[[quoteright:302:[[Film/GoneWithTheWind http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mammy_7859.jpg]]]]
->''"Yes, of course, the mammy did exist--once. For at least two centuries she was an institution of the Old South. Even today--here and there--one can be found. But today the Old South as we knew it is disappearing and mammy is rapidly passing away with her. Today--mammy has become largely a fiction--a museum piece of slavery days. Yes--it's true that mammy--the epitome of the patient, contented slave--doesn't live here any more!"''
-->-- ''New World A-Comin[='=]'' (1944 radio series), "The Negro Domestic"

[[caption-width-right:302:Hattie [=McDaniel=] as Mammy from ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', the TropeCodifier.]]OlderThanRadio, {{Subtrope}} of EthnicMenialLabor, Mammy was born in the the DeepSouth of UsefulNotes/AntebellumAmerica, but continued to be a presence for a century after the UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar and is also "popular" in Cuba. During slavery, she was largely resigned to her enslavement, perhaps even finding HappinessInSlavery. After she gained her freedom, Mammy continued to serve as a menial domestic to whites, and continued to aspire to little higher. In her freedom, she may have also moved north, although her position and character is largely unchanged whether she lives in rural Georgia or UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}.

Physically, Mammy is generally obese, middle aged or older, and generally has zero sexual flavor about her: a white mistress was supposedly secure that having Mammy about the house was no threat to her husband's fidelity. In terms of character, Mammy is generally poorly educated, but has abundant common sense and is competent in her domestic duties. She is servile toward the whites, but may be an ApronMatron toward her own family, or even toward her masters' children if they have placed her in authority over the kids. Her earthy common sense may, if her white masters or employers become sufficiently zany, lead her to become the OnlySaneMan of the household and develop some characteristics of a SassyBlackWoman, perhaps even being driven to deliver a WhoopiEpiphanySpeech.

Compare MagicalNegro and AlmightyJanitor. May also be the maid of a MaidAndMaiden duo. TheOtherWiki has a page on the archetype [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammy_archetype here.]] The white family she works for may fall under BadBoss or PointyHairedBoss, but don't expect the story to [[WhatTheHellHero call them on it.]]



* Aunt Jemima from the Quaker Oats Company's brand; was originally a character from MinstrelShows.
* Mrs. Butterworth, the pancake syrup mascot. Since the 70s, she's only been shown as the animated bottle in an attempt to tone down the inherent racism of the stereotype.

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Ella from ''Anime/SonicX'' is apparently supposed to be one but the English Dub paints her as Hispanic

* Cameron's Mammy from ''Film/TheBirthOfANation''
* Parodied in ''Film/TheCampaign'', which features an Asian maid who is forced by her boss to talk like this, only occasionally slipping up/dropping it for her regular American accent.
* Beulah from "Leave it to Beulah," a ShowWithinAShow in the film ''Film/CSATheConfederateStatesOfAmerica.''
* Bubba's mother (and her mother before her, and so on) from ''Film/ForrestGump''.
** [[spoiler:At least until Forrest gave her Bubba's share of the Bubba Gump Shrimp copmany; after that, she hired a ''white'' woman to be ''her'' "mammy".]]
* [=Hattie McDaniel=] made a career out of playing these kinds of roles, including Malena Burns in ''Alice Adams'' and Mammy in ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''. She's also in Disney's ''Disney/SongOfTheSouth''. She played a mammy for Creator/ShirleyTemple's character in ''Film/TheLittleColonel''.
* The grandmother in ''Film/GrownUps''
* The "sassy" maid, Minny Jackson from ''Film/TheHelp'' primarily, but the whole movie is about the black maids.
* Delilah in both film versions of ''Imitation Of Life'', but especially the 1934 original.
* Gussy from ''Literature/MrBlandingsBuildsHisDreamHouse''.
* Annie in ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'', with a healthy helping of humor and genuine affection toward and from her employers.

* Missouri, Randy Bragg's housekeeper, from ''Literature/AlasBabylon.''
* Big Lannie from the Creator/DorothyParker short story "Clothe The Naked".
* Ruby from Patricia [=McCormick's=] ''Literature/{{Cut}}}''.
* Mammy Jane in Charles W. Chesnutt's ''The Marrow Of Tradition''.
* Castalia from ''Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All'' is an examination and subversion. Yes, she's an obese (300 pounds), middle-aged to elderly domestic servant. But, as it turns out, she taught herself to read while still a slave (and reveals this fact while insulting her injured mistress after the plantation house burns down), raises minks, is [[spoiler: the female protagonist's lover]], and definitely does not qualify for HappinessInSlavery. (She also claims to have been born a princess in Africa, and Lucy relates a story that Castalia told her of her enslavement, though the princess bit is likely UnreliableNarrator.)
* Cook from ''[[Literature/GarrettPI Old Tin Sorrows]]'' is essentially a fantasy-world version of this trope, although she's a half-troll rather than dark-skinned.
* Henrietta "Henny" Beech from ''Literature/PetalsOnTheWind'' hits every single cliché, except she's mute.
* Aunt Jemima from ''[[Literature/BloodyJack The Rapture of the Deep]]''
* Ruth from ''Literature/SummerOfMyGermanSoldier''.
* Possibly Calpurnia from ''Literature/ToKillAMockingbird''
* Aunt Chloe from ''Literature/UncleTomsCabin''

[[folder:Live-Action Television]]
* Nel from ''Series/GimmeABreak''.
* Florence from ''Series/TheJeffersons'' totally subverts the trope: She's thin, works for a black family and is extremely outspoken and sassy, especially toward George.
* Betty Draper of ''Series/MadMen'' grew up raised by her family's black housekeeper and then hired one for her own children.
* Florida from ''Series/{{Maude}}'', and, to a lesser extent, her reprise of the role in ''GoodTimes''.
* The titular Mama from ''Series/ThatsMyMama.''
* Berta in ''Series/TwoAndAHalfMen'' is a subversion of the typical Mammy: while she is a competent housekeeper, obese, and full of common sense, she also takes shortcuts, does drugs, and insults the main characters. Oh, and she's white.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* South African cartoon strip "Madam and Eve."

* Beulah, who started as a recurring minor character on ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly'' before gaining her own spinoff show.

* Beloved Belindy from RaggedyAnn, and Dinah in the books.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Celie from ''[[VideoGame/LauraBow The Colonel's Bequest]]''. The game is set in 1925 on a former plantation.
* Subverted by Lenora "The natural born mama" from ''VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite''. She's not a mammy in personality or profession, but definitely by character design. Part of the reason she drapes her apron (which makes her look rather round) over her back instead in the US release (revaling a slimmer but still much more full bodied figure than the standard Pokemon woman). The apron was also edited out of the Anime and the manga in the US. Also probably part of the reason she was the one of the replaced gymleaders in the main story of ''VideoGame/PokemonBlack2AndWhite2'', and the only one that can't be battled outside of the World Tournament.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/DrawnTogether'', prolonged exposure to Captain Hero's X-ray vision causes Foxxy to develop a brain tumor on her stereotype gland, turning her into a Mammy, which makes her a target for the Bureau of Cartoon Political Correctness.
* Old Aunt Delilah in the Disney cartoon ''Figaro and Cleo'' (voiced by the same actress as Mammy Two-Shoes).
** A Mammy was also seen in the Silly Symphony short ''Three Orphan Kittens'' and the Pluto short ''Pantry Pirate''.
* Mammy Two-Shoes from the ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' shorts. Note that Mammy Two Shoes is never shown to be servile to white people and is never seen taking orders from whites either. In fact, by all indications, it's ''her'' house that Tom and Jerry are shacked up in.