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Anime and Manga
- Dabura the Demon King from Dragon Ball Z can summon and shoot spears at his enemies.
- Crocus from One Piece is seen using harpoons with great skill.
- In Fairy Tail Erza's Giant Armor is made for boosting her throwing skills and equipped with an evil-banishing spear, which she throws at Galuna's moon in order to end the curse.
- One Elite Mook in Berserk uses javelins, though given his size they're more like harpoons. In a lightless tunnel, he's lethal... unfortunately, he's up against Guts.
- The DC Comics villain Javelin, an Olympic javelin thrower who decided to turn to crime one day.
- Wonder Woman (1974). The renegade Amazon Ahnjayla uses her javelin throwing skills to trick George into losing a couple of sucker bets. When Wonder Woman shows up riding the burro Ahnjayla tries to skewer her with a javelin but Wonder Woman catches it and throws it back.
- One of the favored competitors in The Hunger Games is Marvel, whose Weapon of Choice is the javelin, with which he scores one of the film's relatively few on-screen kills of a named character.
- The '80s Slasher Movie Fatal Games features a javelin-wielding murderer killing athletes.
- Slaughter High, another '80s Slasher Movie, also features deadly javelin usage.
- O Brother, Where Art Thou?: The one-eyed Klansman is nearly killed by a metal pole flying at him, but he catches it midair. The giant burning cross that falls on him, however, is not so easily stopped.
- In The Elenium, the Peloi, especially those from Daresia, use javelins in battle.
- The MacGuffin from the first book of The Prism Pentad is the Heartwood Spear, a magical spear that can even kill a Sorcerer King. Judging from its description it's supposed to be a javelin.
- Sranul from Shadowkeep is a javelin user. Being a Kangaroo Man, he can throw his spears from great heights.
- In the Nibelungenlied One of the tests necessary to won over Brunild's hand is a spear throwing contest between her and a Siegfried-aided Gunther. Said spear is so big that several men are required to carry it around, while Brunild herself can use it with only one hand.
- Moby-Dick has Captain Ahab and most of the Peqod's crew. Justified by the setting.
- In Lord of the Rings, a Nazgûl uses a javelin to almost-mortally wound Faramir.
- Javelins are iconic weapons of otters and hares in Redwall (as are slings) and are deadly when hurled in volleys.
- Javelins are often used by horsemen in the Deverry series, although the author's notes point out that they're very short javelins (three feet) and an alternate translation of the Deverrian word might be "war dart".
Live Action TV
- Kung Fu
- The opening sequence includes Kwai Chang Caine dodging and striking aside spears being thrown at him by other monks.
- The pilot episode. After the Royal Nephew shoots and mortally wounds Master Po, he hides behind his chair to reload. Kwai Chang Caine kills him by throwing a guard's spear through the chair.
- In the 2008 Poirot adaptation of Cat Among the Pigeons, Ann Shapland is discovered trying to steal Prince Ali Yusef's crown jewels by Miss Grace Springer, a games teacher, so Ann has to silence her by tossing a sports javelin through her chest.
- Midsomer Murders: In "Written in the Stars", the second Victim of the Week is done in with a thrown spear using a stolen Bronze Age spearhead; which is unusual even for Midsomer.
Mythology and Religion
- In Age of Empires II Skirmishers are javelin-wielding archers strong against other archers. Oddly enough, they're unable to strike enemies too close to them.
- In Age of Mythology Peltast soldiers are javelineers strong against archers, while the heroine Regenlief use her long spear as a throwing weapon. The expansion has the Turma, Atlantean horsemen who attack by throwing spears. Satyrs can throw multiple javelins as a special attack (but are also notoriously weak.
- Some units from The Battle For Wesnoth can use javelins, the most noticeable being the Javelineer.
- Kratos in God of War Ghost of Sparta can use the spear from the Arms of Sparta as a javelin. Said spear can magically respawn in his hand after being tossed.
- The Avernum series has Javelins as one of the possible weapons. They look like Roman Pila.
- In The Legend of Dragoon, rogue knight Greham can make javelins out of light.
- Fire Emblem has the Javelin, Spear and Short Spear weapons.
- In Diablo II the Amazon can specialize in javelins.
- The Qunari from Dragon Age II use javelins.
- In Fallout: New Vegas, Caesar's Legion uses small throwing spears similar to javelins, mimicking the historical Roman pilum. The Gun Runners' Arsenal DLC adds a challenge known as "Even A God-King Can Bleed" that rewards you if you kill Caesar with a throwing spear to the head. Spears used by the player can also have poison applied.
- Lizardmen in Master of Magic got Javelineers with ranged attack strength 3 like Longbowmen, but not long-range. They also move fast and are tough in melee.
- In Age of Wonders, the Wizard's Throne and Shadow Magic "Throw Spear" ability allows a single rather strong ranged attack. Nomads basic infantry unit Spearman has it, as well as some heroes.
- The Bandana Waddle Dee from Kirby's Return to Dream Land wields a spear that he uses for this purpose, and Kirby can, as well. Both just pull new spears out of nowhere when throwing them.
- Arthur from Ghosts 'n Goblinsdoes this with his Jousting Lances.
- In Mount & Blade, throwing spears and axes are a common weapon type.
- In Tales of Legendia, this is the weapon of choice for Moses. Like some other examples, he generates new javelins to throw out of nowhere.
- Age of Chivalry, a medieval combat-themed Half-Life 2 Game Mod, features the javelineer as one of the three ranged classes, along with the longbow-wielding archer and the crossbowman. Of some note is the fact that he's the only ranged class with any notable close combat abilities, using a longspear and shield as his melee weapons
- Its Spiritual Successor Chivalry: Medieval Warfare combines the three classes, giving the Archer class the option to wield a javelin — and adding the ability to throw it while sprinting, increasing its damage dramatically. A javelineer can also now use his javelin in melee combat, doing away with the need to change weapons to defend yourself in close quarters.
- Dungeon Fighter Online has the Crusader subclass, who can use his Spear of Victory skill to throw a spear of light.
- In Final Fantasy XIII-2 Noel can combine his swords into a javelin to attack unreachable enemies. His Limit Break lets him throw a rapid barrage of javelins from the air.
- Despite the weapon class being named Spear, this is what any character armed with one will do in Guild Wars.
- Wardens in Lord of the Rings Online specialize in spears, shields and javelins, and are very good at tanking.
- Nordein Hunters in Shaiya use the javelin in place of the Crossbow wielded by Elven Archers of the Light side.
- Wen Yang in Dynasty Warriors uses a javelin, and likes to both throw and strike with it.
- Ryse: Son of Rome has Roman pila being used as the primary ranged weapon for Marius.
- In the Total War series Javelin's are a core component of most early armies; a cheap, short-distance but high piercing unit that won't last long in any direct melee combat.
- Total War: Rome II most units in the game now carry javelin's as well as their normal weapons; which they'll throw just before charging the enemy or being charged..
- In Medievil one of the weapons you can obtain in the Hall of Heroes is a throwing spear given to you by an amazon queen. It has only 30 projectiles, but it's far more powerful than the longbow and the crossbow.
- In Broforce, one of the characters (based on certain alien hunter) uses throwing spears as his primary weapon.
- Empire Earth has javelin throwers (and later pilum throwers and Persian cavalry ) as a shorter-ranged, higher-damage alternative to the archer and is useful for reversing the Tactical Rock-Paper-Scissors. In the expansion's Roman campaign, the Legionary can throw two pila at full charge, making them remarkably good at turning enemies into pincushions.
- Warcraft III: Troll Headhunters throw spears and have the least range of all the faction's basic ranged unit, while human bandits use poisoned spears.
- Pyrrha Nikos weilds a weapon that acts as a javalin, or at least it does part of the time, with this being RWBY, it transforms into a short sword and rifle.
- Chief's weapon of choice in Goblins is a magical javelin that splits into multiple projectiles when thrown and teleports back into his hand once it finds its target.
- Tower of God: The entire point of the Spear Bearers. Special notice goes to Rak who wields a 5 meter long spear, which he also uses in hand-to-hand combat.
- Roman soldiers went to battle armed with pila (singular pilum): each was a heavy wood shaft joined to a pyramidal iron point by a fairly thin shank of softer iron. At least for some weapons at some times, the shanks would bend at impact, making it difficult for the enemy to pick them up and throw them back. (For others, the whole thing was of hardened iron.) Pila were dangerous in great part because they could penetrate a shield to strike the holder; failing that, a shield impaled with a pilum was hard to continue using as a shield.
- Peltasts were the javelin-throwers of the classical era. Light troops used to pester the enemy, slowly bleeding it off while rapidly retreating from danger. So effective they were, being armed for maximum speed only with their javelins and light shields called pelta, after which they were named, that they smashed entire corps of powerful, heavily armed hoplites without as much as a scratch, removing them from their pedestal of battlefield dominance in the Mediterranean.
- The Persian Palta, short and heavy cornel-wood spears, made to be hard and durable so they fared equally well as ranged or melee weapons. The most basic weapon of Persian horsemen were two of these, one for throwing and one for hand-to-hand, and was often the weapon of duels amongst mounted Persian noblemen. When engaging the Greeks, this gave the cavalry an edge, as the longer, more fragile Greek spears were more difficult to handle and tended to break first.
- The african Assegai.
- Most ancient cultures west of India made heavy use of javelins because it's easier to produce than the bow, the javelin's greater weight made it more effective against men wearing armor than most of the bows available, and doesn't require nearly as much skill to use effectively, specially at short ranges.
- An ubiquitous weapon in the hands of native Americans in the form of the spear-thrower: A simple, effective device which at its most basic is a stick with a hook or cup at the back that holds a projectile usually as long as a short spear, and multiplies the strength of the user's throw by increased leverage, much like slings.
- Common in Mesoamerica, The Atlatl, Náhuatl name for the spear-thrower, was a weapon very difficult to master, and so was a symbol of distinction and skill, the Aztec gods very commonly depicted wielding one. Also it was apparently able to punch through any armor, be it quilted, leather or chainmail. The onyl thing it couldn't pierce was the Spanish steel plate of the invasion period.
- Also common in South America. The Muisca of the central highlands of Colombia held the Kysky, as it was called, in very high regard. It was a standard warrior weapon, their main tactic consisting on using the kysky while the enemy approached and then finishing it off in a clash of melee, apparently disregarding bows altogether. The army archers were prisoners from other peoples mostly of Carib stock, such as their arch-enemies the Panche, leaving the core Muisca army their hands free to throw the deadly projectiles, said by the Spaniards to be able to go through an unarmoured man entirely, and through any shield or armour the native peoples had. As symbol of prestige and warrior pride, the kysky is usually seen in the hands of their iconic gold figures of El Dorado fame, making clear the represented are men of battle and power.
- It's known in Australia by the aboriginal word woomera, a prominent weapon in native combat, along with almost every throwing weapon ever conceived.