->'''Hank:''' So, are you Chinese or Japanese?\\
'''Kahn:''' I live in California last twenty years, but first come from Laos.\\
'''Hank:''' Huh?\\
'''Kahn:''' Laos. We Laotian.\\
'''Bill:''' The ocean? What ocean?\\
'''Kahn:''' We are Laotian! From Laos, stupid! It's a landlocked country in South East Asia between Vietnam and Thailand, okay? Population 4.7 million!\\
'''Hank:''' So, are you Chinese or Japanese?
-->-- ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'', "Westie Side Story"[[note]]Hank's dad Cotton, the Politically Incorrect War Hero from WWII, can tell he's Laotian from first glance.[[/note]]

In RealLife, people far too often make erroneous assumptions about others based on flimsy or non-existent evidence. This is especially the case when regarding those who in some way are "outsiders". Often, hilariously wrong assumptions will be made based solely on appearance, failing to take into account the behaviour of the subject or other relevant circumstances. One common form of this is to presume that a foreign-looking person belongs to such-and-such nationality and getting it very wrong.
This also happens with people of nationalities with animosity towards each other, e.g. some former Soviet countries assuming people are Russian.

For example: in East Asian countries like Japan or China, anyone with sufficiently pale skin will usually be presumed to be Americans, despite this nationality only constituting a minority of "Western" visitors to these countries. A related form is assuming that foreign-looking people with the same nationality and native tongue as yourself are foreigners ignorant of your language. Or assuming that people who both ''look'' foreign and ''are'' foreign are ignorant of the local tongue, when they are in fact fluent.

InterchangeableAsianCultures is a SubTrope dealing specifically with confusing or lumping Asian ethnicities and cultures together. May result in MisaimedStereotyping. NonSpecificallyForeign is when ''no-one'' knows what country the character is from.

Compare IAmNotWeasel, where the problem is a mistaken ''species''. Contrast FakeNationality and its sub-tropes.


* PlayedForLaughs in a famous Australian ad for Moccona "Mocha Kenya" coffee. A woman is in a supermarket when she sees an incredibly handsome black man standing by the coffee shelves. She asks him to reach for a Mocha Kenya jar for her, flirtily saying "I'm into something slightly more exotic... like where you're from!" The man responds, in an incredibly camp English accent, "Really? Shropshire? How wonderful."

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In an episode of ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', Yukari attempts to show off her English skills by running up to a random white person on the street and jabbering at him (for as all Japanese know, [[PhenotypeStereotype Gaijin are always Americans]]). She then runs away in embarassment when she discovers her target is in fact German.
* From the same author, ''Manga/{{Yotsuba}}'' has a group of students who find Yotsuba asleep on the school's stairs (long story) speak to her in English, assuming she's a foreigner due to her green hair. She actually ''is'' foreign (place of birth unknown), but has spent most of her life in Japan.
* In ''Manga/KodomoNoOmocha'', the ButNotTooForeign character is assumed to be foreign.
-->"Oh, he speaks Japanese".
-->"I ''am'' Japanese!"
* In ''Manga/HimitsuNoAkkoChan'' from the 1980s, Akko is trying to communicate with a lost child who speaks only English. As it happens, Akko's special ability is taking on the appearance and skills of any person she can capture the image of in her magic compact mirror. Akko sees an obviously foreign woman and assumes she's American -- but when she gets back to the lost child, discovers that the child still can't understand a word Akko is saying. Turns out the copied woman was Spanish....
* In the ''{{Manga/Gravitation}}'' anime and manga Yuki Eiri is often mistaken as a foreigner, a cause of shame for his conservative Buddhist monk father. Seguchi Tohma also has very foreign features and takes Eiri to New York as a teenager hoping that he will feel more comfortable outside of Japan.
* In ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'', when Mr. Itoshiki first writes his name on the chalkboard, his students, at a loss as to how to parse the kanji of his name, briefly speculate that he might be Chinese. Predictibly, Itoshiki gets a good rant in about this.
* Overlapping with AccidentalMisnaming, in ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'', nearly everyone mistakes Canada for America. Also, in the 2011 Hetalia Bloodbath, Seychelles seems to be under the impression that Cuba represents an Asian nation.
--> '''Seychelles:''' We show a lot of cleavage in the West and Africa, but they don't really wear open-chested clothes in Asia. Huh, Mr. Cuba? Huh?
--> '''Cuba:''' Why are you asking me this?
* Suzuka assumes [[HumanAlien Fate]] is Italian due to her [[VehicularThemeNaming last name]] in the ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaAs'' manga. Nanoha's response is SureLetsGoWithThat.

* During one of his opening rants, Carlos Mencia decries this trope because he hates the fact that when he tells people his mother is Mexican but his father is Honduran they only focus on the Mexican part. He then goes on a rant on how if he lived Florida everyone would assume he was Cuban, or if he lived in New York he would be assumed to be Puerto Rican.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ComicBook/{{Wolverine}} once went to Japan to deliver a ransom for a friend's son. The gangsters who greeted him were surprised; they hadn't expected an American. Wolvie callously states that he's ''Canadian'', bub. The lead gangster laughs, saying that it doesn't make any difference (and hinting that he might not ''know'' the difference). This is almost a [[RunningJoke Running Joke]] since readers forget that he's Canadian due to how much time he spends with the X-Men.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Mingamanga}}'': On Korbinian's first day in school, the teacher mistakes him not only for a girl, but a Pole. Reasons: His last name Panikowski (because of a great-grandfather who was a soldier from Prussia who stayed in Bavaria), his thick dialect which renders his home village Kleinbierbach to "Kloabirboch", which is mistaken for "Globirbow", which sounds Polish indeed.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}} and the Great Crossing'', Obelix and Asterix mistake Native Americans for Cretians and then Iberians. The viking crew that picks them up also mistake the Gauls for Natives.
* When the ComicBook/{{Runaways}} got stuck in New York City circa 1907, leader Nico Minoru was repeatedly called a "Chink" or an "Oriental" by various locals. When their host, the Swell, calls her a "Chinee", she's annoyed enough to correct him by stating that she is "from Japan, by way of Glendale" -- which is to say that she considers herself every bit as American as the Swell. This, of course, does not stop her from being rounded up by the bigots of the Upward Path.
* Meta-Example: Most readers assume Bishop from ''Franchise/XMen'' is African-American, when he is actually an Australian Aborigine. On one hand, this wasn't revealed until ten years after the character was introduced. On the other hand, even in the beginning his features never were ''quite'' right for someone of African descent.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* Occurs repeatedly in the movie ''Film/{{Crash}}''.
* In ''Film/FallingDown'', Prendergast interviews the [[AsianStoreOwner Korean shopkeeper]] Mr. Lee (Michael Paul Chan) and asks Detective Brian (Steve Park) if he can translate for him. Brian says no, because the shopkeeper is Korean, and he's Japanese-American. (In RealLife, Park is Korean and Chan is Chinese.)
* In ''Film/BloodDiamond'' an American journalist mistakes Danny Archer (Leonardo [=DiCaprio=]) for South African. He comments that he's in fact from Rhodesia (intentionally using the old name for Zimbabwe).
* An exchange between three elderly cowboys early on in the film ''Film/SevenFacesOfDrLao'':
-->"Who's that, anyway?"\\
"I don't know. Looked like a Jap to me."\\
"Nah, he's Chinese."\\
"How do you know?"\\
"'Cause I ain't stupid."
* Brilliantly used in ''Film/TheSpanishPrisoner'' because "nobody suspects Japanese tourists".
* In ''Film/InTheLoop'', the American General Miller gets into a pissing contest with the Scottish Malcolm Tucker, ending with calling the Scot a "little English bitch." Malcolm doesn't mind any of Miller's profanity, but bristles at being called English, which leaves Miller confused.
* Put in the movie ''Film/{{Fanboys}}'', possibly as a moment of did not do research. The ''Star Wars'' fans and the ''Star Trek'' fans are fighting, and one of the Trekkies proclaim Captain Picard is British. The character of Jean-Luc Picard is French. The actor who portrays him, Patrick Stewart, is English.
* In the French movie ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0283957/ Le Boulet]]'', the villain Mustapha Amel (José Garcia) in repeatedly called "The Kurd" -- to his great annoyance, since his correct nickname is "The Turk". It reaches a point where he's ready to start gunning down anybody making the mistake.
* In ''Film/BigStan'', when Rob Schneider got the respect of everyone in prison, and everyone is turning to him for advice, one of the problems that arise is that ''the Brazilian guys'' keep calling one inmate "Arab" when he's actually Persian. (In Real Life, Brazilians DO tend to call anyone from Middle Eastern either "Arab" or "Turkish".)
* In the AffectionateParody ''Film/MurderByDeath'', this is the Poirot {{Expy}}'s BerserkButton:
-->'''Milo Perrier:''' I am not a Frenchy! ''I am a Belgy!''
* ''Go for Broke'', a film about the predominantly Japanese-American 442nd regiment, has this exchange with a new Lieutenant who momentarily believes he's been given an Irish sergeant.
-->"Your platoon sergeant is over in the supply room. Ohara"\\
"That's right, Takashi Ohara."
* In the film ''Film/InBruges'', Ray argues with, and punches, a loud-mouthed Canadian tourist in a restaurant, thinking him to be American.
* Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse:
** ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheFirstAvenger'': "I'm from Fresno, Ace."
** ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheWinterSoldier'': Turns out Dr. Arnim Zola is actually Swiss.
* In the reboot of ''Film/TheKarateKid'', Dre is ordered by his mother to practice his Chinese while on a plane. So he turns to a Chinese guy sitting near him and says something, only for the guy to respond, "Dude, I'm from Detroit."
* In ''Film/TheReplacements2000'', Nigel Gruff gets confused for an Irishman. He angrily retorts that he's Welsh.
* PlayedForDrama in ''Born in East L.A.'' A racist immigration official refuses to believe that the Hispanic-American protagonist is not an illegal immigrant. He deports the poor guy who spends the rest of the movie trying to return to America. (Note: The movie is based on a song, listed below.)
* ''Film/VetHard'': This Dutch / (Flemish-)Belgian movie[[note]]The main characters, being Dutch vs. Flemish, are also SeparatedByACommonLanguage, which is [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] - but that's another issue.[[/note]] features a character who's referred to as "Yugoslavian" - except that the movie came out in 2005, the mobile phones shown within the movie make it clear it ''takes place'' around 2005, and Yugoslavia hasn't existed as a country since the early '90s. The character's [[UnfortunateNames unfortunate name]] is Vuk, which in the movie by the other characters is used to abuse him as a ButtMonkey as they consistently call him Fuck (which in the Netherlands is the same swear-word as in English). According to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vuk_(name) The Other Wiki]] Vuk is an actual Serbian name, so the character most probably is actually Serbian.
* ''Film/MeanGirls'': Mixed with a bit of casual racism as Mrs Norbury hears that the new student 'just moved here from Africa' and gives a warm welcome to a black student, who replies 'I'm from Michigan' in bewilderment. To her defense, the actual new kid was a very white redhead and that girl was the only black student to be seen in the classroom.

* ''Literature/HerculePoirot'' is commonly assumed to be French by people who do not know that more than one francophone country exists. Especially ironic since Frenchmen and Belgians tend to disparage each other. At least once it almost caused serious problems: Poirot was arrested while abroad, and one of his acquaintances promised to inform the French Consulate immediately of his plight. Luckily he managed to shout "Belgian Consulate!" as he was being dragged away.
* In the ''Literature/CHERUBSeries'', the training instructor Yosyp Kazakov is [[BerserkButton Ukrainian. ''Not'' Russian.]] Call him a Russian, and he will not be happy.
* Edilio Escobar from Michael Grant's ''Literature/{{GONE}}'' series is from Honduras, but is often referred to by the ignorant townsfolk of Perdido Beach as "The Mexican one", much to his chargin.
* In the ''Literature/TheAtrocityArchive'', Bob believes his co-worker Boris to be a Russian spy. In ''Literature/TheFullerMemorandum'', Bob corrects his mistake by revealing that Boris is a native British subject who suffers from Foreign Accent Syndrome [[GoMadFromTheRevelation induced by close encounters]] with {{eldritch abomination}}s.
* ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'': Subverted, The novel emphasizes the mystery of Captain [[MeaningfulName Nemo]] hiding his nationality. Even when his eyes are black and his skin is pale, Aronnax lampshades that he is not sure invoking InterchangeableAsianCultures
-->''"I admit that the nationality of the two strangers is hard to determine. Neither English, French, nor German, that is quite certain. However, I am inclined to think that the commander and his companion were born in low latitudes. There is southern blood in them. But I cannot decide by their appearance whether they are Spaniards, [[InterchangeableAsianCultures Turks, Arabians, or Indians]]"''
* In the western novels of Creator/JTEdson, General Hardin's valet Tommy Okasi is Japanese. Almost everyone assumes that he is Chinese. {{Justified|Trope}} as the Chinese were the only Asians most people in TheWildWest had ever encountered.
* In ''[[Literature/TheMillenniumTrilogy The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo]]'', Lizbeth Salander's boss, Dragan Armansky, is stated as having been born in Croatia to an Armenian Jewish father from Belarus and a Bosnian Muslim mother of Greek extraction. Because of his mother, he is considered Muslim, but the Swedish immigration authorities supposedly list him as a Serb ([[SarcasmMode an ethnicity that is, of course, famous for being associated with Muslims.]]) And apparently, despite having no Arab ancestry, there are still people who call him "the Arab".
* A running gag in ''Literature/TheAffix'': Matt keeps forgetting Henry Bartlett is from New Zealand, not Australia, over and over. Mostly it's because he made a joke earlier that the next villain to pop out of the woodwork would be "Crikey the Australian" and the idea of it got stuck in his head. It probably doesn't help that Matt undergoes serious SanitySlippage throughout the book.
* ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive'':
** Fantasy version. One of the first signs that someone is looking at a Herald (immortal men and women who [[WalkingTheEarth have been wandering the world in anonymity for five thousand years]] [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere after abandoning their duties]]) is when the modern character can't figure out what ethnicity the Herald is. It's quite likely that natural ethnic drift has rendered all of the original races of the Heralds extinct.
** [[DimensionalTraveler Worldhoppers]] have a similar, but different problem. All the races of Roshar except for the Shin have epicanthal folds in their eyes, so the Shin are described as having "wide, childlike eyes." Since epicanthal folds are more rare on other worlds, worldhoppers are often mistaken for having Shin ancestry.


[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In season 1 of ''Series/{{Lost}}'', Hurley repeatedly refers to Sun and Jin as being Chinese. Michael eventually corrects him.
* A ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' sketch from the early '90s revolved around the Turkish-American owner of a convenience store, which would be repeatedly vandalized by the same man (John Goodman) every time the US found itself in an affray in the Mideast -- the oil embargo, the Iranian hostage crisis, the Gulf War, etc. -- Goodman's character repeatedly assuming that the owner is from the nation involved.
* In the Australian comedy ''Series/TheGames'', John Clarke tries to demonstrate the multinational nature of his team by first explaining that his parents were from Scotland, then asking where an obviously Asian character comes from, which turns out to be Sydney. John tries to probe further, and it turns out that his family has lived in Australia for several generations.
* In ''{{Series/Heroes}}'', Hope refers to the Japanese Hiro and Ando as "Chinese".
* In ''Series/JustShootMe'', Maya is often mistaken for Puerto Rican. There was an entire episode about this one. The most [[CringeComedy painful]] bit was when a starving Elliot mistakes a visiting Japanese businessman as a Chinese food delivery guy.
* Subverted in ''Series/{{Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip}}'', where a Nevada judge (also played by John Goodman) merely pretends to mistake a Chinese guy for Japanese.
* Carla from ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' is Dominican, and gets angry when people (particularly her ''husband'') think she's from Puerto Rico. This is the subject of her song in TheMusical.
* ''Series/InPlainSight'': Marshall, trying to make small talk with a witness, comments that Albuquerque must be a big change from Moscow. The witness responds that she is from Kiev, but Marshall continues to assume that she's Russian, and she has to explain that Kiev is in Ukraine.
* On ''Series/TheOfficeUS'' Michael Scott comments that Karen looks "exotic", and goes on to ask, "Was your dad a GI?"
* Really more of a Mistaken Ethnicity, but in ''Series/{{Glee}}'' Rachel makes the claim that Creator/NatalieWood was Jewish, when, in fact, she was Russian Orthodox....
* ''Series/TheWire'' has a few examples.
** "Boris" is actually a Ukrainian named Sergei Malatov, but ''everyone'' in Baltimore assumes he's Russian the moment they hear him speak, and they insist on calling him [[WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle Boris]], much to his confusion. For somebody who kills and dismembers people for a living, he takes it pretty well.
--->'''Sergei:''' [Gives out a long suffering sigh] [[NeverHeardThatOneBefore Boris. Why always Boris?]]
** His boss is a man known only as "the Greek", but when he skips town at the end of Season 2 he notes, "I'm not even Greek." Subtle clues suggest he's Pontic Greek, i.e., from northern Turkey with Greek heritage, or from the island of Cyprus with Greek heritage.
** There's also a more meta-example. In one episode Kima randomly gets asked by a shop keeper if she's one of those black-Vietnamese mixes. (Possibly from [[UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar a black soldier in Vietnam]] and an AsianBabyMama). While Kima's ethnic background is never elaborated on, the actress playing Kima is part black and part ''Korean''.
* A running gag in ''Series/RulesOfEngagement'' is Russell forgetting that his assistant Timmy is South African and referring to him as English.
* In ''Series/FlightOfTheConchords'', the duo (New Zealanders living in New York) are mistaken for Australians or Brits several times.
* On the short-lived Creator/WhoopiGoldberg sitcom ''Whoopi'', the title character had an Iranian friend named Nasim who would [[BerserkButton blow up]] when people called him an Arab.
* On ''Series/SiliconValley'', Dinesh is mistaken for Mexican by Chuy, the Mexican artist Erlich wants to hire to design their company's logo. He agrees only because he believes the company has hired a Latino. Dinesh is actually Pakistani (played by Pakistani-American Kumail Nanjiani), but Erlich doesn't correct Chuy until later.
* In the last episode of ''Series/FatherTed'', Ted attends the "It's Great Being A Priest" conference where he saves the life of a suicidal young priest. A nun speaks to a black priest stating that she thinks all the work being done in Africa is wonderful. The priest says, "Sure I wouldn't know. I'm from Donegal." in a thick Donegal accent.
* Creator/CliveJames: Due to the fact that he often appeared on British television many people assume he is English, but he is actually a native of Sydney. He has lived and worked in the UK since 1962.

* The Creator/CheechAndChong song "Born In East L.A." [[note]] parody of "Born In The U.S.A." by Music/BruceSpringsteen [[/note]] is about a Hispanic-American who gets mistaken for an illegal immigrant by a racist immigration official and deported. The rest of the song is about his struggle to return to the United States. Inspired the movie listed above.

[[folder:Pro Wrestling]]
* Primo Colón initially assumed Curt Hawkins and Wrestling/ZackRyder were Canadian (because they were Wrestling/{{Edge}} lookalikes), so when they threatened him about what they could have [[PowerStable La Familia]] do to them he's flabbergasted that they're apparently Latino (they're not that either, and were called "La Familia" because Edge had them unofficially brought into the Guerrero family when he became engaged to Vickie Guerrero) and starts to cuss at them in Spanish before Wrestling/{{Carlito Colon}} [[CurseCutShort calms him down.]] Incidentally, [[InJoke Primo does have Canadian family, including his brother Carly]]. For that matter, Zack Ryder's real last name is "Cardona", so he ''could'' be Latino, or at the very least could pass for it.
* [[Wrestling/AlbertoDelRio El Patron Alberto]] called Glamour Boy Shane a "Yankee" even though Shane is Canadian.
* Steve Corino berated Wrestling/RingOfHonor Dan Tanaka for not being able to speak Japanese, not realizing Tanaka was from Boston.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In the fiction section that opens ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}: God'', Coyote hears that Yukiko (daughter of the Japanese god Susano-o) is after him to retrieve the golden cup from the Wishing Staff of Sun Wukong (a Chinese god) and assumes she's Wukong's daughter, saying, "I thought you looked Chinese." He is corrected ''very'' quickly. At swordpoint. What is more, Sun Wukong is a ''monkey'' god.

* In ''WonderfulTown'', Lonigan and the other cops sing and dance an Irish jig in honor of Eileen, under the mistaken impression that she's as Irish as her first name.
* Subversion in ''Theatre/TheTwentyFifthAnnualPutnamCountySpellingBee''. It is mentioned that Marcy (who is usually played by an Asian-American actress) is new to the county, a new transfer student from Virginia, to which [[CloudCuckoolander Leaf]] responds with something to the effect of, "Virginia's a beautiful country". (In addition, some productions have Rona misread the line as "new to this country" only to correct herself after some response by Marcy.)
* ''Yellow Face,'' by Creator/DavidHenryHwang, is about a Chinese-American director who accidentally casts a white actor in an Asian role. He then attempts to hide his mistake by convincing everyone else that the actor is actually Asian.
* In ''Theatre/BostonMarriage'', it's a running gag that Anna persists in the belief that her maid Catherine is Irish, no matter how many times Catherine reminds her that she's actually Scottish. When Anna is particularly annoyed at her, she goes into an entirely misplaced rant about how the Irish brought the Potato Famine on themselves.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'''s Mothership Zeta expansion, Paulson (a 19th century cowboy) refers to Toshiro Kago (a 16th century {{Samurai}}) as a "Chinaman" until he is corrected.
* In ''VideoGame/LeisureSuitLarry: Magna Cum Laude'', Larry Lovage starts off talking to Analisa by speaking Spanish to her, thinking she's Mexican. She then rudely barks back, "Hey, fucko! I ain't Mexican, you prick; I'm Italian."
* In ''Videogame/SaintsRowTheThird'' Philippe Loren is constantly mistaken for French by the Saints. He is always quick to correct them that he is Belgian, growing more agitated with the mistake each time.
* In ''VideoGame/ProjectXZone'', [[VideoGame/SakuraWars Gemini and Erica]] think that [[VideoGame/SuperRobotWarsOriginalGeneration Sanger]] is a Japanese samurai, though he never says what nationality he is anyway.[[note]]He's German by the way.[[/note]]
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIVBlackFlag'':
** Edward Kenway responds to being called "Englishman" with an emphatic "I'm Welsh."
** Just before storming a fort, Edward asks his quartermaster Adéwalé, a former slave, if he'll return to Africa and live like a king with his share of the gold they'll take. Adéwalé then explains that he was born in Trinidad. When Edward asks if he'd feel more at home in Africa, Adéwalé asks if Edward would feel at home in Paris.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/{{Misfile}}'', Missi is accused of liking Japanese cars for no other reason than she's Japanese, and she angrily retorts that she's actually Chinese.
* ''Webcomic/{{Waterworks}}'': A RunningGag is for Jose to be mistaken for a French man, much to his frustration.
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'':
** Though the comic's art style makes discerning anyone's ethnicity difficult, Adrian Raven was apparently mistaken for a Russian in the past, as the former head of TheMenInBlack attempted to deport him there. Some out-of-canon moments suggest that he's actually British.
--->'''Mr. Verres:''' To be fair, you did enter the country on falsified information.\\
'''Raven:''' The only thing I lied about is [[ReallySevenHundredYearsOld my age]], and ''I'm not from Russia!''
** Ashley complains that she's had people assume that she's an Asian immigrant, when her family has lived in California for generations and the only language she speaks is English. She's not sure herself what ethnicity she actually is, except she is fairly certain that she's not Japanese.
* In ''Webcomic/EternalNight'' people constantly asks Terence if he is from India although he was born and lived his life in Britain.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* AmbiguouslyBrown Amir in ''[[WebVideo/MisadventuresOfAwkwardBlackGirl Awkward Black Girl]]'' is ironically one of the worst offenders.
-->'''Amir:''' We should totally get Cinco de Mayo off. I mean, my arms are... shit... they're still tired from all that swimming. Right, ''mija''?\\
'''[=CeCe=]:''' (''who's Indian'') You know I'm not Mexican.
* More than a few first time viewers assume the ''WebVideo/EpicMealTime'' chefs are American because of the greasy foods they partake in once a week.
* When Generator of the ''Literature/WhateleyUniverse'' starts school at [[SuperheroSchool Whateley Academy]], some cliquish girls tell her to go back to China. She was born in Topeka, Kansas. She does have some Japanese ancestry.
* ''Podcast/{{Psycomedia}}'' has this preceded by a great deal of {{foreshadowing}} by one host, until it's used to introduce their episode on prejudice.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'':
** In the episode where the Souphanousinphone family is introduced, the page quote exchange takes place. Amusingly, Hank's irritable and somewhat bigoted father knows immediately Kahn is Laotian, possibly from being a UsefulNotes/WorldWarII vet. Even more amusing is that "next to Vietnam" doesn't ring a bell, given Hank's age.
** On the other hand, in a Japanese Steak-house, Cotton calls the Hispanic cook a "Tojo", causing the cook to ask, "¿Qué es 'tojo'?" ("What's a 'Tojo'?")
* In ''WesternAnimation/PetAlien'', there is an English kid who is always mistaken for Norwegian despite his obvious Englishness -- tea and crumpets and everything.
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'':
** Pip Pirrup, who's unmistakably British. All the other kids [[BerserkButton assume he's French]], though.
** Reversed in the movie, where Cartman assumes walking French stereotype The Mole is English.
* In the two-parter ''WesternAnimation/CodeLyoko'' prequel "XANA Awakens", this happens to Yumi Ishiyama at least twice.
-->'''Sissi:''' (''to Ulrich'') What are you doing with this Chinese girl!?\\
'''Yumi:''' I. ''Am''. ''JAPANESE!!''
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', Homer, Abe, Ned and Apu buy medicine in Canada in order to smuggle it over the border. Abe gets very enraged when the clerk at the pharmacy assumes him to be a fellow Canadian, [[CompletelyMissingThePoint forgetting for a moment that posing as Canadian citizens is the whole point]].
* While Phoebe on ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'' is indeed fifty percent Japanese, her principal believes she is a foreign exchange student form the far off land "Ken Ta Kay". She said she was born in Kentucky.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'' plays with this: shortly after Korra meets Bolin, he [[ColourCodedForYourConvenience correctly]] deduces her [[ElementalNation nationality]]/[[ColorCodedElements ability]]; when she replies that she's actually an [[MutuallyExclusiveMagic earthbender]], he hastily apologizes for the assumption. She enjoys confusing him further by stating that she is ''[[TheChosenOne indeed]]'' a waterbender, as well as a firebender.
-->'''Bolin:''' Okay, I'm confused.\\
'''Mako:''' You're the Avatar, and I'm an idiot.\\
'''Korra:''' Both are true.
* Subverted in ''WesternAnimation/CaptainPlanet''. Wheeler calls Linka Russian in the first episode. She corrects him by telling her she's Soviet... However, Linka is actually Russian. Like many Russians in the late 80s, early 90s she self-identified as Soviet more than Russian. In the intro Linka is always stated as being from the "Soviet Union", changed to "Eastern Europe" in later episodes.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Creator/BruceLee: Many people assume he is Chinese, but he was in fact born in the USA and raised in Hong Kong and was a Chinese American.
* There are many Scottish and Irish people who are assumed to be English and vice versa: soccer player George Best and UsefulNotes/TheDukeOfWellington are often perceived to be English, but were in fact born in Northern Ireland or Ireland, for instance.
** As an international, Best played for Northern Ireland, which opens another can of worms.
** The Duke of Wellington was Anglo-Irish, the social class. Though born in Ireland, was more English than most English. He did not care for the Irish much, although he probably did not say "being born in a barn does not make one a horse" as is occasionally alleged.
* Some British actors who moved to Hollywood are so Americanized that many people incorrectly assume they were actually born in the United States: Creator/ElizabethTaylor, Vivien Leigh, Creator/CaryGrant and Creator/BobHope.[[note]]Taylor came by it naturally—both of her parents were Americans, she was born a citizen of both the UK and US, and her family returned to the States just before WWII broke out in Europe. Hope came to the US with his family as a 4-year-old, and Grant moved to the US in his late teens.[[/note]]
* UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus is often thought to have been Spanish, because he worked for the Spanish Crown, but was actually born in the Italian city of Genoa. However, he was not just some Genoese freelancer working for Spain; he had emigrated to Spain and settled there (as much as a career sailor can truly be settled) before he made his pitch to the Spanish monarchs, as the shipping business out of Genoa had dried up after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople.
* UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte is often perceived to be French, but was born on Corsica. It is complicated -- France acquired Corsica from the Republic of Genoa shortly before Napoleone Buonaparte's birth, but in legal theory it was treated as Genoese territory in hock to France (theoretically, Genoa could have gotten it back by repaying its debts to the French, but that was not a realistic option). Corsica was only officially declared to be fully part of France during the French Revolution. That said, some Corsican nationalists have no love for Napoleon and say he and the other Buonapartes were [[NoTrueScotsman not real Corsicans]] but Italians because the family originated from the mainland and settled on Corsica as Genoese colonists. Charles Bonaparte, Napoleon's American great-nephew and US attorney general under Teddy Roosevelt, was hailed as an Italian-American hero by that community, on the account of his Genoese ancestry.
* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler: Many people believe he was German, but he was actually born in Austria.
* Creator/JeanJacquesRousseau is often ranked among the most important French philosophers. However, Rousseau was born in (French-speaking) Geneva, which at the time was a semi-independent Protestant theocratic republic generally associated with Switzerland but under heavy French influence; the city became a full part of Switzerland a few decades after Rousseau died.
* Music/WolfgangAmadeusMozart is contested by both the Austrians as well as Germans for being one of them. The complication partly arises from the fact that Austria was part of the [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire German Empire]] during Mozart's lifetime. To further complicate matters, although for a lot of his life Mozart lived in Vienna, was not an Austrian national, but was born in Salzburg, which only became part of Austria after his death. He also was a citizen of his father's country of origin, the Imperial City of Augsburg (now in the state of Bavaria in Germany).
* Brazilian people are often confused with Portuguese people. Carmen Miranda, for instance, starred in many Brazilian musicals, including ''Disney/TheThreeCaballeros'', but was actually born in Lisbon, Portugal.
* Quite some Walloon people are often thought to be French. Music/JacquesBrel, Creator/{{Herge}} and Creator/GeorgesSimenon, for example. Music/DjangoReinhardt, however, although born in the Walloon part of Belgium, was a French national (his parents came from Alsace, originally, and on Django's birth certificate they are stated to be Parisians) and ethnically ''Manouche'' (Sinti).
* Similar to the InterchangeableAsianCultures trope, a lot of white Americans seem to think that any Hispanic people are "Mexican".
* [[http://ethnicelebs.com/adam-driver American actor]] Creator/AdamDriver is of British (English, Welsh & Scottish), Irish, German and Dutch ethnic ancestry but could vaguely pass for Latino, Indigenous American or an ethnic/racial mix akin to Creator/KeanuReeves.
* The [[UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands Dutch]] are, outside Europe, commonly mistaken for either Germans [[note]](This is even a bit of a BerserkButton for ''older'' Dutch generations, who sometimes still have resentment against Germans stemming from UsefulNotes/WorldWarII) - it should be noted though that newer generations of both countries generally appreciate one another; they are each other's most important economic partners, often learn each other's languages in High School, and generally have more in common with each other than either one of them has with the Anglophone world.[[/note]] or Belgians (at least with the Flemish half of the latter they share a language - [[SeparatedByACommonLanguage well, mostly]]). On top of that, non-Europeans often mistakenly call the Netherlands "Scandinavian" even though this country is geographically and culturally a total different place than [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scandinavia actual Scandinavian]] countries.
* Chinese-American [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Vincent_Chin Vincent Chin]] was beaten to death by two men who apparently assumed he was Japanese.
* People from one Eastern European country might get mistaken as coming from another. Due to frequent cases of less-than-pleasant current or past international relations, that might annoy or even infuriate them if the mistake places their origin in a country neighboring their own, or Russia.
* Creator/GwynethPaltrow came to fame in the mid-1990s playing British characters in ''Film/{{Emma}}'', ''Film/SlidingDoors'', and ''Film/ShakespeareInLove'', leading to many to initially believe she was British; Paltrow was born and raised in Los Angeles.
* White South Africans often get mistaken for Australians based on their accents.