"Nobody is not afraid of a policeman from France. That is why this hat is so effective."French law enforcement. There are basically three sorts of French police officers on the national level, as well as municipal forces:
- National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie Nationale): A part of the Gauls With Grenades, this military police force essentially covers the French countryside and small towns. They wear kepis. The riot control role is shared by the Gendarmerie Mobile units, which, as their name implies, are part of the Gendarmerie. While in the United Kingdom, the United States and most other ex-British colonies, the idea of using military police to enforce civilian law would seem odd at best and tyrannical at worst outside of extreme emergencies, in France the concept of the Gendarmerie has a long history and nobody really thinks twice about it. France is however one of the few nations to still have a police force named "Gendarmerie" that actually is a gendarmerie; in various nations that picked up the concept from France when it was a colonial power, the gendarmerie was eventually merged into the civilian police but kept its name as a matter of tradition.
- The GIGN (Groupe d'Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale, National Gendarmerie Intervention Group) is considered the most elite group, and is only dispatched in extreme cases (assault with hostages, terrorism... Their most well-known operation is the Air France Flight 8969 hostage situation, where a group planning a 9/11-like terrorist attack was wiped out without losing any hostages during the assault). They also have a strict concealment of identity policy.
- Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes (Direction générale des douanes et droits indirects or DGDDI)
- National Police (Police Nationale, better known under their old name: Sûreté Nationale): Cover towns and cities.
- Includes the Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (CRS), essentially France's riot police. Both the CRS and Gendarmerie Mobile have cool Robocop-dubbed suits to better withstand the various projectiles thrown at them by demonstrators. And also to impress those who'd think about demonstrating.
- A lot of people considers the Gendarmes Mobiles to be the upgraded, more violent version of the CRS.
- While the aforementioned GIGN is part of the Army, the police have their own SWAT Teams: the GIPN (Groupe d'Intervention de la Police Nationale, National Police Intervention Group) has teams in every large city. When things go really south (for example, the Neuilly hostage situation of 1993, where a man known as "Human Bomb" took a whole preschool class hostage), the police resort to the Up to Eleven version of the GIPN, the RAID (Recherche, Assistance, Intervention, Dissuasion, Research, Assistance, Intervention, Deterrence).
- Also includes the BAC (Brigade Anti-Criminalité, Anti-Crime Brigade), in charge of urban surveillance and specialized in actions inside violent crime areas. They usually operate in casual clothes, and watch the streets from unmarked police cars, to surprise the criminals.
- The Police Municipale or "municipal force" has the duty to enforce their employing city's by-laws, though some municipalities have taken to arming them and making them do missions nearer from those of the National Police.
- The Direction centrale du Renseignement intérieur (DCRI, Central Directorate of Homeland Intelligence) was formed in 2008 from the merger of two intelligence components of the National Police and now reports directly to the Interior Minister.
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- L'Assaut ("The Assault") - A dramatization of the hijacking of Air France 8969, with the climax centered on the storming of the plane by the GIGN.
- Louis de Funès' most iconic role, Le Gendarme de Saint-Tropez.
- The Bourne Identity
- La Haine ("Hatred"), another French movie.
- The Pink Panther and other films featuring Inspector Clouseau.
- Banlieue 13.
- Un Flic - Flic being French for, roughly, "Cop" - is a character study of a dour, serious police officer and a flamboyant, brilliant criminal (played by Richard Crenna, famous for the Rambo movies).
- Bob Le Flambeur, a Caper movie about robbing a Casino, has an Inspector Javert type pursuing the title character. In the end, Bob gets away clean because he never actually committed the heist, instead hitting a lucky streak at the gaming tables that made him more than he would have if he'd played his part. His partners, unfortunately, don't know this and get gunned down pointlessly.
- Just about any movie directed by Olivier Marchal, a former cop. Department 36 remains his most critically acclaimed movie.
- Appear in many of the crime novels of Paul Féval (who wrote from 1842 to 1875) including The Vampire Countess, John Devil and The Black Coats series. He had a very cynical attitude so they're usually useless.
- The Crimson Rivers (Les rivières pourpres in the original French) is a novel and film featuring a team-up between a gendarme and detective from the National Police.
- Members of the Maritime Gendarmerie feature prominently in the Young Bond short story "A Hard Man to Kill".
- Commissaire Adamsberg, one of Fred Vargas' main characters, is a member of the Brigade Criminelle de Paris ; the Gendarmerie also plays an important role in some novels, giving an occasion to show the rivalry between the two forces.
Live Action TV
- The final level of Hitman: Contracts requires Agent 47 to escape a GIGN assault on his hotel chamber.
- Modern Warfare 3 has the GIGN as allies in the campaign and as a playable faction in the multiplayer.
- One level in Battlefield 3 has you trading fire with French police.
- A recurrent playable faction in nearly every game of the Counter-Strike franchise is the GIGN, from 1.6 to Global Offensive.
- Team Fortress 2: The Spy has a Nice Hat whose description currently serves as the page quote.
- They can appear to search the train and arrest Cath in The Last Express.
- Driv3r features the National Police in Nice. The Gendarmerie also appear in one mission.
- Rainbow Six: Siege has 4 playable GIGN characters.