film ''House Under the Starry Skies''. Valentin Komposterov, the antagonist, is heavily implied to be the anthropomorphic representation of the accumulated 70 years of Soviet history and ideology. Unsurprisingly, he shrugs off rifle rounds and procures fantastic weaponry out of HammerSpace, all while alternating between gloating in front of his victims and spewing communist ideology.

* ''Discworld/MonstrousRegiment'' has an in-universe political cartoon of Borogravia kicking Zlobenia [[GroinAttack in the crotch]], while Morporkia (the personification of the city state [[WretchedHive Ankh-Morpork]], who resembles Britannia) sarcastically looks on. This a nod to the ''Magazine/{{Punch}}''.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* Spoofed in ''Series/ElChapulinColorado'', whilst Chapulin seems to be the personification of Mexico (or sometimes Latin America as he's call the "hero of Latin America"), his bitter rival is Super Sam (mix of UncleSam and {{Superman}}) whose main weapon is a bag of money.


[[folder: Magazines ]]

* ''Magazine/{{Punch}}'''s political cartoons helped popularise some of the classic personifications.
* ''Magazine/PrivateEye'' sometimes uses them.


[[folder:Mythology, National Legend]]
* The personification of Great Britain as Britannia, a stately robed woman in Greek helmet and carrying a trident, symbolic of Britain's association with the sea. She only recently ceased to appear on the currency, something that caused angst to nationalists. Britannia goes back over two thousand years; a kingdom of northern England was called ''Brigantia'', and was corrupted to "Britannia" by the Romans. Its patron Goddess was conflated with Juna, in the way of Roman religion. And persisted.
* Marianne, the national symbol of France, often depicted as a woman with [[MsFanService disarrayed robes]] and Phyrigian cap, storming the Bastille during the revolution. she used to appear on French currency in pre-Euro days but is still on the stamps. Every ''mairie'' has a bust of her and periodically the image is refreshed by selecting an actress who is held to embody French beauty. Post-holders have included BrigitteBardot and Catherine Deneuve.

[[folder:Sketch Comedy]]
* Not quite nations, but in the Australian sketch comedy show ''NewsFreeZone'', the "88 Australia Street" segment was about a share house occupied by anthropomorphic embodiments of the Australian states.
* ''Series/StudioC'' has two sketches featuring this, "International Relations" and "National Relations: Republicans vs. Democrats".

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/AfganisuTan'' personifies nations as well, though more in a ''Moe'' style with a focus on Central-Asia.
* ''Webcomic/ScandinaviaAndTheWorld'', which was created by a Danish artist who felt that some of the stereotypes of the Nordic countries in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' didn't match the ones that she was familiar with. Also provides the page image.
* They aren't really that anthropomorphized, but the living countries from angusmcleod's [[http://angusmcleod.deviantart.com/art/World-War-One-Simple-Version-128505446 "World War One: Simple Version"]], [[http://angusmcleod.deviantart.com/art/World-War-Two-Simple-Version-73625561 "World War Two: Simple Version"]] and [[http://angusmcleod.deviantart.com/art/Cold-War-Simple-Version-189698383 "Cold War: Simple Version"]] probably count too.
* Not as people but, the ''[[Webcomic/{{Polandball}} Polandball]]'' comics follow this trope to a T with the countries being, well, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin balls]].
** Except for [[EldritchAbomination Reichtangle]]. Also Israel is a hypercube because of [[GeniusBonus Jewish Physics]]. And Nepal is a monster, due to its non-standard flag design.
** Also has a U.S. centric spinoff in WebComic/{{Stateball}}
* [[http://andreshanti.deviantart.com/gallery/25342202 The South American Way]], which mainly follows the 2010 World Cup, although strips focusing on other topics like American colonization exist. Notable for its crossovers with ''Webcomic/ScandinaviaAndTheWorld'', which the author cites as the strip's inspiration.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Wiki/SCPFoundation'': [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-1761 SCP-1761]] seems to be the personification of a country that doesn't exist. Or he may be a former human who somehow became a country. Or perhaps he is just a delusional RealityWarper who thinks he is a country.

[[folder:Web Video]]
* ''WebVideo/UnitedQueendom'' represents the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum using the gay couple Scott (Scotland) and Adrian (England), and, in one episode, '[[OnlyKnownByTheirNickname the Scandinavian Model]]' (Scandinavia).
* WebVideo/CGPGrey videos depict countries (as well as other political entities like states or territories and [=NGOs=] like the International Olympic Committee) as female stick figures starting from "How Many Countries Are There?" Their skirts contain the patterns of their country's flags to identify them, and some countries get other features drawn on as well: the US [[AmericansAreCowboys carries a gun holster]], monarchies like the UK wear crowns, Russia or the Soviet Union sometimes wears an ushanka, etc.
* WebVideo/AlternateHistoryHub uses colored human figures with their flags on their stomach, with some other differences (USA is blue, has Sunglasses and the flag is in the shape of a star, the Soviet Union is red and wears a ushanka, etc.)

* This [[http://www.sankakucomplex.com/2009/11/27/national-moe/ art book]] (Link is NSFW due to advertisements and thumbnails in the sidebar) depicts 74 countries as teenage girls, including North Korea.