[[quoteright:302:[[Film/GoneWithTheWind http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/mammy_7859.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:302:Hattie [=McDaniel=] as Mammy from ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', the TropeCodifier.]]
->''"Yes, of course, the mammy did exist--once. For at least two centuries she was an institution of the Old South. Even today--here and there--one can be found. But today the Old South as we knew it is disappearing and mammy is rapidly passing away with her. Today--mammy has become largely a fiction--a museum piece of slavery days. Yes--it's true that mammy--the epitome of the patient, contented slave--doesn't live here any more!"''
-->-- ''New World A-Comin[='=]'' (1944 radio series), "The Negro Domestic"

OlderThanRadio, {{Subtrope}} of EthnicMenialLabor, Mammy was born in the the DeepSouth of UsefulNotes/AntebellumAmerica, but continued to be a presence for a century after the UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar and is also "popular" in Cuba. During slavery, she was largely resigned to her enslavement, perhaps even finding HappinessInSlavery. After she gained her freedom, Mammy continued to serve as a menial domestic to whites, and continued to aspire to little higher. In her freedom, she may have also moved north, although her position and character is largely unchanged whether she lives in rural Georgia or UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}.

Physically, Mammy is generally obese, middle aged or older, and generally has zero sexual flavor about her: a white mistress was supposedly secure that having Mammy about the house was no threat to her husband's fidelity. In terms of character, Mammy is generally poorly educated, but has abundant common sense and is competent in her domestic duties. She is servile toward the whites, but may be an ApronMatron toward her own family, or even toward her masters' children if they have placed her in authority over the kids. Her earthy common sense may, if her white masters or employers become sufficiently zany, lead her to become the OnlySaneMan of the household and develop some characteristics of a SassyBlackWoman, perhaps even being driven to deliver a WhoopiEpiphanySpeech.

Compare MagicalNegro and AlmightyJanitor. May also be the maid of a MaidAndMaiden duo. Wiki/TheOtherWiki has a page on the archetype [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammy_archetype here.]] The white family she works for may fall under BadBoss or PointyHairedBoss, but don't expect the story to [[WhatTheHellHero call them on it.]]

If the story is set in Texas or California, she might be Hispanic or Native American. In the Northeast, she might be Irish, and in the Midwest Swedish or Norwegian. In stories set in UsefulNotes/TheRaj she might be Indian or Chinese (and more likely than not referred to as ''Ayah'' or ''Amah'', respectively).

The term "Mammy" is also an extremely common name for one's mother in Ireland (like Mom in the U.S) heavily featured in Brendan O'Carroll's ''Series/MrsBrownsBoys''.



* Aunt Jemima from the Quaker Oats Company's brand; was originally a character from MinstrelShows. Her new design nixes the "Mammy" imagery, giving her a natural hairstyle and pearls to insinuate that she's a homemaker.
* Mrs. Butterworth, the pancake syrup mascot. Since the 70s, she's only been shown as the animated bottle in an attempt to tone down the inherent racism of the stereotype.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Ella from ''Anime/SonicX'' is apparently supposed to be one but the English dub paints her as Hispanic.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* South African cartoon strip "Madam and Eve."

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
%%* Cameron's Mammy from ''Film/{{The Birth of a Nation|1915}}''.
* Parodied in ''Film/TheCampaign'', which features an Asian maid who is forced by her boss to talk like this, only occasionally slipping up/dropping it for her regular American accent.
* Beulah from "Leave it to Beulah," a ShowWithinAShow in the film ''Film/CSATheConfederateStatesOfAmerica.''
* Bubba's mother (and her mother before her, and so on) from ''Film/ForrestGump''. [[spoiler:At least until Forrest gave her Bubba's share of the Bubba Gump Shrimp company; after that, she hired a ''white'' woman to be ''her'' "mammy".]]
* [=Hattie McDaniel=] made a career out of playing these kinds of roles, including Malena Burns in ''Literature/AliceAdams'', Fidelia in ''Film/SinceYouWentAway'', Callie in ''Film/TheyDiedWithTheirBootsOn'', and most famously as Mammy in ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''. She's also in Disney's ''Film/SongOfTheSouth''. She played a mammy for Creator/ShirleyTemple's character in ''Film/TheLittleColonel''. In ''Film/{{Saratoga}}'' her character says she'd go after Creator/ClarkGable's character if only he were the right color. When asked if she felt degraded taking so many gigs as a domestic, [=McDaniel=] replied, "Why should I complain about [[MoneyDearBoy making $700 a week playing a maid]]? If I didn't, I'd make $7 a week ''being'' one."
* The grandmother in ''Film/GrownUps''.
* The "sassy" maid, Minny Jackson from ''Film/TheHelp'' primarily, but the whole movie is about the black maids.
* Delilah in both film versions of ''Imitation Of Life'', but especially [[Film/ImitationOfLife1934 the 1934 original]]. The 1959 version by Creator/DouglasSirk is in fact a {{Deconstruction}}. In both versions she is the [[HeterosexualLifePartners best friend]] of Bea and they [[HasTwoMommies raise their children together]]. Unlike most "mammy" type characters she has her own storyline and character development.
* Gussy from ''Literature/MrBlandingsBuildsHisDreamHouse''.
* Annie in ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'', with a healthy helping of humor and genuine affection toward and from her employers.
* Eulabelle from the B-movie ''Film/TheHorrorOfPartyBeach''. She's condescended to by most characters and the hero goes the extra mile by putting on a SouthernGentleman patois exclusively when speaking to her. She's also the only main character with any real personality or charisma, and every time the plot stalls out, it falls to her to go back and give the starter cord another tug.
* In ''Film/{{Hallelujah}}'' Zeke's mother is actually called Mammy, and she looks and dresses the part. But it's subverted to some extent as she is the mother of a family of poor cotton farmers, not a servant to a white person.
* Inverted in ''Film/WhiteMansBurden'', which is set in an alternate America where blacks are the dominant ethnic group and whites are the minority. Wealthy businessman Thaddeus Thomas has a white live-in maid who otherwise fits the physical description of being older, overweight, and servile exactly.

* Missouri, Randy Bragg's housekeeper, from ''Literature/AlasBabylon.''
* Big Lannie from the Creator/DorothyParker short story "Clothe The Naked".
* Ruby from Patricia [=McCormick's=] ''Literature/{{Cut}}''.
* Mammy Jane in Charles W. Chesnutt's ''The Marrow Of Tradition''.
* Castalia from ''Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All'' is an examination and subversion. Yes, she's an obese (300 pounds), middle-aged to elderly domestic servant. But, as it turns out, she taught herself to read while still a slave (and reveals this fact while insulting her injured mistress after the plantation house burns down), raises minks, is [[spoiler: the female protagonist's lover]], and definitely does not qualify for HappinessInSlavery. (She also claims to have been born a princess in Africa, and Lucy relates a story that Castalia told her of her enslavement, though the princess bit is likely UnreliableNarrator.)
* Cook from ''[[Literature/GarrettPI Old Tin Sorrows]]'' is essentially a fantasy-world version of this trope, although she's a half-troll rather than dark-skinned.
* Henrietta "Henny" Beech from ''Literature/PetalsOnTheWind'' hits every single cliché, except she's mute.
* Aunt Jemima from ''[[Literature/BloodyJack The Rapture of the Deep]]''
* Ruth from ''Literature/SummerOfMyGermanSoldier''.
* Possibly Calpurnia from ''Literature/ToKillAMockingbird''
* Aunt Chloe from ''Literature/UncleTomsCabin''
* Deconstructed in ''Kindred'' by Creator/OctaviaButler. The mammy-esque slave Sarah finds what happiness she can, but beneath that facade is bone-deep rage and pain over a lifetime of servitude in which all but one of her children were sold away from her. It's presented not as surrender but as one of the ways that the plantation slaves weather unendurable horror.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Nel from ''Series/GimmeABreak''.
* Florence from ''Series/TheJeffersons'' totally subverts the trope: She's thin, works for a black family and is extremely outspoken and sassy, especially toward George.
* Betty Draper of ''Series/MadMen'' grew up raised by her family's black housekeeper and then hired one for her own children.
* Florida from ''Series/{{Maude}}'', and, to a lesser extent, her reprise of the role in ''Series/GoodTimes''.
* The titular Mama from ''Series/ThatsMyMama.''
* Berta in ''Series/TwoAndAHalfMen'' is a subversion of the typical Mammy: while she is a competent housekeeper, obese, and full of common sense, she also takes shortcuts, does drugs, and insults the main characters. Oh, and she's white.
* Raj and Dee's mother in ''Series/WhatsHappening''. Could also apply to Shirley.
* ''Series/ScreamQueens2015'' had Ms. Bean, a [[Characters/ScreamQueensKappaKappaTau sorority]] housekeeper given the nickname "White Mammy", who was ordered to say "I don't know nothing about birthing babies" by sorority president Chanel Oberlin.
* Louanne in ''Series/BoardwalkEmpire'', maidservant to the Commodore. He's abusive and racist towards her, and [[spoiler:she eventually tries to poison him to death with arsenic. It's also revealed that he had left everything to her in his will, but it's unclear if she knew about that, and Jimmy destroys the will.]]

* Beulah, who started as a recurring minor character on ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly'' before gaining her own spinoff show.
* Also found with Birdie in Radio/TheGreatGildersleeve, getting more egregious in later seasons.

* Beloved Belindy from Literature/RaggedyAnn, and Dinah in the books.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Celie from ''[[VideoGame/LauraBow The Colonel's Bequest]]''. The game is set in 1925 on a former plantation.
* Subverted by Lenora "The natural born mama" from ''VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite''. She's not a mammy in personality or profession (she's an archeologist), but definitely by character design. Part of the reason she drapes her apron (which makes her look rather round) over her back instead in the US release (revealing a slimmer but still much more full bodied figure than the standard Pokemon woman). The apron was also edited out of the [[Anime/{{Pokemon}} anime]] and the ''Anime/PokemonAdventures'' manga in the US. Also probably part of the reason she was the one of the replaced gym leaders in the main story of ''VideoGame/PokemonBlack2AndWhite2'', and the only one that can't be battled outside of the World Tournament.
* The aptly named Macha from ''VideoGame/ChronoCross'', which is odd given the lighter complexion and lack of African features in her children.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/DrawnTogether'', prolonged exposure to Captain Hero's X-ray vision causes Foxxy to develop a brain tumor on her stereotype gland, turning her into a Mammy, which makes her a target for the Bureau of Cartoon Political Correctness.
* ''WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts'':
** Old Aunt Delilah in the Disney cartoon ''Figaro and Cleo'' (voiced by the same actress as Mammy Two-Shoes).
** A Mammy was seen in the ''WesternAnimation/SillySymphony'' short ''WesternAnimation/ThreeOrphanKittens'' and the ''WesternAnimation/PlutoThePup'' short ''Pantry Pirate''. In ''Three Orphan Kittens'' the Mammy is about to throw the kittens out into the cold when the white child she's watching insists that they keep the kittens.
* Mammy Two-Shoes from the ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' shorts. Note that Mammy Two Shoes is never shown to be servile to white people and is never seen taking orders from whites either. In fact, by all indications, it's ''her'' house that Tom and Jerry are shacked up in.
* Audrey's housekeeper from ''WesternAnimation/LittleAudrey''. Quite a FairForItsDay portrayal, since even though she's a bit harsh on Audrey, she plays the role as the OnlySaneMan, plus she's always right at the end.