Hand Seals

Hand Seals, aka kuji-in (literally means "nine syllables seal") are hand gestures that are commonly used as a "mantra" (magic formula). This has roots in Taoism, or possibly Buddhism (as the kuji is said to come to China from Tibet).note 

This trope is popular in Japan (and China), as they're the source of the trope. However, you can expect some works from other countries feature this as well, often parodied. One of the ninja cliches (along with smoke bombs, kabuki stagehand costumes, and shurikens), but sometimes monks also do this as well, especially when meditating.

The mostly used hand gesture in works is the index and middle finger of both hands pointed up, while the ring and little finger wrap the other hand, as shown above. Another variant is the clap palms, more commonly used by monks. Sometimes a one-hand variant is also used.

Subtrope of Magical Gesture. Compare Pstandard Psychic Pstance, Asian Rune Chant.

Examples

Anime and Manga
  • Commonly used to do jutsus in Naruto, with the hand gestures represent the 12 Eastern Zodiac motifs (the picture above, in particular, represents "sheep/ram"), but other variants also exist, such as Naruto's crossed index and middle fingers when he use the Shadow Clone Jutsu.
  • Bleach characters sometimes (but not always) do this when using kido spells. Some examples: Hacchi using Bakudo #99, Rukia using Bakudo #9, Shuhei Hisagi using Bakudo #62.
  • Sometimes used in Fullmetal Alchemist with alchemy.
  • In Sailor Moon Hino Rei/Sailor Mars uses these combined with a paper charm to perform Akuryo Taisan, which paralyses enemies. She can use it as either Sailor Mars or Rei Hino as it has to to with her being a Miko.
  • Averted in Ghost Hunt, where the Nine Syllables are used for exorcism, but not with the appellated seals. (A more generic two-fingered gesture is used instead)
  • Ga-Rei: Kagura uses a certain hand gesture to release Byakuei's seal. As shown in Ga-Rei -Zero-, she can release Byakuei without making the seal, but only when she's extremely distressed.
  • Marron and Carrot from Sorcerer Hunters explicitly notes that the Eastern-style magic Marron uses requires two hands to perform the necessary seals in order to cast magic, contrast to the Western-style magic utilized by Sorcerers.

Comic Books
  • Empowered: Ninjette uses hand seals to stave off a hangover, of all things.
  • In the G.I. Joe comics Storm Shadow would lead the Joe Ninja team through a series of hand seals as part of an exercise to clear the mind before heading into battle.

Film

Live-Action TV

Video Games

Web Animation

Western Animation