[[quoteright:330:[[Manga/MiyukichanInWonderland http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/miyuki_chan_chess_5950.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:330:I ''[[{{Fanservice}} like]]'' this kind of chess![[note]]It even has advanced ClothingDamage![[/note]]]]

->'''Storm:''' I propose a game of strategy.\\
'''Galactus:''' I accept.\\
'''Ant-Man:''' Aw, man. I know where this is going.\\
'''Storm:''' Knight Ant-Man, move to King's Bishop 4.\\
'''Ant-Man:''' I ''knew'' we were going to be used as pieces.
-->-- ''ComicBook/MarvelAdventures: [[http://img222.imageshack.us/img222/8554/maavengers26017tt6.jpg Avengers #26]]''

The favorite pastime of every [[TheChessmaster Chessmaster]] and EvilOverlord. [[XMeetsY Chess played with actual people]], [[SeriousBusiness sometimes to the death]].

A subtrope of VariantChess. Expect somebody to go into EvilOverlooker mode at least once.

For a higher scale of this, see CosmicChessGame.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Apos in ''Anime/{{Mnemosyne}}'' is frequently shown playing chess with rather... kinky pieces. It is later revealed that he wasn't so much playing, as tracking down the Immortals' movements throughout the series.
* ''Manga/MiyukichanInWonderland'' has the FetishFuel LesYay version of the ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'' chess game where pieces are slapped (sometimes with a whip or riding crop) and lose their clothing forcing them to flee from the game board naked.
* ''Anime/WeissKreuz'' had an episode where the villain/target of the episode was responsible for running what were referred to as "human chess games" for entertainment purposes. However, it wasn't so much actual human chess as it was one-on-one combat on a chessboard-patterned floor.
* ''UminekoNoNakuKoroNi'' has an incredibly elaborate version of human chess. The entirety of Rokkenjima on Oct 4-5, 1986 is the chess board, and the pieces include members of the Ushiromiya family and servants, and demons summoned straight from heaven and hell. The players exist in the meta-world and are witches and sorcerers. As to exactly who is what kind of piece, beyond piece Battler being white king, [[MindScrew no one's really sure]]...
** [[WMG/UminekoNoNakuKoroNi There are some theories]]. [[spoiler:Maria]] is the Black King, and the third arc suggests [[spoiler:Eva, and maybe the other siblings as well,]] are pawns.
** The anime version even comes with a [[IdiosyncraticEpisodeNaming chess motif,]] and both the anime and visual novels are filled with chess references.
* ''Manga/TsubasaReservoirChronicle'' uses this trope during the Infinity arc. FetishFuel ensued.
* In ''LightNovel/NoGameNoLife'', Sora and Chlammy serve as the Kings for their game, which functions like a real-time strategy game and the pieces attack each other. If a piece is too scared or unmotivated, it will not move. Sora uses a RousingSpeech and charisma to motivate his pieces, and seduces Chlammy's Queen to get her to switch sides. Chlammy uses fear and intimidation to motivate her pieces, and uses mind control to steal some of Sora's pieces. Eventually, one of Chlammy's pieces gets fed up with her and "assassinates" her.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Used in a ''ComicBook/MarvelAdventures'' issue. The chessboard is presumably gigantic to accommodate [[PlanetEater Galactus]], who plays against the Avengers with his Herald Silver Surfer as King. After this ends in stalemate, they play baseball... [[http://i159.photobucket.com/albums/t142/robertroberts_2007/Capture-Copy-9.jpg in a human-scaled stadium]]... but it's okay, RuleOfFun fully applies. After that [[http://img222.imageshack.us/img222/630/maavengers26019zk6.jpg failed]] they try [[http://img222.imageshack.us/img222/6718/maavengers26020is5.jpg Texas Hold 'Em]] and then end up in an [[http://img222.imageshack.us/img222/4813/maavengers26021se2.jpg Infinite-Star Restaurant]].
* ''ComicBook/CountdownToFinalCrisis'' shows [[OmnicidalManiac Darkseid]] looming over a chessboard with pieces of the heroes, [[BigLippedAlligatorMoment for reasons that are never fully explained]].
* A variation appears on a recent cover of ''NewMutants'' with Cyclops looming over the chessboard.
* An older comic involved a witch capturing a mermaid's friends and family, [[TakenForGranite turning them into statues]], making those statues chess pieces, and then challenging the protagonist to a game chess with the pieces. Unlike a lot of examples, it showed that the pieces were very heavy.
* The pornographic version occurs in Alan Moore's ''LostGirls''.
* A non-villainous version appears as a one-page gag in ''ComicBook/TheSmurfs'' comic book story "Smurfery".
* In ''PrinceValiant'', the usual deathtrap is foiled by the (nearly as) usual stalemate defense (= nobody wins, i.e. nobody dies).
* ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'': In one story, Iznogoud finds out that there is an island inhabited by two man-eating giants. He tricks the Caliph to come with him to the island, and they find out that the giants are vegetarians. Then Iznogoud asks the giants what they do to the people who come to the island. Guess what they do to them?
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* Disney's ''Disney/PocahontasIIJourneyToANewWorld'' had a scene where King James did this.
* ''Disney/{{Hercules}}'', although it was more monster chess.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* SherlockHolmes sets up a human chess game to decipher a clue in the Rathbone/Bruce movie ''Sherlock Holmes Faces Death''.
* In the Mel Brooks movie ''Film/HistoryOfTheWorldPartI'', Louis XVI of France is shown playing this, although it rapidly degenerates into an orgy.
--> "Knight jumps queen! Bishop jumps queen! Pawns jump queen! ''Gangbang''!"
* ''Film/TheThreeMusketeers1973'' had animal wearing costumes as pieces.
* In ''Film/ManOfLaMancha'', Cervantes sets this up in the prison, but it is a storytelling device rather than an actual chess game.
* The Queen and a rich baron play this in ''Film/MirrorMirror''. There were different pieces like ships, and the pieces attacked each other.
* The crazier inmates of the Russian jail in ''Film/BornAmerican'' regularly have games of chess like this, where jumped pieces get killed. One of the main characters become part of it after severe SanitySlippage.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:{{Literature}}]]
* ''Billy and the Bubbleship'' had a regular chessboard - with frozen people mirroring the actions on the larger board. As lost pieces (for one side) are used as food for the monster, Billy wanted to complete the game without losing any pieces, and figured the Queen of Mordra played against an opponent who just let her win. The solution was the four-move scholar's mate.
* The first ''Literature/HarryPotter'' book uses something like this, where Harry and friends direct the pieces and it's not clear while they're playing what happens if the pieces they control lose.
** In the book, the "eaten" pieces (and Ron) were dragged out of the board, unconscious. In the movie they were destroyed, though they had the decency to aim at Ron's horse rather than Ron's body. The ones left simply left the board after the game was over.
* Played seriously in the ''Literature/LymondChronicles'' novel ''Pawn in Frankincense'' where the hero is forced to play such a game with both his friends and enemies being pieces.
* Most of the plot in ''Literature/ThroughTheLookingGlass'', but probably [[AdaptationDisplacement better known]] for being in WaltDisney's ''Disney/AliceInWonderland'' film .
* The ''Literature/JohnCarterOfMars'' novel ''Chessmen of Mars'' uses the to-the-death variant, where "chess" games are a form of gladiatorial combat.
* Likewise for the climatic scene in ''[[TheLordsOfCreation In The Courts of the Crimson Kings]]'', a homage to ''Literature/JohnCarterOfMars''.
* ''Literature/TheSquaresOfTheCity'' by Creator/JohnBrunner.
* The Emperor in ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'' used live chess pieces. Less pieces were live at the end of a game.
* The Franchise/StarTrek novel ''Literature/TheFinalReflection'', by Creator/JohnMFord, starts with Klingon children preparing to take part in live ''klin zha''. And since we're talking Klingons, you've already guessed that this is a gladiatorial version.
* The second Literature/GentlemanBastard novel ''Red Seas Under Red Skies'' featured a cartoonishly evil scene, with nobles playing a VariantChess with people. The catch was that whenever a player lost a piece, the opposing player could inflict ANY punishment besides death on the piece.
* ''All the King's Horses'' by KurtVonnegut. Also adapted for TV in a SF anthology series [[spoiler: with a twist that made the villain more sympathetic. He didn't really execute the lost pieces, just pretended to to make a point. The SadisticChoice he faced still cost the hero his family.]]
* ''Literature/CarrionComfort'', by Dan Simmons. The [[OurVampiresAreDifferent mind vampires]] (pretty much in name only, they are simply people who can control minds) in the novel are seen doing this on several occasions. In the first instance, holocaust victims are used as pieces (to the death, naturally). The plot of novel runs like this as well, as the two puppet master villains play a game corresponding to the events of the plot. The book is even divided into "beginnings" "middle game" and "end game".
* Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg's short story "Anioł Przemocy" ("Angel of Death") involves a woman forced to take part in one of these. It's a game played by two computers where the pieces are mind-controlled humans that kill each other. (It turns out to be a virtual reality simulation, though.)
* A variant of this is seen in the children's book ''Soonie and the Dragon'', a collection of Irish folk tales. The heroine Soonie, in one of her adventures, is captured by the King of the Fairies, who wishes to marry her. She refuses, so he offers to let her go free if she can beat him in chess. Day after day she loses, and can't quite figure out why... until she accidentally discovers that the pieces are actually ''live pixies'' and they've been cheating on the king's behalf.
* ''[[Literature/TheLordsOfCreation In the Courts of the Crimson Kings]]''. The AdventurerArchaeologist and his LoveInterest are forced to participate in a lethal game of ''[[VariantChess atanj]]''. On opposing sides.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:LiveActionTV]]
* ''Series/ThePrisoner'', in the episode "Checkmate".
* The ''Series/LandOfTheGiants'' episode "Deadly Pawn". The castaways are forced to play the pieces in a game of chess for their lives.
* ''Series/{{Glee}}'': In the "100" episode, [[spoiler: Brittany, off all people,]] uses the chess club in costumes to recreate famous games.
* A fourth season episode of ''Series/{{Lexx}}'' involved a human chess match between Kai and Prince.
* ''Series/TrueJackson'', where Max challenges his fashion rival to a game.
* Happens in ''Series/TheManFromUNCLE'' episode "The Alexander the Greater Affair, Part 1"; Alexander's staff are the pieces, and he and Napoleon Solo call the shots. Alexander is embarrassed when Napoleon checkmates him.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:TabletopRPG]]
* Judges Guild ''Revised Guide to the City State''. In the Bloody Tusk Banquet Hall the {{PC}}s can hear a rumor about Bandares the Thinker, a sorcerer who plays chess with real fighters.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:VideoGames]]
* You fight a PuzzleBoss in Karazhan in ''Videogame/WorldOfWarcraft'' by controlling the chess pieces. And [[TheComputerIsACheatingBastard your opponent cheats]], though ''very badly'', it should be noted. He'll frequently set fire to squares occupied ''by his own pieces.''
** This may be based on a popular ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII'' campaign (a recreation of ''VideoGame/WarcraftOrcsAndHumans''), which had a chess piece encounter within Karazhan, where you were required to keep the two sides as equal as possible so that when one side won and attacked you, you'd have as little fighting as possible to do.
* ''VideoGame/MortalKombatDeception'' has a chess mode, where even if you get "captured" you can fight back, to the death.
* The action/chess hybrid ''VideoGame/{{Through the Looking Glass}}'' pits [[Literature/AliceInWonderland Alice]] against a set of life-size chess pieces. Each side is confined to legal chess moves (with Alice given the choice of which piece to play as), but can make them continuously, without waiting for the other side's turn.
* ''Franchise/DevilMayCry 3'' has you fighting a demonic chessboard at one point. You can destroy the entire board at one go by killing the king, but until you destroy the rooks he'll switch places with them when hit (a nod to castling).
** In fact, all of the pieces have nods to their actual chess counterparts. The Pawns take small steps (though they can change direction) and attack not only to the front, but to the back diagonally (as a reference to how a pawn attacks diagonally and the move "en passant." They can also be promoted. Knights can jump over the pieces and attack by landing on Dante (other pieces will try and fail to move through other pieces). The King can only attack in his immediate area. And the Queen can move diagonally and horizontally the full length of the board (though, ironically, this, along with the cackle she makes when she moves, allows her to be the most easily avoidable). Rooks and Bishops also only move and attack along their normal counterparts' paths.
* On one level of Durlag's tower in the ''VideoGame/BaldursGate'' expansion ''Tales of the Sword Coast'' you end up on a large chess board with a full set of hostile chess pieces bearing down on you. Since TheComputerIsACheatingBastard, they all move at once. Although they adhere to some appropriate rules; any pawns that manage to cross the board without getting killed (and the pieces are ''tough'') will turn into queens... with spellcasting ability.
** The computer even cheats double: the other pieces scurry about like crazy, but if ''your'' characters don't stick to the apropriate movement (and there's no reminder of who's 'playing' what piece) they get zapped by columns of fire from the ceiling.
* The old ''Battle Chess'' computer game was a comedic version of this, with animated scenes when one piece took another: The elderly king pulled out a gun and shot the knight, the rook turned into a stone-golem and ate the pawn, and so on.
* ''VideoGame/{{Archon}}'' was a fantasy version of this, with pieces like dragons, genies, goblins, and knights, who fought over the squares.
* One battle in the SegaGenesis RPG ''VideoGame/ShiningForce 2'' takes place on a chess board against chess pieces, though it's rather unconventional because the pieces can move however they like and are quite hard to defeat. It's one of the [[ThatOneLevel hardest battles in the game]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:WebComics]]
* In one ''Webcomic/SpikyHairedDragonWorthlessKnight'', the titular knight saw an ad for "knight". He answered it, but found out that it involved being the chess piece. He took the job anyway, as he really needed money.
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' has an [[UpToEleven entire PLANET]] of chess people fighting a never-ending war.
* In ''Webcomic/{{ClockworkAtrium}}'', the school organizes a yearly game of human chess with selected students deemed to need the challenge. No need to worry, however. Only 2 out of 10 of the deaths are intentional.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:WesternAnimation]]
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' has a gag where Mr. Burns goes away and part of his human chessboard escapes... and then the opposing pieces beat up the now-unguarded king.
* In ''WesternAnimation/WhereOnEarthIsCarmenSandiego'', CarmenSandiego challenges the two detectives to a game of Human Chess in which she's the black king, and the detectives are the white king and white queen. (The other pieces are priceless artifacts that she stole during the episode.) She promises to turn herself in if they checkmate her. [[spoiler:Zack takes her up on it, but Ivy only plays along until she's in a position to take a more direct approach.]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/VisionariesKnightsOfTheMagicalLight'', the series EvilOverlord Darkstorm plays with on an oversized board with actual humans. When "captured", the person is dunked by trapdoor into the moat. (This becomes an escape route later on.)
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' episode "The Grouchiest Game In Town", which had a villain named the Game Master who forced people to do this in a game similar to chess. Losing meant being turned into a piece for his ever-growing collection. Fortunately he had a rule "wizard takes all" which Grouchy took advantage of when he used Papa Smurf (who is both a Smurf and a wizard) to remove all his opponent's pieces from the board, thus freeing all the people who became game pieces.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats'', Snarf is taken hostage by a race of tiny people. To pass the time, Snarf and the people's leader play chess with tiny people as the pieces.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:RealLife]]
* Often a (pre-choreographed) feature at Renaissance Faires.
** Shows up at all sorts of other conventions, often with thematic house rules.
* Occasionally public parks will have chessboards drawn into the ground for this purpose; [[NoodleIncident usually]] not the fatal version, though.
* A typical feature at anime conventions is "cosplay chess" in which cosplayers become chess pieces on the board and act out fight scenes when one piece has to take another.
** The first convention to perfect this was Anime Boston. The first year it was filmed in entirety was [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5tj1lnS7Co&feature=related 2008: Kids vs. Adults]]. The following year, the match was not filmed due to unseen circumstances. Since then, it was filmed each year, seen here: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nj-BxXD2QsQ 2010: Past vs. Future]], [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdvflVPVh6w 2011: Fantasy vs. Science]], [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dS64t4eKsDU 2012: Good vs. Evil]], and [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfJ9yu0WU0Y 2013: Life vs. Undead Spirits]].
** However, it should be noted that [=MetroCon=] had been doing it since 2004 and while not always perfect, it does deliver.
* Ningen Shogi, played in every spring in Tendo City, Japan.
* And [[http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/the-living-chess-game this event in Marostica , Italy]].
[[/folder]]

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