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Melodic Death Metal
aka: Melo Death
Melodic death metal, occasionally called "Melodeath", is a notable subgenre of Death Metal that is characterised by Iron Maiden-styled guitar melodies and a generally higher-pitched growl, though low-pitched ones are occasionally used.

Depending on your perspective, melodeath was created by the British band Carcass; however, it's unclear whether they were truly the first. Whatever your stance, everyone can agree that the style was popularised by three bands from Gothenburg, Sweden: In Flames, At the Gates, and Dark Tranquillity. The success of these three bands resulted in a number of mainly Scandinavian bands that took on the style.

Melodeath is seen as a less underground style than standard Death Metal; its lyrics generally do not focus on gore, although there are exceptions (Dismember is one of them). Melodeath was also a huge influence on many Metalcore bands. When fused together, they become Melodic Metalcore
Bands classified as melodic death metal include:

This genre exhibits the following trope examples:

  • An Aesop: Melodic Death seems to have lyrics of this, more often than not.
  • Darker and Edgier: Hypocrisy, Arsis, Eyeconoclast, Heaven Shall Burn, Fleshgod Apocalypse (as of Agony), and The Black Dahlia Murder are this to other bands in the genre thanks to a greater death metal slant.
  • Genre-Busting/Neoclassical Punk Zydeco Rockabilly: It's not uncommon for a Melodeath band to invent their own sound by drawing inspiration from a wide array of stylistic influences, ranging from other extreme metal subgenres such as Thrash Metal and Black Metal, to more musically varied styles such as Progressive Metal or Power Metal and even non-metal genres, such as Classical Music, Folk Music, Electronic Music and even Country Music.
  • Lighter and Softer: This to Death Metal. But not always...
  • Lyrical Dissonance: Gorn lyrics are rarer than in standard Death Metal, or even Tech Death. The lyrics often range from society/political stances (e.g. Soilwork, Carcass) to fantasy (e.g. In Flames, Dark Tranquillity) and horror (e.g. Dismember, The Black Dahlia Murder).
  • Mohs Scale of Rock and Metal Hardness: Generally a standard 8 (e.g. Amorphis) to a hard 9 (e.g. In Flames, At the Gates and Dark Tranquillity), but can hit a 10 and sometimes get very close to 11 (Hypocrisy and Dismember have done this, and The Black Dahlia Murder often reaches this level as well). Some bands go down to a hard 7 (Sonic Syndicate, Soilwork, modern In Flames)
  • Soprano and Gravel: The Agonist, Deadlock, System Divide, and Fleshgod Apocalypse are a few known bands that make fair use of clean vocals. Bands without any cleans will make more frequent use of low growls and high screams.
  • The Scrappy: Starting to slowly become this due to the more accessible, commercial sound than what is prevalent in standard Death Metal.
    • Beginning to be averted within the scene, as most Melodeath fans are now incredibly pissed off by the sheer number of In Flames and Sonic Syndicate worshippers that claim to play straight-up melodeath but, lyrically and musically, have a lot more in common with, say, Bullet For My Valentine and Bring Me The Horizon than the very bands they idolize, which has caused a huge portion of the subgenre to effectively stagnate. In addition to this, fans also dislike them for managing to creep into tours led by more-respected acts and for pandering to a Misaimed Fandom of Wangst-y teenagers. This is why many melodeath bands have since begun shifting back to the Neoclassical Punk Zydeco Rockabilly stylings the genre was once known for, by basing their sound around more traditional Death Metal (examples include Hypocrisy, TBDM, Arsis, Eyeconoclast) or straight-up inventing their own sound from pre-existing influences (Blood Stain Child, Deadlock, DevilDriver).
  • Romanticism Versus Enlightenment: Quite possibly the most romantic form of music since the 1800's.
  • Trope Maker: Some would say Carcass, others would cite one of the three Scandinavian Trope Codifiers, but it's not exactly known. Eucharist is another common name that gets thrown around when the "who came first" question is posed.
    • Trope Codifier: In Flames for melodic, solo-driven melodeath, At The Gates for brutal, thrash/groove-influenced melodeath, and Dark Tranquillity for Gothic/baroque pop-styled melodeath...at least if you don't consider these bands as co-Trope Makers along with Carcass. For modern fans, it's either Children of Bodom, Sonic Syndicate, or DevilDriver.

DeathcoreMusic/Heavy MetalTechnical Death Metal
DeathcoreHeavy MetalTechnical Death Metal
Death MetalMusic TropesTechnical Death Metal
Reel Big FishMusic Of The 1990sAt The Gates
Love and DeathMetalcoreEarly-Installment Weirdness
Ur ExampleChristian MetalThrash Metal
MetalcoreNu MetalDir En Grey

alternative title(s): Melodeath
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