Essentially, the school where a military officer learns his or her trade.

In the American military system, the official service academies provide military training while simultaneously training undergraduates for their Bachelor's Degree. There are six such Federal Service Academies. In addition, there are a number of academies, known as Senior Military Colleges, which are regular universities (one private, five public), as well as Military Junior Colleges (two public, three private). The defining trait of the military academy is that the students are kept in an institution where military standards and discipline are pervasive. For example, many civilian schools host ROTC programs which train officers, but these are not academies because they are not institutional training environments. Dedicated military academies maintain prestigious reputations and have high standards for admission.

A military academy comes in three forms:
* Undergraduate Officer Training: Where students are taught to be officers while simultaneously achieving a Bachelor's Degree.
* Officer Training School: A shorter course intended for Soldiers who already have a Bachelor's Degree. Often used for educated Enlisted Soldiers to advance to the Officer's ranks.
* Staff College: Effectively, military grad school. Where officers are trained in the administrative and policy areas of their profession, for high-level command, perhaps even General rank. Also attracts the more academically minded officers, who may write articles there. These may also be open to civilians (typically career diplomats and defense officials approaching the highest echelons of their fields) and foreign military officers. It is not at all uncommon for serious academic research into security studies and international relations to come out of a military staff college.

This should not be confused with Basic Training or Boot Camp, which is a crash course for turning civilians into enlisted soldiers. Basic Training is aimed at the lowest common denominator and is intended to teach the most basic soldiering skills. Compare with MilitarySchool, which is a military institutional environment for junior high and high school students.


[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* In ''Manga/MaidenRose'', Klaus and Taki meet for the second first-time at the Luckenwalde military academy, which specializes in tank warfare. There is of course a DrillSergeantNasty and some other stock figures, though the focus is primarily on the duo.
* Any Ninja Village worth their salt now has a competent Ninja Academy in ''Manga/{{Naruto}}''. Training as a ninja is voluntary, but it most often starts at a young age (The Rookie Nine enrolled when they were eight years old). Though, there seems to be a lacking of [[ThereAreNoTherapists therapists]] for students who need it, though one (Naruto) is a pariah of the village, and no one would have a problem with the other (Sasuke} trying to take revenge on the person who killed his entire family. Tobirama Senju was the Hokage who founded the first ever Ninja Academy too, which quickly spread to all five nations.
* In ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes'', the Free Planets Alliance Officer Academy is one such institution, with prospective students enrolled as officer cadets and receive free undergraduate education, provided that they stay in the military upon graduation. That's how Wen-Li ended in the military his greatest dream was to study history, but he didn't have money for college, so he enlisted to do it on a Nation's dime. And [[FourStarBadass damn did he excel at it]]!
* In ''Manga/GunkaNoBalzer'', Baselland's Royal Military Academy takes in teenagers as cadets for three years and graduates them as regular or reserve officers. [[spoiler:When an uprising happens the students (rather than the regular army or police) are mustered to quell the insurgents.]]
* In ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing'', OZ both develops mobile suit technology, and also trains the larger Alliance Mobile Suit Troops (as well as its own) at its Lake Victory Academy [[spoiler:at least until a Gundam burns the academy to the ground]].
* In the flashback arc of ''Manga/MobileSuitGundamTheOrigin'', Char Aznable and Garma Zabi attend the Zeon Military Academy together and develop a strong rivalry and friendship. Later, cadets and graduates of the Academy stage the Dawn Uprising, an attack under Garma's leadership against the Federation garrison of Side 3 in response to (rumoured) Federation repression. The original ''Mobile Suit Gundam'' established that Char and Garma had attended the Academy together, but ''The Origin'' greatly elaborated on it.

* The Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse sometimes features military academies, usually those belonging to the Empire. Just how Rebels get trained isn't often shown; most characters we get to know tend to have gone through the Imperial system or sometimes a neutral third-party state's equivalent before lighting out and signing on with the Rebellion, and being LaResistance and therefore somewhat MildlyMilitary in character -not to mention being [[NoBudget chronically short of funds]] most of the time- the Rebels might not actually ''have'' an equivalent.
* The Kate Kane version of ''ComicBook/{{Batwoman}}'' was a cadet at West Point, but resigned after refusing to deny her lesbianism or out her female partner (in the "Don't Ask Don't Tell" era where homosexuality in the US military was forbidden but not actively enquired into). The comic includes flashbacks to this time in her life.

[[folder: Fan Fic]]
* In the WesternAnimation/{{Daria}} ExpandedUniverse (specifically, the FanFic series 'Legion of Lawndale Heroes'), there is the United States Academy for Extranormal Studies. The academy (or 'the Axe' as it's also known) also incorporates elements of AcademyOfAdventure, EducationThroughPyrotechnics (read up on ''Zero Area'', where the REALLY powerful students train), MeasuringDay (the word for this is 'Ow'), SuperheroSchool and WakeUpGoToSchoolSaveTheWorld (where '' 'The Alliance' '' comes in).

* ''Film/{{Annapolis}}'' depicts life in a military academy, although its portrayal is particularly inaccurate.
* ''Film/AnOfficerAndAGentleman'' centers on a cadet at an Officer's Training School. The school in this film is an example of a school that commissions aviators but does not provide undergraduate academics.
* ''Film/TheSubstitute4FailureIsNotAnOption'' sees former ex-soldier Karl Thomasson (Treat Williams) return to teach at a military academy and dismantle a white supremacist cult in the school.

* In ''Literature/StarshipTroopers'' the protagonist attends an officer commissioning school. This is not a four-year program, because the character is an excellent enlisted soldier attempting to move up in his career.
* In P.C. Hodgell's ''Literature/ChroniclesOfTheKencyrath'' series, book 4, ''To Ride a Rathorn'', has heroine Jame enrolled at Tentir, the Kencyr military academy, training to be a randon (the Kencyr word for officer). The two following books follows her further adventures at Tentir.
* Saganami Island, the military academy for the Star Empire of Manticore in ''Literature/HonorHarrington'', gets a fair amount of development in terms of its institutional culture. Honor was an instructor there for a few years while on medical leave. It also has the Advanced Tactics Course (affectionately known as ''[[RedBaron The Crusher]]''), that any officer hoping for a line command must pass (It's possible to get a destroyer command without graduating ATC, but nobody gets a bigger hyper-capable command than that without surviving The Crusher), that may be considered a Staff College of sorts. While Honor was teaching basic tactics at Saganami, she was also serving as ''Commandant'' of the ATC.
* The ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'' has the Imperial Service Academy, though it's only shown briefly.
* In ''Literature/TheForeverWar'', officers learn to be officers via an UpgradeArtifact that downloads knowledge directly into their brain. It takes two weeks. Plus another four weeks to learn how to walk again.
* In Ender's Game the academies most students move to after graduating Battle School.
* A large number of these show up in ''TabletopGame/{{BattleTech}}'', including Sandhurst. Any major power has three or four, each of which train elite officers, though usually the one on the Capital world is the most prestigious.
* Frank Merriwell attends Fardale Military Academy in ''Frank Merriwell's Schooldays'', the first of the series, because politics kept him out of West Point. His rival Barton Hughes has also been in more than one MilitarySchool (and been kicked out.) Later in the series, Frank and Bart switch to Yale.
* Parodied in ''Discworld/{{Eric}}'', where an Ephebian EnsignNewbie passed the Academy with flying colours in Valadictory Poetry and Military Grammar. As opposed to [[CaptainSmoothAndSergeantRough his sergeant]], who hasn't had an education, but simply spent the last forty years fighting people and monsters.
* ''Literature/EmpireFromTheAshes'': Main protagonist Colin [=McIntyre=] is stated to have graduated from the US Naval Academy in the first book. They create an all new Imperial Academy in the third book. It seems to be heavily based on the academies that the protagonists remember.

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* The ''Franchise/StarTrek'' universe has [[SpaceCadetAcademy Starfleet Academy]] in San Francisco, which has been the focus of a young adult books series and a ComicBook series.
* ''Series/{{JAG}}'': Several of the main characters are graduates of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD.
* In ''Series/NorthAndSouthUS'', several of the principle characters such as Orry Main, George Hazard, and Elkanah Bent, all attended West Point. Or, in the case of the last, was thrown out of it.
* In the American version of ''[[Series/HouseOfCardsUS House of Cards]]'', Frank Underwood's alma mater is "The Sentinel," which is obviously a thinly-veiled version of the Citadel, the military academy of South Carolina. We see it when he goes to the dedication of the library named after him.

* ''Radio/TheNavyLark'' had a WholeEpisodeFlashback in which [[NoSenseOfDirection Navigation Officer]] Phillips was shown to have tried to join the army, but got lost on his way to Sandhurst (see RealLife) and ended up at Dartmouth and the Naval College there instead, and his training there.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* While not all Imperial Guard officers in ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' attend the Schola Progenium, and not all who attend the Schola go on to military careers, all of the Guard's Stormtroopers and Commissars, and the warrior-nuns of the Adepta Sororitas, are trained there. The Schola is set up specifically to teach the orphaned children of the Emperor's servants, Guardsmen, arbitrators, and the like. Considering [[CrapsackWorld the setting]], there's no shortage of students. In fact, Schola is usually seen as a goal in itself. After all, it provides food, shelter and, let's be honest, its education is almost as good as it gets.
** Eldar Aspect Shrines also arguably qualify-they are where an Eldar embarks on the path of the Aspect Warrior, and trains in the mentality and combat style of the chosen Aspect.
* [[TheEmpire The Realm]] in ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' has two major academies: The House of Bells, for [[SuperpowerfulGenetics Dragon-Blooded]] from noble families, and Pasiap's Stair, for those non-noble Dragon-Blooded who Exalted too late to be adopted into a noble house. The curriculum at Pasiap's Stair is a '''[[TrainingFromHell lot]]''' [[TheSpartanWay harsher]], but its graduates, while fewer in number, tend to go further in their careers.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'', military academies are built (some versions of) the character creation rules.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* Several mentioned in the VideoGame/WingCommander series, one of which is the core of a mission generator package (''VideoGame/WingCommander Academy'', [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin naturally enough]]). In the cartoon (also called ''WesternAnimation/WingCommanderAcademy''), Blair, Maniac, and some others are finishing up their time at the TCSF Academy, with their cadet cruise being aboard the ''Tiger's Claw''.
* ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'':
** The Gardens from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVIII'', which combine this with ElaborateUniversityHigh. Oddly, rather than feeding their graduates into a particular nation's military, they seem to act more like regular colleges in that it just prepares you for a job which you then have to go find on your own. Also, all its students are [[ImprobableAge under eighteen]], to as young as ''[[ChildSoldiers five]]''.
** The Peristylium from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyType0'' is said to be another military academy in the 'verse of ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'', but this one looks to be stationary.
* Will/Ed in ''VideoGame/AdvanceWars: Dark Conflict'' (''DaysOfRuin'') (damn inconsistent dubs) was attending a military school before [[AfterTheEnd the meteor shower]] and was the only survivor.
* You start out in one of these during the 'Chronicles of the Sword' custom player mode in ''VideoGame/SoulCalibur 3'.
* You're a cadet at one, along with your squad, when you start the first chapter of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics''.
* The 15th Hierarchical City of Torifune, also known as the Academy City, is one of these in ''VideoGame/BlazBlue'', with Noel Vermillion, Jin Kisaragi, Tsubaki Yayoi, Makoto Nanaya and Carl Clover all having attended during the backstory.
* The Lanseal Military Academy serves as the main hub for ''VideoGame/ValkyriaChroniclesII''.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Xenogears}}'', Jugend was the Solaris-based military academy attended by Elly and the Elements (Dominia, Kelvena, Seraphita, and Tolone), in addition to [[spoiler:Citan, Sigurd, Jessie, and Ramsus]] in their youth before becoming the Elements squad preceding the current one.
* In one of the early missions of the Allied campaign of ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlert2'', you liberate and then defend the United States Air Force Academy from the Soviets (who have taken the cadets hostage in the Chapel), and then use it as a base to wipe the Soviets out. You can garrison the Academy Chapel, for what it's worth.
* In many 4X games, military academies can be built in your cities ([[SpaceX or equivalent]]), usually providing some type of bonus to troops built in that city later on.
* In ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfHeroesTrailsOfColdSteel'', the students of Class VII attend Thors Military Academy, a prestigious Military academy in the [[TheEmpire Erebonian Empire.]] [[spoiler:It also helps to prepare them for [[CivilWar what's to come.]]]]

[[folder: Real Life]]
* The Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, which has trained officers for many countries and is frequently the destination for second sons of the British Royal Family. It is near exclusively known as Sandhurst.
** The Staff College at Camberley (now defunct), replaced with several institutes
** The Royal Air Force and [[UsefulNotes/BritsWithBattleships Royal Navy]] get RAFC Cranwell and Britannia Royal Naval College (HMS Dartmouth) respectively.
** The Royal Marines have the Commando Training Centre at Lympstone which trains both enlisted men and officers.
* For [[UsefulNotes/YanksWithTanks the US armed forces]]:
** United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Famous for being the newest major academy, its beautiful chapel, and [[BlingOfWar fantastic cadets' uniforms]] designed by Creator/CecilBDeMille.
** United States Coast Guard Academy, New London, Connecticut.
** United States Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, New York: Unlike other academies, Merchant Marine graduates do not join the uniformed services, instead becoming officers in the US Merchant Marine--i.e. commercial ships working (typically) for companies, though some merchant ships are government-owned--that get called into military service on the logistical side during really big wars.
** United States Military Academy, West Point, New York: Most definitely ''not'' ever called the United States Army Academy, despite it being exclusively for the training of Army officers. (Nonetheless, West Point's sports teams are referred to as "Army".) So named because it's by far the oldest of the US military academies, and there was no expectation at its founding that additional ones would later exist or be needed.
** United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland: Also trains [[SemperFi Marine]] officers.
** Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland: Trains doctors, nurses and dentists for the Army, Navy and Air Force (the Marine Corps has no medical personnel of its own, relying on the Navy for that), as well as the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps.
** No less than seven Staff Colleges across the country. The most prominent (e.g. the Army War College) also admit high-ranking civilian bureaucrats for education in foreign and defense policy.
*** Staff colleges train high ranking officers seeking to become commanding cadre of the military. The US Army Command and General Staff college, for example, trains Army majors expected to take on command positions. The War College trains colonels expected to become generals.
** There are 6 Senior Military Colleges ([=SMCs=]) across the US, approved by Congress. Among them are Texas A&M, Virginia Tech, Virginia Military Institute, Norwich, The Citadel, and North Georgia. Some are strictly military schools, while others allow civilians.
*** Texas A&M University is considered a senior military college by the US Armed forces. The reason why it allows civilian students is because every year the Commandant of the Corps of Cadets writes a special exemption for them. (Said exemption originally existed for veterans and National Guard/State Guard troops.) Much the same situation exists at Virginia Tech, North Georgia, and Norwich.
*** All full-time undergraduates at The Citadel, except for active-duty military members and a small number of veterans[[note]]specifically, honorably-discharged veterans who left The Citadel for active military duty before graduation[[/note]], are members of the school's cadet corps. Apart from these veterans, all civilians at The Citadel are in the school's evening program, made up mostly of graduate students, or its online graduate program.
*** VMI is the last SMC that does not accept any civilians in any form, and also is the only one that awards only bachelor's degrees. VMI was the last to admit no women until [[ ordered to take female cadets by the Supreme Court]].
*** Interestingly, under federal law, ROTC students at the [=SMCs=] are ''not'' required to take a military commission upon graduation, although most do. This differs from ROTC at civilian four-year schools, where students who wish to enter their third year of ROTC must sign a contract binding them to a military commission. It also differs from the service academies, where students sign the same contract as a condition of continuing after their second year.
* A number served to train [[UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets Soviet]] / [[UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRustingRockets Russian Officers]]:
** The Frunze Military Academy is a staff college for long-term career officers, which is kind of a Ph.D course for officers, and, indeed, many of its alumni get a degree in military sciences. Lowest rank for admission is Major. Common officer training schools are much more numerous.
** And there is the Voroshilov General Staff Academy attended by the "best and the brightest" of the Soviet/Russian military. Students are admitted in the ranks of lieutenant colonel, colonel, and one-star general.
** Dzerzhinsky Military Academy of Rocket Forces, now Peter the Great Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Force, for staff officers in the [[UsefulNotes/FromRussiaWithNukes Strategic Rocket Forces]].
** The Kirov Military Medical Academy, which trained the senior medical staff of the Soviet armed forces (and also for Russian and neighboring military forces), and offers training both for the Ph.D level and post-doctorate level.
** There are a ridiculous number of other senior officer academies ''alone''--the USSR had [[ more]] than any other country, and an even greater number of junior schools. Russia is left with far more than they could realistically need.
** Undergraduate officer training and officer training school are ususlly the same thing under the Soviet doctrine, called a ''voyennoe uchilische'' (military teaching facility). The Soviet military ''did'' need many more junior officers than its American counterparts, due to lack of a [[SergeantRock professional NCO corps]], many positions that in other armies would've been filled by [=NCOs=] were considered a junior officer's billet, and on the other side the Soviet standing army was gigantic. The military academy is another beast of another stripe, attended by senior officers and providing doctorates in military sciences, necessary if you want to be a general. There are also military schools attached to civilian universities, called ''voyennaya kafedra'', a kind of ROTC that train MildlyMilitary {{Ensign Newbie}}s that go then straight to reserve; after the fall of the Union, they aren't as numerous and remain only in several universities.
* In [[UsefulNotes/GaulsWithGrenades France]]:
** Ecole Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr. Its motto is "Ils s'instruisent pour vaincre": literally "They study to vanquish" or "Training for victory".
** The Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, while it is an university specializing in science and engineering, retains a heavy military character. The students are technically officers, undergo military training, and wear a very sweet 19th century officer uniform (with a [[NiceHat bicorn]] and a sword). The school banner is also entitled to be emblazoned with the battle honour "Paris 1814", as the students participated in the (ultimately futile) defence of Paris from the armies of the [[UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars Sixth Coalition]] in March 1814.
* The [[UsefulNotes/AussiesWithArtillery Australian Defence Force]] Academy
** Which is a tri-service academy/university (you get a degree at the end from the University of New South Wales).
*** Then you have the Royal Military College, RMC Duntroon, which is the officer academy for the Australian Army
*** The Royal Australian Navy sends its new officers to the Royal Australian Naval College, HMAS Creswell
*** The Royal Australian Air Force has RAAF East Sale for initial officer training.
*** And while technically not officer training schools, there are also the three enlisted schools: ARTC Kapooka (Army Recruit Training Centre); 1RTU, RAAF Wagga (No.1 Recruit Trg. Unit); and RAN RS, HMAS Cerberus (RAN Recruit School).
* The Royal Military College of Canada, in Kingston, ON, trains officers for the whole [[UsefulNotes/CanucksWithChinooks Canadian Forces]]. Now there's also the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (English: Royal Military Collage Saint-Jean).
** Fun fact: The RMCC's flag was the direct inspiration for the current, iconic Maple Leaf flag of Canada. [[ TOW link]]
*** There were formerly three Canadian Military Colleges: RMC (established 1876), CMR (est 1952), and Royal Roads Military College (est 1940) in British Columbia. Following the general cutbacks that many militaries experienced after the Cold War, RRMC and CMR were changed to civilian colleges in 1995. CMR was resurrected as a military institution (albeit with a much smaller student population than it had once had) in 2007.
* The Maria-Theresien Academy in Austria. Established in 1751 and the oldest military academy in the world.
* The Maanpuolustuskorkeakoulu (National Defence Academy) in Helsinki, [[UsefulNotes/FinnsWithFearsomeForests Finland]], originally established in 1788 and in 1919 in its current form. It is divided in three branches: ''Maasotakoulu'' (Land Warfare School) educates Army cadets, ''Merisotakoulu'' (Sea Warfare School) the Naval cadets and ''Ilmasotakoulu'' the Air Force cadets.
** And, of course, RUK (Reserviupseerikoulu), the Reserve Officers' Academy in Hamina, which [[TrainingFromHell trains]] the [[EliteArmy selected conscripts]] to become Second Lieutenants in reserve.