->''"Got a call from a weird lady, calls herself Twyla\\
Said she wanted my songs for a modern ballet\\
Twyla said she'd immortalize me in a style a\\
Guy who liked rock and roll could enjoy in LA\\
Movin' Out came about, now it plays in a strange place\\
And my songs are performed by a rock 'n' roll elf\\
While a dancer contorts with his crotch in his own face\\
I don't think it's okay that he plays with himself\\
I never said you could make Uptown Girl a disco dance\\
I never wrote The Longest Time for twinkies in tight pants."''
-->-- Music/BillyJoel sings about ''Theatre/MovinOut'' in ''Theatre/ForbiddenBroadway''

Simply put, a [[TheMusical musical]] which uses pre-existing popular songs (often from one band, singer, or composer). Normally the plot isn't the strongest area, because it is written around the songs, but it's generally good fun to listen to all of the hits.

Sometimes the plot will actually be the story of the band/musician whose music is being used.

A subcategory of the Jukebox Musical is a film which has a soundtrack completely composed of music by one band. Whereas the traditional Jukebox Musical uses pre-existing songs, the film may use new songs composed especially for the movie.

Contrast RockOpera: although RockOpera albums may be staged, the music is written specifically to tell the story. See also RealSongThemeTune when the music is not being composed by one band.

!!Traditional Examples
* ''Film/AcrossTheUniverse'': A movie musical set before and during the Vietnam War using the music of Music/TheBeatles.
** Earlier, in the late 1970s, there was the less successful ''Film/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' (which notably was among the first of its kind). Infamous for starring The Bee Gees.
** Also, ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine'', if an animated Jukebox Musical counts.
** Also from [[TheSeventies the late 70's]] comes the Broadway musical ''Beatlemania''.
*** And the film of the same name.
* ''Music/AmericanIdiot'' is a RockOpera composed entirely (with minimal dialogue) of songs by ''Music/GreenDay'' from the album of the same name. (With a few songs from other albums, as well as the previously unreleased "When It's Time.")
** Though ''American Idiot'' (the album) is a RockOpera in and of itself, so it's less of an example than other entries on this page.
* ''Theatre/AnAmericanInParis'', with the music of George Gershwin
* ''Film/MammaMia'': the [[TropeMaker trope popularizer]], if not the originator, it tells the story of a woman looking for her real father before her wedding, with the music of ABBA.
** Well, there was "Abbacadbra" [[UrExample back in the early eighties]] - though probably doesn't count since they had Don Black put new lyrics to the songs to make a panto-type show with revisionist vignettes of stories like "Literature/{{Cinderella}}" and ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''. They were made up largely from Music/{{ABBA}}'s less well-known songs like ''I'm a Marionette''.
* ''Film/SinginInTheRain'', whose old songs were all written by producer Arthur Freed, some of which he collaborated with Nacio Herb Brown.
** Its SpiritualSuccessor ''Film/TheBandWagon'' used songs by Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz, several of which had originally appeared in a Broadway revue of the same name. (Other than these songs, Creator/FredAstaire was the only thing in common between the two.)
* ''Film/StormyWeather'' showcases not only black performers of the 30s and 40s, but also their music.
* ''Theatre/WeWillRockYou'': a post-apocalyptic exercise in ThePowerOfRock using Music/{{Queen}} songs.
** ''Theatre/BatOutOfHell'' keeps the post-apocalyptic setting, but uses Music/{{Meatloaf}} songs.
* Songwriter Music/IrvingBerlin made a whole series of these: for each of the movies ''Film/AlexandersRagtimeBand'' (which was to have been a {{Biopic}} until Berlin said no), ''Blue Skies'', ''Easter Parade'' and ''There's No Business Like Show Business'', he provided a score containing a mixture of his old hits and a few newly written songs. ''Alexander's Ragtime Band'' and ''There's No Business Like Show Business'' had only a couple of new songs each; ''Blue Skies'' and ''Easter Parade'' had roughly as many new Irving Berlin songs as old ones. (''Film/WhiteChristmas'', however, had mostly new songs, as did its predecessor ''Film/HolidayInn''.)
* ''Theatre/MovinOut'', which uses the songs of Music/BillyJoel sung by one man at the piano, as the characters dance.
* ''Good Vibrations'' with music from Music/TheBeachBoys.
* ''Theatre/AllShookUp'', using Music/ElvisPresley's music. Lampshaded when the lead character causes an old, broken jukebox to come back to life in one scene.
* ''Tomfoolery'', a revue of the works of Music/TomLehrer.
* ''Celebration of the Lizard'', using the music of Music/TheDoors.
* ''Theatre/JerseyBoys'' features the Music/FrankieValliAndTheFourSeasons and tells their story.
* ''Film/GetOnUp'' tells the story of Music/JamesBrown, featuring his hits.
* ''The Boy From Oz:'' The music of Peter Allen
* ''Ring of Fire:'' Music of Music/JohnnyCash
* ''Hot Feet:'' Music of Music/EarthWindAndFire
* ''Always, Patsy Cline''
* ''Theatre/ReturnToTheForbiddenPlanet'' (a musical version of the film ''Film/ForbiddenPlanet'') filled with rock'n'roll songs from that era with more [[ShoutOut shout outs]] to Creator/WilliamShakespeare [[ReferenceOverdosed than you can count.]] A less-successful sequel, ''From A Jack To A King'', reset ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' to the pre-Beatles UK rock 'n' roll scene.
* ''Lennon''
* ''Celia!'': Music of Music/CeliaCruz
* ''Smokey Joe's Cafe:'' music of Music/LeiberAndStoller
* ''Film/TheMamboKings'' features newly-recorded performances of vintage Cuban songs from the '50s.
* ''Crazy for You'' and ''My One and Only'', music of George and Ira Gershwin. These are actually InNameOnly adaptations of the old shows ''Girl Crazy'' and ''Funny Face''.
* ''Happy New Year'' is an adaptation of the play ''Holiday'' based around Cole Porter songs.
* Cirque du Soleil crossbreeds this genre with circus entertainment in four shows designed as tributes to the artists in question, using their original recordings in new ways:
** ''LOVE'' (Music/TheBeatles)
** ''Theatre/VivaElvis'' (Elvis Presley)
** ''Theatre/MichaelJacksonTheIMMORTALWorldTour''
** ''Theatre/MichaelJacksonONE''
* Probably the earliest example is the 1728 "ballad opera" ''Theatre/TheBeggarsOpera'', which took the tunes of popular ballads and added new lyrics by poet John Gay.
* ''Never Forget:'' Based on the music of Music/TakeThatBand before their breakup in 1996, back when they were a cheesy boy band.
* The astonishing satirical film (based on a stage production by Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop) ''Oh What A Lovely War!'' is based around songs sung by soldiers during World War I.
* Music/StephenSondheim has a few of these, largely built around {{Cut Song}}s from his other shows:
** ''Side by Side by Sondheim''
** ''You're Gonna Love Tomorrow'' (originally billed as ''A Stephen Sondheim Evening'')
** ''Putting It Together'' (some lyrics were rewritten by Sondheim especially for this one)
* Miyuki Nakajima's ''Yakai'' concerts, which developed gradually more complex plots and stage design over time, as well as her writing songs specifically for the concerts.
* ''Our House'': Uses the songs of Music/{{Madness}} to tell the story of a young man growing up in London (which is what most Madness songs are about anyway). Featured [[TheFaceOfTheBand Suggs]] as the main character's father for a while.
* ''Theatre/RockOfAges'' is comprised solely of 80's hair band songs by the likes of Poison, Music/QuietRiot, Bon Jovi, etc.
* ''Buddy'', about the birth of rock. No prizes for guessing the surname of the title character.
* ''Sunshine on Leith'' uses songs by the Proclaimers.
* ''Music/JacquesBrel is Alive and Well and Living in Paris''
* ''Series/{{Blackpool}}'' is an interesting example in that the songs are actually being played as the soundtrack and the characters just sing and dance along. It actually works pretty well.
* ''Theatre/BackToTheEighties'' is an odd variation where it uses songs that are not all from the same band, but were all written in the same decade.
* ''Film/WalkingOnSunshine'' does the same with the same decade.
* ''Theatre/DiscoInferno'' does the same with [[TheSeventies the previous decade]].
* ''Viva Forever'', a musical based around the songs of the Music/SpiceGirls, was a notorious flop that may turn out to be a GenreKiller.
* ''Music/HankWilliams: Lost Highway'', a musical biography of . . . [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin well, guess]].
* The Stockholm City Theatre in did the Three Musketeers as a rock opera using both classic rock songs and more modern pop hits to illustrate the difference between the rock'n'roll lifestyle of the musketeers and the effeminate French court. A trailer can be seen here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3GQTvqIxoec
* ''Film/{{Xanadu}}'': The stage version is essentially one for the Music/ElectricLightOrchestra.
* With ''Theatre/PokemonLive'', the soundtrack was made of songs from the ImageSong album ''2.B.A. Master'', as well as a few songs from the later album ''Totally Pokémon'' and some exclusive musical numbers not heard anywhere else.
* ''Sophisticated Ladies'' with many of the jazz songs that were composed by ''Creator/DukeEllington'' or his orchestra's associate composers.
* ''Mentiras'' or "Lies" is a Mexican musical based on 80s Mexican songs.
* ''Hoy No Me Puedo Levantar'' has songs from the Spanish band "Mecano"
* ''Mas de 100 Mentiras'' (More than 100 lies) is a Spanish musical with songs from Joaquin Sabina.
* ''Film/RockAroundTheClock'', a pioneering rock and roll musical from early 1956, features acts like Bill Haley & His Comets and The Platters lip-synching to previously released recordings, with the exception of a live-to-camera performance of the Comets instrumental "Rudy's Rock" and a couple of minor numbers. Its sequel, ''Film/DontKnockTheRock'' was even more so, with virtually all musical numbers featuring lip-synching.
* ''Beautiful: The Music/CaroleKing Musical''
* ''Motown the Musical''.
* ''Film/MoulinRouge''. Twentieth century hits in the 19th century!
* The Swedish musical ''Sol, vind och vatten'' uses songs by Ted Gärdestad.
* ''Series/{{Glee}}'', [[OnceAnEpisode once every other episode]].
* The 2014 animated film ''WesternAnimation/StrangeMagic'' is filled to the brim with covers of pop songs from pretty much every decade.
* ''Baby It's You'' for girl groups of the 60's.
* ''Last Goodbye'', an adaptation of ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' based on the songs of Music/JeffBuckley.
* Sometime in 2014, Music/BritneySpears developed plans for an adaptation of the death of Jesus using her songs. Make of that what you will. She didn't go through with it, but there might have been some remnants of that idea within Fox's ''The Passion Live''.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Sing}}'', a 2016 animated film from Creator/IlluminationEntertainment manages to sneak at least small snippets of at least 80 different songs from the 1940s to the 2010s.
* Fox's ''Theatre/ThePassion'' live musical from 2016 sets the death and resurrection of Jesus to contemporary pop songs. WordOfGod (no pun intended) states that this was done to make the story more accessible to audiences who otherwise would not be that interested in religion.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Trolls}}'': There are a few original songs but most of the songs are reworked pop songs to fit the Trolls.
* ''Sunny Afternoon'' tells the story of, and features the music of, Music/TheKinks.
* ''Theatre/TheBlackCrook'' shows that this is OlderThanRadio. It's cited as the first theatrical musical and dates back to 1866. Only a few of the songs were written for the play.

!!Soundtrack Examples

* ''Film/HaroldAndMaude'' uses only songs by Cat Stevens. He wrote two new ones for the movie.
* ''Film/TheGraduate'' uses music by Music/SimonAndGarfunkel.
* ''Film/PurpleRain'', with music by Prince.
* ''White City'', with music by Pete Townshend, was released as a companion film to the LP of the same name.
* ''Film/IAmSam'' uses all [[Music/TheBeatles Beatles]] songs, but since they couldn't get the rights to the original recordings, the producers commissioned new covers by current artists.
* A bizarre example is the obscure seventies film ''All This and World War II'', which combined stock footage from UsefulNotes/WorldWarII with new versions of Beatles songs. Noteworthy only for Elton John's hit rendition of "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".
* ''Film/AtLongLastLove'' from 1975, starring Burt Reynolds and Cybill Shepard singing Music/ColePorter. It was notorious for director Peter Bogdanovich's insistence that the actors sing live with no {{Non Singing Voice}}s (Reynolds and Shepard are not renowned for their singing abilities). The reviews were so terrible that Bogdanovich wrote an open letter, printed in newspapers throughout the country, apologizing for the quality of the film.
* The anime series ''Anime/{{FLCL}},'' with music by Music/ThePillows.
* The original ''Film/{{Highlander}}'' has a soundtrack written almost entirely by Music/{{Queen}}, and nearly all original.
** As does ''Film/{{Flash Gordon|1980}}'' (1980).
* The soundtrack to the 1989 ''Film/{{Batman}}'' movie was entirely produced and recorded by Music/{{Prince}}.
** Danny Elfman actually composed the orchestral score used in the film. Prince produced a soundtrack album released concurrently.
*** This is true of many of the other examples too, however. Michael Kamen for Highlander, Howard Blake for Flash Gordon, John Powell for I Am Sam, etc. etc
* Though also featuring contributions from composer Jon Brion and seventies band Supertramp, and a Music/HarryNilsson cover, most of the music in ''Film/{{Magnolia}}'' was written and performed by ''Aimee Mann'', and the movie itself was largely inspired by her songs. It's a bit of an odd example - some of the songs were written for the movie, others written before for her album ''Bachelor No. 2'' (which was only released ''after'' the movie soundtrack), and at one point in the movie, [[MassiveMultiplayerEnsembleNumber every character starts singing along]] the song "Wise Up" in unison, as if really were a full musical.
* ''Film/McCabeAndMrsMiller'' uses only songs by Leonard Cohen
* While several other artists' songs were licensed for the film itself, the soundtrack album to ''Film/YesMan'' is almost entirely Music/{{Eels}} songs - the exceptions are four songs by the FakeBand Munchhausen By Proxy.
* ''Film/MaximumOverdrive'' had only songs by AC/DC: The soundtrack album (released as ''Who Made Who'') is probably a little more well-known than the movie is, since it's still the closest the band has to a GreatestHitsAlbum.
* ''Film/ShesTheOne'', the entire soundtrack was done by Music/TomPetty
* The ''Series/FreaksAndGeeks'' episode "Dead Dogs and Gym Teachers" mainly uses music by Music/TheWho.
* The surreal OVA ''Anime/RadioCityFantasy'' uses 17 songs from the same J-POP artists and the plot is minimal.
* ''Anime/MawaruPenguindrum'' uses covers of ARB songs.
* ''Film/TheBluesBrothers''
* ''Film/ForbiddenZone''
* ''Film/OBrotherWhereArtThou''
* ''WesternAnimation/KaBlam'' uses instrumental versions of songs by The Toasters as background music (For the Henry and June shorts)
* ''Anime/{{Interstella 5555}}'' is an interesting variation. The movie was made as a "visual realization" of Music/DaftPunk's ''Discovery'' album, and each song loosely corresponds to what's happening in the story at the time. The characters never speak and few sound effects are used.
* An interesting example is the TV series based around British pop band Music/SClub7. Each of the show's four seasons was accompanied by a new album, with each episode featuring (usually) a single song from said album, in the vein of ''Series/TheMonkees.''
* Some ''Series/ColdCase'' episodes.
** "The House": ''Music/JohnnyCash''
** "Kensington": ''Music/JohnMellencamp''
** "Creatures of the Night": ''Film/TheRockyHorrorPictureShow''
** "Blood on the Tracks": ''Music/BobDylan''
* Film/BabyDriver, kind of

!! Literary Examples
* The graphic novel ''Comic Book Tattoo'' is a collection of short stories based on songs by Music/ToriAmos. As one can imagine, some of the stories are...stranger than others.
* Similarly, ''Put The Book Back On The Shelf'' is a graphic anthology inspired by the work of Music/BelleAndSebastian.

!! WesternAnimation Examples
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls'' episode "Meet the Beat-Alls" features a story in which everyone ''speaks'' Music/TheBeatles lyrics.
* The animated special ''WesternAnimation/GrandmaGotRunOverByAReindeer'' is this, using songs by ElmoAndPatsy.